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Using the following data, construct a Born-Haber cycle for potassium chloride and use it to calculate the electron affinity of chlorine 1st ionisation energy of potassium Enthalpy of atomisation of potassium Enthalpy of atomisation of chlorine Enthalpy of formation of potassium chloride Lattice energy of potassium chloride ∆H = +419.0 kJ mol-1 ∆H = +89.2 kJ ∆H = +121.7 kJ mol-1 ∆H = -436.7 kJ ∆H = -711.0 kJ  b. Calcium is the same period in the periodic table as potassium. The lattice energy of calcium chloride is -2258 kJ mol-1. Explain why this value is so different from the value for potassium chloride given in 1(a).  c. The experimental lattice energy value for potassium chloride is 9 kJ mol-1 more exothermic than the calculated value (theory value). For calcium chloride the value is 35 kJ mol-1 more exothermic than the calculated value. Suggest why the difference in the calculated and experimental value is much larger in calcium chloride than potassium chloride.  d. The solubility of calcium sulphate in water at room temperature is much greater than solubility of barium sulphate. Explain why.  2. A standard electrochemical cell is made by dipping a silver electrode into 1.0 mol dm-3 Ag+ (aq) solution and a cadmium electrode into a 1.0 mol dm-3 Cd2+(aq) solution. a. Draw a diagram to show how the apparatus can be set up. Indicate on your diagram the direction of the electron.  b. Write the cell diagram for the cell.  c. Write an equation for the reaction taking place in the cell. 
mol-1 mol-1 mol-1
d. Explain your answer.0 A of current.  . What is the effect on the e.m.f of the cell.m. Calculate the time required to produce 25 g of Chromium from chromium(III) sulphate solution by using 1.f if sodium sulphide was added to the Cd2+ half-cell and cadmium sulphide were precipitated.  e.  3. Calculate the standard e.