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A Treatise on the Theory of Invariants

A Treatise on the Theory of Invariants

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Published by Kevin G. Rhoads

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Published by: Kevin G. Rhoads on Aug 24, 2012
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04/24/2013

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The highest index of any determinant factor of the type (ab) in a monomial sym-
bolical concomitant is called the grade of that concomitant. Thus (ab)4

(ac)2

b2

xc4

x

is of grade 4. The terms of covariants (84), (87) are each of grade 2.
Whereas there is no upper limit to the degree of a concomitant of a form f
order n, it is evident that the maximum grade is n by the theory of the Aronhold
symbolism. Hence if we can find a method of passing from all members of the
fundamental system of f of one grade to all those of the next higher grade, this
will prove the finiteness of the system, since there would only be a finite number
of steps in this process. This is the plan of the proof of Gordan’s theorem in
the next chapter.

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