# Code No: RR311403

Set No. 1

III B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, November 2007 FINITE ELEMENT METHOD (Mechatronics) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. Explain the following with neat sketches. (a) Mathematical Finite Element method. (b) Physical Finite Element Method. [8+8]

2. Derive the ﬁnite element equations from the one dimensional second order equation by variational approach. [16] 3. The members (1) and (2) are circular in cross section with diameters of 10 cm and 20 cm respectively. Determine the displacement at the node where load is acting.{As shown in the Figure3} [16]

Figure 3 4. Derive the elemental stiﬀness matrix and load vector for two noded beam element? [16] 5. (a) Show that the value of the shape function N1 of node i and node k of a simplex triangular element is zero and at node 1 is one. (b) The (x, y) coordinates of the nodes i, j and k of a triangular element are (1, 1), (4, 2) and (3, 5) respectively. The shape functions of a point P located inside the element are given by N1 = 0.15 and N2 = 0.25. Determine the x and y coordinates of the point P. [6+10] 6. Derive the element conductivity matrix and load vector for solving 1-D heat conduction problems, if one of the surfaces is exposed to a heat transfer coeﬃcient of h and ambient temperature of T∞? [16] 7. Find the natural frequencies and the corresponding mode shapes for the longitudinal vibrations for the stepped bar. Assume A1 = 2A and A2 = A ;I1 = I2 = I & ; E1 = E2 = E. [8+8] 1 of 2

Code No: RR311403 8. Establish Jacobian matrix for a Tetrahedron element. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

Set No. 1
[16]

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Code No: RR311403

Set No. 2

III B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, November 2007 FINITE ELEMENT METHOD (Mechatronics) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. If a displacement ﬁeld is described as follows, u = (-x2 + 2y 2 + 6xy)10−4 and v = (3x + 6y - y2 )10−4 Determine the strain components ∈xx , ∈yy , and ∈xy at the point x=1 ; y = 0. [16] 2. Derive stiﬀness equations for a bar element from the one dimensional second order equation by variated approach. [16] 3. For the pin jointed truss shown in ﬁgure. If E = 200 Gpa, determine{As shown in the Figure3} (a) Element stiﬀness matrices (b) Global stiﬀness matrix (c) Stress in the element 1 (d) Strain in the element 2 [6+4+3+3]

Figure 3 4. Calculate the deﬂection at the center of the beam as shown in ﬁgure4. Take E = 220 Gpa; A = 40 mm × 40 mm. [16]

Figure 4 1 of 2

Code No: RR311403

Set No. 2

5. On a four nodal quadrilateral plane stress element the nodes are (0, 0), (6, 2), (6, 6) and (1, 5). A concentrated load whose x and y components are 10 kN, 16 kN respectively is applied at a point (4, 5). Find the equivqlent nodal forces and the displacement of nodes. [16] 6. Consider a brick wall (0.7 W/m K) of thickness 30 cm. The inner surface is at 280 C and the outer surface is exposed to cold air with heat transfer coeﬃcient of 36 W/m2 K at -150 C. Determine the steady state temperature distribution and heat ﬂux through the wall. [8+8] 7. Find the natural frequencies and the corresponding mode shapes for the longitudinal vibrations for the stepped bar. Assume A1 = 2A and A2 = A ;I1 = I2 = I & ; E1 = E2 = E. [8+8] 8. Write a short notes on (a) Convergence requirements (b) Mesh preparation for tetrahedral element (c) Shape Function for tetrahedral element. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [6+4+4]

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Code No: RR311403

Set No. 3

III B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, November 2007 FINITE ELEMENT METHOD (Mechatronics) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. Determine the circumference of a circle of radius ‘r’ using the basic principles of ﬁnite element method. [16] 2. Derive stiﬀness equations for a bar element from the one dimensional second order equation by variated approach. [16] 3. Estimate the displacement vector, stresses and reactions for the truss structure as shown below Figure3:

Figure 3 Note: - Area is not given and assumed as A(e) = 1mm2 ‘E’ is not given. Assumed as E=2×105 N/mm2 [16] 4. Derive the elemental stiﬀness matrix and load vector for two noded beam element? [16] 5. (a) Explain about Local Co-ordinate system. (b) The nodal coordinates and its functional value of a triangular linear element is given below. Calculate the value at (20, 6). [6+10] Node 1 Node 2 Node 3 Co-ordinates Value (13,1) 190 (25,6) 160 (13,13) 185

6. Consider a brick wall (0.7 W/m K) of thickness 30 cm. The inner surface is at 280 C and the outer surface is exposed to cold air with heat transfer coeﬃcient of 36 W/m2 K at -150 C. Determine the steady state temperature distribution and heat ﬂux through the wall. [8+8]

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Code No: RR311403

Set No. 3

7. Derive the elemental jumped and consistant mass matrices for 1-D bar element and 1-D plane truss element? [16] 8. (a) What is the necessity of determining Von misses stresses in ﬁnite element static analysis? (b) Brieﬂy explain about ANSYS software package. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [8+8]

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Code No: RR311403

Set No. 4

III B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, November 2007 FINITE ELEMENT METHOD (Mechatronics) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. What are the basic steps involved in ﬁnite element analysis and explain them brieﬂy. [3+13] 2. Derive stiﬀness equations for a bar element from the one dimensional second order equation by variated approach. [16] 3. Estimate the displacement vector, stresses and reactions for the truss structure as shown below Figure3:

Figure 3 Note: - Area is not given and assumed as A(e) = 1mm2 ‘E’ is not given. Assumed as E=2×105 N/mm2 [16] 4. A cantilever beam is loaded with point load at end and Uniform distributed load throughout the beam of length L m. Explain how will you proceed with the solution using FEM? [16] 5. The coordinates of the nodes 1, 2 and 3 of a triangular element are (1, 1), (8, 4) and (2, 7) in mm. The displacements at the nodes are u1 = 1 mm, u2 = 3 mm, u3 = -2 mm, v1 = -4 mm , v2 = 2 mm and v3 = 5 mm. Obtain the strain-displacement relation matrix B and determine the strains εx , εy and γxy . [16] 6. A composite wall consists of 4 cm thick wood, 10 cm glass ﬁber insulation, and 1 cm thick plaster. If the temperature on wood and plaster faces are 200 C and -200 C respectively. Determine the temperature distribution in the wall. Assume the thermal conductivity of wood, glass ﬁber and plaster are 0.17,0.035and 0.5W/m K respectively and colder side heat transfer coeﬃcient is 25 W/m2 K. [16] 7. Derive the elemental jumped and consistant mass matrices for 1-D bar element and 1-D plane truss element? [16]

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Code No: RR311403

Set No. 4

8. (a) How do you calculate the element stresses for 3-Dimensional body? (b) Derive the element stiﬀness term and force term for four noded tetrahedral elements. [8+8] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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