API 572 Study Guide

Practice Questions
This following is a study aid that you can use to learn the details and content of API RP-572, Inspection of Pressure Vessels. There will be about 15-25 questions from this document on the API 510 exam. We do not spend time in class discussing this publication. So it is important that you become familiar with this content in your personal study sessions. Note! The study guide does not at this time have any questions for API 572 Appendix A. There will be some questions from Appendix A on the API exam. The questions in this study aid are in the same order as API 572. An answer key will be provided in class. It’s helpful to read a few pages of API 572 and then answer the questions associated with these pages. We suggest that you do this study guide at least twice prior to the API exam.

1.

Most pressure vessels are subjected to internal or external pressure that exceeds: a) b) c) d) 5 psig. 15 psig. 25 psig. 50 psig.

2. 3.

External pressure is usually caused by a vacuum or by using a ____________________ vessel. Vessel shell rings are normally made by: a) b) c) d) e) rolling plate at ambient temperatures. rolling plate at elevated temperatures. rolling plate at either elevated or ambient temperatures. forging. casting and machining.

4.

Shells constructed with multi-layers (a number of thin cylindrical sections) are normally used for vessels having: a) b) c) d) high design temperatures. high design pressures. exotic materials. a small diameter.

5.

Match the material with the service: A. B. C. Carbon Steel Copper Alloys Titanium _________ _________ _________ Cooling Water Sea Water Most Common Material

6.

What is the primary purpose for installing a lining on the inside of a vessel? a) b) c) d) Resist corrosion Improve heat transfer Improve fluid flow by decreasing the friction inside the vessel Minimized effort to clean vessel at future turnarounds

7.

When is a pressure vessel shell normally made from an alloy material? a) b) c) d) Corrosive service High operating pressures High operating temperatures Either high operating pressure or high operating temperature

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API 572 Study Guide
Practice Questions
8. List four types of Metallic Liners. a) b) 9. _________________________________ c) _________________________________

_________________________________ d) _________________________________

What are the two primary purposes for non-metallic liners? a) b) c) d) e) Resist erosion, insulate to reduce shell temperature Insulate to reduce shell temperature, resist thermal expansion Resist corrosion, resist thermal expansion Resist stress corrosion cracking, insulate to reduce shell temperature Beautify the facility, improve rate of heat transfer

10.

What is the most common feature of vessels that operate with a vacuum? a) b) c) d) Internally braces Stiffening rings Refractory lining Hemispherical heads

11.

An optionally part of an exchanger that is used to protect the tubes at the inlet nozzle is called a(n): a) b) c) d) baffle. demister mat. impingement plate. strip lining.

12.

What code is often used when constructing vessels that operate at high pressures? a) b) c) d) ASME B&PV Code Section VIII Division 1. ASME B&PV Code Section VIII Division 2 API/ASME Vessel Code. TEMA

13.

What codes are used when constructing a heat exchanger that is used in the petrochemical industry? a) b) c) d) API 660, ASME Section VIII, TEMA API 661, ASME Section VIII, TEMA API 660, API 661, TEMA API 660, API 661,. ASME Section VIII,

14.

All vessel manufacturers that build vessels to ASME Section VIII must have: a) b) c) d) an API 510 inspector on staff. access to an AWS inspector. a written quality-control manual. a machine capable of making dished heads.

15.

The vessel manufacturer stamps the vessel with the code symbol “U”. What is the meaning of a this code stamp? a) b) c) d) e) All applicable requirements of the ASME Code have been met All requirements of the U-Section in the ASME Code have been met Vessel has been hydrotested Vessel has been radiographed Vessel wall is of uniform thickness

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3 September 2005 msts-training. chromes and stainless steels 23.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 16. lower than the corrosion rate from corrosion without erosion. below the upper transformation. List the 2 basic reasons for inspection of pressure vessels 1) 2) ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 18. Insulated carbon steel vessels may be subject to CUI if operating: a) b) c) d) above the lower-transformation temperature. latest edition of ASME Section VIII. List process conditions that that could change the corrosion rate. A vessel should be maintained in accordance with the: a) b) c) d) 17. List the temperature range where CUI is most prevalent: 1) 2) Carbon Steels Stainless Steels _________________oF _________________oF 24. An inspector should be familiar with any _____________________ that govern the inspection and maintenance of pressure vessels. 19. in an intermittent service. 21. code that was last used to rate the vessel. construction code. pre-2000 edition of ASME Section VIII. What metallurgies are most affected by CUI? a) b) c) d) Carbon steel and low chromes Carbon steel and all chromes Carbon steel and stainless steels Carbon steel. uniform throughout the whole vessel. 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ 22. List the 3 basic forms of deterioration 1) 2) 3) ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ 20.com . The corrosion rate resulting from corrosion-erosion is often: a) b) c) d) higher than the corrosion rate from corrosion without erosion. above 700 oF. higher in stagnant areas.

The inspector must: a) b) c) d) have all deposits removed. (SCC = stress corrosion cracking) A) B) C) D) E) Chloride SCC Polythionic SCC Caustic SCC Amine SCC Carbonate SCC _____ Alkaline systems _____ Non-stress relieved carbon steel _____ Stainless steel _____ Operating temperatures over 400 oF _____ Sensitized stainless steel 29. Which of the following methods is NOT used to detect CUI? a) b) c) d) e) 26. List four common areas where corrosion-erosion can occur. determine if corrosion is occurring under the deposits. msts-training. record the volume of the deposits.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 25. When checking for cracks. operating deposits are found in a specific section of the vessel. Weld quality RT Profile RT Guided-wave UT Electromagnetic methods Visual inspection after removal of insulation Which deterioration mechanism can cause direction grooving? a) b) c) d) Erosion Oxidation Sulfidation Temper-embrittlement 27. 1) 2) 3) 4) ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ 28. During an internal inspection. What is a useful technique to use to evaluate the vessel cladding from outside surface of the vessel? a) b) c) d) Acoustic emission Eddy current Profile radiography UT thickness gauging 31. Match up the corrosion mechanism with the applicable material. which of the following inspection techniques is useful only for surface or near-surface cracks? a) b) c) d) Acoustic emission Eddy current Radiography UT angle beam 30. determine the cause of the deposits.com 4 September 2005 .

What NDE method checks for cracks by increasing the vessel pressure above its normal operating pressure? a) b) c) d) Acoustic emission Eddy current Guided wave UT MFL 38. dissimilar welds. 39. stainless steel welds. but relatively few cycles to propagate the crack all the way through the vessel wall. Why is it difficult to find fatigue cracking? a) b) c) d) Fatigues cracks are very tight It is very difficult to predict the location of fatigue cracking The growth rate of fatigue cracks is very slow It takes many cycles to initate the crack. chrome welds. thermal fatigue.com . Creep Fatigue Graphitization Temper-embrittlement Which of the following vessels is most susceptible to fatigue? a) b) c) d) Coke drum Crude column FCCU regenerator Hydrotreater reactor 34. List the three primary factors of creep: 1) 2) 3) __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ 5 September 2005 msts-training.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 32. 36. Cracking occurring in deaerators is attributed to: a) b) c) d) corrosion fatigue. 37. What is a common cause for high-cycle fatigue? a) b) c) d) Low operating temperatures High operating temperatures High operating pressures Excess vibrations from mechanical equipment 35. mechanical fatigue. A prime location for thermal fatigue is at: a) b) c) d) circumferential welds. Which deterioration mechanism is caused by cyclic stresses? a) b) c) d) 33. velocity fatigue.

HTHA can occur in 1-¼ chrome steels at temperatures above __________ oF. msts-training. carbon content increases. 44. metal grain size decreases. 46. pits. atomic hydrogen reacts to form water. molecular hydrogen disassociates to form water. High temperature sulfide attack usually appears as: a) b) c) d) cracks. Creep cracking begins to occur in 1-¼ chrome steels at temperatures above __________ oF. atomic hydrogen reacts to form hydrocarbons. What publication provides safe operation limits for steels operating in hydrogen service? a) b) c) d) e) ASME Section II ASME Section VIII API 579 API 941 API 2201 47. molecular hydrogen disassociates to form atomic hydrogen. Susceptibility to HTHA attack increases as: a) b) c) d) chrome content increases. Which of the following can permeate steel (migrate through the steel)? a) b) c) d) Atomic hydrogen Atomic hydrogen and molecular hydrogen Atomic hydrogen and atomic helium Molecular hydrogen and helium 43. 48. 6 to 12 inches. nickel content increases. At high temperatures: a) b) c) d) 42.com 6 September 2005 . uniform corrosion. 49. the soil should be excavated: a) b) c) d) 1 to 2 inches. Susceptibility to HTHA attack increases as: a) b) c) d) operating temperature decreases. 41. operating pressure decreases. 12 to 36 inches.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 40. metal grain size increases. 45. molybdenum content increases. A partial buried vessel should be inspected for soil-to-air corrosion. localized thinned areas. To perform this inspection. 3 to 6 inches. High temperature sulfidation can begin to occur at temperatures above __________ oF.

Which of the following is NOT a problem caused by decarburization? a) b) c) d) Material strength decreases Material toughness decreases Hardness of material increases Fatigue strength decreases 56. excessive thermal expansion. straight beam UT. MFL.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 50. Creates an electrolytic concentration cell Creates by-products that are corrosive Creates atomic nitrogen. Which of the following is NOT a way biological corrosion occurs? a) Hydrogen normally slows down the corrosion rate on the external surface. What is a common micro-organism in soils that can cause biological corrosion? a) b) c) d) amoebas chloride-reducing bacteria sulfate-reducing bacteria oxygen-reducing parasites 52. A) B) C) D) Decarburization Graphitization Dealloying Temper Embrittlement _____ Selective leaching of a material in an alloy _____ Loss of carbon near surface of ferrous material _____ A metallurgical change that occurs to Cr-Mo alloys due to operating at high temperatures _____ Conversion of carbides to carbon nodules 54. and numerous pressure cycles Low operating temperatures. Organisms consumes (reacts with) hydrogen. Atomic nitrogen reacts with iron to form iron nitrate. msts-training. Since less hydrogen is now available. the corrosion rate to increase. Match up the deterioration mechanism with the applicable description. penetrant testing. 53. What two factors cause decarburization in ferrous materials? a) b) c) d) Low operating temperatures. operating at cold temperatures. b) c) d) 51. Decarburization is found using: a) b) c) d) metallography. and a process that reacts with carbon High operating temperature. Changes in a metal’s microstructure can be caused by: a) b) c) d) improper heating and cooling. There are various ways that these living organisms cause the actual corrosion to occur. pressure cycles. Small living organisms are the cause of biological corrosion. and numerous pressure cycles High operating temperature. and a process that reacts with carbon 55.com 7 September 2005 .

API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 57.com . 59. In some water services. a prolonged exposure to temperatures above 450oF. a prolonged exposure to temperatures above 750oF. a prolonged exposure to temperatures above 1100oF. post-weld heat treat materials. thin-wall materials. 63. When do most brittle failures in pressure vessels occur? a) b) c) d) During the vessel’s first winter weather During the first hydrotest After prolong exposure to temperatures above 250oF. atomic hydrogen. dezincification can occur in which materials? a) b) c) d) Brass Bronze Monel Alloy 20 61. What materials are most susceptible to temper embrittlement? a) b) c) d) e) Carbon steel and carbon – ½ molybdenum steel Carbon steel and low chromes (through 5% chrome) Low chromes All chromes Stainless steels 62. What materials are most susceptible to Graphitization? a) b) c) d) e) 58. low chromes. atomic hydrogen. After the first pressure cycle 8 September 2005 msts-training. a prolonged exposure to temperatures above 825oF. 64. Carbon steel and carbon – ½ molybdenum steel Carbon steel and low chromes (through 5% chrome) Carbon steel and all chromes High nickel alloys Stainless steels Graphitization occurs when a susceptible material is subject to: a) b) c) d) many temperature cycles. Temper embrittlement is caused when a susceptible material is subject to: a) b) c) d) low temperatures. Which type of graphitization is most likely to lead to a mechanical failure? a) b) c) d) Localized graphitization Random graphitization Uniform graphitization Spot graphitization 60. Brittle fracture is usually not a concern when using: a) b) c) d) carbon steels.

at least 0. lamination in the plate. at least 25% of the current corrosion allowance should still remain. this the initiating point is a: a) b) c) d) 66. One important factor in developing an inspection plan for the next inspection is to occasionally check the: a) b) c) d) Operating department’s equipment records. Most often. nitrogen. When setting the inspection interval for the internal inspection. 69. zinc. Financial department’s equipment records. digital UT. eddy current examination. an interval is selected so that at the next inspection: a) b) c) d) the wall thickness is not less than the minimum required thickness. at least 50% of the current corrosion allowance should still remain. Maintenance department’s equipment records. tee joint or angle joint. stamping in the vessel component. 68. Hydriding of titanium alloys is caused when the material absorbs: a) b) c) d) hydrogen. angle beam UT. 71. msts-training. The most common method to check for freeze damage is by: a) b) c) d) visual inspection. welding flaw. Environmental department’s equipment records.100” of corrosion allowance remains. nozzle-to-shell weld. Which of the following is NOT a potential result of an improper heat treatment? a) b) c) d) e) f) g) High residual stresses Increased density of material Hard zones in material Soft zones in materials Increased material strength Decreased material strength Increased susceptibility to cracking 70. e.g.com 9 September 2005 . Which of the following deterioration mechanisms can be corrected by annealing the steel? a) b) c) d) Decarburization Dealloying Temper embrittlement HTHA 67. Brittle failures initiate at a notch or stress concentration. tray ring weld.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 65. oxygen.

by visual examination and UT. rated for the appropriate gaseous atmosphere. Review the equipment construction details. It is now important to: a) b) c) d) replace the refractory with superior materials. Check with Operations to determine whether there were any abnormal operating conditions. 75. potentially causing accelerated corrosion. Crevice corrosion is NOT common at which of the following locations? a) b) c) d) Under nuts on anchor bolts At repad-to-shell welds Where handrail supports slip into platform sleeves Between exchanger shell and cradle support msts-training. which of the following activities does the inspector NOT need to do? a) b) c) d) e) 73. what is one potential problem? a) b) c) d) Residual penetrant can cause crevice corrosion Residual penetrant can cause steel to become anodic Vapors from the exam can displace air It is more difficult to prepare the shell for the exam as compared to other NDE methods 76. calibrated weekly. 77. All NDE tools should be: a) b) c) d) calibrated daily. certified by UL-142.com 10 September 2005 . 78. create a tripping hazard. When performing a PT examination inside an exchanger shell. by visual examination and RT. Review the vessel’s service conditions Determine what is being offered as the “daily special” at the local lunch café. During the internal inspection. create flexing that could cause a fatigue failure. an small area of damaged refractory is found. 74. Before performing a vessel inspection. A vessel has a refractory lining. Review past inspection records. be rather ugly and prevent your facility from achieving API’s Petrochemical Facility of the Year award.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 72. Ladders and platforms should be inspected: a) b) c) d) only with a visual examination. by visual examination and hammer-testing. remove and replace all the refractory in the entire vessel. remove the damaged refractory plus 50% more to determine the base metal condition. remove enough of the refractory to determine the condition of the base metal. Small depressions on platforms are of concern since these can: a) b) c) d) collect and hold water.

acoustic emission. Excessive settlement. 81. What examination method is normally used to examine in-service anchor bolts? a) b) c) d) e) Visual UT Eddy current Hammer-testing Acid etching 83. What is the best way to prevent external corrosion on structural steel? a) b) c) d) Painting Fireproofing Galvanizing Insulation 84. selecting the wrong material for the anchor bolt. 11 September 2005 msts-training. should be further examined by hammer-testing. Which of the following is usually NOT a cause of large cracks in a concrete foundations? a) b) c) d) 80. Poor design. A distorted anchor bolt is usually the result of: a) b) c) d) serious foundation settlement. UT. using an anchor bolt of insufficient length. What is a good way to check for disbanded fireproofing? a) b) c) d) e) Visual examination UT Eddy current Hammer-testing with light taps Sledge hammer-testing with a 25 lb sledge hammer 85.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 79. High temperature. are usually not a serious concern. should always be repaired with a cement material similar to the original material. 82. Guy wires supporting tall vessels should be examined using: a) b) c) d) visual examination.com . using an anchor bolt of insufficient diameter. Small hair-like cracks in concrete foundations: a) b) c) d) should always be caulked. profile RT. What is one important item to check during an External inspection of an exchanger? a) b) c) d) Surface temperature at the inlet and outlets The floating end of the exchanger is free to slide on it’s support Determine the fluid flow rate through both the shell side and tube side of the exchanger Measure the clearance between the shell and the ground 86. Poor materials.

91.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 87. a lighting strike or from static electricity. 94. 50 ohms. Which of the following would be most affected if a vessel foundation experiences excessive settlement? a) b) c) d) e) Stiffener rings Relief devices Nozzles with attached piping Manways Top head 89. Grooves on existing stainless steel flanges should be checked for: a) b) c) d) stress corrosion cracking. 93. 6 guy wire diameters. a welding machine or from an electrical short. 95. 3 guy wire diameters. dealloying. msts-training. 3”.5 ohms. Existing slip-on flanges should be checked for: a) b) c) d) chloride cracking. Catalytic reformer vessels may have creep damage if the operating temperature is above _______ oF The grooves on an existing ring-joint flange should be checked for ___________________.0 ohms. graphitization. Vessel grounding connections are primarily needed to provide a path for electrical current from: a) b) c) d) a lighting strike or from a welding machine. 10 ohms. temper embrittlement. corrosion fatigue. 92.com 12 September 2005 . crevice corrosion. 6”. Guy wire clips should be placed at a spacing of at least: a) b) c) d) 88. creep. an electrical short or from static electricity. Only note the distortion in your inspection report 90. 25 ohms. 5. What should be done if shell distortion is found at a nozzle? a) b) c) d) Check for cracking on all nozzle welds Check the hardness of nozzle welds and nozzle components Check thickness by taking UT readings on a 2” grid on all nozzle components and on the distorted area of the shell. The maximum permitted resistance-to-ground for a vessel grounding system is: a) b) c) d) e) 0.

msts-training. polytheonic cracking. yellow sticky deposit.com 13 September 2005 . Which of the following is NOT a significant factor in atmosphere corrosion? a) b) c) d) vessel operating pressure relative humidity chemical vapors metal surface temperature 103. caustic embrittlement is least likely at: a) b) c) d) heating coil connections. black hard residue. Which of the following coating failures is easily missed during a visual examination? a) b) c) 97. What two on-stream NDE techniques may be able to locate moist insulation? a) b) c) d) e) f) Real-time RT and Thermography Real-time RT and MFL Neutron back scatter and Thermography Neutron back scatter and MFL Neutron back scatter and Real-time RT Thermography and MFL 99.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 96. 101. HTHA. white salt. Film lifting Blisters Rust spots Where are two likely areas where paint failures occur? a) b) c) d) e) Top heads and nozzles Weld seams and nozzles Top heads and moist crevices Weld seams and moist crevices Nozzles and moist crevices 98. and _______ thickness reading(s) on each head. areas of high stress. 104. A vessel operates in a cyclic temperature service. nozzles. Pit depth is normally measured with a ________________________________. The vessel support-to-vessel welds should be checked using MT or PT to check for: a) b) c) d) stress corrosion cracking. The minimum number of TML’s required for a routine vessel is at least _______ thickness reading(s) on each shell ring. In a caustic storage vessel. internal baffles or vortex breakers. 102. fatigue cracking. 100. Caustic that seeps through a crack will often leave a: a) b) c) d) brown residue.

MT or PT. RT. A vessel contains an acid corrodent. hammer testing. Small blisters can be easily detected by: a) b) c) d) feeling the surface with your fingers. Extra cleaning such as abrasive-grit or water blasting may be required when inspecting for: a) b) c) d) localized thin areas. The areas directly below the liquid level are likely to be subject to: a) b) c) d) e) 106. During the next internal inspection the wall at the hot-spot should be metallurgically examined whenever the metal temperature has exceeded: a) b) c) d) 450 oF. 110. msts-training.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 105. Blisters on a vessel shell can be easily detected with: a) b) c) d) UT. 107. visual exam using a flashlight beam parallel to the shell. magnetic flux leakage. temper embrittlement. visual exam using a flashlight beam perpendicular to the shell. 1100 oF. 750 oF. Place your hand on surface for exactly 1 second. Which of the following is NOT an acceptable method for checking the temperature? a) b) c) d) Portable thermocouple Thermography Temperature indicating crayons.com 14 September 2005 . like steam cleaning. 108. hydrogen blistering. stress corrosion cracking. Tough question! The temperature of a hot-spot on a refractory lined vessel should be periodically checked. thermal fatigue cracking. A hot-spot has developed on a refractory lined carbon steel vessel. graphitization. HTHA. Normal vessel cleaning methods. caustic cracking. 850 oF. Why is wet fluorescent magnetic particle testing often used to detect certain types of cracking? a) b) c) d) Easier to perform than other types of MT Requires less effort to qualify the NDE examiner as compared to dry MT More sensitive technique as compared to dry MT Equipment to perform the exam is less expensive than what is needed for other MT exams 109. 111. deep pitting. usually are adequate to meet the inspector’s needs for an internal inspection. Calculate the vessel temperature based on the depth of the 3rd degree burns on your hand.

bottom of a hydrotreater reactor. If sludge settles on the bottom head of a vessel. top of a hydrotreater reactor. 115. a) b) c) d) cracks in the base metal. vessel’s anchor bolts. When a reboiler is used with a tower (fractionating column). 120. 15 September 2005 msts-training. vessel wall opposite the nozzle. localized thin areas (LTA’s). cracks in the weld and heat affected zones. 114. ph is the highest. a common place for corrosion is: a) b) c) d) the inlet to the reboiler. top head of the tower. at the tower where the hot process returns. a likely place for corrosion is on the: a) b) c) d) inlet nozzle. If steam is injected into a vessel. what corrosion mechanism is likely to occur? a) b) c) d) Stress corrosion cracking Dealloying Concentration cell corrosion Sludgitization 116. vessel wall directly below the nozzle. extensive pitting. What is the initial step to be performed? a) b) c) d) 113. Collect all necessary inspection tools Check the vessel permitting requirements Collect the necessary personnel protective equipment Read the previous inspection reports Sulfidation is a common concern at the: a) b) c) d) top of the crude unit’s fractionating column. (once again proving it is difficult to come up with 3 wrong answers!) 117.com . A vessel subject to wet hydrogen sulfide or cyanide environments is susceptible to. An internal inspection will be performed on a vessel. 118. What is the normal cause of corrosion associated with reboilers? a) b) c) d) Hot process decomposes to form acids Hot process decomposes to form polytheonic caustic Increased velocity of returning process causes erosion Deposits in the process cause oxygen pitting 119. at the tower where the cold process returns. bottom of the crude unit’s fractionating column. water temperature is the highest.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 112. Exchangers in cooling water service have the highest corrosion rates where the: a) b) c) d) velocity is the highest. velocity is the lowest. Most cracks that occur in a vessel occur at ______________________.

100% of the internal surface should be cleaned. 123. eddy current testing. shining a flashlight beam parallel to the shell. msts-training. dry particle MT. visual examination and UT. visual examination. hammer-testing should be performed on all nozzles. visual examination and some type of crack detection NDE method. What area is most susceptible to corrosion? a) b) c) d) 122. Often corrosion will occur on the shell of an exchanger at the location of the baffles. a) b) c) d) __________________________________________ __________________________________________ __________________________________________ __________________________________________ 124. 1-1/4 & 2-1/4 Cr). red dye PT.000 psi.e. 127. Exchanger shell near the impingement plate Tubesheet Tubes near the impingement plate Inlet nozzle During an internal inspection: a) b) c) d) at least 10% of all welds should be checked with either MT or PT. An easy way to find this corrosion is by: a) b) c) d) spot UT. An impingement plate is installed on an exchanger bundle.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 121. thickness readings should be taken at suspect locations. wet fluorescent particle MT.com 16 September 2005 . List 4 major areas where cracks occur in vessels made of low chromes (i. Coarse-grain steels Fine-grain steels 126. UT and some type of crack detection NDE method. visual examination. 125. A very effective means to find cracks is by using: a) b) c) d) MFL.000 psi Steels with a yield strength above 20. Normally tower (column) trays are inspected using: a) b) c) d) only a visual examination. Which of the following steels is most likely to crack? a) b) c) d) Steels with a tensile strength lower than 70.

Deaerators used for boiler feedwater are subject to: a) b) c) d) e) pitting. oxidation. dealloying. Loose or cracked metallic linings can be found using: a) b) c) d) light taps with a hammer. fatigue. cracking. the identification of the welder who previously installed the liner. 132.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 128. Bulged linings are often the indication of a _______________ in the liner. hydrogen blistering. Vessels containing amines are subject to: a) b) c) d) e) oxygen pitting. dealloying. graphitization. visual inspection. condition of the base metal under the liner. uniform corrosion. acoustic emission. it is important to determine the: a) b) c) d) thickness of the liner. localized thinned areas. How can small blisters easily be found? a) b) c) d) Feel metal surface with your fingers Visual examination Hammer-testing Spot UT readings 130. cracking. dew point corrosion. 135. displacement of the bulged area. Existing exchanger shells sometimes become out of round making it difficult to reinsert the bundle. Whenever there are indications that a metallic liner has leaked. 134. creep. 133. What is the most common cause of exchanger shell out-of-roundness? a) b) c) d) e) f) Over pressure Elevated temperature Metal fatigue Creep Welding repairs to the shell Meteor strike 131. Areas directly above the liquid level in vessels containing acidic corrodents s are subject to: a) b) c) d) e) f) 129. caustic embrittlement. MT. 17 September 2005 msts-training. caustic embrittlement.com .

what is a common problem that occurs to the base metal? a) b) c) d) Dew point corrosion Dealloying Excessive thermal stress Brittle failure msts-training. When a refractory lining cracks. 140. Low chromes High chromes Austenitic stainless steel Stabilized austenitic stainless steel High nickel alloys What are the two primary purposes for refractory linings? 1) 2) ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ 138. Spark testing is being performed on a coating.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 136. 139. voidea. lamination. 143. A break or void in a paint coating is called a: a) b) c) d) e) blister. 142. MFL (magnetic flux leakage). eddy current. always considered extra corrosion allowance. Extra metal thickness in a vessel is: a) b) c) d) sometimes used as nozzle reinforcement. never allowed. spark testing. What happens if the voltage on a spark tester exceeds the dielectric strength of the coating? a) b) c) d) e) Coating will become magnetic Strength of the coating bond increases A hole is “blown” in the coating Coating will crack Creates a nuclear chain reaction that will destroy the entire universe 141. holiday. A common tool used to find breaks in a pipe coating is: a) b) c) d) acoustic emission. What type of weld metal overlay is often used for hydrotreater reactors? a) b) c) d) e) 137. A common tool used to inspect refractory is a _________________________.com 18 September 2005 . always clearly identified on a U-1 form. film lift off.

large vessels. What is one negative aspect of a vacuum test? a) b) c) d) Location of leak is not easily identified There are additional safety precautions as compared to a hydrotest Creating the vacuum requires expensive equipment The vacuum must be held for 24 hours msts-training. A vessel is being vacuum tested. 147. It is recommended NOT to hammer test vessels that are _________________________. What method is often used to detect metallurgical changes to the base metal? a) b) c) d) e) 145. for every 1’ of vessel height Provide multiple calibrated pressure gauges Assure the water used has less than 50 ppm of particulates Assure vessel foundation and supports are adequate for the hydrotest weight 149. Tension tests Bend tests Metallography Flash radiography Impact tests What method is often used to detect carburization and decarburization? a) b) c) d) e) Tension tests Bend tests Metallography Hardness testing Impact tests 146.com 19 September 2005 . Acoustic emission testing is especially useful on: a) b) c) d) vessels of simplistic design. What is one way to determine the location of remote leaks? a) b) c) d) Block-in the vessel and see if the pressure drops UT leak detector Binoculars Thermography 151. A pneumatic pressure test is performed on a large vessel. What is the most important concern when hydrotesting a large in-service vessel? a) b) c) d) Rope off an area equal to 1000 sq. Which of the following is NOT a purpose of a pressure test? a) b) c) d) Validate vessel MDMT Assure equipment tightness Assure equipment integrity Redistribute stresses at discontinuities 148.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 144. vessels where internal inspections are difficult to perform. 150. ft. heat exchangers.

When performing a pneumatic pressure test. above the vessel MDMT.25”. A shell-side pressure test is being performed on an exchanger with a floating head bundle. above the vessel MDMT.5”. 10oF. 60oF. 10oF.3 API 579 API 2201 155. The bundle is outside the shell and a test head is bolted to the stationary tubesheet. The bundle is in the shell and the piping connected to a bottom shell nozzle is removed. An in-service vessel has a shell thickness of 1. 30oF. Leaking tubes The exact location of any leak cannot be determined with this test 157. This test will show overall bundle integrity and can be used to specifically locate which of the following leaks? a) b) c) d) e) Stationary tubesheet roll leaks Floating head tubesheet roll leaks Floating head gasket leak. 30oF. above the vessel MDMT. This test will show overall bundle integrity and can be used to specifically locate which of the following leaks? a) b) c) d) e) f) Stationary tubesheet roll leaks Floating head tubesheet roll leaks Floating head gasket leak. Leaking tubes The exact location of any leak cannot be determined with this test 156. 30oF. Leaking tubes Roll leaks on both ends. 60oF. The bundle is in the shell and the channel cover is removed.com . A tube-side pressure test is being performed on an exchanger with a floating head bundle. above the vessel MDMT. tube leaks. 10oF. The minimum metal temperature allowed during a pressure test is: a) b) c) d) e) 10oF. the requirements of which code should be followed? a) b) c) d) e) f) ASME B&PV Section I ASME B&PV Section V ASME B&PV Section VIII ASME B31. This test will show overall bundle integrity and can be used to specifically locate which of the following leaks? a) b) c) d) e) Stationary tubesheet roll leaks Floating head tubesheet roll leaks Floating head gasket leak. A tube-side pressure test is being performed on an exchanger with a floating head bundle. and floating head gasket leaks The exact location of any leak cannot be determined with this test 20 September 2005 msts-training. An in-service vessel has a shell thickness of 2.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 152. The minimum metal temperature allowed during a pressure test is: a) b) c) d) e) 153. 30oF. 154.

161. replaced with improved metallurgy. a tube roll-leak is discovered. to minimize the number of RT’s. assure that all tubes have been seal-welded at the tubesheet. The extra 0. assure that all tubes have been seal-welded at the tubesheet. to improve the joint efficiency. it is important to: a) b) c) d) connect a PRV to prevent excessive pressure. The leaking tube is normally: a) b) c) d) e) 159. replaced in kind. During a bundle pressure test. Before applying a high-pressure hydrotest to a bundle.. determine whether the tubesheet is thick enough for the pressure.352” and has a corrosion allowance of 0. Which of the following components usually does NOT have a specified minimum thickness? a) b) c) d) e) Top head Nozzle reinforcement Metallic liner Platform handrail Internal baffle 164.023” is usually consider extra corrosion. 163. but often the designer uses the “extra” metal (and the extra is no longer extra): a) b) c) d) in the design of vessel stiffening. 162.com .500” plate. plugged. check the chloride content of the water. it is important to: a) b) c) d) determine whether the tubes are thick enough for the external pressure.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 158. rerolled. During a bundle pressure test. The leaking tube is normally: a) b) c) d) e) replaced in kind. The inspection results indicate that the other tubes are acceptable for a future operational run. rerolled. A shell has a minimum thickness of 0. removed. Before applying a hydrotest to the shell-side of a carbon steel bundle. so the designer orders 0. replaced with improved metallurgy. determine how far an area should be roped off. If a jurisdiction requires a vessel repair to meet the National Board Inspection Code. in the design of nozzle reinforcement. The total thickness needed is 0.477”.. removed. have multiple pressure gauges connected for the test. a leaking tube is discovered. 160. plugged. The inspection results indicate that the other tubes are acceptable for a future operational run. what stamp would have to be used by the Repair Organization? a) b) c) d) e) A U UV R VR 21 September 2005 msts-training.125”.

the craftsman must be qualified in accordance with ASME B&PV Section IX. Visual examination Visual examination and either MT or PT Visual examination and spot UT Visual examination and eddy current When removing a crack in a vessel using flame or arc gouging: a) b) c) d) care must be taken to prevent the crack from growing. Stairway treads that have been worn smooth: a) b) c) d) can be roughened by placing weld beads on the worn surface. should be repaired with epoxy based materials. should be filled with weld metal of the same tensile strength as the base metal. the base metal should only be a P1 or P-3 material. The groove: a) b) c) d) e) must always be filled with weld metal of the same metallurgy as the base metal. A crack in a vessel is removed. 168.com 22 September 2005 . should be filled with weld metal of a higher tensile strength than the base metal.5 ft2 is built-up with weld metal. can be left unfilled provided adequate wall thickness remains and edges are blended. are acceptable provided the tread thickness is adequate. A corroded shell area that has an area of 2. msts-training. the crack length cannot be greater than allowed in API 579.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 165. How should the repair area normally be inspected? a) b) c) d) 166. 167. should be filled with weld metal of a higher alloy than the base metal. should always be replaced.

30. 36. Chemical 3. 50. 44. a b a d 1. 17. 56. determine condition 2. 25 . 83. 33. 20.rolled b) clad . 55. 78. Electrochemical 2. 9. Vibration 4. determine rate of deterioration 1.com . 71. 16. Temperature 3. Temperature 2. 77. 13. Time 2. 42. Impingment 5. 40. 61. Mechanical a 1. 4. 24. 59. 45. 29. 66. 69. 84. 19. 64. 80. 15. 76. Downstream of pump discharge 4. 53. 63. 68. 48. 31. 65. Downstream of control valves 2. 8. 73. 5. 3. 7. 37. 18.400 c a a 1. Stress 3. msts-training. 39. 10. Downstream of orifices 3. 32. 72. 75. 41. 54. 21. 28. 26. 11. 22. 27. 81. 23. 12. 60.explosion bonded c) plates welded to shell d) weld overlay a b c b a c a c regulations 1. 82. 46. 57. 70.API 572 Study Guide Answers 1. 47. 79. 52. High Velocity c 1. 150 . 49. 2. 58. 34. 67. 38. 51. 25. 74.250 2. 62. Stress 900oF c a d c 800oF d 450oF d c d c a 1&C 2&A 3&D 4&B d c a a c a a c b c b d c a a b d a e b c c d a b a d a d c d September 2005 6. Flow direction changes 1&E 2&D 3&A 4&C 5&B b d c b a d 23 35. 14. 43. b jacketed c b 1&B 2&C 3&A a d a) clad .

99.API 572 Study Guide Answers 85. 158. 1) erosion resistance 2) insulation c d c hammer a a c d pressurized a d b b a e d c a e e c e a d b c d b a e a 124. 130. msts-training. 121. 126. 164. 102. 94. 123. 127. 86. 143. 93. 132. 106.com September 2005 . 90. 114. 147. 152. 136. 154. 107. 117. 165. 167. 104. 168. 131. 109. 142. b a d c a 900oF cracks a c b d a d c pit gauge 1&1 b a c b a d a c d b c d b b c b c a welds d a c a) Attachment welds b) Main weld seams c) Gasket grooves (ring joint flg) d) Nozzle attachment welds d c a d b a e c d a leak c d 24 137. 145. 163. 113. 160. 103. 96. 118. 112. 115. 87. 157. 119. 91. 89. 138. 155. 100. 128. 166. 150. 148. 162. 88. 144. 151. 129. 133. 122. 149. 97. 101. 105. 95. 141. 134. 159. 92. 111. 146. 98. 116. 156. 153. 135. 108. 125. 139. 110. 140. 120. 161.

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