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1. Show your understanding of literary and non-literary prose by citing examples and discussing them.

450 words (You may give the source)

Ans:
Most prose is non-literary, for example scholarly and scientific books, papers and articles. Guidebooks, manuals, laws and most letters are also non-literary Prose is ordinary language that people use in writing such as poetry, stories, editorials, books, etc. The word prose is derived from the Latin word 'prosa' meaning straightforward. Prose comes in two types of text - narrative and expository. Narrative text is defined as "something that is narrated such as a story. Expository text is nonfiction reading material such as Description, Analysis, Classification etc. Translation of Poems When a poem, especially an epic poem such as the Iliad, is translated from one language into another, the poem is often converted into prose. to poetic measures and is usually grouped into paragraphs. Prose lacks a specific rhythm or the rhymes that can be found in poetry. Poetry aims to convey ideas and emotional experiences through the use of meter, rhyme, imagery in a carefully constructed metrical structure based on rhythmic patterns. What is Prose Poetry? Prose poetry combines the characteristics of poetry with the apparent appearance of prose containing traces of metrical structure or verse. Prose poetry deliberately breaks some of the normal rules of prose to create heightened imagery or emotional effect. What is Free Verse? Free verse is a form of poetry which uses fewer rules and limitations using either rhymed or unrhymed lines that have no set fixed metrical pattern. The early 20th-century poets were the first to write what they called "free verse" which allowed them to break from the formula and rigidity of traditional poetry.

5.

Give the meanings of thephrasal verbs used in the following sentences. (i)
Ans: (ii) Ans: (iii) Ans: (iv) Ans: (v) Ans:

Why should anyone blow his or her own trumpet?


WHY SHOULD ANYONE SELF PRAISE OR CLAIM THEIR OWN SUCCESSES. No break through has been made so far in the murder case NO PROGRESS HAS BEEN MADE SO FAR IN THE MURDER CASE. I have called offthe meeting. I HAVE CANCELLED THE MEETING. I can read between the lines. I CAN UNDERSTAND THE HIDDEN MEANINGS . You can see a sea change in her behaviour I CAN SEE A BIG CHANGE IN HER BEHAVIOUR .

ANS 6: Rhetoric is a study of useful arguments. I find the study interesting. It was oncepart of the very basis of education and along with reading and writing it was the "3ed R." Laterthis was replaced with "arithmetic" and all 3Rs became absorbed under the notion of effectivecommunication. (However, I think that there is value to the separation and overlapping study.)Today some of the study of rhetoric may still be found in the areas of marketing and advertising.We are bombarded with this constantly but our education too often has not given us the tools tounderstand the rhetoric involved.Each of these names suggests something of where the company is putting its efforts. The Teslabesides providing us with the great looking Roadster is known as an electric car that works. It isright to be named after an inventive genius. Aptera (wingless bird) has concentrated onaerodynamics and may be in a good position to win the X prize. Tango (and Commuter Cars) areknown for the capacity to lane split and therefore pack more cars on to existing highways (forcommuting.) They have a very impressive vehicle that could be much cheaper if mass produced.But the study of rhetoric is more than just rhetoric devices. It requires an understanding of yourlisteners and their mood. Often rhetoric involves a current event and a history. If your listenersare general society then it is all of popular culture that you must hold in your hands