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Two key barriers to human communication are Ans: distance and language 3. Electronic communications was discovered in which century? Ans: 19th 4. Which of the following is not a major communications medium? Ans: Water 5. Random interference to transmitted signals is called Ans: noise 6. The communications medium causes the signal to be Ans: attenuated 7. Which of the following is not a source of noise? Ans: Another communications signal 8. One-way communications is called Ans: simplex 9. Simultaneous two-way communications is called Ans: Full duplex 10.The original electrical information signal to be transmitted is called the Ans: Baseband signal 11.The process of modifying a high frequency carrier with the information to be transmitted is called Ans: modulation 12.The process of transmitting two or more information signals simultaneously over the same channel is called Ans: Multiplexing
21.Radio signals are made up of Ans: Electric and magnetic fields 22.The voice frequency range is Ans: 300 to 3000 Hz 23.Another name for signals in the HF range is Ans: shortwaves 24.Television broadcasting occurs in which ranges? Ans: VHF 25.Electromagnetic waves produced primarily by heat are called Ans: infrared rays 26.A micron is Ans: One-millionth of a meter 27.The frequency range of infrared rays is approximately Ans: 0.7 to 100μm 28.The approximately wavelength of red light is Ans: 7000 Ǻ 29.Which of the following is not used for communications Ans: X-rays 30.A signal occupies the spectrum space from 1.115 to 1.122 GHz. The bandwidth is Ans: 7 MHz the united states, the electromagnetic spectrum is regulated and managed by Ans: FCC 32.For a given bandwidth signal, more channel space is available for signals in the range of Ans: EHF Chapter 2: AM and SSB Modulation 1. Having an information signal characteristic of a carrier signal is called Ans: modulation change some
being Ans: Baseband
voice or video signals are referred to as
2. Which of the following is not true about AM? Ans: The carrier frequency changes 3. The opposite of modulation is Ans: Demodulation 4. The circuit used to produced modulation is called a Ans: demodulator 5. A modulator circuit performs what mathematical operation on its two inputs? Ans: Multiplication 6. The ratio of the peak modulating signal voltage to the peak carrier voltage is referred to as Ans: the modulation index
14.Recovering information from a carrier is known as Ans: Detection 15.Transmission of graphical information over the telephone network is accomplished by Ans: facsimile
16. Measuring physical conditions at some remote location
and transmitting this data for analysis is the process of Ans: Telemetry 17.Receiving electromagnetic emissions from stars is called Ans: Radio-astronomy 18.A personal communications hobby for individuals is Ans: ham radio 19.Radar is based upon Ans: reflected radio signals 20.A frequency approximately Ans: 11m of 27MHz has a wavelength of
7. If m is greater than 1, what happens? Ans: information signal is distorted
8. For ideal AM, which of the following is true? Ans: m = 1 9. The outline of the peaks of a carrier has the shape of the modulating signal and is called the Ans: envelop COMMUNICATION ELECTRONIC 2ND EDITION - FRENZEL
©2008 Created by Kai Raimi – BHC
Ans: 876.9 A.FRENZEL ©2008 Created by Kai Raimi – BHC 2 . Amplitude modulators that vary the carrier amplitude with the modulating signal by passing it through an attenuator work on the principle of Ans: Variable resistance 5. An AM signal without the carrier is called a(n) Ans: DSB 23.8485. An AM transmiiter antenna current is measured with no modulation and found to be 2. 400V PEP = 2 2 52 Ω = 384. With modulation. and 3. The output is Ans: 3. An AM transmitter has a percentage of modulation of 88. The output power of an SSB transmitter is usually expressed in terms of Ans: Peak envelope power 35. Overmodulation occurs when Ans: Vm > Vc 11.5 kHz has a total bandwidth of Ans: 9 kHz 28. Most of the power in an AM signal is the Ans: Carrier 16.10. The process of translating a signal. An AM signal with a maximum modulating signal frequency of 4. What is the carrier power in the problem above if the antenna resistance is 75 ohms? Ans: 507 W 21. The main advantage of SSB over standard AM or DSB is Ans: Less spectrum space is used 25. The percentage of modulation is 80 percent. the negative half of the AM wave is supplied by a(n) Ans: Tuned circuit 3. with or without modulation. The percentage of modulation is Ans: 80. 1. 3. An SSB transmitter produces a 400 V peak-to-peak signal across a 52 ohms antenna load. The power in one sideband is Ans: 85 W 19. which sideband is the best to use? Ans: neither upper or lower 26. The average output power is in the range of Ans: 250 to 333 W Solution: PEP = 333W 3 PEP = 250W Vavg 2 = 4 Vavg 1 = Chapter 3: AM Circuits . An SSB transmitter has a PEP rating of 1 kW. The typical audio modulating frequency range used in radio and telephone communications is Ans: 300 Hz to 3 kHz 27.5 kHz 14. The percentage of modulation is Ans: 70 percent 20.6 A.2 MHz 32. The component used to produce AM at very high frequencies is a Ans: Varactor COMMUNICATION ELECTRONIC 2ND EDITION . For 100 percent modulation.5 and 883.5 kHz sine wave modulating tone is Ans: 3. In a diode modulator. The carrier power is 440 W. Amplitude modulation is the same as Ans: Analog multiplication 2. to a higher or lower frequency for processing is called Ans: frequency conversion 30. A filter selects the difference signal. The new signals produced by modulation are called Ans: sidebands 13.6 W 17.85 MHz carrier and a 1. A display of signal amplitude versus frequency is called the Ans: frequency domain 15.6 % 12. respectively.3. In an AM signal. The output of an SSB transmitter with a 3. Amplitude modulation can be produced by Ans: Having the carrier vary a resistance 4.5 W Solution: 31. Frequency translation is carried out by a circuit called a Ans: converter An input signal of 1.8 and 0. What is the minimum AM signal needed to transmit information? Ans: One sideband 24.5 kHz sine wave.85. The LSB and USB are. Distortion of the modulating signal harmonics which cause an increase in the signal Ans: bandwidth produces 29. An AM signal has a carrier power of 5 W. In SSB. what percentage of power is in each sideband? Ans: 25 percent 18. The PEP output is Ans: 384. the transmitted information is contained within the Ans: sidebands 22.8 MHz is mixed with a local oscillation of 5 MHz. The values of Vmax and Vmin as read from an AM wave on an oscilloscope are 2. In Fig.5W 34.8515 MHz 33. A carrier of 880 kHz is modulated by a 3. 3-4. the current rises to 2. D1 is a Ans: Variable resistor 6. The total sideband power is Ans: 1.
5 = 12 W 10. In down conversion. m = 96 V 9. Which of the following can be used as a mixer Ans: Balanced modulator.5 MHz 14. The most commonly used amplitude demodulator is the Ans: Envelope detector 12.5 A. The outputs are Ans: 500 kHz and 2. The circuit that recovers the original modulating information from an AM signal is known as a Ans: demodulator 11.8 MHz. 29. The output of a balanced modulator is Ans: DSB 17. The modulator power for 100 percent modulation is Ans: 12 W Solution: P = VI = 24 x 0. In PM.0 MHz – 3 kHz = 2997 kHz USB = 3. which of the following mixer output signals is selected Ans: fo . If the amplitude of the modulating signal decreases. The modulating signal is 3 kHz. Chapter 4: FM 1. carrier frequency deviation is not proportional to: Ans: Carrier amplitude and frequency 8. The principal circuit in the popular 1496/1596 IC balanced modulator is a Ans: Differential amplifier 18. The equivalent circuit of a quartz crystal is a Ans: Series resonant circuit and parallel resonant circuit 20. Amplitude modulation generated at a very low voltage or power amplitude is known as Ans: Low-level modulation 8. Both FM and PM are types of kind of modulation? Ans: Angle 3.0 MHz + 3 kHz = 3003 kHz 22.0 MHz. the diodes act like Ans: switches 16. one sideband is canceled out due to Ans: phase shift 23. The local oscillator frequency is Ans: 157.fm 26. The most commonly used filter in SSB generator uses Ans: RC networks and op-amps 19. A balanced modulator used to demodulate a SSB signal is called a(n) Ans: converter 24. An NE602 mixer IC has a difference output of 10. To compensate for increases in carrier frequency deviation with an increase in modulating signal frequency. COMMUNICATION ELECTRONIC 2ND EDITION . The input is 146. The amount of frequency deviation from the carrier center frequency in an FM transmitter is proportional to what characteristic of the modulating signal? Ans: Amplitude 2. The peak-to-peak amplitude of the modulating signal for 100 percent modulation is Ans: 96 V Solution: Vmp-p = 2Vc . On an FM signal.502 MHz. A circuit that generates the upper and lower sidebands but no carrier is called a(a) Ans: Balanced modulator 13.5 MHz. A crystal lattice filter has crystal frequencies of 27. The desired output from a mixer is usually selected with a Ans: Crystal filter The two main inputs to a mixer are the signal to be translated and a signal from a(n) Ans: Local oscillator 30. Mixing for frequency conversion is the same as Ans: Liner summing 27. Maximum frequency deviation of a PM signal occurs at Ans: Zero crossing points 7. In PM.5 and 27. the following carrier frequencies must be produced: Ans: 2997 and 3003 kHz Solution: LSB = 3. the carrier deviation Ans: decreases 4. FET and Diode modulator 28. Frequency translation is done with a circuit called a Ans: mixer The inputs to a mixer are fo and fm. A collector modulated transmitter has a supply voltage of 24 V and a collector current of 0. An SSB generator has a sideband filter centered at 3.7 MHz 25. A widely used balanced modulator is called the Ans: lattice modulator 15. maximum deviation occurs at what point on the modulating signal? Ans: Both positive and negative peak amplitude 5. The bandwidth is approximately Ans: 2 kHz Solution: BW = f2 – f1 = 27. In a diode ring modulator. The inputs to a balanced modulator are 1 MHz and a carrier of 1.FRENZEL ©2008 Created by Kai Raimi – BHC 3 . To produce both upper and lower sidebands.7.5MHz = 2 kHz 21.5 MHz Solution: fo = 146.8 MHz + 10.502MHz–27. In the phasing method of SSB generation. a frequency shift occurs while characteristic of the modulating signal is changing? Ans: Amplitude what 6. A collector modulator has a supply voltage of 48 V.7 MHz.
5 4000 12. A 200 kHz carrier is modulated by a 2. The bandwidth by Carson’s rule is Ans: 48 kHz Solution: BW = 2 (δmax + fmax) BW = 2 (12 kHz + 12 kHz) = 48 kHz The maximum allowed deviation of the FM sound signal in TV is 25 kHz. An FM transmitter has a maximum deviation of 12 kHz and a maximum modulating frequency of 12 kHz.5 Solution: Solution: m = 1 80 0 0 = 0 . How many significant sideband pairs are produced? Ans: 7 Solution: m = 4 000 =4 1000 By using Bessel’s Table. Noise interferes mainly with modulating signals that are Ans: high frequencies 27. The receiver circuit that rids FM of noise is the Ans: Limiter 23. 5-3. m = 5 00 0 0 = 1 2 . Pre-emphasis is compensated for at the receiver by Ans: low-pass filter 30. A 100 MHz carrier is deviated 50 kHz by a 4 kHz signal. The depletion region in a junction diode forms what part of a capacitor Ans: dielectric 3.5 kHz signal. The capacitance of a varactor diode is in what general range Ans: pF 5. The maximum deviation of an FM carrier is 2 kHz by a maximum modulating signal of 400 Hz. The deviation ratio is Ans: 5 Solution: m = 2000 = 5 400 13. The FM produced by PM is called Ans: Indirect FM 10. The AM signals generated at a low level may only be amplified by what type of amplifier? Ans: Linear 25. What is the bandwidth of the FM signal described in question 13 above? Ans: 14 kHz Solution: BW = 2Nfmax BW = 2 (7) (1000) = 14 kHz 15. Noise is primarily Ans: High frequency spikes 22. R2 18. the percent modulation is Ans: 72% ©2008 Created by Kai Raimi – BHC Chapter 5: FM Circuits 1. 14. the varactor diode is biased by which components? Ans: R1. COMMUNICATION ELECTRONIC 2ND EDITION . In Fig. A pre-emphasis circuit is a Ans: high pass filter 29. The cut-off frequency of pre-emphasis and deemphasis circuits is Ans: 2. A 70 kHz carrier has a frequency deviation of 4 kHz with a 1000 Hz signal. The fourth pair of sidebands are spaced from the carrier by Ans: 10 kHz Solution: 4th sideband = 4 (2. If the actual deviation is 18 kHz.what circuit is used between the modulating signal and the phase modulator? Ans: Low-pass filter 9.7 2 25000 Which of the following is not a major benefit of FM over AM? Ans: Lower complexity and cost 20. Another name for a VVC is Ans: varactor diode 2.5 kHz) = 10 kHz 17. The primary disadvantage of FM is its Ans: Excessive use of spectrum space 21. a modulation index of 4. What is the relative amplitude of the third pair of sidebands of an FM signal with m = 6 Ans: 0. Frequency modulation transmitters are more efficient because their power is increased by what type of amplifier Ans: class C 26. The modulation index is Ans: 12. Pre-emphasis circuits boost frequencies before modulation? Ans: high frequencies 28. The phenomenon of a strong FM signal dominating a weaker signa on a common frequency is referred to as the Ans: capture effect 24. has 7 significant sidebands. If the amplitude of the modulating signal applied to a phase modulator is constant.FRENZEL 4 .122 kHz what modulating 19. the output signal will be Ans: The carrier frequency 11. Increasing the reverse bias on a varactor diode will cause its capacitance Ans: decrease 4.11 16.
An FM demodulator that uses a differential amplifier and tuned circuits to convert frequency variations into voltage variations is the Ans: Differential peak detector 24. the VCO output must be Ans: 2 MHz 26. Which discriminator averages pulses in a low-pass filter? Ans: Quadrature detector 16. Which of the following is true about the NE566 IC? Ans: it is a VCO 23. the voltage at point A when the input frequency is below the FM center frequency is Ans: positive Chapter 6: Radio Transmitters 1. Which frequency demodulator is considered the best overall? Ans: PLL 17. if the reverse bias on D 1 is reduced. In Fig. 3. 22. The output amplitude of the phase detector in a quadrature detector is proportional to Ans: pulse width 25. What is the center frequency of the oscillator prior to FM? Ans: 206 MHz Solution: 21. 5-10. R4 is the Ans: deviation control 11. The band of frequencies over which a PLL will acquire or recognize an input signal is called the Ans: capture range 29. the PLL acts like a Ans: Bandpass filter 30. Decreasing the input frequency to a locked PLL will cause the VCO output to Ans: jump to the free-running frequency 27.6MHz 8. the voltage across C6 is Ans: directly proportional to frequency deviation 20. An FM transmitter has a 9 MHz crystal carrier oscillator and frequency multipliers of 2. A crystal oscillator whose frequency can be changed by an input voltage is called a(n) Ans: VXO 13. Over a narrow range of frequencies. Which of the following frequency demodulators requires an input limiter? Ans: Foster-Seeley discriminator 15. Which oscillators are preferred for carrier generators because of their good frequency stability? Ans: crystal 14. The frequency change of a crystal oscillator produced by a varactor diode is Ans: small 8. f= 1 2Π LC CT = 35 pF + 40 pF =75 pF f = 1 2Π (50 µH)(75pF) = 2. In Fig. Bias for a class C amplifier produced by an input RC network is known as Ans: signal bias 6. 5-8. The most efficient RF power amplifier is which class amplifier? Ans: C 18. 5-7. 5-8. A circuit that isolates the carrier oscillator from load changes is called a Ans: buffer amplifier 4. the resonant frequency of C1 Ans: decreases 7. The small frequency change produced by a phase modulator can be increased by using a(n) Ans: frequency multiplier 12. A phase modulator varies the phase shift of the Ans: carrier 9. The input to a PLL is 2 MHz. The output of a PLL frequency demodulator is taken from Ans: low-pass filter 10. In a pulse averaging discriminator.In Fig. In Fig. 4. In order for the PLL to be locked. Class C amplifiers are not used in which type of transmitter? Ans: SSB 3. R3 and C6 form which kind of circuit? Ans: De-emphasis 19. The range of frequencies over which a PLL will track input signal variations is known as the Ans: lock range 28. the pulses are produced by a(n) Ans: zero crossing detector A reactance modulator looks like a capacitance of 35 pF in parallel with the oscillator-tuned circuit whose inductance is 50 μH and capacitance is 40 pF. The output frequency is Ans: 216 MHz Solution f = 9 MHz x 2 x 3 x 4 = 216 MHz 7. A class B amplifier conducts for how many degrees of an input sine wave? o Ans: 180 5. Collector current in a class C amplifier is a Ans: Pulse COMMUNICATION ELECTRONIC 2ND EDITION . In Fig. Which of the following circuits is not typically part of every radio transmitter? Ans: mixer 2.FRENZEL ©2008 Created by Kai Raimi – BHC 5 . 5-3. The widest phase variation is obtained with a(n) Ans: LC resonant circuit 6.
The IF is Ans: 9 MHz Solution: IF = fo – fs = 59 MHz – 50 MHz = 9 MHz A signal 2 times the IF away from the desired signal that causes interference is referred to as a(n) Ans: Image 8. Which of the following is not a benefit of speechprocessing circuits? Ans: improved frequency stability 20. In a speech-processing circuit.6 MHz. A toroid is a Ans: Magnetic core 15. Most of the gain and selectivity in a superhet is obtained in the Ans: IF amplifier 4. Impedance matching in a broadband linear RF amplifier is handled with a(n) Ans: balun A class C amplifier has a supply voltage of 24 V and a collector current of 2. ©2008 Created by Kai Raimi – BHC 6 .78pF 2πf XC 2π (27M)(25) NP = Ns NP = Ns ZP ZS 6 = 0 . 1 0 (5 0) = R1R2 = = 25 XC 20 XL C= 1 1 = = 235.89nH 118nH ≅ 2π (27M ) 2 16. The ability of a receiver to separate one signal from others on closely adjacent frequencies is called the Ans: selectivity 6.2 8 9 72 Chapter 7: Communications Receivers 1. Neutralization is the process of Ans: cancelling the effect of internal device capacitance Maximum power transfer occurs when what relationship exists between the generator impedance ZI and the load impedance Zl? Ans: Zi = Zl 13.FRENZEL 18. The RF output power is Ans: 48 Solution: @ 100 %: P100 = VI = 60 W @ 80 %: P80 = 0. 7. What values of L and C in an L network are required to match a 10 Ω transistor amplifier impedance to a 50 Ω load at 27 MHz? Ans: L = 118 nH. A mixer has a signal input of 50 MHz and an LO frequency of 59 MHz.2 MHz COMMUNICATION ELECTRONIC 2ND EDITION . The gain of a transistor amplifier is Ans: directly proportional to collector current 23. The simplest receiver is a(n) Ans: tuned circuit 2. a transformer must have a turns ration NP/NS of Ans: 0.8 P100 P80 = 0. a clipper circuit eliminates Ans: splatter 3. In an AM transmitter.289 Solution: 21.5 A.9. The sensitivity of a receiver depends upon the receiver’s overall Ans: Gain 5. A receiver has a desired input signal of 18 MHz and an LO frequency of 19. The maximum power of typical transistor RF power amplifiers is in what range? Ans: Hundreds of watts 10. the Ans: mixer The key conceptual circuit in a superhet receiver is 17. XL= 2πfL XL = (10)(50)− 10 = 20Ω L= XL = 117.8 (60) = 48 W 19. a low-pass filter prevents Ans: excessive signal bandwidth 22. Its efficiency is 80 %. Self-oscillation in a transistor amplifier is usually caused by Ans: internal capacitance 11. The image frequency is Ans: 21. Which of the following is not commonly used for impedance matching in a transmitter? Ans: Resistive attenuator To a match a 6 Ω amplifier impedance to a 72 Ω antenna load. Which of the following is not a benefit of a toroid RF inductor? Ans: Self-supporting 14. C = 236 pF Solution: 2 XL = R1R2 −R1 12.
10dB. 38. The bandwidth is Ans: 40 kHz Solution: BW = fr / Q = 4 MHz / 100 = 40 kHz 12. Noise can be reduced by Ans: narrowing the BW 16. Usually AGC voltage is derived by the Ans: demodulator 28. The upper and lower cutoff frequencies of a tuned circuit are 1. 35. the IF for a 30 MHz signal would be Ans: 55 MHz 11. the VCO output frequency Ans: 3.6 kHz and a 60 dB bandwidth of 14 kHz. a strong signal will cause the collector current to Ans: decrease 27. detector. AF amplifier. The circuit Q is Ans: 8 Solution: BW = 1.5 MHz respectively. The basic frequency synthesizer circuit is a(n) Ans: PLL 33. ©2008 Created by Kai Raimi – BHC 7 . Which noise figure represents the lowest noise Ans: 1.FRENZEL 24.5 MHz + (200 kHz / 2) = 100 kHz Q = fr / BW = 8 The noise voltage across a 300 Ω input resistance to a TV set with a 6 MHz bandwidth and a temperature of 30oC is Ans: 5.6 (smallest value) Which input signal below represents the best receiver sensitivity? Ans: 0.6 kHz = 5. Selectivity is obtained in most receivers from Ans: double-tuned circuits Widest bandwidth in a double-tuned circuit is obtained with Ans: overcoupling 25. V= V = 4kTBWR 4 7 k(2 3 +3 )(6 M z)(30 ) 0 H 0 Where k = 1. The bandwidth of a parallel LC circuit can be increased by Ans: decreasing XL 37. Noise at the input to a receiver can be as high as several Ans: microvolts 17.38 13. The total gain is Ans: 106 COMMUNICATION ELECTRONIC 2ND EDITION .6 MHz – 18 MHz = 1.6 dB (smallest value) 19. -4 dB. if the input reference is 25 kHz and the divide ratio is 144.38 Solution: Shape factor = 60 dB BW / 6 dB BW Shape factor = 14 kHz / 2. 28 dB. 20. The output of the frequency synthesizer is changed by varying the Ans: frequency division ratio In Fig 7-28. two IF amplifiers. A tuned circuit is resonant at 4 MHz. The shape factor is Ans: 5.3806503 x 10-23V = 5. Most internal noise comes from Ans: thermal agitation 14. 6dB.6 MHz fsi = fs + 2IF fsi = 18 MHz + 2 (1. A crystal filter has a 6 dB bandwidth of 2. Which filter shape factor represents the best skirt selectivity? Ans: 1. An AFC circuit is used to correct for Ans: frequency drift in the LO 29. The main cause of image interference is Ans: Poor front-end selectivity 10. Its Q is 100. A circuit keeps the audio cut off until a signal is received is known as Ans: a squelch 30.6 MHz 36.7 MHz – 1. The output frequency increment of a frequency synthesizer is determined by the Ans: reference input to the phase detector 34. Which of the following is not a source of external noise Ans: thermal agitation 15. 39.5 μV 21. Which of the following circuits are not typically shared in an SSB transceiver? Ans: mixers 32. each 33 dB.5 μV Solution: 26. The AGC circuits usually control the gain of the Ans: IF amplifier 23. Which circuit contributes most to the noise in a receiver? Ans: mixer 18.6 MHz) fsi = 21.Solution: IF = 19. A BFO is used in the demodulation of which types of signals? Ans: SSB or CW 31. Automatic gain control permits a wide range of signal amplitudes to be accommodated by controlling the gain of the Ans: IF amplifier In an IF amplifier with reverse AGC. mixer. Transistor with the lowest noise figure in the microwave region is a(n) Ans: MESFET 22.5 MHz = 200 kHz fr = 1.2 MHz 9. For best image rejection.5 μV The stage gains in a superheterodyne are follows RF amplifier.7 and 1.
Pulse-amplitude modulation signals are multiplexed by using Ans: FET switches 19. Converting analog signals to digital is done by sampling and Ans: Quantizing 23. + Gn GT = 10 + 6 + 33 + 33 + -4 + 28 = 106 dB A tuned circuit resonates at 12 MHz with an inductance of 5 μH whose resistance is 6 Ω.99 Q = XL / R = 376. keeping the multiplexer and DEMUX channels step with one another is done by a Ans: Sync pulse 21.FRENZEL 8 . Ans: T-1 A telephone system using TDM and PCM is called 40. Ans: FM Most FDM telemetry systems use An IC that contains A/D and D/A converters. For maximum absorption of power at the antenna. companders and parallel-to-serial converters is called Ans: Codec 28. the receiver clock is derived from Ans: The PAM signal itself 20.. Sampling an analog signal produces Ans: PAM 17. Which of the following is not a benefit of companding? Ans: Minimizes signal bandwidth 26. The circuit bandwidth is Ans: 191 kHz Solution: XL = 2πfL = 2π(12 MHz)( 5 μH) = 376. A quantizer is a(n) Ans: A/D converter 24. The circuit the performs demultiplexing in an FDM system is a(n) Ans: Bandpass filter 7. In PAM demultiplexing. In TDM. Which of the following is not a typical FDM application Ans: secure communications 6. each signal may use he full bandwidth of the channel Ans: True ©2008 Created by Kai Raimi – BHC Chapter 9: Antennas and Transmission lines 1. 8. the L – R signal Ans: DSB modulates a subcarrier 13. The characteristic impedance of a transmission line does not depend upon its Ans: none of the above Choices were: Length.Solution: GT = G1 + G2 + . multiple signals Ans: share a common bandwidth 3. Chapter 8: Multiplexing 1. 4. Emphasizing low-level signals and compressing higher-level signals is called Ans: Companding 25. Pulse-code modulation is preferred to PAM because of its Ans: Superior noise immunity 27. multiple signals Ans: take turns transmitting 15. The SCA signal if used in FM broadcasting is transmitted via Ans: A 67 kHz subcarrier 14.99 / 6 = 62. In FM stereo broadcasting. Transmitting data as serial binary words is called Ans: PCM 22.99 kHz In a receiver with noise-derived squelch. the L + R signal Ans: modulates the FM carrier 12. The modulation used in FDM telephone systems is Ans: SSB 10. The most commonly used transmission line is a Ans: Coax 2. The FDM telephone systems accommodate many channels by Ans: using multiple levels of multiplexing 11. Each signal in a an FDM system Ans: modulates a subcarrier 4.83 BW = fr / Q = 12 MHz / 62. Multiplexing is the process of Ans: sending multiple signals simultaneously over a single channel 2. Frequency modulation in FDM systems is usually accomplished with a Ans: VCO 5. In PAM/TDM system. Conductor Diameter and Conductor spacing Which of the following is not a common transmission line impedance? Ans: 120 Ω 3. The best frequency demodulator is the Ans: PLL discriminator 9. the presence of an audio signal causes the audio amplifier to be Ans: enabled 16. The maximum bandwidth that an analog signal use with a sampling frequency of 108 kHz is Ans: 54 kHz Solution: fn = fb / 2 = 108 kHz / 2 = 54 kHz 18. In FM stereo broadcasting. In TDM. In FDM.83 = 190. 41. the relationship between the characteristic impedance of the line ZO and the load impedance Zl should be COMMUNICATION ELECTRONIC 2ND EDITION .
The magnetic field of an antenna is perpendicular to the earth. 19.4 db per 100 ft. A popular half-wavelength antenna is the Ans: Dipole 17. Which beamwidth represents the best antenna directivity O Ans: 7 31. A shorted quarter-wave frequency acts like a(n) Ans: Parallel Resonant line at the operating 2. the length of a ground plane vertical at 146 MHz is Ans: 1. 25. Ans: 1 The desirable SWR on a transmission line is 5. 27 18. A direction antenna with two or more elements is known as a(n) Ans: Array A ratio expressing the percentage of incident voltage reflected on a transmission line is know as the Ans: Reflection coefficient 11.5 Solution: 10. The effective radiated power is Ans: 480 W Solution: P = GTPT = (15)(32) = 480 W 30. The length of a doublet at 27 MHz is Ans: 17.2 Vmax + Vmin 390 + 260 1 + | Γ | 1 + 0. Ans: circle The horizontal radiation pattern o a vertical dipole is 26. An antenna that transmits or receives equally well in all directions is said to be Ans: Omnidirectional 21. The impedance of a dipole is about Ans: 73 Ω 24.46 9. Ans: 0 The most desirable reflection coefficient is 8. The power applied to the antenna is 32 W. Which antenna has a unidirectional radiation pattern and gain Ans: Yagi 33.4db A dB = 100 ft × 275 = 6.33ft.Vmin 390 . In a Yagi antenna. A pattern of voltage and current variations along a transmission line not terminated in its characteristic impedance is called Ans: Standing waves 7. 15. The minimum voltage along a transmission line is 260 V.6 ft Solution: A 50 Ω coax is connected to a 73 Ω antenna. 2 2 f MHz 2(146) 23. A wide-bandwidth multielement driven array is the Ans: Log-periodic COMMUNICATION ELECTRONIC 2ND EDITION .6ft. transmission lines are used as Ans: Tuned Circuits 14. The horizontal radiation pattern of a dipole is a Ans: figure of 8 22. At very high frequencies.260 = = 0. A popular vertical antenna is the Ans: Ground plane ©2008 Created by Kai Raimi – BHC 9 .46 Solution: If RL > ZO : SWR = RL / ZO = 73 / 50 = 1. A shorted half-wave line at the operating frequency acts like a(n) Ans: Series Resonant Circuit 16.33 ft Solution: L= 468 f MHz = 468 = 17. while the maximum voltage is 390 V. Conductors in multielement antennas that do not receive energy directly from the transmission line are known as Ans: Parasitic elements 28.2 = = 1. The SWR is Ans: 1. The radiation pattern of collinear and broadside antennas Ans: Bidirectional 32. The antenna’s polarization Ans: is horizontal 20.5 1 − | Γ | 1 − 0. L 468 468 = = = 1. A coax has an attenuation of 2.2 SWR = 12. The attenuation for 275 ft is Ans: 6. Three feet is one wavelength at a frequency of Ans: 328 MHz 13. maximum direction of radiation is toward the Ans: Director 27. The SWR is Ans: 1.6 db Solution: | Γ |= Vmax .6dB An antenna has a power gain of 15.Ans: ZO = Zl The mismatch between antenna and transmission line impedances cannot be corrected for by Ans: Adjusting the length of transmission line 6.FRENZEL 29.
When the electric field in a waveguide is perpendicular to the direction of wave propagation. Coaxial cable is not widely used for long microwave transmission lines because of its Ans: high loss 7. The line-of-sight communications is not a factor in which frequency range? Ans: HF 40. and a height of 0. A magnetic field is introduced into a waveguide by a Ans: Probe 15.68. A microwave-transmitting antenna is 550 ft high. Refer to Fig. Which of the signals will not be passed by the waveguide? Ans: 15 GHz 11. UHF. The dominant mode in most waveguides is Ans: TE0.4m 2 2f MHz 2fMHz 2(30) λ 3. A rectangular waveguide has a width of 1 in. Which of the following is a microwave frequency Ans: 22 GHz 5. Which of the following is not a common microwave application? Ans: mobile radio 6.9GH z 2Width 2(0. The most common cross section of a wave guide is a Ans: rectangular 9. The type of radio wave responsible for long-distance communications by multiple skips is the Ans: Skywave 38. Varactor and step-recovery diodes are widely used in what type of circuit Ans: Frequency multiplier 19.2 ft Solution: f = c 3 ×10 8 m/s = = 5. Signal propagation in a waveguide is by Ans: Electric and magnetic fields 12.0254) 10. To increase the transmission distance of a UHF signal. The beam width of this antenna patter is approximately Ans: 60o 45. closed section of a waveguide that acts as a parallel resonant circuit is known as a(n) Ans: Cavity resonator 16. which of the following should be done? Ans: Increase antenna height 42. Stripline and microstrip transmission lines are usually made with Ans: PCBs 8. The maximum transmission distance is Ans: 53.FRENZEL Vp λ c Vf (300)(0. What is the length of a half wave at 30 MHz? Ans: 11. the mode is said to be Ans: Transverse electric 13.34.152ft 2 1m 43. Which type of diode does not ordinarily operate with reverse bias Ans: Tunnel COMMUNICATION ELECTRONIC 2ND EDITION .9 GHz Solution: 1 in = 0. Which transmission line has the lowest attenuation? Ans: Twin lead 44. A waveguide has a cutoff frequency of 17 GHz. A popular microwave mixer diode is the Ans: Gunn 18. Microwave signals propagate by way of the Ans: Direct wave 39. and microwave signals is called a(n) Ans: Repeater Chapter 10: Microwave Techniques 1. Radio communications are regulated in the United States by the Ans: Federal Communications Commission ©2008 Created by Kai Raimi – BHC 10 . Which of the following is not a disadvantage of microwaves? Ans: higher-cost equipment 4. The ionosphere has its greatest effect on signals in what frequency range? Ans: 3 to 30 MHz 37.16m i 41. Decreasing the volume of a cavity causes its resonant frequency to Ans: Increase 17.68 )f = = = = 3. The main benefit of using microwaves is Ans: More spectrum space 2. A half-wavelength. Its cutoff frequency is Ans: 5.0254 m d = 2 ht + 2 hr d = 2(550 ) + 2(400) =53.1 14.6 in.2 mi. The receiving antenna is 200 ft high.4m × = 11. 9-39. Ground-wave communications is most effective in what frequency range? Ans: 300 kHz to 3 MHz 35. Solution: 3. The ionosphere causes radio signals to be Ans: refracted 36. A coax has a velocity factor of 0. Which diode is a popular microwave oscillator Ans: Gunn 20.28ft = 3. A receiver-transmitter station used to increase the communications range of VHF.
the speed of the satellite Ans: Increases 2. velocity modulation of the electron beam is produced by the Ans: Buncher cavity 24.21.5 ) 4πA 10000 = 10. For proper operation. A satellite stays in orbit because the following 2 factor are balanced Ans: Gravitational pull and inertia 6. A magnetron is used only as a(n) Ans: oscillator 28. The point where the antenna is mounted with respect to the parabolic reflector is called Ans: Focal point 38.9956 = 10. Batteries are used to power all satellite subsystems Ans: During eclipse periods 11. The key electronic component in a communications satellite is the Ans: Transponder 4. The main power sources for a satellite are Ans: Solar cells 9. The satellite subsystem that monitors and controls the satellite is the Ans: Telemetry. The jet thrusters are usually fired to Ans: Maintain altitude COMMUNICATION ELECTRONIC 2ND EDITION . The operating frequency of klystrons and magnetrons is set by the Ans: Cavity resonator 27.FRENZEL 32. The gain is about Ans: 10. What happens when a horn antenna is made longer? Ans: Gain increases 34. A common application for magnetrons is in Ans: Radar 29.5 db Solution: GdB = 10 log 10. The diameter of a parabolic reflector should be at least how many wavelengths at the operating frequency? Ans: 10 37. the electron beam is density-modulated by a Ans: Helix 30. As the height of a satellite orbit gets lower. A circular orbit around the equator with a 24 h period is called a(n) Ans: Geostationary orbit 5. A reflex klystron is used as a(n) Ans: Oscillator 25. Most satellites operate in which frequency band? Ans: 3 GHz to 30 GHz 8. In a TWT. A pyramidal horn used at 5 GHz has an aperture that is 7 by 9 cm. tracking and command subsystem 12. A common omnidirectional microwave antenna is the Ans: Bicone 39. Low-power Gunn diodes are replacing Ans: Reflex klystrons 22. Using a small reflector to beam waves to the larger parabolic reflector is known as Ans: Cassegrain feed Increasing the diameter of a parabolic reflector causes which of the following Ans: Decreasing beamwidth and increasing gain 40.33 o ©2008 Created by Kai Raimi – BHC 11 .9956 G= 2 = 2 λ 3 × 10 8 5 × 10 9 35. The output of a helical antenna is Ans: Circularly polarized 42. 26. Given the frequency and dimensions in Question 34 above the beamwidth is about Ans: 53o Solution: G= 80 = w/λ 80 w 3 × 10 8 5 × 10 9 = 53. The maximum height of an elliptical orbit is called Ans: Apogee 10. High-power TWTs are replacing what in microwave amplifiers? Ans: klystrons Chapter 11: Introduction to Sat-Com 1. The height of a satellite in a synchronous equatorial orbit is Ans: 22300 mi 7. In a klystron amplifier. The main advantage of a TWT over a klystron for microwave amplification is Ans: Wider bandwidth 31. The basic technique used to stabilize a satellite is Ans: Spin 13. The main functions of a communications satellite is a a(a) Ans: Repeater 3.41 dB (7)(9) 4π (0. accompanied by a Ans: Permanent magnet a magnetron must be 36. A helical antenna is made up of a coil and a Ans: Reflector 41. Which of the following is not a microwave tube? Ans: Cathode-ray tube 23. The most widely used microwave antenna is a Ans: horn antenna 33.
A 9600 baud rate signal can pass over the voicegrade telephone line if which kind of modulation is used? Ans: QAM 19. The basic modulator and demodulator circuits in PSK are Ans: Balanced modulators 17. Which of the following is not a typical output from a GPS receiver? Ans: Speed ----------------------------------------------------------Chapter Communications 12: Data 1. The satellite communications transponder are defined by the Ans: Bandpass filter 19. The modulation normally used with digital data is Ans: QPSK 26. The receive GCE system in an earth station performs what function(s) Ans: Demodulation and demultiplexing 22. Which of the following types of HPA is not used in earth stations Ans: Magnetron 23. Bit errors in data transmission are usually cause by Ans: Noise 26. The characters making up the message in a synchronous transmission are collectively referred to as a data Ans: Block 25. A QAM modulator does not use a(n) Ans: XNOR 21. Which of the following is not a commonly used method of error detection? Ans: Redundancy 27. frequency. Ans: ASCII The most widely used data communications code is 9. are Ans: Space and mark 12. How can multiple earth stations share a satellite on the same frequency Ans: Frequency reuse 16. A common up-converter and down-converter IF is Ans: 70 MHz 24.14. A carrier recovery circuit is not needed with Ans: DPSK 16. Which of the following is not primarily a type of data communications Ans: Teletype 4. Digital signals may be transmitted over the telephone network if Ans: they are converted to analog first.FRENZEL 25. A synchronous transmission usually begins with which character? Ans: SYN 24. Mark and space refer respectively to Ans: Binary 1 and binary 0 6. The type of modulation used on voice and video signals is Ans: FM channels in a 7. and Computer data 2. Quadrature amplitude modulation is Ans: AM plus QPSK 20. Which of the following is not usually a part of a transponder Ans: Modulator 18. 11. A popular PC protocol is Ans: Xmodem 23. Data communications refer to the transmission of Ans: Voice. Which of the following words has the correct parity bit? Assume odd parity. The main reason that serial transmission is preferred to parallel transmission is that Ans: Serial requires multiple channels 5. A rule or procedure that defines how data is to be transmitted is called a(n) Ans: Protocol 22. The HPAs in most satellites are Ans: Klystrons 20. Most commercial satellite activity occurs in which bands? Ans: C and Ku 15. Video. Start and stop bits. or phase changes that take place per second is known ad the Ans: Baud rate ©2008 Created by Kai Raimi – BHC 12 . The number of amplitude. The ASCII code has Ans: 7 bits 10. A modem converts Ans: both analog signals to digital and digital signals to analog signals 14. Data communications uses Ans: Digital methods 3. respectively. The last bit is the parity bit Ans: 1100110 1 COMMUNICATION ELECTRONIC 2ND EDITION . The typical bandwidth of a satellite band is Ans: 500 MHz 17. Data transmission of one character at a time with start and stop bits is known as what type of transmission? Ans: Asynchronous 8. Which of the following is correct? Ans: The bit rate may be greater than the baud rate 13. The physical location of a satellite is determined by its Ans: Latitude and longtitude 21. The carrier used with a BPSK demodulator is Ans: The BPSK signal itself 18. Slow-speed modems use Ans: FSK 15.
The main circuit in a PSN generator is a(n) Ans: XOR 50. The operation of a fiber-optic cable is based on the principle of Ans: Reflection 4. Which of the following is not a common application of fiber-optic cable? Ans: Consumer TV 2. What is the minimum bandwidth required to transmit a 56 kbits/s binary signal with no noise? Ans: 28 kHz Solution: BW = fb/2 = 56 kbits/2 = 28 kHz 44. Which of the following is not a common type of fiberoptic cable? Ans: Single-mode grade-index 5. A longitudinal redundancy check produces a(n) Ans: Block check character 32. The building block of a parity or BCC generator is a(n) Ans: XOR 31. Which medium is the most widely used in LANs? Ans: Twisted pair 41.96 ) 46.075MHz log 2 (1 + 630.28. an SS signal appears to be like Ans: Noise 51. Which medium is the least susceptible to noise? Ans: Fiber-optic cable 40. Which of the following is not a LAN? Ans: Cable TV system 35. Transmitting the data signal directly over the medium is referred to as Ans: Baseband 42. The techniques of using modulation and FDM to transmit multiple data channels of a common medium is known as Ans: Broadband 43. Cable attenuation is usually expressed in terms of Ans: dB/km 6. What is the bandwidth required to transmit at a rate of 10Mbits/s in the presence of a 28-db S/N ratio? Ans: 1. A mainframe computer connected to multiple terminals and PCs usually uses which configuration? Ans: Star 38. Another name for parity is Ans: Vertical redundancy check 29. Spread spectrum is a form of multiplexing Ans: true 53. The channel bandwidth is 36 MHz. A small telephone switching system that can be used as a LAN is called a Ans: PBX 39. Dividing the data block by a constant produces a remainder that is used for error detection. Which circuit is common to bot frequency-hopping and direct-sequence SS transmitters? Ans: Frequency of operation 47. Which of the following is not a benefit of SS? Ans: Noise proof 52.96 BW = 10Mbits/s = 1. The most critical and difficult part of receiving a directsequence SS signal is Ans: Synchronism Chapter 13: Fiber Optic Communications 1.075 MHz Solution: C = BW log2(1+S/N) S/NdB = 10 log (S/N) S N dB 10 e= 10 = 5 × 10 −6 6 2 × 10 30. The maximum channel capacity is Ans: 288 Mbits/s Solution S = 10 N = 630. Spread spectrum stations sharing a band are identified by and distinguished from one another by Ans: PSN code 48. Which cable length has the highest attenuation? Ans: 2 km COMMUNICATION ELECTRONIC 2ND EDITION . To a conventional narrowband receiver. Ten bit errors occur in two million transmitted. Sixteen different levels (symbols) are used to encode binary data. A CRC generator uses which components? Ans: Shift register 34. The type of modulation most often used with directsequence SS is Ans: PSK 49. It is called the Ans: CRC 33. Total internal reflection takes place if the light ray strikes the interface at an angle with what relationship to the critical angle? Ans: greater than 3. Which is not a common LAN medium? Ans: Twin Lead 37.FRENZEL C = 2BWlog 2M ©2008 Created by Kai Raimi – BHC 13 . The bit error rate is Ans: 5 x 10-6 Solution: C = 2(36MHz) (log 2 (16)) = 288 Mbits/s 45. The fastest LAN topology is the Ans: Bus 36.
000. The attenuation in a cable 1000ft long is Ans: 4. Both LEDs and ILDs operate correctly with Ans: Forward bias 29. 3. Which of the following is not a major benefit of fiberoptic cable? Ans: Lower cost 12.57 dB Solution: 1000ft = 0. Printed documents to be transmitted by fax are converted into a baseband electrical signal by the process of Ans: Scanning 2.Ans: 29. Which type of fiber-optic cable is the most widely used? Ans: Multimode step-index 20. The speed of light is Ans: 300. Photodiodes operate properly with Ans: Reverse bias 34. Laser light is very bright because it is Ans: Coherent 31. Single-frequency light is called Ans: Monochromatic 30.km/s = 400bits/s 5 km 35. The product of the bit rate and distance of a fiberoptic system is 2Gbits-km/s.3048 km 17. A fiber-optic cable has a loss of 15 db/km.4 + 5. What is the maximum rate at 5 km? Ans: 400 Mbits/s Solution: Ratemax = 8. A popular light wavelength in fiber-optic cable is Ans: 1. The core of a fiber-optic cable is surrounded by Ans: Cladding 10.9 and 18 dB are linked together. The main benefit of light-wave communications over microwaves or any other communications media are Ans: Wider bandwidth 13. The speed of light in plastic compared to the speed of light in air is Ans: Less 11. Group 2 fax uses which modulation? Ans: Vestigial sideband AM 6.1 dB 26.3 μm 19. 20 Gbits . Most fiber-optic light sources emit light in which spectrum? Ans: Visible 28.8 + 3.3048 = 4.1 dB 7.57dB 25. A distance of 8 km is the same as Ans: 5 mi 24. The most commonly used light sensor in a modern fax machine is a Ans: Charge coupled device 3. Which light emitter is preferred for high-speed data in a fiber-optic system? Ans: Laser 27. Which fiber-optic system is better? Ans: 3 repeaters Chapter 14: Modern Comm Apps 1. Fiber-optic with attenuations of 1. Refraction is the Ans: Bending of light waves The ratio of the speed of light in air to the speed of light in another substance is called the Ans: Index of refraction 18.9 + 18 = 29. 5. Which type of fiber-optic cable is best for very high speed data? Ans: Single mode step-index 21. Which of the following is the fastest light sensor? Ans: Avalanche photodiode 33. Which of the following is not a factor in cable light loss? Ans: Reflection 23.8.4. The total loss is ©2008 Created by Kai Raimi – BHC 14 . Which type of fiber-optic cable has the least modal dispersion? Ans: Single mode step-index 22. Which of the following is not part of the optical spectrum Ans: X-rays 14. Which of the following is not a common detector? Ans: Photovoltaic diode 32. Which resolution produces the best quality fax? Ans: 400 lines per inch 5. Most fax printers are of which type? Ans: Thermal COMMUNICATION ELECTRONIC 2ND EDITION . The core of a fiber-optic cable is made of Ans: Glass 9. The most widely used fax standard is Ans: Group 3 7.000 m/s 16. The wavelength of visible light extends from Ans: 400 to 750 nm 15.FRENZEL σ = 15 × 0. In FM fax. the frequencies for black and white are Ans: 1500 and 2300 Hz 4. Group 3 fax uses which modulation? Ans: QAM 8. The upper pulse rate capacity of a cable is limited by Ans: Attenuation and information-carrying Solution: LossT = 1.
The Doppler Effect allows which characteristics of a target to be measured? Ans: Speed 29. What type of graphics is commonly transmitted by radio fax? Ans: Satellite weather photos 11. The maximum frequency deviation of an FM cellular transmitter is Ans: 12 kHz 17. the duplexer is a Ans: Pair of sharp bandpass filter ©2008 Created by Kai Raimi – BHC 15 . A receive channel frequency is 872.0111 5.12 ms. Receive channel 23 is Ans: 870. The receive channel frequency is Ans: 882.36 12. The master control center for a cellular telephone system is the Ans: Mobile telephone switching office 13.7nmi 12. The most common radar display is the Ans: Plan position indicator 35.69 MHz *in cellular radio systems.9. Cellular telephones use which type of operation? Ans: Full-duplex 16.6 MHz *in cellular radio systems.4 MHz + 82.66 MHz + 30 kHz fCH 23 = 870. The pulse duration of a radar signal is 600 ns. The output power of a cellular radio is controlled by the Ans: MTSO 22.6 MHz Solution: freceive = ftransmit + 45 MHz* freceive = 837. The Doppler effect is used to produce modulation of which type of radar signal? Ans: CW (Continuous-wave) 28.7 nmi Solution: D= T 120μ2 = = 9. Most radar antennas usa a Ans: Horn and parabolic reflector 34. Each cell site contains a Ans: Repeater 14.405ms PRF 185 PWT Duty Cycle = PRT PRT = Duty Cycle = 600ns × 100 = 0.6 MHz + 45 MHz freceive = 882.2 MHz IF. Multiple cells within an area may use the same channel frequencies Ans: True 15. Low-power radar transmitters and receiver LOs use which component? Ans: Gunn diode 32. Police radars use which technique? Ans: CW (Continuous-wave) 37. The transmission speed of group 4 fax is Ans: 56 kbits/s 12. Which of the following is a typical radar operating frequency? Ans: 10 GHz COMMUNICATION ELECTRONIC 2ND EDITION .6 MHz 21. Facsimile standards are set by the Ans: CCITT 10.4 MHz. The time from the transmission of a radar pulse to its reception is 0. The ability of a radar to determine the bearing to a target depends upon the Ans: Antenna directivity 26. the transmit frequencies are spaced 30 kHz apart 24. The most widely used radar transmitter component is a Ans: Magnetron 31.1 % Solution: 1 1 = = 5. The duty cycle is Ans: 1. The Doppler Effect is a change in what signal characteristic produced by relative motion between the radar set and a target? Ans: Frequency 30.66 MHz. To develop an 82. Receive channel 22 is 870. the frequency synthesizer must supply an LO signal of Ans: 954.405ms 27. What component in a duplexer protects the receiver from the high-power transmitter output? Ans: Spark gap 33.69 MHz Solution: fCH 23 = fCH 22 + 30 kHz* fCH 23 = 870. The maximum output power of a cellular transmitter is Ans: 3 W 18. The PRF is 185 pulses per second.6 MHz. The distance to the target is how many nautical miles? Ans: 9. A transmit channel has a frequency of 837.FRENZEL and receive 20.6 MHz Solution: fLO = fr + IF fLO = 872. A radar antenna using multiple dipoles or slot antennas in a matrix with variable phase shifters is called a(n) Ans: Phased array 36. In a cellular radio. receive channels are spaced 30 kHz apart 19.36 25.2 MHz fLO = 954. When the signal from a mobile cellular unit drops below a certain level. what action occurs? Ans: The unit is “handed off” to a closer cell 23.
TV signal? Ans: 525 42. The assembly around the neck of a picture tube that produces the magnetic fields that deflect and scan the electron beams is called the Ans: Yoke 47.58 MHz color burst 52.4.25 MHz 40. What type of circuit is used to modulate and demodulate the color signals? Ans: Balanced demodulator 50. The TV signal uses which types of modulation for picture and sound respectively? Ans: AM.S.25 MHz 49. What keeps the scanning process at the receiver in step with the scanning in the picture tube at receiver? Ans: Sync pulses 43. The picture and sound carrier frequencies in a TV receiver IF are respectively Ans: 45.5 MHz PCARRIER = 197.25 MHz 48.4. What ensures proper color synchronization at the receiver? Ans: 3.75 and 41. Which of the following is not a benefit of cable TV? Ans: Lower-cost reception 53.25 MHz Solution: SCARRIER = PCARRIER + 4. FM 39. the picture carrier is Ans: 193.FRENZEL 16 . The total bandwidth of an NTSC TV signal is Ans: 6 MHz 41. The sound IF in a TV receiver is Ans: 41. What is the total number of interlaced scan lines in one complete frame of a NTSC U. The I and Q composite color signals are multiplexed onto the picture carrier by modulating a 3. What circuit in the TV receiver is used to develop the high voltage needed to operate the picture tube? Ans: horizontal output 51. What is the name of the solid-state imaging device used int TV cameras that converts the light in a scene into an electrical signal? Ans: CCD 45.5 MHz PCARRIER = SCARRIER . If a TV sound transmitter has a carrier frequency of 197.75 MHz.5 MHz PCARRIER = 193. What is the black-and-white brightness signal in TV called Ans: Luminance Y or monochrome 44. What technique is used to permit hundreds of TV signals to share a common cable? Ans: FDM ©2008 Created by Kai Raimi – BHC COMMUNICATION ELECTRONIC 2ND EDITION .75 MHz .58 MHz subcarrier using Ans: DSB AM 46.38.