Energy Conservation in Buildings: A Case of WALMI, Bhopal

-Parag Khare
B.Plan, Student, Dept. Of Arch. & Planning Maulana Azad National Institute Of Technology, Bhopal

ABSTRACT: By energy conservation, we mean the efforts made to reduce energy consumption. Energy conservation can be achieved through increased efficient energy use, in conjunction with decreased energy consumption and/or reduced consumption from conventional energy sources. As we are running out of energy, energy conservation has become the need of the hour, Looking to the dwindling sources of energy and the danger of climatic deterioration caused by high carbon emissions, energy efficient buildings are the necessity of today. This paper enumerates the various methods of bringing in energy efficiency. Energy can be conserved through design of energy efficient buildings. Energy conservation can result in increased financial capital, environmental quality, national security, personal security, and human comfort. It introduces the Bureau of Energy Efficiency BEE (a national body) and presents an overview of the “Energy Conservation Building Code” (ECBC). In this paper a case study of WALMI (Water and Land Management Institute), Bhopal has been presented in detail. Despite its huge campus spread over an area of 10800 square meters surprisingly, it uses only electricity which is generated locally in its campus through use of photovoltaic. It is planned to virtually eliminate electric lights during day time. There is no municipal disposal on the site and is being managed by the two gobar gas plants. The bio-climate consideration of the building design along with thoughtful incorporation of passive measures would ensure thermal and visual comfort in the building round the year with minimal energy usage. Some more “Energy Efficient” buildings of India are also mentioned. Efficiently design homes and offices can cut energy bill substantially. The Bureau of Energy Efficiency, the relevant code and the Star Rating program, will go a long way to encourage energy efficiency. This program will help identify the careless owners who are frittering away the precious sources of energy. Continued support from the State Governments and the private sector is essential for the success of the program. In view of fast depleting energy reserves, energy conservation is need of the hour. Thus, we need to wake up and act and -act very fast before it is too late. Keywords: BEE (Bureau of Energy Efficiency), ECBC, Energy Conservation Building Code

INTRODUCTION:The Building Energy Rating Certificate (BER) is part of the Energy Performance of Buildings EU Directive. The aim of the Directive, which first came into force in Ireland on 4 January 2003, is to make the energy performance of a building transparent and available to potential purchasers or tenants. Then it became a practice in India also, from 27th may 2007. The BER is simply a check to see how good your house is at using energy and will measure how much energy and carbon your house may typically use or produce over a given year. It is only concerned with the fabric of the dwelling and does not take account of occupant behaviour.

Some possible ways for bringing in energy efficiency:Reduce consumption of conventional sources of energy. (Electricity, coal, petroleum, gas, wood). Use of C.F.L., L.E.D. etc.; Use renewable sources of energy ( Sun, wind, tides, waterfalls, Gobar-gas); Construct “Solar-Passive”

electrical systems (power factors and transformers). heating ventilation and air conditioning equipment. ENERGY CONSERVATION BUILDING CODES:Energy conservation building codes are mechanism to prescribe energy use/conservation in commercial buildings. component based (prescriptive). Solar Passive Architecture means. As per the codes its compliance requires three types of approaches i. roofs. building envelopes (walls. manufacturers. Furthermore the building is surrounded by large airy corridors on all sides with large windows for the proper ventilations of air and light saving during the day time . provision of sun-breakers. Use of trees for obstructing solar heat. lighting (indoor and outdoor). etc. system based (trade-off).buildings. These codes promotes participation of various stake holders like building industries.The Environmental Performance Index (EPI) is a method of quantifying and numerically benchmarking the environmental performance of a country's policies. for cooling the input of air by colder temperatures below the ground level. by the leaves of neighboring plants.a renowned architect from Mumbai who has also won an international award . professional. Bhopal the building was designed by Mr Sen Kapadia .e. Base case simulation models where develop on the basis of extensive data of construction types and materials. Environmental Performance Index :EPI . insulation materials. deep verandahs. Certification of Energy Efficient buildings :. glass types. for natural ventilation of buildings. Use of “Venturi effect” of winds parallel to ground. Absorption of solar heat during photosynthesis.A “Star Rating” is given by BEE indicating the relevant level of efficiency. These codes are formed to comply with energy consumption norms and standards and to prepare and implement schemes for its efficient use and conservation state governments have power to amend building codes to suits local and regional climatic conditions. Green environment. government agencies. whole building design analysis. A stringency level for each code was established after stringency analysis through detail energy and life cycle cost analysis. Energy conservation building codes set the minimum energy efficiency standards for design and construction at the same time in encourage energy efficient design without constrain on the building function comfort health or the productivity of the occupants with proper regard for economic considerations. The star rating label is depicted on the next page. Day light integration for various spaces. windows). Firstly it uses thermocol sheets about 40 mm thick on to the ceiling with a cladding of tiles to prevent excess penetration of heat down the roof. the code was launched by hon’ble union minister of power on 27th may 2007 after consideration of comments on a draft version. roof-sheds. Insulated ceilings.Apart from the traditional and conventional methods of energy conservation it also uses several other measures to enhance upon its BER . Use of underground tunnel around the building. The codes aim at maximizing building envelops benefits to encourage better design and at the same time addresses local design conditions and construction practices. . WALMI Bhopal Conjecturing the case of WALMI.In addition there lies a central cooling channel wherein water flows throughout the building which helps bring down the temperature inside by 2 to 3 degree centigrade . solar water heating and pumping. Use of upward draft of warm air for ventilation.

The building is half submerge in ground and is half above the ground which help maintaining three different levels of temperature on the building . The underground portion experiences lower temperature .thereby making it a self sustained bulding .It uses two large biogas plants to generate electricity for all its purposes . the portion above the ground has higher temperature and the superstructure of the building maintains a moderate temperature which further strengthens the base of the building as the setting temperature of cement at 100% strength is 11degree centigrade . .