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Set No. 1

III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2007 ANALYSIS OF LINEAR SYSTEMS (Electrical & Electronic Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) For the ﬁgure 1 shown below , draw the mechanical system. And hence write the equilibrium equations (b) Draw the electrical analogous circuits for the mechanical system shown in ﬁgure1 [8+8]

Figure 1

Figure 1

y 2. Consider a system described by d 2 + 5 dy + 6y = u(t) with initial conditions dt dt y(0) = dy(0) = 1 . Develop the state equations and hence obtains the complete dt state response of the system. [8+8]

2

3. (a) Deﬁne the following functions and obtain the Laplace transform of these: i. ii. iii. iv. Shifted step function Pulse Shifted ramp function Impulse function

[4x2=8]

(b) Develop the Laplace transforms of the function to be expressed for the following waveforms. ﬁgure 3 [8]

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Code No: RR320201

Set No. 1

Figure 3 4. (a) Find the Laplace Transform of the Periodic function shown in ﬁgure 4 (b) If h(t)= 2e−3t u(t) and x(t)= u(t)-δ(t). Find y(t)=h(t)*x(t) using convolution in the time domain. [8+8]

Figure 4 5. A full-wave rectiﬁed output voltage, with an input voltage of 230 V, 50Hz, is applied to a series R-L circuit with R=2Ω, L = 3.18mH. Find [4x4=16] (a) Fourier coeﬃcients (b) RMS value of voltage (c) RMS value of current (d) Average power consumed in the circuit and power factor of the load. 6. (a) Find the Fourier transform of the waveform shown in ﬁgure6. (b) Find the Fourier transform of double sided exponential f (t) = Ae−a|t| for−α < t<α [8+8]

Figure 6 7. (a) Check whether the following polynomial is Hurwitz or not? H(s) = s4 + 2s2 + 3s + 6 (b) Find the range of values of ‘a’ so that H(s) = s4 + s3 + as2 + s + 3 is Hurwitz. [7+9] 8. (a) Synthesize L-C Admittance function into ﬁrst Cauer form network Z(s) = (2s4 + 20s2 + 18)/s(s2 + 4) 2 of 3

Code No: RR320201

Set No. 1

[8+8]

(b) Synthesize the admittance function into second Cauer form network Z(s) = (s2 + 2)(s2 + 4)/s(s2 + 3)(s2 + 5) ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR320201

Set No. 2

III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2007 ANALYSIS OF LINEAR SYSTEMS (Electrical & Electronic Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Distinguish between linear and non-linear systems with suitable examples. (b) Explain the D’Alembert’s Principle with the help of a mechanical rotational system. (c) For the mechanical system shown in ﬁgure 1, draw the mechanical equivalent network. Hence develop the force-current analogous electric circuit and write the equations. [4+5+7]

Figure 1 2. (a) Write the state equations for the network shown in ﬁgure 2a

**Figure 2a (b) Solve the state equations
**

di dt dυ dt

=

−2 0 0 −4

i υ

+

e−t e−2t

with initial conditions [io ] = [1 ] υo 1

[8+8]

3. (a) In the circuit shown in ﬁgure 3, determine the voltage across AB using Lapalace transform approach. (b) Find the Laplace transform of the following waveforms ﬁgure 3 [8+8]

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Code No: RR320201

Set No. 2

Figure 3

Figure 3 4. (a) State and Explain the graphical interpretation of convolution theorem. (b) Determine the convolution integral for the functions (e−2t ) (sin2t) (c) Given that impulse response of a systems is input of e−2t .

s s+1

, ﬁnd the response for an [4+6+6]

5. (a) Obtain the fourier coeﬃcients of the following waveform shown in the ﬁgure5a

Figure 5a (b) Find the complex fourier coeﬃcient f or the periodic half wave rectiﬁed sine wave shown in ﬁgure5b. [8+8]

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Code No: RR320201

Set No. 2

Figure 5b 6. (a) Find the Fourier transform of the function F(t)= u(t+1) ? 2u(t) + u(t-1) (b) Find the inverse Fourier transform of the following function F (ω) = F1 (ω) − F2 (ω)whereF1 (ω) = 2Πδ(ω) and F2 (ω) = (2Sinω)/ω [8+8] 7. (a) Check whether the following polynomial is Hurwitz or not? H(s) = s4 + 2s2 + 3s + 6 (b) Find the range of values of ‘a’ so that H(s) = s4 + s3 + as2 + s + 3 is Hurwitz. [7+9] 8. (a) Explain how the removal of pole at inﬁnity of an impedance Z(s) can realize an element in the network. (b) Realize the network with the following driving point impedance function using ﬁrst Foster form. Z(s) = (s+2) / s(2s+5) [8+8] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

3 of 3

Code No: RR320201

Set No. 3

III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2007 ANALYSIS OF LINEAR SYSTEMS (Electrical & Electronic Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) For the givens mechanical system draw the mechanical network. Develop the electrical analogous circuits ﬁgure 1a [3+3+3]

Figure 1a (b) For the systems shown develop the force voltage analogues circuit. Hence develop the state equations. ﬁgure 1b [4+3]

Figure 1b 2. (a) Explain what is meant by state variable and Mention the advantages of state space approach. (b) Develop the state variable model equations of the following network using equivalent source approach. ﬁgure 2 (c) Obtain the state-space representation of the series R-L-C circuit excited by e(t) and the response is i(t). [4+6+6]

Figure 2 3. (a) Deﬁne the following functions and obtain the Laplace transform of these: 1 of 3

Code No: RR320201 i. ii. iii. iv. Shifted step function Pulse Shifted ramp function Impulse function

Set No. 3

[4x2=8]

(b) Develop the Laplace transforms of the function to be expressed for the following waveforms. ﬁgure 3 [8]

Figure 3 4. (a) Find the inverse Laplace transform by using convolution for the following functions i. h(t) = e−t , f (t) = e−2t 1 1 ii. F1 (s) = (s+3) , F2 (s) = (s+2) (b) The waveform gives below consists of a train of impulses of magnitude which decays exponentially. Find the Laplace transform of the function.ﬁgure 4 [4+4+8]

Figure 4 5. (a) Determine the Fourier series expansion for the triangular waveforms shown in ﬁgure 5a

Figure 5a (b) Determine the exponential form of fourier series for the following function: ﬁgure 5 [8+8]

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Code No: RR320201

Set No. 3

Figure 5 6. (a) State and explain Parseval’s theorem. (b) Derive the expression for Fourier transform of unit step function. 7. (a) Check whether the following polynomial is Hurwitz or not? H(s) = s4 + 2s2 + 3s + 6 (b) Find the range of values of ‘a’ so that H(s) = s4 + s3 + as2 + s + 3 is Hurwitz. [7+9] 8. (a) Explain the realization of ﬁrst Foster form of R-C equivalent network deriving necessary expressions. (b) Develop the model for synthesizing an R-C impedance function in second Cauer form deriving the necessary expressions. [8+8] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [7+9]

3 of 3

Code No: RR320201

Set No. 4

III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2007 ANALYSIS OF LINEAR SYSTEMS (Electrical & Electronic Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. For the mechanical system shown in ﬁgure 1. (a) Draw the mechanical network and write the corresponding equilibriums equations. [4+4] (b) Develop electric analogous networks and write the corresponding equations. [4+4]

**Figure 1 2. (a) The transfer function of a system is G(s) = representation of the systems.
**

2 (s+1)(s+2)

obtain the state variable [8+8]

(b) Determine the state transition matrix for the system represented by the char 3 0 0 acteristic matrix A = 0 − 2 1 1 4 1 3. (a) The transfer function of an armature controlled d.c. motor relating the output 0.03 speed to the input armature voltage is given by. H(s) = (s+0.06) Determine the output speed as a functions of time when the armature is to a step voltage of 240V. (b) State and explain what is meant by Gate functions and hence develop the Laplace transforms of it. [8+8] 4. (a) State and Explain the graphical interpretation of convolution theorem. (b) Determine the convolution integral for the functions (e−2t ) (sin2t) (c) Given that impulse response of a systems is input of e−2t . 5. A voltage

s s+1

, ﬁnd the response for an [4+6+6]

υ(t) = 1 0 ≤ t ≤ 1.0 and total period T is 5 seconds. Find the = 0 1.0 < t ≤ 5.0 Fourier series expansions of the voltage waveform. If this voltage is applied to the series R-L circuit with R = 1Ω, L = 2.5H, ﬁnd the current, average power, power factor of the circuit. [16] 1 of 2

Code No: RR320201 6. (a) State and explain Parseval’s theorem.

Set No. 4

[7+9]

(b) Derive the expression for Fourier transform of unit step function. 7. (a) Test whether the following polynomial is Hurwitz or not H(s) = s6 + 5s5 + 15s4 + 28s3 + 44s2 + 36s + 36 (b) Test whether the following function is positive real or not F(s)= (3s) / (s+1) (s+3)

[9+7]

8. (a) Explain how the removal of pole at inﬁnity of an impedance Z(s) can realize an element in the network. (b) Realize the network with the following driving point impedance function using ﬁrst Foster form. Z(s) = (s+2) / s(2s+5) [8+8] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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