KNOW YOURSELF KNOW OTHERS (KYKO

)

Instrument Development and Validation
Calibration of Items and Measurement of Persons
On Five Dimensions of Character Traits

2012

Contents
Page
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

Research Objectives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

Methodology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

5

Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

5

Data Collection Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

5

Sample . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6

Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6

Rasch Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

7

Data Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

8

Stage 1: Visual Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

8

Stage 2: Cleaning by Removal of Misfitting Persons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

8

Person and Item Separation Reliabilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

12

Egocentric Dimension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

12

Manipulative Dimension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

14

Self-Actualization Dimension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

14

Security Dimension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

15

Socio-centric Dimension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

16

Equating Items Across the Five Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

17

Scale Conversion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

28

Lookup Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

41

Category Descriptors for Ranges of Measures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

44

Conclusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

45

LIST OF TABLES
Table 1. Distribution of Respondents by Ethnicity and Gender . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6

Table 2. Number of Respondents after Visual Cleaning of Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

8

Table 3 Top Misfitting Persons from Independent Runs of each Dimension . . . . .

9

Table 4 Persons with Infit and Outfit Mean Squares ≥ 2.5 to be Removed . . . . . .

11

Table 5 Summary Statistics for Egocentric Dimension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

13

Table 6 Item Infit and Outfit Mean Square for Egocentric Dimension . .. . . . . . . . .

13

Table 7 Summary Statistics for Manipulative Dimension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

14

Table 8 Item Infit and Outfit Mean Squares for Manipulative Dimension . . . . . . . .

14

Table 9 Summary Statistics for Self-Actualization Dimension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

15

Table 10 Item Infit and Outfit Mean Squares for Self-Actualization Dimension . . .

15

Table 11 Summary Statistics for Security Dimension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

16

Table 12 Item Infit and Outfit Mean Squares for Security Dimension . . . . . . . . . .

16

Page
Table 13 Summary Statistics for Socio-centric Dimension . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . .

17

Table 14 Item Infit and Outfit Mean Squares for Socio-centric Dimension . . . . . .

17

Table 15 Item Calibrations for All 150 KYKO Undergraduate Instrument Equated
on All Five Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

18

Table 16 Examples of Different Measures in Logits for the Same Raw Score on
the Different Dimensions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

19

Table 17 Undergraduates Person Measures on the Five Dimensions from
Equating Run . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

20

Table 18 Summary of Person Measure Statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

28

Table 19 Undergraduate Person Measures on All Five Dimensions in Thaus . . . .

30

Table 20 Look-up Table for All Five Dimensions: Converting Scores into Logits
and Thaus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

41

Table 21 Range of Standard Deviations for Equal Percent of Persons in Five
Intensity Categories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

44

LIST OF FIGURES
Figure 1. Single Data Matrix for Responses of All Respondents . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

7

Figure 2. Wright Maps Showing Distribution of Persons on the Five
Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

27

KNOW YOURSELF KNOW OTHERS (KYKO)
Validation and Calibration of Items
for the KYKO Instrument
Introduction
Psychometric personality tests have been used by organizations and educational
institutions for human resource functions and human capital development as part of their
recruitment, selection, career fit, retention, training and development process. The number
of psychometric instruments particularly the hybrids of existing personality tests has
increased tremendously over the last few decades. Many of these tests are developed
based on one or two psychological theories while others are devoid of any psychological
theory. In view of the current existing psychometric personality tests, there is a need to
develop a psychometric personality test based on the six schools of personality theories.
Know Yourself Know Others (KYKO), was established by Bernard Tan Ah Thau based on
multiple theoretical constructs to enable us to see the personality of a person through the six
windows of personality theories. He combined the compatible views of the renowned
psychologists of existing theories to develop a five dimensional model via self actualization
dimension, egocentric dimension, sociocentric dimension, security dimension and
manipulative dimension. Each dimension is supported by well tested theories from a group
of relevant psychologists.
The purpose of this research paper is to validate the measurement and psychometric
properties of this instrument. KYKO provides the measurement of persons on five latent
dimensions of personality, using rating scales customized for her client’s requirement. The
different intensities of measures of any person on these five dimensions will enable a
qualitative description of the person in terms of personality traits, characteristics, attitudes
and patterns of behavior. To know a person as precisely as possible, needs an
understanding of the proportion of the intensities of their measure on these five dimensions,
which are measured through a calibration of the five dimensions on a common scale using
Rasch Analysis.
Research Objectives
The purpose of this study is to develop a psychometric instrument for the measurement of
latent personality traits based on five identified dimensions of human characteristics. The
five dimensions are the five basic latent variables, namely, (1) manipulative (M), (2)
Egocentric (E), (3) Security (SE), (4) Self-Actualization (SA) and (5) Socio-centric (SO).
Both the idiographic and nomothetic approaches are used in combination in order to be able
to describe, understand, predict, and control (when necessary) behavior. The specific
objectives are:
(a) to develop rating scale items for the measurement of these five dimensions;
(b) to establish the construct validity of the rating scale for the measurement of each of
the five dimensions;
(c) to calibrate all the items of the five dimensions, equated on to a common logit scale;

4

(d) to develop and establish a linear transformation of this logit scale into a derived linear
scale for practical applications;
(e) To establish the ranges of measures that may be meaningfully categorized as "Low",
"Fairly Low", "Average", "Fairly High" and "High" on both the logit scale and the
corresponding linear transformation scale.
Thirty 30 items were generated for each of the five dimensions. This gives the instrument a
total of 150 items. The items are self-report statements on the variable from "High" to "Low"
intensity are distributed evenly across the continuum. Hence there are items stated in
reverse, which means that a person scoring high on that item reflect having a "Low"
measure on that dimension. For each dimension there are 15 items stated in reverse. All the
150 items will later be calibrated and their intensities thereby measured. As an example, a
statement directly reflecting High Egocentricity (HE) would be "I enjoy being in the centre of
attention" while an item stated in reverse and hence reflecting Low Egocentricity (LE) would
be "I avoid being in the limelight". Each Item is rated by respondents according to the extent
to which they agree to the item, as it applies to themselves. There are seven points on the
Likert Scale, where "1" means that the respondent strongly disagrees that the item describes
them, and "7" means that the respondent strongly agrees that the item describes them.
Respondents would choose "4" if they are neutral on whether or not the item describes
them. If they are not neutral and yet do not agree strongly, they will make an estimate and
would choose "5" or "6" in between "neutral" and "strongly agree". Likewise, if they disagree
to a certain extent but not strongly, they will also make an estimate and decide between "3"
or "2".
7
6
5
4
3
2
1

Strongly Agree
Agree
Somewhat agree
Neutral
Somewhat Disagree
Disagree
Strongly Disagree

Methodology
Design
The design used for this study is the survey design but for the purpose of instrument
development as described under research objectives above.
Data Collection Procedure
The data collection procedure used was web-based where the subjects responded online
over a period of one week. the subjects were briefed face-to-face on the first day of the
week allocated them, and they were given the URL of the website to go to which was
http://www.kykobiz.com/products/ index.aspx, their user names and passwords. They were
also informed of the purpose of the survey and how to respond to of the items. Additionally,
subjects were also given the KYKO user manual guide with instructions on how to respond
to the rating scales, via email. They were informed that could write to the administrator at
the Open University should they have any further queries.

5

Each of the items uses the term "I" in order that the respondents reflect on it as it applies to
themselves. The specific instruction given with the online instrument reads:
Please read each self report statement carefully. Based on your perceptions and
experiences, tick 7 if you strongly agree and 1 if you strongly disagree. If you
neither agree nor disagree, tick 4. If you agree but not strongly tick 6 or 5. If you
disagree but not strongly tick 3 or 2.
Sample
Since this investigation if to develop and validate a psychometric instrument for the
measurement of five identified dimensions of human character, the appropriate sample
would be any persons who are able to understand statements of character and to evaluate
the extent to which each of the statements describe themselves. The accessible sample for
this study was a group of 500 undergraduates from the Open University Malaysia in Kuala
Lumpur, under the Iskandar Northern Corridor Project. All the 500 undergraduates were
identified by the administrator of the university.
Out of the 500 subjects identified and given user IDs and passwords, 483 responses were
received which is a response rate of 96.6%. These 483 respondents are of mixed gender
and ethnic origin. The distribution of respondents by gender and ethnicity is as shown in
Table 1.
Table 1. Distribution of Respondents by Ethnicity and Gender
Ethnicity
Gender
Number

Malays
M
148

Chinese
F
230

M
30

Indians
F
18

M
29

F
28

TOTAL
483

Analysis
Measurement has always been for the purpose of making comparisons. Comparisons may
be "within a person" for example, whether a person likes learning science more than he likes
learning the English language (hence leading to various specializations in their studies), or
"across different persons" such as which student in a class of 30 students has highest ability
in mathematics and who has the highest ability in the English language.
Comparisons require that the instrument of measure be linear. In the physical sciences, the
measurement of length needs the use of a linear instrument, the meter rule. One centimeter
on the meter rule between the markings "2" and "3" is the same length as the length
between the markings "89" and "90" or between any two adjacent markings for that matter.
Hence the meter rule is a linear instrument for the measurement of length, and is rightfully
called a "scale". A scale has to be linear.
Consider four persons, A, B, C and D responding to an item "Science is an important
subject" on a seven-point Likert scale, and suppose their responses are as follows:
Comparing Responses of Four Persons:
Person
A
B
6
1
Response
(Agree)

(Strongly Disagree)

6

C
7

D
2

(Strongly Agree)

(Disagree)

.
From the values in Table 1, does it mean the C agrees more than A (7 - 6 = 1) by as much
as D agrees more than B (2 - 1 = 1)? Does it also mean that two persons responding
"Agree" (6) are agreeing to the same intensity of agreement and are not different in their
levels of agreement? The answers are clearly "not necessarily so" which means that the
Likert scale is NOT linear and strictly speaking should not be referred to as a scale.
Rasch Analysis
The correction for this non-linearity issue is to linearism the raw responses into measures
(logits or log-odds units). This is done using Rasch Analysis which converts the raw scores
which ranges from the artificial floor or "1" to the artificial ceiling of "7") into measures on a
linear scale from minus infinity to plus infinity.
Rasch analysis will also provide the separation reliabilities for both the items and the
persons. The separation reliability is given by:

Separation 2
Separation Re liability 
1  Separation 2
where "separation" is defined as the ratio between the adjusted standard deviation and the
root mean square error of the measure.
Preparation for Rasch analysis begins with the setting up of the data matrix for analysis.
The data matrix is the set of responses (in columns) for all the persons, each person being in
one row. An example of a data matrix is as shown in Figure 1 below:

Respondent001
Respondent002
Respondent003
.. ……………. …..
.. ……………. …..
Respondent148
Respondent149
Respondent150

443642347442473446233456614744414474414444157555174544 ....
363341722243743336342363326322772344466243442544421334.....
477534133343653441334414744415446515456515455713754765.....
………………………………………………................................................……….…..….
……………………………………………………….…..….................................................
663333623337434363434337434433274443274444246446424444.....
467555445765545547514555156555156555157555175555611555.....
726336433223443347243452446442444477244644344744263444.....

Figure 1. Single Data Matrix for Responses of All Respondents
Rasch analysis simultaneously calibrates the items and measures the persons. For better
item calibrations, the data should be clean data. The data are not clean if there are
individuals who did not take the rating scale seriously and may randomly respond to all or
some of the items. Also, some respondents may not be consistent in their responses and
contradict themselves in different parts of the rating scale. Another instant of unclean data
will be when an individual responds to only a few items and leave the rest not responded to.
Generally, persons who leave 25% or more of the items should be removed from analysis for
item calibration. When the calibration has been completed, these persons may be reinstated into the data matrix, and the analysis done with item calibrations anchored on the
values obtained from analysis of the clean data. Hence, before the final analysis for person
measures, the data must first be cleaned.
7

Data Cleaning
There are two stages in the data cleaning process. Stage 1 is the visual cleaning and in
Stage 2, cleaning by removal of misfitting persons.
(a) Stage 1: Visual Cleaning
Of the 490 respondents, seven were found to have not responded to any item at all
and were removed from the data set for analysis. A further six were found not to
have responded to certain sections of the instrument and were also removed from
the data set for the purpose of item calibration. These six persons can be returned to
the data set when the items have been calibrated so that subsequent analyses for
the separate dimensions, will result in these persons getting their measures in the
respective dimensions for which they have responded. With the removal of these 13
respondents, we now have 477 persons for analysis for the items to be calibrated.
Table 2 below shows a summary of the number of persons used in the analyses after
the visual cleaning.
Table 2. Number of Respondents after Visual Cleaning of Data
Total Number of Persons Received in Data Set
Number of Persons With No Responses
Number of Persons With Strings of No Responses
Total Number of Persons Used for Item Calibration
Number of Persons Used For Their Measures On Each Dimension

490
7
6
477
483

This data matrix with 477 respondents and 150 items is then run through Rasch
analysis in a single run thereby getting all the items calibrated. This analysis in a
single step for all the five dimensions together, is for the purpose of "equating" the
items on the five dimensions so that they are comparable on a single scale. This
equating is made possible by the fact that all items on the five dimensions are
responded to by the same set of people and the equating is therefore called
"common persons equating". It is to be noted however, that person measures
obtained from this single matrix analysis have no meaningful variable to be described
by these measures, unless we would like to define the variable that consists of these
five dimensions as having meaning such as broadly calling it the "inherent
disposition" of the persons. Otherwise, these measures need not be looked at. The
final person measures will be those obtained on each of the five dimensions,
analyzed separately on each of them, with item calibrations anchored on values
obtained from the initial equating run of Rasch analysis.

(b) Stage 2: Cleaning by removal of Misfitting Persons
Before running the five different analyses to measure the persons on each of the five
dimensions, persons who are misfitting on each of the five dimensions must first be
removed. Five separate Rasch analyses were run, one for each set of 30 items of a
given dimension.

8

Misfitting Persons
Before the final analysis for item calibration, misfitting persons (if any) should be
removed. These five separate analyses of the 483 persons on each of the five
dimensions enable us to identify misfitting persons and to remove them from the item
calibration analysis. For this purpose, persons with BOTH infit and outfit mean
squares of ≥ 2.5 or EITHER ONE ≥ 3, are removed.
Table 3 shows the top misfitting persons in each independent analysis for each
dimension. Only the top misfitting person has part of the residuals shown in Table 3
while the rest of the misfitting persons are listed at the bottom of each dimension.
Table 4 shows a summary of the number of persons removed for the calibration
analysis.

Table 3 Top Misfitting Persons from Independent Runs of each Dimension
1. Egocentric (E)
KYKO Undergrad - Egocentric
UG483.E.OUT
INPUT: 483 PERSONS, 150 ITEMS MEASURED: 483 PERSONS, 30 ITEMS, 7 CATS
----------------------------------------------------------------------TABLE OF POORLY FITTING PERSONS
(ITEMS IN ENTRY ORDER)
NUMBER - NAME -- POSITION ------ MEASURE - INFIT (MNSQ) OUTFIT
271 6543 sharihan
RESPONSE:
1:
1
Z-RESIDUAL:
X

6 218
X

1
X

.21
9
X

10
X

RESPONSE:
Z-RESIDUAL:

11:

7
2

3
X

3
X

1
X

47
X

56 164
X
X

RESPONSE:
Z-RESIDUAL:

21:

3

3
-3

1
-3

15
X

1
X

97
X

4.3
21
X

A
1
X

4.8
1
1
X
X

87 157
X
X

4

1 199 135 247
-3
X
X
X

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2. Manipulative
KYKO Undergrad - Manupalative
UG483.M.OUT
INPUT: 483 PERSONS, 150 ITEMS MEASURED: 483 PERSONS, 30 ITEMS, 7 CATS
----------------------------------------------------------------------TABLE OF POORLY FITTING PERSONS
(ITEMS IN ENTRY ORDER)
NUMBER - NAME -- POSITION ------ MEASURE - INFIT (MNSQ) OUTFIT
202 6523 syamil
RESPONSE:
1:
Z-RESIDUAL:

7 183 156
X
X

.67
4.1
37 122 180 101
X
X
X
X

A
1
X

3.6
1
1
X
X

RESPONSE:
Z-RESIDUAL:

11: 170 211 181
X
X
X

7

1
-3

1
-3

7

7

7

1
X

RESPONSE:
Z-RESIDUAL:

21: 209
X

1
X

1
X

1
X

8
X

2
X

1
X

1
X

10
X

21
X

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

9

3. Self-Actualization (SA)
KYKO Undergraduate - Self-Actualization
UG483.SA.OUT
INPUT: 483 PERSONS, 150 ITEMS MEASURED: 483 PERSONS, 30 ITEMS, 7 CATS
------------------------------------------------------------------------TABLE OF POORLY FITTING PERSONS
(ITEMS IN ENTRY ORDER)
NUMBER - NAME -- POSITION ------ MEASURE - INFIT (MNSQ) OUTFIT
130 6500 zakie
RESPONSE:
1:
Z-RESIDUAL:

1
X

1
X

1
X

2
-2

.04
2
-3

2

5.0
2
-2

A
2
-3

6.1
2
2
-2

RESPONSE:
Z-RESIDUAL:

11:

1
X

2
-4

1
X

1
X

1
X

1
X

1
X

1
X

1
X

1
X

RESPONSE:
Z-RESIDUAL:

21:

1
X

1
X

1
X

2
-3

6

2
-3

1
X

1
X

1
X

1
X

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4. Security
KYKO Undergraduate - Security
UG483.SE.OUT
INPUT: 483 PERSONS, 150 ITEMS MEASURED: 483 PERSONS, 30 ITEMS, 7 CATS
----------------------------------------------------------------------TABLE OF POORLY FITTING PERSONS
(ITEMS IN ENTRY ORDER)
NUMBER - NAME -- POSITION ------ MEASURE - INFIT (MNSQ) OUTFIT
350 6566 siow_ying
RESPONSE:
1:
1
Z-RESIDUAL:
X

1
X

7
2

1
X

.51
1
X

1
X

3.3
1
X

A
1
X

1
X

5.0
1
X

RESPONSE:
Z-RESIDUAL:

11:

1
X

1
X

1
X

1
X

1
X

1
X

1
X

1
X

1
X

1
X

RESPONSE:
Z-RESIDUAL:

21:

1
X

1
X

62
X

1
X

1
X

1 207 114
X
X
X

79
X

6

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

5. Socio-centric
KYKO Undergraduate - Socio-centric
UG483SO.OUT
INPUT: 483 PERSONS, 150 ITEMS MEASURED: 483 PERSONS, 30 ITEMS, 7 CATS
----------------------------------------------------------------------TABLE OF POORLY FITTING PERSONS
(ITEMS IN ENTRY ORDER)
NUMBER - NAME -- POSITION ------ MEASURE - INFIT (MNSQ) OUTFIT
130 6500 zakie
RESPONSE:
1:
Z-RESIDUAL:

1
X

1
X

92
X

-.03
3.9
77 137 240 255
X
X
X
X

RESPONSE:
Z-RESIDUAL:

11: 171 230
X
X

2 239 224
-2
X
X

RESPONSE:
Z-RESIDUAL:

21:

92
X

1
X

1
X

77 137
X
X

80 154
X
X
240 255
X
X

A
5.0
44 188 66
X
X
X
3 201
X
X
2
-2

2

1
X
66
X

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

10

Table 4 Persons with Infit and Outfit Mean Squares ≥ 2.5 to be Removed
DIMENSION

Egocentric

Manipulative

SelfActualization

Security

Sociocentric

All
Dimensions

NUMBER - NAME - POSITION - MEASURE - INFIT (MNSQ) OUTFIT
271
130
37
202
174
136
242
313
350
132
154
205
219
459
208
20
202
130
449
37
136
49
306
205
350
132
271
368
130
37
271
308
306
202
132
402
350
130
271
242
415
37
168
26
374
202
136
205
130
271
37
136
202
205
208
449
350
70
81
313
242
365
402

6543
6500
6723
6523
6515
6757
6538
6554
6566
6756
6506
6392
6533
6827
6526
6477
6523
6500
6587
6723
6757
6484
6550
6392
6566
6756
6543
6573
6500
6723
6543
6551
6550
6523
6756
6579
6566
6500
6543
6538
6582
6723
6513
6479
6571
6523
6757
6392
6500
6543
6723
6757
6523
6392
6526
6587
6566
6489
6736
6554
6538
6570
6579

sharihan
zakie
yeong_hwai
syamil
khalil
danial87
hafizah
nur_hidaya
siow_ying
moganathas
roslan87
muhammad_d
munirah85
uthaya
helmi
anita76
syamil
zakie
syazrah
yeong_hwai
danial87
fatimahsha
anisah
muhammad_d
siow_ying
moganathas
sharihan
rohaizatul
zakie
yeong_hwai
sharihan
aziera
anisah
syamil
moganathas
shafinar
siow_ying
zakie
sharihan
hafizah
fatdillah
yeong_hwai
mohd_hasbu
azri
rofinaz
syamil
danial87
muhammad_d
zakie
sharihan
yeong_hwai
danial87
syamil
muhammad_d
helmi
syazrah
siow_ying
jai_ganesh
kalesh
nur_hidaya
hafizah
ridzuan_sh
shafinar

.21
.09
1.05
1.22
.08
.42
.16
.03
-.31
.52
.24
1.08
.21
1.08
.24
-.19
.67
.02
.36
.96
.55
.38
.15
1.07
-.19
.44
.18
.23
.04
1.60
.34
.57
.37
1.51
.79
.14
.51
.01
.23
-.12
-.10
.28
.00
-.05
-.12
.61
.61
.03
-.03
.33
1.51
1.51
1.51
.90
.15
1.01
-.07
.56
.46
.88
.22
-.03
.12

4.3
4.1
4.2
3.6
3.4
3.4
2.8
3.1
2.8
2.8
2.4
2.7
2.6
2.5
2.6
2.6
4.1
3.3
3.7
3.5
3.3
3.3
3.2
3.2
2.9
3.0
2.9
2.3
5.0
4.6
3.8
2.7
3.5
3.5
3.3
2.6
3.3
4.2
4.0
3.2
2.7
3.2
2.9
2.4
2.5
2.9
2.9
2.6
3.9
4.1
4.1
4.1
3.6
3.5
2.6
3.4
2.7
3.1
2.8
2.8
2.8
2.8
2.7

A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O

4.8
4.7
3.9
2.6
3.4
3.0
3.2
3.0
3.1
2.8
2.7
2.0
2.7
2.7
2.7
2.5
3.6
3.8
3.8
2.7
3.1
3.3
3.2
2.4
3.1
2.9
3.0
3.0
6.1
3.3
4.4
3.9
3.7
2.5
2.5
3.2
5.0
4.8
4.3
3.4
3.3
3.0
3.2
3.1
2.9
2.5
2.4
2.5
5.0
4.3
3.1
2.9
2.0
3.3
3.4
2.9
3.1
2.9
2.7
2.6
2.8
2.6
2.8
TOTAL

Different Misfitting Persons (not counting the overlapping persons):
6392; 6477; 6479; 6484; 6489; 6500; 6506; 6513; 6515;
6523; 6526; 6533; 6538; 6543; 6550; 6551; 6554; 6566;
6570; 6571; 6573; 6579; 6582; 6587; 6723; 6736; 6756;
6757; 6827.

11

TOTAL PERSONS
TO BE REMOVED

16

12

8

12

15

63
Total Different
Persons:
29

Notice that Table 4 shows that there are overlapping persons that are misfitting on
more than one dimension. The total number of persons to be removed will be the
total number of DIFFERENT persons on these five dimensions that are misfitting with
both fit statistics ≥ 2.5 or EITHER ONE ≥ 3.
Of the 63 counts of misfitting persons, there are only 29 DIFFERENT persons who
appear misfitting out of the 483 respondents (6%). This is because there are many
cases of overlapping persons who are misfitting on more than one of the five
dimensions. This shows that the data are already relatively clean even if these
misfitting persons are not removed. From the table we can see that respondents
who are misfitting on ALL five dimensions are those with IDs 6500 (zakie), 6523
(syamil), 6543 (sharihan), and 6723 (yeong_hwai). Three respondents are misfitting
on four of the five dimensions and they are 6392 (muhammad_d), 6566 (siow_ying),
6757 (danial87). The remaining misfitting persons are misfitting on one to three of
the five dimensions. At this stage, the data set is now cleaned both visually and
through the removal of misfitting persons.

Person and Item Separation Reliabilities
The 150 items on this instrument have been constructed based on expertise on the
respective dimensions and will not be altered unless found to be highly misfitting. To
investigate the Separation Reliabilities of persons and items, Rasch analysis was run on
each of the dimensions independently of the other four dimensions. There are 30 items in
each dimension.
Separation is defined as the number of Root Mean Square Error (RMSE) units within the
adjusted standard deviation of the measures. The adjusted standard deviation is obtained
after correcting the observed variance of the measures for the error variance, estimated by
taking the square of the RMSE. The separation reliability is then obtained using the
definition:

Separation Re liability 

Separation 2
1  Separation 2

The separation reliability is an indicator of how well the instrument has separated the
respondents on this variable if they are indeed different on this measure. The item
separation reliability shows how well items are separated to represent the different aspects
of the dimension. It indicates how large the variance is of the item measures, in terms of
how “difficult” it is for respondents to agree or disagree to.

1. Egocentric Dimension
Table 5 shows the summary statistics for the separate run of Rasch analysis on the
Egocentric dimension.
12

Table 5 Summary Statistics for Egocentric Dimension
_________________________________________________________________________________
KYKO Undergrad - Egocentric
UG483.E.OUT
INPUT: 483 PERSONS, 150 ITEMS MEASURED: 483 PERSONS, 30 ITEMS, 7 CATS
SUMMARY OF 483 MEASURED PERSONS
RAW
SCORE
COUNT
MEASURE
MEAN
134.6
29.8
.27
S.D.
14.6
1.4
.25
MAX.
180.0
30.0
1.22
MIN.
67.0
15.0
-.59
REAL RMSE
.15 ADJ.SD
.20
MODEL RMSE
.13 ADJ.SD
.21
S.E. OF PERSON MEAN = .01
VALID RESPONSES: 99.5%

MODEL
ERROR
.13
.01
.21
.13

SEPARATION
SEPARATION

INFIT
MNSQ
ZSTD
1.03
-.2
.61
2.2
4.34
8.2
.24
-4.8
1.32
1.55

OUTFIT
MNSQ
ZSTD
1.01
-.3
.61
2.1
4.79
8.4
.24
-4.5

PERSON RELIABILITY
PERSON RELIABILITY

.64
.71

SUMMARY OF 30 MEASURED ITEMS
RAW
MODEL
INFIT
OUTFIT
SCORE
COUNT
MEASURE
ERROR
MNSQ
ZSTD
MNSQ
ZSTD
MEAN
2166.5
480.4
.00
.03
1.01
.1
1.01
.1
S.D.
507.1
2.5
.53
.01
.18
3.0
.19
3.0
MAX.
2978.0
483.0
.98
.05
1.36
6.1
1.37
6.3
MIN.
1202.0
476.0
-1.02
.03
.61
-6.3
.58
-6.6
REAL RMSE
.04 ADJ.SD
.53 SEPARATION 14.88 ITEM
RELIABILITY 1.00
MODEL RMSE
.03 ADJ.SD
.53 SEPARATION 15.43 ITEM
RELIABILITY 1.00
S.E. OF ITEM MEAN = .10
DELETED:
120 ITEMS
UMEAN=.000 USCALE=1.000

The 30 items have a Separation Reliability of 1.00 which indicates a good spread of
item variations which are indicators of this dimension, to cover sufficient aspects of
the dimension for greater accuracy in the measurement of persons on the Egocentric
dimension. The Person Separation Reliability is 0.64 which indicates that the group
of respondents are closer together (less spread) than the items are on the Egocentric
dimension. Note that different groups of people will have different Person Separation
Reliabilities, depending on how they differ from each other on the dimension.
Table 6 Item Infit and Outfit Mean Square for Egocentric Dimension
NUMBER - NAME -- POSITION ------ MEASURE - INFIT (MNSQ) OUTFIT
70 Q070
.39
1.4
A
1.4
47 Q047
-.51
1.4
B
1.3

The largest infit and outfit mean squares are only 1.4 and these are for items 47 and
70. These items are not removed as misfitting because statistically unexpected
responses from 25 persons out of the 483 respondents and with their residuals of up
to 2. In reality, these responses are not misunderstood by the respondents but are
more likely to be due to individual variations in their actual feelings about themselves
on the varied aspects of the given dimension. We should note that while the
intended dimension for each item is the same, namely egocentric, indicators of this
dimension within each item varies in their nature to reflect what makes up egocentric.
Using the same arguments, analyses of Separation Reliabilities and item fit are made
for the Manipulative, Self-Actualization, Security and Socio-centric Dimensions.

13

2. Manipulative Dimension
Table 7 shows the summary statistics for the separate run of Rasch analysis on the
Manipulative dimension.
Table 7 Summary Statistics for Manipulative Dimension
________________________________________________________________
KYKO Undergrad - Manipulative
INPUT: 483 PERSONS, 150 ITEMS

UG483.M.OUT
MEASURED: 483 PERSONS, 30 ITEMS, 7 CATS

SUMMARY OF 483 MEASURED PERSONS
RAW
MODEL
SCORE
COUNT
MEASURE
ERROR
MEAN
135.4
29.8
.23
.13
S.D.
13.4
1.5
.20
.01
MAX.
187.0
30.0
1.40
.21
MIN.
62.0
13.0
-.29
.12
REAL RMSE
.14 ADJ.SD
.14 SEPARATION
MODEL RMSE
.13 ADJ.SD
.15 SEPARATION
S.E. OF PERSON MEAN = .01
VALID RESPONSES: 99.3%
SUMMARY OF 30 MEASURED ITEMS
RAW
SCORE
COUNT
MEAN
2179.4
479.8
S.D.
387.9
3.5
MAX.
2959.0
483.0
MIN.
1177.0
473.0
REAL RMSE
.03 ADJ.SD
MODEL RMSE
.03 ADJ.SD
S.E. OF ITEM MEAN = .07
DELETED:
120 ITEMS
UMEAN=.000 USCALE=1.000

INFIT
OUTFIT
MNSQ
ZSTD
MNSQ
ZSTD
1.03
-.3
1.00
-.4
.63
2.4
.61
2.3
4.07
7.0
3.85
7.6
.17
-5.8
.19
-5.3
.96 PERSON RELIABILITY .48
1.19 PERSON RELIABILITY .59

MODEL
INFIT
OUTFIT
MEASURE
ERROR
MNSQ
ZSTD
MNSQ
ZSTD
.00
.03
1.00
-.1
1.00
.1
.39
.00
.21
3.5
.21
3.5
.95
.05
1.50
7.9
1.53
8.1
-1.04
.03
.70
-5.2
.68
-5.1
.39 SEPARATION 11.57 ITEM
RELIABILITY .99
.39 SEPARATION 12.00 ITEM
RELIABILITY .99

The Item Separation Reliability of the instrument on the Manipulative dimension is
0.99, again showing a good spread of aspects of indicators of this dimension within
the 30 items. The Person Separation Reliability of 0.48 is smaller than that of the
Egocentric dimension showing that these 483 respondents are closer together on the
Manipulative dimension than they are on the Egocentric dimension.

Table 8 Item Infit and Outfit Mean Squares for Manipulative Dimension
NUMBER - NAME -- POSITION ------ MEASURE - INFIT (MNSQ) OUTFIT
1
77

Q001
Q077

-.05
.48

1.5
1.4

A
B

1.5
1.4

Table of item fit statistics above again shows that items are reasonably fitting to the
Manipulative dimension those with highest infit and outfit mean squares are with
values of 1.5 which are for items 1 and 77.
3. Self-Actualization Dimension
Table 9 shows the summary statistics for the separate run of Rasch analysis on the
Self Actualization dimension.

14

Table 9 Summary Statistics for Self-Actualization Dimension
________________________________________________________________
KYKO Undergraduate - Self-Actualization
UG483.SA.OUT
INPUT: 483 PERSONS, 150 ITEMS MEASURED: 483 PERSONS, 30 ITEMS, 7 CATS
SUMMARY OF 483 MEASURED PERSONS
RAW
MODEL
SCORE
COUNT
MEASURE
ERROR
MEAN
149.8
29.8
.53
.14
S.D.
17.1
1.2
.31
.01
MAX.
191.0
30.0
1.60
.25
MIN.
68.0
16.0
-.44
.13
REAL RMSE
.16 ADJ.SD
.27 SEPARATION
MODEL RMSE
.14 ADJ.SD
.28 SEPARATION
S.E. OF PERSON MEAN = .01
VALID RESPONSES: 99.5%
SUMMARY OF 30 MEASURED ITEMS
RAW
SCORE
COUNT
MEAN
2411.8
480.6
S.D.
479.0
2.9
MAX.
3084.0
483.0
MIN.
1233.0
474.0
REAL RMSE
.04 ADJ.SD
MODEL RMSE
.04 ADJ.SD
S.E. OF ITEM MEAN = .10

INFIT
OUTFIT
MNSQ
ZSTD
MNSQ
ZSTD
1.06
-.1
1.01
-.2
.61
2.0
.61
1.8
4.96
9.1
6.11
9.9
.17
-5.6
.16
-5.3
1.68 PERSON RELIABILITY .74
1.97 PERSON RELIABILITY .80

MODEL
INFIT
OUTFIT
MEASURE
ERROR
MNSQ
ZSTD
MNSQ
ZSTD
.00
.04
1.01
.1
1.01
.3
.56
.01
.24
3.5
.25
3.5
1.18
.06
1.73
9.2
1.84
9.7
-1.05
.03
.62
-6.2
.65
-5.2
.56 SEPARATION 14.24 ITEM
RELIABILITY 1.00
.56 SEPARATION 14.82 ITEM
RELIABILITY 1.00

DELETED:
120 ITEMS
UMEAN=.000 USCALE=1.000

Again the Item Separation Reliability is 1.00 as in the case of the Egocentric
dimension, showing a well spread out indicators or aspects of Self-Actualization that
are covered by the 30 items. The Person Separation Reliability of 0.74 shows that
these 150 respondents are more spread out (different) on the Self-Actualization
dimension than they are on the Egocentric or Manipulative dimensions.

Table 10 Item Infit and Outfit Mean Squares for Self-Actualization Dimension
NUMBER - NAME -- POSITION ------ MEASURE - INFIT (MNSQ) OUTFIT
52
25
36

Q052
Q025
Q036

1.18
.29
.75

1.7
1.3
1.4

A
B
C

1.8
1.4
1.4

The table of fit statistics of items shows that the highest values are below 2.0 and
they are for items 25, 36 and 52.

4. Security Dimension
Table 11 shows the summary statistics for the separate run of Rasch analysis on the
Security dimension.

15

Table 11 Summary Statistics for Security Dimension
________________________________________________________________
KYKO Undergrad - Security
INPUT: 483 PERSONS, 150 ITEMS

UG483.SE.OUT
MEASURED: 483 PERSONS, 30 ITEMS, 7 CATS

SUMMARY OF 483 MEASURED PERSONS
RAW
MODEL
SCORE
COUNT
MEASURE
ERROR
MEAN
132.9
29.7
.22
.13
S.D.
15.1
1.9
.21
.01
MAX.
168.0
30.0
.88
.20
MIN.
51.0
13.0
-.31
.13
REAL RMSE
.15 ADJ.SD
.15 SEPARATION
MODEL RMSE
.13 ADJ.SD
.16 SEPARATION
S.E. OF PERSON MEAN = .01
VALID RESPONSES: 99.1%
SUMMARY OF 30 MEASURED ITEMS
RAW
SCORE
COUNT
MEAN
2140.2
478.6
S.D.
522.0
4.0
MAX.
2995.0
483.0
MIN.
1083.0
473.0
REAL RMSE
.04 ADJ.SD
MODEL RMSE
.03 ADJ.SD
S.E. OF ITEM MEAN = .10
DELETED:
120 ITEMS
UMEAN=.000 USCALE=1.000

INFIT
OUTFIT
MNSQ
ZSTD
MNSQ
ZSTD
1.02
-.2
.99
-.3
.57
2.1
.60
2.0
4.18
7.9
4.96
8.4
.22
-4.8
.19
-4.4
1.01 PERSON RELIABILITY .50
1.21 PERSON RELIABILITY .59

MODEL
INFIT
OUTFIT
MEASURE
ERROR
MNSQ
ZSTD
MNSQ
ZSTD
.00
.03
.99
.0
1.00
.1
.53
.01
.16
2.6
.18
2.7
1.10
.05
1.25
4.2
1.23
4.2
-1.10
.03
.70
-4.8
.68
-4.8
.53 SEPARATION 15.10 ITEM
RELIABILITY 1.00
.53 SEPARATION 15.48 ITEM
RELIABILITY 1.00

The Item Separation Reliability of 1.00 shows a good spread of items on this Security
dimension, covering a wide spread of sense of security that can be felt or
experienced by a person. The respondents are as equally spread out on this
Security dimension as they are on the Manipulative dimension., as shown by the
Person Separation Reliability of 0.50.
Table 12 Item Infit and Outfit Mean Squares for Security Dimension
NUMBER - NAME -- POSITION ------ MEASURE - INFIT (MNSQ) OUTFIT
3 Q003
.70
1.2
A
1.2
95 Q095
-.31
1.2
B
1.2

Like the three dimensions earlier, the highest infit and outfit mean squares are 1.2
and they are for items 3 and 95. No items should be removed as they are functioning
as expected.

5. Socio-centric Dimension
Table 13 shows the summary statistics for the separate run of Rasch analysis on the
Socio-centric dimension. The table shows that respondents are spread out as much
as they are spread out on the Self-Actualization dimension which is much more than
they are spread out on the other three dimensions Egocentric, Manipulative, and
Security dimensions.

16

Table 13 Summary Statistics for Socio-centric Dimension
________________________________________________________________
KYKO Undergrad - Socio-centric
UG483.SE.OUT
INPUT: 483 PERSONS, 150 ITEMS MEASURED: 483 PERSONS, 30 ITEMS, 7 CATS
SUMMARY OF 483 MEASURED PERSONS
RAW
MODEL
SCORE
COUNT
MEASURE
ERROR
MEAN
145.1
29.8
.45
.14
S.D.
16.9
1.5
.31
.01
MAX.
186.0
30.0
1.51
.21
MIN.
66.0
16.0
-.20
.13
REAL RMSE
.16 ADJ.SD
.26 SEPARATION
MODEL RMSE
.14 ADJ.SD
.27 SEPARATION
S.E. OF PERSON MEAN = .01
VALID RESPONSES: 99.3%
SUMMARY OF 30 MEASURED ITEMS
RAW
SCORE
COUNT
MEAN
2335.5
479.5
S.D.
456.1
3.8
MAX.
2888.0
483.0
MIN.
968.0
472.0
REAL RMSE
.04 ADJ.SD
MODEL RMSE
.04 ADJ.SD
S.E. OF ITEM MEAN = .10
DELETED:
120 ITEMS
UMEAN=.000 USCALE=1.000

INFIT
OUTFIT
MNSQ
ZSTD
MNSQ
ZSTD
1.05
-.2
1.02
-.2
.63
2.1
.61
2.0
4.11
7.7
5.00
9.1
.24
-4.6
.24
-4.3
1.62 PERSON RELIABILITY .72
1.91 PERSON RELIABILITY .78

MODEL
INFIT
OUTFIT
MEASURE
ERROR
MNSQ
ZSTD
MNSQ
ZSTD
.00
.04
1.01
.1
1.03
.4
.53
.01
.18
2.6
.20
2.9
1.61
.05
1.38
5.7
1.43
6.8
-.71
.03
.72
-4.0
.72
-3.9
.53 SEPARATION 13.96 ITEM
RELIABILITY .99
.53 SEPARATION 14.48 ITEM
RELIABILITY 1.00

From the calibrations of these 150 items using the final cleaned dataset, an anchor
file is created which is used as an anchor file for the measurement of persons
through independent runs of the analysis of each dimension independently. Table 4
shows an example of person measures on the dimension of Self-Actualization,
obtained from an independent run using data after visual cleaning only.
Table 14 Item Infit and Outfit Mean Squares for Socio-centric Dimension
NUMBER - NAME -- POSITION ------ MEASURE - INFIT (MNSQ) OUTFIT
129 Q129
1.61
1.3
A
1.4
69 Q069
-.29
1.4
C
1.4

Equating Items Across the Five Dimensions
The 29 different misfitting persons are now removed from the data set and the
cleaned data set with 483 - 29 = 454 persons is re-analyzed to obtain the final item
calibrations. This time, all the five dimensions are analyzed together in one single
run of Rasch analysis, so that all the 150 items are calibrated on a single scale to
make person measures comparable to each other. In this way, the scales for the five
different dimensions are equated through "Common Persons Equating" in a "Single
Step" to enable comparability. Comparability is very important so as to enable the
interpretations of which dimensions the respondents are dominant on and which they
are not. Also, the different intensities of their measures across the five dimensions
enables a description of their profiles. Considering the fact that on each dimension a
person may measure anywhere on a large range of logits, the number of
combinations of different intensities of measures on the five dimensions can run into
a few million profiles.
17

Table 15 Item Calibrations for All 150 KYKO Undergraduate Instrument Equated on All
Five Dimensions

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22

CALIBRATION
0.04
-0.05
0.84
-0.85
-1.35
-0.41
-0.76
-1.13
-0.61
-0.48
0.66
-1.38
-0.73
-0.34
0.11
0.05
-0.28
-0.35
-1.00
-0.06
-0.01
-1.01

ERROR
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.05
0.06
0.04
0.05
0.06
0.04
0.04
0.03
0.07
0.05
0.04
0.03
0.03
0.04
0.04
0.05
0.03
0.03
0.05

ITEM
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72

CALIBRATION
0.09
1.07
0.35
-0.12
1.12
0.21
0.20
0.21
0.22
0.32
0.20
-0.05
0.66
0.53
0.47
0.11
-0.06
-0.01
-0.38
0.47
0.19
0.50

ERROR
0.03
0.04
0.03
0.03
0.04
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.04
0.03
0.03
0.03

ITEM
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122

CALIBRATION
-0.20
1.09
-0.04
-0.99
-0.04
1.07
0.01
0.02
0.30
-0.36
-0.61
0.78
-0.01
0.33
0.33
-0.66
1.07
-0.82
0.44
-0.27
-0.17
0.53

ERROR
0.03
0.04
0.03
0.05
0.03
0.04
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.04
0.04
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.04
0.04
0.05
0.03
0.04
0.03
0.03

23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38

-0.60
-1.18
0.12
-1.13
-0.47
-0.72
0.11
0.20
0.23
0.63
0.79
0.03
-0.02
0.58
-0.32
0.80

0.04
0.06
0.03
0.06
0.04
0.05
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.04
0.03

73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88

-0.48
0.27
-0.48
-0.02
0.63
-0.34
0.16
-0.72
-0.07
-0.76
-0.17
-0.09
-0.32
0.16
1.11
-0.24

0.04
0.03
0.04
0.03
0.03
0.04
0.03
0.05
0.03
0.05
0.03
0.03
0.04
0.03
0.04
0.04

123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138

-0.61
0.31
0.12
-0.17
0.30
-0.27
1.54
0.81
0.38
-0.32
0.67
-0.21
0.41
-0.58
0.14
-1.04

0.04
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.04
0.05
0.03
0.03
0.04
0.03
0.04
0.03
0.04
0.03
0.05

39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50

0.16
0.22
0.16
0.58
0.39
1.31
0.25
-0.02
-0.51
0.54
0.04
-0.09

0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.04
0.03
0.03
0.04
0.03
0.03
0.03

89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100

0.69
0.29
-0.16
-0.18
-0.52
-0.52
-0.23
-0.37
-0.26
0.76
-0.53
-0.79

0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.03
0.04
0.05

139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150

-0.42
-0.67
-0.56
0.42
0.19
0.76
-0.29
-0.30
0.03
0.50
0.58
0.39

0.04
0.04
0.04
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.04
0.04
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03

ITEM

18

Table 15 shows the item calibrations for all 150 items equated across all five
dimensions.
The final person measures on each dimension will be obtained by re-analyzing their
responses with the item calibrations anchored on the values obtained from the
equating analysis. An Item Anchor file is created for this purpose.
From the individual separate analyses anchored on the item calibrations from the
equating analysis, each person obtains five measures in logits, one for each
dimension. These measures and their corresponding raw scores are shown in Table
17. It is important to notice from Table 17 that the same raw score for two different
dimensions DOES NOT necessarily have the same measure on the two dimensions.
For example, a score of 140 has a measure of 0.44 logits on the Egocentric
dimension but the same raw score of 140 is 0.39 logits on the Manipulative scale,
0.12 logits on the Self-Actualization scale, 0.44 logits on the Security Scale (equal, in
this case) and 0.23 logits on the Socio-centric scale. As another example, a raw
score of 150 is equivalent to 0.62 logits on the Egocentric Scale, 0.56 logits on the
Manipulative Scale, 0.30 logits on the Self-Actualization Scale, 0.63 logits on the
Security Scale and 0.42 logits on the Socio-centric Scale. The reason is that raw
scores ARE NOT linear, and must therefore be converted into measures (logits) for
proper interpretation. Table 16 summarizes these examples.

Table 16 Examples of Different Measures in Logits for the Same Raw Score on the
Different Dimensions
Raw Scores
140
150

Egocentric
0.44
0.62

Equivalent Measure in Logits on the Five Dimensions
SelfManipulative
Security
Actualization
0.39
0.12
0.44
0.56
0.30
0.63

Socio-centricity
0.23
0.42

Graphic comparisons of person measures distributions on the five equated scales of
the five different dimensions can only be meaningful if they are plotted using
measures. Raw score lots will give a distorted view of the distributions and will lead
to erroneous interpretations. Figure 2 shows how this cohort of 150 undergraduates
are distributed on the five different dimensions.

19

Table 17 Undergraduates Person Measures on the Five Dimensions from Equating
Run
Egocentric
Name
ABC DEF
abdul_bash
Abqari
adi_fahmi
Adilah
Afifi
aishah91
Aisyah
Aizuddin
aizuddin87
Akmal
ali_ridha
Alif
Aliff
Amilia
Amirah
amirah_lya
amirah87
Amiza
Amran
anis_balkh
Anisah
anita76
Armadilla
Arunchelvi
Asaraf
Aslinda
Atikah
Atiqah
Attarmizi
Azhar
Aziera
Azimah
Azizul
azlan87
Azmaliza
Azreena
Azri
Azrina
Azrul
Azura
Azuwa
azuwa_aida
azwan_shah
Azwany
Badarudin
bao_yi
bao_ying
Bavani
boon_hooi
chandra_se
chang_yu
chean_gie
chee_hoong
chong_kok
Chongloon
danial87
Daryana
Diyana
Dzulkiflee
Ema
eu_jin
Ezzaty
Fadhly
Fadzli
Fadzlina
Fahmi

Manipulative

Self-Actualization

Security

Socio-centric

ID
6345
6507
6504
6595
6426
6596
6449
6460
6520
6647
6350
6597
6383
6509
6415
6352
6716
6475
6395
6598
6686
6550
6477
6599
6719
6501
6541
6454
6416
6524
6478
6551
6417
6623
6474
6600
6601
6479
6602
6480
6720
6354
6542
6603
6560
6481
6728
6729
6355
6744
6604
6722
6445
6726
6618
6779
6757
6578
6401
6842
6727
6752
6561
6521
6624
6356
6357

Scores

Logits

Scores

Logits

Scores

138
131
123
145
151
131
129
158
130
152
122
140
173
114
135
138
135
128
131
125
122
130
108
131
138
126
132
129
112
138
132
136
138
142
129
128
138
129
139
133
139
135
107
136
135
147
131
118
150
149
154
139
117
137
136
124
144
137
143
126
135
141
132
120
147
128
164

0.40
0.28
0.14
0.53
0.64
0.28
0.25
0.78
0.26
0.66
0.13
0.44
1.14
-0.01
0.35
0.40
0.35
0.23
0.28
0.18
0.13
0.26
-0.12
0.28
0.40
0.20
0.30
0.25
-0.05
0.40
0.30
0.37
0.40
0.48
0.25
0.23
0.40
0.25
0.42
0.32
0.42
0.35
-0.13
0.37
0.35
0.57
0.28
0.06
0.62
0.61
0.70
0.42
0.04
0.39
0.37
0.16
0.51
0.39
0.49
0.20
0.35
0.46
0.30
0.09
0.57
0.23
0.91

129
144
120
147
148
142
128
134
144
145
144
131
158
108
126
138
137
118
140
127
141
132
130
139
149
128
135
136
124
145
130
130
131
127
150
132
141
120
137
136
144
146
140
136
108
132
147
128
140
138
143
121
135
147
136
130
156
131
150
132
136
126
121
120
142
143
147

0.21
0.45
0.07
0.50
0.52
0.42
0.20
0.29
0.45
0.47
0.45
0.24
0.71
-0.11
0.16
0.35
0.34
0.04
0.39
0.18
0.40
0.26
0.23
0.37
0.54
0.20
0.31
0.32
0.13
0.47
0.23
0.23
0.24
0.18
0.56
0.26
0.40
0.07
0.34
0.32
0.45
0.49
0.39
0.32
-0.11
0.26
0.50
0.20
0.39
0.35
0.44
0.09
0.31
0.50
0.32
0.23
0.67
0.24
0.56
0.26
0.32
0.16
0.09
0.07
0.42
0.44
0.50

148
142
157
157
156
162
130
158
160
151
144
155
159
94
159
139
141
140
164
152
160
143
161
133
157
135
153
137
141
156
135
154
166
153
147
134
151
143
144
141
150
158
161
168
112
153
167
140
148
158
159
128
136
147
138
141
168
165
160
147
166
139
147
120
155
157
165

20

Logits
0.27
0.16
0.44
0.44
0.42
0.55
-0.05
0.46
0.50
0.32
0.19
0.40
0.48
-0.69
0.48
0.10
0.14
0.12
0.59
0.34
0.50
0.18
0.53
0.00
0.44
0.03
0.36
0.07
0.14
0.42
0.03
0.38
0.64
0.36
0.25
0.02
0.32
0.18
0.19
0.14
0.30
0.46
0.53
0.68
-0.36
0.36
0.66
0.12
0.27
0.46
0.48
-0.09
0.05
0.25
0.09
0.14
0.68
0.61
0.50
0.25
0.64
0.10
0.25
-0.22
0.40
0.44
0.61

Scores

Logits

Scores

Logits

122
135
159
140
149
144
118
126
145
140
105
125
151
132
144
137
157
150
129
109
152
139
129
127
152
129
124
128
121
137
134
132
124
140
123
154
127
118
147
133
140
133
116
143
121
129
142
121
132
133
146
124
134
125
123
117
156
133
140
149
138
124
111
120
148
144
141

0.13
0.35
0.82
0.44
0.61
0.52
0.06
0.20
0.53
0.44
-0.16
0.18
0.65
0.30
0.52
0.39
0.77
0.63
0.25
-0.09
0.67
0.42
0.25
0.21
0.67
0.25
0.16
0.23
0.11
0.39
0.33
0.30
0.16
0.44
0.14
0.71
0.21
0.06
0.57
0.32
0.44
0.32
0.03
0.50
0.11
0.25
0.48
0.11
0.30
0.32
0.55
0.16
0.33
0.18
0.14
0.04
0.75
0.32
0.44
0.61
0.41
0.16
-0.06
0.09
0.59
0.52
0.46

127
132
154
144
147
158
136
150
158
158
127
171
157
113
134
137
175
141
151
116
139
151
152
135
152
145
134
126
141
145
130
142
134
152
132
151
155
145
160
139
174
136
147
152
124
155
154
127
164
155
171
158
155
144
119
153
186
182
147
144
155
144
144
120
152
175
155

0.01
0.09
0.50
0.30
0.36
0.58
0.16
0.42
0.58
0.58
0.01
0.90
0.56
-0.22
0.13
0.18
1.02
0.25
0.44
-0.17
0.21
0.44
0.46
0.14
0.46
0.32
0.13
-0.01
0.25
0.32
0.06
0.27
0.13
0.46
0.09
0.44
0.52
0.32
0.63
0.21
0.99
0.16
0.36
0.46
-0.04
0.52
0.50
0.01
0.72
0.52
0.90
0.58
0.52
0.30
-0.12
0.48
1.42
1.26
0.36
0.30
0.52
0.30
0.30
-0.11
0.46
1.02
0.52

Egocentric
Name
Fairus
Faiz
faiz_anuar
Faizal
faizal87
Faizul
Fakarol
Farah
Fareez
Farhana
Farid
farid89
Farrid
Fatdillah
fatimahsha
Fatin
Firdaus
firdaus74
Fitkry
Fuad
fui_mee
Gaeithry
Gayathri
geok_lan
geok_suan
Gugen
Hafifi
Hafiz
Hafizah
hafizah88
Hajar
Hamidah
Hanief
Haryantie
Hatijah
Hazreen
Hazwani
Hazzida
Helmi
Hidayah
hidayah87
Hidayat
Hidayu
hooi_ming
Idrussaidi
Ikram
intan_sali
ismail81
Iswani
iswani85
it_liang
Izdarul
Izlihan
Izuddin
Izwan
Izzana
izzat91
Jaamunah
jai_ganesh
jamilah88
Jasvinderp
Jayan
Jazrina
Jegathis
Jeremiah
jevanathan
Jinwei
Juliza
jun_ming
Kalaimagal
Kalesh

Manipulative

Self-Actualization

Security

Socio-centric

ID
6699
6502
6510
6635
6637
6625
6638
6482
6511
6406
6483
6626
6627
6582
6484
6606
6512
6770
6503
6473
6362
6358
6361
6825
6826
6730
6646
6594
6538
6607
6701
6486
6525
6608
6583
6654
6553
6609
6526
6418
6655
6522
6419
6610
6384
6639
6731
6363
6420
6487
6755
6488
6364
6640
6514
6611
6393
6732
6489
6612
6733
6613
6734
6365
6614
6366
6799
6490
6821
6735
6736

Scores

Logits

Scores

Logits

Scores

123
144
128
153
164
130
124
135
144
125
122
131
151
117
122
121
120
132
113
119
123
131
134
136
126
151
122
119
129
145
111
119
122
170
145
124
112
120
134
141
123
138
127
122
129
139
150
134
128
140
144
147
157
134
134
118
140
81
138
144
122
136
127
136
136
131
145
130
117
148
157

0.14
0.51
0.23
0.68
0.91
0.26
0.16
0.35
0.51
0.18
0.13
0.28
0.64
0.04
0.13
0.11
0.09
0.30
-0.03
0.08
0.14
0.28
0.33
0.37
0.20
0.64
0.13
0.08
0.25
0.53
-0.06
0.08
0.13
1.06
0.53
0.16
-0.05
0.09
0.33
0.46
0.14
0.40
0.21
0.13
0.25
0.42
0.62
0.33
0.23
0.44
0.51
0.57
0.76
0.33
0.33
0.06
0.44
0.60
0.40
0.51
0.13
0.37
0.21
0.37
0.37
0.28
0.53
0.26
0.04
0.59
0.76

135
139
123
128
136
122
122
145
145
133
135
143
137
131
146
138
140
135
122
120
136
137
138
138
143
134
123
123
135
145
117
113
111
140
145
139
122
127
130
132
126
136
126
133
143
139
144
129
151
131
142
131
152
133
133
128
141
79
144
152
123
126
155
132
144
118
127
132
135
144
132

0.31
0.37
0.12
0.20
0.32
0.10
0.10
0.47
0.47
0.27
0.31
0.44
0.34
0.24
0.49
0.35
0.39
0.31
0.10
0.07
0.32
0.34
0.35
0.35
0.44
0.29
0.12
0.12
0.31
0.47
0.03
-0.03
-0.06
0.39
0.47
0.37
0.10
0.18
0.23
0.26
0.16
0.32
0.16
0.27
0.44
0.37
0.45
0.21
0.58
0.24
0.42
0.24
0.59
0.27
0.27
0.20
0.40
0.55
0.45
0.59
0.12
0.16
0.65
0.26
0.45
0.04
0.18
0.26
0.31
0.72
0.26

170
154
143
145
166
126
128
172
148
139
133
151
167
151
178
169
148
146
123
116
154
169
158
165
138
168
125
158
112
157
141
129
126
170
169
168
130
154
177
146
137
144
139
162
139
157
156
142
180
151
133
142
147
157
135
153
149
97
150
160
147
154
161
131
142
149
150
143
127
158
119

21

Logits
0.73
0.38
0.18
0.21
0.64
-0.12
-0.09
0.78
0.27
0.10
0.00
0.32
0.66
0.32
0.95
0.71
0.27
0.23
-0.17
-0.29
0.38
0.71
0.46
0.61
0.09
0.68
-0.14
0.46
-0.36
0.44
0.14
-0.07
-0.12
0.73
0.71
0.68
-0.05
0.38
0.92
0.23
0.07
0.19
0.10
0.55
0.10
0.44
0.42
0.16
1.01
0.32
0.00
0.16
0.25
0.44
0.03
0.36
0.29
1.22
0.30
0.50
0.25
0.38
0.53
-0.03
0.16
0.29
0.30
0.18
-0.10
0.46
-0.24

Scores

Logits

Scores

Logits

144
135
118
138
132
118
123
114
146
128
121
119
130
115
142
142
131
125
122
138
152
161
150
136
141
168
123
131
114
123
135
129
109
133
151
145
108
146
140
132
132
127
132
132
130
147
135
130
145
145
116
133
132
140
126
146
134
55
123
140
118
120
144
130
139
104
131
127
138
109
111

0.52
0.35
0.06
0.41
0.30
0.06
0.14
-0.01
0.55
0.23
0.11
0.08
0.26
0.01
0.48
0.48
0.28
0.18
0.13
0.41
0.67
0.86
0.63
0.37
0.46
1.03
0.14
0.28
-0.01
0.14
0.35
0.25
-0.09
0.32
0.65
0.53
-0.11
0.55
0.44
0.30
0.30
0.21
0.30
0.30
0.26
0.57
0.35
0.26
0.53
0.53
0.03
0.32
0.30
0.44
0.20
0.55
0.33
0.35
0.14
0.44
0.06
0.09
0.52
0.26
0.42
-0.18
0.28
0.21
0.41
0.41
-0.06

161
148
136
172
148
120
124
152
172
123
159
158
148
124
158
160
143
141
113
136
167
153
129
158
155
170
129
143
135
130
137
122
142
158
170
161
139
129
131
132
135
127
144
142
134
147
144
149
173
157
140
152
184
160
127
129
148
80
153
143
139
161
156
135
144
152
151
133
129
131
148

0.65
0.38
0.16
0.93
0.38
-0.11
-0.04
0.46
0.93
-0.06
0.60
0.58
0.38
-0.04
0.58
0.63
0.28
0.25
-0.22
0.16
0.79
0.48
0.04
0.58
0.52
0.87
0.04
0.28
0.14
0.06
0.18
-0.08
0.27
0.58
0.87
0.65
0.21
0.04
0.07
0.09
0.14
0.01
0.30
0.27
0.13
0.36
0.30
0.40
0.96
0.56
0.23
0.46
1.34
0.63
0.01
0.04
0.38
0.42
0.48
0.28
0.21
0.65
0.54
0.14
0.30
0.46
0.44
0.11
0.04
0.58
0.38

Egocentric
Name
Kaliamah
Kamilah
kanchana90
kanchana91
Kartina
Kasavan
Kasthuri
kaviarasu
kavindraan
kay_ric
kelvin_joh
Kelvinder
khadijah90
Khairah
Khairilfit
khairul_as
khairul_az
khairul_az
khairul_ha
khairul_ha
khairulmun
khairunnis
Khalil
khunthavi
kok_seng
komohdey
krishnavan
Kumari
Kupama
kwok_wei
lai_hong
lee_kiau
leelavathi
Letchumy
Liyana
logesswarr
Luqman
Lya
maadhavy
madhiyah
magesvary
Mahsuri
Maizatul
maniarasi
Masitah
Mastura
Maziah
Mazila
mazlan89
meau_sheng
mei_ting
meng_yee
mira_shazw
moganathas
moganavall
Mohan
mohanasund
mohd_abdul
mohd_faiza
mohd_hasbu
mooi_yuen
mudzaffar
Muhaira
muhammad_d
muhd_ariff
Mukhlis
Munir
munirah85
Muzamir
Nabila
Nabilah

Manipulative

Self-Actualization

Security

Socio-centric

ID
6368
6737
6370
6369
6491
6371
6738
6492
6615
6743
6739
6740
6450
6407
6493
6741
6494
6616
6742
6761
6495
6372
6515
6746
6822
6373
6747
6748
6374
6832
6823
6360
6749
6751
6661
6617
6641
6375
6376
6619
6377
6499
6684
6620
6621
6378
6783
6379
6622
6717
6750
6498
6380
6756
6381
6759
6760
6508
6636
6513
6724
6519
6645
6392
6532
6632
6527
6533
6648
6649
6784

Scores

Logits

Scores

Logits

Scores

157
148
150
150
120
131
176
142
129
119
151
132
121
136
131
149
129
136
140
108
152
134
124
144
130
149
146
148
143
146
122
125
139
156
110
123
125
132
137
115
122
131
128
145
141
134
143
129
143
136
129
116
122
150
142
135
163
127
152
119
114
141
148
175
134
145
114
132
136
129
160

0.76
0.59
0.62
0.62
0.09
0.28
1.22
0.48
0.25
0.08
0.64
0.30
0.11
0.37
0.28
0.61
0.25
0.37
0.44
0.26
0.66
0.33
0.16
0.51
0.26
0.61
0.55
0.59
0.49
0.55
0.13
0.18
0.42
0.74
-0.08
0.14
0.18
0.30
0.39
0.01
0.13
0.28
0.23
0.53
0.46
0.33
0.49
0.25
0.49
0.37
0.25
0.02
0.13
0.62
0.48
0.35
0.89
0.21
0.66
0.08
-0.01
0.46
0.59
1.19
0.33
0.53
-0.01
0.30
0.98
0.25
0.83

159
141
132
140
142
140
162
121
141
123
140
146
130
137
133
139
138
148
145
103
138
135
113
130
139
158
147
139
125
145
125
145
142
149
124
123
126
102
132
139
128
130
138
143
137
133
160
145
151
136
146
126
131
150
136
144
157
135
143
128
114
142
146
178
150
142
111
155
127
139
147

0.73
0.40
0.26
0.39
0.42
0.39
0.79
0.09
0.40
0.12
0.39
0.49
0.23
0.34
0.27
0.37
0.35
0.52
0.47
0.13
0.35
0.31
-0.03
0.23
0.37
0.71
0.50
0.37
0.15
0.47
0.15
0.47
0.42
0.54
0.13
0.12
0.16
-0.20
0.26
0.37
0.20
0.23
0.35
0.44
0.34
0.27
0.75
0.47
0.58
0.32
0.49
0.16
0.24
0.56
0.32
0.45
0.69
0.31
0.44
0.20
-0.02
0.42
0.49
1.20
0.56
0.42
-0.06
0.65
0.64
0.37
0.50

177
153
150
148
171
147
184
160
160
162
161
151
133
160
133
167
153
151
142
126
170
139
158
166
135
170
157
159
154
140
144
169
163
178
148
144
157
115
153
150
128
150
172
122
134
144
182
183
155
135
165
136
130
165
151
145
159
132
144
128
135
135
159
178
149
158
107
181
135
158
176

22

Logits
0.92
0.36
0.30
0.27
0.76
0.25
1.15
0.50
0.50
0.55
0.53
0.32
0.00
0.50
0.00
0.66
0.36
0.32
0.16
0.23
0.73
0.10
0.46
0.64
0.03
0.73
0.44
0.48
0.38
0.12
0.19
0.71
0.57
0.95
0.27
0.19
0.44
-0.31
0.36
0.30
-0.09
0.30
0.78
-0.19
0.02
0.19
1.08
1.12
0.40
0.03
0.61
0.05
-0.05
0.61
0.32
0.21
0.48
-0.02
0.19
-0.09
0.03
0.03
0.48
0.95
0.29
0.46
-0.45
1.05
0.45
0.46
0.89

Scores

Logits

Scores

Logits

139
141
132
132
125
133
138
123
119
117
135
115
118
129
122
144
143
137
118
61
126
136
134
147
135
156
143
131
148
124
117
150
144
153
123
130
146
128
141
138
130
124
148
115
136
144
139
148
140
135
137
130
120
147
154
118
120
121
134
121
121
135
149
123
124
142
119
161
51
132
134

0.42
0.46
0.30
0.30
0.18
0.32
0.41
0.14
0.08
0.04
0.35
0.01
0.06
0.25
0.13
0.52
0.50
0.39
0.06
0.47
0.20
0.37
0.33
0.57
0.35
0.75
0.50
0.28
0.59
0.16
0.04
0.63
0.52
0.69
0.14
0.26
0.55
0.23
0.46
0.41
0.26
0.16
0.59
0.01
0.37
0.52
0.42
0.59
0.44
0.35
0.39
0.26
0.09
0.57
0.71
0.06
0.09
0.11
0.33
0.11
0.11
0.35
0.61
0.14
0.16
0.48
0.08
0.86
0.07
0.30
0.33

158
149
164
164
147
144
179
127
148
152
165
160
131
142
137
155
131
156
133
105
158
137
147
164
151
127
150
138
166
167
154
165
163
145
124
133
147
122
139
140
116
129
159
141
145
141
131
172
155
150
160
151
142
155
152
136
155
140
163
129
128
152
165
168
157
170
129
167
81
146
162

0.58
0.40
0.72
0.72
0.36
0.30
1.15
0.01
0.38
0.46
0.74
0.63
0.07
0.27
0.18
0.52
0.07
0.54
0.11
0.34
0.58
0.18
0.36
0.72
0.44
0.01
0.42
0.19
0.77
0.79
0.50
0.74
0.70
0.32
-0.04
0.11
0.36
-0.08
0.21
0.23
-0.17
0.04
0.60
0.25
0.32
0.25
0.07
0.93
0.52
0.42
0.63
0.44
0.27
0.52
0.46
0.16
0.52
0.23
0.70
0.04
0.02
0.46
0.74
0.82
0.56
0.87
0.04
0.79
0.46
0.34
0.67

Egocentric
Name
Nabillah
Nadrifah
Nageesvary
naim87
naim88
Nashrah
Naufal
Nazaar
Nazar
Nazilla
Nazirah
nazirah87
nazri78
Nazrim
nethendraa
Nidzam
Nirmala
nizamuddin
noor_aini
noor_akma
noor_azima
noor_fatin
noor_fazil
noor_hiday
noor_hisha
noor_mala
noor_safur
noor_zurai
Noorana
Noorazlan
Noorhafifa
Noorhashim
nor_afifah
nor_aimi
nor_aini
nor_akram
nor_aliza
nor_azuin
nor_haslin
nor_sarini
nor_shahid
Noradilla
Norahifah
norain88
Noraisah
Noramyza
Norasiah
Norazida
norazlin80
norazlin86
Norazlina
Norazmira
Norazwan
Nordiyana
norhafizah
norhafizah
norharisha
norhaslind
norhasliza
Norhasni
norhayatee
Norhayati
norhayati9
norhidayah
normala_wa
Normally
normas_dhi
normas_she
Nornabilla
nornatasha
Norruhida

Manipulative

Self-Actualization

Security

Socio-centric

ID
6534
6396
6397
6394
6777
6476
6516
6385
6391
6650
6398
6535
6762
6386
6778
6633
6400
6536
6651
6537
6781
6652
6653
6539
6402
6782
6656
6657
6785
6540
6403
6404
6658
6405
6786
6763
6787
6659
6660
6409
6663
6664
6665
6410
6452
6788
6544
6666
6412
6411
6789
6667
6758
6790
6791
6545
6668
6669
6670
6453
6792
6672
6671
6793
6794
6673
6674
6841
6675
6546
6413

Scores

Logits

Scores

Logits

Scores

120
120
150
140
139
131
125
161
133
153
153
130
149
128
165
169
169
123
145
144
124
158
127
149
160
151
143
115
116
154
118
122
142
116
134
130
141
164
124
164
144
127
128
138
136
108
149
137
150
141
136
135
77
134
127
122
139
124
148
135
158
140
123
124
137
154
136
114
123
122
121

0.09
0.09
0.62
0.44
0.42
0.28
0.18
0.85
0.32
0.68
0.68
0.26
0.61
0.23
0.94
1.03
1.03
0.14
0.53
0.51
0.16
0.78
0.21
0.61
0.83
0.64
0.49
0.01
0.02
0.70
0.06
0.13
0.48
0.02
0.33
0.26
0.46
0.91
0.16
0.91
0.51
0.21
0.23
0.40
0.37
-0.12
0.61
0.39
0.62
0.46
0.37
0.35
0.34
0.33
0.21
0.13
0.42
0.16
0.59
0.35
0.78
0.44
0.14
0.16
0.39
0.70
0.37
0.49
0.14
0.13
0.11

123
142
132
151
141
140
128
151
125
141
152
130
143
143
159
135
152
130
152
147
120
148
123
144
153
159
134
136
139
125
128
121
134
126
126
131
141
187
129
147
150
136
145
151
133
115
143
120
145
134
139
153
77
136
145
121
122
124
148
141
150
140
121
136
129
144
136
113
127
124
127

0.12
0.42
0.26
0.58
0.40
0.39
0.20
0.58
0.15
0.40
0.59
0.23
0.44
0.44
0.73
0.31
0.59
0.23
0.59
0.50
0.07
0.52
0.12
0.45
0.61
0.73
0.29
0.32
0.37
0.15
0.20
0.09
0.29
0.16
0.16
0.24
0.40
1.53
0.21
0.50
0.56
0.32
0.47
0.58
0.27
0.00
0.44
0.07
0.47
0.29
0.37
0.61
0.22
0.32
0.47
0.09
0.10
0.13
0.52
0.40
0.56
0.39
0.09
0.32
0.21
0.45
0.32
0.46
0.18
0.13
0.18

118
147
150
158
149
164
146
161
125
174
158
147
156
146
163
170
153
162
169
172
117
166
127
163
159
180
161
170
160
156
155
130
174
135
148
114
163
138
131
168
169
146
163
164
161
151
150
140
158
160
179
165
129
142
159
135
152
151
160
145
171
157
120
146
153
153
159
144
160
107
118

23

Logits
-0.26
0.25
0.30
0.46
0.29
0.59
0.23
0.53
-0.14
0.84
0.46
0.25
0.42
0.23
0.57
0.73
0.36
0.55
0.71
0.78
-0.27
0.64
-0.10
0.57
0.48
1.01
0.53
0.73
0.50
0.42
0.40
-0.05
0.84
0.03
0.27
-0.33
0.57
0.09
-0.03
0.68
0.71
0.23
0.57
0.59
0.53
0.32
0.30
0.12
0.46
0.50
0.98
0.61
0.30
0.16
0.48
0.03
0.34
0.32
0.50
0.21
0.76
0.44
-0.22
0.23
0.36
0.36
0.48
0.79
0.50
-0.45
-0.26

Scores

Logits

Scores

Logits

124
146
132
146
134
136
118
146
136
124
149
147
142
128
147
132
151
126
138
147
116
143
131
152
150
144
123
144
129
148
139
126
119
118
131
124
143
153
135
162
125
126
135
141
144
120
151
130
165
134
130
148
53
104
134
125
135
118
143
144
151
136
128
122
141
137
153
131
147
123
115

0.16
0.55
0.30
0.55
0.33
0.37
0.06
0.55
0.37
0.16
0.61
0.57
0.48
0.23
0.57
0.30
0.65
0.20
0.41
0.57
0.03
0.50
0.28
0.67
0.63
0.52
0.14
0.52
0.25
0.59
0.42
0.20
0.08
0.06
0.28
0.16
0.50
0.69
0.35
0.88
0.18
0.20
0.35
0.46
0.52
0.09
0.65
0.26
0.95
0.33
0.26
0.59
0.15
-0.18
0.33
0.18
0.35
0.06
0.50
0.52
0.65
0.37
0.23
0.13
0.46
0.39
0.69
0.70
0.57
0.14
0.01

126
148
164
142
160
161
143
166
135
147
175
161
150
150
161
154
170
128
163
138
124
161
136
139
168
143
139
160
131
145
153
126
142
120
128
119
168
137
141
163
156
133
143
155
161
166
159
130
150
134
155
156
78
135
143
132
135
155
154
159
154
150
138
151
130
158
148
120
155
115
112

-0.01
0.38
0.72
0.27
0.63
0.65
0.28
0.77
0.14
0.36
1.02
0.65
0.42
0.42
0.65
0.50
0.87
0.02
0.70
0.19
-0.04
0.65
0.16
0.21
0.82
0.28
0.21
0.63
0.07
0.32
0.48
-0.01
0.27
-0.11
0.02
-0.12
0.82
0.18
0.25
0.70
0.54
0.11
0.28
0.52
0.65
0.77
0.60
0.06
0.42
0.13
0.52
0.54
0.36
0.14
0.28
0.09
0.14
0.52
0.50
0.60
0.50
0.42
0.19
0.44
0.06
0.58
0.38
0.80
0.52
-0.19
-0.24

Egocentric
Name
Norshahira
Norsyazwan
Norzeihan
Nourshamiz
nur_adilah
nur_ain
nur_faizah
nur_farhan
nur_hidaya
nur_izzati
nur_syazli
nur_tijan
Nuraini
Nuramalina
Nurasikin
Nurfarhana
Nurfatien
Nurhafzan
Nurmashuda
Nursalwani
Nurshuhana
Nursyafney
Nurtaliza
nurul_alia
nurul_ashi
nurul_awat
nurul_azwa
nurul_fitr
nurul_hami
nurul_syah
nurul_syaz
nurul_wahi
nurulain89
Nurulbadri
Nurulhanis
Nurulnadia
Panimalar
Patricia
pei_rong
peng_heng
Prabakaran
Prateeba
Priyataris
pui_hoon
Punithawat
Rabiatul
Rahaizat
rahimah81
Raihana
raja_azliz
Ramdzan
Rashid
Rasyid
Rasyidah
Rasyikah
Ratnadewi
Razeen
Razif
Revathi
Ridzuan
ridzuan_sh
rizal88
Rizman
Rofinaz
Rohaizad
Rohaizatul
rohana90
Rohani
Rohaya
rohaya87
Rohayatti

Manipulative

Self-Actualization

Security

Socio-centric

ID
6547
6676
6548
6642
6677
6414
6678
6552
6554
6679
6680
6422
6455
6549
6423
6353
6556
6767
6681
6456
6557
6424
6425
6682
6558
6795
6559
6562
6683
6796
6797
6564
6427
6565
6428
6429
6431
6801
6745
6800
6802
6803
6804
6725
6805
6567
6628
6806
6685
6568
6387
6629
6714
6408
6569
6432
6715
6634
6433
6505
6570
6687
6772
6571
6572
6573
6688
6457
6574
6689
6690

Scores

Logits

Scores

Logits

Scores

135
123
86
132
121
152
138
120
121
159
139
113
128
121
119
140
130
171
123
145
131
145
141
135
143
136
146
152
137
162
128
140
123
115
141
112
120
140
142
157
141
134
129
151
150
134
148
128
124
143
164
125
129
113
126
136
156
123
145
153
120
134
129
110
133
105
152
144
121
139
126

0.35
0.14
-0.53
0.30
0.11
0.66
0.40
0.09
0.11
0.81
0.42
-0.03
0.23
0.11
0.08
0.44
0.26
1.08
0.14
0.53
0.28
0.53
0.46
0.35
0.49
0.37
0.55
0.66
0.39
0.87
0.23
0.44
0.14
0.01
0.46
-0.05
0.09
0.44
0.73
0.76
0.46
0.33
0.25
0.64
0.62
0.33
0.59
0.23
0.16
0.49
0.91
0.18
0.25
-0.03
0.20
0.37
0.74
0.14
0.53
0.68
0.09
0.33
0.25
-0.08
0.32
-0.17
0.66
0.51
0.11
0.42
0.20

123
137
124
156
131
150
137
108
145
153
146
126
156
118
156
152
137
157
126
130
133
136
132
132
134
123
150
156
144
163
122
128
126
136
151
148
120
155
139
154
135
139
121
156
144
118
141
133
133
161
152
136
134
123
138
147
155
131
142
131
123
138
137
125
119
137
148
133
120
150
136

0.12
0.34
0.13
0.67
0.24
0.56
0.34
-0.11
0.47
0.61
0.49
0.16
0.67
0.04
0.67
0.59
0.34
0.69
0.16
0.23
0.27
0.32
0.26
0.26
0.29
0.12
0.56
0.67
0.45
0.81
0.10
0.20
0.16
0.32
0.58
0.52
0.07
0.65
0.98
0.63
0.31
0.37
0.09
0.67
0.45
0.04
0.40
0.27
0.27
0.77
0.59
0.32
0.29
0.12
0.35
0.50
0.65
0.24
0.42
0.24
0.12
0.35
0.34
0.15
0.06
0.34
0.52
0.27
0.07
0.56
0.32

160
165
144
157
135
161
151
134
175
159
153
152
148
120
181
155
125
177
123
131
139
167
156
160
159
151
157
174
163
174
149
174
158
150
157
131
159
171
128
170
144
174
120
144
163
122
152
161
171
177
156
135
141
130
145
158
186
141
164
146
120
145
161
150
120
137
153
160
113
180
167

24

Logits
0.50
0.61
0.19
0.44
0.03
0.53
0.32
0.02
0.86
0.48
0.36
0.34
0.27
-0.22
1.05
0.40
-0.14
0.92
-0.17
-0.03
0.10
0.66
0.42
0.50
0.48
0.32
0.44
0.84
0.57
0.84
0.29
0.84
0.46
0.30
0.44
-0.03
0.48
0.76
0.28
0.73
0.19
0.84
-0.22
0.19
0.57
-0.19
0.34
0.53
0.76
0.92
0.42
0.03
0.14
-0.05
0.21
0.46
1.23
0.14
0.59
0.23
-0.22
0.21
0.53
0.30
-0.22
0.07
0.36
0.50
-0.34
1.01
0.66

Scores

Logits

Scores

Logits

143
144
124
142
118
130
128
128
146
142
120
137
147
122
146
145
113
161
133
139
130
148
142
145
148
135
156
162
136
145
129
154
139
122
131
129
139
148
104
142
103
132
120
133
126
120
135
122
142
150
144
127
138
132
140
143
136
143
136
139
120
120
141
114
124
153
146
122
128
147
138

0.50
0.52
0.16
0.48
0.06
0.26
0.23
0.23
0.55
0.48
0.09
0.39
0.57
0.13
0.55
0.53
-0.03
0.86
0.32
0.42
0.26
0.59
0.48
0.53
0.59
0.35
0.75
0.88
0.37
0.53
0.25
0.71
0.42
0.13
0.28
0.25
0.42
0.59
0.28
0.48
-0.20
0.30
0.09
0.32
0.20
0.09
0.35
0.13
0.48
0.63
0.52
0.21
0.41
0.30
0.44
0.50
0.37
0.50
0.37
0.42
0.09
0.09
0.46
-0.01
0.16
0.69
0.55
0.13
0.23
0.57
0.41

145
153
131
169
139
148
144
124
167
176
155
147
153
116
164
141
132
175
118
134
133
151
153
156
153
143
155
176
143
165
136
160
148
125
157
137
133
170
145
166
131
150
123
166
165
118
151
169
162
167
166
133
150
128
114
148
177
143
157
158
120
134
148
135
120
139
156
170
122
156
140

0.32
0.48
0.07
0.85
0.21
0.38
0.30
-0.04
0.79
1.05
0.52
0.36
0.48
-0.17
0.72
0.25
0.09
1.02
-0.14
0.13
0.11
0.44
0.48
0.54
0.48
0.28
0.52
1.05
0.28
0.74
0.16
0.63
0.38
-0.03
0.56
0.18
0.11
0.87
1.01
0.77
0.07
0.42
-0.06
0.77
0.74
-0.14
0.44
0.85
0.67
0.79
0.77
0.11
0.42
0.02
-0.21
0.38
1.08
0.28
0.56
0.58
-0.11
0.13
0.38
0.14
-0.11
0.21
0.54
0.87
-0.08
0.54
0.23

Egocentric
Name
Rohisham
rosidah88
Rosilah
roslan78
roslan87
Roslee
rosli77
Rosmah
Rosmahani
Rosmaliza
Rozairi
Rozalina
Rozana
Rubini
rui_fen
Ruqaiah
Rusdiana
Rusila
Ruzaini
Sabrina
Safwan
Saidatul
saiful91
Sakinah
Sakiroh
Saleha
salina84
Saniyah
Saravanan
sarawanan
Sarina
Sathirao
sathyanath
Selvam
Shafinar
Shafinaz
Shafiq
Shafizi
Shahril
shahrul_ni
Shaliny
Shamini
Sharihan
Sharitha
Sharmila
Shartini
sharul_bar
sharul_mai
Shazuan
Shuhada
siew_hee
siew_theng
siew_ying
siow_ying
siti_amira
siti_faiza
siti_farha
siti_fatim
siti_hajar
siti_khadi
siti_mastu
siti_noor
siti_noriz
siti_rodhi
siti_syafi
Sobri
sobri86
sri_nirmal
Subaseni
Suffian
Suhaili

Manipulative

Self-Actualization

Security

Socio-centric

ID
6691
6692
6434
6435
6506
6807
6630
6693
6824
6575
6436
6576
6438
6808
6721
6694
6809
6585
6437
6439
6764
6695
6631
6577
6440
6662
6810
6441
6442
6443
6811
6812
6444
6367
6579
6563
6388
6643
6382
6813
6447
6840
6543
6696
6448
6605
6697
6698
6768
6421
6399
6798
6780
6566
6581
6814
6815
6700
6816
6702
6584
6451
6703
6817
6818
6528
6773
6461
6462
6765
6463

Scores

Logits

Scores

Logits

Scores

135
126
130
121
134
140
134
146
112
133
127
143
121
136
122
140
141
126
135
133
131
137
124
138
139
134
133
147
143
143
124
139
136
141
118
134
110
129
135
133
142
136
132
109
127
142
138
138
121
135
155
121
81
101
125
155
133
125
121
135
136
150
136
165
152
126
67
142
156
126
129

0.35
0.20
0.26
0.11
0.33
0.44
0.33
0.55
-0.05
0.32
0.21
0.49
0.11
0.37
0.13
0.44
0.46
0.20
0.35
0.32
0.28
0.39
0.16
0.40
0.42
0.33
0.32
0.57
0.49
0.49
0.16
0.42
0.37
0.46
0.06
0.33
-0.08
0.25
0.35
0.32
0.48
0.37
0.30
-0.10
0.21
0.48
0.40
0.40
0.11
0.35
0.72
0.11
0.86
-0.24
0.18
0.72
0.32
0.18
0.11
0.35
0.37
0.62
0.37
0.94
0.66
0.20
0.30
0.48
0.74
0.20
0.25

136
116
134
120
133
137
117
140
118
133
134
156
132
149
117
139
152
122
120
142
138
131
124
124
133
141
141
149
134
145
118
150
123
128
128
147
122
133
119
151
155
152
134
123
128
127
147
134
142
128
144
112
62
109
132
145
125
110
127
125
138
143
124
162
137
129
69
150
131
118
145

0.32
0.01
0.29
0.07
0.27
0.34
0.03
0.39
0.04
0.27
0.29
0.67
0.26
0.54
0.03
0.37
0.59
0.10
0.07
0.42
0.35
0.24
0.13
0.13
0.27
0.40
0.40
0.54
0.29
0.47
0.04
0.56
0.12
0.20
0.20
0.50
0.10
0.27
0.06
0.58
0.65
0.59
0.29
0.12
0.20
0.18
0.50
0.29
0.42
0.20
0.45
-0.05
0.50
-0.09
0.26
0.47
0.15
-0.08
0.18
0.15
0.35
0.44
0.13
0.79
0.34
0.21
0.25
0.56
0.24
0.04
0.47

156
128
142
136
149
145
158
145
123
150
145
157
125
172
135
171
155
164
137
174
148
149
133
155
147
151
137
144
162
144
127
141
126
135
129
157
143
131
131
148
150
176
141
137
148
173
150
165
128
131
165
137
87
139
143
156
122
127
157
158
157
175
159
178
171
131
68
167
157
125
167

25

Logits
0.42
-0.09
0.16
0.05
0.29
0.21
0.46
0.21
-0.17
0.30
0.21
0.44
-0.14
0.78
0.03
0.76
0.40
0.59
0.07
0.84
0.27
0.29
0.00
0.40
0.25
0.32
0.07
0.19
0.55
0.19
-0.10
0.14
-0.12
0.03
-0.07
0.44
0.18
-0.03
-0.03
0.27
0.30
0.89
0.14
0.07
0.27
0.81
0.30
0.61
-0.09
-0.03
0.61
0.07
0.73
0.10
0.18
0.42
-0.19
-0.10
0.44
0.46
0.44
0.86
0.48
0.95
0.76
-0.03
0.13
0.66
0.44
-0.14
0.66

Scores

Logits

Scores

Logits

126
129
124
127
145
135
155
127
132
129
135
134
120
152
117
137
143
141
107
152
124
142
122
126
140
136
140
135
146
146
130
141
131
143
122
149
130
130
131
127
144
140
135
103
142
116
124
131
132
132
134
127
55
151
134
148
121
153
138
148
135
145
147
138
146
117
51
155
139
111
137

0.20
0.25
0.16
0.21
0.53
0.35
0.73
0.21
0.30
0.25
0.35
0.33
0.09
0.67
0.04
0.39
0.50
0.46
-0.13
0.67
0.16
0.48
0.13
0.20
0.44
0.37
0.44
0.35
0.55
0.55
0.26
0.46
0.28
0.50
0.13
0.61
0.26
0.26
0.28
0.21
0.52
0.44
0.35
-0.20
0.48
0.03
0.16
0.28
0.30
0.30
0.33
0.21
0.35
0.65
0.33
0.59
0.11
0.69
0.41
0.59
0.35
0.53
0.57
0.41
0.55
0.04
0.17
0.73
0.42
-0.06
0.39

143
120
137
153
151
143
151
140
131
127
156
147
133
164
127
147
145
123
127
160
165
135
129
150
135
133
155
165
148
148
127
157
131
162
129
130
147
128
132
129
130
141
141
110
137
151
146
139
148
142
154
132
69
118
116
151
127
123
143
145
147
163
143
178
156
130
66
133
151
115
143

0.28
-0.11
0.18
0.48
0.44
0.28
0.44
0.23
0.07
0.01
0.54
0.36
0.11
0.72
0.01
0.36
0.32
-0.06
0.01
0.63
0.74
0.14
0.04
0.42
0.14
0.11
0.52
0.74
0.38
0.38
0.01
0.56
0.07
0.67
0.04
0.06
0.36
0.02
0.09
0.04
0.06
0.25
0.25
-0.27
0.18
0.44
0.34
0.21
0.38
0.27
0.50
0.09
0.25
-0.14
-0.17
0.44
0.01
-0.06
0.28
0.32
0.36
0.70
0.28
1.11
0.54
0.06
0.16
0.11
0.44
-0.19
0.28

Egocentric
Name
Suhana
Suliana
Suthakhar
syah_ismet
Syahanim
Syahmi
syahmi91
Syahrizul
Syaida
Syakir
Syamil
Syamsila
Syawal
syazana_at
Syazrah
theng_peow
tony_natha
ue_er
Umadevi
Umayr
Uthaya
valarmathy
vikneshmar
Wahida
Wardati
Wardatul
wei_fuh
wei_jing
wei_loon
wong_susan
yee_khan
yee_sheng
yee_wen
yen_pheng
yeong_hwai
Yogeswari
yoogenraw
Yunhan
Yusoff
Zafiszal
Zaidi
zaidi65
Zailani
zaim90
Zainab
zainul_abi
Zairul
Zakie
Zaleha
zamri87
Zanariah
Zarimah
Zarina
Zauyah
Zhuhdi
Zulhilmi
Zulshafiqa
Zuriah
Zuriati
Zuridah
Zurinaazni

Manipulative

Self-Actualization

Security

Socio-centric

ID
6705
6464
6465
6466
6820
6389
6529
6706
6467
6530
6523
6497
6518
6586
6587
6831
6588
6359
6468
6589
6827
6828
6829
6469
6590
6707
6446
6496
6708
6830
6819
6753
6718
6430
6723
6833
6470
6754
6591
6644
6766
6939
6834
6592
6458
6709
6351
6500
6459
6390
6835
6471
6836
6710
6531
6593
6711
6712
6555
6713
6472

Scores

Logits

Scores

Logits

Scores

128
141
138
144
130
139
118
130
151
125
180
120
136
127
135
142
115
131
153
130
175
152
176
128
119
150
136
116
117
160
119
132
125
148
174
145
133
138
129
132
125
138
145
114
138
136
165
125
137
145
134
138
128
131
128
137
140
139
124
130
123

0.23
0.46
0.40
0.51
0.26
0.42
0.06
0.26
0.64
0.18
1.34
0.09
0.37
0.21
0.35
0.48
0.01
0.28
0.68
0.26
1.19
0.66
1.22
0.23
0.08
0.62
0.37
0.02
0.04
0.83
0.08
0.30
0.18
0.59
1.16
0.53
0.32
0.40
0.25
0.30
0.18
0.40
0.53
-0.01
0.40
0.37
0.94
0.18
0.39
0.53
0.33
0.40
0.23
0.28
0.23
0.39
0.44
0.42
0.16
0.26
0.14

143
141
128
150
143
150
113
141
136
127
162
140
154
136
145
143
124
126
134
117
155
135
152
131
125
134
91
122
128
140
123
128
128
147
174
149
141
109
121
137
126
157
133
124
134
137
152
123
134
121
143
130
135
130
131
126
142
137
120
144
145

0.44
0.40
0.20
0.56
0.44
0.56
-0.03
0.40
0.32
0.18
0.79
0.39
0.63
0.32
0.47
0.44
0.13
0.16
0.29
0.03
0.65
0.31
0.59
0.24
0.15
0.29
-0.10
0.10
0.20
0.39
0.12
0.20
0.20
0.50
1.08
0.54
0.40
-0.09
0.09
0.34
0.61
0.69
0.27
0.13
0.29
0.34
0.59
0.12
0.29
0.09
0.44
0.23
0.31
0.23
0.24
0.16
0.42
0.34
0.07
0.45
0.47

153
179
137
148
156
148
136
159
162
127
189
151
175
136
171
137
171
154
172
120
164
181
167
150
122
157
123
173
158
166
127
136
152
164
191
170
160
108
145
137
127
178
144
133
144
148
161
123
160
154
144
142
141
126
131
151
166
162
125
137
164

26

Logits
0.36
0.98
0.07
0.27
0.42
0.27
0.05
0.48
0.55
-0.10
1.36
0.32
0.86
0.05
0.76
0.07
0.76
0.38
0.78
-0.22
0.59
1.05
0.66
0.30
-0.19
0.44
-0.05
0.81
0.46
0.64
-0.10
0.05
0.34
0.59
1.46
0.73
0.50
-0.43
0.21
0.07
0.15
0.95
0.19
0.00
0.19
0.27
0.53
-0.17
0.50
0.38
0.19
0.16
0.14
-0.12
-0.03
0.32
0.64
0.55
-0.14
0.07
0.59

Scores

Logits

Scores

Logits

144
140
125
144
137
141
105
132
135
114
156
139
143
123
139
117
130
125
145
109
132
147
136
129
131
132
109
111
110
140
102
113
127
132
138
145
128
116
134
129
103
138
146
127
124
152
144
122
157
157
143
161
152
132
124
131
136
142
125
133
141

0.52
0.44
0.18
0.52
0.39
0.46
-0.16
0.30
0.35
-0.01
0.75
0.42
0.50
0.14
0.42
0.04
0.26
0.18
0.53
-0.09
0.30
0.57
0.37
0.25
0.28
0.30
0.41
-0.06
-0.08
0.44
-0.21
-0.03
0.21
0.30
0.41
0.53
0.23
0.03
0.33
0.25
0.26
0.41
0.55
0.21
0.16
0.67
0.52
0.13
0.77
0.77
0.50
0.86
0.67
0.30
0.16
0.28
0.37
0.48
0.18
0.32
0.46

139
132
146
150
153
151
145
129
134
126
186
142
177
153
172
160
143
140
169
144
150
136
176
138
144
147
137
145
161
164
122
142
151
152
186
170
163
111
126
139
124
167
150
134
147
134
167
120
147
150
157
155
147
140
129
146
147
141
125
139
140

0.21
0.09
0.34
0.42
0.48
0.44
0.32
0.04
0.13
-0.01
1.42
0.27
1.08
0.48
0.93
0.63
0.28
0.23
0.85
0.30
0.42
0.16
1.05
0.19
0.30
0.36
0.75
0.32
0.65
0.72
-0.08
0.27
0.44
0.46
1.42
0.87
0.70
-0.26
-0.01
0.21
0.40
0.79
0.42
0.13
0.36
0.13
0.79
-0.11
0.36
0.42
0.56
0.52
0.36
0.23
0.04
0.34
0.36
0.25
-0.03
0.21
0.23

Figure 2 Wright Maps Showing Distribution of Persons on the Five Dimensions
KYKO Undergrad - Egocentric Equated
(483 PERSONS, 30 ITEMS, 7 CATS)
-------------------------------------------------PERSONS MAP OF ITEMS
<more>|<rare>
2
+
|
|
|
|
|
|
. |
. |T
. | Q087
Q102
1
. +
.# T|
.# | Q033
Q130
.## |S Q011
Q089
.#### S|
.####### | Q048
Q070
Q148
.########### M| Q119
.######## | Q074
Q090
.######### | Q059
Q079
Q086
Q143
.####### S|M
0
.## + Q002
Q021
Q034
# T| Q020
. | Q134
| Q097
|
. |S Q027
Q047
Q099
| Q023
Q141
| Q116
|
|
-1
+ Q022
Q104
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
-2
+
<less>|<frequ>
EACH '#' IS 8.

KYKO Undergrad - Manipulative Equate
(483 PERSONS, 30 ITEMS, 7 CATS)
-------------------------------------------------PERSONS MAP OF ITEMS
<more>|<rare>
2
+
|
|
|
|
. |
|
|
. |
. | Q055
1
. +
|T
. | Q144
.## T|
.##### | Q042
Q077
Q149
######## S|S
########## | Q043
Q131
.############ M| Q045
Q115
Q124
.######### | Q056
Q057
Q058
Q061
.######## S|M Q015
Q016
0
.## + Q001
Q035
Q103
Q113
.# T|
. | Q101
Q126
|S Q014
Q017
Q018
Q037
|
|
| Q136
|T
|
|
-1
+ Q019
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
-2
+
<less>|<frequ>
EACH '#' IS 8.

KYKO Underg - Self-Actualization Equated
(483 PERSONS, 30 ITEMS, 7 CATS)
-------------------------------------------------PERSONS MAP OF ITEMS
<more>|<rare>
2
+
|
|
|
|
. |
. |
|
. |
. | Q052
1
.## T+T
.# |
.### | Q038
.#### S|
.##### | Q036
########### |
.######### |S Q053
Q150
.######### M| Q109
Q127
.######### | Q039
Q040
Q041
.####### | Q025
Q051
Q137
0
.##### S+
.#### | Q050
Q054
.## |M Q121
.# T| Q128
Q132
. | Q006
Q110
| Q010
| Q009
. | Q140
|S Q004
Q007
|
-1
+
| Q008
Q026
| Q024
| Q005
| Q012
|T
|
|
|
|
-2
+
<less>|<frequ>
EACH '#' IS 6.

KYKO Undergrad - Security Equated
(483 PERSONS, 30 ITEMS, 7 CATS)
-------------------------------------------------PERSONS MAP OF ITEMS
<more>|<rare>
2
+
|
|
|
|
|
|
|T Q044
|
| Q106
Q117
1
. +
. |
.# T| Q003
.### |S Q063
Q133
.###### S| Q032
.######### | Q064
Q065
Q072
.########### |
.########### M| Q060
Q114
########## | Q030
Q031
.######## S|M
0
### + Q049
Q062
Q107
.# T| Q084
# | Q088
Q091
Q092
Q095
| Q085
Q146
| Q096
|S Q093
Q094
| Q123
|
| Q118
|
-1
+T Q138
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
-2
+
<less>|<frequ>
EACH '#' IS 7.

27

Q071

Q145

KYKO Undergrads - Socio-centric Equated
(483 PERSONS, 30 ITEMS, 7 CATS)
-------------------------------------------------PERSONS MAP OF ITEMS
<more>|<rare>
2
+
|
|
|
| Q129
. |
. |
. |
1
.# T+T
.## |
.##### | Q098
Q112
.##### S|
.######### |S Q122
############ M| Q135
Q142
.########## |
.######### S| Q029
Q066
Q125
0
.####### + Q046
Q067
Q068
Q076
Q108
Q147
.## |M Q081
Q083
.# T| Q120
| Q069
Q078
Q139
| Q073
Q075
|S Q111
| Q013
Q028
Q080
Q082
|
-1
+
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
-2
+

Q105

Q100

<less>|<frequ>
EACH '#' IS 7.

Scale Conversion
The logit scale for person measures has negative values as the measures are made on a
common scale of the item calibrations, and the scaling for item calibrations is centered on its
mean, thereby assigning the mean the value of zero. Items and persons measuring below
this mean, therefore have their measures as negative values. For convenience of reading
these measures, the logits obtained for the person measures may be re-scaled. A
convenient choice here would be to confine the new scale to a range within 0 to 100, and
having a mean of 50.
The conversion should be into another linear scale of the form:
New Measure (y) = expansion factor (p) x logits (t) + translation factor (m), that is,
y = pt + m
Table 18 Summary of Person Measure Statistics
Dimension
Egocentric (E)

Mean
(logits)
0.27

0.25

Model
Error
0.13

Maximum
(logits)
1.22

Minimum
(logits)
-0.59

S.D.

Manipulative (M)

0.23

0.20

0.13

1.40

-0.29

Self-Actualization (SA)

0.53

0.31

0.14

1.60

-0.44

Security (SE)

0.22

0.21

0.13

0.88

-0.31

Socio-centric (SO)

0.45

0.31

0.14

1.51

-0.20

28

Table 18 shows a summary of the mean person measures for each of the five dimensions
along with their respective standard deviations, model errors, maximum and minimum
measures. The overall person measures over the five dimensions range from -0.59 to 1.60.
The multiplicative factor may be approximated as L/6 1 where L is the maximum possible
score obtainable, which, for each 30 item dimension, is 30 x 7 = 210. Hence the
multiplicative factor is 210/6 = 35. This multiplicative factor will not cause any loss of
information as a change of one point on the raw scores is detectable on this new scale.
Hence the new scale transformation will be:
y = 35t + m
In logits, the whole range of possible scores from 30 to 210, covers a range from t = -6.00 to
t = +6.00. This gives 35t a range of values of -210 to 210. The choice of the translational
factor m is such that we avoid negative values of measures on the new scale. An
appropriate smallest value of m for this purpose will therefore be 210. We now have our
transformation equation as:
y = 35t + 210
Using this equation, all the person measures are converted and shown in Table 19. We
shall call the unit of these new measures as "thaus" in honor of the founder of these
instruments for the measurement of the five dimensions, Bernard Tan Ah Thau. For the
range of measures on these six dimensions from -6.00 to +6.50 logits, the range in thaus is
[35*(-6.00) + 210] to [35*(+6.50) + 210] which is from 0 to 440.
Table 19 shows all the person measures for Undergraduates on all the five dimensions in
both logits and their equivalent thaus.

1

Smith, Jr. (2004). Metric development and score reporting in Rasch Measurement. In Smith, E. V. and Smith,
R. M. (Eds.). Introduction to Rasch Measurement. Maple Grove: JAM Press.

29

Table 19 Undergraduate Person Measures on All Five Dimensions in Logits and Thaus
Name
ABC DEF
abdul_bash
abqari
adi_fahmi
adilah
afifi
aishah91
aisyah
aizuddin
aizuddin87
akmal
ali_ridha
alif
aliff
amilia
amirah
amirah_lya
amirah87
amiza
amran
anis_balkh
anisah
anita76
armadilla
arunchelvi
asaraf
aslinda
atikah
atiqah
attarmizi
azhar
aziera
azimah
azizul
azlan87
azmaliza
azreena
azri
azrina
azrul
azura
azuwa
azuwa_aida

ID
6345
6507
6504
6595
6426
6596
6449
6460
6520
6647
6350
6597
6383
6509
6415
6352
6716
6475
6395
6598
6686
6550
6477
6599
6719
6501
6541
6454
6416
6524
6478
6551
6417
6623
6474
6600
6601
6479
6602
6480
6720
6354
6542

Score
138
131
123
145
151
131
129
158
130
152
122
140
173
114
135
138
135
128
131
125
122
130
108
131
138
126
132
129
112
138
132
136
138
142
129
128
138
129
139
133
139
135
107

EGOCENTRIC
Logits
Thaus
0.40
224
0.28
220
0.14
215
0.53
229
0.64
232
0.28
220
0.25
219
0.78
237
0.26
219
0.66
233
0.13
215
0.44
225
1.14
250
-0.01
210
0.35
222
0.40
224
0.35
222
0.23
218
0.28
220
0.18
216
0.13
215
0.26
219
-0.12
206
0.28
220
0.40
224
0.20
217
0.30
221
0.25
219
-0.05
208
0.40
224
0.30
221
0.37
223
0.40
224
0.48
227
0.25
219
0.23
218
0.40
224
0.25
219
0.42
225
0.32
221
0.42
225
0.35
222
-0.13
205

MANIPULATIVE
Score
Logits
Thaus
129
0.21
217
144
0.45
226
120
0.07
212
147
0.50
228
148
0.52
228
142
0.42
225
128
0.20
217
134
0.29
220
144
0.45
226
145
0.47
226
144
0.45
226
131
0.24
218
158
0.71
235
108
-0.11
206
126
0.16
216
138
0.35
222
137
0.34
222
118
0.04
211
140
0.39
224
127
0.18
216
141
0.40
224
132
0.26
219
130
0.23
218
139
0.37
223
149
0.54
229
128
0.20
217
135
0.31
221
136
0.32
221
124
0.13
215
145
0.47
226
130
0.23
218
130
0.23
218
131
0.24
218
127
0.18
216
150
0.56
230
132
0.26
219
141
0.40
224
120
0.07
212
137
0.34
222
136
0.32
221
144
0.45
226
146
0.49
227
140
0.39
224

SELF-ACTUALIZATION
Score
Logits
Thaus
148
0.27
219
142
0.16
216
157
0.44
225
157
0.44
225
156
0.42
225
162
0.55
229
130
-0.05
208
158
0.46
226
160
0.50
228
151
0.32
221
144
0.19
217
155
0.40
224
159
0.48
227
94
-0.69
186
159
0.48
227
139
0.10
214
141
0.14
215
140
0.12
214
164
0.59
231
152
0.34
222
160
0.50
228
143
0.18
216
161
0.53
229
133
0.00
210
157
0.44
225
135
0.03
211
153
0.36
223
137
0.07
212
141
0.14
215
156
0.42
225
135
0.03
211
154
0.38
223
166
0.64
232
153
0.36
223
147
0.25
219
134
0.02
211
151
0.32
221
143
0.18
216
144
0.19
217
141
0.14
215
150
0.30
221
158
0.46
226
161
0.53
229

30

Score
122
135
159
140
149
144
118
126
145
140
105
125
151
132
144
137
157
150
129
109
152
139
129
127
152
129
124
128
121
137
134
132
124
140
123
154
127
118
147
133
140
133
116

SECURITY
Logits
Thaus
0.13
215
0.35
222
0.82
239
0.44
225
0.61
231
0.52
228
0.06
212
0.20
217
0.53
229
0.44
225
-0.16
204
0.18
216
0.65
233
0.30
221
0.52
228
0.39
224
0.77
237
0.63
232
0.25
219
-0.09
207
0.67
233
0.42
225
0.25
219
0.21
217
0.67
233
0.25
219
0.16
216
0.23
218
0.11
214
0.39
224
0.33
222
0.30
221
0.16
216
0.44
225
0.14
215
0.71
235
0.21
217
0.06
212
0.57
230
0.32
221
0.44
225
0.32
221
0.03
211

SOCIO-CENTRIC
Score
Logits
Thaus
127
0.01
210
132
0.09
213
154
0.50
228
144
0.30
221
147
0.36
223
158
0.58
230
136
0.16
216
150
0.42
225
158
0.58
230
158
0.58
230
127
0.01
210
171
0.90
242
157
0.56
230
113
-0.22
202
134
0.13
215
137
0.18
216
175
1.02
246
141
0.25
219
151
0.44
225
116
-0.17
204
139
0.21
217
151
0.44
225
152
0.46
226
135
0.14
215
152
0.46
226
145
0.32
221
134
0.13
215
126
-0.01
210
141
0.25
219
145
0.32
221
130
0.06
212
142
0.27
219
134
0.13
215
152
0.46
226
132
0.09
213
151
0.44
225
155
0.52
228
145
0.32
221
160
0.63
232
139
0.21
217
174
0.99
245
136
0.16
216
147
0.36
223

Name
azwan_shah
azwany
badarudin
bao_yi
bao_ying
bavani
boon_hooi
chandra_se
chang_yu
chean_gie
chee_hoong
chong_kok
chongloon
danial87
daryana
diyana
dzulkiflee
ema
eu_jin
ezzaty
fadhly
fadzli
fadzlina
fahmi
fairus
faiz
faiz_anuar
faizal
faizal87
faizul
fakarol
farah
fareez
farhana
farid
farid89
farrid
fatdillah
fatimahsha
fatin
firdaus
firdaus74
fitkry
fuad
fui_mee

ID
6603
6560
6481
6728
6729
6355
6744
6604
6722
6445
6726
6618
6779
6757
6578
6401
6842
6727
6752
6561
6521
6624
6356
6357
6699
6502
6510
6635
6637
6625
6638
6482
6511
6406
6483
6626
6627
6582
6484
6606
6512
6770
6503
6473
6362

Score
136
135
147
131
118
150
149
154
139
117
137
136
124
144
137
143
126
135
141
132
120
147
128
164
123
144
128
153
164
130
124
135
144
125
122
131
151
117
122
121
120
132
113
119
123

EGOCENTRIC
Logits
Thaus
0.37
223
0.35
222
0.57
230
0.28
220
0.06
212
0.62
232
0.61
231
0.70
235
0.42
225
0.04
211
0.39
224
0.37
223
0.16
216
0.51
228
0.39
224
0.49
227
0.20
217
0.35
222
0.46
226
0.30
221
0.09
213
0.57
230
0.23
218
0.91
242
0.14
215
0.51
228
0.23
218
0.68
234
0.91
242
0.26
219
0.16
216
0.35
222
0.51
228
0.18
216
0.13
215
0.28
220
0.64
232
0.04
211
0.13
215
0.11
214
0.09
213
0.30
221
-0.03
209
0.08
213
0.14
215

MANIPULATIVE
Score
Logits
Thaus
136
0.32
221
108
-0.11
206
132
0.26
219
147
0.50
228
128
0.20
217
140
0.39
224
138
0.35
222
143
0.44
225
121
0.09
213
135
0.31
221
147
0.50
228
136
0.32
221
130
0.23
218
156
0.67
233
131
0.24
218
150
0.56
230
132
0.26
219
136
0.32
221
126
0.16
216
121
0.09
213
120
0.07
212
142
0.42
225
143
0.44
225
147
0.50
228
135
0.31
221
139
0.37
223
123
0.12
214
128
0.20
217
136
0.32
221
122
0.10
214
122
0.10
214
145
0.47
226
145
0.47
226
133
0.27
219
135
0.31
221
143
0.44
225
137
0.34
222
131
0.24
218
146
0.49
227
138
0.35
222
140
0.39
224
135
0.31
221
122
0.10
214
120
0.07
212
136
0.32
221

SELF-ACTUALIZATION
Score
Logits
Thaus
168
0.68
234
112
-0.36
197
153
0.36
223
167
0.66
233
140
0.12
214
148
0.27
219
158
0.46
226
159
0.48
227
128
-0.09
207
136
0.05
212
147
0.25
219
138
0.09
213
141
0.14
215
168
0.68
234
165
0.61
231
160
0.50
228
147
0.25
219
166
0.64
232
139
0.10
214
147
0.25
219
120
-0.22
202
155
0.40
224
157
0.44
225
165
0.61
231
170
0.73
236
154
0.38
223
143
0.18
216
145
0.21
217
166
0.64
232
126
-0.12
206
128
-0.09
207
172
0.78
237
148
0.27
219
139
0.10
214
133
0.00
210
151
0.32
221
167
0.66
233
151
0.32
221
178
0.95
243
169
0.71
235
148
0.27
219
146
0.23
218
123
-0.17
204
116
-0.29
200
154
0.38
223

31

Score
143
121
129
142
121
132
133
146
124
134
125
123
117
156
133
140
149
138
124
111
120
148
144
141
144
135
118
138
132
118
123
114
146
128
121
119
130
115
142
142
131
125
122
138
152

SECURITY
Logits
Thaus
0.50
228
0.11
214
0.25
219
0.48
227
0.11
214
0.30
221
0.32
221
0.55
229
0.16
216
0.33
222
0.18
216
0.14
215
0.04
211
0.75
236
0.32
221
0.44
225
0.61
231
0.41
224
0.16
216
-0.06
208
0.09
213
0.59
231
0.52
228
0.46
226
0.52
228
0.35
222
0.06
212
0.41
224
0.30
221
0.06
212
0.14
215
-0.01
210
0.55
229
0.23
218
0.11
214
0.08
213
0.26
219
0.01
210
0.48
227
0.48
227
0.28
220
0.18
216
0.13
215
0.41
224
0.67
233

SOCIO-CENTRIC
Score
Logits
Thaus
152
0.46
226
124
-0.04
209
155
0.52
228
154
0.50
228
127
0.01
210
164
0.72
235
155
0.52
228
171
0.90
242
158
0.58
230
155
0.52
228
144
0.30
221
119
-0.12
206
153
0.48
227
186
1.42
260
182
1.26
254
147
0.36
223
144
0.30
221
155
0.52
228
144
0.30
221
144
0.30
221
120
-0.11
206
152
0.46
226
175
1.02
246
155
0.52
228
161
0.65
233
148
0.38
223
136
0.16
216
172
0.93
243
148
0.38
223
120
-0.11
206
124
-0.04
209
152
0.46
226
172
0.93
243
123
-0.06
208
159
0.60
231
158
0.58
230
148
0.38
223
124
-0.04
209
158
0.58
230
160
0.63
232
143
0.28
220
141
0.25
219
113
-0.22
202
136
0.16
216
167
0.79
238

Name

ID

gaeithry
gayathri
geok_lan
geok_suan
gugen
hafifi
hafiz
hafizah
hafizah88
hajar
hamidah
hanief
haryantie
hatijah
hazreen
hazwani
hazzida
helmi
hidayah
hidayah87
hidayat
hidayu
hooi_ming
idrussaidi
ikram
intan_sali
ismail81
iswani
iswani85
it_liang
izdarul
izlihan
izuddin
izwan
izzana
izzat91
jaamunah
jai_ganesh
jamilah88
jasvinderp
jayan
jazrina
jegathis
jeremiah
jevanathan

6358
6361
6825
6826
6730
6646
6594
6538
6607
6701
6486
6525
6608
6583
6654
6553
6609
6526
6418
6655
6522
6419
6610
6384
6639
6731
6363
6420
6487
6755
6488
6364
6640
6514
6611
6393
6732
6489
6612
6733
6613
6734
6365
6614
6366

Score
131
134
136
126
151
122
119
129
145
111
119
122
170
145
124
112
120
134
141
123
138
127
122
129
139
150
134
128
140
144
147
157
134
134
118
140
81
138
144
122
136
127
136
136
131

EGOCENTRIC
Logits
Thaus
0.28
220
0.33
222
0.37
223
0.20
217
0.64
232
0.13
215
0.08
213
0.25
219
0.53
229
-0.06
208
0.08
213
0.13
215
1.06
247
0.53
229
0.16
216
-0.05
208
0.09
213
0.33
222
0.46
226
0.14
215
0.40
224
0.21
217
0.13
215
0.25
219
0.42
225
0.62
232
0.33
222
0.23
218
0.44
225
0.51
228
0.57
230
0.76
237
0.33
222
0.33
222
0.06
212
0.44
225
0.60
231
0.40
224
0.51
228
0.13
215
0.37
223
0.21
217
0.37
223
0.37
223
0.28
220

MANIPULATIVE
Score
Logits
Thaus
137
0.34
222
138
0.35
222
138
0.35
222
143
0.44
225
134
0.29
220
123
0.12
214
123
0.12
214
135
0.31
221
145
0.47
226
117
0.03
211
113
-0.03
209
111
-0.06
208
140
0.39
224
145
0.47
226
139
0.37
223
122
0.10
214
127
0.18
216
130
0.23
218
132
0.26
219
126
0.16
216
136
0.32
221
126
0.16
216
133
0.27
219
143
0.44
225
139
0.37
223
144
0.45
226
129
0.21
217
151
0.58
230
131
0.24
218
142
0.42
225
131
0.24
218
152
0.59
231
133
0.27
219
133
0.27
219
128
0.20
217
141
0.40
224
79
0.55
229
144
0.45
226
152
0.59
231
123
0.12
214
126
0.16
216
155
0.65
233
132
0.26
219
144
0.45
226
118
0.04
211

SELF-ACTUALIZATION
Score
Logits
Thaus
169
0.71
235
158
0.46
226
165
0.61
231
138
0.09
213
168
0.68
234
125
-0.14
205
158
0.46
226
112
-0.36
197
157
0.44
225
141
0.14
215
129
-0.07
208
126
-0.12
206
170
0.73
236
169
0.71
235
168
0.68
234
130
-0.05
208
154
0.38
223
177
0.92
242
146
0.23
218
137
0.07
212
144
0.19
217
139
0.10
214
162
0.55
229
139
0.10
214
157
0.44
225
156
0.42
225
142
0.16
216
180
1.01
245
151
0.32
221
133
0.00
210
142
0.16
216
147
0.25
219
157
0.44
225
135
0.03
211
153
0.36
223
149
0.29
220
97
1.22
253
150
0.30
221
160
0.50
228
147
0.25
219
154
0.38
223
161
0.53
229
131
-0.03
209
142
0.16
216
149
0.29
220

32

Score
161
150
136
141
168
123
131
114
123
135
129
109
133
151
145
108
146
140
132
132
127
132
132
130
147
135
130
145
145
116
133
132
140
126
146
134
55
123
140
118
120
144
130
139
104

SECURITY
Logits
Thaus
0.86
240
0.63
232
0.37
223
0.46
226
1.03
246
0.14
215
0.28
220
-0.01
210
0.14
215
0.35
222
0.25
219
-0.09
207
0.32
221
0.65
233
0.53
229
-0.11
206
0.55
229
0.44
225
0.30
221
0.30
221
0.21
217
0.30
221
0.30
221
0.26
219
0.57
230
0.35
222
0.26
219
0.53
229
0.53
229
0.03
211
0.32
221
0.30
221
0.44
225
0.20
217
0.55
229
0.33
222
0.35
222
0.14
215
0.44
225
0.06
212
0.09
213
0.52
228
0.26
219
0.42
225
-0.18
204

SOCIO-CENTRIC
Score
Logits
Thaus
153
0.48
227
129
0.04
211
158
0.58
230
155
0.52
228
170
0.87
240
129
0.04
211
143
0.28
220
135
0.14
215
130
0.06
212
137
0.18
216
122
-0.08
207
142
0.27
219
158
0.58
230
170
0.87
240
161
0.65
233
139
0.21
217
129
0.04
211
131
0.07
212
132
0.09
213
135
0.14
215
127
0.01
210
144
0.30
221
142
0.27
219
134
0.13
215
147
0.36
223
144
0.30
221
149
0.40
224
173
0.96
244
157
0.56
230
140
0.23
218
152
0.46
226
184
1.34
257
160
0.63
232
127
0.01
210
129
0.04
211
148
0.38
223
80
0.42
225
153
0.48
227
143
0.28
220
139
0.21
217
161
0.65
233
156
0.54
229
135
0.14
215
144
0.30
221
152
0.46
226

Name
jinwei
juliza
jun_ming
kalaimagal
kalesh
kaliamah
kamilah
kanchana90
kanchana91
kartina
kasavan
kasthuri
kaviarasu
kavindraan
kay_ric
kelvin_joh
kelvinder
khadijah90
khairah
khairilfit
khairul_as
khairul_az
khairul_az
khairul_ha
khairul_ha
khairulmun
khairunnis
khalil
khunthavi
kok_seng
komohdey
krishnavan
kumari
kupama
kwok_wei
lai_hong
lee_kiau
leelavathi
letchumy
liyana
logesswarr
luqman
lya
maadhavy
madhiyah

ID
6799
6490
6821
6735
6736
6368
6737
6370
6369
6491
6371
6738
6492
6615
6743
6739
6740
6450
6407
6493
6741
6494
6616
6742
6761
6495
6372
6515
6746
6822
6373
6747
6748
6374
6832
6823
6360
6749
6751
6661
6617
6641
6375
6376
6619

Score
145
130
117
148
157
157
148
150
150
120
131
176
142
129
119
151
132
121
136
131
149
129
136
140
108
152
134
124
144
130
149
146
148
143
146
122
125
139
156
110
123
125
132
137
115

EGOCENTRIC
Logits
Thaus
0.53
229
0.26
219
0.04
211
0.59
231
0.76
237
0.76
237
0.59
231
0.62
232
0.62
232
0.09
213
0.28
220
1.22
253
0.48
227
0.25
219
0.08
213
0.64
232
0.30
221
0.11
214
0.37
223
0.28
220
0.61
231
0.25
219
0.37
223
0.44
225
0.26
219
0.66
233
0.33
222
0.16
216
0.51
228
0.26
219
0.61
231
0.55
229
0.59
231
0.49
227
0.55
229
0.13
215
0.18
216
0.42
225
0.74
236
-0.08
207
0.14
215
0.18
216
0.30
221
0.39
224
0.01
210

MANIPULATIVE
Score
Logits
Thaus
127
0.18
216
132
0.26
219
135
0.31
221
144
0.72
235
132
0.26
219
159
0.73
236
141
0.40
224
132
0.26
219
140
0.39
224
142
0.42
225
140
0.39
224
162
0.79
238
121
0.09
213
141
0.40
224
123
0.12
214
140
0.39
224
146
0.49
227
130
0.23
218
137
0.34
222
133
0.27
219
139
0.37
223
138
0.35
222
148
0.52
228
145
0.47
226
103
0.13
215
138
0.35
222
135
0.31
221
113
-0.03
209
130
0.23
218
139
0.37
223
158
0.71
235
147
0.50
228
139
0.37
223
125
0.15
215
145
0.47
226
125
0.15
215
145
0.47
226
142
0.42
225
149
0.54
229
124
0.13
215
123
0.12
214
126
0.16
216
102
-0.20
203
132
0.26
219
139
0.37
223

SELF-ACTUALIZATION
Score
Logits
Thaus
150
0.30
221
143
0.18
216
127
-0.10
207
158
0.46
226
119
-0.24
202
177
0.92
242
153
0.36
223
150
0.30
221
148
0.27
219
171
0.76
237
147
0.25
219
184
1.15
250
160
0.50
228
160
0.50
228
162
0.55
229
161
0.53
229
151
0.32
221
133
0.00
210
160
0.50
228
133
0.00
210
167
0.66
233
153
0.36
223
151
0.32
221
142
0.16
216
126
0.23
218
170
0.73
236
139
0.10
214
158
0.46
226
166
0.64
232
135
0.03
211
170
0.73
236
157
0.44
225
159
0.48
227
154
0.38
223
140
0.12
214
144
0.19
217
169
0.71
235
163
0.57
230
178
0.95
243
148
0.27
219
144
0.19
217
157
0.44
225
115
-0.31
199
153
0.36
223
150
0.30
221

33

Score
131
127
138
109
111
139
141
132
132
125
133
138
123
119
117
135
115
118
129
122
144
143
137
118
61
126
136
134
147
135
156
143
131
148
124
117
150
144
153
123
130
146
128
141
138

SECURITY
Logits
Thaus
0.28
220
0.21
217
0.41
224
0.41
224
-0.06
208
0.42
225
0.46
226
0.30
221
0.30
221
0.18
216
0.32
221
0.41
224
0.14
215
0.08
213
0.04
211
0.35
222
0.01
210
0.06
212
0.25
219
0.13
215
0.52
228
0.50
228
0.39
224
0.06
212
0.47
226
0.20
217
0.37
223
0.33
222
0.57
230
0.35
222
0.75
236
0.50
228
0.28
220
0.59
231
0.16
216
0.04
211
0.63
232
0.52
228
0.69
234
0.14
215
0.26
219
0.55
229
0.23
218
0.46
226
0.41
224

SOCIO-CENTRIC
Score
Logits
Thaus
151
0.44
225
133
0.11
214
129
0.04
211
131
0.58
230
148
0.38
223
158
0.58
230
149
0.40
224
164
0.72
235
164
0.72
235
147
0.36
223
144
0.30
221
179
1.15
250
127
0.01
210
148
0.38
223
152
0.46
226
165
0.74
236
160
0.63
232
131
0.07
212
142
0.27
219
137
0.18
216
155
0.52
228
131
0.07
212
156
0.54
229
133
0.11
214
105
0.34
222
158
0.58
230
137
0.18
216
147
0.36
223
164
0.72
235
151
0.44
225
127
0.01
210
150
0.42
225
138
0.19
217
166
0.77
237
167
0.79
238
154
0.50
228
165
0.74
236
163
0.70
235
145
0.32
221
124
-0.04
209
133
0.11
214
147
0.36
223
122
-0.08
207
139
0.21
217
140
0.23
218

Name
magesvary
mahsuri
maizatul
maniarasi
masitah
mastura
maziah
mazila
mazlan89
meau_sheng
mei_ting
meng_yee
mira_shazw
moganathas
moganavall
mohan
mohanasund
mohd_abdul
mohd_faiza
mohd_hasbu
mooi_yuen
mudzaffar
muhaira
muhammad_d
muhd_ariff
mukhlis
munir
munirah85
muzamir
nabila
nabilah
nabillah
nadrifah
nageesvary
naim87
naim88
nashrah
naufal
nazaar
nazar
nazilla
nazirah
nazirah87
nazri78
nazrim

ID
6377
6499
6684
6620
6621
6378
6783
6379
6622
6717
6750
6498
6380
6756
6381
6759
6760
6508
6636
6513
6724
6519
6645
6392
6532
6632
6527
6533
6648
6649
6784
6534
6396
6397
6394
6777
6476
6516
6385
6391
6650
6398
6535
6762
6386

Score
122
131
128
145
141
134
143
129
143
136
129
116
122
150
142
135
163
127
152
119
114
141
148
175
134
145
114
132
136
129
160
120
120
150
140
139
131
125
161
133
153
153
130
149
128

EGOCENTRIC
Logits
Thaus
0.13
215
0.28
220
0.23
218
0.53
229
0.46
226
0.33
222
0.49
227
0.25
219
0.49
227
0.37
223
0.25
219
0.02
211
0.13
215
0.62
232
0.48
227
0.35
222
0.89
241
0.21
217
0.66
233
0.08
213
-0.01
210
0.46
226
0.59
231
1.19
252
0.33
222
0.53
229
-0.01
210
0.30
221
0.98
244
0.25
219
0.83
239
0.09
213
0.09
213
0.62
232
0.44
225
0.42
225
0.28
220
0.18
216
0.85
240
0.32
221
0.68
234
0.68
234
0.26
219
0.61
231
0.23
218

MANIPULATIVE
Score
Logits
Thaus
128
0.20
217
130
0.23
218
138
0.35
222
143
0.44
225
137
0.34
222
133
0.27
219
160
0.75
236
145
0.47
226
151
0.58
230
136
0.32
221
146
0.49
227
126
0.16
216
131
0.24
218
150
0.56
230
136
0.32
221
144
0.45
226
157
0.69
234
135
0.31
221
143
0.44
225
128
0.20
217
114
-0.02
209
142
0.42
225
146
0.49
227
178
1.20
252
150
0.56
230
142
0.42
225
111
-0.06
208
155
0.65
233
127
0.64
232
139
0.37
223
147
0.50
228
123
0.12
214
142
0.42
225
132
0.26
219
151
0.58
230
141
0.40
224
140
0.39
224
128
0.20
217
151
0.58
230
125
0.15
215
141
0.40
224
152
0.59
231
130
0.23
218
143
0.44
225
143
0.44
225

SELF-ACTUALIZATION
Score
Logits
Thaus
128
-0.09
207
150
0.30
221
172
0.78
237
122
-0.19
203
134
0.02
211
144
0.19
217
182
1.08
248
183
1.12
249
155
0.40
224
135
0.03
211
165
0.61
231
136
0.05
212
130
-0.05
208
165
0.61
231
151
0.32
221
145
0.21
217
159
0.48
227
132
-0.02
209
144
0.19
217
128
-0.09
207
135
0.03
211
135
0.03
211
159
0.48
227
178
0.95
243
149
0.29
220
158
0.46
226
107
-0.45
194
181
1.05
247
135
0.45
226
158
0.46
226
176
0.89
241
118
-0.26
201
147
0.25
219
150
0.30
221
158
0.46
226
149
0.29
220
164
0.59
231
146
0.23
218
161
0.53
229
125
-0.14
205
174
0.84
239
158
0.46
226
147
0.25
219
156
0.42
225
146
0.23
218

34

Score
130
124
148
115
136
144
139
148
140
135
137
130
120
147
154
118
120
121
134
121
121
135
149
123
124
142
119
161
51
132
134
124
146
132
146
134
136
118
146
136
124
149
147
142
128

SECURITY
Logits
Thaus
0.26
219
0.16
216
0.59
231
0.01
210
0.37
223
0.52
228
0.42
225
0.59
231
0.44
225
0.35
222
0.39
224
0.26
219
0.09
213
0.57
230
0.71
235
0.06
212
0.09
213
0.11
214
0.33
222
0.11
214
0.11
214
0.35
222
0.61
231
0.14
215
0.16
216
0.48
227
0.08
213
0.86
240
0.07
212
0.30
221
0.33
222
0.16
216
0.55
229
0.30
221
0.55
229
0.33
222
0.37
223
0.06
212
0.55
229
0.37
223
0.16
216
0.61
231
0.57
230
0.48
227
0.23
218

SOCIO-CENTRIC
Score
Logits
Thaus
116
-0.17
204
129
0.04
211
159
0.60
231
141
0.25
219
145
0.32
221
141
0.25
219
131
0.07
212
172
0.93
243
155
0.52
228
150
0.42
225
160
0.63
232
151
0.44
225
142
0.27
219
155
0.52
228
152
0.46
226
136
0.16
216
155
0.52
228
140
0.23
218
163
0.70
235
129
0.04
211
128
0.02
211
152
0.46
226
165
0.74
236
168
0.82
239
157
0.56
230
170
0.87
240
129
0.04
211
167
0.79
238
81
0.46
226
146
0.34
222
162
0.67
233
126
-0.01
210
148
0.38
223
164
0.72
235
142
0.27
219
160
0.63
232
161
0.65
233
143
0.28
220
166
0.77
237
135
0.14
215
147
0.36
223
175
1.02
246
161
0.65
233
150
0.42
225
150
0.42
225

Name
nethendraa
nidzam
nirmala
nizamuddin
noor_aini
noor_akma
noor_azima
noor_fatin
noor_fazil
noor_hiday
noor_hisha
noor_mala
noor_safur
noor_zurai
noorana
noorazlan
noorhafifa
noorhashim
nor_afifah
nor_aimi
nor_aini
nor_akram
nor_aliza
nor_azuin
nor_haslin
nor_sarini
nor_shahid
noradilla
norahifah
norain88
noraisah
noramyza
norasiah
norazida
norazlin80
norazlin86
norazlina
norazmira
norazwan
nordiyana
norhafizah
norhafizah
norharisha
norhaslind
norhasliza

ID
6778
6633
6400
6536
6651
6537
6781
6652
6653
6539
6402
6782
6656
6657
6785
6540
6403
6404
6658
6405
6786
6763
6787
6659
6660
6409
6663
6664
6665
6410
6452
6788
6544
6666
6412
6411
6789
6667
6758
6790
6791
6545
6668
6669
6670

Score
165
169
169
123
145
144
124
158
127
149
160
151
143
115
116
154
118
122
142
116
134
130
141
164
124
164
144
127
128
138
136
108
149
137
150
141
136
135
77
134
127
122
139
124
148

EGOCENTRIC
Logits
Thaus
0.94
243
1.03
246
1.03
246
0.14
215
0.53
229
0.51
228
0.16
216
0.78
237
0.21
217
0.61
231
0.83
239
0.64
232
0.49
227
0.01
210
0.02
211
0.70
235
0.06
212
0.13
215
0.48
227
0.02
211
0.33
222
0.26
219
0.46
226
0.91
242
0.16
216
0.91
242
0.51
228
0.21
217
0.23
218
0.40
224
0.37
223
-0.12
206
0.61
231
0.39
224
0.62
232
0.46
226
0.37
223
0.35
222
0.34
222
0.33
222
0.21
217
0.13
215
0.42
225
0.16
216
0.59
231

MANIPULATIVE
Score
Logits
Thaus
159
0.73
236
135
0.31
221
152
0.59
231
130
0.23
218
152
0.59
231
147
0.50
228
120
0.07
212
148
0.52
228
123
0.12
214
144
0.45
226
153
0.61
231
159
0.73
236
134
0.29
220
136
0.32
221
139
0.37
223
125
0.15
215
128
0.20
217
121
0.09
213
134
0.29
220
126
0.16
216
126
0.16
216
131
0.24
218
141
0.40
224
187
1.53
264
129
0.21
217
147
0.50
228
150
0.56
230
136
0.32
221
145
0.47
226
151
0.58
230
133
0.27
219
115
0.00
210
143
0.44
225
120
0.07
212
145
0.47
226
134
0.29
220
139
0.37
223
153
0.61
231
77
0.22
218
136
0.32
221
145
0.47
226
121
0.09
213
122
0.10
214
124
0.13
215
148
0.52
228

SELF-ACTUALIZATION
Score
Logits
Thaus
163
0.57
230
170
0.73
236
153
0.36
223
162
0.55
229
169
0.71
235
172
0.78
237
117
-0.27
201
166
0.64
232
127
-0.10
207
163
0.57
230
159
0.48
227
180
1.01
245
161
0.53
229
170
0.73
236
160
0.50
228
156
0.42
225
155
0.40
224
130
-0.05
208
174
0.84
239
135
0.03
211
148
0.27
219
114
-0.33
198
163
0.57
230
138
0.09
213
131
-0.03
209
168
0.68
234
169
0.71
235
146
0.23
218
163
0.57
230
164
0.59
231
161
0.53
229
151
0.32
221
150
0.30
221
140
0.12
214
158
0.46
226
160
0.50
228
179
0.98
244
165
0.61
231
129
0.30
221
142
0.16
216
159
0.48
227
135
0.03
211
152
0.34
222
151
0.32
221
160
0.50
228

35

Score
147
132
151
126
138
147
116
143
131
152
150
144
123
144
129
148
139
126
119
118
131
124
143
153
135
162
125
126
135
141
144
120
151
130
165
134
130
148
53
104
134
125
135
118
143

SECURITY
Logits
Thaus
0.57
230
0.30
221
0.65
233
0.20
217
0.41
224
0.57
230
0.03
211
0.50
228
0.28
220
0.67
233
0.63
232
0.52
228
0.14
215
0.52
228
0.25
219
0.59
231
0.42
225
0.20
217
0.08
213
0.06
212
0.28
220
0.16
216
0.50
228
0.69
234
0.35
222
0.88
241
0.18
216
0.20
217
0.35
222
0.46
226
0.52
228
0.09
213
0.65
233
0.26
219
0.95
243
0.33
222
0.26
219
0.59
231
0.15
215
-0.18
204
0.33
222
0.18
216
0.35
222
0.06
212
0.50
228

SOCIO-CENTRIC
Score
Logits
Thaus
161
0.65
233
154
0.50
228
170
0.87
240
128
0.02
211
163
0.70
235
138
0.19
217
124
-0.04
209
161
0.65
233
136
0.16
216
139
0.21
217
168
0.82
239
143
0.28
220
139
0.21
217
160
0.63
232
131
0.07
212
145
0.32
221
153
0.48
227
126
-0.01
210
142
0.27
219
120
-0.11
206
128
0.02
211
119
-0.12
206
168
0.82
239
137
0.18
216
141
0.25
219
163
0.70
235
156
0.54
229
133
0.11
214
143
0.28
220
155
0.52
228
161
0.65
233
166
0.77
237
159
0.60
231
130
0.06
212
150
0.42
225
134
0.13
215
155
0.52
228
156
0.54
229
78
0.36
223
135
0.14
215
143
0.28
220
132
0.09
213
135
0.14
215
155
0.52
228
154
0.50
228

Name
norhasni
norhayatee
norhayati
norhayati9
norhidayah
normala_wa
normally
normas_dhi
normas_she
nornabilla
nornatasha
norruhida
norshahira
norsyazwan
norzeihan
nourshamiz
nur_adilah
nur_ain
nur_faizah
nur_farhan
nur_hidaya
nur_izzati
nur_syazli
nur_tijan
nuraini
nuramalina
nurasikin
nurfarhana
nurfatien
nurhafzan
nurmashuda
nursalwani
nurshuhana
nursyafney
nurtaliza
nurul_alia
nurul_ashi
nurul_awat
nurul_azwa
nurul_fitr
nurul_hami
nurul_syah
nurul_syaz
nurul_wahi
nurulain89

ID
6453
6792
6672
6671
6793
6794
6673
6674
6841
6675
6546
6413
6547
6676
6548
6642
6677
6414
6678
6552
6554
6679
6680
6422
6455
6549
6423
6353
6556
6767
6681
6456
6557
6424
6425
6682
6558
6795
6559
6562
6683
6796
6797
6564
6427

Score
135
158
140
123
124
137
154
136
114
123
122
121
135
123
86
132
121
152
138
120
121
159
139
113
128
121
119
140
130
171
123
145
131
145
141
135
143
136
146
152
137
162
128
140
123

EGOCENTRIC
Logits
Thaus
0.35
222
0.78
237
0.44
225
0.14
215
0.16
216
0.39
224
0.70
235
0.37
223
0.49
227
0.14
215
0.13
215
0.11
214
0.35
222
0.14
215
-0.53
191
0.30
221
0.11
214
0.66
233
0.40
224
0.09
213
0.11
214
0.81
238
0.42
225
-0.03
209
0.23
218
0.11
214
0.08
213
0.44
225
0.26
219
1.08
248
0.14
215
0.53
229
0.28
220
0.53
229
0.46
226
0.35
222
0.49
227
0.37
223
0.55
229
0.66
233
0.39
224
0.87
240
0.23
218
0.44
225
0.14
215

MANIPULATIVE
Score
Logits
Thaus
141
0.40
224
150
0.56
230
140
0.39
224
121
0.09
213
136
0.32
221
129
0.21
217
144
0.45
226
136
0.32
221
113
0.46
226
127
0.18
216
124
0.13
215
127
0.18
216
123
0.12
214
137
0.34
222
124
0.13
215
156
0.67
233
131
0.24
218
150
0.56
230
137
0.34
222
108
-0.11
206
145
0.47
226
153
0.61
231
146
0.49
227
126
0.16
216
156
0.67
233
118
0.04
211
156
0.67
233
152
0.59
231
137
0.34
222
157
0.69
234
126
0.16
216
130
0.23
218
133
0.27
219
136
0.32
221
132
0.26
219
132
0.26
219
134
0.29
220
123
0.12
214
150
0.56
230
156
0.67
233
144
0.45
226
163
0.81
238
122
0.10
214
128
0.20
217
126
0.16
216

SELF-ACTUALIZATION
Score
Logits
Thaus
145
0.21
217
171
0.76
237
157
0.44
225
120
-0.22
202
146
0.23
218
153
0.36
223
153
0.36
223
159
0.48
227
144
0.79
238
160
0.50
228
107
-0.45
194
118
-0.26
201
160
0.50
228
165
0.61
231
144
0.19
217
157
0.44
225
135
0.03
211
161
0.53
229
151
0.32
221
134
0.02
211
175
0.86
240
159
0.48
227
153
0.36
223
152
0.34
222
148
0.27
219
120
-0.22
202
181
1.05
247
155
0.40
224
125
-0.14
205
177
0.92
242
123
-0.17
204
131
-0.03
209
139
0.10
214
167
0.66
233
156
0.42
225
160
0.50
228
159
0.48
227
151
0.32
221
157
0.44
225
174
0.84
239
163
0.57
230
174
0.84
239
149
0.29
220
174
0.84
239
158
0.46
226

36

Score
144
151
136
128
122
141
137
153
131
147
123
115
143
144
124
142
118
130
128
128
146
142
120
137
147
122
146
145
113
161
133
139
130
148
142
145
148
135
156
162
136
145
129
154
139

SECURITY
Logits
Thaus
0.52
228
0.65
233
0.37
223
0.23
218
0.13
215
0.46
226
0.39
224
0.69
234
0.70
235
0.57
230
0.14
215
0.01
210
0.50
228
0.52
228
0.16
216
0.48
227
0.06
212
0.26
219
0.23
218
0.23
218
0.55
229
0.48
227
0.09
213
0.39
224
0.57
230
0.13
215
0.55
229
0.53
229
-0.03
209
0.86
240
0.32
221
0.42
225
0.26
219
0.59
231
0.48
227
0.53
229
0.59
231
0.35
222
0.75
236
0.88
241
0.37
223
0.53
229
0.25
219
0.71
235
0.42
225

SOCIO-CENTRIC
Score
Logits
Thaus
159
0.60
231
154
0.50
228
150
0.42
225
138
0.19
217
151
0.44
225
130
0.06
212
158
0.58
230
148
0.38
223
120
0.80
238
155
0.52
228
115
-0.19
203
112
-0.24
202
145
0.32
221
153
0.48
227
131
0.07
212
169
0.85
240
139
0.21
217
148
0.38
223
144
0.30
221
124
-0.04
209
167
0.79
238
176
1.05
247
155
0.52
228
147
0.36
223
153
0.48
227
116
-0.17
204
164
0.72
235
141
0.25
219
132
0.09
213
175
1.02
246
118
-0.14
205
134
0.13
215
133
0.11
214
151
0.44
225
153
0.48
227
156
0.54
229
153
0.48
227
143
0.28
220
155
0.52
228
176
1.05
247
143
0.28
220
165
0.74
236
136
0.16
216
160
0.63
232
148
0.38
223

Name
nurulbadri
nurulhanis
nurulnadia
panimalar
patricia
pei_rong
peng_heng
prabakaran
prateeba
priyataris
pui_hoon
punithawat
rabiatul
rahaizat
rahimah81
raihana
raja_azliz
ramdzan
rashid
rasyid
rasyidah
rasyikah
ratnadewi
razeen
razif
revathi
ridzuan
ridzuan_sh
rizal88
rizman
rofinaz
rohaizad
rohaizatul
rohana90
rohani
rohaya
rohaya87
rohayatti
rohisham
rosidah88
rosilah
roslan78
roslan87
roslee
rosli77

ID
6565
6428
6429
6431
6801
6745
6800
6802
6803
6804
6725
6805
6567
6628
6806
6685
6568
6387
6629
6714
6408
6569
6432
6715
6634
6433
6505
6570
6687
6772
6571
6572
6573
6688
6457
6574
6689
6690
6691
6692
6434
6435
6506
6807
6630

Score
115
141
112
120
140
142
157
141
134
129
151
150
134
148
128
124
143
164
125
129
113
126
136
156
123
145
153
120
134
129
110
133
105
152
144
121
139
126
135
126
130
121
134
140
134

EGOCENTRIC
Logits
Thaus
0.01
210
0.46
226
-0.05
208
0.09
213
0.44
225
0.73
236
0.76
237
0.46
226
0.33
222
0.25
219
0.64
232
0.62
232
0.33
222
0.59
231
0.23
218
0.16
216
0.49
227
0.91
242
0.18
216
0.25
219
-0.03
209
0.20
217
0.37
223
0.74
236
0.14
215
0.53
229
0.68
234
0.09
213
0.33
222
0.25
219
-0.08
207
0.32
221
-0.17
204
0.66
233
0.51
228
0.11
214
0.42
225
0.20
217
0.35
222
0.20
217
0.26
219
0.11
214
0.33
222
0.44
225
0.33
222

MANIPULATIVE
Score
Logits
Thaus
136
0.32
221
151
0.58
230
148
0.52
228
120
0.07
212
155
0.65
233
139
0.98
244
154
0.63
232
135
0.31
221
139
0.37
223
121
0.09
213
156
0.67
233
144
0.45
226
118
0.04
211
141
0.40
224
133
0.27
219
133
0.27
219
161
0.77
237
152
0.59
231
136
0.32
221
134
0.29
220
123
0.12
214
138
0.35
222
147
0.50
228
155
0.65
233
131
0.24
218
142
0.42
225
131
0.24
218
123
0.12
214
138
0.35
222
137
0.34
222
125
0.15
215
119
0.06
212
137
0.34
222
148
0.52
228
133
0.27
219
120
0.07
212
150
0.56
230
136
0.32
221
136
0.32
221
116
0.01
210
134
0.29
220
120
0.07
212
133
0.27
219
137
0.34
222
117
0.03
211

SELF-ACTUALIZATION
Score
Logits
Thaus
150
0.30
221
157
0.44
225
131
-0.03
209
159
0.48
227
171
0.76
237
128
0.28
220
170
0.73
236
144
0.19
217
174
0.84
239
120
-0.22
202
144
0.19
217
163
0.57
230
122
-0.19
203
152
0.34
222
161
0.53
229
171
0.76
237
177
0.92
242
156
0.42
225
135
0.03
211
141
0.14
215
130
-0.05
208
145
0.21
217
158
0.46
226
186
1.23
253
141
0.14
215
164
0.59
231
146
0.23
218
120
-0.22
202
145
0.21
217
161
0.53
229
150
0.30
221
120
-0.22
202
137
0.07
212
153
0.36
223
160
0.50
228
113
-0.34
198
180
1.01
245
167
0.66
233
156
0.42
225
128
-0.09
207
142
0.16
216
136
0.05
212
149
0.29
220
145
0.21
217
158
0.46
226

37

Score
122
131
129
139
148
104
142
103
132
120
133
126
120
135
122
142
150
144
127
138
132
140
143
136
143
136
139
120
120
141
114
124
153
146
122
128
147
138
126
129
124
127
145
135
155

SECURITY
Logits
Thaus
0.13
215
0.28
220
0.25
219
0.42
225
0.59
231
0.28
220
0.48
227
-0.20
203
0.30
221
0.09
213
0.32
221
0.20
217
0.09
213
0.35
222
0.13
215
0.48
227
0.63
232
0.52
228
0.21
217
0.41
224
0.30
221
0.44
225
0.50
228
0.37
223
0.50
228
0.37
223
0.42
225
0.09
213
0.09
213
0.46
226
-0.01
210
0.16
216
0.69
234
0.55
229
0.13
215
0.23
218
0.57
230
0.41
224
0.20
217
0.25
219
0.16
216
0.21
217
0.53
229
0.35
222
0.73
236

SOCIO-CENTRIC
Score
Logits
Thaus
125
-0.03
209
157
0.56
230
137
0.18
216
133
0.11
214
170
0.87
240
145
1.01
245
166
0.77
237
131
0.07
212
150
0.42
225
123
-0.06
208
166
0.77
237
165
0.74
236
118
-0.14
205
151
0.44
225
169
0.85
240
162
0.67
233
167
0.79
238
166
0.77
237
133
0.11
214
150
0.42
225
128
0.02
211
114
-0.21
203
148
0.38
223
177
1.08
248
143
0.28
220
157
0.56
230
158
0.58
230
120
-0.11
206
134
0.13
215
148
0.38
223
135
0.14
215
120
-0.11
206
139
0.21
217
156
0.54
229
170
0.87
240
122
-0.08
207
156
0.54
229
140
0.23
218
143
0.28
220
120
-0.11
206
137
0.18
216
153
0.48
227
151
0.44
225
143
0.28
220
151
0.44
225

Name

ID

rosmah
rosmahani
rosmaliza
rozairi
rozalina
rozana
rubini
rui_fen
ruqaiah
rusdiana
rusila
ruzaini
sabrina
safwan
saidatul
saiful91
sakinah
sakiroh
saleha
salina84
saniyah
saravanan
sarawanan
sarina
sathirao
sathyanath
selvam
shafinar
shafinaz
shafiq
shafizi
shahril
shahrul_ni
shaliny
shamini
sharihan
sharitha
sharmila
shartini
sharul_bar
sharul_mai
shazuan
shuhada
siew_hee
siew_theng

6693
6824
6575
6436
6576
6438
6808
6721
6694
6809
6585
6437
6439
6764
6695
6631
6577
6440
6662
6810
6441
6442
6443
6811
6812
6444
6367
6579
6563
6388
6643
6382
6813
6447
6840
6543
6696
6448
6605
6697
6698
6768
6421
6399
6798

Score
146
112
133
127
143
121
136
122
140
141
126
135
133
131
137
124
138
139
134
133
147
143
143
124
139
136
141
118
134
110
129
135
133
142
136
132
109
127
142
138
138
121
135
155
121

EGOCENTRIC
Logits
Thaus
0.55
229
-0.05
208
0.32
221
0.21
217
0.49
227
0.11
214
0.37
223
0.13
215
0.44
225
0.46
226
0.20
217
0.35
222
0.32
221
0.28
220
0.39
224
0.16
216
0.40
224
0.42
225
0.33
222
0.32
221
0.57
230
0.49
227
0.49
227
0.16
216
0.42
225
0.37
223
0.46
226
0.06
212
0.33
222
-0.08
207
0.25
219
0.35
222
0.32
221
0.48
227
0.37
223
0.30
221
-0.10
207
0.21
217
0.48
227
0.40
224
0.40
224
0.11
214
0.35
222
0.72
235
0.11
214

MANIPULATIVE
Score
Logits
Thaus
140
0.39
224
118
0.04
211
133
0.27
219
134
0.29
220
156
0.67
233
132
0.26
219
149
0.54
229
117
0.03
211
139
0.37
223
152
0.59
231
122
0.10
214
120
0.07
212
142
0.42
225
138
0.35
222
131
0.24
218
124
0.13
215
124
0.13
215
133
0.27
219
141
0.40
224
141
0.40
224
149
0.54
229
134
0.29
220
145
0.47
226
118
0.04
211
150
0.56
230
123
0.12
214
128
0.20
217
128
0.20
217
147
0.50
228
122
0.10
214
133
0.27
219
119
0.06
212
151
0.58
230
155
0.65
233
152
0.59
231
134
0.29
220
123
0.12
214
128
0.20
217
127
0.18
216
147
0.50
228
134
0.29
220
142
0.42
225
128
0.20
217
144
0.45
226
112
-0.05
208

SELF-ACTUALIZATION
Score
Logits
Thaus
145
0.21
217
123
-0.17
204
150
0.30
221
145
0.21
217
157
0.44
225
125
-0.14
205
172
0.78
237
135
0.03
211
171
0.76
237
155
0.40
224
164
0.59
231
137
0.07
212
174
0.84
239
148
0.27
219
149
0.29
220
133
0.00
210
155
0.40
224
147
0.25
219
151
0.32
221
137
0.07
212
144
0.19
217
162
0.55
229
144
0.19
217
127
-0.10
207
141
0.14
215
126
-0.12
206
135
0.03
211
129
-0.07
208
157
0.44
225
143
0.18
216
131
-0.03
209
131
-0.03
209
148
0.27
219
150
0.30
221
176
0.89
241
141
0.14
215
137
0.07
212
148
0.27
219
173
0.81
238
150
0.30
221
165
0.61
231
128
-0.09
207
131
-0.03
209
165
0.61
231
137
0.07
212

38

Score
127
132
129
135
134
120
152
117
137
143
141
107
152
124
142
122
126
140
136
140
135
146
146
130
141
131
143
122
149
130
130
131
127
144
140
135
103
142
116
124
131
132
132
134
127

SECURITY
Logits
Thaus
0.21
217
0.30
221
0.25
219
0.35
222
0.33
222
0.09
213
0.67
233
0.04
211
0.39
224
0.50
228
0.46
226
-0.13
205
0.67
233
0.16
216
0.48
227
0.13
215
0.20
217
0.44
225
0.37
223
0.44
225
0.35
222
0.55
229
0.55
229
0.26
219
0.46
226
0.28
220
0.50
228
0.13
215
0.61
231
0.26
219
0.26
219
0.28
220
0.21
217
0.52
228
0.44
225
0.35
222
-0.20
203
0.48
227
0.03
211
0.16
216
0.28
220
0.30
221
0.30
221
0.33
222
0.21
217

SOCIO-CENTRIC
Score
Logits
Thaus
140
0.23
218
131
0.07
212
127
0.01
210
156
0.54
229
147
0.36
223
133
0.11
214
164
0.72
235
127
0.01
210
147
0.36
223
145
0.32
221
123
-0.06
208
127
0.01
210
160
0.63
232
165
0.74
236
135
0.14
215
129
0.04
211
150
0.42
225
135
0.14
215
133
0.11
214
155
0.52
228
165
0.74
236
148
0.38
223
148
0.38
223
127
0.01
210
157
0.56
230
131
0.07
212
162
0.67
233
129
0.04
211
130
0.06
212
147
0.36
223
128
0.02
211
132
0.09
213
129
0.04
211
130
0.06
212
141
0.25
219
141
0.25
219
110
-0.27
201
137
0.18
216
151
0.44
225
146
0.34
222
139
0.21
217
148
0.38
223
142
0.27
219
154
0.50
228
132
0.09
213

Name
siew_ying
siow_ying
siti_amira
siti_faiza
siti_farha
siti_fatim
siti_hajar
siti_khadi
siti_mastu
siti_noor
siti_noriz
siti_rodhi
siti_syafi
sobri
sobri86
sri_nirmal
subaseni
suffian
suhaili
suhana
suliana
suthakhar
syah_ismet
syahanim
syahmi
syahmi91
syahrizul
syaida
syakir
syamil
syamsila
syawal
syazana_at
syazrah
theng_peow
tony_natha
ue_er
umadevi
umayr
uthaya
valarmathy
vikneshmar
wahida
wardati
wardatul

ID
6780
6566
6581
6814
6815
6700
6816
6702
6584
6451
6703
6817
6818
6528
6773
6461
6462
6765
6463
6705
6464
6465
6466
6820
6389
6529
6706
6467
6530
6523
6497
6518
6586
6587
6831
6588
6359
6468
6589
6827
6828
6829
6469
6590
6707

Score
81
101
125
155
133
125
121
135
136
150
136
165
152
126
67
142
156
126
129
128
141
138
144
130
139
118
130
151
125
180
120
136
127
135
142
115
131
153
130
175
152
176
128
119
150

EGOCENTRIC
Logits
Thaus
0.86
240
-0.24
202
0.18
216
0.72
235
0.32
221
0.18
216
0.11
214
0.35
222
0.37
223
0.62
232
0.37
223
0.94
243
0.66
233
0.20
217
0.30
221
0.48
227
0.74
236
0.20
217
0.25
219
0.23
218
0.46
226
0.40
224
0.51
228
0.26
219
0.42
225
0.06
212
0.26
219
0.64
232
0.18
216
1.34
257
0.09
213
0.37
223
0.21
217
0.35
222
0.48
227
0.01
210
0.28
220
0.68
234
0.26
219
1.19
252
0.66
233
1.22
253
0.23
218
0.08
213
0.62
232

MANIPULATIVE
Score
Logits
Thaus
62
0.50
228
109
-0.09
207
132
0.26
219
145
0.47
226
125
0.15
215
110
-0.08
207
127
0.18
216
125
0.15
215
138
0.35
222
143
0.44
225
124
0.13
215
162
0.79
238
137
0.34
222
129
0.21
217
69
0.25
219
150
0.56
230
131
0.24
218
118
0.04
211
145
0.47
226
143
0.44
225
141
0.40
224
128
0.20
217
150
0.56
230
143
0.44
225
150
0.56
230
113
-0.03
209
141
0.40
224
136
0.32
221
127
0.18
216
162
0.79
238
140
0.39
224
154
0.63
232
136
0.32
221
145
0.47
226
143
0.44
225
124
0.13
215
126
0.16
216
134
0.29
220
117
0.03
211
155
0.65
233
135
0.31
221
152
0.59
231
131
0.24
218
125
0.15
215
134
0.29
220

SELF-ACTUALIZATION
Score
Logits
Thaus
87
0.73
236
139
0.10
214
143
0.18
216
156
0.42
225
122
-0.19
203
127
-0.10
207
157
0.44
225
158
0.46
226
157
0.44
225
175
0.86
240
159
0.48
227
178
0.95
243
171
0.76
237
131
-0.03
209
68
0.13
215
167
0.66
233
157
0.44
225
125
-0.14
205
167
0.66
233
153
0.36
223
179
0.98
244
137
0.07
212
148
0.27
219
156
0.42
225
148
0.27
219
136
0.05
212
159
0.48
227
162
0.55
229
127
-0.10
207
189
1.36
258
151
0.32
221
175
0.86
240
136
0.05
212
171
0.76
237
137
0.07
212
171
0.76
237
154
0.38
223
172
0.78
237
120
-0.22
202
164
0.59
231
181
1.05
247
167
0.66
233
150
0.30
221
122
-0.19
203
157
0.44
225

39

Score
55
151
134
148
121
153
138
148
135
145
147
138
146
117
51
155
139
111
137
144
140
125
144
137
141
105
132
135
114
156
139
143
123
139
117
130
125
145
109
132
147
136
129
131
132

SECURITY
Logits
Thaus
0.35
222
0.65
233
0.33
222
0.59
231
0.11
214
0.69
234
0.41
224
0.59
231
0.35
222
0.53
229
0.57
230
0.41
224
0.55
229
0.04
211
0.17
216
0.73
236
0.42
225
-0.06
208
0.39
224
0.52
228
0.44
225
0.18
216
0.52
228
0.39
224
0.46
226
-0.16
204
0.30
221
0.35
222
-0.01
210
0.75
236
0.42
225
0.50
228
0.14
215
0.42
225
0.04
211
0.26
219
0.18
216
0.53
229
-0.09
207
0.30
221
0.57
230
0.37
223
0.25
219
0.28
220
0.30
221

SOCIO-CENTRIC
Score
Logits
Thaus
69
0.25
219
118
-0.14
205
116
-0.17
204
151
0.44
225
127
0.01
210
123
-0.06
208
143
0.28
220
145
0.32
221
147
0.36
223
163
0.70
235
143
0.28
220
178
1.11
249
156
0.54
229
130
0.06
212
66
0.16
216
133
0.11
214
151
0.44
225
115
-0.19
203
143
0.28
220
139
0.21
217
132
0.09
213
146
0.34
222
150
0.42
225
153
0.48
227
151
0.44
225
145
0.32
221
129
0.04
211
134
0.13
215
126
-0.01
210
186
1.42
260
142
0.27
219
177
1.08
248
153
0.48
227
172
0.93
243
160
0.63
232
143
0.28
220
140
0.23
218
169
0.85
240
144
0.30
221
150
0.42
225
136
0.16
216
176
1.05
247
138
0.19
217
144
0.30
221
147
0.36
223

Name
wei_fuh
wei_jing
wei_loon
wong_susan
yee_khan
yee_sheng
yee_wen
yen_pheng
yeong_hwai
yogeswari
yoogenraw
yunhan
yusoff
zafiszal
zaidi
zaidi65
zailani
zaim90
zainab
zainul_abi
zairul
zakie
zaleha
zamri87
zanariah
zarimah
zarina
zauyah
zhuhdi
zulhilmi
zulshafiqa
zuriah
zuriati
zuridah
zurinaazni

ID
6446
6496
6708
6830
6819
6753
6718
6430
6723
6833
6470
6754
6591
6644
6766
6939
6834
6592
6458
6709
6351
6500
6459
6390
6835
6471
6836
6710
6531
6593
6711
6712
6555
6713
6472

Score
136
116
117
160
119
132
125
148
174
145
133
138
129
132
125
138
145
114
138
136
165
125
137
145
134
138
128
131
128
137
140
139
124
130
123

EGOCENTRIC
Logits
Thaus
0.37
223
0.02
211
0.04
211
0.83
239
0.08
213
0.30
221
0.18
216
0.59
231
1.16
251
0.53
229
0.32
221
0.40
224
0.25
219
0.30
221
0.18
216
0.40
224
0.53
229
-0.01
210
0.40
224
0.37
223
0.94
243
0.18
216
0.39
224
0.53
229
0.33
222
0.40
224
0.23
218
0.28
220
0.23
218
0.39
224
0.44
225
0.42
225
0.16
216
0.26
219
0.14
215

MANIPULATIVE
Score
Logits
Thaus
91
-0.10
207
122
0.10
214
128
0.20
217
140
0.39
224
123
0.12
214
128
0.20
217
128
0.20
217
147
0.50
228
174
1.08
248
149
0.54
229
141
0.40
224
109
-0.09
207
121
0.09
213
137
0.34
222
126
0.61
231
157
0.69
234
133
0.27
219
124
0.13
215
134
0.29
220
137
0.34
222
152
0.59
231
123
0.12
214
134
0.29
220
121
0.09
213
143
0.44
225
130
0.23
218
135
0.31
221
130
0.23
218
131
0.24
218
126
0.16
216
142
0.42
225
137
0.34
222
120
0.07
212
144
0.45
226
145
0.47
226

SELF-ACTUALIZATION
Score
Logits
Thaus
123
-0.05
208
173
0.81
238
158
0.46
226
166
0.64
232
127
-0.10
207
136
0.05
212
152
0.34
222
164
0.59
231
191
1.46
261
170
0.73
236
160
0.50
228
108
-0.43
195
145
0.21
217
137
0.07
212
127
0.15
215
178
0.95
243
144
0.19
217
133
0.00
210
144
0.19
217
148
0.27
219
161
0.53
229
123
-0.17
204
160
0.50
228
154
0.38
223
144
0.19
217
142
0.16
216
141
0.14
215
126
-0.12
206
131
-0.03
209
151
0.32
221
166
0.64
232
162
0.55
229
125
-0.14
205
137
0.07
212
164
0.59
231

40

Score
109
111
110
140
102
113
127
132
138
145
128
116
134
129
103
138
146
127
124
152
144
122
157
157
143
161
152
132
124
131
136
142
125
133
141

SECURITY
Logits
Thaus
0.41
224
-0.06
208
-0.08
207
0.44
225
-0.21
203
-0.03
209
0.21
217
0.30
221
0.41
224
0.53
229
0.23
218
0.03
211
0.33
222
0.25
219
0.26
219
0.41
224
0.55
229
0.21
217
0.16
216
0.67
233
0.52
228
0.13
215
0.77
237
0.77
237
0.50
228
0.86
240
0.67
233
0.30
221
0.16
216
0.28
220
0.37
223
0.48
227
0.18
216
0.32
221
0.46
226

SOCIO-CENTRIC
Score
Logits
Thaus
137
0.75
236
145
0.32
221
161
0.65
233
164
0.72
235
122
-0.08
207
142
0.27
219
151
0.44
225
152
0.46
226
186
1.42
260
170
0.87
240
163
0.70
235
111
-0.26
201
126
-0.01
210
139
0.21
217
124
0.40
224
167
0.79
238
150
0.42
225
134
0.13
215
147
0.36
223
134
0.13
215
167
0.79
238
120
-0.11
206
147
0.36
223
150
0.42
225
157
0.56
230
155
0.52
228
147
0.36
223
140
0.23
218
129
0.04
211
146
0.34
222
147
0.36
223
141
0.25
219
125
-0.03
209
139
0.21
217
140
0.23
218

Lookup Tables
Each score obtained by a person on any dimension, is equivalent to a measure in logits for
that person on that dimension, which is then converted into thaus. Future respondents to
this instrument will immediately get their raw scores. For a quick conversion from these raw
scores into measures in logits and thaus a lookup table is created. Measures in logits and
thaus are linear in order to enable accurate comparisons between respondents' measures
on the five dimensions. The lookup table shown below matches all possible raw scores on
this instrument to the corresponding measures which may then be used for interpretation
purposes. This lookup table uses the same linear transformation y = 35t +210 for the full
range of scores from 30 to 210.
Table 20 Look-up Table for All Five Dimensions: Converting Scores into Logits and Thaus
Dimension
Score
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78

EGOCENTRIC
Logits
-5.88
-4.67
-3.96
-3.55
-3.25
-3.02
-2.83
-2.67
-2.53
-2.41
-2.30
-2.20
-2.11
-2.03
-1.95
-1.88
-1.82
-1.75
-1.70
-1.64
-1.59
-1.54
-1.50
-1.45
-1.41
-1.37
-1.33
-1.29
-1.26
-1.22
-1.19
-1.15
-1.12
-1.09
-1.06
-1.03
-1.00
-0.97
-0.95
-0.92
-0.89
-0.87
-0.84
-0.82
-0.79
-0.77
-0.75
-0.72
-0.70

Thaus
4
47
71
86
96
104
111
117
121
126
130
133
136
139
142
144
146
149
151
153
154
156
158
159
161
162
163
165
166
167
168
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
181
182
183
184
185
186

MANIPULATIVE
Logits
-5.66
-4.45
-3.75
-3.33
-3.04
-2.81
-2.63
-2.47
-2.34
-2.22
-2.11
-2.02
-1.93
-1.86
-1.78
-1.72
-1.66
-1.60
-1.54
-1.49
-1.45
-1.40
-1.36
-1.31
-1.28
-1.24
-1.20
-1.17
-1.13
-1.10
-1.07
-1.04
-1.01
-0.98
-0.95
-0.93
-0.90
-0.87
-0.85
-0.82
-0.80
-0.78
-0.75
-0.73
-0.71
-0.69
-0.67
-0.65
-0.63

Thaus
12
54
79
93
104
112
118
124
128
132
136
139
142
145
148
150
152
154
156
158
159
161
162
164
165
167
168
169
170
172
173
174
175
176
177
177
179
180
180
181
182
183
184
184
185
186
187
187
188

SELFACTUALIZATIN
Logits
Thaus
-5.97
1
-4.76
43
-4.07
68
-3.66
82
-3.38
92
-3.16
99
-2.98
106
-2.83
111
-2.70
116
-2.59
119
-2.49
123
-2.40
126
-2.32
129
-2.25
131
-2.18
134
-2.12
136
-2.06
138
-2.00
140
-1.95
142
-1.90
144
-1.86
145
-1.81
147
-1.77
148
-1.73
149
-1.69
151
-1.65
152
-1.62
153
-1.58
155
-1.55
156
-1.51
157
-1.48
158
-1.45
159
-1.42
160
-1.39
161
-1.36
162
-1.34
163
-1.31
164
-1.28
165
-1.25
166
-1.23
167
-1.20
168
-1.18
169
-1.15
170
-1.13
170
-1.11
171
-1.08
172
-1.06
173
-1.04
174
-1.01
175

41

SECURITY
Logits
-5.86
-4.65
-3.94
-3.52
-3.22
-2.99
-2.80
-2.63
-2.49
-2.37
-2.26
-2.16
-2.07
-1.98
-1.91
-1.84
-1.77
-1.71
-1.65
-1.60
-1.55
-1.50
-1.45
-1.41
-1.36
-1.32
-1.29
-1.25
-1.21
-1.18
-1.14
-1.11
-1.08
-1.05
-1.02
-0.99
-0.96
-0.94
-0.91
-0.88
-0.86
-0.83
-0.81
-0.79
-0.76
-0.74
-0.72
-0.69
-0.67

Thaus
5
47
72
87
97
105
112
118
123
127
131
134
138
141
143
146
148
150
152
154
156
158
159
161
162
164
165
166
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
182
183
184
185
186
187

SOCIOCENTRIC
Logits
-5.97
-4.76
-4.06
-3.64
-3.35
-3.12
-2.93
-2.77
-2.63
-2.51
-2.40
-2.31
-2.22
-2.14
-2.06
-1.99
-1.93
-1.87
-1.81
-1.76
-1.71
-1.66
-1.61
-1.57
-1.53
-1.49
-1.45
-1.42
-1.38
-1.35
-1.31
-1.28
-1.25
-1.22
-1.19
-1.16
-1.14
-1.11
-1.08
-1.06
-1.03
-1.01
-0.99
-0.96
-0.94
-0.92
-0.89
-0.87
-0.85

Thaus
1
43
68
83
93
101
107
113
118
122
126
129
132
135
138
140
142
145
147
148
150
152
154
155
156
158
159
160
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
175
176
177
178
179
180
180

Dimension
Score
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147

EGOCENTRIC
Logits
-0.68
-0.66
-0.63
-0.61
-0.59
-0.57
-0.55
-0.53
-0.51
-0.49
-0.47
-0.45
-0.43
-0.41
-0.39
-0.37
-0.35
-0.33
-0.31
-0.30
-0.28
-0.26
-0.24
-0.22
-0.20
-0.19
-0.17
-0.15
-0.13
-0.12
-0.10
-0.08
-0.06
-0.05
-0.03
-0.01
0.01
0.02
0.04
0.06
0.08
0.09
0.11
0.13
0.14
0.16
0.18
0.20
0.21
0.23
0.25
0.26
0.28
0.30
0.32
0.33
0.35
0.37
0.39
0.40
0.42
0.44
0.46
0.48
0.49
0.51
0.53
0.55
0.57

Thaus
186
187
188
189
189
190
191
191
192
193
194
194
195
196
196
197
198
198
199
200
200
201
202
202
203
203
204
205
205
206
207
207
208
208
209
210
210
211
211
212
213
213
214
215
215
216
216
217
217
218
219
219
220
221
221
222
222
223
224
224
225
225
226
227
227
228
229
229
230

MANIPULATIVE
Logits
-0.61
-0.59
-0.57
-0.55
-0.53
-0.51
-0.49
-0.47
-0.45
-0.44
-0.42
-0.40
-0.38
-0.37
-0.35
-0.33
-0.32
-0.30
-0.28
-0.27
-0.25
-0.24
-0.22
-0.20
-0.19
-0.17
-0.16
-0.14
-0.13
-0.11
-0.09
-0.08
-0.06
-0.05
-0.03
-0.02
0.00
0.01
0.03
0.04
0.06
0.07
0.09
0.10
0.12
0.13
0.15
0.16
0.18
0.20
0.21
0.23
0.24
0.26
0.27
0.29
0.30
0.32
0.34
0.35
0.37
0.39
0.40
0.42
0.44
0.45
0.47
0.49
0.50

Thaus
189
189
190
191
191
192
193
194
194
195
195
196
197
197
198
198
199
200
200
201
201
202
202
203
203
204
204
205
205
206
207
207
208
208
209
209
210
210
211
211
212
212
213
214
214
215
215
216
216
217
217
218
218
219
219
220
221
221
222
222
223
224
224
225
225
226
226
227
228

SELFACTUALIZATIN
Logits
Thaus
-0.99
175
-0.97
176
-0.95
177
-0.93
177
-0.91
178
-0.89
179
-0.86
180
-0.84
181
-0.82
181
-0.80
182
-0.78
183
-0.76
183
-0.74
184
-0.73
184
-0.71
185
-0.69
186
-0.67
187
-0.65
187
-0.63
188
-0.61
189
-0.59
189
-0.57
190
-0.56
190
-0.54
191
-0.52
192
-0.50
193
-0.48
193
-0.47
194
-0.45
194
-0.43
195
-0.41
196
-0.40
196
-0.38
197
-0.36
197
-0.34
198
-0.33
198
-0.31
199
-0.29
200
-0.27
201
-0.26
201
-0.24
202
-0.22
202
-0.21
203
-0.19
203
-0.17
204
-0.15
205
-0.14
205
-0.12
206
-0.10
207
-0.09
207
-0.07
208
-0.05
208
-0.03
209
-0.02
209
0.00
210
0.02
211
0.03
211
0.05
212
0.07
212
0.09
213
0.10
214
0.12
214
0.14
215
0.16
216
0.18
216
0.19
217
0.21
217
0.23
218
0.25
219

42

SECURITY
Logits
-0.65
-0.63
-0.61
-0.59
-0.57
-0.55
-0.53
-0.51
-0.49
-0.47
-0.45
-0.43
-0.41
-0.39
-0.37
-0.36
-0.34
-0.32
-0.30
-0.28
-0.27
-0.25
-0.23
-0.21
-0.20
-0.18
-0.16
-0.14
-0.13
-0.11
-0.09
-0.08
-0.06
-0.04
-0.02
-0.01
0.01
0.03
0.04
0.06
0.08
0.09
0.11
0.13
0.14
0.16
0.18
0.20
0.21
0.23
0.25
0.26
0.28
0.30
0.32
0.33
0.35
0.37
0.39
0.41
0.42
0.44
0.46
0.48
0.50
0.52
0.53
0.55
0.57

Thaus
187
188
189
189
190
191
191
192
193
194
194
195
196
196
197
197
198
199
200
200
201
201
202
203
203
204
204
205
205
206
207
207
208
209
209
210
210
211
211
212
213
213
214
215
215
216
216
217
217
218
219
219
220
221
221
222
222
223
224
224
225
225
226
227
228
228
229
229
230

SOCIOCENTRIC
Logits
-0.83
-0.81
-0.79
-0.77
-0.75
-0.73
-0.71
-0.69
-0.67
-0.65
-0.63
-0.62
-0.60
-0.58
-0.56
-0.54
-0.53
-0.51
-0.49
-0.47
-0.46
-0.44
-0.42
-0.41
-0.39
-0.37
-0.36
-0.34
-0.32
-0.31
-0.29
-0.27
-0.26
-0.24
-0.22
-0.21
-0.19
-0.17
-0.16
-0.14
-0.12
-0.11
-0.09
-0.08
-0.06
-0.04
-0.03
-0.01
0.01
0.02
0.04
0.06
0.07
0.09
0.11
0.13
0.14
0.16
0.18
0.19
0.21
0.23
0.25
0.27
0.28
0.30
0.32
0.34
0.36

Thaus
181
182
182
183
184
184
185
186
187
187
188
188
189
190
190
191
191
192
193
194
194
195
195
196
196
197
197
198
199
199
200
201
201
202
202
203
203
204
204
205
206
206
207
207
208
209
209
210
210
211
211
212
212
213
214
215
215
216
216
217
217
218
219
219
220
221
221
222
223

Dimension
Score
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210

EGOCENTRIC
Logits
0.59
0.61
0.62
0.64
0.66
0.68
0.70
0.72
0.74
0.76
0.78
0.80
0.83
0.85
0.87
0.89
0.91
0.94
0.96
0.98
1.01
1.03
1.06
1.08
1.11
1.13
1.16
1.19
1.22
1.25
1.28
1.31
1.34
1.37
1.41
1.44
1.48
1.52
1.56
1.60
1.64
1.69
1.74
1.79
1.84
1.90
1.96
2.03
2.10
2.17
2.26
2.35
2.45
2.56
2.68
2.82
2.98
3.18
3.41
3.71
4.13
4.84
6.06

Thaus
231
231
232
232
233
234
235
235
236
237
237
238
239
240
240
241
242
243
244
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
262
263
265
266
267
269
271
273
274
277
279
281
284
286
289
292
296
300
304
309
314
321
329
340
355
379
422

MANIPULATIVE
Logits
0.52
0.54
0.56
0.57
0.59
0.61
0.63
0.65
0.67
0.69
0.71
0.73
0.75
0.77
0.79
0.81
0.83
0.86
0.88
0.90
0.93
0.95
0.97
1.00
1.03
1.05
1.08
1.11
1.14
1.17
1.20
1.23
1.26
1.30
1.33
1.37
1.41
1.45
1.49
1.53
1.58
1.62
1.68
1.73
1.78
1.84
1.91
1.98
2.05
2.13
2.21
2.31
2.41
2.52
2.65
2.79
2.96
3.15
3.39
3.69
4.11
4.82
6.04

Thaus
228
229
230
230
231
231
232
233
233
234
235
236
236
237
238
238
239
240
241
242
243
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
256
257
258
259
261
262
264
265
267
269
271
272
274
277
279
282
285
287
291
294
298
303
308
314
320
329
339
354
379
421

SELFACTUALIZATIN
Logits
Thaus
0.27
219
0.29
220
0.30
221
0.32
221
0.34
222
0.36
223
0.38
223
0.40
224
0.42
225
0.44
225
0.46
226
0.48
227
0.50
228
0.52
228
0.55
229
0.57
230
0.59
231
0.61
231
0.64
232
0.66
233
0.68
234
0.71
235
0.73
236
0.76
237
0.78
237
0.81
238
0.84
239
0.86
240
0.89
241
0.92
242
0.95
243
0.98
244
1.01
245
1.05
247
1.08
248
1.12
249
1.15
250
1.19
252
1.23
253
1.27
254
1.31
256
1.36
258
1.41
259
1.46
261
1.51
263
1.57
265
1.63
267
1.69
269
1.76
272
1.84
274
1.92
277
2.01
280
2.11
284
2.22
288
2.34
292
2.48
297
2.64
302
2.84
309
3.07
317
3.37
328
3.80
343
4.51
368
5.73
411

43

SECURITY
Logits
0.59
0.61
0.63
0.65
0.67
0.69
0.71
0.73
0.75
0.77
0.79
0.82
0.84
0.86
0.88
0.91
0.93
0.95
0.98
1.00
1.03
1.05
1.08
1.10
1.13
1.16
1.19
1.22
1.25
1.28
1.31
1.34
1.38
1.41
1.45
1.48
1.52
1.56
1.61
1.65
1.70
1.74
1.80
1.85
1.91
1.97
2.03
2.10
2.18
2.26
2.35
2.45
2.55
2.67
2.80
2.95
3.12
3.32
3.56
3.87
4.30
5.02
6.24

Thaus
231
231
232
233
233
234
235
236
236
237
238
239
239
240
241
242
243
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
261
262
263
265
266
268
270
271
273
275
277
279
281
284
286
289
292
296
299
303
308
313
319
326
335
345
361
386
428

SOCIOCENTRIC
Logits
0.38
0.40
0.42
0.44
0.46
0.48
0.50
0.52
0.54
0.56
0.58
0.60
0.63
0.65
0.67
0.69
0.72
0.74
0.77
0.79
0.82
0.84
0.87
0.90
0.93
0.96
0.99
1.02
1.05
1.08
1.11
1.15
1.18
1.22
1.26
1.30
1.34
1.38
1.42
1.47
1.51
1.56
1.62
1.67
1.73
1.79
1.85
1.92
1.99
2.07
2.16
2.25
2.35
2.46
2.59
2.73
2.90
3.09
3.33
3.63
4.05
4.77
5.99

Thaus
223
224
225
225
226
227
228
228
229
230
230
231
232
233
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
239
240
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
253
254
256
257
258
260
261
263
265
267
268
271
273
275
277
280
282
286
289
292
296
301
306
312
318
327
337
352
377
420

Category Descriptors for Ranges of Measures
We now need to determine the ranges of measures with which to categorize the intensities
of measures on these five dimensions. The distribution of respondents into the categories
that may be described as "Low", "Fairly Low", "Average", "Fairly High", and "High" on each
dimension may be assumed to follow a normal distribution.
We define measures 2.0 standard deviations above the mean to be "High" while those 2.0
standard deviations below the mean to be "Low" on their measures for the respective
dimensions. We also define measures within 0.8 standard deviations above and below the
mean to be "Average" measures. Those within the range between 0.8 to 2.0 standard
deviations above the mean are defined as "Fairly High" on that dimension, while those
between -0.8 to -2.0 standard deviations below the mean are defined as "Fairly Low" on that
dimension. These cut-off values and their ranges are shown in Table 21. For the purpose of
determining the magnitude of the mean standard deviation to use, values from the equation
analysis where the complete matrix for all five dimensions was run to calibrate all items, is
used. In that run, the mean was 0.36 logits, standard deviation was 0.19.
Table 21. Range of Standard Deviations, Logits and Thaus for the Five
Intensity Categories for All five Dimensions
Category
Low

Range of S.D.

Logit Range

Thau Range

≤ -2.0

≤ -0.02

≤ 209

Fairly Low

-1.99 to -0.79

-0.01 to +0.20

210 to 216

Average

-0.80 to +0.80

+0.21 to +0.51

217 to 228

Fairly High

+0.81 to +1.99

+0.52 to +0.73

229 to 235

≥ +2.0

≥ +0.74

≥ 236

High

This means that a person measuring -2.0 logits or less (209 thaus or less) on any of the five
dimensions will be said to have LM, or LSE or LSO or LSA or LE. Likewise if he measures
between +0.21 to +0.51 logits (217 to 228 thaus), he is said to have EM, or ESE or ESO or
ESA or EE.
With each of the dimensions having five intensity categories, the combination of category
intensities over the five dimensions for each person is 5 5= 3125, which means by combining
the five dimensions, there are 3125 possibilities of interpreting the intensities of the five
dimensions for each person’s profile.
It should be noted that for some jobs with specific nature of tasks, just three or four out of
these five dimensions need to be more prominent or dominant and in a certain rank of
intensities. As such, combinations of these traits may be measured within individuals to
guide employers or heads of departments as to which person is appropriate for which job
and which position within an organization. Profiles of persons on three, four or five
dimensions may be obtained which will help determine his or her job fit, training needs,
promotion, career fit, succession planning, leadership, communication, talent management
and many more.

44

Conclusion
An important property of a measurement instrument is linearity because without linearity
there cannot be objectivity of measurement. It is clear from the processes described in this
study and from the measurement outcomes shown, that the use of raw scores for
interpretations of the intensities of each trait dimension, can lead to spurious descriptions of
their profiles because equal scores on the different dimensions do not mean equal intensities
as shown by the results of the equating of the five dimensions on to a common logit scale.
The conversion of the logit scale through a linear transformation into a more practical scale
to which we have given the unit "thau", avoids the use of negative values of person
measures which result from centering of the item calibrations on its mean, in the Rasch
Analysis.

KYKO Validation and Calibration of items research by Prof. Dr. Lee Ong Kim
August 26, 2012

45

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