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r05220103 Strength of Materials II

# r05220103 Strength of Materials II

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09/12/2008

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# Code No: R05220103

Set No. 1

II B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2007 STRENGTH OF MATERIALS-II (Civil Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) What do you understand by “principal planes” and “principal stresses”? (b) Using Mohr’s circle of stresses ﬁnd the magnitude of principal stresses and the location of principal planes in the case of normal stresses of 50MPa (tensile) and 25MPa (compressive) acting on mutually perpendicular planes having shearing stress of 20MPa. Find also the magnitude and direction of max shear stress. [6+10] 2. 3000 H.P. has to be transmitted at 60 R.P.M. If the safe allowable shear stress is 100N/mm2 ﬁnd the necessary dia. of a solid shaft. If a hollow section is used with its internal dia, = 3/4 of the external dia. ﬁnd the saving in weight per metr length. Density of material = 90kN/m3 . [16] 3. An R.S.Tee-section, 150mm wide × 75mm deep, thickness of ﬂange 9mm, thickness of web 8.4mm, is used as a strut, 3 metre 4 long, ends hinged.Calculate the safe axial load by Rankine?s formula, using a factor of safety of 3. Rankines constants, f c = 315N/mm2 ; a = 1/ 7500. [16] 4. A horizontal strut 3m long is of-hollow circular section 16cm external dia. And internal dia. 14cm. It carries an end thrust of 300kN along with a u.d.l of 5kN/m. Assuming the ends as hinged and taking the self weight also into account, calculate the max. stress induced in the section (Density = 78.5kN/m3 ). [16] 5. A short hollow cylindrical C.I. Column is 240 mm external and 180 mm internal diameter. In casting, the bore got eccentric so that the thickness varies from 20mm at one end to 40 mm at the other. If the column carries a load of 600 KN along the axis of the bore, calculate the extreme intensities of stress induced in the section. [16] 6. A timber joist, 100 mm wide and 200 mm deep, is freely supported over a span of 4 meters. It is subjected to a bending moment of 30,000 cm kg at the central section, the trace OY’ of the plane of loading being inclined at 300 to the principal axis OY. Locate the neutral axis and calculate the maximum bending stress induced. If the bending moment is due to a total load of 600 kg uniformly distributed over the whole span calculate the deﬂection. Take E = 105 kg/cm2 . [16] 7. (a) Where do you use beams curved in plan? (b) A circular beam is loaded uniformly and supported an symmetrically placed Columns. If W is the load per unit length, R, the radius, derive expressions for S.F B.M and tossional moment at a point P, at an angle φ from one support. [4+12] 1 of 2

Code No: R05220103

Set No. 1

8. (a) Illustrate the types of trusses with the help of sketches. (b) Find the forces in all the members of the cantilever truss loaded as shown in ﬁgure 8b. by the method of sections. [6+10]

Figure 8b ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: R05220103

Set No. 2

II B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2007 STRENGTH OF MATERIALS-II (Civil Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. Using (a) max. shear strain energy theory and (b) max. strain theory ﬁnd the magnitude of minor principal stress in a steel member, if at a point the major principal stress is 20N/mm2 (tensile) and the minor principal stress is compressive. Take Poisson’s ratio = 1/3. [4+12] 2. Find the percentage saving in material if a hollow shaft of the same material is to replace a solid shaft transmitting the same torque the internal dia = 3/4 of external dia. [16] 3. An R.S.Tee-section, 150mm wide × 75mm deep, thickness of ﬂange 9mm, thickness of web 8.4mm, is used as a strut, 3 metre 4 long, ends hinged.Calculate the safe axial load by Rankine?s formula, using a factor of safety of 3. Rankines constants, f c = 315N/mm2 ; a = 1/ 7500. [16] 4. (a) What do you understand by “Beam-columns”? (b) A horizontal strut of length L, having hinged ends, carries an axial compressive load P, and central vertical load W. Derive expression for max values of deﬂection, B.M. and stress. [4+12] 5. A short hollow cylindrical C.I. Column is 240 mm external and 180 mm internal diameter. In casting, the bore got eccentric so that the thickness varies from 20mm at one end to 40 mm at the other. If the column carries a load of 600 KN along the axis of the bore, calculate the extreme intensities of stress induced in the section. [16] 6. Figure6. Shows the section of a 80 mm × 60 mm × 10 angle. ‘O’ is the centroid of the section and Ixx = 79.352 × 104 mm4 ; and Iyy = 37.92 × 104 mm4 . Find (a) The product of inertia about the axes XX and YY; (b) The directions of the principal axes; (c) The moments about the principal axes. If the angle section is used as a freely supported beam on a span of 1 m with the 80 mm leg vertical, ﬁnd the maximum bending stress and the magnitude and direction

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Code No: R05220103

Set No. 2

of the central deﬂection caused by a vertical point -load of 6 kN at the centre of the span. Take E = 2× 105 N/mm2 . [16]

Figure 6 7. A semi circular beam of radius R, is supported on 3 equally spaced columns. If W is the load per unit length of the beam, derive expressions for B.M and twisting moments at any point P. and hence at supports. [16] 8. Find the forces in all the members of the cantilever type, plane, pin-jointed truss loaded as shown in ﬁgure 8. Using the method of sections. [16]

Figure 8 ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: R05220103

Set No. 3

II B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2007 STRENGTH OF MATERIALS-II (Civil Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Explain the max. shear stress theory. (b) Using the same calculate the factor of safety of a stress system have principal stresses of 120 MPa (tensile), 60 MPa (tensile) and 30 MPa (compressive). The limit of proportionality of the steel is 300 MPa. [6+10] 2. A closely coiled helical spring is to have a stiﬀness of 10 N/cm of compression under a max. load of 50N and max. shearing stress of 125N/mm2 . The solid length of spring is 45mm. Find the dia. of wire, mean dia of spring and the number of coils required. Take N = 7 × 104 N/mm2 . [16] 3. An R.S.Tee-section, 150mm wide × 75mm deep, thickness of ﬂange 9mm, thickness of web 8.4mm, is used as a strut, 3 metre 4 long, ends hinged.Calculate the safe axial load by Rankine?s formula, using a factor of safety of 3. Rankines constants, f c = 315N/mm2 ; a = 1/ 7500. [16] 4. A horizontal strut 3m long is of-hollow circular section 16cm external dia. And internal dia. 14cm. It carries an end thrust of 300kN along with a u.d.l of 5kN/m. Assuming the ends as hinged and taking the self weight also into account, calculate the max. stress induced in the section (Density = 78.5kN/m3 ). [16] 5. A masonry dam of height 18m is of trapezoidal section, the top width being 4m and bottom width 8m. The dam is having water up to a depth of 15m on its vertical side. If the weight density of masonry is 20kN/m3 . Determine the max and minimum stress intensities at the base section. Sketch stress distribution.[16] 6. (a) What do you understand by centroidal principal axes and principal moments of inertia. (b) Determine the principal moments of inertia for an unequal angle section 80 × 60 × 10mm. [8+8] 7. A semi circular beam of radius R, is supported on 3 equally spaced columns. If W is the load per unit length of the beam, derive expressions for B.M and twisting moments at any point P. and hence at supports. [16] 8. (a) Find the forces in the members of the cantilever truss loaded as shown in ﬁgure 8a. by the method of joints.

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Code No: R05220103

Set No. 3

Figure 8a (b) Illustrate the types of supports conditions with the help of sketches. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

[12+4]

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Code No: R05220103

Set No. 4

II B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2007 STRENGTH OF MATERIALS-II (Civil Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. At a point is an elastic material there are normal stresses of 35MPa (tensile) and 25MPa (compressive) on two mutually perpendicular planes, accompanied by shearing stresses of 10MPa on the same planes. The loading on the material is increased so that the stresses reach values of K times those given. If the max. direct stress is not to exceed 80MPa and the max shear stress is not to exceed 50 MPa, ﬁnd the max value of K. [16] 2. A weight of 2500 N is dropped on to a closely coiled compression spring with 15 coils. Calculate the height of drop before striking so that the spring is compressed by 20 cm. The dia. of rod is 25mm and mean dia. of coil is 200mm. Take N = 9 × 104 N/mm2 . [16] 3. An R.S.Tee-section, 150mm wide × 75mm deep, thickness of ﬂange 9mm, thickness of web 8.4mm, is used as a strut, 3 metre 4 long, ends hinged.Calculate the safe axial load by Rankine?s formula, using a factor of safety of 3. Rankines constants, f c = 315N/mm2 ; a = 1/ 7500. [16] 4. A horizontal strut 3m long is of-hollow circular section 16cm external dia. And internal dia. 14cm. It carries an end thrust of 300kN along with a u.d.l of 5kN/m. Assuming the ends as hinged and taking the self weight also into account, calculate the max. stress induced in the section (Density = 78.5kN/m3 ). [16] 5. A masonry dam of height 18m is of trapezoidal section, the top width being 4m and bottom width 8m. The dam is having water up to a depth of 15m on its vertical side. If the weight density of masonry is 20kN/m3 . Determine the max and minimum stress intensities at the base section. Sketch stress distribution.[16] 6. (a) Explain the graphical procedure of obtaining the principal moments of inertia by Mohr’s circle method. (b) Obtain graphically the principal moments of inertia for an unequal angle section 150 × 100 × 20mm . [8+8] 7. A semi circular beam of radius R, is supported on 3 equally spaced columns. If W is the load per unit length of the beam, derive expressions for B.M and twisting moments at any point P. and hence at supports. [16] 8. Using the method of joints ﬁnd out the forces in all the members of the simplysupported pin-jointed plane truss loaded as shown in ﬁgure 8. [16]

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Code No: R05220103

Set No. 4

Figure 8 ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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