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Triggerfish Report

Triggerfish Report

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Published by Tomas Chua Jr.

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Published by: Tomas Chua Jr. on Aug 24, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Reef triggerfish

 

40 species of often brightly colored species of the family Balistidae. consist of approximately forty species in eleven genera. Inhabit tropical or sub-tropical oceans aound the world. Popular in the marine aquarium trade Notoriously ill-tempered.

     Animalia Chordata Actinopterygii Tetraodontiformes Balistidae .


   They are easily recognized by their deep flat bodies. small pectoral fins. small eyes placed high upon the head. rough rhomboid-shaped scales that form a tough covering on their body. . angular shaped head that extends into a long snout-like nose that possesses very strong jaws and a small mouth full of heavy duty teeth.

. spike-like rows of spines. Near the area in front of the tail they have some prickly.   With an outer series of eight teeth in each jaw upper jaw contains a second inner series of six plate-like teeth.

this spine can be locked into place by the second dorsal fin. When erect. .  The first dorsal fin is made up of three spines and can be depressed into a groove on the fish's back. known as the "trigger" spine (from which these fish derive their common name).


and then covered by rough rhomboid scales. . Sickle shaped caudal fin is used only to escape predators Gill plates (operculum). are capable of undulating from side to side to provide slow speed movement. overlaid by tough skin. is present but not visible.   Ventral and posterior dorsal fins.

they nibble off small bites of any bait.   Aggressive in protecting their eggs from intruders Their territory extends in a cone from the nest to the upward surface They are also notorious bait stealers. .

Triggerfish will often lie on their side above the substrate and undulate their dorsal and anal fins. and microfauna. sending up a cloud of sand.  Feeds on slow moving bottom dwelling crustaecians. allowing them to expose buried animals . mollusks. detritus. and sea urchins.

In the wild triggerfish will hunt by hydraulic jetting: they blow water out of their mouths and into the sand to uncover prey.  Spitting is another common triggerfish behavior. .

   Lay there eggs in a small hole. and other mollusks . dug in the sea bottom Adults guard there nest Juveniles feed on small shrimps. crabs.

  Almost all species of triggerfish can be eaten The titan triggerfish should be a avoided. due to its ciguatoxin .

   Also known as the wedge-tail triggerfish. or the v-line humu humu The official fish of the state of Hawaii The name Humu humu comes from Hawaiian and Humuhumu-nukunuku-apua'a. meaning pig-like snout. rectangular triggerfish. .

023 30 cm.12 1.4 8 .8.26 C.Scientific Name: Family: Care: Temperature: pH dH Specific gravity Size: Breeding: Life Span: Crustacean Safe? Habitat Rhinecanthus rectangulus Balistidae Normal 22 . 72 .020 . 12 inches Egg Laying Years No Corals .1.1 .78 F 8.


which is outlined in brown and yellow. . blue lips and a black wedge at the base of the caudal fin.    Tan body with dark bands Its distinctive features include blue/black strips across its eyes. highly maneuverable and changes directions quickly.

well protected from predators. It uses the spine to lock itself into rocks and corals where it sleeps for the night. Triggers have been known to sleep on their sides as well.   has a double dorsal fin with a large spine in the front area of the fin. .


Reef Triggers are egg layers and they are not bred in captivity. .  There are no known sexual differences.

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