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A Treatise on the Theory of Invariants

A Treatise on the Theory of Invariants

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Published by Kevin G. Rhoads

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Published by: Kevin G. Rhoads on Aug 24, 2012
Copyright:Public Domain


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The highest index of any determinant factor of the type (ab) in a monomial sym-
bolical concomitant is called the grade of that concomitant. Thus (ab)4





is of grade 4. The terms of covariants (84), (87) are each of grade 2.
Whereas there is no upper limit to the degree of a concomitant of a form f
order n, it is evident that the maximum grade is n by the theory of the Aronhold
symbolism. Hence if we can find a method of passing from all members of the
fundamental system of f of one grade to all those of the next higher grade, this
will prove the finiteness of the system, since there would only be a finite number
of steps in this process. This is the plan of the proof of Gordan’s theorem in
the next chapter.

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