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Beginners German

Beginners German

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Copyright. by CHARLES SCRIBNER'S SONS m(r i C. . 1912.


org/details/beginnersgermanOOwaltrich .Digitized by the Internet Archive in 2007 with funding from IVIicrosoft Corporation http://www.archive.

The student. at least. Let a thorough ning lessons." Beginners' German is the basic book of the Walter-Krause of this introductory German Series. individually and in chorus. never let sounds be connected with all begina wrong pronunciation pass muster. by questions and answers whether the pupils have the proper imderstanding of the oral work. (4) (5) (6) Have the assignment read. hints as to an effective although no teacher is expected to ticular system: (i) (2) beg leave to give the following mode of using Beginners' German tie We — himself down to one par- Develop the material Ascertain orally. The work is an outfor the growth of actual class-room experience. pupil. thereby insuring a realistic vocabulary. Every answer should be repeated by the (3) Call for class. As we we have At all start with the immediate environment of the the best of foundations for interest and for suc- times we are taking cognizance of the living adolescent and not of abstract pedantry. The first lessons. book are intended for the to insure proper review at home. One purpose book life is to initiate the learner into the language of every-day as well as into the literary language. with books closed. a continuous oral review of the whole (with 2t\t- ftMe). it Do not assign a lesson unless questions as laid has been prepared in class. are intended quite as much teacher as for the pupil. Such review may be in our vii down . cess. Let the matter covered be written or dictated.PREFACE mTlt^T greubc an ber ®We. Be sure that definite grammatical facts are gained in drill in each lesson.

after Exercises are added for review Lesson 27. The Grammar and is is based directly upon the work of each lesson learned inductively. The progress of each class with our book will depend. But they do outline the work of the learner definitely so that the matter in hand shall be thoroughly dealt with and mastered. certain linguistic laws and rules and this very creative laboratory work will be a pleasure to him. we talk and teach grammar. We are not talking and teaching about grammar but. upon a number of circumstances. The melodies two additional are the absolute The Grammatical Tables essentials of German Accidence furnish only in systematic arrangement. We desire to express our hearty thanks to a number of our colleagues both in America and in Germany for many valuable . Translation the and retranslation foreign of may be practised occasionally after the text." Such botanizing work will be his mental property and will not be done in futuram oblivionem. better than that. Some of the later selections deal with German life and customs. given in printed as well as separately. of For Lessons 36-41 course. we have furnished Supplementary Reading to illustrate more fully the use of Compound Verbs. language the songs ones. ^* It will de- velop his powers of observation and will cause him to use his own judgment rather than to accept that of an authority. from his own experience. has been essentially mastered. of the Subjunctive. these questions individual teacher in sentences.vni oral or written. BEGINNERS Of GERMAN do not limit the any way and are merely suggestive. The learner will formulate for himself. Answers should always be given in complete course. A number of Reproduction purposes. and of Modal Auxiliaries. We hope that the students will gain thereby an acquaintance with Germany and the Germans.

y . Busse. Associate Professor of German. to Seringas Chorgesangbuch. and to N. for their kindness in permitting us to use some of their selections or publications. The Authors. Berlin. G.PREFACE IX hints. We are also under great obligation to the Frankfurter Lesebuch-Kommission. February jgi2. Marburg. A. to Kameradschaft. Especially do we acknowledge our gratitude to Dr. for his kind advice and assistance in reading both manuscript and proof. to Karl HessePs Deutsche Lesebucher. Normal College of the City of New York. Elwert.


. XVII. — Days Conversation — Days (Declension of Conversation — Months (Declension Conversation — Seasons (Declension Conversation (tft. 30 32 of t(^ ftierbe. 3 ttjar. . 9 11 of btti^ Sftftt) .CONTENTS PAGE Preface vii Map of Germany facing i Introductory: Alphabet i Table of German Sounds with Explanations Lesson I. citt 3a]^r. of citlC iBod^e. word formation -\)txi) . -Icin) 26 28 cttl trff i^abc. Conversation (Declension XV. II. prepositions with dative) Conversation pleted) — Date 39 (Ordinals and numerals com- 42 (^abcn and fcin in xi 2)te Sotcici (i) (^cinc) compound 43 tenses) .. 34 2>^ XIV. -tiftcn.. VI. XIII. h)irb. btc — Parts . XI. ^ngen) Conversation (Review of nouns. numerals continued) Conversation St|)^jcn. of bcr ^crlbft. future tense. finb. impersonal verbs. XII. btc ^ai^nt) of btc ^inbcr. X. — Multiplication Tables (ber-words) — Arithmetical Problems (Conjugation of pronouns of address) Conversation — Family (Declension word formation Conversation — Cardinal Numbers (Declension of a^onat) Conversation — Parts of the Day (Conjugation of ordinal numbers) Conversation — Time Day (Conjugation of Conversation Conversation \6) . VII. III. of Body (Declension of bie ginger. word formation -c) D ^annenBaum (Review. 13 16 18 IX. word formation un-) Conversation on preceding work (Word-order. IV. 20 22 bin. V. n)erbcn fein) 7 btc SSod^c) . XVI. VIII. bic . itjarcn.

XXXIV. of pronouns. (Preterit strong verbs. feminine. ^a^ foftbarc ^rdntlcin (Weak declension of adjecplural. Unfcr (Compound nouns. word formation) XXX. ©cfttttsimmcr (2) (Preterit of -ifcft) word 60 62 65 formation XXIV. t(^ formation -ung) (cttt-words.. $Io^rcgcn XXVIII. -It^) (Mixed declension of adjectives). ^te Sorelei (2) and (3) (Drill on nouns. ^ic bctttfdftc ^aifcrfomiltc.xii beginners' German PAGE XVIII. feminine S3rot singular and irregular strong verbs) 81 XXXII. word formation and bcutfd^c -tg. neuter singular and plural. 9ictcft .words. completed. masculine singuplural. strong verbs) . ^cr trcuc ^unb (Inseparable and separable verbs concluded) 98 . word 45 XIX. (ctn. ^ic SSac^t am Oi^icin (i) (Review. Conversation XX. prepositions with XXXVII. weak preposi- tions with dative or accusative) 57 verbs. verbs with dative. reflexixaqt. Conversation — Class id) 50 masculine.. 84 XXXIII. XXVI. . word formation) . genitive) SSanbcrfcftaft (i) (Inseparable and separa95 ble verbs. '. 72 XXIX. <Sttttc matijt (i) (Adverbial compounds. -bar) 87 90 93 @tn Sricf. pronouns) 53 (i) XXII. (i) (Weak lar declension of adjectives. Unfcr Scftulsimmer XXIII. imperative) Conversation — Class ives. coordinating conjunctions) $cibcnrdi^(ctn (©octl^e) (Review. ^cil bir im ©icgcrfranj . neuter. Review (Classification of strong verbs) 75 78 XXXI. indefinite agreement of pronouns. tives. Unfcr ©t^ul^aui^ (Prepositions with accusative. ^ai^ tdgltdftc (Weak declension of adjectives. declension of personal ives. XXXVI. perfect and pluperfect) XXV. reflex- nc^mc) XXI. — Class tense.words. present 47 (cm. (Sbelmann unb ©drtncr (Interrogative and relative pronouns. ^a§ XXXV. Unfcrc Sd^utc (Comparison of adjectives and adverbs) S3ci Xm. word formation -ling. strong declension of adjectives) 66 69 XXVII.

^rct Srcunbc (Passive voice) XLIII. a3ncf motit)t^ an ©critter (Subjunctive of ideal condition. @tlc tnit SScilc (Modal auxiliaries. ^ie (Sc^ulcn (Modal auxiliaries) XLI. wish) irregular XL. ^er ^unb mxt bcm fJIcifd^C XIU PAGE (Subjunctive of indirect 102 105 speech and question) XXXIX. o . 179 197 Vocabulary .. ^ie ^cutWcn in 5tmettfa (Passive and substitutes for passive voice) 120 XLV. XLII.. • . ^Ctttfc^knb itbcr mc§ (Review) 124 126 131 XL VI. . « 143 Abstract of German Grammar Songs • 174 -«.CONTENTS XXXVIII. . verbs) 107 weak no 114 117 . ^cutfc^lanb^ ©tcttung in bcr SBcltltiirtWaft (Passive voice concluded) Supplementary Reading Reproductions 138 • Grammatical Tables • . ^ic f)dt)txcn ©c^fulcn ^cutfdftlanb^ (Passive voice) XLIV. possibility.



Longitude .

14° East from 16° Greenwich 18^ .


BEGINNERS' GERMAN INTRODUCTORY /C SMALL LETTERS Print Script ALPHABET CAPITAL LEITERS Print Script Naue a a b c b c J ^1^2^ ^r^ A B C 21 33 d e f b c ^ .gay h • H I hah * 1 I 3 3f ee j i k 1 t I 4 J \.^^^ S D E F S (g ^ ^ ^ a ah- bay tsay day ay eff f % g 9 I) G .^/^ .^/^ ^€r J K L S m m n n M N 2« 91 w X ^ & ^ yot kah eU emm enn O oh .^ .

^ fow w to W Y Z 2B vay iks XI y z ^ J ^ ^?^ XX ^r g) .^ © % U SB ^ ^ ^^ /29 ^y^ ess 1 tay u u to U V oo V ^ .^^^^ ^ . German : : • 5kaji:..ST. i: ^ V : :«': -REGinners .<V^ ipsilon Print ^ \^ ^ J ^?^ Script 3 Script "^ Print tset COMPOUND CONSONANTS Print Script ff ^M % ^ # ^ ^"^ MODIFIED VOWELS (Umlttute) . •?«»»* * ''' Script' } capital letters Print ' p q r S t p q r j^ -^ y^e^ P ^ Q O 91 ^ '^ ^i^ Script Name pay koo err R S f8 t .i^TTERs: r.

viz. in natural order.. kg n xg » r h 1 R (U) OJ) 1 a (pj ( ST 6ttroxnlo3 stimmhaft nasal TABLE OF GERMAN SOUNDS . throat.) beginners' GERMAN D e ut sc he L au tt afel (System Vie tor) VorderLippenkute Zahnlaute Hinter- Gaumenlaute KeUkite po 1 m fv ( ( ( td II szJ5 ?j r 1 ley) i(y> ece). the breath passage being completely . (front). (VIETOR SYSTEM) EXPLANATIONS AND EXAMPLES (The phonetic spelling used is that of the Association Phonetique Internationale) In the Table the German sounds are represented (i) — in the vertical columns — according to the place of articulation. (2) in hard palate the horizontal columns — according (a) to the form of articulation. soft palate (back). teeth. lips.

voiceless auf. lauf en. voiced — JBctn. j and g are generally used: see II. rauBen. h)of)tten. leib. Characters representing voiced sounds are printed in red. voiced n. nasal— tnein. ?. voiced — SSarcn. In German nasal sounds are at the same time voiced. 3. (3Bcg. v. f. Iciben. p. Jagi). a6. 4. 4. A. voiced fien. II. — ®arten nasal — tragenO. — f af)ren. voiceless — Kartc. Lip Consonants (Lip and Lip) Jgein. m. or (b) beginners' GERMAN considerably narrowed. qualen g. I). leiten. Throat Consonant (Vocal Chords) voiceless — ('*)alt.4 closed. * In North and Middle German pronunciation finally and medially the narrow consonants g and x. nasal — — bit. cUiig. 3. Teeth Consonants (Tongue and Teeth) voiceless — Xkx. (fd^n)ei' ftngen. characters representing all nasal sounds are printed in green. voiceless — b. or (c) left compara- tively open.um. WITH CLOSURE — STOPPED CONSONANTS I. d. 2. WITH NARROWING — NARROW CONSONANTS Lip Consonants (Lower Lip and Upper Teeth) I. lang. Back Consonants (Tongue and Soft Palate) k. in the place of articulation. nciti. . t.nel)men. SOUNDS WITH CLOSURE OR NARROWING OF BREATH PASSAGE — CONSONANTS I. JRau^c.

h. An asterisk indicates . voiceless — fud^cn (Jag)» g. voiceless — *®fisse/ z. long e:. voiceless gifc^. SOUNDS WITH OPENING OF BREATH PASSAGE — VOWELS The opening with lip is All voiced. *3. — long — ^ i^n. Sounds rounding are indicated in the Table by (). I. fef)Ien.BEGINNERS GERMAN 2. Trilled {Vibration of Tongue Point) voiced r. Front Vowels i. gj^re^ tt)af)r). rauf). ?ippe. j. voiced — See. Front Consonants (Tongue and Hard Palate) 9. @]^re. g Teeth Consonants (Tongue and Teeth) Thin {Thin Breath Passage) reiften. between the tongue and the palate. — Stein. ?tcbc. tDtc. voiceless — *6^einie. 3. 4. voiced (rauf). (SBcg). voiced — ja (fd^tDeigen). 1:. ®c^nce. words or sounds not originally German. reifeu* Broad {Broad Breath Passage) J. rcid^en. Qcben. Xdl. voiced — iau. iDaf^en. short — in. voiceless — ^alt* Throat Consonant (Vocal Chords) . voiced — *goumat. voiced — — (tragen)* Trilled {Vibration of Uvula) R. 5. B. — Divided {Passage on Both Sides of Tongue Point) I. (Sf)re. toal^t^ *Sogi^. s. Back Consonants (Tongue and Soft Palate) X.

— unten. Rounded y:. *a:. short — gcnug. Stugc. Baffin = Nasal vowels in North German pronunciation are usually replaced by the corresponding non-nasal short vowels followed by ji. 58allo«=©atlong. *o. Sf)ancc. Mixed Vowels (Intermediate between Front and Back) 8. g:. — Sl^rc. 9Kut. blau. S3ittc. long. *^alat§. 2. S^rente* ©.. Back Vowels All Rounded u. short *e:. bu. iibel.6 e:. — — Ofcn. — short — iippig.^ long. ul^nc. short u:. short — all. ai:. tictu. Iaf)Tn. SBDrt. aJJat^ au:. ^uit. ijffncn. a. o. * §cu. ^crbtttt=3$crbdng. terrain. — offen. long long — — Ufcr. a:. SWiJnd^^ Ct^Utt. nasal — Stoucn. ba. short ©iJt)ne. long. gabcn. o:. tDO^I. BEGINNERS long GERMAN e. nasal — — effcn. §finbc* Saffiti. y. cuer. nasal — SaHon. . ^affcng. gamnt.g. short Dephthgngs eicf. ?auf. long. long — 3{al. ISuten. §uttc. nasal — 3Serbun. oy:. e. abutter. fo. long long *§. 3. ^oueii=9?ouanfi.

mein §err. (2)ai^) 2Ba^ 3t. SBar geftern aWittlDod^? SBirb morgen 35ien^tag fein? 3a. ber greitag^ ©onnabcnb ober ©am^tag unb ^iejjrage ift: ©onntag^ SBeld^cr Jag i[t ^eute? 2Ba^ ift f)cutc? SStt!^ ift bie ^cute ift 9)Jontag (or respective day of the Slnthiort? week).^ iiberiibermorgen fein? SBeld^c SSagc tDerben tDar geftern? morgcn unb iibermorgen fetn? tDar Dorgcftem? n)ar t)ori)orgeftem? SBelc^e S^age tDaren geftern unb borgeftem? nid^t 3ft Iieute ©ien^tag? f)eute ift 9lein. 9Kittood^. ©ten^ta^g. morgen 7 toirb S)ien^tag fein* .! ift morgcn? ©ien^tag* ^tctulcin 2)ie3tnt^ ttiart ift: aWorgen ift (2)er) SBa^ tt)irb ilbermorgcn fcin? 2)ie 2lnt* llbcrmorgen n)irb 9)Jittn)0($ fein^ niort ift: gg^^ SBa^ 2Ba^ SBa^ ^i^. ©ie ftebcn %^^t bcr SBod^c ftnb: bcr SD^ontag. ©ien^tag. fon* bern 9Jfontag. ©onner^tag. mein ^err.V €rfte 2Iuf gabe Stc^tung! .

8 Slaffc! Slttc BEGINNERS GERMAN aSa^ ift Iieutc? su- fammen! ©agcn Sic: aSann tear ©onntag? ift: etc. ajtargarete fprid^t am leifeften* NOTE PRETERIT geftem. ©ie finb nid^t faulc geute. glifabetf) fprid^t leife. — maren etc. fprid^t lauter. — aud^ etn ®prid^n)ort. etc. etc. 9icin. . etc. . nid^t leife fpred^en! ®ie taut! ^einrid^ fprid^t am lauteften. famtncn! ©tJtcrficn ©ie miiffen taut nub ^arl gri^ fprid^t laut. SKontag FEMININE bic 2lufgabe ©ien^tag. Seffer f)cutc al^ morgen. Slc^tung! S)a^ ©prid^tDort 9}Jorgen. nid^t f)eutc. — finb tDirb. tDar PRESENT f)eute ift FUTURE morgeti. NEUTER ha^ graulein ©prid^iDort §err Sld^tung grage SlnttDort Slaffc . Scrncn: morgen. fein ©onntag. ©ie finb fleifeig! aSeffer f)cute al^ rrtorgen. MASCULINE bcr Tlontaq. etc. Slnna fprid^t leifer. nur ©pred^en S)a^ ift alte faulen Scute. tDerben .

©ieben Sage bilben (mac^en) bie SBod^e^ Stc^tung! 9Wontag ift ein Sag. ©onner^tag. Mttmod^. Sage. grei^ tag unb ©onnabenb finb fed^6 Sage. fiinf greitag finb Sage. . 9Kitttt)0(^ finb brei ©ien^tag. 9Witttt)od^. ©onner^tag ift ber Dierte Sag ber SBod^e. 9}Jittn)0(^. SDZontag. greitag ift ber fiinfte Sag ber SBod^e. ©onner^tag. Sage. 2)?itttD0(^ ift ber britte Sag ber SBoc^e. ©ien^tag. jtijei SKontag unb S)ien6tag finb 9Kontag. ©ien^tag ift ber jlDeite Sag ber SBod^e. aWontag. aWontag. ©ien^tag. bic^ ntd^t Slufgabe ein^. 99?ittn)0(^ unb ©onner^tag !Donner^tag unb finb bier Sage. einmal! @ieben Sage finb in ber SBod^e. ©onnabenb ift ber fed^fte Sag ber SBod^e. mein ^err. SBclci^e^ [tub bie [teben Sage bet SBod^e? 5«iJc^ ©ie fteben Sage ber SBod^e finb: ber 9Wontag. etc. ©onntag ift ber fiebte unb lefete Sag ber erfte ber 2Bo(^e. grei^ finb fieben Sage* ©onnabenb unb ©onntag ift S)er aWontag Sag ber SBo($e. tag. fon- bcm Sltaffe! Slufgabc itdtl l^at fteben ^tc SBod^c Sage.BEGINNERS' GERMAN ^mette 2lufgabe ©utctt Xaql ^\t bic^ Slufgabc ein^? ^ft bie^ Scftion cin^? ift yidn. ©ien^tag. ©ien^tag unb aWontag.

©a^ ift bic jtDcitc S)a^ finb 2. etnmal! ©cftcrn tdax 9Kontag. etc. 5. Nominative bic SBod^e Accusative Genitive bcr SBod^e bcr SBod^c Dative ^ as to Let the individual pupils repeat the questions of the teacher so become accustomed to asking questions. brci. in the Singular. id^ n)cttc brauf (I bet on it). 4. 9Jcif)cn 6 finb gcrabc 3^^^^^^ 1. 9Worgcn iDirb ajJittmoc^ bcr brittc Jag bcr SBod^c. ©ic lad^cn: ©ic unb unb nid^t traurig. nid^t nttibc! ©ic Declension: bic SBod^e. erftc [citi. bcr Jag bcr SBod^c. ®ic finb nic^t fd^Icd^t! f)3iclcn nid^t! arbcitcn gut unb SBann fommt 5(u!gtoettbtg bic Strbcit? Unb bann? auf yiimm bcnn frifd^ bic Slrbcit (ernen: 2tn ben SBcrfcItagcn. obcr bic jtDcitc ©ruppc. obcr ©ruppcn. altc^ gut. (Srft bic Slrbcit. ©onntag aufecr l^abcn.lO beginners' GERMAN SBcId^c^ ift bcr crftc Jag bcr SBod^cpi etc. Jagc ©onntag finb frot) finb frifd^ finb SBcrftagc obcr SBer^ fcltagc. ®ic ©ic finb gut.. Icrncn: bann ba^ J)a6 finb tlaffc! stDci ©prid^toortcr. 7 finb ungcrabc S^W^* ©picL— 9(uStt)enbtg (Snbc gut. Unb bu grol^cn Jld^tung! 5lIIc tDirft. . etc. 3. Slrfitutig! !J)a^ t[t bk crftc 5tci{)C 9Jcif)C obcr bic crftc ©ruppc. jtDci. etc.

bic Piaffe. 9)?ai. tkffe! 2)a^ 3a^r ^at imi\ momtt. ®er ^ctnuar ift ein Tlonat ©er 3<Jnuar unb ber gebruar etc. N. Sluguft.g. ber ^anuar. ber gtDeite 9Konat be^ ^al^re^. bic Sld^tung. 3)ie Seute fc^reiben bie Slrbeit frifc^ unb fro^* Of what gender are these nouns? Do they change in the singular? How can you tell nouns in German? Dritte 2lufgabe Seien ®ie aufmetlfftttt! S)a^ ift ba^felbe tt)ie ^^Hc^tung. 3n bem ^af)r finb jtDoIf 9Wonate» 3tt)oIf a)?onate bilben ba^ ^ai)v.^ SDie gtnolf ^df)xt^ finb: Slpril. A. G. etc." fein. 9Wonate be. 8 = S)er ad^t. S^obember. bie gragc. ^anuar gebruar Sluguft ber erfte 9Konat be^ ^ai)xt^. 10 = 12 = itobll ift ift gel^n. elf. 11 = 9 = neun. Z). Oftober. 35ie 3:age bcr Slrbeit finb SBerftage* S3ei bcr Slrbeit lernen ®ie fleifeig. bie SReifie.beginners' GERMAN II Decline: bie Slufgabc. September. gebruar. ^xili. 3funi. bie ©ruppe. Mixvi. bic SlnttDort. ©ejember. finb glDci 2)tonate. bie Slrbcit. ift ber ac^te 2Konat be^ 3txt)re^^ . nid^t (gi^ miiffen aufmerffam unaufmerffam. E. ^ie SIrbeit ift gut.

12 BEGINNERS' GERMAN ©cptcmber Oftober ift ift bcr neuntc Tlonat bc6 3cif)rc^. Nominative Accusative Genitive be^ S(tf)n^ Dative bem 3a]^r(e) . ober id^ gebe 3f)tten ein S)iftat! Piaffe! SIpril! aprit! n)a^ er h)ill* Semen! S)er tDeife nid^t.. lage f)at 9^ot)ember. ift Jiobember bcr elfte 9Wonat be^ 3^a^re^. ©ejember SBeld^e^ ift ift ber erfte 9Konat be^ 3ctf)re^? ber Dierte aSie t)iete 2)?onate Ifiat ba^ 3af)r? S)a^ ber S'^^t: ift ift lang. §aben SBtcber* einunbbreifeig^ !Da^ ift ba^felbe tDie . SBeld^e SKonate ^abeti aSelc^e arjonate ^aben 30 Sage? 31 Jage? Declension: bae 3a{)r. 3uni unb ©eptember* l^at J^ebruar biermal fieben* 2lHe. ber jlDoIfte 2Wonat be^ ^cifire^. S'c^ tDcife: e^ ift l^eute Tlitttdod). ber gcl^nte 9Konat be^ 3af)re^. bie nod^ iibrig blieben (still remain).no(^ einrtiaL" f^oUn Sic ba^! 2(uf^?affeii! 3(^ fd^reibe e6 an bie Jafel* Siftiercn! 3^^t biftiere ic^ e^S'finen. Sag furj^ ©reifeig Icmcn: Slpril. in the Singular.

unb ber SBinter* SBie 9Bie fSxttCf l^eifeen bie tiier ^a^vt^txUn? tieifeen ©ie? unb genau fpred^en.^ ^^. 3n bcm (Sic ©picl ftnb ®prt(|n3drter entfialten (contained). G. ba^ @nbc. iefet aSinter? iefet ift mein §err. ba^ ®picl. ba^ ift ift rid^tig.^ ®ptel(c)^ btc^. 3)ie t)ier ^ai)xt^dttn finb ober l^ei^en: ber gruf)Iing. nid^t falfd^* SBeld^e ^a^re^jeit je^t? Sefet ift e^ §er6ft. Z). ber ber ^erbft ©ommer. e6 nid^t SBinter. Dterte 2Iufgabc Sluf^jaffctt! J)a^ ^af)x ^at bier Qaf)xt^dttn.^^ ^^^^^^^ ^^^ englifc^? tieifet ^erbft 2)anfe! S)a6 ift red^t. gut* A. nid^t fo ©ie mil[feti beutlid^ beutac^ au§^^ f^jtedjen. uubeutlic^ unb ungenau! auf englifd^ fall (harvest). fonbern §erbft* 2BeId^e S'cifire^seit mar t)orf)er? . 2)a^ ©piel tft taut* tft 3)ie Slufgabe be. i>a^ I3 ©prid^mort. Sft e^ 9^ein.g. N. ba^ 2)iftat* E. ^.beginners' GERMAN Decline: ba^ graulcin. lemen ba^ ®piel Of what gender are these nouns? Are the natural and the grammatical gender identical in of nouns German? Illustrate.

©ommer. frof)e^ ©pieL St^tung! SBir alte finb bie ^inber ©otte^. bie Suipe ift aud^ eine . be^ SSater^. Oftober unb §erbft. ^Jriid^te. bie brei SWftrs. ^erbft unb SBinter ©inb be^ guten ©otte^ ^inber. Slumen unb J^tiic^te finb im ©arten* @^ gibt t)iele S3Iumen unb griic^te im ©arten. 3)er gruf)Img ber ©ommer Slpril ift bie jiDcite Qai)xt^dt. Oftober nnb 5yiot)ember finb ^erbftmonate. ^uni. 3uli unb Sluguft finb monate. ©ejember. unb max finb grii^Iinge- monate. -3anuar unb 3Bintermonate» 3lod^ 2)er §erbft <T)ic ift gebruar finb bie brei bie britte 3ctf)re^jeit t)on einmal! ^eit be^ ^txh\tt^ bauert (September bi^ 9lot)ember* SBir finb iefet im (in bem) §erbft* 9Jot)ember bilben September. biel: SBringen un^ be^ ©uten S3Iumen. im Semen ©ie bie^ au^= ^* gnil^Iing. mad^fen im ©arten* ®ie Stofe ift fie eine S3Iume.14 beginners' GERMAN SBelc^c ^af)xt^idt tdivb na^^tv fein? 2Bie t)iele ^ai)xt^idtm gibt e^? SBie Dielc 3^af)re^seiten f)a6en tDir? ^n n)eld^er ^ai)xt^dt leben tDir? SBtr leben im (in ift bem) §erbft» bie erfte ^'aJire^aeit. bie brei ©ommer^ bie brei ©eptember. etc.

5 beginners' GERMAN SBtc l^eifet 1 alfo tft S3Iumc auf englifd^? S)er Slpfel einc grud^t. bie Mdont ift aud^ cine grud^t SBie fieifet alfo grud^t auf englifd^? 9?ennen ©ie mir 33Iumen unb griid^tc! So iff ^ Saffen ©ie e^ gut fetn! rec^t! Declension: bcr ^erbft.g. 2ln bem (ant) 2:agc fd^Iafcn bie flcincn Sinbcr^ SBir ncnncn ben crftcn SBod^cntag 9Wontag* Of what gender are the names months. ift: unaufmcrffant nid^t aufmcrffam* Do we have the same prefix in English? . S)cr.. G. bcr griil)Ung. N. in the Singular. Nominative Genitive bcr §crbft bc^ ^crbftc^ Dative Accusative bcm §crbft(c) ben §erbft etc.. etc. A. etc. nid^t bcutlid^. bcr @artcn» E.. D. bcr 3anuar. bcr 3Satcr. of the WORD FORMATION What is the force of the prefix un-? Ungcnau unbcutUd^ ift: tft: nid^t gcnan. bcr 9Wonat. and the seasons? of the days. bcr 9Kontag. bcr ®ott. Decline: bcr Sag. bcr SBcrftag. crftc Jag bcr SBod^c fiei^t 9Wontag* S)ic 2lrbcit be^ Sagc^ ift grofe.


beginners' GERMAN

^tinfte 2lufgabe


im SBinter,




e6 fcfineit oft.

5)cr SBinter


armcr 9Wann» @r bringt feme
griid^te, er bringt aber frobe^

33Iumen unb feme

©piel 2)er aSmter ift ba^ @nbe be^ 3abre^, 3tn grilbling tft e^ mtlb. ift im grilblittg f(i^6ner al^ im aBittter* 3?m ©ommer ift e^ toavm, oft fefir b^ife* ®^t:



ift reid^^

(Sr brittgt utt^ Diele


uttb grild^te,

(£^ bli^t

unb bonnert







3)ie guft




fd^on, tDenn bie

toenn bie

©onne Sonne nid&t


regnet oft,





e^ fd&Ied^te^ SBetter.

2lnfangcn (Scginnen): aSa^ bringt ber SBinter?


^eld^er ^af)xt^dt gibt e^ feine




e^ fait?

ber aSinter?
friert e^







griifiling? etc.






Semen ®te

^m aSinter, 3^ aSinter,


e6 frieret,

toenn e^ fd^neit,

ber aSeg gur ©d^ule

gurtt)a{)r no(^


fo toeit (fiirtoafir,



tDenn ber ^udfudE rufet,

®ann ®cmn

ber grill^Iing ba,

ber aSeg gur ©d^ule

gllrn)af)r nod^


fo naf).


beginners' GERMAN
3Ber a6cr gernc lemet,





SBeg iu fern;


SStnter tok



®ef)t er ^ur ©d&ule gem*










fprcd^en; fd^tDcigen

nid^t reben^

Are predicative adjectives declined? Do the names of the days, months, and seasons require the definite article in English? In German?


c^ fd^ncit, e^ Uii^t, c^ bonncrt, c6 regnct.

What do

these five impersonal verbs express?







l^eH fd^cint.






e^ milb,





Interchange the normal and the inverted order in I and


kind of clauses or sentences are they?

Change III into two independent clauses of I. Combine I and II into a sentence of type III by using the
subordinating conjunction
Notice: SBcnn bic
tDttl^renb (while).
c« fd^aneS SScttcr.


fcftcint, ift

(ad^cint bic


fo ift c« fci^dneg SSettcr.

Note that the German uses a comma before and


a dependent


beginners' GERMAN

Kalt 0i6t bic mUt, tdavm Gibt bic SBiirmc,
ntilb gibt bic SKilbc,

gibt bic tii^lc.

Of what gender are these nouns ending
rived from adjectives?

in -e,

which are de-

Sed?fte 2tufgabc

©ic §cutc Icrncn

tDir cin bcutfd^c^ Sicb, cin




ftngt cin Sicb,

S)a^ Sicb




2:anncnbaum, o Zanncnbaum,

SBic trcu finb bcinc iBIattcr!


griinft nid^t

nur jur ©omntcrgcit,

9^cin, aud^


im SBintcr, tDcnn c^ fd^ncit^ Sanncnbaum, o Slanncnbaum,

2Bic trcu finb bcinc flatter!



auf cnglifd^ the fir-tree,





^cifet ,,ni(^t falf(^.''

SBcId^c^ anbcrc SBort

auc^: nid^t falfd^?

33aum t)at SBIctttcr, Dicic 33Iattcr, bic griin finb. ©inb fie blau obcr rot? ®ic 33Iattcr finb nid^t blau, fonbcm griin. 3)a6 ®ra6 ift griin. ©inb bic 33Iattcr bc6 Sanncnbaunt^ griin? 3^atnot)I, bic SBIcittcr bc6 Sanncnbaum^ finb griin.



beginners' GERMAN
3ft ber S^annenbaum
S)ie S3I(itter ht^
grofe ober ficin?




©riint ber 3:annenbaum nur gur (ju ber)


tm SBtnter? tm ©ommer? griert e^ oft tm ©ommer? 3^ft bte guft im SBtnter Mt ober tDarm?
©d^neit e^
©d^neit e^ aud^



ba^ 8teb*

Sie ba^
Sefen Sie t^ je^t!

SBtr lefen e^




S)te 9KeIobte

ift letd^t,

ntc^t fd^toer^



Semen Sie

2lCe milffett ba^ Steb ftttgen!


JBu(^= ftabieren!

Qd) buc^ftabtere (spell)


— — —n

S3 a r e

u u n


How many

diphthongs are there in German?







beffer al^ ^ranfl^eit (sickness).

©efunbl^eit beifet gefunb fein*






What What


the force of the noun-suffix -l^eit?
the gender of nouns ending in -beit?




beginners' GERMAN

Stebte 2lufgabe
Seien Sie

SBir ftnb aufmcrffam.



g^^. 2


aud^ cine 3«^I/ ^tne anbere


4 unb 5

ftnb brei


Sa^Ien Sic

t)tm cin^


Sic laut unb



Sic 3c^

meiter Don 13 bi^ 30:


breijcl^n, t)ierse{)n, fiinfjel^n, fed^jel)n, [tebsel^n,


nennjef)n, gtDanjtg, etnunbjtDan*

gig, stDciunbstDanjig, etc.,



9lo(^ cin*








fc^nell, ni($t




granlein %.


cin Sl^abd^en.

Stt^Icn Sic bic

58. ift cin

bic SSJlSb^cn!

Snabcn unb




meine ©(filler;


gel^en in bic

S)ie aJJctbd^en finb

meine ©d^itlerinnen.



©d^iiler f)abe id) t)ier?
. . .




©ci^ulerinnen finb bort?

3(^ bin ber

unb graulein ©mitf)



3^c^ le^re



SBir finb greunbe;

t)alten grennbfd^aft.

. 10 X 8 =p 80 gefinntal ad^t ift ad^tjig. Da/. . biefer. jcber. jebe^ 2W(lbc^cn. bic garbe jenc^ SBud^e^ ift blau* 3ebe^ Suc^ 3eilcn* f)at ©citcn.BEGINNERS GERMAN Staffe! 21 ®a^ tft ba^ mi). jene ©d^iilerin. iefet aber cine fd^toerc Slufgabc. 3 X 8 = 24 breimal ad^t ift DicmnbjiDanjig. unb Declension: fo toeiter (uftoO* 1x8 etc. unb auf jeber ©cite finb SBeld^e^ S3u(^ l^abcn ©ie? ®te ^[t c^ rot. fcine cinfad^e* SBcId^er SOJonat ^at icbc^ t)ierte 3a^r 29 Sage? 3d& Scil^Ie nun bic 3^^ncr: fed^iig jefin itoanm breifetg ftebjig ad^tjig Dicrsig filnf jig neungig l^unbcrt [tanfenb] l^cr! Sagen Sie ba^ ©inmalcim^ 3* «^ (aunt SeifpicI): = 8 einntd ad^t ift ail)t. \ lebe "" ©cite bicfe^ 33ud^ ^ ' } ^ ^!^ tDcId^en tDcIdfte^ ^ 9Wonat ^ Gen. Ace. tft ®tefe^ iBud^ rot. iebcr ©cite iebcr ©cite biefe^ Sud^eg 9)?onat(c)^ biefent 93ud^(c) tDcId^cm 9Wonat(c) Decline: biefcr ©driller. grttn ober blau? 28tc t)iele ift Siid^er l^abcn l^icr? !Da^ eine leic^tc Stufgabe. tDcId^er (manc()er)* Singular . jener. 2 X 8 = 16 jh)cimal ad^t ift fed^gcl^n.

t§ {ha^ Smabd&en) tft . Center unb ^t<»ff^^ er fte tft 13 ^al^rc uttb . ^. S)tcfc^ ©ud^ tft rot. ©eien ®te fe^r auf tttet!fattt! SSir fittb fel^r auftnerffatn* Secret jut Slaffe: Cei^ter t^t feib fcl^r aufnterffam* unb fte ftnb aufmcrffant* Klaffe: aCe 3c^ 6tn auftrterffartt. fein alte^. How are bicfcr.g. Secret sum bu 6tft 13 3<if)t:e uttb 5 aWottatc ©c^uler: i^^ i^t iung uttb tttc^t alt. (5martf)a) tft . G. D. tft ®ic totxbtn nic cttoa^ lemen. 5 2)?onate ." Sa^g tft ctn tteue^ ©prtd^tDort tft fiir un^. ©er Slttfattg ba^felbc h)ie ha^ ^Seginncn. ®tc garbc bicfe. . SBir Icfcn S3ud^ p Snbc. 3n biefcm 93u(^ finb bicfei^ t)telc ©citcn.^ SSud^e^ tft rot. iebcr. Semen: Slnfang \^tdtv.* . tocld^cr declined? Like what? What do you call them? 2ldjte 2lufgabe ^d^tnnq ! @ic milffcn ^Sitter aufpaffen. alt. Sufammen! ^^ jjjft auftnerffam uftt). ftttb ^ert (SA 9Bte alt ©te? fittt ©agen ®tc: i^ 13 S'al^re unb 5 SRottate alt alt. . BEGINNERS' GERMAN N. 22 E. iencr.

bann bie traftion. er tDirb 16 3^al)re alt fcin. tDarft bu 14 3al)rc 15 alt. baranf bie aWnltiplifation bie 2)it)ifion. f)aben Slmerifa ©entfd^lanb ^at 26 ©taaten. h)ir [inb beibc if)x 3cil)rc alt." fo fagt man. alfo ):)abt id^ and^ ®elb» 5«id^t toa^r? Stimmt J)a^ ift ba^felbe tt)k: ift ba^ rid^tig (red^t)? 3fefet tDollen toir red^nen nnb ^Red^enanfgaben unb lofen* 2Bir nel^men bie Slbbition jnerft. finb ber altefte t)on il^nen. 923ie t)iele ©(filler finb f)ier t)iele ober finb annjefenb? ©driller finb nid^t i)kx ober abniefenb? Slmerifa {)at ie^t 48 ©taaten. 3fcil)re alt fein» fie n)erben 16 ©ie ©ie ©ie ©ie SBie finb fo alt n)ie er. ftnb nic^t fo alt n)ie er. 2Sie t)iele ©taaten nnb S)entfd^lanb jnfanxmen? „3^tt ift ®elb. toaxt 14 S'alirc alt. ©nb^ jnlefet mbition an ber Safel: 38 +26 ""64 . t)iel 3c^ l)abe biel 3^it. finb alter al^ er.BEGINNERS GERMAN 2Btc alt ftnb ©ie SBic alt fcib iSf)x 2$ unb ©ic? jufammcn? 2Btc alt h)aren ®ie le^tc^ 3ctf)r? SBie alt tDcrben ©ic ncic^ftc^ 3^af)r fcin? Snm S3cifpiel: id^ bin 15 ^ai)xt alt.

®ie 2Inttt)ort ift 456. 1 don 6 ift 5. td^ borge ein^ (S^^^^r). 456 J my 8 t)on 4 gel^t nic^t. 4 1 2 5 3um <Bubixat' an bet Safel: S3etft)tel: 8+6+4+2 + 1 974 -518 tion == uftt). 5 don 9 ift 4. bcr 2:afcl: cinntal. . tft 6. f)ole l^erunter.24 BEGINNERS GERMAN 6 unb 8 ©inn. Sinmdein^ gelemt unb fonnen 3)tt>tfiott an 5 t^ 8 ge^t l^erunter. 8470 -^ 5 = 1694 3 iibrig. SBir fiaben ba^ ntultipligieren. J)a^ fieifet bidibieren. !Da8 l^etfet Slbbtercn 13 ©ie btefe S<^^^t^' 2 4 6 8 6 5 4 9 5 9 7 3 4 21 7 8 2 5 3 9 . 4 bleiben ilbrig. S)ie 9?fuItipIifation fennen toir. e^ bleiben 2. : Cie §rntoort ift 64. ift S)ie SlnttDort 1694. e^ bleiben 3c^ 3d^ t)oIe 4 7 5 in 34 gebt fed^^mal. 8 don 14 ift 6. in gef)t 4 mal. 1 ift 14. tc^ fd^reibe 4[ l^in unb be^dte 1 int unb 2 ift 3 unb 3 abbicren. ^(^ f)oIe 5«uII Iierunter. J)a^ l^eifet fubtral^iercn. 5 5 in 47 20 gel^t 9 mal.

g. using adjectives and their E. Ji^rfeibtraurig.unb fro^ gelernt? Note that t>n is used when addressing a child (a relative. Where is the accent in most foreign nouns. . ungefctfir 4 2JJarL \)at 2Bic bide 2)?arf unb pfennig finb $42. ttjcr cj§ tticife! Conjugate the present opposites. finb !Iein» ift (e^) fc^Ied^t. a friend) i^r is the plural of bu. e.30? ^anbc ^0^. singular and plural. ift 144 unb (plu^) fec^^ {)unbert fiinf jig. gut..g. fi^r bubiftfaul. totr finb fro^. ift ^tDoIftnal jtDoIf f)unbert bierunbDicrjig. td^ bin fleifeig. beginners' GERMAN SBietiicI ift: 2$ ? 12 x 12 + 6 -^ 15 -2 = S)ie 2lntoort ift 8. er fie ift \®ii finb ®ic fie grofe. of id^ 6in. 2Ibbition? 933o l^aben mir faut . ift gel^ti. Sic is used when speaking to young people and adults. 150 10 (bidibiert) burc^ fiinfje^n h)cniger (minu^) itod ift ac^t^ Sine beutfc^e (Sin mart dollar f)at 100 pfennig.

Feminine Singular. 33Iatter einer 3)er ©driller gibt ciner Slume finb griin.e . etc. ift eine §anb.26 beginners' GERMAN rieunte 2lufgabe SBic Dieic Sage f)at cine SBod^c? (Sine 9Bo(f)e l^at [ieben Xa^t. Stume 9Baffer» !©ie ?e{)rerin l^at cine SBIume^ Is there any difference in the declension of cine t)iele and btc? SBie 9Wonate l^at ein ^al^r? gin ^'al^r l&at s^olf 2)?onate» SBie biele 9Konate bilben bafier ein ^'al^r? . etc. eine garbe. eine gmd^t. . eine Decline: cine 93Innte.. 2Kfo. eine $Red^enanfgabe. eine ^txlt.. eine Mart. eine ©d^illerin. eine B^W^ eine ©d^nle. . ^^^^ SBod^e J einer SBod^e einer SBod^e eine ©ontmergeit. Accusattve Genitive Z>a/iz. n)iebielc 9lDd^ Jage bilbcn cine SSod^e? cine 2Bo(^e* ©icben 2^age bilben einmaU sseld^e^ finb bie 9Berftage ciner SBod^e? J)ie SBerftage einer SBod^e ftnb S33ie t)iele . !Die^ ein SBeifpiel: ©ittc !J)ie Slume ift fd^on. eine 2lbbition. getertage finb in einet SBod^e? ift 3ti einer SBod^e ein geiertag* Declension: eine SBod^e. eine ©cite. .m ^r Nominative . . 3)ieIobie. eine Sef)rerin. 1 r .

aber bie ©c^tDefter ift ein aWcibd&en. ) 3<it)rc^ ftnb (f)cifeen): ©ic SBie brei ^erbftmonate eine^ ©eptember. ein SBort. ^^ y Nominative Accusattve Genitive Z>a/zz. 3c^ Slufge^jafet! t)erftef)e Ktnb bie fe{)r gnt. Oftober unb 9lot)embcr. 2^ SSeld^e^ [tub bie brei §erbftmonatc ctnej^ ^cil^re^? (ober: SBte l^eifeen . ein ein grdulein. ein 93nd^. t)iele ^al^re^jeiten gibt e^ in einem ^a%x^ (g^ gibt Dier -3af)re^seiten in einem ^(x1)x. ein aWann. ein 9Wabc^en. Decline: ein ^inb. ein SeifpieU All nouns ift in d^en ift and letn (diminutives) are of what gender? S)a^ Slattd&en ein fleine^ 33Iatt. SBa^ ein Siid^Iein? ein ^inbd^en? What ^icr difference is there between ha^ and etn in the declension? ift ein S3eifpiet: @in Sinb ift inng» 5)ie (gitern 3?(^ gebe dnt§ SinbeS ein finb alt* einem ^tnb ba^ ^ud). Declension: ein 3af)r. S)ie SItern nnb ift (bie) ^inber bilben eine gamilie* bie S)er SSater i^ran.beginners' GERMAN StDoIf 9Konate bilben ein ^a^x.e J eine^ 3af)re^ einem 3al)r S3Iatt. S)er SSater nnb SKntter finb bie (SItern eine^ ^inbe^. . aber 9Wntter ift eine ©er 58mber ift ein ^nabe. 1 . ein ?ieb. Neuter Singular.

2Bte biele S3ruber unb ®(^tt)cftern l^aben iBriibcr ©ie? 5D?uttcr unb ©d^lDeftern [tub ©cfd^tDifter.. !Ser ift ©ruber meinc^ 2?atcr^ obcr meincr mein OnfeL mcinc 2^antc.28 beginners' GERMAN Sin ^inb ift cntrt)ebcr cin ^nabc. bie Xo^ttx. T)u bleibft ni(f)t ctDig ^inb. \ Nominative Genitive ein 9}?onat cine^ 9Wonat(c)^ Dative Accusative einem 9)Jonat(e) einen 9Wonat . toa^ tx)irft. Masculine Singular. t)ox SBo tDaren ©ie einem 3)Jonat (ago)? id^ S?or einem 9Konat tdav in bcr ©d^ule. repeated when the nouns differ in Semen Ste au^tuenbig: (Sf)rc j[c^t bic Stitcn. obcr cin 9Kdbd^en. 30 obcr 31 Sage bilben cinen 9Wonat. ®ic n)arcn. ftc finb* Unb bu toa^ geljnte 2lufgabe 9Bic Dieic Sage f)at f)at cin 9D?onat? ©in aKonat 30 obcr 31 Sage. bcr ©ol^n. etc. gender or in number. | Declension: ein Wflonat. 9^cnnc ben Xiamen etne^ 9Konat^» Sluguft ift bcr 9lame eine^ 9Wonat(e)^. bu bift. 28ie Diele Jage bitben etnen 9Wonat? . is ©ie ©(^tDcfter mcine^ SSater^ obcr meincr 9Kutter ift Observe that the article.

cm gcicrtag. SBie bide ©tunben 24 ©tunben. b.^ ^. ©ie miiffen brad (ha^ ^eifet) is gut fcin^ What difference in the declension there between ber unb cin? aSeitcr! Jie ganse *tittffc. ^. cin DnfcL Sum SBcifpicl: yietd 2)orf ift cttt Staai ctncig S)ic Scute (i8ch)of)ncr) Staate^ l&ci^cn SSiirgcr* ^n cincm ^iaait gibt c6 bide ©d^ulcn^ S)ie iBiirger bilben ctncn Staat 2)a^ 23rat> fcin! bcrftcl^cn ©ie bod^? fein. 1912 cin 9Bie bide S^age finb aber in cincm ©d^altjal^r? 3n cincm ©d^altiaf)r finb 366 Sage. cin Slnfang. gg. 3lbieu! 2(uf 3Btcbcrfc^cn! . (Sine $8iertdftunbe (Sine 15 9Kinuten. S?on 2-3 ift hjieber cine ©tunbe. l^at cin lag? (Sin 2^ag l^at 28ir l^aben ie^t cine beutfd^e ©tunbe bon 10-11 Ul^r. cin 29 2t\)xtv.beginners' GERMAN Decline: cin 2^anncnbaunt. cin 5D?ann. SBie bide SBod^cn l^at ba^ ^a^r? T)^^ cv^^^ ^^^ 52 SBoc^en. cin pfennig. cin S3ruber. f)at cine ©tunbe? ©tunbe l^at 60 2)?inuten. ift ©d^altjal^r. cin S3atcr. aWinute 60 ©efunben. tin ©taat. @ine fialbc ©tunbe f)at l^at ]f)at 30 9JJinuten.^^^ 2:age ^at cin (gin ^at)V f)at ^a^r? 365 Sage. 25on 1-2 (bi^ jtt)ei) ift cine ©tunbe. cm ©d^iiler. unb SSie bide SKinuten (Sine fo tDcitcr.

! fatten ©ie tior gtt)ei ^af)xtn ©eutfd^? 9iein. unb bann tDirb e^ SKittemad^t* S)er 9)Jorgen SBeften.30 beginners' GERMAN €lfte 2lufgabe ©uten SWorgcn! 3fefet ift e^ l^ctl 9 Ufir. feit gtDei aWonaten Scorer 5um bu er l^aft feit gtDei a)Zonaten ©eutfd^. 3?an)of)I. unb aWittemac^t ber 5yiorben» fo an: Tlan rebet feine greunbe ®uten a«orgen! ®ute ma^tl ®uten Jag! tDiinfd^e ®uten §lbenb! ©a^ ift fitrjer aU: i^ ^l^nen guten Tlox- gen ufrt)» §aben ©ie ^opfmel^ (headache)? @6 tut mir fef)r leib. e6) f)ai feit gtDei aWonaten ©eutfd^* aScitct! h)ir l^aben feit gtt)ei aWonaten ©eutfd^. 9^ad^ bem fommt ber S5or= Urn 12 (2^ Uf)r e^ a^ittag. l^abcn h)ir ben 9Zad^tnittag. t)or gtDei 3^abren fiatte id^ fein ®eutfd&» ^aben ©ie fett jtDei aWonaten ©eutfd^? l^abe id^ S)eutfd^. j[e^t (g^ ift (g^ ift friif). unb ber Slbenb ift ber bie S)er 9Wittag ift ift ber ©ilben. 2Bir f)aben 3)?orgen ift ben friil^en aWorgen^ mittag. ba^ ©ie ^opfmel^ ^offentlid^ tDerben fiaben* ©ie balb h)ieber gefunb^ ^errS. ift abenb^ nid^t friil^. fonbem S)ie unb e^ ift nid^t fonbem fpat» yia(i)t folgt. ift ber Often. S)ie ®onnc fc^cint. ©arauf unb bann fommt fiell. ber Slbenb. bunfel. Piaffe! . ©chiller: Scorer unb tlaffe: (fie.

id) f)abt of id^ ijaic in complete sentences. bu f)aft bie gttieite Slufgabe. etc. etc. fie l^aben bie neunte (stDanjigfte) e^ (ba^ 5D?abd^en) ^at bie fiinfte Slufgabe. fie f)at bie t)ierte SlufQabe. f onbetn e^ fpat* . Illustrate. if)r f)abt bie fiebte Slufgabe. er ^at bie britte Slufgabe. einen 2ef)rer. ba6 Sud^. lt)ir l^abcn bie ferf)ftc Slufgabe.g. einen geiertag. etc. bic crftc Slufgabc. bie 2lnth3ort. Is there a special progressive or emphatic verbal form in German? Does the present times? replace the future and the perfect at fottbettt? What is the diffierence in the use of abet and Does fonbern mean "but on the contrary''? E. bie ?eftion.g. m e^ ift ift frub. ®ie {)aben bie a^U Slufgabe.1 beginners' GERMAN Stirrer sur il^r 3 ^abi fcit gmei 9Wonaten S)cutf(i^* Slaffe: @{e unb fie i^aben feit jtrei SWonaten ©eutfd^^ !Deutfc^^ Sci^rer filaffe: l^abcn feit itod Tlonakn Conjugate the present E. einen 25ater. ba^ SBort. Slufgabe* Use similarly: bie i^rage. ba6 ©piel. abet e^ ift bunfel ift nid^t frUb.

3n 45 aWinuten ift e^ ein SSiertel t)or S'n 50 90?innten ^iPnnft f)alb brei ift ift 10 (Jll). gel^en. Urn Q(i) h)iet)iel U^r gel^en ©ie abenb^ jn S3ett? 9Bann ftel^en ©ie morgen^ auf ? fieben Uf)r anf. SBenn Sege ic^ miibe bin.32 beginners' GERMAN giDoIfte Sluf^jaffen! ^ufgabc S)ie Uf)r ift S)a^ ift einc Uf)r. Semen Sie bie^ aui^s hjenbig: ^^ fann ftel^en. -| Don 1800 = SBiet)ieI ift 600. fie ift nic^t Seigen Sic m§ alien bie U^r in ber Slaffe! !Die ^Iaffenuf)r f)at st^ei 3^i9^^» filr bie Sin 3^tger 9Kinuten» ift ©tunben. ©i^en. f (gloei ©rittel) Don 1800 = 1200. i Don 100 i Don 120 = 20. nfto. runb. gef)en ftel^e nm Um tDiebiel ]Xi)V ©ie am ©onntag in bie ^irc^e? §aben ©ie jn ^aufe eine Ul^r? f t)on 100? = 20. 1 finb 1200. i($ mid^ . 11 (f 11). nnfere ®(^ule au^. etc. | Don 100 = 60. 20 X 6 = 120. Qn filnf 9Kinuten ift e^ fiinf $minuten 3n 15 aWinuten ift e^ ein S3iertel nad^ 3n 30 aWinuten ift e6 ^alb elf. 1 Don 100 = 40. ber anbere ift filr bie aSiediel Uf)r (g6 ift e^ jefet? gegen jel^n Uf)r» 3ft e^ frlll^ ober fpcit? nad^ 10. e^ iei)n SKinuten t)or 11. f)in.

. Sm tbcrben fal^rcn? ftxfircn. tocil fie an SBanb f)angt. SBann fommt aWit tDcId^cm bcr erfte Sm tn ©ic 9lctt) 2)orf etc. ^d) tDcrbe mit bem Ic^tcn Sm (g^ ift ntir cinerlei (c6 ntad^t td^ mir nid^t^ au^). ba^ ©ic tnilbc finb! Piaffe! ©ic miiffcn gcrabc ©erabe ift fi^cn. etc.beginners' GERMAN ©inb ©ic milbe unb 3)a6 ift 33 nid^t frifd^? fc^abc. unb' fagcn ©ic bide S^^Q^^ ^i^^ Safd^cnul^r l^at! mir. @^ tut mir Icib. tDcnn fpdt nad^ ^aufc fommc. ^a^ tut SBa^ l^cifet ba^ auf cnglifd^? ttit^t^! @^^ i^g (gnglifd^c! — SBortc Ubcrfc^en ©ic ben bilbcn cincn ©afe. ift Sine 2af(f)enuf)r cine Vit)v filr bic Safd^c* Take a railroad time-table and have the pupils read the various trains as to their leaving and arriving! Railroad l^cifet ficifet auf beutfd^ bic Sifcnbal^n. train auf bcutfc^ bcr ^^fte SM^^^ Srooflijn gcl^t 3-^* ®^^ Vii)V Sm urn 6 ^cid^ bon yim 2)orf ab. iDic iffiofiir ift bcr brittc cS^tgcr? 9Ba^ aSic gcigt bicfcr S^W^ bidf (^^)? obcr bllnn? 3ft cine 3:afd^cnul^r ift cine SBanbu^r? ift Unfcrc ^laffenul^r bcr cine 2Banbuf)r. bcr jtbcitc S^i an? 93rooflt)n gcf)t urn 6:15 bon 9^eh) 2)orf ab. nic frumtn! fo bid lx)ic aufrcd^t^ ^onncn ©ic nid)t gcrabc [i^cn? 9lcl^tncn ©ic 3l^rc Xa\<i)mu()v.

toirft Secret unb tiaffe: ' er toxxi morgen ben S^Q nefimen. id^ tDerbe id^ tDerbe einen frol^en ©onntag l^aben. morgen ben 3ug nel^men. baranf toetten. bie Unterlippe unb bie ©inb S)ie bie Sippen rot ober blau ober griln? 2\pptn finb rot. fie toerbctt morgen btn 3ug nef)men» njerbct id^ loerbe ba^ Sieb ftngen. ift SBeld^e^ S)ie bie garbe ber ?ippen? ift garbe ber Stppen tviv rot.34 Piaffe! Sefircr: BEGINNERS GERMAN Q^ bu toctbe morgen hm ^ug nefimcn. 233o l^aben totr barouf njettcn nnb froi^cn Sonntag gel^abt? Drd3cljnte 2lufgabe Slaffe! SBie diele gippen f)aben toir? 2Bir f)aben Oberlippe. ren Sic: id^ h)erbe id^ tDerbe bte id^ h)erbe in bie ^ird^e gel^en. 9Kit ben Sippen pfeifen aSeiterl 2Bie biete ginger f)aben toir? SBir t)aben sei^n fjinger jufammen. Slnfgabe lemen. SBa^ tun mit ben ?ippen? n)ir. ben ©afe fpred^en. J)a^ ift ber Heine ginger! . iDir tt^erben il^r morgen btn 3ug nefimen. morgen ben S^Q nefimen. ®ie tocrben morgen ben S^^ nef)men. jtrei Sippen.

j)ie ift bie Slufgabe ber 3^^)^^? ift Slufgabe ber Sft^ne jn beifeen unb gu fauen* 233a^ tnn mir mit htn 3af)nen? beifeen 9Kit ben ?tufge»jaf|t! Sllfe 3S^«^^ nnb fanen h)ir* 9K(inner.beginners' GERMAN ©inb 2)ie 35 bie ginger bid ober bilnn? Singer finb bilnn* ift SBeld^e^ S)ie bie gorm ber ginger? edtg* 2Sa^ tnt ajJit gorm ber finger ift mnb. granen unb ^inber SBir l^aben glDei Slugen* Tlit ben Slugen gtDei fel^en tt)iv. atte tiaben aud^ Ofiren* ajtit ben O^ren f)6ren ^ir* finb nil^Iid^* ®a6 Singe unb ha^ O^r SBir l^aben eine 92afe* S)ie SStugen. unb bie6 ift ber linfe gufe* . 9Bir l^aben jn)eiunbbrei6ig SS^ne* SBie finb bie 38^^^/ f^^^f *>^^^ ftnmpf? SBa^ . nid^t man mit ben gingem? ben fjtngem t)iele filfiU man* S)er ^al^n ift Slc^tung! SBie ^al^ne f)aben ©ie? nic^t ftnmpf* fpi^ nnb \(i)ax\. bie Ol^ren fic^t* 9)Jit ber 5yjafe ried^t unb bie 9iafe finb man* im ®t^ fill^Ien SDtit btn jefin gingem an ben itod ^cinben tDir* ®ie^ ift bie red^te §anb. unb ba^ ift bie linfe §anb* 9}Jit ber ^anb fd^reiben h)ir* gllfee* SBir l^aben aud^ gmei 93eine unb itdd 9Kit ben 58einen unb glifeen gel^en h)ir* J)a6 ift ba^ red^te S3ein.

Ace. bie ©d^iilerin.Sorper* 2luf SBir l^aben aud^ eineu ^opf. are masculine nouns ending in -e inflected? E. bie Of what gender are these nouns? Are their stem-vowels a. ber B^fin).36 beginners' GERMAN SBir leden bic Sippen mit bcr S^^i^* bem 9)?unbc (mit ber ©titnme) fprec^en jtDci 9Wit n^ir* 2Bir l^aben ami) Slrme. bie ©d^ule.g. bie Slume. Nom. bie Sippen bie ginger bie 3^^ne ber ?ippen ber ginger ber cS^^^e ben ?ippen bie itn gingem bie ben ^Ci\)ntn bie 3til^ne ?ippen ginger Decline in the plural like bie Hufgabe. l^at t)ielc S)a^ ^aav Sluf garben* lr)ir bem ^opfe tragen ift eitien ^ut» 3ln ben giifeen tragen tDir ©triimpfe unb ift ©d^uf)C* biinn* S)er ©d^uf) bid. bie bie 5Hafe. bie ^ird^e. bie garbe. -(e)n declension is called the weak declension of All other nouns that do not take the ending -(e)n in the plural (or in the genitive singular) are said to follow the strong declension. 3unge. S)cr 5lrm ift ba^ ©lieb ober ein ©lieb. k)iclc bem ^opf [tub ^aare. o. ber The noims. gran. S)ic Slrme Sllle unb bie 33eme fxnb ©licben ©lieber bilben ben . Dat. aber ber ©trumpf Declension in the Plural (bie Sippe. ber ginger. bie 2Bo(f)e. . u ever modified (Umlaut) the plural? in How ^nabe. bie Sefirerin. bie bie Sippe in complete sentences: U^r. Gen.

(b) with Umlaut ber 33ater. bie abutter and bie Jod^ter. o. and accusative plural always the same with any noun? Do English nouns ever form the plural by Umlaut? Illusof the tive plural are of trate. ba^ 9Wabd^en. bie Sippen. (ber gt^eunb). ber ?ippe. bie ginger. (bie B^i^ne): 1^ (b) with Umlaut K^ H^ |p Most ber ©ol^n. be^ ginger^. ber Xaq. bie SBanb. ber ginger. Give the principal parts of nouns as follows: bie ?ippe. ber ©ruber.^ graulein. ba6 ©piel. bie ^a^t. ber Onfcl. ber ©ommcr. ia^ Sdi)x. bcr aSintcr. (a. genitive. ber gufe.BEGINNERS' GERMAN Decline in the plural like ber finger: (a) 37 ber ^orpcr. etc. did you notice about the dative plural of all nouns? these How many What nouns? feminine nouns are in this class? all are the nominative singular endings of Decline in the plural like ber S^il^* (a) without Umlaut: ber 2lrm. ber ©trutnpf. §anb. ber ©c^ul^. ber ©arten. ber bie ^opl ber §ut. ber ?ef)rer. ber ©driller. nound that take the ending -e in the nominawhat gender? Are the nominative. Do these nouns take an additional ending to form the plural? What 1^. . ba^ 33ein. bie Suft. il): ba.

. u always modified in the plural NOTE S)iefe^ ^inb ift ein ^nabe. feF)en ben Snaben oft. ba^ S3ud^. ba^ ®Iieb. S3Iatt. ba^ ©prid^toort (bie bet 2)?ann. Nominative Genitive bie f inber ^inbem ^inber ber ^inber Dative Accusative ben bie Decline in the plural like ba^ ^inb in complete sentences: ba6 Sieb. ®er Snabe 3d^ gebe SBir S)iefe fieifet ^arl.38 beginners' GERMAN t)ter3ctjnte 5Iufgabc ^tnber? gri^^ Slttftjaffen! 5E3te l^etfeen biefe beiben 2)te Stnbcr Iieifeen ^an6 unb SBeld^e^ finb bie 9^amen bcr ^inbcr? ©ie 9laTnen 2Ber ftef)t bet ^inbcr finb $an6 unb grUj» bei ben ^inbem? ben ^nbern^ 2)er Sefirer ftel)t bei SBer SBir fiel^t unb l^ort bie ^inber? fel^en unb f)oren bie ^nber* Declension of ia^ ^inb in the Plural. What is the gender of most nouns taking -er in the nom- inative plural? of these Are the stem-vowels nouns? a. 0.). etc. 35er 9lame be^ Snaben ift tarl bem Snaben ein 93ud^. Snaben finb nteine ©driller. ba^ SSiid^er.

C. . er f)at 32 S^^xit. (2)the (3) -e -cr class class (always the Umlaut) declension). -(e)n nominative plural (Mixed declension). 1 the iV<7-ending class .^ Sic garbe ^ic 3tugc^ t[t oft blau^ Stttgen ftnb im ©eftd^t.^. No Umlaut). bn fiaft gefin ginger.^ O^rc^ gu I)6ren* SBir l^aben gtDei Di^ren. Classify all nouns into: The -n (1) class (Weak declension. J -(c)^ genitive singular. Why called should these three nouns be said to follow the so- mixed declension? ^flnfjcl^nte Zlufgabe (Review) \ B.beginners' GERMAN In what sion differ 39 way do the masculine nouns of the weak declenfrom the feminine nouns? S)ie 9)?anncr einc^ (Biaatt^ ftnb btc SBiirger. ift S)tc Slufgabc be. 3)ie Staatctt 9^ett) 2)orf 3f(^tung! I unb 9ten) ^erfeij Itcgcn im Often t)on §lmerifa» be. SBicbcrtjolung ber ganjen S)eHination ber tDorter mlinblid^ ^anpt^ nnb fc^riftlid^! SSamm c3* l^eifeen Nouns anf beutfc^ ^anpttDorter? ^* it^ f)tibe gtDei 8ip|)cn.

©tc ftc l^aben jtDct S^fe^^ ftarfc ®Iicbcr» ^ahtn SScrtDanbeln ®ic (Change) ben ©ingular in htn in bie plural in bicfcn ©a^en (bic (Singal^l id& f)abc einc S^afe.40 beginners' GERMAN ftc (c^) fiat t)ter Sild^cr. cr l^at cinen 2op\. ®ibt e^ einen ^Inrd t)on „ein. ^aht fcc^6 ?e]^rer. fie (e6) f)at ein Sieb* S* S* SBir fiaben (gtDei 5Rafen) 9?afen uftt). bu l^aft einen SBruber. eine.e einige einiger einigen einige Accusative SBeanttDorten ©ie bie folgenben gragen: SBomit SBomit SBomit fefien n)ir? l^oren irir? ried^en n)ir? tx)ir? SBontit fnt)Ien SBomit fc^meden SBomit SBomit iDir? gel^en tdxx? fpred^en toir? SBontit beifeen n)ir? aiBomit fd^reiben njir? . ein"? SJJan fann folgenben *ipinral gebrand^en: Nominative Genitive Z>a/iz. n}ir f)abcn fiinf tl^r Sd^rcrinncn.

and^ mit jel^n . SBir gel&en na^ bem SBeften ju nnferen grennben* . fd^one — S— . treife Setiren* l^eifet fiil^Ien. id^ gef)en.furjen ^aU S3ein (ber §al^. — red^te^ linfe^ S3ein» (Sr fiat gt^ei (gr l^at gtoei blane O— What ein. su. nnb — — .linfen 2lmi. aWnnb S)er Bpvud) mnb. nnb aufter? Illustrate.^ ^^^ §anben fann 9Kit bent 9Kunbe fann 9)}it ben Ot)ren fann id^ f)oren ®nte ©prlid^e.: beginners' GERMAN SBeld^c^ ift 4I obcr bic 3<J^I bie garbc obcr bie gorm bcr Sippen? ber i5to9^i^? ber 3^^^^? berS3ll(^er? Semen ®ie bie^ au^^ tt>enbifl: 9Kit ben gjjit Hugen tann id^ fel^en.runben ^opf mit ein. Supply the missing endings or words in: ^txi^nabe l^at ein. ic^ greifen. trenn man pfeift* fommt t)on fpred^en. E.fleine 91 — nnb bet.red^ten 2lmt nnb ein. neck).g. ift ©reifen S)er l^alten. feit aui^. ben glifeen fann ^^. (gr l^at ein. na^. Don. i(| pfeifen. §anbe gnte glDei case do these prepositions always govern ntit.

SBann 9)?ein ift ^^r ©eburt^tag? ift ©eburt^tag am jel^nten 3<itiuar» Sin treld^em Sage l^aben ©ie ^l^ren ©eburt^tag? SBann ift SBaf^ington^ ©eburt^tag? SBann ift gincoto ©eburt^tag? ©eben ©ie bie rid^tige 3lnttt)ort in (ber. ben. am) SJBann beginnt ber SBinter? brei ©a^en SBann beginnt ber griil^Iing? uftD* SBann ift 2Seif)nad&ten? 2ln tDeld^em Sage ift Sleuial^r? 9Kan tDllnfd^t feinen greunben „®lMli^e^ 9?eu^ ober „^rofit ^tniai)x" unb .. l^atten rt)tr 1911 SBcId^e^ SBeld^e^ geftem (gel^abt) ? Saturn tDerben h)ir morgen f)aben? etc." SBeld^er SSeld^er Sag Sag ift ift ber 9?ationaIfeiertag in Slmerifa? ber 9?ationaIfeiertag in Seutfc^^ lanb? .! L 42 BEGINNERS' GERMAN 5ed?3eljnte 2lufgabe ®utcn SBcId^er Jag ift ^eute? t§ S^ncn? aSie ficpn- €>^iitc ift S)onner^tag.grof)li(^e ial^r'' SBeif)nad^ten. bcr 23» JZoDember 191 !Der n)iet)ieltc ift t)cute? ben Sie ft^? ©Vte^cn Sie !5)cr breiunbjlDangigfte 9?ot)etnbcr* ieutHc(|:gfjennen ©ie ba^ fieutige ©atxtm nod^ einmal! fein? SBeld^e^ SBeld^e^ Saturn Saturn Saturn Saturn iDar geftem? iDirb morgen SBeld^e^ l^aben iDtr l^eute? §cute l^aben tDir ben breiunbjlDanjigften 9Jot).

ha^ genaue !S)atum an! NOTE PRETERIT PRESENT l^cute ift FUTURE gcftem ti3ar morgen n)trb ( ) fein WitttdOii). 191L in Where are German? infinitives Illustrate. S^^itag. ©ipfel be^ S3ergc^ fnnfelt 5lbenbfonncnfd^cin» ^m . (Sin 5D?ftrd^en an^ alten 3^tten. 5«ot).beginners' GERMAN SJBann ^abtn ©ie frci. 191L 191L bcr 24. ben24. bcn23.9lot)a911[ge^a6t]. [fein]. bcr 23.5«ot). ber 22. traurig bin. ba^ man ftngcn fann. S)a6 fontnxt ntir nid^t an^ bem ©inn* ©ic guft ift m% nnb e^ bunfett. and (perfect) past participles placed Are they inflected as verbal nouns? Steb3et^nte 2lufgabe Stufgevafft! 2Btr tooUtn cin ncue^ ©ebtd^t lemen: ^tc 2onUx @tn ^d^ ®ebt(3^t.5«ot). S)onner^tag. l^etfet cin ?teb* h)erbe bie erftc ©tropl^c be^ Stebe^ langfam fonncn: tjorfprec^en. Unb ®cr rul^ig flicfet ber SJl^ein. 43 obcr tt)ann ^dbtn ®te gcrien? ©eben ®ic. fo ha^ ©ie mid^ berftel^en 3c^ S)a6 ^eife ntd^t. ben22. 9lot). S^^itag. 5Rot). tt)a^ id^ fo foC e^ bebeuten. 2)onner^tag. I ©eftern l^attcn h)ir ( ) §eute [gel^abt] SKorgen n)crbenn)ir( f)aben tt)ir )^aben 9Kittlt)od^. bitte.[{)a6en].

. aber er fliefet SSerftel^en ©ie je^t aKe^? ©e^en ©ie ben bie le^ten glDei 3^W^^ ^^^ Sorelei in "ipiural! 3fefet iDoIten h)ir ha^ Sieb.J^g) !Dcr ©ipfel be6 93erge^ S)cr gufe be^ S3erge^ (g^ funfelt l^eifet: ift: f)0(^ oben auf bem S3erge» ift: unten am (an bem) SBerge* e^ fd^eint. funfelt^ iBebcuten fieifet fo t)iel tt)te: fagen. ber S3erg. e^ glifeert* 9Ba^ ift ba^ ©egenteil Don: traurig? SBo l^aben ©ie e^ gelemt? fiir 28a6 fonnen ©ie 2)er 9Jf)ein „e^ bunfelt" fagen? (gr ift fliefet mf)ig* ein glufe. ober tDa^ tDolIen foil l&eifeen? ift SSa^ ®ic bantit fagcn? (Sin SKard^en eine ©efd^id^te. English: ice. 44 beginners' GERMAN SBcId^e SBorter fcnncn ®tc. S)ic gorclei fi^t auf cinem SBerg (cf. ober bie erfte ©tropl^e be^ Siebe6 ftngen! 2Bie biele Sieber l^aben tt)ir fd^on au^menbig ge^^ lemt? ©ingen ©ie entail D SEannenBoum nod^ einmal! bie erfte ©tropfie be^ 3d^ ^erbe ^f)nen be^ biftieren! neuen gie^ . eine Segenbc* 9?ur)ig bebeutet ftill. bcr ©ipfel. l^eifeen* 9Kan ba^ fagt: 2Ba^ foil ba^ bebeuten. ein ©trom* S)er aWiffiffippi f(^nelt. ba^ 2)?ar(^en. bie Sorelei. unb n)o ftnb fie bor* gcfommen? SBeld^e SSorter fennen S)ie SBorter: ©ic nid^t? bcbeuten. ift aud^ ein glufe. vnt)iQ.

btc Sorelet. @^ fd^oner unb bcffer al^ Diele feiner Sieber* ffrarjen unb Wxttooxtcn S* S* SSBer f)at bic Sorelei gebid^tet? ufto* NOTE er f)at ba^ ©ebid^t gcbid^tet. gcfc^rieben ober gebid^tet. ^einrid^ ^einc tDurbe ift im ^al^re 1797 geboren unb (Sr lebte alfo t)on im ^af)re 1856 ein^ ift gcftorben. Sctcn Sic aufmcrfs §cute toerben tt)ir becnben ^^^^ beenbigen! ^d) h)erbe Qf)nm ha^ 2)?ctrd^en bon ber Sorelei Seenbiguttg cr^ gal^Ien* iBeenbigen fommt bon @nbc. ((Sr)jaf)Ien 3<i^I» ©rjcil&Iung l^eifet ettda^ erjcifilen. What kind of verb is bid^tcn? And ftcrbctt? Are they both transitive verbs? Note auxiliaries. ©ie fifet oben auf . fommt t)on fieifet tttda^ beenbigen. aber cr ift inx ^ai)xt 1856 geftorben. Where is the negative nid^t placed? 2ld?t3eljnte 2tufgabe ba6 Sieb. 1797 bi^ 1856 unb ift tDurbe faft fciticr 59 ^afire alt. SBa^ 2{Ifo: ift bie SBieber^oIung? ift ©ie Sorelei nad^ ber Segenbe ein fd^one^ "ifflab^ d^en mit golbnem ^aar. S)ie Sorelei fd^onften unb bcften ©ebic^tc.BEGINNERS GERMAN %d^imqlA 45 ^cinrtc^ ^cine ^at ha^ fci^onc ?icb. bie ?oreIei. (gr ift bcr ©tester be6 fd^onen ©ebtd^te^.

l^at eitien if)r 3)ie Sorelei f)at bli^enbe S'utDelen unb gol- benen ^amm in ber §anb. nnb fo ger^ fd^ellt (jerbrid^t) fein S3oot an bem gelfen* ©0 ftirbt ber ©c^iffer in Slttftttcrfs ben SBelten be6 dt^tin^. in einent ©c^iffc^en. e^ mit golbenem ^amme Unb fingt ein Sieb babei. ©elDaltige SKelobei^ 2Ba^ fonnen ©ie SBa^ fonnen©ie 2Ba^ fonnen ©ie ftatt bte f^i)nfte ftatt t^r Su«9ftau fagen? goIbne)^@efd|meibe fagen? ftatt bli^et fagen? 2Ba^ fonnen ©ie ftatt gettjalttge SWebbei fagen? ©ingen ©ie ad^ttttig! bie jttieite ©tropl^e! S)ie britte nnb le^te ©tropf)e lantet fo: ©en @r @r ©d^iffer im fleinen ©d^iffe 2Bel^. fd^ant nnr f)inanf in bie §o]&» . if)r ©ie fcimmt ©ie fammt golbene^ ^aar.46 "^ beginners' GERMAN cinetn [ef)r Serge ant dt^dn. ]^at eine ©a^ tDnnberfame. !J>ie Sie glDeite ©tropl^e t)on Soreici lantet: iatn fein! S)ie fc^onfte ^ungfran fi^et Sort oben tDnnberbar. ba^ 8ieb nnb (l^inanf)* \itf)t iu ber [c^onen Sorelei entpor (£r fief)t nnr fie altein an. ©ie iDonttt fie golb^ ne^ ^aar fdmntt^ fingt ein tDnnberbotle^ Sieb mit ntcid^tiger 3)?eIobie* @in ©c^iffer in l^ort feinem fleinen ©(^iffe. Unten flie^t ber ^^Ii^fe ftarf jtDifc^en l^of)en gelfen (rocks). Q^v golbne^ ©efd^nteibe bli^et. (grgreift e^ mit n)ilbem fd^ant nid^t bie gelfenriffe.

fonbem ein 33ud^* 3d^ fe^e l^ier au^ ein iBilb.ift mein 3ft e^ ein §eft? SJldn.! beginners' GERMAN 47 ^^ gtaubc. ^[t e^ 3^r Sa. e^ ift fein §eft. unb bort finb fed^^ genfter. [o t)iel h)ie? fageti anftatt: bie SBellen \)tx^ 2Ba^ fonnen ®ie fd^Iingen am @nbe ©d^iffer unb ^af)n? SBe^Iialb [tirbt ber ©c^iffer? ©ingen ©ie ^teffc! bie lefete ©tropt)c ber gorelei! fllr Unfere Slufgabe morgen ift: ©te gorelei gans au^tDenbig gu lernen gu fijunen* unb fd^reiben Heun3eljnte 2lufgabe Stt^tung! 9Ba^ 2)a6 I)aben tft ©te ha liegen? 93u(^? 33ud^. S)er ©d^iffer (gr frfiaut tft l^at alfo ©el^nfud^t (longing). !J)a6 papier barf aber nid^t l^erumliegen! ^etr XA ©tefien ©ie auf ©agen ©ie: ©ie id^ ftel^e auf* finb grofe. e^. etn Sud^. f)at mit i{)rem ©ingcn S)ie Sorelet gctan. be^l^alb fage id^: ©tel&cn id&: ©ie auf! Sn einem ^inbe fage 3u ^inbem fage id&: fteK^) (^^U ftel&t auf! . bic SBellen t)erf(^nn9cn Unb ba6 Sim Snbe ©d^iffer unb ^a{)n.

blau ober rot. SSeld^e garbe f)at S^r^Ieib? 2)a§ toar ntd^t^! ^n n)ie ein paar ©tunben mufe e^ beffer gefien! Q^ ift nid^t unaufmerffam ©ie fein fonnen! 5U glauben. rot? 3! aWein 35ud^ SBeld^e^ J)ie bie garbe 3^re^ SBud^e^? ift garbe meine6 iBud^e^ diele rot. ba^ tt>av gut! 3d^ mufe ©ie loben (praise)! I^tduletn 3ft 3^r «ud^ ift ift griln. ^^v 55ud^! ^6) ncl^mc mcin $8uci&. ^ffnen ®ic Q\)v Sud^. ober mad&en@ie «uc^ ^d^ Su! fd^Iiefee ieijt mein 58ud^ ober mad^e mein $8ud& ober tDcg! in. ©inb ©eiten in 3f)rem S8ud^(e)? t)iele meinem 58ud^ finb 3eigen ©ie mir ^i)v iBud^! 3^ geige ^i^neti mein Sud^» 3^an)of)I. fjraulein 21*' ©ie l^aben ein fd^one^ ^leib an. bittc. .48 beginners' GERMAN yitf)mtn ©ic. 8tuf|iaf|en! id^ offne mein 35ud&. ©el^n ©ie ftd^! (33Ieiben ©ie ftel^en!) ©ie tnuffen fagen: id^ felje mid^* ^anfe fd^on! 5)a^ iDar nid^t iibel. ober madden Sic 3i&r S8u^ auf! 3(^ offnc mein 93ud^ ober mad^e mcin Sud^ Sie icijt 3i&t^ auf. Scgcn ©ic 3f)r S8ud^ f)in 3d^ lege mein iBud^ f)in. in ©eiten. 3fltr ©d^Iicfeen Sud^.

offnet if)r 33u(^. Sufammen: ^^^^ ^ein ^eft nic^t anf^ Sege ic^ mein papier f)in? \)aht ^i) mein ^leib an. unfer. cr offnct fcin ^Vi6). ©d^reiben ®ie ^onjngationen gn ^anfe! l^in! 3c^ einmal! lege ie^t mein i8nd^ ^in? SBer legt je^t fein SBuc^ f)in? SBa^ legft bn jefet SSol^in legt if)r jefet enre SBiid^er? SBann legen ®ie ^\)xt S3iid^er f)in? SJSie n3erben fein unb mein.BEGINNERS GERMAN Scorer: Scl^rer 49 bu unb ' offncft bcin S3ud^. ©ie offnen 3^re fie Slicker. n)ir offnctt unfere SBiic^cr. id^ JlonjuQte^ ren Sie afic {^ fd^Iiefee mein genfter. c^ offnet fein 53u(^. ftc I «Iaffc: . bein. \6) ftelle mein S3ilb nid^t toeg (ftellen biefe l^eifet legen). . ' t^r offnet eure Silc^cr. euer. offnen if)re SBiic^er. i^t befliniert? SBarum nennt man fie @in=9Borter? aSeld^e^ finb bie (Snbungen be^ ^rdfen^? NOTE Can an adverb separate the from its subject in German? Is it possible in English? inflected form of the predicate Illustrate your assertion. fein.

fonbem fc^h)arg. ftc J)ic lafel i)ti^t aud^ bie SBanbtafel. fpttfa^ren! ?efen ©ie. bie lafel nid^t toeife.! 50 beginners' GERMAN Hufgcjiafet! 2Ba^ 3)a^ fef)en ©ie ba? ^\t e^ einc Jafcl ober tint ^arte? ift eine 2afel. ift toeife. ^artc l^etfet aud^ bie SBanbfartc. tDcil an bcr SBanb 5)ic ift. 2)u 9fef)men ©ie bie ^reibe ober ein ©tiid ^reibe in bie §anb! fd^netl bie ^c^ nel^me SBie ift ^reibe in bie §anb» bie treibe? 3^ ft fie h)eife ober fd^toarj? ^it ^reibe fc^tuara. SBarum ffraulein ficifet fie fo? ©tel^en ©ie auf! 3d& «taffe: ftel^e auf. 3)u fd^reibft ufto. ©d^reiben ©ie an bie Safel bie Xux (door) ^i) Slaffe! SBeiter fd^reibe an bie Jafel bie Xnt. aber bie Sinte (ink) ift 3ft bie Safe! n^eife? ift 9iein. toa^ an ber lafel ilBir lefen. ©el^en ©ie fc^nelt an bie 2^afel! ^^ aiaffe: Qt^t fd^netl gel^ft fd^nelt an an bie bie SafeL Safel uftD. h)a^ ftel^t! ftel^t* an ber Safel . 3)u ftef)ft auf uflD. fcinc ^axtt.

beginners' GERMAN gcgcn @ic bic ^rctbc tDicbcr Qii) lege bic l^in! SI ^rcibc tDiebcr ^n. flci^. cr gcl^t in feinc 93anf. . fie feijt ft.! 3f(^ feljc mid). ^enr «. fie gcf)t . SSic IJrttuleitt (gden fid^! ©tube? ©e^en ©ie 9i.^. i eg fefet ft(^. r ' ®te fe^en fie fet^en fid). fc^t il^r J \ md). fie gcl^cn in if)re SBfinfe^ 9((^tung! ©cf)cn ®ie bort bic ©tange? !Die ©tange t)icle ftc^t in eincr (gdfe biefer I)at bic ©tube.. ' if)r gcf)t in cure 93(infe. in itirc 58anf. tiaffc! bu Icgft uftD* Scenbigcn! ©cl^en ®ic in ^l^re Sanf! ^'(^ gel^c in mcine Sdant Slaffe: bu geMt in beinc S3ant.! SBie befinben ©ie fid^ l^cute. tt)ir ^" ' fe^en uttS. e^ gef)t in fcine 58anf n)ir gcl^en in unfere S3(infc. ®ie gcl^cn in 3ff)tc SSanfe. cr fe^t m. Sei^rer irab bu fefe(ef)t Wdj. Piaffe. gut ober fd^Ied&t? ^^ befinbe mid^ n)ol)l unb gut* .

I e^ nimmt feine geber. bu nintmft beine geber. td^ gcl^c an bie Jiir^ S)ie Siir id^ ift jefet ju. bxi fuf)Ift bid^ ftarf uftD.^erein! O! ©ie finb e^?'' ?fef)men ©ie 3^re geber! S((^tung! 9Kan fd&reibt mit (ber) geber unb Jinte. ©ann fage id^: .! ©tcl^en ©ic auf.52 Slaffc! Sertig BEGINNERS GERMAN bu bcftnbcft bid^ ufm* 5iif)Ien ©ic ftd^ ftarf obcr fd^n)ac|? mac^en! Slaffe! SBeitcr! Qd) fiifile tnid^ ftarf. Setter unb filaffc: r id^ net)me meine S^ber. madjtnl ^lopfen ©ie an bie Jiir! 3d^ Sel^rer: ffopfe an bie Xixv. n)ir nel^men unfere gebem ufn)» S&o l^aben n)ir nimm gef)abt? er j fie . mad^e fie auf^ ^d^ gel^e (h)ieber) juriidf in meine33anf unb fe^e rnic^* bu ?5erttg ftel^ft auf ufrt). nimmt feine i^^ber. nimmt il^re geber.. ©te bie Xixv auf. ©a6 ift bic Jlir. unb madden bic 8uft ift fd^Icd^t. tDa^ ©ic tun! id^ ftcl^c auf. ift 5)ic Jilr ie^t p. bcnn ©agen ©ic ©d^iitct: iebc^mal. ^err».

bu . ©eutfc^. gelb? njeife. Note the change singular present. iBilb. mein bu ficl^ft . ein Sifd^. 2Bo blau. Sifd^^ ift mein 3ft e^ ein ©d^ranf ? 9?ein. of root-vowel c into i (ic) in the second and third rctt Sonjugic* ®ie: i^ gebc il^m mein Sdu^. bu t^^ lefe id^ fcl^c gibft licft . . rot. ©d^tDarg. . liegt braun ober gran? SBIeiftift? mein . e^ ift fein ©d^ranf.beginners' GERMAN Secret: S3 ©pred^en ©ie ®eutfd&? id^ fpred^c ttaffc unb Secret: ©eutfd^. ©ie miiffen alle^ miinblid^ unb fd^rtftlid^ madden! (£tnunb3tt)an3igfte 2lufgabe Stufgc^jafet! ®a^ S)a^ (g^ ift ift bcr Xtfd^. fonbem ein 2ifd^» be^ Jifd^e^? edEig? ift edfig. meine ®efc^i(^te. bu fpric^ft er fprid^t J)cutf(^ ufm. 9Bie ift bie gorm 3ft S)ie er runb ober gotm fifee filje be^ Jifd^e^ Q^ SBo ©ie an bem Sifd^ unb auf bem ©tul^L id^? fi^en an bem Sifd^ unb auf bem ©tul^L id^ SBol^in fe^e mid^ {e^t? ©ie fe^en fid^ ie^t an ben Jifd^ unb auf ben ©tul^I* f Sluf^jaffen! S)a^ ift ift ber Sleiftift! bie aSa^ garbe meine^ S3Ieiftift^? ©run. .

n)ir il^r tragen bie ^orbe Dor bie ©durante. tragt bie ©ie tragen fie bie t)or bie ©d^rcinfc^ tragen bie ^orbe ber t)or bie ©d^ranfe^ aSotft^t! SBo S)er ftef)t ^orb iefet? ^orb ftef)t {eljt t)or bent ©d^rant fatten ©ie btn ^orb Jointer ben ©tuf)!! 3fd^ i^alte ben ^orb f)inter btn ©tuf)L . triigt ben ^orb tior ben ©d^ranf. e^) ^orb t)or ben ©d^ranf.? ! 54 beginners' GERMAN 3^r ©ic ^\t SBIeiftift liegt id^ auf bent Xi\d). ift aber ber ©tuf)I ift nicbrig. ^orbe bor ^orbe bie ©d^rcinfe. aber bcr ©d^ranf fern (meit ah) t)on mir^ ^ft ber ©d^tiiffel f)ier im ©d^ranf ©el^en ©ie 9Kit ben SBifd^er unb bort btn ^orb? bem SBifd^er tdi\d)tn h)ir bie 3:afel ab. ift» tDcil e^ ein ^orb ba^ papier fd^hjcren 3« etnem Sragen ©ie ben id^ ^orb bor ben ©d&ranf ©rfjiilet: Center unb Slaffe: trage ben bu cr trSgft ben (fie. biefer S3leiftift meincr obcr bcr fcine obcr bcr !5)iefer SBIeiftift ift bcr meine unb nid^t ^Iircr* NOTE What is the difference between the possessive adjectives and the possessive pronouns? 5Paffen ®ie ®cr Xi\^ !Dcr 3:ifd^ ift f)od^. ift ^wf* nal^c bei mir. @in fold^er ^orb fiir fieifet aud^ ein *iPapierforb. SBIciftift? SBofiin lege Icgen meincn ^^vm 53Ieiftift auf ben Xi\(S). ^orb t)or ben ©d^ranf.

tueiter! torb je^t? ber ^orb l^tnter bem ®tnf)L 3efet ift ©el^en ©te tDteber auf ^i)xtn ^la^! SBo ift ber Q^ [ \ Qttjt iDieber anf meinen ^Ia^» *ipiafe. n)ir gel^en tDieber auf unfere ^la^e uftu^ ©e^en ®ie S'd^ fe^e fid^ auf 3f)ren ^la^! mid^ auf meinen ^la^.' BEGINNERS GERMAN aSettetr |t?ff<^J 55 bu cr f)Slt\t (ftc. e^ tDafd^t fid^ tdix tDafd^en il^r un^ §aare (ba^ §aar). ba^ ^aar. ^aare. ba^ ^aar. I e^ gefit toieber auf feinen ^la^. e^) l^alt ben «orb Winter bie bm ©tul&I. fie gelit tDieber auf if)ren "ipia^. gut in meinem Sett ufiD* . er tDafd^t fie iDcifd^t fid^ . ft as imperatives? in the second and third Sonjugics ten ®ie: ' id^ h)afd^e mir ba^ §aax ba^ §aar. ben ^orb I)mter ben ©tul^l. bie (bie ^aare). P 3ltte. bu rt)afd^(ef)t bir fid^ ba^ §aar. auf beinen ^lafe uftD* j^q^j. £? maS' * tDtr fatten bie «orbe Winter ^mu uftD. tDafd^t eud^ bie ^aare. ©ie fie iDafd^en fid^ bie tDafd^en fid^ bie ^aare* ^ottiugieren ©ie in berfelben SBeife miinblid^ id^ n)afd^e id^ fd^lafe unb fd^riftlid^: mir ben ^opf uftt). Slaffe! Sfertig bu fei5(ef)t bid^ tnae^en! Which two verbal forms may be used Observe the change of root-vowel a into singular present. bu gel^ft n)ieber auf belnen er gel^t tt)ieber auf feinen ^lai}.


beginners' GERMAN



unb bann

fd^rcibcn ©ic,



am Jage

auf, tDafc^en




[td^, effen



©ie in


fomtnen ©ie nad^

^aufe, arbeiten unb fpielen ©ie,

©ie ju




©ie in



2Ba^ tun ©ie,


ba^ papier aufjul^eben?

auf, id^ trete

au^ ber S8anf,
id^ f)ebe




^lafe, id^


ba^ papier
auf meinen


mid^ auf,



*ipia^, id^ trete

in bie S3anf,

fe^e mid^.

Soniugteren ®ie bie^ gu gnbe miinblid^ unb





the only true reflexive pronoun?
is it

With what person
Is it declinable?


Are t^ and ba^ variable as indefinite subjects? Can you now decline the personal pronouns?


2d Person


3d Person FEMININE






















euer (3f)ren)
eud& (3f)nen)


un^ un^



cud^ (©ie)



gtt)etunb3ir)an3igfte 2lufgabc



ba ober



Slber tDcr

iDeife, tDie

auf engli[d^





biefe i^vaQt in^ (Sngtifd^Cv



Unfcr ©d^uljtmmer beftnbet





SSanbe, einen gufeboben unb eine


S)er gufeboben

unter un^, btc




2ln htn

SBanben befinben
§ln ben


btc SEafeIn, bie be^f)alb aud^ iffiatibtafeln fieifecn,

SBanbeti l^angcn aud^ 93ilber»
be^ Sef)rer^»

25or ber ^Ia[[e
l^at eine


ha^ ^ult

®a6 ©d^uljimmer

Siir nnb


2ln ber linfen @ette ftnb bie genfter,
S)ie Xixx

an ber


bie Xixv.

anf ben ®ang.




ha^ Simmtv Don linf^, ^immel nnb bie SBoIfen





bnrd^ bie genfter.

Unfer ©d^nljim^






©ad^en ober ©egenftctnbe




unferm ©d^nlgimmer?





5yieben ttield^em


nnfer ©d^nljimmer?



J)ede oben ober nnten?




finb bie genfter anf ber linfen ©eite ber


$D?an fann beffer lefen, tDenn ba^ Sid^t t)on linf^


beffer fiir bie Slngen*


beginners' GERMAN
fel^en h)ir

burd^ bie gcnftcr?




S^utsimmcr fagcn?
bcr ©d^ule







^i^tncr in

fiir bie

®ef)en ®ie {e^t in bie ©d^nle?
3^an)of)I, id^ gel^e je^t in bie




ein 53oben




Sin gnpoben

ber Sgoben nnter ben giifeen*
ift ift



ber ^apierforb?




ba^ Safd^entnd^?

giir bie {Q^vc) 9Zafe fiaben


ein Jafd^entud^ in

ber Safd^e,



eine Xafel





eine Jafel

an ber SBanb.








bie tlaffennf)r?

9Ba^ SBa^


ein SSef)

ift ift

ha^ ^opfh)ef)? ^atinlDe^? ba^ Silberbnd^?





ein iBnd^

mit S3ilbem,

2Ba^ 2Ba6


eine 3^it






3^it be^ ©omnter^^

eine 3^tt

bie SBinterjeit? ^erbftjeit?



l^aben h)ir Sutttmerseit gef)abt?

SBa^ SBa^






Sin S3abejimmer


^i^^^^ i^^





(©ie tDol^nen in 3^l^rem ^anfeO





benn ein d^iimmtx?



3d^ bin


meinem ©d^ulsimmer^

beginners' GERMAN



bift jefet

in beinem ©d&ulsttnmcr

ten Sic ba^ ©e^eti ©ie






Srft munblid^, bann





©d^uljimrtter, ober gebcn



eine Sefd^reibung

bon S^retn ©c^uljimmer;

3f)tem 2Bof)njimmer;

bon 3f)rem (gfejimmcr; bon








What can you

say of compound nouns?



(component) determines their gender and

their declension?

Which component has the accent? How does the first component affect the meaning compound noun?

of the


do the prepositions
an, auf, l^intcr,
tiebeti, in,

uber, untcr, t>ox unb smif^en

take the Dative?

Do you ask where or whereto? do these prepositions take the Accusative? SBie fragen ©ie: SBo ober tt)ot)in? Illustrate.
From now on encourage
the students to ask questions on

the reading texts, so as to stimulate their natural interest

and curiosity and to develop


of expression.


beginners' GERMAN



ijortfc^ung t)on „Unfcr Sc^ulsimmcr"


unfcrcr Piaffe finb


nod^ 16 ©driller, b. !)


obcr S'ungen, unb

28 ©d^ulerinnen,


Syjabd^en, alfo ju^

famnten 44 ©driller.






anf 33anfen, metften^

auf einer


2Bir i)abm

33ud^er t)or un^, aber fein S3u(^


je^t SDeutfc^,




einc Sefirerin lel^rt


SBir ©d^iilcr unb


lerinnen lernen ie^t J)eut[d^ in ber ©d^ule*

SSor itod ^af)vtn

nod^ fein S)eutfd^»

SBir lernen ©eutfd^

fpred^en, fd^reiben

unb aud^

lefen, tioa^ bie



fonnen aud^ beutfd^




SBir fd^reiben




mand^mal aud^ mit geber unb


2lm ©onnabenb unb





©agen ©ie,

t^ie biele ©driller

unb ©d^iilerinnen

eignen Piaffe finb!
einen beutfd^en Sel^rer ober eine beutfd^e

^aben ©ie


©ie nod^

fein S)eutfc^?

S?or einem -3af)re

l^atte id^

nod^ fein ©eutfd^* nod^ fein S)eutfd^,



l^attcft t)or






bor einem S'al^re nod^ fein


^atitn t)or einem ^al^re nod^ fein S)eutfd^,


^atUt dor einem ^al^re nod^ fein 3)eutfd^,
l^atten t)or


einem Qai)xt nod^

fein ©eutfd^,

fie flatten

dor einem ^ctfire nod^ fein S)eutfd^,

beginners' GERMAN ^oniuqit' ren Sic 6l uftD/. gcil^Icn. rcd^ncn. legen. 9n 3n 3n 3n 3)cutfd^Ianb tDol^ncn ©cutfd^c. bcr ©cutfc^ fprid^t ufm* What is the force of the adjective-ending -ifd^? . fagcn. setgen. bic Snglifd^ fprcd^cn* granfrctc^ n)of)ncn gransofcn. bic 3)cutfd^ fprcd^cn* (Snglanb tDol^ncti Snglcinbcr. Slufgabe.g: last four sentences into the singular! 3n Scutfd^Ianb tt)o^nt bcr ©cutfd^c. Change the E. bic grangofifd^ fprcd^cn* Slmcrifa ti3o{)ncn Slmcrifancr. offnen* NOTE What SBa^ aSa^ 9Ba^ aSa^ 9Bic are the endings in the preterit? ltt)xt Icf)rt Ie]f)rt ®te bcr ®ie bcr ©ie ber ©ie bcr ©d^iilcr englifd^e Sef)rer? franjofifd^e ?ef)rer? gried^tfd^e ?ef)rcr? Ict)rt t)iclc latcinifd^c !2cf)rcr? unb ©d^iilcrinncn finb in S^rcr cngltfd^cn SIa[fc? ufm. bu mad^teft bie gtueitc Slufgabc uftD* Conjugate similarly in full sentences: leJ^rctX. bic — fprcd^cn. 3^ Icrntc t)or einem 3a()xc nod^ fcin ©cutfc^ bet [^ ^attc mein Sud^ id^ tnac^te bic erftc mir. ftellcn.

nid^t hirj unb fd^maL cS^oIf ©(^ul= jimmer fienug fiinf Itegen an unferem ®ange. ©ang. 2Bir finb glDei l^at 3:reppen alfo int jmeiten ©todf. 3^d& geigte hen ®ang. ©tod. . ®ang Unfer @ang ift lang nnb breit. 3:ief unten ift ber teller ntit ^of)Ien. @^ f)at eine braune garbe» Sefd^reiben ©ie S^r ©d^ulf)au^! l^at 2Bie Diele ©d^ulaintmer SBie t)iele e^? ©todfn)erfe? SBelc^e garbe? 3eigen ©ie mir ben ®ang! ©dottier: Id^ aeige ^i^tien (bir) ben ©ang. Sine Sreppe Don einem ©efd^ofe in ba^ anbere. !Da^ S)ad^ ift ber oberfte Seil be^ $>aufe^. fteigen. Setter: ataffe: bu jeigteft mir ben ®ang. §oc^ oben ift ber 93oben.62 beginners' GERMAN Pierunb3tt)an3tgfte 2lufgabe Unfcr Sc^ut^au^ Unfer ^laffenjimmer ]()an^ l^at t)iele liegt in bem ©d^ulfiau^^ tt)ix Unfcr ®(|nl^ ©d^uljtmmer. ^ols unb anberen ©ad^en. fo SBenn tDir eine 2:reppe f)od^ fommen tvix in ba^ grbgefd^ofe. n)ir jeigten eud^ bie ©cinge. ilber bem ftd^ ba^ S)ad^ befinbet. er geigte if)m ben fie seigte il^r ben ®ang. 2lud^ iiber biefe unb unter un^ tDtr liegen nod^ t)tele Ol^ne l^atten ntd^t ^ta^ filr unfere ©d^ulfinber* Unfer ©d^ull^au^ ^at tDir burc^ bie ©todiDerfe ober ©efd^offe* SBenn ^au^tiir in ba^ ©d^ulf)an^ treten. fomnten iDtr SSenn auf ben au^ nnferem ©d^n(= ober ginr* dimmer gef)en. fo fommen n)ir in ben erften f)od^. ©d^ulftnben. 3ebe6 ©todflDerf fiil^rt mef)rere ^laffenjimnxer.

unb fc^rtft^ in ben plural bc6 3'tnperfe!tg (preterit) l^at 3ebe^ ©todfmcrf Sine SJreppe anberen* mel^rere ^laffengimmcr* — fiil^rt bon eincnt ©efd^ofe nad^ bcm 2Ba^ milffen ©ic tun. bent um auf. id) gel^e id^ offne bie Xuv. tDenbe mid^ nad^ red^t6.©d^uler h)irb S)ircltor: gum ©ircftor emannt: herein! (B^nUn ©ircltot: Sc^iiler: ®uten Sag. td^ fd^Iiege fie.— beginners' GERMAN xtjx : 63 gcigtct un6 bic ®&nQt. tnilnblt(3^ SBemanbeln ©tc Ii(^. bie 2ilr. 3d& bitte um 3d& bringe ^l^nen 2)trcItDr: biefen Srief t)on ift ^erm 3£* 3n Sr tt)el(^er Piaffe ^err X. ftc gcigtcn tfincn bic ©ftnflc* bicfc ®(i^e. Sef)rcrt3ult. id^ bleibe t)or id^ htm ©ireftorjimmer ftel^en. an ba6 an nef)me ben 53rief. id^ gel^e bie id^ Sreppe f)inunter. id^ gel^e burd^ ben ®ang be6 oBeren glurS. jefet? S^iiler: 2)ircltot: ift in feinem 3ii^^^^* ©riifeen ©ie il^n Don mir! . biefcn S3rief fiir mici^ ^erm ©ircftor ftel^c (Principal) ju iibcr=^ bringcn? id^ t)erlaffe td^ gel^e td& ^d^ meinen ^la^. Hopfe an* @in. §err a3Ba6 n)oIIen J)ireftor! ©ie? 33ergeil^ung.

ba^ SBort Qclemt. ttjir {)aben bie SBorter gelemt ufm» td^ l^atte ba^ SBort gelemt. urn? Form E. ha^ SBort gelemt. . 3d^ {)olte mein 33ud^ fiir i^n. NOTE Which case do the following prepositions always take: gegen. SBenn l^olt er vi) tf)n fd^ide (fcnbe). f)aben tDir jpfien SBo getemt? fd^riftlid^: Sottiugtercn ©ic munblic^ unb id^ f)abe ba^ SBort Qclemt.64 ©d^iiter: beginners' GERMAN 3?^ banfe fefir. bu er {)atteft (fie. um mir mein 33u(^ ju bringen. bann tnein 93u(^. e^) ):jai bu er t)aft (fie. sentences for each preposition to illustrate its use.g. e^) f)atte ba^ SBort gelemt ufto. ba^ 9Bort gelemt. Slbicu. ^err ©ircftor! Describe similarly the pupil's return to class with final dialogue between the teacher and the pupil. h)ir f)oIten unfere 33uci)er fiir fie.

anbere ©d^ulen* ift tdofjl Unfere ©d^ule fie ift Reiner al^ ntand^e ©d^ulen. bie aber nid^t Heinfte ©d^ule in ber ©tabt NOTE How lish? are the comparative in and superlative formed in Eng- And how German? Illustrate the comparison by using in sentences: . ber anbere fiir ^naben* Sinige 33aume unb ^flanjen. bie SBIumen tragen. gieren ben ^of* 58efd^reiben ©ie S^ftc ©d^ule! SBo liegt 3f)re ift ©(^ule? Sitter ^firer 2Sa^ ber 5«ame unb ba^ bie ©d^iiler= ©d^ule? 2Sie ftarf aSie lang ift ift unb bie 8e]^rerjaf)l? ^lire ©d^ule? fid^ SBa^ befinbet urn 3^f)re ©d^ule? 2Bo l^aben toiv JBaum gelemt? ift Unfere ©d&ule tote t)iele nid^t flein^ ©ie ift nid^t fo gtof. nannt* @te ift nad^ bem SSater unfere^ ?anbe^ he^ ftc ©te ftef)t ift im ^at}xt f)at 1895 erbaut. fo bafe alfo fd^on ^a^re ©ie jefet 29 «Ia[[en unb sa^It ettca 1050 ©d^iiler nnb ©d^iilerinnen* Sin U)v untcrrtd^ten aufeer bcni ©ircftor nod^ 18 Sel^rer unb gegen 100 gufe lang* 9tafenpla^* 24 8ef)rerinnen^ ift S)ie ©d^ule ift SSor ber ©d^ule cin fd^oner grilner glDei Winter ber ©d^ule befinben fid^ ©d^ull^ofe ober ©pielplci^e* bie ®er eine ift filr bie 9K(ibd^en.beginners' GERMAN 65 5unfunb3tt)an3igfte 2tufgabe Uttferc S^ulc l^eifet Unfere ©d^ule Itcgt an ber ^auptftrafee unb Washing16 ton High School.

ifet. abcr grower aU id^» Give further examples. b.g. alfo hunger f)at. au^ einem ®Iafe. 3)ic Jafic J)ic im 9Wai finb oft toarm* Jagc im 3uni finb n^firmcr. ®ic lage im 3uli finb bic hjSrmften. man mit bem 9Wcffer unb i^t e^ mit man au^ einer 3:affe. and where is ali^ used? @r (Sr i)l ift fo groff hitc id^. ift. ^. 3ene Is there Same mar am difference any between the adjective and the ad- verb in the positive and comparative degrees? What is When is E. the difference in the superlative? mic used. (S^ bilrftet i^n. mir trinfen ein ®ta^ SBaffer ober . f). man ®a^ SBaffer unb bte 2)?il($ trinfen mir 9WiId^. b. @^ f)ungert i^n» alfo ©urft ^at.66 tDantt beginners' GERMAN reid^ Won liafelid^ Mt fleifeig arm lang furs aufmcrffam faul unaufmertfam 3. 5ed?sunb3tt)an3tgfte 2lufgabe SBer l^ungrig 233er burftig ift.S. trinft. £)ber: 35ic Same mar fo teic^ gefkibct tt)ie t)ielc ®amen» 3cnc S)ame mar rcic^er al^ biefe gefleibet^ rcic^ftcn gefleibet. 2Bir cffen bie ©uppe mit eitiem SoffeL ©a^ bcr gleifc^ jerfc^neibet ©abeL ©en ^affee trinft trinft eine Saffe ^affee.

becomes what? becomes what? Jaffe. 9Bir effen bie ©uppe mit einem bamit* 85ffel.beginners' GERMAN !Da6 2:i[d^ Zi\(i). 67 unb bccft !5)tcnftTn(ibd&en fommt au^ !Dann bcr ^ild^c ftelft ben mit einem Jifd^tud^* c^ bie 2:el{er auf bm ^a^ bem @[fen bleibt man bci gcnxiltlid^er Untcrfial^ tung nod^ ettDa^ ft^en^ Ser ©eutfd^e fagt: ^^nngcr SBarum fagt er ba^? SBomit SBorauf e[[en tr)ir? ift ber bcftc ^od^»" 9Borau^ trtnfen mir? ftellt ba^ mnWn bie Jelter? bem ©tellen ®ie gragen iiber bie ©egenftcinbe auf mm ift ©d^reiben ©ie baruber! 28a6 fer ber Unterfd^ieb gtt)ifd^en einem ®Ia^ SBaf:= nnb einem SBaffergla^? ift ift (gin ®Ia^ SBaffer ein ein aSaffergla^ ein ®M &M \)oU SBaffer. Soniugte* ten ©ie: Id^ effe gleifd^ i)^ i^t gleifc^ gem ufrt). . ^an trinft ben Saffee ii)n au6 einer 5D?effer. Substitute pronouns for nouns in the following sentences. becomes: SBir effen fie SOtan gerfd^neibet ba^ gleifd^ Wflan ifet mit bem ba^ gleifd^ mit ber ®abel. becomes: 2)?an trinft barau^. aber filr SBaffer (jum SBaffertrinfen)^ 2Ba^ ift ber Unterfd^ieb jlDifd^en: ®Ia^ mil6^ nnb ^milc^gla^? Jaffe taffee unb ^affeetaffe? goffel ©uppe unb ©uppenloffel? gem. E.g.

eth)a^. Semen ®ie ^^. l^od^fieilige ^aar» ^olber ^nabe im lodfigen ^aar. ift. Har.68 2Ba« toirb au^: beginners' GERMAN 2Bir trinten ba6 SBaffer au6 cincm ©lafc? SBir trinfen bie 2)?i(d& au6 eitiem ®(afe? ben 2:if(^ S)a^ ©ienftmab(i^en S)a^ S)tenftinab(i^cn becft mit eincrtt Xn6)? ftetlt bie 2^elter auf ben Xi\i). babon 9Wan fie^t e^ oft aU SSoIf^Iieb an: ©tine ^ac^t. toa^ (gefod^t). Silted fd^Iaft. n)a^ gar tft au^menbig: ^^nf. ©d^Iaf in f)immlifd^er dlui). m^ ttav ©prid^. nid^t^. tt)af)x? SBa^ finb bie ©egenteile cSur 2Beif)na(^t^jeit unb befonber^ am 2Bei{)nac^t^^ abenb fingen bie ©eutfd^en ein fd^one^ ?ieb* bie erfte ®trop{)e ^d^ mxht Qi)mn nur geben. ©d^Iaf in f)immlifd^er dtui)l . tt)ai)v ift! — Don gar. ^eilige ?Ja($t! einfam tt)aii)t 9lur ba^ traute. barauf* becomes: @^ ober fie ftettt fie NOTE Are the indefinite pronouns man. ein paar in- declinable? Of what gender are infinitives used as nouns? What is the agreement of personal pronouns person with nouns to which they refer? in the third When h)0+)? are the so-called adverbial compounds used (ba +/ Do Do they refer to things or to persons? these compound expressions exist in English? Illustrate.

is and plural? Decline the above in This adjective declension called the strong declension. unb id^ lief mit* ®er Stegen fam in ©tromen. l^ef)rer benn nnfer f)atte gefagt: „5D?a(^t. Why? 5iebenunb3tDan3tgfte ^lufgabe 3c^ iDcrbe 3f)nen eine ©efd^ic^te erjaf)Ien mit bem Xittl: jpta^rcgctt ^n S)er ber ©d^ulftube toav e^ in ber le^tett faf) ©tunbe fef)r bunfeL ^immel burc^ bie genfter tx)ie eine fd^tnarggrane SBanb.beginners' GERMAN 69 SBtr iDoHen ba^ Sieb au^tDenbig Icmen unb aud) ftngen! tiberfe^en ©ie ba6 8ieb! NOTE bcr ^nabe t)oIber bie ftiltc ^Jad^t 5>ta(^t ba^ §aar lodtQej^ Snabe §aar bic {)imTnlifc^c 9tul)e $Kut)e How What is an adjective declined when it takes the place of the definite article? are the various endings for the singular full. fo liefen tDvc anf bie ©trafee. alte grofe nnb bidf nnb Warm iiber meinen ^opf. . meine §lmte. bafe tf)r nad^ ^anfe fommt!" t(^ Stber ba mitten tm ?anfen nnr iiber ben Tlaxtt befam jn)ei btcJe 9Jegentropfen gerabe auf bie 9^afe! 2lber ha^ tDaren 3d^ mnfete lant lac^en. ^anm tDaren tdiv au^ ber ©d^ule. bie erften S^ropfen getDefen. ^lo^Iic^ fiel eine 99?enge. meine ^leiber* Stite Seute began^ nen jn laufen.

©d^reiben ©ie nun bie Srjal^Iung an bie 2:afel! SSerbeffem ©ie ba^ Slngefd^riebene! 3fe^t toerbe id^ (Slu^loifd^en!) S'l^nen bie ganje ©efd^id^te biftieren! NOTE Do you Change the tenses throughout the story into the see any difference between the preterits? present. ^taqtn !J)unfeIte l^ell? e^ in bent ©d^uljinimer.? 70 unb lid^ id^ fal^ beginners' GERMAN fcincn ^lalj. . l^ellcr. unb lefen ©ie bie ©efd^id^te! Piaffe: SBir madden unfere SBild^er auf unb lefen bie ®e== fd^id^te. ober fie rannten auf bie ©trafee? lief en fie? SBa^ fiir 3tegentropfen befant ber ©c^iiler anf bie 5«afe? Sffiar ber $Regen fd^trad^ ober ftarf ? SBie ftarf S33o iDurbe ber ©driller benn na^? SBa^ fam aber auf einntal au^ htn SBoIfen? Unb ma^ gefd^al^ bann? SBar bie ©trafee nafe ober trodfen? SBieberl^oIen ©ie bie ©efd^id^te miinblid^! 9Kad^en ©ie {e^t ^^vt Sild^er auf. ober n)ar e^ SBie \df) ber ^intmel bie au^? ©ingen SBarunx ^inber langfanx au^ ber ©d^ule. fd^aute liber bie naffe ®trafee unb — lad^te bie naffen ?eute au^» i«ac§3lfc grapan. tt)o id) mid^ unterftelfen fonnte^ ^16^- fatn ein gelber ©onncnftraf)! jtDifd^en ben [c^tDarjen SBoIfen l^ert)or.

fie ttjar in if)rer ©c^ulc. f mart in euren ©c^ulen.1 BEGINNERS' GERMAN c6 7 wax fiattc cr fal^ ic^ licf i^ tarn and c^ er lemtc i^ gcifltc x^ lad^te? Do the latter have And the former? ^i) fa^ id^ a tense-ending? is said to be a ^/r(?wg verb. toavcn in if)ren cr njar in feincr ©d^ulc. ©ic njaren in 3I)ren ©c^nlen. ba^ tDarcn bic erften Jropfcn prefix. njaren in unfcrcn ©c^ulen. bu marft in bciner ©d^nle. strong or weak verbs? Is there any similarity between English and German as to the conjugation of verbs? We id) conjugate: h^ir ii)x tvat in mcincr ©c^ule.g. any difference in the past between weak and the strong verbs? and gctDcfcn. lerntc is said to be a weak verb. called Does the past participle with both augment? classes of verbs have a What is it? Is it accented? Is it a part of speech? . Why? Are the so-called regular verbs weak? ix And into the so-called irregular verbs strong? Are the verbs that modify the stem-vowel a into i(tc) and c in the second and third singular present. ftc ©d^ulcn* I i e^ mar Conjugate all the other strong verbs of the story in the participle preterit. orally Do you the E. in feiner ©d^nlc. see and in writing. S)er ?cf)rcr fiatte gcfagt.

(gin J?na&e ha% 9?o6lein. 9Jo^Iein. benn ber ?ef)rer l^atte e^ gefagt. benn cause any change of word-order in a sentence? Give illustrations. $Ro^Iein rot. SJo^kin auf ber ^eiben* . SBir the other conjunctions affect the order of words? liefen auf bte ©trafee. 8ief er fd^nell. after. ©al^'^ ntit t)telen greuben^ ^o^Iein. coordinating conjunctions: unb. obcr. orally and in writing. Sto^- unb fo lief er fd^nell. ©a^ SJo^Iein tuar jung fal^ unb fo fd^on tuie ber frifd^e $D^orgen. Do How? E. but auf bie ©trage. S)te erfte ©tropl^e lautet folgenbermafeen: ! ©al^ ein ^nab^ ein SJo^Iein 9to^Iein auf ber ^eiben. bie ber ©id^ter ®oetf)e in etnem giebe beftngt: Sine Heine 9Jofe. (£r tt)ar tuilb. benn er tuollte "ta^ lein bred^en* 3)ie Eletne 9?ofe aber tuefirte ftd^ unb ftad^ il^n. SBar fo jung unb morgenfd^on.g. e6 nal^^ gu fel^n. 3)od^ ber tDilbe ^nabe brad^ ha^ 9io^Iein tro^bent* Slrnie^ 3)a6 ©ebid^t f)et6t ^etbcnroj^Ietn. ftanb auf ber §eibe. Do fDnbern. totxl ber ?et)rer e^ gefagt ^atte* toxx liefen 2ld?tunb5rt)an3tgfte 2lufgabe (Review) §eute tDerbe id^ ^l^nen eine einfa($e ©efd^ic^te erjal^Ien.72 beginners' GERMAN the pure. ftel^n. etn 9J6^Ietn.

dlMdn rot. 9to^Iein [tel^t ©agen @ie: ba^ 2Ba^ fonnen ©te SBar ha^ auf ber ^eiben? er Ucf fagen? ftatt er fall unb ©al^ ber ^nabe ba^ SJo^c^en gem? dtMdn fd^on ober l^afelid^? ©e^en ©te tige S3erfte]^en bie erfte ©tropfie biefe^ Siebe^ in rid^- ^rofa! ©ie nun bie erfte ©tropl^e ganj? S)ann h)otten n^ir fie fingen! 3)ie sniiette ©troptie ift. Q:toxq i)d^t: auf immer* bu Seibcn ift l^ier ba^felbe h3ie laffen* bafe 3fft bie^ "iProfa-SBortftellung: elDig benfft an mid^? ®enft ber ^nabe baran. brid^ft (fie.BEGINNERS GERMAN !Dic 73 ^etbe l^etfet auf englifd^ the heath. dtMein. tDiir^ nid^t leiben^ ato^Iein. e^) brid^t tDir bred^en bie JRo^Iein uftt)^ . ^nabe fprad^: id) bred^e bid^. lt)ie folgt: 2. Jto^lein auf ber §eiben. 9t6^Iein auf ber ^eiben! 9?o^Iein fprad^: id^ fted^e bid^. bu er ha^ JKo^Iein. mufe? ^onjugieren ©ie: id^ bafe ba^ 3io^Iein fterben bred^e ba^ 9to^Iein. ©a^ Unb bu id^ etDig benfft an mid^. ba^ JRo^Iein.

§alf i^m boii) Inn 2Bef| unb 2ld^. SSerftc^en ®ic bic jlDcitc ©tropl^c bc6 ®cbi(|tc^r ®ann Unb nun fommt 3^ fingen toir ben jtceiten 25er^ babon! bie britte unb le^te ©tropl^e: Unb ^^ ber tDiIbe ^nabe bvai) dtMdn auf ber ^eiben* dtMdn m^xtt ftd^ unb ftad^. ®oetf)e tDurbe unb im ^a^vt 1749 in granffurt am 9Wain geboren (gr lebte ift erft im Qai)xe 1832 geftorben* alfo t)on 1749 bi^ 1832 unb tDurbe beina^e 83 3^al^re alt» S'eber S)eutfd^e fennt ha^ „^eiben== . rot. ber grofete S)id^ter !Deutfd&Ianb^ unb f)at einer biefe^ ber beften S)id^ter ber ganjen SBelt. dtMdn. aSa^ tat ber tnabe mit bent dtMdn? Siefe ft(^ ba^ dtMdn fein ba^ ruf)ig gef alien? ^alf tf)m aber ^lagen ettDa^? SSerftel^en Xat bem ^naben ba6 Sto^Iein nid^t leib? ®ie jefet bie le^te ©tropfie? !Dann tDoHen n)ir fie aud^ fingen! aWorgen ntliffen ©ie bie erfte ©tropl^e nxiiffen au^menbig h)iffen. SKufet^ e^ eben leiben^ dlMdn. dtMdn 8?6^lem auf ber ^dhtn.74 @6cnfo: beginners' GERMAN id^ ftcd^c ben ^naitn. ?ieb „^eibenro^Iein'' gebid^tet. unb iibemiorgen ©ie ba^ ganje an bie ?ieb au6n)enbig h)iffen fd^reiben fonnen! unb e^ aud^ Jafel ©oetl^e.

©a hm ©ctrtner. ba^ burd^ feinen ^arf.beginners' GERMAN ro^Iciti. mein ^err. 75 @^ ift cinfad^ unb fcfir Ici($t ju S)cr grofec beutfc^c 3)id^tcr ©driller ift setin Satire [pater al^ ©oetl^e geboren. §errn nid^t er^ h)artet l^atte.©d^urfe! cS^rnig ging er auf if)n lo^ unb rief: S)u liegft f)ier. bu berbienft nid^t.." \)tx\ttt)tn. unter einem 93aume . feinen 28alb. anftatt gu ar5)er beiten. 9^apoIeon fpciter I. tDdl^renb ber grofee granjofe. neununb3ipan3tgfte 2lufgabe $eute tDerbe id^ ^i^tien eine turje Slnefbote t)ortragen: ©bcltnann unb ©artner (gin Sbelntann befud^te ^(il^renb grower ©ommerf)i^e feinen (gr ging ©arten* S3Iunten flofe* barin fpajieren unb befal^ bie t)ielen bliil^enben unb ha^ fanb er 9Baffer. bafe bid^ bie ©onne befd^eint!" ©artner anttDortete ru^ig: l^abe id^ „^(i) tDeife ba6. stDanjig 3a{)re aU ®oetf)e jur SBelt fam» SBann SJBer i[t ftnb baf)er ©driller unb 9tapoIeon brei beriil^mten I* ge^ boren? ber ciltefie bon ben 9Wan^ nern? SBer ift ber iiingfte? {linger ober alter 2Bar ©d^itter aU ©oetl^e? SBar 9^apoIeon L ebenfo alt tDie ©driller? NOTE Make a list of all the strong verbs in this lesson. (ber (grfte). n)eld^er feinen fd^Iafen. be^l^alb mid^ in htn ©d^atten gelegt*" .

iieifet (irgerlid^ unb ift ein ©egentetl bon SBo 2Bo fiaben l^aben bie lt)ir JRui^ gelernt? Unb 2Bo tDo ru^tg? mir f^tafcn gef)abt? njctft? SBo ©ottue unb i^ i^ragen SB lumen? 2Ber befud^tc einmal feinen ®arten.76 beginners' GERMAN SScrftcl^en ®te bte[e Slnefbote? SBeld^e SBorter finb Q^ntn unbefannt? unb @bcKcutc» S)cutfd^Ianb f)at l^ol^er iBiirger ©ic 3^^ Seute don ®eburt f)ei6en (Sbelleute* Slmerifa gibt e^ feine Sbelleute* 3*>nitg ruliig. 1^. trer ging einmal in feinen ©arten? 3Ba^ tat ber gbelmann? ©arten? SSann ging er in feinen SBol^in ging er iDcifirenb grower ©ommerl^ifee? 2Bie tdav ber ©arten? SBa^ befal^ fid^ ber ©belmann? SBen fanb er? 2Bo tDar ber ©cirtner? er auf einer SBiefe derliefe ber SBar (meadow)? \ SBarum gbelmann ha^ §au^? i SBarurrt ber ©cirtner? 9Ber tdav ber §err? SBeffen ©iener n^ar ber ©cirtner? j 2Bem gef)orte ber ^arf unb \ioav atle^ barin? 1 2Ba6 fur ein ©arten e^? feinen j SBie fprad^ ber Sbelmann ©artner an? t SBol^er toiffen ©ie. b. bafe ber §err gornig n)ar? | SBeffen SlnttDort toav ruf)ig? SBieberl^oIen ©ie munblid^ bie ganje ©efd^id^te! .

G. beren ©cirtner gingen fpajieren. ia^? Observe: f m. beren ©artner fd^Itef. gtng fpagieren. bie. iDurben gomig. NOTE Declension of the interrogative pronoun. The pronoun is never omitte4 in German. 4. beffen ©cirtner fd^Iiefen. benen bie relative ©artner folgten. (SbeEeute. Change the tenses given into the pluperfect. thereby changing the order of words. ®TX graulein. 5. 7. singulars into plurals. the following changes. Sing. . Change the tenses given into the present. Sin Sbelmann. both orally and in writing: Change the Substitute given. Sbelleute.beginners' GERMAN Sefen 77 ©ie je^t bte Slnefbote! ©d^reiben ©ie ba6 ©tiid an bie Xa^dl SWorgcn tDerben tDir ein ©iftat bariiber l^abcn^ Make 1. ging fpa^ieren. I n. fd^Iief. other prepositions for those 3. /. pj . G. Change the tenses given into the perfect. I Sine (Sbelfrau. Use subordinating conjunctions. 2. beffen ©cirtncr fd^Iief. Change the tenses given into the future. 6. D. Nominative Genitii^e tticr tott)^ toeffctt hJCttl Dative Accusative — — tnett toa^ How do you decline the relative pronoun ber. gtng fpasiercn.

The weak 3. bte. er fanb ben er Iduft in ben ©arten. er finbet ben ©drtner. er f)at htn ©artner gefunben. and as relative (demonstrative) pronoun? What If are the two ways is of introducing subordinate clauses? Illustrate. 2. we have to distinguish seven classes of verbs. (regular) verbs are thus given: lemen. E. the conjunction case omitted. does the dependent order remain the same? What is used with the preposition toatitcnh? WORD FORMATION 5D?an 9c{)t cincn @ang. Past i. . How are these nouns formed? Of what gender are they? Dret^tgfte 2lufgabe In giving the principal parts (bie we must know Participle. ©runbformen) of verbs.g. ®arten laufen. 3. and) perfect. er lief in ben ®arten.78 beginners' GERMAN is What the difference in declension between bet. ia^ as definite article Illustrate. gelemt. 2. preterit. 9D?an trinft eittcn Tlan fprid^t einen — — . (future. Preterit. lemte. $01an ftngt einen @^ flingt tin — — 9D?an tDtrft cincn SBurf. the: i. Give the principal parts of all verbs in sentences in the third singular present. grouped according to their root-vowel change (called Ablaut). In giving the principal parts of strong verbs. er tDtrb in ben er ift ®artner. er iDirb ben ©artner finben. Present Infinitive. in ben ©arten gelaufen.

ftcrbcn. brcd^cn. (Dcr)fd^Iingcn. ried^en. — — — 3. — — — m. — — vo^. fd^mciQcn. gefd^nittcn^ 2. begann. — — fang. biciben. fc^nttt.beginners' GERMAN 79 We shall classify the strong verbs into one of the following seven classes: CLASS INFINITIVE 1 ci PRETERIT i(ie) PAST PARTICIPLE i(ie) 2 3 tc i a u(o) e 4 5 c e a a 6 7 a a (and other vowels^ ) u ie (i) a a (and other vowels) : Examples taken from the preceding lessons 1. bcifeen. — — — — — — — — . flicfeen. — gerod^en. fd^cincn. aebiffcn. fitcifen. ftcd^cn. trinfcn. fingcn. — — — gcfunQcn. friercn. gcfprod^n. — — — — — (gcr)fc^neibcn. fprad^. fd^rcibcn. fprcd^CTi. — — — bcQinncn^ 4. gcfd^ricben. l^clfen. bcgonncn. fd^rtcb. fd^Iicgen. pfcifcn. finbcn. .

ge{)eifeen. M. it occurred for the time. — — getragen. beginners' GERMAN nai)m. genontmen. gefangen. as far as possible. laufen.e. rufen. gelegen. lief. gegeffen^ (And) liegen. gegangen. getDorben. treten. effen. (fort)gefaf)ren. 7. trug.— 8o neI)Tnen. rtef. tDad^fen. fifeen. f)ie6. (marb) tDurbe. 6. f ommen. tragcn. fatten. gerufen. (And) 5. first State with each verb where i. gelaufen. tDafc^en. — — — — a6. — — (fort)fa^ren. gebcn. gefommen. lefcn. I^altcn. to9. (a) Form Form Form sentences of your own with the preterit for the verbs fd)rcibcn to fd^nciben* (b) sentences with the perfect for the verbs 6Ict6cn to bcgtnttcn* (c) sentences in the singular present for the verbs of classes 4-7. — — " — — fangen. fuf)r (fort). W% — ftng. fam. tDerben. fieifeen. gelefen. Give the synopsis of a verb in complete sentences. fiing. give the sentence. . gefeffen. gef)alten. 9ct)en. f^tafen. fafe. (t)er)Iaffen.

h)te e^ ^d^t" Wflavti)a letd^ter „©a^ — ©ebulb." foftbare ^rciutletn. bic fol- Xitd l^at: ^a^ foftfiarc Stauttcin ber (Btaht. ftcrficn* €tnunbbrei^tgfte 2lufgabe §eute totvhm flcnbcn toiv eine neue ©efd^id^te burd^nel^men. and not the scarcely ever used in common speech.®u mein ^orb fo f(^tt)er iDte ber beinige. Use as the future perfect. 8l Preterit Perf.g.. scheme. unb bu bift nid^t ftcirfer al^ id). ba^ aCe gaften 2)?erfe btr. gingen nad) nnb iebe trug einen fc^tDcren itorb boll Obft anf 2lnna murrte unb feufjte beftcinbig." fein.SBie magft bu nur lad^en? Sein . as Apply this form the perfect conditional. or any variation of it. Slnna. Slnna. unb benfe baran: „?eid^ter tragi. omitting f^cittett." i[t W:axti)a \pxad): . aber id^ l^abe etn geiDiffe^ balder fill^Ie id^ fie ^rautlein gur SSixrbe gelegt.beginners' GERMAN E. „ba^ mufe ein foft- faum.$?orb ia fo fd^mer tnie ber meinige. — — bu Future — Perfect — Pluperfect — Cond. toa^ er aud^ trcigt. l^etfet ®ag mir bod^. orally or in last it is writing. er tnirb feine Slufgabe fc^reiben* I)aben un[ere SlufQaben gefc^rieben^ . flicfecn. to all the verbs. fd^erjte. „^i" rief bare^ ^rciutlein antn)ortete: ntad^t. i^r ()attet eure Slufgaben gefc^rieben* fie tDiirben if)re Slufgaben gefd^rieben l^aben. 3lnna unb 9Kartl^a. fiaft rec^t.. SBer ©ebulb sur iBiirbe legt'' . — Present tt)ir id) fd^retbe meine Stufgabe* f(^rteb[t beine Slufgabe. betn ^opfe> lac^te Stod Sjyjcigbe. tft Waxti)a aber unb §lnna fagte: .

58irnen. ^flaumcn ufm* J^^^tc meiftcn^ immcr* obcr fauer? SBo tiabcn n)ir fjriic^te guerft gebabt? rcifc fiife @inb JBeftanbig f)eifet 2Bic iiberfe^en ©ie tiur.82 beginners' GERMAN SScrftcficn ®ic bicfc Slncfbotc? ftatt ^totx StRagbe tjoll SBa^ fonncn ®ie fagcn? 2Ba^ fur ein torb ift citi Rovb SBa^ ift abcr cin Obftforb? Obft ift Obft? ba^felbc tok grilci^te. ober leid^t? ober tt)av SBie tdav ber ^orb. griid^tc finb Spfcl. boci^? fjragen 2Bie l^cifet bie neuc ©cfd^id^tc? . fc^tt)er SBaren bie ^orbe gleid^ fd^lrer. . unb tda^ Slnna fagte fie? SWartfia. ja. S)ic neuc ©efc^id^tc l^ei^t 2Ba^ ift ber Xitel bcr neuen ©efd^id^te? S[Bot)on f)oren n)ir in ber neuen ©efd^ic^te? SBeld^e neue ©efd^id^te lefen tDir jefet? SBol^in finb bie TlaQht gegangen? ©ie finb in — ©tabt gegangen. fiif)Ite unb toa^ bie fagte fie? Smpfanb Slirbe? SBie l^eifet ober ©d^n)ere ber ba^ foftbare ^rautlein? Semen ®ie ben ©prud^ au^toenbig! 2Bieberf)oIen ©ie nun bie ganje ©efd^id^te! ©d^reiben ©ie biefelbe an bie Safel! .^ = ber §lnnaO 2lnna. ein ^orb fc^tDerer? SBar §lnna^ ^orb SBie benal^m 9Bie benal^m fid^ fid^ fd^iDerer? (Slnna.

2. Where are adverbs of time placed? Before other adverbial modifiers? How are proper nouns declined? What can you bet bctntge? say instead of bcr mctnigc and Of what is 5ur a contraction? Give similar cases of contraction. the pluperfect. the Rewrite whole story by substituting synonyms for as many words and expressions as possible. the present tense. NOTE Declension Singular Plural bic Nominative bic ncuc ©efd^id^tc ncucn ©cfd^td^tcn Accusative Genitive ber ncuctt ©efd^id^te bcr ncuctt ©cfd^id^tcn Dative ber ncuen ©cfd^id^tc ben ncucn ©efd^id^tcn .: beginners' GERMAN Give a synopsis id^ gel^e f)eutc 83 of: in bic ©tabt ©el^en is really an irregular strong verb. What are the principal parts of difference l^ciftcn? Note the between into ^ctften and the other verbs with root-vowel -ei-* Change all preterits 1. as are 8crt)efen fcin ftctfen tt)ar ftanb tat gcftanben getatt iwx Give the principal parts of these four verbs in sentences.

melc^e fd^mcrc 8aft (33iirbc). iS^inb — S)er 5tu^ ^eim fd^Icift im ©etreibeforn tok ba6 fleine bem fleinen ^orn ertndc^ft aber ein §alm. iebe fc^toere ?aft. (Sin SBei^en^ ®er 33auer bebaut ha^ gelb unb fat bie fletnen ©etreibeforner ein febr fleine^ f)inetn. 2lu^ . trodene unb in bem Wt\)l ift liegt ein gang ber nid^t grower aU ein ©tedfnabelfopf.Sluc^en. nod& fleiner al^ ber 5RageI ant fleinen ginger eine^ fleinen ^inbe^» ©d^ate. SBir I)aben geftern bic faulen 9}Jagbe in ber ©tabt ^tt)etunbbrei§igfte 2lufgabe 3um S3rot. griiMtud befommt ba^ gefttag aud^ Xdoiji beutfd^e ^inb ©emmel unb ^uc^en. ®tabt. jenc fleine ®tabt. unten mtt etner Sl^re. Change N. am ein ©tilrf . Sie 9^amen ber faulen SKcigbe ftnb 2lnna unb 9)Jartf)a. innen fleiner ^etnt. gr gibt ben faulen SJJagben fein @elb» gefef)en* ^. ift t^etfee^ 9D?ef)I.84 beginners' GERMAN Decline in the same bic faule 5)Wa9b. D. unb 9?oggenfornc^en etne ift ®ing. mit SSurjeIn unb S3Iattern. fo l^od^ trie ein 50Jann. ®em^ met unb Srot er t)om 33auer» bacft ber iBader au^ 2)?e^I. G. and in writing. ®a^ a«e^t maf)It btefe fauft ber SKiiller au^ 2Beijen= unb au^ S^oggenfornd^en. the plurals into singulars: Sie faulen SWagbc fttib gu §aufe. 3n ber Sfire btlben ftd^ toieber Diele neue ©etreibeforner. oben tm iBett. orally it and the so-called strong declension of adjectives? Illustrate. (S^ ]^at bilnne. biefe grofee way in sentences: bie flelfeige 9J?agb. Why What should this attributive declension be called weak? is the difference between in the following.

i8. Did Tnef)r al6 ein t)o{I ^inb ginger ^at au^. bie ®an^ fd^n)immt auf bem ifet SBaffer* 2Ba6 ha^ beutfd^e ^inb iDirb gum grilMtild? SBorau^ iffio^er ba^ tctglid^e 33rot gemac^t? fommt ba^ 9We^I? ©ie ha^ gange ©tild nod^ einmal! an bie SBanbtafel! grjci^Ien gefen ©ie e^ nun! ©d^rei6en ©ie e^ jie^t Semen ®te aui^ttienbig: S)er ganbmann pflangt mit mW ^nb iSrot.beginners' GERMAN bem bielc 85 einen ^ornd^en. ift ba^ 2)?ittage[fen? ba^ 3lbenbe[fen? ift Semmel ein 53rotd^en» 2Ba^ ein S&vbU c^en? 2)ie SBurjetn eine^ iBaume^ finb in ber @rbe. SSagner. freffen Heinen Corner emal^ren auc^ grofee Seute. felbft ^aifer unb ^onige* ^a^ $. ftnb ifirer getDorben. ha^ bet Sauer in bie (grbe Icgt. Sinen ©acf fat ber S3auer im griil^iafir bringt er im ^erbfte toieber nad^ ^aufe. nimmt ^au^ bddft im Ofen ®ie abutter ^inber ftreid^t bie effen atte^ auf* . bie SSogel. 2)ie SJijgel fliegen in ber 8uft. S)ic Siere. ba^ 9Wel^I in^ iBrot barau^* S3utter brauf. bie ^ul^ ©etreibefomer gem* S)ie unb ba^ ^ferb. SBeld^e SBorter tierftelien ©ie nid^t? ^a§ SBa^ 2)ic fjrittiftud ift ift ba^ erfte (gffen frilf) am 90^orgen. bie ®an^. 9tot 3)a^ ^om filr unfer tctglid^ 3um Unb ©er Unb S)ie adulter iDirb ba^ ^orn gebrad^t feine^ SJJel^I S3(idfer barau^ gemad^t. bie bie fleinen §enne. — t)iele ©tide dolt j.

9Ba6 tut ber iBauer? 9Bie nennt man feine grau? 9Ba^ tut ein 8ef)rer ober eine ?e]^rerin? SBa^ SBa^ ein ©d^reiber? ©id^ter? ©d^neiber? Jifd^Ier? ift S)er aWann. exOf what gender are these nouns? . biefe^ iDei^e 2)?ef)I. iene^ fd^marse ©ing. fleine S3Iatt. bic iJBerfftcitte cine^ 33fidfer^ eine iffia^ ift eine Xifd^Ierei? WORD FORMATION What pressing what? kind of nouns does the nominal suffix -er form. iebe^ alte Jier. U]&rmad^er== 2Bir nennen iBadferei.86 beginners' GERMAN NOTE Declension Singular Plural bie Nominative Accusative Genitive ba^ Heine tinb be^ fleinen ^inbe^ Meinen Sinber ber fleinen finber Dative bem fleinen ^inb htn fleinen ilinbem Decline similarly in sentences: ba^ Qtofee 'tid^ ^om. meld^e^ iunge ^ferb» SBa^ tut ber 2Ba6 tut ber mdtx? gWiiller? ©r ma^It U^ mt% Unb ber arjaler? 2)er SWaler malt ba^ Silb. fiir ein ^utmad^er^ ein 9Kann ift ein ©d^ufimad^er? ein Uf)r^ madder? ©in Ul^nnad^er mad^t Uf)ren in ber njerfftatte. ber ^ilte mad^t.

(Sr Xoox ber %U ^aifer fiiefe er griebric^ III.Unfern %xx%" Salter tat c^ 9Wan nannte if)n iiberall nur bcm SBoIfc fo leib. ha cr am 1797 gcborcn iDurbc. S)entfd^Ianb aud^ ben jtDeiten ^aifer in^ 3af)r 1888 l^at brei beutfd^e ^aifer auf @rab finfen. Of what origin are the last three? What neuter suffixes have we had? Give examples. 9Karj 9)?cirj 1888 ftarb. . How do you translate biefcr and jctict? Is there any difference in English between the use of latter and the former? the Dretunbbrei^tgfte 2lufgabe Sic bcutfi^c SaifcrfamiKc ^atfer 9BiIf)eIm I. -tdt. (ber grfte) tft fe^r alt gclDorbcn. Siebling be^ beutfd^en S3oHe^. ha'ii bem 15. 9. 2H^ cr am 22. S)er britte beutfd^e ^aifer SSil^clm II. . -if. -fd^aft. -i}dt. (ber S)ritte). -ic.. -^uni 1888. gnjeiten beutfd^en ^aifer cine fo furje SJegiemng befc^ieben Xoax. !Da^ bem beutfd^en ift Sfirone gefefien.Slaifer^ bcfticg bcr franfc ^ronprinj ben Sl^ron. -ung. [tarb er ©d^on nac^ 99 Jagen felben S'afire. -ion. ?iac^ bcm STobc bc^ crftcn §o]^enjoIIcrn=. -in. h)ar er fa[t 91 ^(i))xt alt. in faf) am — ^n bem^ bem alfo ber erfte beutfd^e ^atfer geftorben Xoox.beginners' GERMAN 87 -itt What can you (Plural -inncn)? say of the force of the noun-suffix Of what gender are these nouns? How about the suffix -ci? Of what gender? Make a list of the feminine nouns with the suffixes: -ci.

? aSeld^en ^aifer f)aben bie ©eutfd^en jefet? SBie alt ift er? f)at SBie biele ^inber ba^ je^ige ^aiferpaar 0)abtn bie ie^igen ^ol^engoltern) ? SBieberl^oIen ©ie. unb toic alt n)urbe er? 9Ber tarn nad) bent Sobe be^ erften beutfd^en ^ai= fer^ auf ben Xi)von? SBeffen Siebling inar griebrid^ III.? 9Bar benx jlneiten beutfd^en ^aifer ein lange^ 2thtn befd^ieben? ^n 28ie tneld^ent ^ai)vt fafien bie 3)eutf(^en aud^ btn gtneiten ^aifer in^ biele ®rab finfen? ^aifer iDaren alfo im ^ai)ve 1888 auf bent 2f)ron? 9Bie nannte ba^ SSoIf ben franfen ^^fiebrid^ III. (gitem l^aben fieben ^inber.^anuar 1859 J)ie S)ie beutfc^e ^aiferin f)ei6t Slngufte SSiftoria. (be^g 3uni 1888. ber ^ronprinj 5riebri(^ aSil^elm. . ©ritten) unb ber gnfel mmm^ L geboren.88 (gr ift ift beginners' GERMAN ber iefeige ^aifer unb regiert feit bent 15. . nantlid^ fec^^ ^rinjen unb S)er ditefte ^rtnj ift eine ^rinjefftn. l^ol^en tdfer SSilfielm II. Innrbe am 27. tna^ ©ie bon ben beutfd^en ^ai^ fern gel^ort fiaben! ©eben @ie Sefen ©ie bie Seamen ber erften ^aifer an! nun ba^ ?efeftiidf! t)ielnte]&r: ©d^reiben ©ie e^ je^t an bie Jafel ober id^ U)erbe e^ 3^f)nen langfam biftieren. @r U)urbe 1882 geboren. ??tagett SBie f)ie^ ber erfte beutfci^e ^aifer. gr ber ©of)n griebrtdf)^ III.

^aifer. bir! ©ie iDcrben biefe erfte ©tropl^e au^tDcnbig lemcn! iDoIIen iDir fie ^e^t fingen! ©ie fennen oj Thee bod^ bie Tldohk save the Don: iify Country H is nnb G(?rf King? Sllte brei 5yiationalf)t)mnen 1. ^errfd^er be^ SSaterlanb^! ^eit.beginners' GERMAN S)a^ befannte beutfd^e S^attonaltieb ift: 89 ^cil bir im ©icgerfrans! S)ic crftc ©trop^e badon ^eil bir lautet: im ©iegerfranj. always in sentences. ber geliebt toirb. Dat. ^aifer. as oral and as written work: . Gen. bir! giif)I in be^ J^rone^ ©lani ©ie l^ol^c iffionne ganj: Siebling be^ S?oIf^ ju fein! §eit. ben beutfd^en ^aifer Decline likewise. ber beutfc^e ^aifer be^ beutfd^en ^aifer^ ber beutfc^en ^aifer bem beutfd^en Saifer btn beutfd^en ^aifern bie beutfd^en ^aifer Ace. ein 8ef)rling? NOTE Declension Singular Plural bie beutfd^en ^atfer Nom.)Cihm biefelbe 9JJeIobie» ©ie t)erftef)en fiir filr bod^ alle^? 2Ba^ ein ^ranj 8anb ift i[t ber ©iegerfranj? 2Ba^ SBa^ ein ift ha^ SSaterlanb? Sin giebKng ift einer.

mttttnlid^. cally always when preceded by the what ending? is has practi- What case excepted with masculine nouns? of With feminine and neuter nouns. . article. What is the force of the adjective-suffix -lid^ in prinalid^. einige^ Scutfci^e^ dtdd). icncr mad^tigc 2^^ron. fcit S)cutf^c SRcid^ bem ^riegc mit granfrcid^. cases are excepted? course. alfo of)ne Slla^fa 14^ mal grower al^ ba^ J)eutf(^e dldi). fcl^r grofe.90 beginners' GERMAN bcr txante Sronpring. b» 1^. beftel^t n)iebcr ift cin miid^tigc^. what two WORD FORMATION SBritberHd^ fieifet tDic cin 93ruber ober gleid^ cinem S3rubcr. fd^mcfterlid^. The adjective. @r auc^ bcr unb S3cfc{)I^f)abcr bcr Slrmce unb glottc. gctocil^It. ©cutfd^Ianb ni(|t obmot)! grower aU (Snglanb obcr granfrcic^* ^e^ hod) bic SScrclnigten finb ©taaten Don 9iorbamerifa (SintDoI)ncr. S)cr l^cutigc ©cutfc^c ^aifer f)tntcr ftd^* f)at bic 9)?a(^t ift ctnc6 cinigen ©cutfd^cn 9tei(^e^ S)er ^aifer bcr SScrtrctcr ift bc^ 9?ci(^c^ int SScrfc{)r mit obcrftc ^ricg^ficrr bcm Slu^Ianb. n)ctblid^? Dterunbbret^tgjlc ^lufgabe ^a^ @cit 1871. \)at Slber ^tut^d)- lanb ungcfal^r 68 9KiIUonen bie SScreinigten fecn ift ©taatcn* f foDiel tnic J)er iebe^maligc ^onig t)on ^reu^ ©eutfc^en ^aifer ©cutfd^er ^aifcr. bcrjicnigc ©driller. bicfcr grofec Sicbling. bcrfelbc Scl^rer. ber tneiniQC [®of)n]. griifier trurben bie immer tt)'di)ltt nad) bcm Sobe ^ti}t ift ctne^ !Dcutfd^en ^aifer^ man cinen ncuen^ bic ^aifcmiirbc aber erb== lid^. elterlid^.

S3at)em. bie iiber 25 ^ai)vc alt [inb. in gelieimer SBaf)L S)er S3unbe^^ rat nnb ber 9ieic^^tag ntac^en ©efefee feft. t)tcr baDon finb ^ontgreid^e. Mm^en (bie ^auptftabt t)on S3at)ern). grantfurt Slad^t. ©re^ben (bie ^auptftabt (Ba^^ fen^). ^oln (Soln) am dl^dn. SB crn^Ioh). bilben jufammcn ben SBunbe^tat unter bent SSorfi^e be^ 5Keic^^== ge^terer tnirb t)om ^aifer ernannt* fanjler^^ ®ie S3urger int ganjen 3)eutf(^en 9tetd^ h)a]^Ien 397 Slbgeorbnete in hm SRcid^^tag. ^annot)er. ber ebenfatt^ in ^Berlin gufammenf omntt* Sllte S3ur^ ger. Seipjig in ©ad^fen. am 9Wain.1 BEGINNERS' GERMAN Slber er l^at nid^t n)ie bcr ^riifibetit bcr SJercimgtcn 9 ©taaten ha^ Sied^t. emannt tDcrben. bie t)on S)iefc ben Sanbe^fiirften Steic^^tage^ auf 5 ^af)vt. tiad^ Berlin. SSremen an ber SBefer* fjtagctt ©eit tDeld^em ^al^re dtd(i)? beftefjt ein neue^ S)eutfd^e^ 9^ad& iDeld^em ^riege tdav ba^? ^aben ©ie fd^on tjon bem beutfd^^frangofifd^en ^rieg gel^ort? SBie t)ielmal grower finb bie 93ereinigten ©taaten alg J)eutfd^Ianb? 9Bie SBie ift bie beutfd^e ^aifertDurbe {efet? frill^er fam man ju einem ^aifer? . ncimlic^ ^reufeen. S3re^Iau an ber Ober. ertDaf)Ien biefe 9KitgIieber be^ unb SSlirttemberg. ©ac^fen 26 ©taaten fcnben 58 SScrtretcr. ber J)ie 58 SSertreter ^auptftabt ^reufeen^ unb be^ dld6)t^. ein SSeto einjulegen* ©a^ ©eutfc^c dtd^ beftet)t au6 26 cinjclnen ©taaten. unb ftellen ba^ 93ubget be^ Seutfd^en 9ieid^e^ 3)ic grofeten unb tDid^tigften ©tabte S)eutfd^Ianb^ finb nad^ Berlin: Hamburg an ber (gibe.

einem neuen ^aifer einen neuen ^aifer ^eutf d^en 9leic5(e) A. G.92 beginners' GERMAN SBeld^c^ [inb bie JRcd^tc be^ ©eutfc^en ^atfer^? 2Bie t)iele ©taaten gibt e^ tm ©eutfd^en 8?eid&? ifiren 9tennen ©ie bie brei grofeten ©taaten mit ^auptftabten! 3eigen ©ie 2Bie t)iele biefe ©tabte auf ber Cartel ober ernannt? 55ertreter bilben ben iBunbe^rat? ©inb SBer fie gett)df)It i[t ber S3orfi^er be^ iBunbe^rat^? SBie biele 9KitgIieber be^ 9iei(^^tag6 gibt e^? SBerben biefe gett)af)lt? <^ann ber ^aifer attein ®efe^e madden ober allein ha^ Subget aufftellen? SBeld^e n)eiteren ©tabte unb gliiffe S)eutfd^Ianb^ fennen ©ie? 3ft S)eutfd^Ianb iDie bie SSereinigten ©taaten ein ©taatenbnnb^ oberifte^ ein SSnnbe^ftaat? ^at ber "iPrafibent ber SSereinigten it)ie ©taaten af)n^ Ixdjt dtcd^tt ber 2)entfd^e ^aifer? S3erglei($en ©ie bie beiben ?dnber miteinanber! ©d^reiben ©ie einen 2luffa^ bariiber! NOTE Declension N. nima- . comparative and super- the adjectives in the positive degree? Is it not true that either the adjective or the preceding element (ber=^ and ein=words) must show the gender. ein !^eutf(§eg D^eic^ Why is this declension of adjectives called at times mixed? in the Are attributive adjectives lative declined like Illustrate. ein ncuer f atfcr cine fci^redlid^e 3eit ein ^Deutfd^e^ 9?eic5 einc^ !Deutfd^en D^cicjeg einent cineg neuen £aifcr^ einer fc^recftid^cn 3cit einer fd^rerflid^en 3cit eine fc^rerflid^e S^^t D.

but ein neuc.beginners' GERMAN ber. einc erblid^e ^aifcrmilrbe. tatfer ber (feiner) guten 3eiten ^inber DaL ^aifern ben (feinen) Quten 5etten ^inbern tatfer Ace. but ba^ neuc. ber ncuc ^aifcr ein neucr ^aifer bic \^xtdix(i)t 3^it eine fc^recflic^e 3cit bttjg beutfd^c ein beutfc^e)^ ^tnb ^inb ^inbe^ be6 neuen ^aifcr^ clneg Ttcucn ^aifer^ ber fc^recfUc^en S^^t einer fc^recflid^en S^^^ be6 beutfd^en ^tnbeg etne§ beutfc^en D. modifies? If does that make clear the forms: ber neuc. ein bauember Slnteil. tnein fd^one^ SSaterlanb* When are geographical adjectives capitalized? ^iinfunbbrct^tgfte 2lufgabe (Review) SBicberl^oIung ber gangen SlbieftiD^Seflination: Singular N. orally and in writing: citi unenblid^er ®treit. bk (feine) ^aifer guten 3eiten ^inber Gen. so. bent ncucn ^aifcr cincnt neuen ^alfer ber fd^redltd^en 3^it einer fc^redltdEien 3cit A.er bie fd^redlid^e S^^t einc f(^recflic$e 3^it ^inb einem beutfd^en ^inb ha^ beutfd^e tinb ein beutfd^e)^ ^tnb bent beutfd^en Plural Norn. ben neuen ^aifer eincn neuen ^aif. 93 it and case of the following noun which ein neucr. bic (feinc) Quten 3eiten I ^inbcr . G.^? Decline in sentences.

e. gum 9tl^ein. . bie bie SBad^t. an feiner linfen ®ie SBogen SBo l^aben bebeutet bie SBelten. the formation of words to imitate the sound of the thing. bie rt)ir SBeHcn gelemt? flir ©ie SBo aSo beutfd^en ^rieger tDerben ben 9tl^ein ftrei^ ten. jum beutfd^en di^dnl SBcr iDiH be^ ©trome^ filter fein? ?ieb SBaterlanb. 2Bic ®d&n)ertgeflirr unb SBogenpraC: 3um 3tl^ein. . bie SBad^t 2Bac^t geft fte^t am am 9J^ein! 5i^ein! Sim gufee ber SSorbertafel be6 9lationaIbenfmaI^ (^monument^) auf bem S^iebemalb bei 9Jllbe^= l^eim am 9J^ein ift ba^ ?ieb „S)ie SBad^t am 9Jl^ein" eingegraben* SSerftel^en ©ie alle trcigt SBorter? ein ©d^tDert @in ^rieger ©eite. fie finb baf)er bie filter be^ ©trome^. Sieb SSaterlanb. magft ruf)ig fein: geft ftel^t nnb treu unb treu bie SBad^t. Show the onomatopoeia in this poem.94 ®ie ^ . magft rul^ig fein. beginners' GERMAN crftc ©tropl^e be^ beutfc^en 9iationaItiebc8: ®te SBa^t am 3lfiem lautct: (£^ brauft ein 9iuf tDic 2)onnerl^aIt. l^aben iDir ru^ig gef)abt? l^aben flir fiir fiir fiir rt)ir treu gelemt? ift SBa^ ein §att (sound) ift ber ©onnerJ^all? 2Ba^ 9Ba^ ein ©eflirr ba^ ©d^tDertgeflirr? ift ein ^ralt ein (rebound) ift ber SBogenpratt? 2Ba^ ganb ba^ SSaterlanb? i.

prbar. usually take the auxiliary or f)abtn? Is verbal action or result of action expressed? WORD FORMATION atul^ig ift. au^fiil^riid^en 33rtef bom 28* gebruar bafiir* l^abc id^ cm})^ ^d) banfc S)ir bielmd^ ^d^ freuc mtd^ S)amtt S)u nid^t lange auf ?lad^rid^t iDortcn* p h)arten braud^ft. S'n ©eutfd^Ianb im ajjat am fd^onftcn. c6 brauft^unb e^ bonncrt id^ ftcl^c am offcnen genfter. and show the force of the suffix. Sicbcr 55^^iinb! ©cinen fangen. i. Ic^bar? aSo l^aben tDir ttmnbcrfiar gefiabt? S^d^sunbbrei^tgfte ^lufgabe 5D r c « b c n. Do intransitive verbs of posture. fl^Ctt. ift cPat. burftig. fel^r.BEGINNERS' GERMAN Scfet ftngcn iDir ba^ 8icb! 95 gUr morgen lerncn ©ic c^ au^lDenbig! NOTE Give a synopsis of: fef)r.e. S)al^cr ftngen tDtr 3)eutfd^c aud^ in ber crften ©tropl^e bc^ Siebc^ „9Banberfd^aft": . fictfeig. SBa6 2Ba^ man ift c[fcn fann. feiti liegen^ ftel^etl. tDcr (bic) dtn\)t iiat 93Ber ift f)un0rtg. ben 12. mttd^tig? all Collect the adjectives ending in ~tg. 3)?ara 1912. Give the adjectives in complete sentences. tt)iU id) Sir ift fofort ant^ bafe S)u un^ balb mit 3)eincn e^ jebcnfate ©efd^tntftern befud^cn iDirft. trinfbar.

SSerfte^en ©ie atte^? l^eifet 2lu^fuf)rlid^ lang* 9Ba^ bebeutet: bie finb jung S3aume fc^Iagen feine au^? ©ie unb ^abtn ©orgen* ©ie finb forgenfrei* S)a^ l^immlifd^e 3^W ift natilrlid^ ber ^immeL 3n tDeld^em ^onigreid^e liegt iibrigen^ SDre^ben? alte6 t)erftanben? ^aben ©ie nun fjragen SBann ift e^ in ©eutfd^Ianb am fd^onften? SBarum? SBann finb bie f(^onften 2:age? SBie ift e^ oft im 3nli unb Sluguft? Semen ©ie bie erfte ©tropf)e be^ 8iebe^ SBanberfc^aft au^rt)enbig! . berbleibe 3)ein treuer greunb id^ 5ri<?." im 3uli nnb l^eifeen Slngnft l^aben h)ir aud^ fd^one^ SBetter tro^ Dieler 3:age. greub'^ 9Kit l^erjlid^en ©riifeen. mit ©orgen p ^au6! S^% SBie bie SBoIfen bort tDanbern am J^imtnlifc^en ©0 Slbcr ftel^t au^ mir ber ©inn in bie tDcite. unb S3erge nnterne^men. empfiel^I mid^ ©einen lieben ^d) tDilnfd^e @ud^ ©Ilid unb ©egen allermegen. S^ tDirb [icfier foftlic^ SBann merbet ^^v benn lebe rec^t tDof)I eigentlid^ nac^ Snropa ab- reifen? 9^un unb laffe balb ettoa^ t)on S)ir (SItern* ]()oren» S3itte. tDcite 9BeIt. ^ebergeit griebe. auc^ an Seine ©efd^tDifter. bit 93aume f($Iagen au^.96 .. h)er Suft l^at. 2Bir n)erben mit @uc^ t)iele i^i^fereifen in bie SBcilber h)erben.®er Tlai ift beginners' GERMAN gefontmen. S)a bleibe.

Georgstrasse 38. ben ufn)» 97 man gut gu einem Selegramm bertDenben fann: „&IM nnb ©egen SlIIertDegen. nad^bem man il^n gefd^rieben i}at? Tlan bie [tedft ben 33rief in einen Umfd^Iag. fd^reibt Slbreffe. S'ebergeit griebe. into the plural. Hannover. Hans Schulze. Hebt bie 2)?arfe anf. Change above letter the pronouns of fajniliar address (which are capitalized in letters) 1. grenbV ©prnd^ Don ber 9Kitte.! beginners' GERMAN ©tngcn ©ie: ®er 9Kai tft gefommen Semen ©ie auc^ ben ©pmd^. fc^Iiefet btn S3rief nnb irirft il^n in ift ben ndd^ften Ifaften* SBa^ filr ein taften ba^? SBa^ ift eine iBrief^ marfe? 3lbre[fe: §erm in the Dr. 3. Sefen ®ie biefen fd^onen ober fangen ©ie mit irgenb einer 3^H^ cin! ©d^reiben ©ie biefen nnb einen af)nli(^en S3rief SBa^ tnt man mit einem iBriefe. into pronouns of conventional address. Change the masculine into the feminine in the salutation and in the close. NOTE Which case is used after banlen and antttiortett? What other verbs did we have where the dative is used as single object? What is the usual form of the prefix em)>-? . 2.

id) Is cmp.a part of speech? the verb aireifen? Is the prefix ab. n)ad^fam unb trcu t)iel @in[t ritt ber ^aufmann bon einem ^aufc. . • Stebenun&bret§igfte 2lufgabe 2)cr trcuc (Sin tdax. in spite of .) What case do prepositions compounded with of take in Is the prefix separated German? E. h)C0cn be^ ficifecn Xa^t^. empfinbcn are the only three verbs with the prefix emp-. ftd^ SWarfte. fiel 9^ad^ unb nad^ aber iDurben n)ar. 9iiemen biefer mit benen ber 9KanteIfadE angebunben ol^ne unb fierab. Where Does it is the accent in unteme^men? mean fangcn here to undertake or to take (hold) under? The principal parts of fangen and etntifangen are: fing gcfangcn ctnpfangcn empfangen cmpftng What is the difference? lie? Where does the accent Where is the accent in Give a synopsis of E. . tro^ bc^ {)eifeen 2^a0e6.a part of speech? bie Xiiv sumat^en* nxad^e bic Jilr in. CTnpfef)(cn.g. ^unb ber fel^r ^aufmann l^attc einen ^unb. . on account of .98 beginners' GERMAN Smpfangen. .g. S)er §unb bie marfd^ierte neben tf)m lofe. IDO er ®elb eingcnommen einem 9KanteIfad tiatU. bu mac^teft bie Xixx gu ufm^ of from the verb in the simple tenses normal order? Where is the prefix with simple verb in dependent clauses? How is the past participle formed? (jugcmad^t. ba^ e^ ber ^aufmann bemerfte. nad^ fiinter @ein ®elb l^attc er in auf ba^ ^ferb gefd^naltt* l^er.

(gr iDebelte unb — mit bem ©d^tDanje. aU er feinen SWantelfadE bermifete* t)on 3lun ritt er jurildf unb fal^ iiberall S3Iut feinem ^unbe* (gnblid^ fam er bal^in. unb ber ©d^aum ftanb il^m t)or ber ©d^nauje* 9^un bad^te ber i^n mit ^aufmann. fill^Ite er l^inter [td^ unb erfd^raf. ber argcr bellte. bafe e^ nid^t meitergel^en foltte. (gr fd^ofe feiner ^iftole nieber ritt iDeiter^ 211^ er noc^ eine ©tredfe geritten h)ar. t)iel SBo SBar l^atte ^aufmann @elb eingenom- m^n? er gu gufe ober ju ^ferbe? S33ann ritt er nad^ ^aufe? S33o l^atte ber ^aufmann fein ®elb? bie 233a6 gefd^al^ l^ielten? mit ben 9?iemen. n)o il^m ber ®elb^ fadE entfallen toax. ba^ er fein ®elb berloren l^atte? ©elang e6 bem ^unbe. feinem §errn bie ^anb ftarb^ 55tagctt S33a^ filr einen 3eigte ber §unb l^atte §unb Sreue? ber ber ^aufmann? (£r l^atte einen fel^r — unb — §unb. !Da lag fein treuer ledfte §unb neben bent (Bade.BEGINNERS' GERMAN ®cr §unb ^aufmann aber l^attc 99 n)infcln» ©cr ^unb nun immer c6 gefel^en unb ftng !S)a an ju fel^rtc \id) nid^t il^n baran. feinen gu madden? $erm aufmerffam SBoburd^ tooltte jener biefen aufmerffam madden? . fein ^unb unb fei toll gen)orben. ben 9KanteIfadf SBemerfte ber ^aufmann ben SSerluft? SBufete er. fd^Iug Slbcr ber treue fein §err cinigemal mit ber (Sr fprang ^eitfc^e* §unb l^orte nid^t auf^ an ba^ ^ferb unb gerbife il^m faft bie giifee.

and vice versa. E. entfiel.in the past participle? Are these six unaccented prefixes parts of speech btgeentt)er- er- set-? .! ICX) BEGINNERS GERMAN ^aufmann feincn trcucn §imb? §unb? tat ber §unb mit bem "ipferbe? SSarxinx? SBa^ SBar ber ^unb toH getDorben? 2Barf ber . t>ermt||tc. erfd^raf. geprte. Unb ber biefer fiel l^erab. Where is the accent in marf^terte. aber ^aufmann bemerfte e^ nid^t* NOTE Does the German use the possessive adjective with nouns denoting parts of the body or of clothing? Illustrate. serfiift? Do verbs with unaccented first syllable take the augment ge.^aufmann etnen ©tein nad^ bem ^unbe? 2Somit tDurbe ber §unb niebergefd^offen? SBann bermifete ber ^aufmann [em ®elb? SBomit fc^Iug bcr SBem gef)orte ber treue 2Ba^ tat er. unb tDa^ faf) er? 9Bie fanb er f etnen treuen ^nnb? al6 3ft ein f(^en? §unb nic^t oft treuer mand^e Tltn^ SBieberl^oIen ©ie bie gange ©efd^id^te! ?efen ©ie ba^ ©tiid ©d^reifien ©ie bie furje (grjafilung nieber! Change the text by using the perfect tense. ol^ne bafe e^ ber ^aufmann bemerfte becomes: fo bafe biefer l^erabfiel. ttiatfci^iert? Where in bemerfte.g. Change subordinate clauses into coordinate ones.

cr tDirb f)crabfaHcn. untcmcf)Tncn (l^cr)untcmcf)mcn untemat)m nal^m (^cr)untcr (f)er)untcrgcnommcn \>\XX^.g. orally and in writing: anbinben cr fallt ^erab.. e. naf)m cingenommen.• beginners' GERMAN Give the principal parts of the above frcntibar) ' '>' ' -ibl (ltTl'> six -twie^c/cSfe' compound verbs. untemommcn Illustrate Uttter. Where is the accent in itfierfe^en meaning to translate? Where is the accent in Utttctttcl^metl meaning to undertake? Where separable is the accent in h)teberl^oIen meaning to repeat? figurative sense treated like in- Are compound verbs in a compound verbs? Are compound verbs in a literal sense compound verbs. er naf)m cr mirb einnef)men. or better: ein. is What The er the force of ent. to undertake with to take under {down).and of 5cr-? Illustrate. as they should be? Does not the same treated like separable difference exist in English with vari- able prefixes? Compare. cr fid f)crab. nimtnt ein. er l^at eitigc^ nomtnen* Give in the same way. in sentences the variable prefixes: um unb tutebcr* . ttfier. principal parts of the following verb are: citi. cr auf^oren Jt)citcr9ef)cn niebcrfd^icfecn burd^rciten — — — — — — — — — — ift f)crabgcfaHcn — — — — — Where is the accent in these verbs? Are these prefixes parts of speech? What parts of speech? Are there in English also separable verbs? Illustrate. cinne^men.

fie 2Ba^ f)aben bie SKeufd^en? ift greffen fie? 2Ba^ gterig? 25erftef)en ©ie ieijt bie einfad^e.g.. bafe e^ ber but tDufete! §unb What the reason for this? illustrations. bag c^ ein anberer ^unb ber aud^ ein ©tiicf Skif^ i^ l^atte.. In burd^Iaufcn.UDQ E. ©teg ift ein 28eg. ba^ er l^aben tDoIIte. Observe the difference: !Dcr bcr ^aufmann tjerlor fein ®clb.. -Sn bem Har^n SBaffer fei. h)ieberI)oIen. of)ne is c^ ^u h)iffcn. o^nt Saufmann t)erIor fein ®clb. Give similar 2ld?tunbbret§tgjtc 2lufgabe J)cr ^unb mit bcm ©tiid JJIeifd^c @in $unb iiber einen l^atte eitt gleifd^ gcftol^len unb lief fal^ bamit er fein fd^malen ©teg. ha^ er unb ba^ anbere. unb fo fd^nappte er gierig banad^^ 3)a entfiel tl^m ba^ i^ld\<i). umgcl^en. moralifd^e @rgal^== lung? Stagcn 2Ba6 f)atte ber §unb ber geftol^Ien? fl&a^ tat er barauf? SBoriiber lief ^unb mit bent geftol^Ienen gleifc^e? . Sl^aule f)abe» @r gebad^te e^ tl^m ju nef)men. 53ilb unb meinte. ^ernanb./. iibcrfcljcn. ber ettDa^ (gin fttel^It. untemef)Tncn. beginners' GERMAN •. ber oft ilber SBaffer fiil^rt alle $unbe unb freffen* Siere {)aben ein 9KauI. tft ein S)ieb. n)ar aud^ tjerfd^lDunben.

NOTE Subjunctive PRESENT ^ (^onjunftit)) PRETERIT id^ \)'dtU id^ f)abe bu l^abeft bu l^atteft fiiitte cr (fie. im ^Inral bc^ im *ipr(ifcn^» ^erfeft^. ift ba^fclbe tt)ie: cr bcfd^lofe. ha^ er c^ if)m ncfimcn IdoHc. §attc bcr §unb rt)ir fcin tomn cr nid^t fo gicrig gctrcfcn tdixvc? S33a^ Icmcn an^ bicfcr Hcincn ©cfd^id^tc? (Srgal^Icn ©ic bic Heine 2:icrfabel! Scfen ©ie biefclbe! Unb tDiebcrl^oIen ®ie biefclbe fd^riftlid^! ©d^reiben ®ic bic ®efd^i(^te nod^ cinmal L 2. @r gebad^te c6 il^m jn ncl^mcn. with the exception of fei? . c^) h)ir l^atten if)r fiattct {)aben i\)x l^abet fie f)aben fie {)cttten What vowel figures in every ending of every subjunctive id^ (er) form.beginners' GERMAN SBa« crblidftc cr in IO3 bcm Karen 9Baf[cr? aSo fat) cr fein Silb? SBa^ glanbtc obcr mctntc er? 9Ba^ tDoHtc bcr §unb bcm anbem ^unbe ncl^men? Unb e^ n)a^ tat er ba^cr? 9Barf bcr $nnb ba^ fcin ©tudf glcifd^ tDcg. e^) f^abc tt)ir cr (fie. obcr entfici i^m? cr gtocite Sddam ©tiid glcifd^? ©tiid i^ld\<i) t)crIoren.

is What e. ob bu beine Slufgabe gentad^t f)abeft (f)atteft). used direct speech? If not. Generally in the subjunctive those forms are used that differ from the respective indicative forms.g. tenses. Are the subjunctive forms.vowel of the present subjunctive modified? How about the preterit subjunctive? Of all verbs? Conjugate in speech: full.g. or is Is there a so-called sequence of the same tense used in indirect discourse which was. changing the direct speech into indirect Set Sefircr fagtc: (t(^ bin faul) bu E. or would be. bafe td^ faul fei (mare) ober \6) fei faul. Also change the direct question into indirect question: 2)?ein 93ater fragte mid^: §aft bu beinc Slufgabe gemac^t? f)at cr feine Slufgabc gemad^t? uftn* 9Ketn 33ater fragte mid^.I04 beginners' GERMAN in the story. used in direct speech? Is the stem. feien the conventional form of the imperative in reality. etc. bafe bu faul fei(e)ft (tDarcft) ufm. ©ie aufmerffam? Is there any imperative in the third person? . employed in change the indirect discourse into direct statements. ob x6) meine Slufgabe gemad^t l^atte betn 93ater fragte btd^. bi[t faul uflD* Dcr Sel^rcr fagte.

. greunbe. SBar== -um? ©cfmnt SBa^ 2Ba^ 2Ba^ ein SlbjeWit) t)on ber Sinn. unb tDiirben nid^t of)ne 5yiu^en fd^eiben* ©ie follten ganj nad^ -3^rer 2trt rid^ten^ unb SBeife leben unb fid^ tiok p ^aufe moglid^ft ein^ gefe^t. rt)ie id) unb tDerbe 14 3:age fo attein t)or unb unabfictngig fo balb tiid^t iDteber mir mir fef)e* SBoltten ©ie mi($ nid^t in btefer S^^i befuc^en^ bci tt)of)nen unb bleiben? ©ie iDlirben jebe Slrt Don Slrbeit rul^ig t)ome]^men fonnen. 5yjcld^fte ben 4. ba^ gu fagen unb Mnfd^e inbeffen red^t iDol^I ju leben. SBod^e gel^t ber ^of nad^ (gtfenad^. aber . [eiti. irol^I. 3?ierjef)n 3:age finb jtrei SBod^en. ©ie mid^ ju ^^xtv Slufnafime id^ fo bereit finben. tdav ^rofeffor an Uniderfitat ^ena. Seben ©ie red^t unb grit^en ©ie bie 3^t*igen. faf)en 2Bir befpradfien un^ in bequemen ©tunben.ad^t 3:age" ift im ©eutfd^en ift ba^felbe tt)ie eine SBod^e.. an l^abe. bie un^ am afinlic^ften gefinnt toavtn. unb gaben tDllrben tDiirben fid^ jmifd^en un^ anfniipfen^ S3om 14. ift nlt^Iid^. id^ 33i^ ba{)in berfpare mand^e^.BEGINNERS GERMAN IO5 Heununbbrd^tgftc 2lufgabe Xtil einc^ Sricfei^ t)pn ©uctl^e an ©critter in ^ma id^ SBcimar. ift. 2Ba^ finb iebod^ bie ©runbformen t)on fmnen? nid^t of)ne 5yiu^en ol^ne 5Jlu^en ift ift. September 1794.^. finnlo^? 211^ ®oetf)e biefen S3rief biefer an ©driller ber fd^rieb. enblo^. ®aburd^ tDiirbe id^ in ben ©tanb ^f)nen bon mefirere meinen ©ammlungen ba^ SBid^tigfte gu s^io^tt. ift nu^to.

about the weak verbs? do not the preterit forms of the indicative and subjunctive of regular weak verbs coincide? . fotttcn? Is the stem. bafe ©driller Wme? SSieberl^oIen ©ie ben gangen iBrief ?efen ©ie il^n! id^ il^n 3efet tDerbe 3^tien biftieren! cil^nlid^en iBrief ©d^reiben ©ie einen Rewrite the rid^ten letter from SBoKten ®te to etn^ substituting tnurbcn for every sub- junctive. Rewrite the letter using the familiar form of address. am ^ofe be6 giirftcn Mavl Sluguft in SBeimar* ^eigen ®ie ^'ena unb SBeimar auf ber Cartel 2Bic alt h)aren ®oetf)c nnb ©driller im ^cil^re 1794? SBe^iDcgen n)oHtc 14. bafe ©driller il^n t)om ©eptember befud^en folk? SBo folltc ©(filter iDol^ncn unb bleiben? 28a^ 9Ba^ tDoItten fie tun? feinem S^^^i^nbe geigen? tDoIIte ©oetl^e SSarum fd^rieb er nid^t met)v? iJBiinfd^te ©oet^e. NOTE What is the force of the subjunctives tOoUttn. faffcn. o.! ! Io6 beginners' GERMAN ®octf)c tear in ber ^at)t. Rewrite the letter omitting all subjunctives.vowel (a. bi^ 27* ©06%. u) of the preterit subjunctive modified in the strong verbs? How If not. bcfprfid^eti.

4. 3. S)ie ©driller unb ©d^ulerinnen fonnen unb folten eth)a^ bartn lemen. id^ f)cute frei ficittc. menn id^ frei gel^abt fiatte ufm» Z)ier3tgfte 2)ie 2Iufgabe Sd^ulen fiir bie S)ie ©tabt l^at fie finb offentlid^e ©ebtiube. wish or exhortation.g. 2lud^ bie ©d^ule ba^ ^inb gu einem orbentlid^en 9Wenfd^en ju ergtel^en. tniirbcn 2. subjunctive state facts or ideas? illustrations. tDiirbe id) and finally: id) f)cutc frci. then: au^gcf)cn. Sllle ^inber ntllffen mit 6 ^al^ren in bie ©d^ule gel^en* ^ebe^ ^inb mufe bie ©d^ule 8 3?af)re befud^en. bu iDiirbeft fpaateren gef)en. . 9Jed^nen f)elfen. orally and in writing. Take the same sentence jugate it in the compound E.beginners' GERMAN 107 tofirett? What What press? is the force of the subjunctive gefttmt id) does the subjunctive tDiinfd^te. ex- Does the Give 1. nfm. in the three formations. fo §attc miirbc id) au^gcf)cn. tenses. n)cnn bu fieute frei f)(itteft ufft). ©d^reiben. ^ugcnb bauen laffen. possibility. tDcnti id) fieutc frci f)attc. indirect statement or indirect question. metin ®ie f)cute frci I)atten? iDiirbe fpajieren gef)cn. SBa^ Sd) ®ie tun. Ste ©d^ulen ^ier toixb e^ tt)i(t im ?efen. unterrid^tet. bafe er fame. in which the subjunctive expresses: an ideal condition. Conjugate SBenn this in full. and con- 3d) tDiirbe fpasteren gegangen fctn.

toeld^e Siid^ter.Io8 beginners' GERMAN ben SBoH^fd^uIen toirb ba^ h)tffcn Qtltf)vt. Q\t eine amerifanifc^e high school ba^felbe eine bentfd^e §od^f(i^nIe? iDie iffiamm nid^t? . ^n Scben toa^ ieber 9}Jenfd^ im mufe* ^n 3febe6 ben l^ol^eren ©d^ulen follen bte ^tnber nod^ mel^r lernen* feme be^ ^tnb mufe eine S3oIf^f(^uIe befud^en. 2lnf ber Uniderfitat ftnbieren bie inngen Sente. bie anbere ©d^ule gel^t. Srjte. tt)a6 bie ©d^nle and^ nod^ tDilt? 28o lemt man diel? Qn tDeld^en tt)o ©d^uten lemt man mef)r? Unb lemt man am meiften? ®ibt e^ and^ ^ridatfd^nlen? ©arf man biefe befnd^en? 2Ba^ fiir Sente ftnbieren anf ben Uniderfitaten? 9?ennen ©ie einige gro^e amerifanifc^e Uniderfi^ tdten! ^ennen ©ie l^ol^eren and^ bie 5^amen Don einigen ber 21 high bentfd^en Uniderfitciten? !J)ie ©d^nlen trerben in 3lmerifa schools genannt. iDenn e^ in (S^ gibt ami) ^ribatfd^nlen. ??ragen SBa^ filr ©ebdube (§dnfer) finb bie ©d^nlen? giir toen l^at bie giir tren l^at bie ©tabt fie fie gebant? ©tabt banen kffen? ©d^ule gef)en? 9Wiiffen alle iEBie ^inber in bie lange? fie 5G3a^ lernen iffiiffen in ber ©d^ule? ©ie. ^farrer ober Sel^rer tnerben tDotten. man fnd^en barf ober mag* S)ie f)6d^[te ©d^nle ift bie ^od^fd^nle fieifeen ober bie Uniderfitdt* ®ie ©driller ber Uniderfitaten ©tnbenten.

t)crfitaten» — high schools 33ef(^reiben ©ie and) fclbcn! NOTE What E.g. SBiffen ©ie. unb ncnnen ©ic unb Uni^ Sage bcr^ bic SSoIf^fd^uIen. fcnnctt. MODAL AUXILIARIES onnen nogen bttrfen ntiiffen foHen tDoHen PRESENT INDICATIVE x(i) tanh i^ bu fannft cr — mag i^ barf — id^ — ntufe id) — foH id^ — mill fann er ntag er barf er mug er foil er mill h)ir f onnen \\)x mir mogen mir biirfen mir miiffen mir fount fie f onnen — — — — — — — — follen mir toollen — — How is the singular present of modal auxiliaries formed? Like which tense of the strong verbs? Can you conjugate the modal German? auxiliaries in English? In Could they be called defective in English ? .Sennen ©ie alle ?e^rer unb ^el^rerinnen 3f)rer ©d^ule? ^onnen ©ie fd^on ein tDenig 35eutfd^ fpred^en? Give three illustrations of your own.beginners' GERMAN ©agen ©ic nun. Suc^e! ©d^reiben ©le einige ettt)a6 tt)a^ IO9 ©d^ulen tniffcn! ®ie il6er bic Sefen ©ic ben furjcn Sluffa^ bariibcr in Q^vtm bariibcr. tda^ is the difference between ItJtffcn. and {i)nnen? ©ie in ber ©d^ule tun ntiiffen? .

^ er tvxU gctiabt? Rewrite the piece by changing every singular into the plural and vice versa. 9. (Sr toeife nid^t. fie laufen mufeten. €inunbt>ter3tgftc 2tufgabe mt tnit SBcirc S^ ging auf ben 5l6enb p» ha^ S)a tarn etn frember SWann auf ber Sanbftrafee ]^ergefaf)ren. unb uneben* 9Kann er einen SBanberer rief: ber gu gufe einf)erging. S)arf ®te barum bitten? f)eutc fort nad^ S)cutf(^Ianb. SBa^ toollen ®ic bamit fagen? tDtc i{)m njolle. ber mufete grofee @ile l^aben. gr mufe ®ic 5. benn cr f)ieb auf feine ^ferbe. foil fel)r reid^ gctDcfen fcin. mel^r a\^ fte mod^ten. Qii) farm nic^t6 tnoc^teft e^ id) bafiir* tt)oI)I SDu tDiffen? 3. 8.. benn ber 9Beg 211^ aber ber l^ielt h)ar fteinig einf)oIte. Unb bem SBagen tat'^ and) nid^t gut.aBa^folIba^? 6. e^e .no What fonncn TttoQcn biirfcn BEGINNERS GERMAN are the English equivalents for: (id^) fonntc gefonnt gctnod^t mod^tc burfte nxufetc folltc gcburft miiffcn follcn gemufet gefoKt tDoHcn Is there tooUte getDoKt How an Umlaut in the preterit and past participle? about the preterit subjunctive? What do the following expressions mean in English? ! 2. toa. 4. fann nod^ in bie ©tabt fommen. 7. toa^ er milL SBo f)aben toir n)a^ fott e^ unb cr njcift ntd^t. id^ tool)! tiwa^ an unb „®uter greunb. @^ fci bem.

? beginners' GERMAN e6 9lad^t III SBanbcr^mann \af) bic fcud^enben ^ferbe an unb ben SBagcn unb ben SSeg unb fagtc: „3ti/ ^^nn 3^^ ^iH <Jud^ tiod^ bal^in. fam langfam unb lal^m ein SBagen J)en fannte ber SBan= leib. unb e^ taten il^m nur nid^t^ gefreffen l^atten. befto ef)er!" unb ranntc mit feinem SSagen unb 211^ aber biefer fctnc^ ©d^rttte^ eine bcm i^^feganger t)orau6» ©tunbc todttv gcgangen er eine ^utfdje e^ fc^on jicmlid^ bunfel tDar. tDenn in bie ®tabt fomme/' 211^ ber Si^fegcinger am folgenben 9Korgen im ®a[tf)aufe.. ^'f)v f)attet ^l^r burftet nid^t fo fd^nett fafiren^ id^ ^d^ mufe 6ud^ nun einen SBagen f)erau^fenben. ber (gile '()at. auftDad^te unb gum genfter baf)ev. ber ©teine SBa6 tut — SBie iiberfe^en ®ie: e^ tut mir auc^ nid^t leib? ein SSanberer? SBo l^aben tDir ttjanbem gelernt? fiir 2Ba^ ein 9Kann ift ein i5^feganger? bie Sutfc^e ba^felbe? ©inb SSo bet SBagen unb SBa^ tufeinSBagner? l&aben n)ir t§ bunfelt gel^abt? . lam tl^m befannt t)or. ift @in 3Beg.@ile mit SBeile'^? ^emanb. „td^ l^ab'^ (Sud^ fal^ren fotten^ gefagt. ift eilig* l^at. unb ben 9Wann. erfannte er aud^ tDieber. bie iiber 9lad^t ber^mann. S)ie ^utfd^e fal^ am SBege liegen.'' S)a bad^te 3^f)r langfamer fal&rct tdixb?' — J)er ber anbere: „J)a^ ift ein red^ter ?larr! rt)eiter ^'e fd&neller. bie ^ferbe SBieilberfefeen ©ie . „®uter greunb/' langfamer fprad^ er. ber fd^Ied^ten baneben ftanb unb auf [eine armen ^ferbe unb auf ben tt)oi)l SBagen fd^intpfte. too er gefd^Iafen l^atte. J^inau^fal^.

gul^r iener balb ab? ©unfelte e^ al^ ber SSanberer eine . bann al^ SBanberer! NOTE How How is the present participle formed? declined? is it .112 beginners' GERMAN 9Bar e^ fd^on Slbenb ober iDurbc e^ crft Slbenb? SBer fam auf ber ganbftrafee gefal^ren? SBa^ 9Ben SBar tat ber 9Kann? fteinlo^ SBanim? unb eben? 2Bar ber 2Beg traf ber frembe btefer Tlann? ju ^ferbe? 2Banntt)oIIte ber 5D?annmba^ nad^fteSorf fommen? aud^ nod^ bai)in? SBoIIte ber SBanber^mann aBa^ fagte er? SBte lautete bte SlnttDort be^ ^^l^rmann^? aSartete ber 9Kann auf ben SBanberer? fdEion.Sutfd^e im SBege ^annte SSa^ 2Bar liegen faf)? er ben SBagen unb ben 9Kann? 93Barum? tat biefer? er gornig? 2Ben mu^te ber SSanberer gum gnl^rmann fenben? SBann unb iDie tarn ber SSagen gu enblid^ an? SBarum taten bem gufegcinger bie ^ferbe leib? fel^r -3ft e^ ber 9Wiif)e iDert. fid^ gu beeilen? 8of)nt e^ ftc^? (Srjdl^Ien ©ie bie gange ©efd^td^te! Sefen ©ie biefelbe laut bor! ©d^reiben ©ie {e^t eine Slrbeit bariiber! ©rjctl^Ien ©ie bie ©efd^ic^te guerft al^ gi^finnann.

tDufete. er tDcife. gebrad^t benfen. h3ir tDtffen. Illustrate the use of the iliary two past participles of all aux- verbs of mood by original sentences. bu tdci^t. biirfen. if)rc fie tDiirben greunbe l^afien befud^en biirfcn* . and e^ tun fallen. cr tDtrb feinen greunb be[ud^en tDir I)aben unferc tf)r l^attct greunbe befud^en biirfen. Note the difference between: : td^ {)(ittc id^ f)(ittc e^ gcfoUt. taatttt^ aU? verbs? are Are verbs iliary of motion always expressed after modal aux- Illustrate. brad^te. etc. any similarity between the conjugation of and some other verbs? Is there any' difference between: Is there ge{)en id^ toctfe ®ie ^in. burfteft bcinen bu greunb befud^en. do you distinguish between the conjunctions Illustrate. getDufet. II3 Observe: td^ tDcife. bad^te. n)tffen. Why fennen brennen rennen fetiben brinGcn. gebad^t ncnncn irregular tt^enben weak verbs? Why are they sometimes called mixed verbs? Give their principal parts in sentences. Give the synopsis of id^ all modal auxiliaries as follows: barf nteinen J^reunb befud^en. and fommen ®ie ^cr? What is it? How mctttt.beginners' GERMAN Illustrate. Give the principal parts of ttliffctt in sentences. cure greunbe befud^en biirfcn.

gel^en fonne* l^aufe^. obtdoi)! bicfer e^ am el^rlid^ften Sitter Sage^ touxht gel^en cr t)or ©crid^t geforbert. into the perfect tense. nnb geugte fo frenbig 9ti(^ter feiner Unfd^ulb. berlafet tl^n guerft unb mit (Seine 25ern)anbten unb greunbe begleiten bi^ jur Jiir be^ ®rabe6 unb oft fel^ren tDieber in tl^re ^dufer. Berber. 2. fpred^en fiir il^n unb finben unb @nabc» 3." 3)er erfte feiner grcunbe entf($iil= ©efd^cifte ntd^t bigte fid^ foglcid^.SBcr unter euc^/' n)o cr unfd^ulbig.114 BEGINNERS GERMAN direct questions or statements in this story Change the into indirect ones. ber brittc tDar if)m if)m mcintc. ba^ er tDcgen anberer if)n if)m S)er gtDeite begleitete bi^ gur Jiir be^ 9ti(^t^ ba fel^rte er um unb ging au^ i^urc^t t)or bem jormgen Don SJid^ter l^atte. glctci^giiltig. ft)enn il^n ®ott ©erid^t forbert? gel^t nid^t il^n J)a6 ®elb. auf ben er rebete fiir tl^n am tcenigften gebaut ging l^inein. ben er iDol^ltdtigen SBerfe. ^tDCtun&r>ier3igfte 2lufgabe 2)rci ?f tcunbc @in 5D?ann mit l^attc brei greunbe. aber ^art bcrflagt n)ar» fprad^ er. ynvM. Sarm{)erjigfeit fie boran. jlDci t)on tl^ncn licbtc er fel^r. into the present. Rewrite the whole story by changing the preterit: 1. S)rei fie greunbe in ber l^at ber 2)?enf(^ in biefer SBelt. „rt)itl mit mir unb fiir mic^ geugen? ©enn mit ic^ bin l^art t)erflagt h)orbcn. J)er britte. 3)er britte.®. . SBie betragen t)or fic^ ©tunbe il^m^ be6 Zobe^. .. bafe ber 9Kann bom freigefproc^en tourbe. ftnb feine allein begleiten il^n bi^ gum 2^f)rone be^ SJid^ter^. fein befter grennb. im ^tbtn ®ie gefien am meiften t)erga6.

bie tt)iv l^aben? . tut ein ©d^ulbiger? bittet eiu (gr — — ftd^. ber ilim am gleid giiltigften toax? SBer fprad^ ben 9Kann frei? SSon tDem touxht er freigefprod^en? SBer finb bie brei gt^eunbe. i[t @tncr. ift ein gomiger 9Kann? 3ut:nt SBer i^vtuht — . ift — @r 233a^ tut ein freubiger 9Kenfd^? — fid^* 9Bie biele greunbe ^atte ein 9Wann? ben britten? §atte er alte gleid^ gem? §atte er gmei i)on ifinen liefter al^ Ober l^atte er ben britten am Ite6ften? SBie ftanb er gum britten? aSer toav ber e^rlid^fte unter feinen greunben? t)or 9Bann tDurbe ber Warm ©erid^t gerufen? 2Be6^aIb? SBorum aSomit bat er feine greunbe? entfd^ulbigte fid^ ber erfte greunb? SBie todt ging ber gtreite mit? SBe^lDegen h)anbte er fid^? aBa^ tat ber britte greunb. ber feinc ©c^ulb ^at.• beginners' GERMAN 9Ba^ tut cm Scugctt 9?id^ter ttn ©cric^t? II5 fieifet fiir ober gegen icntanbcn fprcd^cn^ l^at. ift ^emanb. SBer feine greube l^at. iffia^ ber ©d^ulb fd^ulbig. 9Borum ober ©d^ulbiger? (gr bittet um — um S3 — ift SBa^ er? filr ein 9Wauu l^at.

where the past participle has adjective force? E. but he was accused (an accused person. finb feinettDegen berflagt tporben.! Il6 BEGINNERS GERMAN SBic bef)anbelt bcr ber S^obe^ftunbe? erfte greunb hen 93?enf(i^en in ®ef)en bie jtDciten greunbe bi6 gur ©rabe^tiir mit? SBie f)cifet ber britte greunb be^ SWenfc^en? J^olgt tl^m biefer bi^ sum Siic^tertl^ron? SBa^ crtDtrft er fiir ben SWenfc^en? ©rjal^Ien ®ie bie ganje gabel! Sefen ©ie ba^ ©tiidf ©d^reiben ©ie e^! NOTE Supply the missing relative pronoun in: greunbe if)n liebten. . What is the difference in the use of cases between: — eine^ Xaqt§ and jcbcn Xaq? PASSIVE — mxbt — bu Future — Perfect — mir Pluperfect — Cond. xi)x toavt feinetlDegen t)erflagt iDorben. tDiirben feinetmegen t)erflagt tt)orben fein. fte What is the auxiliary in the formation of the true passive voice of action? Is there a so-called passive of description or* condition. tDurbe eine^ Sage^ t)er!Iagt. Preterit tDurbeft feinettnegen Derflagt* er h)irb feinettDegen berflagt toerben. @in SJJann. Perf. er tDurbe t)erflagt = er h)ar t)erflagt = he was being accused. — Present id) feinetiDegen t^erflagt.g. he had been accused).

Ouarta. ^urfu^. both orally and in writing. b. Change the direct speech of the man into indirect discourse. ©ingen unb Jurnen ©ie anberen Sel^rfad^er. How is the English ^^by" in connection with the passive Illustrate. 3^t(finen. rendered in German? Change in the last paragraph. unb bie ber britten Slnftalt: Oberrealfd^iiler* l^etfeen S)te ^laffen in alien brei ©d^ulen t)on unten auf: ©eyta. Wt btefe Slnftaltcn tiaben einen neunial^rigen S)ie ©d^iiler ber erften Slnftalt l^etfeen ©ijmnaftaften. Obertertia. @rb:= funbe. 9^ad^ beftanbener Unterfefunba ober nac^ [ec^^ ^ai)vtn erl^alten bie iungen Seute ba^ (gtniaf)rig=greitr)tlltge^3eugnt^ jum 9JftIitarbien[t. . bie fremben ©prad^en. Outnta. Untertertia. 9^a(§ beftanbenem enbglilttgen (gfamen iDirb ber Oberprimaner 2lbi^ turient unb mufe gu alien Umberfitcit^ftubien an alien 21 beutfc^en Unttjerfttciten 3ugelaf[en t^erben* unb an bm 10 ted^ntfd^en ^od^fd^ulen ^n alien I)oI)eren Seliranftalten ti3erben ®ef(^t(i^te. gelel^rt* Seutf(^.beginners' GERMAN Distinguish similarly between: II7 ©ic S^ilren merben gefd^Ioffen (geoffnct). finb fo tjerteilt. 9^aturtDtffenf(^aften. and bie 2:ilren finb gefd^Ioffen (geoffnet). Unterprima unb Oberprtma. and the indirect speech of the first friend into direct speech. Unterfefunba. Dretunbpterjigfte 2lufgabe ©te l^ol^eren ^nabenfc^ulen be^ ©eutfd^en dtd6)t^ gcrfatten in ®t}mnaften. the active into the passive. as far as possible. bie ber stDeiten: dttalQt^m^ naftaften. Oberfefunba. ^Religion. i). Ofealgijtnnaften unb Oberreatfd^ulen. arjatf)emattf.


beginners' GERMAN

ba^ ?atcin, ©rted^tfd^ unb grangoftfd^ auf ben ©^mnaften





unb neuere

©prad^en, nctmlid^ granaoftfd^ unb ©nglifd^, unb auf ben Cber=



neueren ©prad^en*


®(f)uler finb beim

gintritt gelnofinltd^ neun bi^ jefin ^'afire alt


f)aben brei bi^

bier ^al^re^furfe ber 33oIf6fd^uIe, ober eine S3orfd^uIe t)on brei=






— burd^gemad^t

3)ie gerien



SBod^en, b. ^. Oftern jmei

SBod^en, ^fingften eine SBod^e, grofee ©omnterferien bier bi^
fiinf ilBod^en,


eine bi^ jtnei SBod^en





S)er Slbiturient einer l^ol^eren beutfd^en Sef)r*

anftalt biirfte fo gut n)ie ein

Junior eine^ amerifanifd^en col-

lege borgebilbet


®ie 9Kabd^en befud^en


fogenannte $o{)ere 9)?ab^

^eijt gibt e^ aud^ einige 2Wabd)engl}mnafien, n)el(^e

ben ©d^iilerinnen biefelben S3ered^tigungen erteilen
fpred^enben f)6l^eren ^nabenfd^ulen*

bie ent^

2Bie biele Slrten t)on
fd^ulen gibt e^?






unb beren ©driller?

SBie nennt


bie ©driller ber berfd^iebenen


©ie iungen ©eutfd^en miiffen 2 ober 3 Qai)vt
bat fein


im ^eere

ober in ber SKarine*

iEBer braud^t

ein ^ai)v gu bienen?

!Darf ein Slbiturient iiberatt ftubieren?

SBie biele beutfd^e Uniberfitaten fennen ©ie?

©eben ©ie



Sel^rfad^er ber l^ol^eren

©d^ulen an!

beginners' GERMAN
SBic ncnnt




fonft nod^?





unb ©l^cmic

[tub 9iaturn)iffcnfci^aftcn»


©prad^en tocrbcn auf bcm ©^mnafium

SBcId^e auf

bcm Stealgtjmnaftum?
auf bcr Obcrrcalfd^ulc?




SBorbilbung ber f)o^ercn ©ci^iller?


tDcId^em Sllter



gelDotinUd^ in bic


in 3)cutf(^Ianb fiinftcigigcn Untcrrid^t

^at man


obcr n)irb in ©eutfd^Ianb an fcd^^


SBic tdtxbm bie gerien eingeteilt?








2Ba^ fonnen ©ie

iiber bie 9Wabd^enfd^uIen









beutfd^en ©d^ulen njiffen!




©d^ulen mit ben

amerifanifd^en ©d^ulen!

©ie ha^

©tildf je^t in


S3ud&e nad^!

©d^reiben ©ie einen Heinen Stuff a^ bariiber!

In what number are the names of the great holidays used


E.g. SBeif)nac^ten, etc.

Substitute for jerfatten the verb eintdten. Substitute for l^ei^en the verb nennen.
nac^, use the

In the two sentences which begin with the preposition conjunction nad^bem, orally and in writing.


in all persons

Change into the passive



i^ nel^me mein 93u(^,



58uc^, 93nd^,

id) fdjiiefee
id) lege


mein ^ud)


9Wein (ba^) ^nd)

tt)irb tjon

mir genommen,




2)ie 2)eutf^ett in Slmcrifa

©eutfd^e finb in ber ganjen SBelt gu finben*


jal^Ien bei^



Don benen





©entfd^Ianb nnb 15 9KiIIionen in Cfterreid^ inol^nen^
and) Diele 3)entf(f)e in ber
5af)l S)entf(^er



nnb in Jfn^Ianb,

3)ie grofete


im Sln^Ianb finbet man in ben S3ereinigten ®d)on *ipenn bvad)U, aU er fic^ 1682 in "ipenn^^



®entf($e, fianptfad^IicO JRI^einpfaljer,
18. ^cil^rl^unbert^

mit, benen


erften ©rittel be^



folgten, bie


nenen ?ta(^f($nb




ha^ ein ©entfc^er, namen^ ^eter


1626 jnm


©ontiernenr t)on









meiten gro^e ^nfel aWanl^attan


100 W:avt
Don btn






©d^on im ^ai)ve 1787

bilbete fid^ einc

bentfd^e ©efeltfd^aft in 5Retn g)orf,


bentfd^en ^anflenten

nnb ©rnnbbefi^em

begrllnbet iDorben inar


t)on il^nen nnterftii^t tonrbe.



1848 bvad)U


©entfd^e nad^ Slmcrifa.


ber beften
n)ie trener


^arl ©d^nrj,

ein ebenfo gnter ©entfd^er

Siirger ber 33ereinigten ©taaten, bef)anbelte in

Bcad^tetcr SRebc ben ©influ^ be^


©eutfd^tum^ auf



jeigte babei,



bte 35eutfc^:=2Imerifaner

an bem

gortfd^ritt be^ f)umanen ©eifte^ in Slmerifa mitgeh)irft f)aben.

Unter anberem fagte

er, bafe bie

©eutfd^en bie ^flege ber ^unft

unb be^ ©efange^ mitgebrad)t
©onnenfc^ein eine^

l^atten, fo


bie $Ka[t t)on ber

Strbeit in alien ^laffen be^ 93oIfe^ mef)r

unb mel^r



geben^genuffe^ burc^Iend^tet tnerbe^

allein tdiv," fo fagte

^arl ©d^urg, ,,fonbem

je^t aud^



bon benen, beren SSomrteil
fic^ biefer


tDerben mnfete, freut






anf amerifanifd^em


ein ©entfc^er in bef(^ei=

bener SBeife bie S3erbienfte ber ©eutfd^en


bie 5Sereinigten

©taaten betonte,

fo tat bie^ in h)eit frfiftigerer §lrt ein Slmeri^^

faner anf bentfd^er (grbe,


gtoar 3:f)eobore 9?oofet)eIt gele=


Sorlefung in ber iBerliner Unit)erfitat



9Wai 1910.


bemerfte, ba^ er in biefe^ ?anb t)on rul^m^^



glctnjenber ®egentx)art al^


riger eine^ inngen SSoIfe^

au^geiibt: „2)er

fomme, auf ba^ 3)eutfd^lanb grofeen beutfd^e 5lnteil an unferem i8Iut ift



bon SInbeginn an

ba^ beutfd^e Element unter

ben einanber folgenben SBogen Don Slnfommlingen, beren ^in^
be^tinber in bie dmerifanifd^e Station Derarbeitet iDorben finb

unb nod^

loerben, grofe getnefen;


id^ felbft fuf)re

meine W)^

ftammung auf
toir l^aben




9lieberbeutfd[)en guritdf,


^ollanb au^ ber 9Jorbfee emporgel^oben


noc^ mctjV,


ifinen nid^t

nur einen

grofeen Seil be^ iBIute^,

ba6 burd^ unfere 5lbem rinnt, entnommen, fonbem aud^ einen
grofeen Jeil ber ©ebanfenn^elt, burd^ toeld^e unfere ©enfarbeit




an, ba^ in ben S?ereinigten ©taaten nal^e an

brei aWillionen in ©eutfd^lanb geborene
3ci]^l alter




au^ beutfd^en gamilien ftammenben

S3etoof)ner, b.


beginners' GERMAN
bcrcn Bcibc

©Item ober bcren

SBatcr obcr SKuttcr in

Scutfd^Ianb geboren tDurbcn,
l^od& flefd^dfet;

abcr nttt ncun 9}JiIIioncn

ba^ mad^t ben jel^nten Jeil ber ©efamtbedol^
9lad& „!Dcutf^Ianb

fcrung au^,

aU mitmad)t," 6.



ftnb bie ©cutfd^en gn finbcn?



man im






bic SBcreinigten


SBer brad^te

©entfd^e mit nad^ Slmerifa?

?anb^Ientc tDaren bie^ junt grofe ten


aSeld^er ©eutfd^e tDurbe gnerft in Slmerifa offent^
lid^ geel^rt?

Sffiogn iDurbe er Qttdaf)lt?




©taat ^tto

2)orf guerft?


h)ie bie


iffiie t)iele


^eter 9Kinuit





hjeld^em S'al^re be^ nennjel^nten 3a]^rf)nnbert^


©entfd^e nad^ Stmerifa?



©ie bon ^arl ©d^nrj?

<^ennen ©ie feine Siid^er liber $enr^
Slbral^am Sincoln?


fatten ©ie

if)n fiir

einen grofeen


?ebt ^axl ©d^urj nod^?


er ie ein offentlid^e^

2lmt befleibet?



fiaben bie ©eutfd^en nad^ Slme^

rifa mitgebrad^t?

SBeld^er grofee

Slmerifaner betonte ebenfaE^ ben

ber 3)eutfd^en auf




berfelben urn bie S3ereinigten


SSermanbeIn ©ie. Q^ ttjurbe ben lieben langen S:ag gegeffen unb Observe: getrunfen* 9Man finbet t)iete Slu^tttnber in biefem Sanbe^ (Sine ©efellfd^aft tiilbet fi^. Is the passive used as much in German as it is in English? Does every verb form a personal passive in German? . ®a^ taftt fxd) {)offen (possibility).iiberfefeen ©ie: ©eutfc^e finb iiberatl gu finben^ ®a^ 3c^ ift nid^t gu glauben! l)abe e^ fagen {)oren.beginners' GERMAN SBo iDurbc SBie ift 1 23 biefc 9?ebc gel^alten? SBann? S)eutf(^Ianb^ S^ergangcnfieit? SBte feinc ©egenmart? 2Ba^ benfen ©ic t)on ©eutfd^Ianb^ S^f^ri\t? §aben SBeld^er t)iele Slmerifaner beutfd^e^ Slut in il^rcn 3lbcm? Slbftammung ift Sfieobore SRoofebelt? folteti SBie Diele ®eutf(^=§ltnertfaner einigten in ben 33cr* ©taaten tDof)nen? ©ie. tt)a6 @rsaf)len @ic liber bie S)eut[d^en in §lmerifa gu fagen f)aben! Sefen ©ie bie ©arftettung! ©eben ©ie bie 23Bieberf)oIung berfelben [d^riftlic^! NOTE SSermanbeIn ©ie bie inbireft gegebene 9?ebe bon ^art ©d^ur^ in birefte $Rebe! Unb fungen! htn bireft gegebenen ©a^ in inbirette 5Rebe! fd^riftlid^. miinblic^ unb 9Ioofet)eIt^ Semer^ SBie.

!J)ent[(^er SBein unb beutfd^er ©ang! . bentfd^e Jrene. SBenn e^ ftet^ ju ©d^u^ unb Jru^e bte S3ruberltd^ Sufammenf)alt. S?on ber gtfc^ bi^ an ben Selt. ©eutfd^Ianb ilber liber alle^ in ber SSelt. liber alle^ in ber SSelt! 2. substitutes are used? Observe the Active: flexibility of He gave me a pencil. S)entfc^Ianb.^lang. 25on ber SKaa^ bi^ an 9WemeI. Un^ ju ebler 2:at begeiftem Unfer gan^e^ Seben lang* ©entfd^e grauen. ato.124 beginners' GERMAN Is the passive always used How does the when the agent is expressed? German avoid the passive voice. and what English in the use of the passive. bentfd^e Jrene. @r gab ntir einen S3Ieiftift* Mix murbe ein S3Ieifttft t)on if)m gegeben* Passive: I was given a pencil (a pencil was given me). 3)eutf(^Ianb. ©eutfc^er SSein unb beutfd^er ©ang ©ollen in ber 2BeIt befialten 3^]^ren alten fc^onen . ©eutfd^lanb iiber alte^. 5unfunbr)ter3tgfte 2lufgabe (Review) 2)eutfrf|Ianb iificr attc^ 1. S)eutf(^e granen.

ba^ auc^ 2)a^ Sicb ber ^eutfd&en genannt toirb* . (gtfd^ ift im ©ilben don ©eutfc^Ianb. ift ©eutfci^Ianb* gett)o^nIi($ bie Oftfee* S)a^ l^eifet 3ft bie 2)?emel auf beutfd^em iBoben? SBo liegen bie anberen ®ert)(iffer? alle^ auf ber 3eigen ©ie Cartel S)eutfd^Ianb^ aSarum fieifet e^ im Often unb nic^t don ®eutf(^Ianb? 2Ba6 fann iffiie man ©ie anftatt ftet^ noc^ fagen? toiirben ©ie ju ©d^u^ unb 3:ru^ au^briiden? {e^t SBerftel^en ba^ ?ieb? ©ingen ©ie e^! ?emen ©ie fo e^ filr bie nad^ften ©tunben au^lDenbig. fojufagen ein Seil be^ S3altifc^en 5D?eere^. ha^ ©ie e^ aud^ fd^reiben fonnen! Hoffmann don galter^Ieben ift ber ©id^ter biefe^ (feit 5RationalIiebe6 ber ©eutfd^en 1871). S3Iuf)c beutfd^e^ SSaterlanb! Hoffmann unb t)on Sallcr^Icbcn. 2)?aa^. S)ie gjJaa^ im SBeften bon ®eutf($Ianb. unb bcr im 9^orben don iBaltifd^e 2)?eer Selt. bie 2JJenteI ift bie (gtfd^ [tub gliiffc.beginners' GERMAN Sitiigfeit 12$ unb dtt^t unb J^^^tl^^it gur ba^ ©attach beutfd^e SSaterlanb. lafet un^ alte ftreben SBruberlid^ tnit ^ers unb ^anb! ginigfeit unb 9?e(^t unb gretf)eit ©inb be^ ©liide^ Unterpfanb. 2Bo? aWemel ift tm Often ©eutfd^Ianb^. nW im ®te 2)te S)te ©lanje btefe^ ©lilde^.

bann tief bi^ nad^ Ungarn unb norbmart^ nad^ Snglanb. beftrebt. n)enngleid^ bie fd^en romani^ ben 9?ationen. t)e^ ©tamme unter ben erften fraftbotten @ad^[pater in ber 3^it bann unter ben ^ol^enftaufen unb Seutfd^^errenorben^ erlDiefen bie 5)eutfd^en i^ren S3emf ^olonifatoren ber 9lorb^ unb Oftmarfen in l^eifeen aU ^ampfen ^reuj^ gegen SBenben unb ^reufeen. bie iBIiltejeit ber beutfd^en ^anfa.. Unb fd^on balb nad^ ber (gtni= rgung ber beutfd&en fenfaifern. l^inein bem ©iiben unb ©panien unb 'h)ieber SBeften gefiil^rt. 3^^ cS^it ber aU bie italienifd^en ^anbel^ftdbte mel^r in ben SSorber^ bllil^ten bie SBoJ^npIct^e grunb traten. bie baran ^auptteil reid^e ^n^befonbere tDaren gugger unb SBelfer. Ulm unb 9^iimberg» S)ie Sntbedfung neuer ^anbel^tDege am Stu^gang be6 9WitteI' altera fanb bie S)eutfd^en nid^t untcttig. Tlit ber ®eh)innung ber Oftfee begann jiige. ©ie fid^ tiaben glotten au^ fpanifd^en C^afen au^gel^en ta[fen tDiirgfianbel beteiligt. bie neuen fid^ ffierfel^r^der^ l^ciltniffe bienftbar su madden.®ott er^altc ^^xaxii ben ^aifer^'' 5cdjsunbDter3tgfte ^ufgabe S)eutfc^tattb^ Stettung in bcr aBcttrt)irtf(^aft 3n IBoIfe ben 3^iten ber SBoIfemanbemng innetDol^nenbe SBanbertrieb bie l^at ber bem bentfc^en ©ermanenfttintme nad^ ^talien^ granfreid^. Slug^burg. l^atten. ^aufteute in Slug^burg. ©oc^ .126 beginners' GERMAN S)ic aWelobie rill^rt Don ^atjhn f)tx unb tft glcid^^ Seitig bie 9WeIobic fiir bie ofterrcid^ifd^e S^ational^ l^^tnne: . nad^ Slfrifa. unb am fpanifd^en ®e= ja felbft gu (groberungen unb Slnfiebe* [ie lungen auf frembem SBoben finb tDurbe be[e^t [ortge[d^ritten» S3enejuela unb foHte rid^tiger SBeI[erIanb tieifeen. bie ^ortugiefen unb ©panier. im ©Uben S)eutfd^lanb^ auf: SBien.

bent cine glotte fefilte. l^aupt^ nad^ 9?orbanterifa» l^aben ntefir ©eit betn Slnfang be^ 19» ^af)x^ aWiHionen S)eutfd^e fid& l^unbert^ aU 5 neue . leiber oft gu feinem ©d^aben> Slufeerbem allmfifilid^ ^ennt- ni^ ber frentben ©prad^en bei un^ breitung gelangt tt)ie gu fold^er SSer^ unntittelbare faunt anber^lDO. ber 33ater griebric^^ be^ ©rofeen. ber !Die SSeranlaffung jur SnttDidflung tiouxbe iiberfeeifd^en ^ntereffen ©eutfd^Ianb^ aber fftd^Iid^ bie beutfd^e Hu^tDanberung. bie ©d^opfung einer ^anbel^flotte unb bie ®riin= trofe bung einer ^olonie in SBeftafrifa^ ^m S'al^re 1683 tdavb be^ ©infprud^^ eiferfiid^tiger SKcid^te t)on einem 2:eile ber ^lifte 33efife ergriffen. ber 9[BeIt{)anbeI^ntad^te S)er ©inn fiir frembe^ SSoIf^tunt unb frentbe (gigenart Wax in !Deutfd^Ianb intnter tioax bie rege.beginners' GERMAN ol^nc 1 2/ Untcrftil^ung burd^ ba^ dtd^. n)nrben bie beutfd^en ^olonifatoren intmer ntel^r au^ i^ren be^ ^anbel^bejiel^ungen berbrangt^ ©reifeigiftl&rigen !Dte 8rauent)oIten 3^iten ^riege^ Dollenbeten bm SSerfalt be^ beutfd^en riff en ^anbete ju 8anb unb gur ®ee* ba^ bentfd^e 6rbe an fid^» ^^oHanb nnb gnglanb SBol^I berfud^te ber ©rofee ^nrfiirft. Uber 200 ^al^re litt ba^ beutfd^e 3Solf unter feinen ungliidf^ feligen politifd^en SSerl^altniffen. tioav ber in ber ©c^nle ber ^ottanber ]^erangen)ad^fen unb bie 33ebeutung be^ 9Keere^ al^ Ouelle ber 33oIfergr6fee fennen ge^ lemt ijattt. ba^ i^ort ®ro6=griebrid^^burg erric^tet. unb griebrid^ 2BiIf)eIm S3efife L. e^ mar meerfremb gen)orben^ unb bent SJiidfgang be^ gelDerblid&en ?eben^ folgte nottDenbiger^ meife ber be^ geiftigen^ 9^ur langfant bereitete dttif)t fic^ ber Sintritt !Deutfd^Ianb6 in bie \)ov. ber erfte preufeifd^e l^atte fiir ^onig griebrid^ I*^ biefe 33eftrebungen iDenig ^tttereffe. unb 3lber t)er]^eifeung^t)oIIe §anbel^besief)ungen tDurben eroffnei fd^on fein 9?ad^foIger. bie t)erfaufte feinen fiir an ^oIIanbifd^-SBeftinbifd^e ^ontpagnie 6000 ©ufaten.

Slnberfeit^ aber finb e^ in erfter ?inie bie SSerfefir^bejie^ungen jn Slmerifa getnefen. S)a^ in ben ©df)u^gebieten 2)?arf gefd^a^t. Sbenfo tDenben 3)eutfd^en in ben amerifanifd^en Sanbem in gunefimenbem SJJafee bem 53au t)on . f)auptfa(^lt(^ in 9^orbamertfa. bie ben ^anbel nnferer §anfaftabte tDieber empor^ ber oftlid^en brad^ten^ SInf ^albfngel iDurbe perft Sf)inap 3aptJti offnete gu S3eginn ber 60er feine bie bann 3nbien 3abre be6 S3erfe^r» erf(^Io[fen. betneifen bie in feeifd^en ^eit errid^teten bie iBanfen.2 9KiItiarben 9Karf l^at. bie unfer S?aterlanb baburd^ eriitt. befifeen ©eutfd^en bebeutenbe ^anbel^nieberlaffungen mit ^ttvaU tigen. unb e^ bel^errfd^t fieute ein ©ebiet bon bem giinffad^en feiner eignen ©ro^e. unb t)origen 3ai^t*[)unbert^ ^afen bent bentfc^en Don ©eutfd^Ianb an^^ ^cutt t)oI{enb^ nmfpannen laufenben S5er!e]^r^faben. SBeftinbien. befonber^ in Tlittth unb ©iibanterifa. ber getnaltige ©umme auf ben 12. entfallen | ©eel^anbeL 3n bie Stmerifa. e6 ftel^t fontit unter ben ^olonialmctc^ten l^infic^tlic^ be^ gldd^eninfialt^ feiner 53efi^nngen fd^on an britter ©telle. oft ben SBert dieler aKitlionen befi^enben SBarenlagem. ©ie tft tDirtfc^aftlid^e (gtn= bufee. bie je^t anc^ nad) 5lnftralien nnb ber ©xibfee ]^innbersief)en. grofe. 9Wejifo unb ben Sctnbem ber Safe ber beutfd^e beutfd^en iiber^ fiiblid^en ©olbfiifte f)aben fid^ beutfd^e erf)eblidfter ^lantagenbefifeungen ju SBid^tigfeit entporgefd^tnungen. ben gangen (grbball ©eit 53eginn ber 80er SJeil^e S'al^re ift ha^ 3)entf(^e 9?eid^ in bie ber ^olonialnxctd^te eingetreten.128 SGBol^nfx^e tt)o iefet beginners' GERMAN m ber ^xemiic. gefiid^t. 3n 99?ittelanterifa. 8-9 ajjiltionen ©eutfc^e leben. angelegte Capital (gin= h)irb auf 240 SKillionen nnb beren aWiltionen unb 1903 t)on bereit^ 67 mart 1904 erreid^t betmg SSom ©efamttDerte be^ §lu^fuf)rf)anbel bie beutfd^en Slu^enl^anbel^. ^anbel in §lnxerifa aud^ mefir unb md)x mit bem iiingfter fid^ Capital arbeitet.

unb an btn mit plantagen t)on ^amaii lionen ift beutfd^e^ . gum beutfd^en ^olonialbereid^ gef)ort» §luf Xat)iti [inb ^i^dfer^^ ebenfalte gaftoreien in beutfc^em 33efi^. iiber 100. toie au^tDcirtiger . trcid^tlic^ tft bie unb tDieberum be* Slnlage beutfd^en ^apitaB in htn [iibafrifani^ fc^en 93?inen. etngertcf) tet. bem gangen (grbenrunb am gortfd^ritt ber SBie h)unberbar nun aud^ ©eutfd^Ianb^ getDad^fen. btc c6 bortfelbft beft^t.000 ®eutf($e! Sluc^ ba^ ©libfeegebiet al^ e^ fommt fiir un6 nic^t blofe infotDeit in ^etrad^t. grofeen lichen SBert. ^n ©d^angfiai arbei:= tet bie S)eutf($:=2lfiatif(^e 53anf. beutfc^en ®elbe^ ift ba im glufe! ^aum geringer finb bie 93ilbung^beftrebungen be^ beutfd^en S3oIfe^ iiber fen. beutfc^er beutf(i^er ^apitaliften^ ^ngenieure unb yix(i)t gering finb bie beutfdfien SBirtfc^aft^intereffen [ogar in Sluftralien unb ber ©iibfee.beginners' GERMAN (gifettbal^nen ju* S5tele 1 29 gabrifen ftnb tnit beutfd^etn Capital unb bielfac^ fogar tnit beutfc^em TOatertd 9?etd^. beutfd^e Offigiere unb beutfd^e 5D?iffionare auf 9Wenfd^f)eit. ©ee gert)ad^= 9ieben ben beutfd^en ^aufleuten arbeiten beutfd^e Sefirer. beutfc^e gorfd^er. beutfd^e ©umatra unb anbern ^nfeln.^anbel toie grofe feine Slu^manberung. bie iDid^tig feine ^otonien tuerben mogen: SBurjeIn beutfd^er ^raft unb .S'apital t)ielen Wih Mart beteiligt* SBeld^ riefenl^afte @umme beutfd^er ^raft. 3^ btefem (grbteil beftel^t eine grofeere Slngal^I 2)?it beutfc^er i^attovtkn unb ®e[(^aft^f)aufer* beutfd^em fef)r Capital [tnb mel^rere S3a{)nen gebaut. ?eben bod^ in Sluftralien felbft. 2lu(^ Slfrifa f)at filr ba^ ©eutfd^e unb gtDar nic^t blo^ tt)irtf($aft== burc^ bie ^olonten. unb bie Heinafiatifci^en S3af)nen finb gum grofeten SEeile ba^ SBerf beutfc^er ©eologen. -3n Hfien finben fid^ beutfc^e ^anbel^nieberlaf[ungen Don gaftoreien nnb 'ipian:^ Singapore tagen auf bi^ 3BIabi)t)o[tof. beutf c^en ©eifte^. einfc^Iiefelic^ 5neu^©eelanb.

Unablaffig l^eifet anbauernb. nur gortfd^ritt auf alien ©cbietcn bc^ (gblen abcr bic opferfreubigc ^ingabe an gilrft c^ auci^ in fiinftigen S^^i^^ txuf fciner unb ©uten. alte^ tun tDoHcn* 2Rarf? SBarum $Die fagt man: Diele 9)?iIIionen garben ber beutfd^en ga{)ne finb fd^hjarj. neibifd^* l^eifet 25erl^ei6ung^t)o(t t)oIl t)on SJerl^^ifeungcn. SScrfpred^ungen. !Die ©d^otte ift ber S3oben. §6^c ^ciftbcd. SBelttDirtfd^aft bebcutet intcmationaler §anbcL ^reussUge toaxm gj pcbitioncn gntbcdfung jum ^reujc. h)ei6. (cf. ©elel^rte. SSerbrctngen bebeutet forttreiben. ®rauent)oIl Siferfiid^tig l^eifet furd^tbar. fortiDafirenb. rot* . fd^redHid^* ift mifegunftig. groceries. ©rtDartungen. SI. 2)ie Siubufee bebeutet S3erluft (ma^ berloren ift)» gorfd^er finb 2)?anner ber SBiffenfd^aft.130 beginners' GERMAN Im Sobcn ber bcutfd^cn ^citnat. Dor alltm unb SBaterlanb tDcrbcn erl^altcn. Opfer fid^ l^ingeben. freubig (iDilten^) fein. Unterftii^en l^eifet l^clfcn English: support). f)at bcutfd^cr ©rofec liegen 9iur unablaffigc Slrbeit auf j^cimatlid^er ©d^oltc SBolf toiebcrum ju 9)?ad^t ba^ bcutfd^c unablfifftger unb ©rofee gcflil^rt. l^eifet Opferfreubig fein gu bringen. ©rabc. bie @rbe. !J)ie ift ba^fclbc n)ic Sluffinbung (Sr^ finbung)» ©etDiirjc fieifet auf englifd^ spices.

c^ gar ju fd^on!" roifet il^r ja. Qn boltcm Jrabe ciltcn erftaunten. „yiun bcnn. i^r cuc^ gu fagte S'nngcn/' crmibcrtc bcr ^rinj. . bafe cr un^ cttDa^ fo ©d^onc^ faufcn fann. mit fcl^nfiici^tigcn iBIidcn bic trat f)ingn bort au^gclcgtcn ^crrlid^fcitcn bctrad^tctcn* @r t)on unb bclaufd^tc cine SBcilc il^r finblid^c^ ©cplaubcr^ J)ann fragtc all cr fie mit freunblid^cr 9Wicnc." bcr ^nabc barauf nnb fd^autc bcm ^ringcn mit feinen blaucn Slugcn brcift in^ ©cfid^t. an einem Slbenb furj bor SBciJ^nad^tcn o{)ne ^Segleitung burd^ bic ©trafeen.unfer 25atcr l^at nid^t fo bid ®clb. anttDoxtett rafc^: . bann tDilt id^ cucr SBeii^nad^t^mann fcin!" 9?ad^ bicfcn SBortcn trat bcr *iPrina in ben Saben. aB fie in bcm 2abtn tvav.®ort i[t ba^ ©d^iff. bic nid^t tDcnifl crful^rcn..SUPPLEMENTARY READING (Lessons 36-41) 5Priti5 aBili^elm al^ fjrcunb bcr Kinber 51B ^aifcr SBil^cIm IL noc^ fc^ritt cr aU ^ring in ^ot^bam Icbte.. bic htn ^rinjcn nid^t !anntcn. tt)a^ il^nen benn ben fd^onen ©ingcn am bcftcn gcficle. mer bcr SBcil^nad^t^^ mann il^rer ^inber gcn)cfcn $! ©nficllcn unb $. fanftc ba^ ©d^iff unb ilbcrrcid^tc c6 btn ^nabcn. 131 . Dcr altcfte bcr bcibcn 33riibcr." „yiun. ®a fal^ cr t)or bent ©d^aufenfter cine^ bic ©pieln)aren8efd^aft^ gmei ^naben ftefien. Xtd^ntv. bie t)or freubigem ©d^redE fie faum cin 9Bort bc^ S)anfc^ fanben. „fo SBcil^nad^tcn ma^ n)unfd^cn fiinnt. nad^ ^anfc gu ben (Sltcrn." „®a^ gcl^t nid^t. §crr ?cntnant.

. l^abt ftarfere &lkbtv. l^unbert grofee Saler @iner nad^ bent anbern ftrengte leber alte feine ^rcifte an. ift unb gar fagte nad^ langem t)ergebUd^en SSemil^en: „(g^ nid)t moglid^.132 beginners' GERMAN @ta6e mttemanber unein^ fie 2)ie ficficn (gin SSater l^attc fteben ©ol^ne. „(gi/' riefen bie ©ol^ne. be^ 33ater^ um bie ©of)ne nad^ bent SEobe um xi)v grbteil ju bringen* 3)a liefe ber el^rrt)urbige ®rei^ eine^ Jage^ die fieben ©of)ne bie feft jn^^ jnfamnxenfomnten. famnxengebunben tdavm. unb niemanb tDirb eud^ iibermaltigen fdnnen. fo ift e^ mit eud^. bie f)ier jerbrod^en auf bem 53oben um{)erUegen. meine ©ol^ne. fo gef)t e^ eud^ toie ben ©tciben. unb biefe^ fagte: „©enxienigen jal^Ie id^ don eud^." S)a ber S3ater . if)r unb la^t euern ftieg ©obn laufen. legte if)nen fieben ^tixbt t)or. [id^ biefe Uneinigfeit inmii^t ju madden. bie ofter^ tDurben.ift nid^t^ leid^ter. fo fonnte e^ ein fleiner ^nabe!'' 3)er 25ater aber fprad): „^k e^ mit ben ©tciben if)r ift." (gr lofte ba^ SSiinbel auf unb gerbrad^ einen ©tab nad^ bent anbern mit geringer SKltfie..'' ©tcibe ent^tDeibrid^t. tDerbet if)r beftel^en. SBirb aber ba^ S3anb ber (Sintrad^t. folt. S3ater." ©eltfanter ©^^asicrritt (gin 5D?ann reitet tuf feinem (gfel nad^ §au^ unb lafet reitet feinen Suben gu gufe nebenl^er laufen. ift ^ommt ba^ ii)v ein SBanberer unb fagt: . Uber betn 3txtifen unb ©trcitcn bcrfaumten bie %xbdt -3a. ©olange feft jufammenl^altet.. einige bdfe 3)?enfd^en l^atten im ©inne. ber ^iinbel bar." „Unb bod^/' fagte ber S3ater.©a6 nid^t red^t. „fo ift e^ freilid^ leid^t. ba^ eud^ t)erbinben aufgeloft.

ift ^ommt ein ein britter SSanber^mann unb fagt: .. er foHe ^afeen nac^ 2)?einingen fa^ren unb eine ^a^e faufen. fid^ gar nid^t mti)x gu "ipiage liefe balb lo^ fein. ©0 red^t tDeit fann^^ fommen. jtDet ^erle auf einem fd^tDac^en 2:iere? ©oltte man nic^t einen ©tod nel^men unb eu($ beibe J^inabjagen?" felbbritt gu gufe. re($t^ ®a linf^ ftiegen beibe ai unb gingen unb ber 53ater Dierter unb ©ol^n unb in ber fagt: 9Kitte ber gfeL ^ommt ein SBanber^mann unb „^^v feib brei furiofe ©efelten. bafe er bergeffen.SUPPLEMENTARY READING Dom ein 133 @fel f)erab unb liefe ben ©ol^n rettcn. bap bn unb Ictffeft betnen 93ater p gufe g^^^tx. fuf)r mit feinem ^ned^t Sluf unb bie faufte eine ^afee fiel um ein gute^ ©titdf ©elb. trenn e^ l^alb feine 2)?aufe guriidf. (gfel bie ge!)en? ®ef)t'^ ni($t menu einer t)on euc^ reitet?" 3)a banb ber S5ater bem borbem Seine sufantmen. bafe fold^ ein Jier aud^ leben fanbte be^= freffe. moKe. fid^ ^eimtDeg if)m bei.3Ba^ ba^ fiir Un^ tierftanb. 3ft'6 nic^t genug. ben ^ned^t angufragen. unb 3?atten mef)r gcibe. iiingere 33eine»'' ®a fafeen beibe auf unb ritten eine ©trede. ^a^e freffe. ju erhinbigen. tdtnn man e^ alien Seuten tdill madden. unb ber ©ol^n banb gufammen. if)m bie f)intern S3eine ftarfen S3aumpfaf)I burd^. iDenn jtDei ju gufe leid^ter. SSurfd^e. ber an ber ©trafee unb trugen ben @fel auf ber Sld^fel I)eim. gogen einen ftanb. benn biefe^ 2^ier t)ertilgte bie 9>}(tufe* ©a^ bem tt)a^ ber W:arm fid^ nid^t jtDeimal fagen. fo tDilrbe er ber @in SSirt f)atte Diel 5D?aufe l^elfen. tda^ bie ^afee unb . ^omntt bu l^aft inieber SBanber^mann unb retteft fagt: „®a6 ift ntc^t red^t. SSie bie SSafuttger eine Sa^e fauften im §aufe unb ^Ratten unb tDufete ®amal^ gab e^ aber nod^ feine in SBafungen* S)a tDurbe bem SSirt angeraten. benn er htha(iite.

tok fd^loer unb unmoglid^ e^ fei...134 ful^r cinfttDeilen v^perr BEGINNERS"^ nad^ ^aufe* GERMAN 2Ste ber ^ned^t anfant. S)u l^aft nid^t^ al^ ben SSiberf)aIt beiner eignen SBorte. ^'nbeffen finb biele bon fold^en 2)?enfd^en nid^t fd^Iimm. unb tDenn man fie nur im* mer red^t fennte. in btn SBalb fiinein.. . fud^te l^ierauf §llte l^allten getreulid^ tDieber @r t)ermeinten . l^opp!" l^opp!" ©ogleid^ rief^ fiierauf Der- tm nat)tn SBalbd^en aud^: (gr rief n)unbert: „SBer bift bn?" bu?" @r ^unge!'' lid^ [d^rie: „T)Vi bift ein l^allte ©timme rief aud^: „3Ser bift bummer 3^unge!" unb „bummer — e^ au^ bem SBalbe (irgere prildf* - ©eorg toaxb avQtv^ ben unb rief immer ©d^impfnamen gurildE. S)ie nid^t^ bon bent SBiberl^alt* @inmal fd^rte er auf ber SSiefe: „§o. fragte ber frifet neugierig: „9^un. unb red^t mit ibnen . 3)ie abutter fprad^: .^naben rcid^en.J)ie^^ mal l^aft bid^ felbft angeflagt. tvia^ ^. tDie ein bofer i8ube fid^ im SBalbe t)emommen berftedft unb bu il^n gefd^impft l^abe. fonbem nur tDunberlid^. alte^!'' mx ber iDieber^oIte iBefd^eib. inloenbig unb au^h)enbig. um fid^ an if)m ju fonnte aber niemanb finben* ^^ierauf lief er nad^ §aufe unb flagte e^ ber 3)?utter.3a.@{. bef)ut un^ ®ott bor fo einem Jier!'' ©prad^'^ Htib [d^idte bie ^a^e augenbltdlid^ mieber ^uriid* 2)er SBibctl^att J)er fleine ©eorg tou^tt nod^ „^o. im ganjen SBcilbd^en. mSre bir aud& ein freunblid^e^ guriidfgefommen*'' 2)a^ aWittagcffen im ^ofc Tlan flagt l^aufig bariiber. mit mand^en 9Kenfd^en au^jufommen* ®a^ mag benn freilid^ aud^ tr)ai)v fein. lid^e^ ^atteft bu ein freunb^ fo SBort in btn SBalb l^ineingerufen.Sllte^?" bie SIntmort — bte ^a^e?" — „3lIIe^!" iDar .

S)ie Suft fo l^eiter. ntc gu cigenftnntg unb nic gu nad^gtcbtg. lt)a^ foil ba^ fein?'' fragte ^err unb ful^r mit brof)enbem Sovn ertoiberte gang fait t)on bem ©effel auf* 5lber ber S5ebiente id^ unb rul^ig: ^SSergeil^en l^abe* ©ie mir. aber genug. iBeutel mit ®elb» ©ogleid^ fie llbergab er il)n ber Obrigfeit ber ncid^ften ©tabt. ©0 fam fefetc fid^ einmal ber §err aWittageffen. toenn 3f)re aWeinung nid^t erraten toollten l^eute in ^d^ glaubte nid^t anber^. ^immel bliil^t. iDoran er unfd^ulbtg iDar. ©ie nur. n)ie c^ oft gef)t. unb tat toav\ fie burd^ l^ierauf ba6 offne genfter in ben §of SBa^ ber S)iener? ^urg befonnen ftellen tDolIte.SUPPLEMENTARY READING umjugcl^en iDare tft 135 njllfetc. fo blau. al^ ift ©ie ber bem ^ofe unb fel^en fpeifen.. ba^ er eben auf btn Xi\^ mir nid^t^ bir S3rot. toie lieblid^ ber Slpfelbaum l^alten!" unb toie frol^lid^ bie S3ienen il^ren 9}Jittag — ©ie^mal bie ©uppe l^inabgetoorfen l^eiterte fid^ unb nimmer! ®er §err erfannte feinen gel^ler. fo mand^er iDol^I unb leid^t gur iBeftnnung gu bringeti^ ©a^ S)em bielc^ bod^ einem S3ebicnten tnit fctnem ^errn gelungen. ber tt)a^ no(^ . fonnte cr mand^mal gar ni($t^ red^t madden unb mu^te entgelten. bamit ben S)a fagte fein ^amerab gu il^m: „^a9 . toarf er ha^ gleifd^. nid^t^. im Slnblidf be^ fd^onen griil^' ling^fiimmel^ auf. n)ar. bann ba^ bann ben SBein unb barauf tDar* ba^ 2^ifd^tud^ mit attem. 3tt)ei niiffett e^ @in ^anbtoerf^burfd^e fanb einen ©igentiimer ermittle. fel^r t)erbriefelid^ nad^ ^aufe l^eife unb obcr t)er* gum ®a n)ar bie ©uppe gu gu fait ober feine^ t)on beiben. toa^ barinnen l^inab. ber ©uppe nad^ aud^ in ben enblid^ ^of l^inab. ber §err toax briefeltd^* (gr fafetc ba{)er bic ©d^ilffel mit bem. feine^ 2lufrt)(irter^ Icid^elte l^eimlid^ iiber ben fd^nelten (Sinfall fiir bie unb banfte il^m im Bergen gute Sel^re.33ern)egener.

barum: mein ©ott.. unfre ^inber unb ^inbe^finber unb braud^en feine fremben amten ©iinber bran!" gel^enft iDurbe* Sitten alfo nid^t. balbe bu aud^* ®octH . S)ie S3ogeIein fd^tDeigen im SBalbe* nur. ben i^ ric^tct. fie il^m ein ©tiid ®elb unb fagten er folk fid^ feiner SSege padfen i^abe* unb fid^ l^enfen laffen. 3n alien SSipfeln ©piireft bu ^aum iffiarte dlvif)t\t einen ^aud^. unb mein ba^ mtd^ ^er aSafunger Stabtgalgcn Oberl^alb SBafungen im Jfiuringerlanbe [tanb auf etnent ^iigel feitoart^ ber Sanbftrafee em alter ©algen. bafe jener fie ©ieb baran fie Unb ba gaben nun ntd^t iDufeten. ber gel^orte ber ©tabt njerben* etgentlimlid^* 9lun iDurbe einmal ein frember 3)teb eingebrad^t unb follte an ben SBafunger ©tabtgalgen l^aben ge{)enft 3)a traten aber bte SBafunger $Rat^f)erren bagegen . rebe tnir nic^t alfo! (S^ iDufeten gh)et ®ert)iffen. ha\^ bu e^ gefunben ®er ^anbtDerf^burfd^e gab jur §lnth)ort: „0." filrd^te. tDa^ mit if)m il^m.2Btr l^ier auf unb fprad^en: einen ©algen fiir un^.136 fiir eiti beginners' GERMAN 2:or btft bu! ^citteft bu ba^ ©elb ntd^t bel^alten fon^ l^atteft?'' nen? 28er iDufete e^ benn. anfangen follten. tt)o er 8uft SBanbtetg JRa^tUeb tiber alien ©ipfein Sft 9Ju^.

tt)eite ®en S)em fd^idt er in bie tDitl er [cine SBelt.SUPPLEMENTARY READING 2)er froi^e aBattbcrj^mann 1. gerd^en. tDcifen SSunber 3fn JBerg unb SBalb unb ©trom unb gclb^ 2. ©ie gerd^en SBa^ STn^ botler [c^toirren l^od^ Dor Suft: foltt^ td^ nid^t mtt il^nen ftngen ^e^F unb ©ott laff frifc^er Sruft? 3. . S)er Sad^Iein. I37 SBem ®ott tDiH red^te ©utift ertDcifen. t)on (Sic^cnborff. 35te iBad^Iem Don ben iBergen fpringen. J)en lieben id) nur toalten. SBalb unb gelb Unb @rb^ unb ^immel tr)iH erl^alten. ^at aud^ mein ©ad^' auf^ beft' be[tetlt! 3ot.

was taking a walk one day in his park. he A who was sleeping in the shade of a tree. But in a short time. Soon the first maid said to the second: ^'How is it that you can laugh when you are carrying just as heavy 138 ." is the reason why I am So the master forgot his anger. as the weather was very warm. the rain ceased and the bright sun came through the clouds. very heavy drops fell upon the scholars school out. It had been only a sudden to seek a place heavy shower. and black clouds were came out into the street. all the time. latter The the gardener calmly replied: **That lying in the shade. not fit for the sun to shine upon. When the nobleman found his servant resting instead of working. was dark. But saw his gardener. he became very angry. a sudden. As he was walking around.REPRODUCTIONS Lesson 27 When gan to All of in the sky. had not expected his master. Lesson 31 Two maids were going to a large town with heavy baskets of fruit which they carried on their heads. at first only a few drops. who owned a beautiful garden. Lesson 29 nobleman. and called the man a rogue. One of them was grumbling. it berain. then more and more. while the other joked about her work. it was As the scholars who were running where they could find shelter.


1 39

a basket as I am carrying? Are you stronger than I?'' '^No/' answered the second girl, ^^my basket is not lighter than yours and I am not stronger than you, but I do not


heavy load because I have a precious herb with This precious herb is that makes my burden lighter.
Lesson 32




industrious farmer



soil for

us and plants


small grains of corn.

into high stalks with
fine flour



The corn grows by and by The miller makes of corn.

out of the corn, and the baker bakes bread from


fond of good bread.

Lesson 33



German Emperor in the new empire was Wilwho reached the ripe old age of almost ninety-one



erick III

he died in 1888, his sick son ascended the The second German Emperor was called Fred-

and was a favorite with the German people.


he died after he had been Emperor for only ninety-nine


German Emperor


the present ruler of

the Fatherland.- William II was born in 1859.

His wife

Auguste Victoria, and they have seven children,


and one



oldest son has the title of


Lesson 34

The new German Empire has been
Franco-Prussian war

in existence since the

since 187 1.

considerably larger than the

The United States is German Empire but has a

population only one third greater than that of Germany.

The King

of Prussia

— Prussia

the largest kingdom




German Emperor.

In case of an attack, he has

the right of declaring war, and

the sole representative of

the Empire in negotiations with foreign powers.

The Em-



commander-in-chief of the army and navy.


he has not the veto-power.
the twenty-six states there are four kingdoms:




and Wlirttemberg.



states send plenipotentiaries to the Federal Council,


convenes in Berlin, the capital of Prussia and of the German

The German citizens elect their own representaThe Emperor, the Federal Council, and Parliament make laws and determine the budget for
tives to Parliament.

the Empire.

Besides Berlin, the largest and most important



Hamburg, Munich,


and Dresden.

Lesson 37

merchant whose dog was very watchful had been day to market, where he had made a good deaJ of money. On his way home he lost his money-bag without noticing it. The faithful dog, who had seen the money fall, began to bark so loud that his master beat him. The The dog, however, did not stop but kept on barking. merchant then shot his dog, because he thought the animal had gone mad. After a while he discovered the loss of his money and rode back to find it. At the very place where his money had dropped, his faithful dog lay dead.


riding one

Lesson 38

A dog which had stolen a large piece of meat was crossing a small river on a narrow plank. When he saw his own



picture in the clear water, he dropped the meat, for he

thought that he had seen another dog with a piece of meat. So in the end he had nothing at all, because he had been
too greedy.

Lesson 39


York, April

19, 191 2.



Your letter of the i6th inst. reached me yesterday. If you could come to see me Saturday next, I should be very


obliged to you.


could then talk matters over at



to hear

from you soon, I remain, with kindest

Yours very

Lester Jones.
Lesson 40
Schools are either private or public institutions.


have the public schools


The purpose

of all the

schools, of course, is to educate the

youth of the land in
so as to beto

those matters which


must know


useful citizens.

Those children who do not care

attend a public school


go to private institutions.

Everybody, however, has to attend school between the ages
of six

and fourteen


After that, children



school and go to work.

Lesson 41

One day a man was traveling on foot on a highway. Toward evening he was overtaken by a coachman, who seemed to be in a great hurry, as he was beating his horses



The wanderer


sorry for

the animals and

asked the driver
afterwards the


he was hurrying



latter said

he wanted to reach the town before




overtook a wagon lying by the roadit

and knew that

belonged to the driver
It is



had seen a short time
haste slowly.


worth while to make

Lesson 42

A man who

had three


was summoned

to court.

asked his friends to go with him to be his witnesses.
however, forsook him in the hour

His two very best
of need


and did not appear before the judge. The third whom he had felt indifferent, was the only

one who gladly rendered testimony in his behalf.


are the three friends of


Are they not money, friends, and good deeds? By what friends is everyone forsaken after death? Who alone finds mercy before God?


Declension of the Definite Article:

Declension of the Indefinite Article:


Declension of the Personal Pronouns. Declension of the Interrogative Pronouns. Declension of the Relative Pronouns. Declension of Nouns:



A, Weak.
B, Strong.
C, Mixed.


Declension of Adjectives:

A, Strong.


(and Mixed).



of Adjectives

and Adverbs.




Conjugation of Auxiliaries of Tense:





Conjugation of Modal Auxiliaries. Conjugation of Weak Verbs: Active and Passive. Conjugation of Reflexive Verbs.

Weak Verbs. Compound Verbs: Inseparable,

Separable (Varia-

Conjugation of Strong Verbs and List of Strong

mem bein. feine. ener if)r. tf)re. if)r mx. meld^e^. jene. fein mem. II. eine. mand^e. ia§ are declined: mand^er. i^r tf)re. manci^e^. biefe. fold^e^. fein . fold^e. Plural NEUTER ba^ be^ bent bie Norn. tDeld^er. unfer euer. iener. jeue^. 3^r) fein. Declension of the Indefinite Article. Singular MASCULINE FEMININE eine Plurai^ NEUTER ein eine^ (eintge) Nom. biefer. beginners' GERMAN Declension of the Definite Singular MASCULINE FEMININE bic Article. meld^e. feine. ber Gen. bem ben ben bie ba^ ®er-woRDs Like ber. eure. unf(e)re. be^ ber ber bie ber DaL Ace. jebe^ (Plural: alle). meme. ein are declined: fein. Gen. bie. 3^re. bief e^^. (fein. fold^er. bein unfer. jebe. feln tf)r. beine. eitt eine^ einer (einiger) DaL Ace. feine. jeber.144 I. einem einen einer eine einem ein (einigen) (einige) @tn-WORDS Like ettl.

tDeld^e beren benen. ben. meld^em bie. n)eld^e N. tneld^en bie. tneld^e^ beffen bent. tnir unfer euer t\x6) ifirer mxtt) wn^ un^ if)nen fie mntn) (®te) Ace. eud^ IV.GRAMMATICAL TABLES III. Singular MASCULINE FEMININE bie. A. meld^er beffcn bent. Dat. Singular ist Person 2d Person 3d Person MASCULINE FEMININE NEUTER fie Nom. ber. tDa^ V. tnetd^en ba6. Nom. x^n e8 Plural ist Person 2d Person i^r fie 3d Person (@te) Nom Gen. n)eld^e Plural NEUTER ba^. Dat. meld^e^ . Gen. G. Gen. 145 Declension of the Personal Pronouns. tt)el(^em beren ber. tDeld&er bte. Dat. Declension of the Relative Pronouns. ic^ bu beiner bir er feiner tf)Tn c§ feiner meiner tl)rer tf)r fie mir mid^ tfim Ace. Declension of the Interrogative \dtx tDeffen Pronouns. tDeld^e D. ma^ tDem iDen Ace.

bie Se{)rerinnen ^naben. ben ^od^tern ben ajJabd^en bie Ace.146 VI. ber . Dat. BEGINNERS GERMAN Declension A. ^ (iVo WEAK: the -n declension. Dat. Dat. Dat. bem 53ogeI ben 53ater. bie ^So^el bie muiitx. Umlaut in Plural. of Nouns. bcr 9Kenfd& ber grau. ber 2:o(^ter bie aJJutter. bie 2:od^ter beg SJJabd^en)^ gjJabd^en bem 3Satcr. Gen. bie ?ef)rerinnen bic ^naben. ber Se^rerin ber gran. Nom. ber %o^itx ber SDlabc^en ben S3atern. bie gran. bie SDtenfd^en B. bcm 9JJcnfd^cn %xau. bie Se{)rerin ben ^naben. Gen. bcr SBogel bie ay^utter. ben 2Wenfd§en bie Ace. bie SD^iitter. Nom. bie 2. bem S(^f)^(0. ben 2Kcnfci^cn P/wm. Ace. ber ?ef)rerin bie bcm Snaben.totter ber ajiutter. granen. bie 2:od^ter U^ bem 9D?ab(ftcn bc« 33ater^. bie ^iic^ter imabd^en Second Class: the -c Singular class. Ace. . ben 3^f)n. bc^ S3ogcI§ ber 9}^ntter. Gen. ber ?e^rerinnen ber ^naben. ben ?e{)rerinnen bie ben ^naben. bie granett. First Class: the No-ending Singular Nom. bic IBatcr. htn SBogeln bie 5$ater. Ge/j. bie 3SoseI ben 9)iiittern. STRONG class. bet 3«^tx. ber 2:ag be^ B^J^ne^. i>^^ 2:a9(e) Ace. btc 2)?enfd^cn ber granen. be^ Jagei^ bie ber Dat. ben Jag 1 §anb §anb ber §anb bie §anb ba^ Sal^r be^ ^cA}Xt^ bem 3of)^(0 ba^ 3af)r Nouns are to be found in the vocabulary. ben 5Sogel bag DJ^abc^en Plural Nom. Gen.) Singular Nom. ber 9}Zen[c^en ben granen.d*ter bie 9}?fibd6en ber Skater. bie Sefirerin bet ^nabc. ber SSogel ber abutter. ber SBatcr.

bie ©taaten ©taaten bie Slngen. MIXED DECLENSION Singular Norn. ber £)l)vtn ben ©taaten bie ben Slngen. bem ^cc. Dat. bie ^anbe htn ^anben bie ^anbe bcr ber ^al^re ben 3a{)rcn bie 3af)re Third Class: the -er class {always Umlaut in Plural). ber Xa^t Sage Jage bic ©finbc bic 3af)re ben 3tif)ncn. be^ ©taate^ bem ®taat(e) ben ©taat bem Singe. Da/. Singular Norn. ber S>^i)nt. htn Ol^ren bie Slngen. ber ®taat ba^ Singe. ba^ Singe.GRAMMATICAL TABLES Plural Norn. be6 O^r O^re^ Ol)r(e) Gen. bie ^cAjXit. ba^ S3ud^ be^ 93ud&e^ ber ayjann Gen. ber Siid^er ber aWanner ben Sild^em bie Slicker ben aWannem bie aWiinner C. ba^ 0()r Norn. ber ber Slngen. ba^ be^ Slngej^. Ace. Dat. Dat. ben ^^agcti bie S>'&^m. bie 147 Gew. Ace. bie S3ud&er bie ayjanner Gen. bie Ofireit Gen. Ace. bie ©taaten Oliren . be^ aWannc^ bem ba^ 93u(^(e) $iVid) bem 9Kann(e) ben ajJann Plural Norn. Ace. Dat.

Dat. bie Iieben f J 3Sater ^ 55ater Gen. ben Iieben 53ater einen Iieben 5Sater grau grau ber Iieben grau einer Iieben grau ber Iieben grau einer Iieben grau bie liebe grau eine liebe grau eine liebe liebe ein liebe^ ^inb tinb ^inbeg beg Iieben ^inbeg cineg Iieben bem Iieben ^inb(e) einem Iieben ^inb(e) t>a^ liebe ^inb ein liebe)^ f inb Plural Nom.. .. BEGINNERS' GERMAN Declension A.. Iicben heben f J ^ Dat. ber . * liebe SSiiter liebe grauen grauen grauen grauen liebe ^inber lieber 3Sater lieber lieber ^inber Iieben 3Sdtem Iieben liebe Iieben liebe ^inbem Ace.. Gen. bie Iieben . (like the definite article).. licber SSater liebe %xavi liebe^ tinb ^inbe^ Itcbc^ (-en) SSater^ liebetn SSater licbcr %xciVi Iieben (-en) DaL Ace. liebe 3$ater ^inber B. ber Itcbc 5?atcr cin liebcr 5Sater bie liebe beg Iieben 5Sater6 etneg Iieben 5Sater0 bem Iieben 55atcr einem Iieben 5Satcr Ace. .. r linbem ^ater «- Ace. STRONG Singular Nom. WEAK (and MIXED) ha^ Singular Nom. Gen. Dat. lieber liebe Iieben SSater grau grau liebem ^inb(e) Iieben Sinb Plural Nom. ben (f""'"> 1 ^.. . of Adjectives. Gen..I4« VII.

Adverb POSI- COMPARATIVE reic^er TIVE reid^ SUPERLATIVE ber reid^ftc ber armftc ber fdttefte ber fiiraefte ber befte POSI- COMPARATIVE reid^er TIVE reid^ SUPERLATIVE arm fait armcr falter fiirger arm fait armer falter filr^er Jura fiut furj bcffer gut Diet beffer Diet (mc^r) ber mei[te mel^r am am am am am am reid^ften armften fatteften fiir^eften beften meiften Adjectives in the comparative or superlative are declined in the same manner as adjectives in the positive degree. : Cardinals I ein^ 3h3ei II elf 2 12 13 StDOlf 30 40 50 60 breiftig t)ieratg 3 brel t)ier breigef)n tjter^elin fiinfselitt Wstg fed^aig 4 5 14 IS ftof fed^^ 6 7 16 17 fe(^sel)n fieiis^f)n 70 80 \khm ad^tstg fieben 90 neungig 100 f)unbert 8 ad^t 18 ac^tsel)n 19 neun^el^n 9 neun 3el)n 20 gmanaig 999 neun^unbert neunuubneunaig 1000 taufenb . biejienige ba^iemge ba^felbe biefclbc berTnein(iQ)c biemcin(i9)e ba^mcin(ig)e VIII. German uses the IX. Comparison Adjective of Adjectives and Adverbs. etc. etc. Numerals..GRAMMATICAL TABLES Like bcr berjemge berfelbe licfic 2?ater. 149 are declined: bicicnigen bie[elben bie Tnciti(ig)cn. thCf For the English predicate superlative without tttn-form.

Prepositions. 20th. loth.ISO beginners' GERMAN Ordinals ist. loooth. 3d^ ftcl^e an bent gcnftcr.g. bcr 40th.g. 6th. bcr taufcnbftc X. bcr gman^igfte bcr cinunbatDansigfte brcifetgfte t)icr^igfte bcr dicrte bcr fiinfte bcr fcc^fte 30th. XI. . bcr bcr ficb(cn)tc bcr ad^tc looth. Coordinating unb ober E. bcr clftc bcr ncunscl^nte 2d. bcr ncuntc bcr sc{)nte 200th. 19th. 2ist. bcnn unfcr ?cf)rcr fo{)fcn. 7th. 5th. 4th. 3d. abcr fonbem (allcin) \)aiit c6 be^ bcnn SBir licfcn auf bie ©trafec. abcr id^ gcl^c an ba^ %tn\itx. 9th. bcr crfte bcr gmcitc bcr brittc nth. bcr l^unbcrtfte loist. Conjunctions. WITH THE DATIVE WITH THE ACCUSATIVE burd^ filr WITH DATIVE OR ACCUSATIVE WITH THE GENITIVE h)df)rcnb mit an auf f)intcr m^ bet mcgcn trofe ol^ne ficgcti Don gu avL% fett ncbcti (an)[tatt urn in ilbcr untcr t)or aufeer gmifd^cn E. bcr f)unbcrtcrftc bcr 3tt)cif)unbcrtftc 8th.

n)at)renb tDeil m ba (bct)or) cf)C ba6 inbcm nad^bcnt tDcnn tDenngleic^ tt)ic fcitbcm bamit fobalb ate . other conjunctions are subordinating 151 SBir licfcn auf bic ©trafec. Subordinating a(^ bag fo ob ate ob obglcid^. SBir liefcn auf bic ©trafec. tocit utifcr ?cf)rcr c^ befol^Icn Cf. bie noc^ gans nag \owc.g. obtoof)! feit.GRAMMATICAL TABLES The E.

vO >C^ . s§^ "^ «> ^ S S - itL^ g ^ g ^ * bX) •I O o H s § S *^ H O H M P^ Pi g o S S O g Ph :^ 5 w .« .1 s 1 ^52 beginners' GERMAN >-» ^ o vO t:^ w > t— H U o vC5^ „- sO ^ « .-^ -»_» ^ 3 > S ^ . m . <S <33 — ~4-^ » it± >s:^ ci_- ^ :« j:i c J=i <i> » * »i^ cs CJ pq sC- >C^ M CO s^ $-> o >0 :« <u> <3 ^I::^ vc- « fi sC^ ® r?^ g O ^ QJ .

--N <i> « -0 HH fi fi « « cs ^^ fi fi <«> ". o W HH PM £^ Ph H < C/2 P^ o o H 1— s as g^ * .>£3- ii.0 ?3 fi S 1-1 Iz.I 1 1 GRAMMATICAL TABLES 153 0) ^ h-1 vO « -0 >£3- S^ €» o H I— 1 -*-» o ^^ .VC5. H s rt^ P4 © tJ s H .0 Q O sO « g « ^G^ sX^^ <33 ^c^ a >£5^ ^ » c> ^ * J=t ^ rS"^ ^ fi ^ H U M Ph P^ > H S H > M 1— M H W 2 JO vO =S fi fi Q^ ^ Ph S tJ fi H (4 H .» : ^£3^ « > f S g u H C/3 5 (4 sO sO sO ^15. rt <: s- .2.

^ U) i* fi fi <=» g S- fi » <» -< H fe Z § H O H HH H « ^ S s « O Pi s H Pij i-i o « .g S ^ .§ tJ •- S ^ ^ . :S .154 beginners' GERMAN Jz. S - .

c> s- B <» CJ H O Ph W ^ Ph ^^ o o ^.s ^ . ^— «> J-» J-» 5:? vO JO B ^ s B ^ 15 . fiS B fi 3 fi .s Vi * 'S> Q> CS3 <35 : ^ S-^ :'^ J-» ^ fi :3 ^ e trft o B B e.0 CJ a. . JS U e ^> i 1 cs >-> J<- *o * •I * vO V4 «3 ^ CO * Vi o fi ^ . fi ^S a:> B BIB o Pi p£l . .<^ .t3 42 0) c5 J=t •JTt . _ > .<^> ^ H CJ o CJ iz ® .^ i GRAMMATICAL TABLES 155 <M d .§ fi pt Q Jo M -8 }^ s S^ fi a U H O U W w <j B » fi * C33 Hi P4 ^^^ .^ M "S S B o ^ ^ * »r< H Ph Ph U HH H Ph I— B BIB B > H W Ph CO <I H O 4-> <i> Ph e ^ P ^ fi €35 Vii $=I ^0 fi o u ^a> .

5= fi s fills o JO ^t fi JO -f> jO > I— H < U Q |Sl jO iii- B B ^ Sis ^ ^ fi fi g ^ s Jo ^ ^ « ifi| fi Jo JO jO ::S <^ :3 fi .I > 156 BEGINNERS' GERMAN JO S > H t— fi J-> fi ^ B _ S o Jo ^ S o o ^ wO JO <^ ^ ^ ?-> fi .is fi S <l> 3> ^ Co jO CO H H CO H .

^ S H t3 g ptH pen .GRAMMATICAL TABLES 157 D-l C5 -^ ^ B > S Z ^ W ^ PL.0 ?-> H ^ fi }=: :^ B B S <u Jo ^ ^ H ^ £ H W S Ph P!^ S cu ^ "S . cr> 2 P y:> 6 rt q ^ Ph < PL. s S g o ^ i ^^ : a a ^ g * ^-> <L> J^ JO B JO :^ W > H l-H ® J-> <1 pl^ p-i ^ M -«-» .

-4-» o 4-> o i .-4-> 4-i d -»-> o c f^ "-» ts ?:: QS> o ^ j^ »*^ tJ ^ «-» :0 :0 «-» j=: in cT lO ."*^ «^^ »- e fis-SiS.5 -O ^ *^ o s ej -» ji: .^ ^ Pi 4^ <D Q .5 i2 *" 5 -o c g c :o ff s S m Hi «^ .iS8 beginners' GERMAN o IS 43 :0 o ^ ^ .—>^ f^ -^ a:> v>o s o o . ^ i O ^ O S £ Ei "2 lis S- trtr ^^ ^ ^ J u ^M y S <«> j:i n o :0 .•4-* -^ ~f-» ««> O O ::3 :j={ .« tr D ^ ^ ^ ^ B ^ s fi ti fi' \. eg vO JQ ^ JO B ^ « -^ .

—»^ iJ O 4-J o U .GRAMMATICAL TABLES 159 t o O ^ o B o <^ c^p o 0) O o «> Q ii fi "ti II. o « « o^ O O *> (<o ^ O Q ^ 3- 5-» s s^ tj fi > M H ^^ O C3 <D O 0) iii o o O O O e ^^ O -^ it *j <«> o o ^ O fi « -«-> H t r§^5 t5 « fi ^.4-> (L> (D «^ fi it± <^ fi QS» s 15 *r » O J^' <i> o^ a «^ ^" 3- s j=: « :0 c>" :0 vS" rt^ ^ fi S-^ '§ ^ S 5 1 s fi I 1^ .

l6o beginners' GERMAN ^ ^ CO > •3 4> ^ w I ^ ^^ ^ ¥ >^ ^4 CD WW W P< P-i ^ H W P< H W Ph P^ Ph P-i .

PL. * .>o <L> M .GRAMMATICAL TABLES l6l <L> 1 Qi -4-^ .z.^ S !t fi a r§- o o ^H ^ « "^ .o sC5 o «^ C35 ^-» O U ^ o sO V^ o ^ 2^ o ^ o H ^ >» ^ .O t> Cl> JO sQ . r?^ g a C S ^ W "^ .-4-> {j~* <L> ^ -^ ^ ss^ t:^ .^ & S w rt S p^ ^ Sq <5 W < -. .c^>c^ fi a fi H » ® U H o p^ ^ W H Pc^l 03 ^ '^ fi ^ fi !i rg^ S ^ fc t) S Ph p>^ (^ P5 p H P £5 p H P (^ b^ . < S 2 Q (U --» fi B "UM S S E . j^-^ ->=> o >-^ CO 1^ O C33 sO sO I g c> Q * O >— o c» «> %> P H ^1 ^ ^S3- ^ *' g O ^ & O a <^ * .

^®& . sO > H O -J^ vO ^ O r-Q 1. -l-> sO -M ^-- ^. * ^ » J-^ -0 JQ itL 00^ ^ ^ S tJ ^ ?-> ^ . c e >o ^^ -(-» •4-> sO 03 vO <1> JO -4-» ^ JO ^^ .l62 beginners' GERMAN o <33 > H U pq ^ ^ ^w^ -J::? -t-* ^O -^-» >2 . * £ £ "^ CO * « 1.»_» >S CO "o >S . ^t-» ^ :| a> .-» ^ -^ SJ £ £ 'a . J2 ca .^ ^ =3 -J:^ -^^ fi I s-^ fi £- ® tE ^M ^ vO ^^ CO .H <=» Q3 ^ o >r^ C53 •>o <33 CO • Jo CJ s ^ J-> ^ H ^ sif 1. CO B 3 :S CO o ^ Jo ^ ^ ?-> ^ -^ o o ^ J-> :?3 .^^ £ £ 1 £ ® Co sO s-^ H CO H Ah Ph . ^ ^ ^_» . ^ . JO -0 i-t . G3 .

G 1 Ph \A ^ 3^ ^ o W Ph fi fi u M M > H M M ^ t-l . i-i o JO -p fi U H U Ph o H I— Q o S> JO "i >o ° fi I o H . Q o .z.: -f-» ^ hH Ph 1^ o o o y:> M 5=1 .2. t g fi s CO W w _^ -M <35 fi fi B fi fi u H 5z. ^ jO J-» «".z.I GRAMMATICAL TABLES 163 o JO s JO g I o ^ S o ^^ Sis o o 1^ <: ./:> J-» fi fi fi H U H W Ph jO JO « Ph =5 =5 fi fi a W P H .?. l-H H Ph H W H P< < Ph W Ph ^ P^ H < C/3 Ph it If o o « g ^ < o iz.

164 beginners' GERMAN gffS|f!t fISi f! fi B. Ills ^:s-t:s If ^^ .^ It It I s "^ ft -r -O a o ••§ to ? H U W Ph « W PL. H U W P^ « . W P^ P h) Pt.S^".

.GRAMMATICAL TABLES 1 65 u ^ <1> s ^ . lis JO tt=.0 .c^ g sf o o "^ "S^ ^ ^ "^ t" ^B' '^ ^ <L> S £ rt fi M !t S 5 & S g £ B g h5 < H w W rt S <i1 S id fi 5 Q H^ . I-? <i^ tn ^ 4©> --» «. «-«-® g •^ ^ 3 " u 'Jo ^^ 4iy> § IS .0 H ^ S -^ w > M H W ^ ^ ^ iH.t^ JO H w ^ w Ph rt cri H CO <: p^ f^ O 12.-^ «- €33 l JO vO $-> 1 ^ JO H ^.0 ^ s.^ .

Weak Verbs. cmpfcl^Icn. Compound Verbs. Separable is accented. mad^teft bic 2^ilr gu^ cr tDtrb bie Xvlx jumad^etu . too er too^nt* XVII. aber id^ toeife. matfd^iert)^ Note: ent- becomes cmp- in: cmpfangcn. marfd^iertc. PRETERIT PAST PARTiaPLE brcnnen rennen lennen branntc rannte fanntc ift gcbrannt gerannt gefannt getiannt nennen fenben nanntc fanbtc gefanbt toenbcn tDanbte brad^tc bad^tc getoanbt gcbrad^t gebac^t gctDufet bringen betifen tt)iffcn {x(S) tDcig) mu^tc 3)?ann? i^o/e. II. I. id^ ferine i{)n nlc|t. lennen (Sic ben altcn S^cln.i66 beginners' GERMAN Irregular INFINITIVE XVI. Verbs in -icrcn (tnarfd^iercn. is But the past participle without the augment ge-» Cf. Inseparable six Verbs compounded with one of the be- wwaccented prefixes: cutt)er- erser- ge- are conjugated like the simple verbs. The prefix is a part of speech and x&j Present — mad^e Preterit — bu Future — bie 2:ilr p. empfinben.

um E. separable ilber[efeen f fet ] i inseparable liberfefeen ^ ^ 6 ^^ ^^'*^''^ ^^^^ K i ^ translate ii& f fef iiberVfeJt ^'^^^^^ ilberfefet' J J C^^^^^^^*^^ ^^^^^g) . nbtt. fie Mrbeti bie Xiiren gugemad^t 1 67 — — — f)ahtru Note: 211^ id^ bte Jilr jumacl^te. ging cr fort» III. Cond.GRAMMATICAL TABLES Perfect mir f)a6cn bic 2:iircti gugcmad^t^ Pluperfect tf)r f)attct bie 2^ilren gugemad^t^ Perf. unaccented.g. Varlvble The particles: imtti. unb tuieber are either separable. or inseparable. accented. unter.

H 1 1 68 beginners' GERMAN o 3 5=i w > H U 1— 1 vc* «-> ^c^ 1 PI g O Zj g o is * * :« G» ri p: .—s^ o p: i =g I o p f2 1^ » PQ C/3 p: -Si pt cfi ^ -W pT -2 > to <D B I > H < U P l-H 1 2 « p: vi 1 i p: '£ Iz.-*-* ^^ — fi >^ «k> --» 55 "2 IIII o p: § c r*-> ^. ^3.. 1 'a t— S ^ VQ Pt «^ p: ® ^o S" J ^ *g .^ ® iS- r§^ rg" o 5 S o H H O W Ph P!{ H O W ^ P< w t:^ p^ w Ph ^ ^ .

>o t5 «> g i o iz. rt pi^ ss . ti a> fS 2 H g ^ I— 1 s£3- p: ^s3- f5 1 > H S H-l i S p. u . 1— ^c^ « hH ^ rt < Ph Ph hH Q iz.1 ( 1 GRAMMATICAL TABLES o 169 u . 1 ^ S S u c» PJI Participle . ^ H ]?r U * * ^ 1^ h-i 1 S <L> pt « H 1^ 1 Ph g W Ph !§ w e H tD W ^ fe ^ f3 . I . H i Q ^131=^ > <.z. H ESEN P ST <.RTICIPLE M Ph vO J-> 1 -* «j:> w > M H M J2. 1— H w PL.z.

recover geniefeen. roast (briit) brcd^cn. command befall htqinntn. mir) ei^ gelang t^ ift be worth enjoy gait gencfen. fight finben. eat (igt) (faf)rt) a6 gcgcffcn ift ift foftrcn. freeze gefroren gebdren. succeed geltcn. blow (blcift) bleiben. become frightened erfd^raf (crfc^ricft) erfd^rorfen cffcn. flee fiteften.lyo BEGINNERS' GERMAN List of Strong Infinitive Verbs Past Participle gcbadfen befof)lcn Prkterit buf. brict gebratcn gebrod^en tft break (brid^t) brad^ bringcn. gcbar geboren gegeben tft gab fitng go (e6 gellnfit (gilt) gegangcn gelungen gegolten geUngen. begin beiften. drive Mr fiel gefaf)ren fatten. bite begann bl6 begonnen gebiffen hitqtn. give (gtbt) getien. press emiJfc^'Icn. eat (of animals) fra6 fror frieren. give birth to (geblcrt) gebcn. fly fiteften. gain giegen. bend bog bot gebogen geboten hitttn. remain bitten. offer binbcn. bratcn. bind banb hat blieg blieb tft gebunben gebeten geblafen gebliebcn beg blofcn. P09 flow m m (frtfet) geflogen gcf(oJen gefloffen gcfrcffen tft ift freffcn. genaS ift genefen genog (^t\d)it^t) genoffen ift gcfdje^en. (bcficl^It) barfeti. happen gefd^a^ gefd^e!)cn getoinnen. gemann pour m getDonncn gegoffeu . bake (biicft) hadk befcWen. ftcf)It) brang gebruttgen recommend (cmp* entpfal^l empfoWen tft crfc^rcdfcn. find (fid^t) fing mt fanb gcfunbcn ift Piemen. fall (fallt) gefaUen gefangcn gefod^ten fangen. catch (fangt) fe«ten.

hang (intrans. f(^icttcn. lie (tell tncffcn. load (labct. ISbt) (affcn. ft^icincn. rctften. rub tear rlcb rife gcricben gcriffcn ift rctten. help mn) gc^olfcn fUngcti. fam fvoii) gefommcn gefroc^en labcn. sneak mm \m^ ift gcfd^Iagcn gefd^Ud^cn . hft tftx^tn.) (^iingt) 5lng (m^f a»</ tr. glide geglittcn grabcn. (Ittfet) m lief ift m gelabcn gclaffen run lend (lauft) gelaufcn gelittcn Icibcn. call f aufcn. ro* rtef (fttuft) foff gerod^cn gcrufcn gefoffcn gcfc^affcn (f^at) ift drink (of animals) create fc^iaffcn. take (nimmt) gcnommcn gepflffen iprcifcn.) Qe()angen (f»/r. Icfcn. f«uf fd^ieb fd^cibcn. invite. sleep Mlagcn. strike (fd^Icifit) fd^leid^en. liauctl. a measure whistle praise log tnafe nalfiTn Pfiff gclogen gcmcffen nelftmcn/ :|jfcifcn. let laufctt. m \)kh (^ub) gel^oben gc^cifeen 6ie6 6alf icifcR.GRAMMATICAL TABLES Infinitive gtetc^en. shoot mi (fd^Iaft) ft^tief Mlafcn. suffer leiftcij. gelcgcn liigcn. seize fatten. 171 Preterit glid^ filitt Past Participle gcgli(^cn ift resemble (griibt) qltittn. part gcfd^icbcn seem scold (fc^irt) f(§icn gcfd^icncn gefd^oltcn gcfd^offcn gcfd^Iafcn f^art Miefecn. grcifen. dig grub fitiff gcgrabcn gegriffcn gcl^atten . read lie (lieft) m m lag lie) (ntlfet) litt gcKcl^cn gelcfen Ikqtn. come friecftcn. fl»<^ /rj gcf)aucn hew. hold (^alt) ^tclt ftangcn. ride ritt gcrittcn deepen. sound creep flang gcftungen ift ift fommcn. strike be called fithtn. call. advise (x'dt) ttihtn. smell tufcn. ^ric3 rtct gcpricfen gcratcti ratcn.

sit fang fonf ift gefungen gefun!cn fann fag fpatrn gcfonnen gcfeffen f^inncn. lose Dcrlor (toftd^ft) berlorcn ift toac^fcn. fprang ftad^ gcfprungcn geftoc^en prick (ftid^t) ftcftcn. grow toud^d gcmad^fen . spring ftcd)cii. stride fctfttjcigcn. spoil (bcrbtrbt) bcrbarb Derborben {intrans. do m gctrunfen getan ift Ucrbcrficn.172 iNFINmVE fcfiltcftcn. sling f^Iang (fc^milgt) fci^inolg gefc^Iungen ft at) ift fcfimclscn. sprout ipttti^cn. ruin. ftcigcn. die (ftirbt) ftofecn. fd^hJiircn. stand steal (ftic{)It) ftanb geftanbcn geftof)Icn ift ift Wlcn. trug trof trieb getragen getroffen meet ixtxhcn. finfen. swim fd^njamm fd^hjanb fd^toang fd^lDur/fd^toor gefd^tDommcn gefd^hjunben vanish ift fc^toingcn. forget (derglfet) toergaS t)crlicrcn. fprad^ fproS fpdngcti. melt gefc^TTtoIacn fd^ncibcn. stroke ftrtd& fttcitcn. hit.) bcrgeffen ]^at toergcffcn. f(^tt)tnbcn. getriebcn ift tread (trltt) trat tratif getreten trinfcn. »l fticg ftar{» ftiefe climb. t)crborbcn {trans. carry treffcn. see fa6 fmgcn. swing swear (ficf)t) gefc^tDungcn gefd^tDoren gefer)cn Men. think fi^cn. write fd^retcn. spin gefponnen gefproc^en gefproffen ift speak (fprid^t) fpric^cn. mount gcftiegen geftorbeit ftcrbcn. fd^ritt gef(|ritten be silent fd^mieg gcfd^tDlcgcn ift frfltoimmcn. fd^nitt \di)xith gefc^nittcn gefd^riebcn gefc^rieen ift cry fd^ric fc^rcUen. sing sink finncn. BEGINKERS GERMAN Preterit Past Participle gcfd^loffen shut f«Io6 frfflingcn. drink (tut) tun. contend (triigt) (trifft) ftrkt geftritten tragcn. push (ftoBt) geftogcn geftric^en ftrcidficn. cut fddrcibcn. drive trctctt.

) jttiingcn. draw. accuse jicftcn. move aog fiegogen (intrans. 173 Preterit JDUfd^ toiii) Past Participle fiemafd^cn ift wash yield (mafd^t) fictDid^cn fietuiefen show throw weigh (mirft) h)te« hjcrfcn. force S^ang gcstDungen . ttjciddcn. tticifcn.GRAMMATICAL TABLES Infinitive toaf(^icn. h)OQ Sie^ QCtDOQCn fieaic^en ift §ct^cn.) fidt fiegOQcn (trans. toarf ficmorfen njtcgcn.

^ronoTttina (giirtnorter) Slrtifel. gg C. (tDeiblid^) 3 ©encra (®cf d^Icc^ter) ma^Mimm (manntid^). l^cigcn SScrBa (SdU @^ tobxiev). eg B. befttmmt unb unbeftimmt d. SBorter. finb: a.ABSTRACT OF GERMAN GRAMMAR ^otrmenteljtre Sllte Sorter. gg gtbt 4 ^afug (Satte): 9^ominatit). ©ubftantit)a (§auptti3ortcr. SlKc SBorter. e. 3)atit) unb btc Slffufatb. btc faniugictt hjcrbcn fonncn. b. tictgen Slpmtna. ^ie S)cHinattan : A. c. Slbdcrbia ^rdpofitionen Soniunftioncn d. 3ntcricftioncn» I. unb ^leutrum (fcid^Ud^)* (3af)Icn): gibt 2 9tumcri ©ingular (gmgaf)!) unb plural ©enitb. ftarfc Tlan unterfc^eibet 2 Slrten bcr ©ubftantitJ^^Deflination: unb bic fd^tDac^c ©enination. Qibt gcmmimum (9Wef)rsaI)l). Qibt aud& cine fogenanntc gcmifd^tc ®efiination» S^ to5rtcr gremb^s unb ©tQcnnamen finb befonbcr^ p berixdEfid^tigen^ 174 . bic nid^t [(eftiert toerben fonncn. ®ro5 fd^reiben!) &. c. §lbie!tit)a 9luTncraIia (^a^I^ortcr). bie bclfintett iDcrben fonncn. gibt Tnel)rcre Slrtcn bcr S^omina: <z.

Uned^tc "ipriipofitionen f)aben ben ©enitiD bei \i^. b. 9JeIatit)pronoTntna 5* 3ntcrro0atit)pronomina 6* 3^nbcfinitpronomma. c. e^ B. n.ABSTRACT OF GERMAN GRAMMAR 1 75 1. ^rapoftttonett Sllte ed^tcn ^^rftpofttioncn regtcren ben !Sattt) ober ben Slffufatit). ^erfonalprottomina (baju 5KcfIejit)t)ronoTncn) 2. ©CTuonftratidpronomina 4. ^tc A. ^offcfftDpronomina 3. ^cWinatton bcr Stbicfttuc Sebe^ attrtbutidc ben* 2lbj[eftit) fann ftarf unb fd^mad^ bcflmiert tott^ SDa^ ate ^iprdbifat gcbraud^te Slbjefttt) ift flcjion^Io^* ^om^iaration (Stcigcrung) a. t>t^ %^ttixt)§ ^ofitid ^omparatit) ©upcrlatb* aud^ fompariert (gcfteigcrt) tDerbcn* OuaIttatit)c Slbbcrbtcn f onnen ^cflination ber 9lumcralia (3ft^ltoBrtcr) Sic 3<Jf)too^tcr gerfallcn in Sarbinalia nnb Orbinalta* Seijtcrc iDcrbcn n)ic bic 2lbieftit)c befltniert. ©^ plural gibt gibt ^anjugatlott 3 ^erfonen (erfte ^erfon uftoO* 2 ^lunteri (3cif)Ien): ©ingular (Sinjal^I) unb (Wlt\)Xiaf)l) (ift ie ein Slumeru^)* .

unperfonTid^e S!5erben» Wovtbxlbnn$sUi(vc Sluf gnjeierlei SBeife tDerben bilbet: 1. bie ^ontpofita (jufammengefe^te 3Serben) Dom SSerb teil^ untrennbar. au^ ben ©tammen neue SBorter ge^ ®urd^ 93eranberung ber 33ofaIe in ben ©tantmfilben.176 C. g^Gibt3$mobi(au^fa9cfonncn): ^nbifatit) (ift ein 9»obu^) ^oniunftit) 3^peratit). ®enu^ t)erbi) unb £. teil^ trennbarftnb. 2. b. g^ fitbt BEGINNERS' 'GERMAN 6 Jempora (3eiten): (ift ^riifen^ ctn Jempu^) Qntperfeft guturum (!) ^erfeft ^lu^quamperfeft guturum D. fotnie 3nfinitit) ttod^ bie infiniten SSerbatformcn: unb •iPartisipiuTn (be^ *iprafen^ unb be^ ^crfeft^). fomie ntobale §ilf^derben. g^ gibt II* 2 ©enera Dcrbi (3u[tanb6fortnen): Hftit) (ift eiti ^affit). reftejide @^ unb gibt femer §ilf^t)erben. ©tammftlben: burd^ ©uffije burd& "iUrafije. g^ mit Qibt au(^ eine fogenannte gentifd^te ^oniugation* ajfan unterfd^eibet aud^ SSorfilben. (S^ gibt alfo ftarfe unb fd^tuad^e 33erben. SWan fd^tnad^e unterfd^eibet gVDei Slrten bcr ^onjuQation: bie ftarfc unb bic Soniugation. . S)urd^ ©rineiterung ber a.

nad^ Segefirung^fa^en ein 2lu^rufung^seid^en» ftel^t SSor birefter 9{ebe gen)of)nIic^ ein ©oppelpunft. g. Slu^fagefafec gragefdfec 3.. b. burd^ ein Dhidt 2» burd^ eine abberbiale 53e[timntung.ABSTRACT OF GERMAN GRAMMAR Slufecr 1 77 ben trtit ©ufftjen unb *iPraftjen gcbilbcten SBortcm gibt c6 aud^ ^liftt'^'nTenfe^ungcn bon felbftcinbioen SBortern (Seftim^ muixQ^iDort unb ©runbmort)* I. Sttter^unltion 5yjad^ Slu^fagefd^en ftel^t ein '^nntt. baju uftD. 3)aju fommen bie 'i|Jronominal=2lbt)erbien bamit. c. gibt abt)erbiale 53eftintnxungen: be^ Orte6 (lofal) ber 2Irt (mobal) €. nad^ gragefafeen ein grage^ geid^en. S^ a.) . Sc0ef)nxnG^fafee (33efe^I unb SBunfd^). be^ S^edf^ (final) ber golge (fonfefutiD) ber 3^it (temporal) be« TlxtttU (inftmmental) h.)* (9lomina fonnen burd^ Slttribute ergangt tDerben. Slnfang unb @nbe ber bireften $Kebe tDerben burd^ fennjeid^net* „2InfuI)run0^ftrid^c" ge^ ®a^ 35erbunt Eann ergftn^t tDerben: 1. tDOju ufto. ^cr einfad^c ®a^ ein in: 3cber 9la(^ ®a^ bem 2. ber (Sinraumung (fongeffit))* (tDomit. (/. be^ ©runbe^ (faufat) /. entl^alt cin teilt ©ubjeft unb ein ^riibifat 3nl)alt man bie ©a^e 1.

aBortftcMung S^ gibt im S)eutfd&en brci Slrtcn ber SBortftcttunQ (SBortfoIgc): 1. S)te ©afec ftnb enttDcbcr foorbiniert (beigcorbnct).1^8 BEGINNERS' GERMAN n. @^ gibt balier foorbinicrenbe unb fuborbinicrenbc ^oniun!ttoncn» 9lcbcnfa^c iDcrbcn bom §auptfa1^e ftet^ burd^ cin ^omma ge2luf ba^ trennt» Ztmpu^ bc^ ^oniunftit)^ ift bcfonber^ in ber inbireftcn SRebe 3U a^kn. obcr ber ctnc bem anbcm fuborbiniert (untergeorbnct). SfcQelmdfeigc SBortfoIgc (normalc) 2» 3nt)crfton 3* S)ic aSortfoIgc im 5«cbenfa^ . ®cr 5ufamtncngcfe^tc Sa^ SWan ift unterfd^eibct §auptfa^e utib S^ebcnfdijc.

^— i ^ 1^ — « ^^ toic al f^=# « #- — *{ ^- 2. bu fannft mir gc « 2^an*nen*baum. !£anncn6aum gttr blcrftimmlgcn gctnifc^ten (©d^tilcrd^or 1824. o 2. big ncin Icn! oft Icl^ * ren: ^ie §off nung unb ^e * ftftn ' * feit gibt P=fi: -=H 5cdt 5^ =3= -=1-»- m aud^ ^ O O O ^an 2:an * * * ^ ncn^bautn. P 1. o i z£=t f=p= 179 H=R^ . treu finb bel * tic fcl^r Stan * ncn^baum. O O O Xan-ntn-haum. 2:an*ncn*baum. toenn cd fd^nelt! f)od& S8auTnt)on 2:roft tnid^ cr^freutl bcr 3cit. o unb ^raft gu ie * Zan ncn^baum. 3.an=ncn*baum. o im SSin bir * tcr. 2:an*ncn*bauTn. nen^baum.— SONGS D (graft anfd&ttfe. bcin^Ieibmill tnld^ toad ^ SSmt fal * tcrl ^ ^1:9= |:MM= :*: I I ^ 1 r ^=i: ^' r tr-^i:- 5Du SSie griinft m(5t f)at * nur nid^t jur (Som^mer^geit.

baft get ic^ ^^Ff^r fo iziV: fc-fr:- liir 3c5 tDel6m(^t. ©ild^cr. h)te = nc gc ^ iBIat fal Icl^ tcr! bu bein fannft mir mill len! * £Ieib mid^ h)a6 rcn! m^=4 :ifci « •- J-j r-f S)ic Scrclei iWcI. *i=*i =N=t . SSel^. i ^Et 1. I 1789-1860. ^te fd^on 3ung flei * frau bort o htn ^ s?^ E^ bin.h)a§ foE cS * be * beu fit * - trau=ng h)un=ber toil * * 2. ife -#-f- ^=^ ten. golb fd^aut ne^ ®e fd^met be er nid^t bic gel * fen rif -! * er w ^ ^ poco cres. get. nen-baum. toon f^ricbr.i8o BEGINNERS' GERMAN i Xan 2:an jtan ^ == =^=3= W^ trcu finb bet fe{)r I * * * nen-baum. toon ©cring. bar. -#-=- ^1 := ^ ftc 2:onf. !5)en (Sd^if =f er Im nen ®d^if * fc er * greift e8 mit bem ^W=W^ 'g! K^^ N :^33t^ =t=t=^=*=:iE b bwb b ' I poco cres. 3. nen^baum. fe. =^=a= ein it)r eS i ol ^ i S^^ blit * : i * * i ba§ fie SO^ar * = d^en au« * ten = ten.

bo6 am 6n be ©c^tf=fer unb £af)n.. me gen unb unb ru « l^ig fttegt ber 9i]^etn. unb ba6 l^ot ^ i BE be« n-r. !Die (Ste ?uft ift m^r. . . = bei.. .i:^P- rrrfT3 ir -M: =^ S3er^Qe3 h)un * ber il^ / =^i=^ fun * 1" 51 * * flfct ^I * felt im ge bie benb = fon*nen aJie * lo fd^ein. J —P K^^^-^" -^ — — fc. ^^E ber ®i)) fiat = felt. mit got bie nem t)er * nur ()inauf in ^W* 3* i.unb be = qoI be * ne^ bie fammt Qlau := eg be.^. . fet ei = fingt era » Steb bo . §aar.• >if # 4 l{# SBeMen M-^f' (f»): ^ f ^ r L n r L 'r L r P' 9 _| PL— r — • ^U_-r—^—-"b b '^ i bun ^oin \ij\m » = ' =S=*iS= I rrQI . bei. ne * fa * « mc. gen \oah ti^ge * * mit * rem ©in So * re = lei ge tan» _^5 ^ r f . fv1-^ — ~i — ^^ e« =* Vi^—ivH 1 fommt fammt fc^aut tntr nld^t ii)v au^ bcm = ©inn. .— r# ^^^~~i V SONGS — d — — i8i ^ \ —— — — — — —— Pv—J-^ FT-T i f^^ j^ i ^^-==^-N f^ i i \.

()ei f)cl {)el * = It Ii - ge ac gc ^ac^t! 5^ad^t! ^f^ac^t! le^ fd^laft. !Dur(^ lad^t §al « le ja au3 nem gott 2)?unb. mo^v. 1792-1848.l82 BEGINNERS' GERMAN afjxxitna^t 3fof. in ber fern unb be ^ ba un^ btc ret* ten <Stunb'. * funb := mad^t. 1787-1863. 2. etil * le * U ®ot = ©oI)n. Don ©crlng. Xonf. 4: i :5—1^- -y—V' X g t^^ ->^-^=^ i l^ol ss 1=^ ber e6 tfint ^ &E ^ e^ == ^na*be im laut fc^Iagt toon lof * ft* gen ©aar: na(): fd^laf (Sfjrift. ©anft unb gctragcn. ^ ^BE ^-^ -f- PP-0-' m^ -P ^-v mf I I i^ cltt p =&-fc f\ H 1>^ ' ^ K 1\ r— * fatn QC h)ie hjad^t nur Sieb' ba6 ber traute. 5^a(^t. in I I I . * := ^tr ten tc« crft 3. etil ^ Ic := D^ac^t. (5f)rift. etil Ic '^a^i. gratia ©ruber. (Sngel bei * F|od^ - \)zi ^ = » Ii*gc lu Itd^eit ^aar. ^4q mf fe 511 «= 1.

^na Unb P-0- be 3(^ be -#- d^e bid^. 1800-1833.e6 * §ei*ben! 9Jog $ei * d^c bid^. 2.onf. (Sal^ =?=t tnab' fprac^: toil * ee 9?6g*Iein bre * * =i^^i=? = Icin * cin = ein ftcfin. ha^ ben! $Hd3 lein m^x * te unb I)alf '^ti^^-f^^t£^ ^ bu e i{)nt er mifi bod^ fein . unb mor^gen^d^on! 3(^ fte fic^ = s ^ fd^nell. ba! * — net ®e « burt.ln ner ®c burt! ^ *M= t^i^= ^^ SSoH«h)ctfc d. don ©cring. SBcrncr.SONGS 183 i dltt bei = ^fe^ tcr. * tiltntn = li * fc^cr I diu\)'l ift in bcr $Rct bei * * ter. 0?o8 $Rb8 auf auf bcr 2. (Stuae beweet m^-j— t^H 1. ftad^. S]^rtft. ift « ^^ r^ fd^laf (Sftrift. 3. ^eibenrij^lcttt ^cinr. lein lein ber ber ber -#- tna be brad^g ^6^ * auf -•- m*& =t=|c ife?» ^ ^ i 7^ ^ei * p t^ ^=i= toav fo * lein = E^ iung fprad^: ^-^i^ :^=pt Sief ben.

nie 3. lanefam. SBalt^afar ©crl^arb ©c^utnad^er. bcnfft an Id^ tDlir^ntd^t e ^ ben! 2Be^ unb eg ben ben! m m/ ^-H . gcicrlid^. Wc^tS^offunb $ei . .* jr^ gu W^ unb mufet^ p. 148: it =t =t fe^ . J?l -#— i^ii I i I $Rog 1 ' lein. bon g.It * Qe fi:=d^ern gliilf)'. 9?og4ein auf ber ^ei 1 * ben! I mf cres. * ge giant SBtf := me. f)ier lang ne6 ^ol = feci gitv. / ^ r r 5 =t=t: :^=*= I ^cH ^ctnrid^ ^arrie«. Qluf)^ fen := unb be bet - cr ntit lo fd^e $anb4unQ unb fc^aft l^e := 5mut unb traft 5. 1793. 9log4eln rot. - 4 4 d- 1.: 3ol&n S3ua.+i-^^ \cf)% mid^.- 1 84 BEGINNERS' GERMAN p^-i ndf) f. W^fer SBil' f)^lnt. 5lc5.^err4c5cr be^ ft S3a ftel = * ^ * ter*Ianb«I le 2. m Icn Ici lei -. 1563-1628. i^ *#' ^f^F= / 4= ^ 9166 * lein. 4. (Bd. $ell bir int (Sle * $Het * * 9er*frang. 1790. (£rf. bie §or. nid^t gu bit im ©icgcrftans 2«cl. Xonf. iT^tt blc * greu * = ben.

. h)ie fiir .^ai fer. Jl)ron bci ben SU an . ' 1 f#*=t?-# r ^err blu f..o =^^ ^^3-^ an fein! * Ober: x^ = 11 I 1 pii^^ s* _:^: ^eil.. = « -. gelg im unb * ten gern bort fein! . beer == famp treu fen unb - = be ?or btatt auf * ge * ^0 -F- SBon ne gang. lie frei ei aJJanng * * bet ben mu fin bic = nen 3)^ann. ! '_. ^ n 1 i L r L 1 1 v» 1 • F 1 ' k r 1 » 1 r ^ 1 /It ^ i 1 I* 1 1 L f 1 1 ' ' mi # 1 7 ir\ v/ V-tf +t 1 ! 1 1 1 1 ^ • • 1 ^ 1 N^ * • ^ r 1 _ J 4 fl ^ # • « ! - ^ J # iEBon J s • « * * * * i ^ J W ^ - 1 \ A '\ 1 r ling bie nc en gang. fc^er*tl)ron . ^ai * f^ —f—-^' 1» 1 1 -^^ H=H =r ~jr :jfc — t . ^ai gtir birl fte()n! == be« beg le Jf)ro SSa fte neg ©lang ter^Ianbg. . nem fer. {)en [ten gie ^ fUrg i^r 3Sa ter lanb! 2Bir bann.— H h — — f\» — SONGS —— — 185 4^ P=^ \do ^ii ^ fer... ... ' Sieb -#(i ling beg • fe}f^ — ^^_ii_ P-— — —^ 1 1 — J ^ |t l- J • ^ H — • . . ^ * -M giif)r ^- ^q -d^ -4— 1 Tj i t> ^i^-T in be al * = 4 * * = d -^ ^dl.. . b ir! SB0H8 §eil. F 1 T-J r 1 . = §aupt em * por! ^rie ger unb beg C>el = * ben tat ber 5menf(§4eit ©tola! giijr in VcfCQ neg ©lans J ('m\^ ^J«ft . b ir! eer. ?ieb griin * beg gie := be tig beg fiir i{)r . ron. -' T f — -^ 1 c 1 .

N ge rtnnt. $el ei ben * ©0 /. 9^{)ein. cres. . 1820-1873. iDte (Sd^tocrt * gc • 2. fjauft flat * ^t f)od^ gen gief)t unb unb ntit ^amp * = fe« fe * nod^ 9lf)ein. luft: N» •v X h)er ^ 1^ fc^ I 1 ^m* • 1 J tr be * ^ ^m s k! ^^ J S • • -i^ ^ « J 2 $it * * * j*« b h)itl S* ^ A "^ i ^ •^ 1 1 1 1 beg bie (Strom -eS \)z\V ^ ter fein? * fc^ii^t ge toie f)ier ?an mei bei beg marf. lang ein ^rop .// :fc .i86 BEGINNERS' GERMAN Sie aSad^t am SHl^ein ^orl SBilbclm. d=4: (g^ brauft eln D^iuf * toic * !Don ^udt * ner * f)a(t. ein 5lrm 9^I)ein bie 53u(^ tern im SBinb: Bum gum gum beut * fci^en @^ n \j rts 1 E^ ->-1r: 1^^ :ti=t . !Durc§ $un blicft * bert tau auf fenb e^ fd^nell. !Deut fci^lDort sum$K()ein. !^ "^ 1 ^ k P fc' • s« • * ^ 1 1 rD 1 ' 1^ I ^ h . ^ unb ba nod^ bic al * * ler 3. fein * (e geinb tool ^ * ^ nen ter -P- ©tranb! fein! al Icn §il •"^• ^» ^ ^ \» •^ f^ 1 f k 1 f • f U 1 ?=___i1 r^ 'rzf 1 r i L. (gr \)'m * in * $im 53lut iCSo mcl^^au'n. fen bie . ytx fromm unb * nie ber4<^ciun. ^ 3= =t=^ ^^ flirr //' -^=^ - =iw= unb * 3Bo blit * gen=pratt: 3^iit gen fiell. Tlax ©d&necfcnburgcr. . SBruft! !Du be toir :» $ref)einbleibftbeutfd^ tritt ne fpannt. 1 .1 rL fL N 1 /r vP ^ $Hf)ein! ftarf.^um beut^c^en fc^e Slu \)'d gen ter "titxi * * ' ber bie ftol * * ber. Scb^aft unb marficrt i ^r 1. noc^ * filiiftt. ^ ga() ncn s iE ^ . 4. \ ! J ^ ^ ^ cres. ^Wn. 5. * * nc !Der ©detour er^fd^attt.

magft 35a * ter^Ianb^Tnagft m. bic am I / cres.SONGS 187 W^d^ 2ith _^ ^- ^ ru fein. ^^ f-f ^^^ fte^t mI om 8J6cinI SR^etn! fcft unb treu bte S!Ba(i^t.^ptq=tiz£fc=J =t=^: :£ ^=t /a iJE^ ru * ES^ ^^tEi3E^^ fcft ftcl^t :it=*: =i -g^ ^ad^t f)ig fein. unb trcu btc ^Sac^t. Ilcb -^-*—0 — #- 33a * tcr^Ianb.bie SBacilt PI . it^: =N=^= :^ eE^ //' 4t^^ m^i^=^.

= jelt: 1)a get uttb {auc^^get ba^ ^er^ ^ -g-^-g- ^. OueMen fin ' ^aume = rau=fc^en jum §lm=mel^ -fi- oH.=E^ ^ES^i^ il -ti- =f^ ^- . . grifc^ ouf 3. S^or (S. o SBan»bent. Sura. am bie * fd^en 3elt. S8au»ine fd^Iosgen au8. frei = c ^-r^ P^^^ *=*: !t^ 4r_ 4=- ]i=fc f itS^ 1 :g= ia^^ r ba h)o()I -N/^ K =i=r h)cr bid il * * be. tnof)! burd^ ba6 2:al! ^a / ^. 93ur»[c^en=luft! O 3Bon=bern.1 i88 BEGINNERS' GERMAN aSanbcrf^aft: „^cr Wlai gilr ficmifc^tcn tft gcfommen" 3ul. tt)c4et ®ot*te« F-! 0*bcm :>i=N:. * mit (Sor = gen tie - gu fc ber bie ^er gc. fo frtW in bie 58ruft. brum. 1842.-<P I r • F F -t^^t- _-|fI2i-_-f-- Stt #: i fe -fV=v^ -#-^ Iii^=it #- «tcr*=i l^ttnm ^ It fit :^ I 2Btc bie SSol^fcn !Die bort h)an=bern cr * flin^Qen. l)cl = 2. ^-. ®dhtl i^^s^^e I :r*=± -^ bie =i=r -«i- 1. ?uft l^at. 35er 2Kai tft ge = tont=inen. 2BiI^. frifc^ ouf im bu len ©onmen^ftra^f.

metn ^crj SBte bift bu bo(| fd^on.. r«V ¥^-. > gu fam beut fd^o men fd^er SD^aagbig an bie SBein * unb ten * fd^e (Sang 1 nen ^lang. 3ofep6 $asl)n. cin tnit sasciti rtei = te ^•— :S ^^-ir~^~^ *=:ti I 1 1 1-^ i Hoffmann Don SoUetSIebtn. / ter = lanb! \ ung ^. beut beut il) 1 r * len ber SBelt be l)al ten f)eit * ren ^i * * nig nac6 unb un^ dlt^t al = unb le grei ftre fiir bag -- I ^a S p 1 lafet * ben brii ber ' ^/ ^. ^cutf(!^4anb ii * ber al leg. /i • fh U 1 -f- ^-^b T' L p 1 fk 1 ^ i -f- * k 1 1 m r 1 1 ' F 1 L s 1 1 ' f [" ' .l^alt. ^ i\x eb ^ .^ »»/ — SONGS 1 189 i EE^ I ^ I4^g^r=i= fte^t aud^ ift :g: te I fo mir loie ber 'nc fo ©inn 8er = in d^e bte h)et = te. unb ftim= met bu Wei = tc.. ber fd)er * * fd^e grau in = feit en. aWttBig lonofom. * * * := u brii := ber ^ = I 2 r menn ^eut fol * ftet^ gn * ©cJ^uij unb * fd^e 2:rut 2:reu ^^ sc e. ..^ ^''^ * ler ^at cv^ be * beut 33a * . 1 1 " 1 1 m al mf ^^=t=tal lic^ ^^E± in - S r Don ber ^ leg ber * * ^ SBelt. 1732-1809. t 1 :#! A m-P rfYM* ^"^ r / H J ^ — • 1 ^ 4 i^ -4 5 8 e« — — — — — —r^— h-^* -] J f J 8 • i • p""^ i J = * ^ lij ^ - ^eutfd^ * lanb. lt)et » 2Belt. c li£^mi^©ers unb ^anbl) ^' "^^ ^ ^^^ ^^*^ ""^ ^^ ^^P^ f^F 1- .

I go BEGTNNERS' GERMAN i*=e ^ ^ ^F SD?c * U M ber * (gtf(i^ M-\-i^ - mcl. get * ftcrn f)eit un fer gan ©Ilif sc^ feS ben ter * !Deut 33Ittr)' * fd^c grei '^ finb be« Un pfanb. -P5h-^-^-*- *±^ U beut = == i * ber al = ber fc^er i)e. at * le^ in ber SBelt! gran ®Ian * - en. blii * beut-fd^e^ 5Sa*ter* lanb! ^m I i r='=F aBanbrcr^ 5Wa(3&tUeb tJricbr. i ^ :^kfea ^ ^ Sangfam unb eetragcn. lang. ae beuHc^c bie^fe^ 2:reu^e. m ^^lau. ^^=* -s^ il -- :^ •=^ * ^ TT » -^ SRul^. im li- lt =£: ^ -^ -^ -€-: ili Ji !Deutf(54anb ^ 5M ii =1= ^ Ie«. t)on bi« * - an !2c ben * * SQdt ©cutf$*lanb. SBein unb beuHc^^er ©ang! ©(ttf-feg. J _^ ber ol » len ®i») fe(n ift in a\ -- Icn ffitp»feln ^IE =^ S^ #^=5: ^^ .

i bal • be ruMt bu aud^. i bal be rul^ft be. hjor « te nur. bic 55 og - Icin fd^tDci^gcn im ^#- ^ i 5 ?4? fc^ =^- ^^t :^ =p=^^ fcr ^= aBoI=be. ^*^-^-k^- IS » 1 K W( h" ^ i w=»^bal =4=^ V be ^3t rufift bu aud^. aud^. * SiS Hl=r ^ -•-#- ^ri^i^^ ^^ tear = te nur. . bu rit. — S33or = te nur. bal = be. PP ^fe^^ m?3.^ SONGS 191 i^ fe^ !fe^gfc=g fpil * u^=^^t reft if ¥ ' J rrbu fci = ncn ^auc^. SSBot = te ^ nur. bal * be ruf)ft bu aud^. ^te P ^^Eg ^SE ^ bal * nV.

53ac]&4ein t)on ben ^^ «s /i . -K -*t-^ — FV-al 1^ 1— SlBcm ®ott !Die n)i(( red^ = tc 2.^ J 2 • # J • * * 1^ ' - ' r bic h)ei * »• fci * p nc tc SScIt.9.U — BEGINNERS' 192 GERMAN I Set fto^e SBanbcr^mann. ii«^t i 53 1. ben bie [deleft cr in ^cr * gen fprin * gen. 2:onf. 4^ ^ ^ ^ ®unft cr * *-^- 3=^ r^ I pv~\ h)ei * fen. -^-^-ih — ^- I ! —-^ fV V ^ unb \tx bcm tDilt f oHt' cr fci ^ nc SBun = ber mei {{) = = fen in SBerg fin * gen. r b ^ >• m \j V ' 1_ r ^ r ^ r ^ 1^ m fj ^ -\ i \ fet = nc 9Sun * ber nlc^t mit i^ = ncn Ml i iDci * fen. ?cr*d^cn fd^tDirs -. bon ©cring. t N P ^ N jk. gttr gcmifd^tcn (Sl^or 3fofe*)'& »on (gic^nborff. guft: bcm h)a^ cr ic§ SBun i() bcr rcn • fottt' nic^tmit -^.-^t I^E cr5. 1 1 p^ •• /J -|» J -5tt)it{ ^ J -5- p t. gelif 2KcnbcI«fo]&n»S3Qrt^oIb^. tDa^ ic^ nid^t mit nen fin = gen ou8 O"! -- ^s^ =3 =P=fc ^ -^ . 1809-1847. ncn ^^'tt ^9—U_— If 1 r b r u ^!: U-J ! 8 if p r ' _4.B -^ -«- . dl: y # / ^MWf\ *^ tt n it v^> 5 v ^ J •^ .-j 1 — ' .«i »L ^ J .

K J^ • ^ ^ . r-— . * f^ f(|cr SBruft? ctt fxr. ^ ^ (^ ^1 ^ •s 1 " . .^ ^Hi :M: EE gclb.. ^ y t ^ lafe i^ ' '^ nur ^ 8er=d^cn. ^ .aBaIbunb gelb unb B5^^ >[BT=pp>3. ^i fci = bem tolH er ne ntlt Sffiun»ber iJ) = Wei « fen in SBerg unb SBruft.:f^t^ ^ p a tempo.-^ f ::f J. ^ ^ p ber mh^^ =&=^ ^ Piii Zgn^o ritard a tempo ^^ S3ac^ = lein. ^tt^-lhz% =t=fc -V=l\2 :fc:5f= J^ SEBalb ^ef)l «> t. tuaS foUt' ic^ nic^t nen fin = 6«n ""^ "ol » '^'^ ^ i ffi it^.r ^ ff Piu lento ivitard i i unb ©tront unb gelb* V unb c fn • -r* ^cn -. in 193 S3erg tool unb » SBalb au6 •^ Icr V Ur n tt *^i^ # im Ks\) ^jt ^ WK fy » 1 ^ ^ ^ \ P r '^ ' P . ! K' 1 d «# #^ \ 1 L/'^ 2BaIb ^Cf)I 'W' ^:: uub ®trom unb unb fri . he ^ * ben @ott /u x^ Ml i | Wal^ten. ^c^I. . ." «• p* m •# ir %' 9 # . • N 1 ^ 1 # 1 • ' . „ 3.fd^cr ^^^•tt it ^•ftu.SONGS aSalb.

f)at au(5 mcin' S n V ^^ ^J^ uij** J ex h* vT -tt -#-+- /2 J^. Jat aud^ mcin' ^^ :fe=t= =P . unb |_ (Srb' unb §immcl h)itt cr m li^ « S Mm C ^:^--£ ^ II Ji. GERMAN i M: (Exh* + «*cr * *M ^i* -^r^F-r^^ I llz '^ti=f unb ^immct toltt f)al * ten.^ n 5ES y ::ttt '^l /I/ P ^-^ j^ I f)al * ten. ()at aud& mcln' ©ad^' auf# Bcff be*fteHt. tt p 3^ l^t k U i * ^ =^=^ ^ b !• 'k- b aud^ mcin' <Sad&' i y ^ .*r -tt If % — 1-5=^ j^ 1 J P 1 J !-W r V —U— M r 1 J Li k ' U 4fL r ^r 1^ \/ » i:^ i ?5^ =*^j^TirV^n^ fial * ^ r-r -^=+- ten.. K ^ J • 6c . -• - J W • f • « J dm J * n)ia cr * p p u unb (Sad^' auf6 bcff ftcKt! £)cr (Srb' ^Im * ntcl ^J» tl-. i J -:- !/ ^ jL ^ jL' jL !^ If 1 ^ it ' ^ ^ fm\' • «L ^ • ( ^ j^' ^' 1 ^' n #r j^ . ()at aud^ tncin^ (Sa(5'.—— 194 J BEGINNERS' ores.// J a i • A N N J .

SONGS m ^^ 3ofcp^ bon auf'« beft% -f- aur« 1 -'.-rr beft^ T'/r ftellt. SWacSonncII. 2:onf. i ^ (glci^cnborff.J u ^ ^3t m ^ N ^ =t=t= *=f toet * T ^^"3 N- ^—^-i ^— u 4- i SBun^ber fen in Serg unb SBoIb unb ©trom unb gelb m^ r^=h -*--4^ i^ i . = fen. htm toiU cr fel * ne ^ i f s -ft J . ^ i ^ *" fe^r:fz r^—r ^ g. r g r: g : r pr~n^i -1^— N- > —^in bic fd^idt cr ^ Vl 3:3 ^ ^ ^ Juei * tc S3ScIt. *=* aScm ^ ^ njtU sred^ » 9 — #•=—»- -gj- :t: ^ ben ®ott te ®unft er = Xm. ^m ht :> 6cft^ be - ftcCtl ©ad^^ aufg be * tncin' ®ad&' auf« bcft^ ftctit! i A -J: J^ L -# • F^ £ ia bon iKartc i5.


attcrtoegen. The principal parts of the strong verbs given. near. (-. at. (-). ah. ber 3(Bcnb (-«. to set out. part. to am = an ha^ bent. to att go off. start. descend. ning. all. age. (-e^. fein). -en). depart. the third person singular given to indicate this root-vowel is change. to retire. shoulder. In case of verbs which take fein as an auxiliary. by. on. so. an or ace). like. -en). than. aft. abgeftiegen). ber 5l]6ituricnt (-en. -). tread yield off. — — e. The indicated by the preceding article. ac^te. trltt old. parts. derivation. the fact indicated in the principal abbicrcn. hit 5(bcr (-. addition. (light). de- only. thus. office. date for the of the final a candiexamination whole. to alfo. -e). gradually. angebunbcn). similar. aSein. accusative entire. evening. 197 . conj. -e). ( — er. good-by. -^er). therefore. bie 5(bbttion (-. ot)^. ber ^nlbeginn (-e^). everybody. position. fein).j aBrcifcn (aux. absent. away. ear of corn. parentage. trat abgetreten). farewell. bie S((^fct (-. ahtttitn {aux.. (er ba^ TOcr (-^. and in case of strong verbs which change the vowel in the second and third person is singular of the present tense. the aged. ab. but. to. off. to %mi {dat. -n). adj. adieu. vein. hk ^c^tung regard. oftftetgcn (ftieg ob. and the endings of the genitive sing- — — and the nominative plural follow in parentheses. earliest begin- ad^. and adv. when. bie everywhere. ah. American. a^gcl^cn (ging ah. eighth. S^re (case). -n). ^ahm and ah. anbinbctt (banb an. everything. -n). e6). upon. tft ber 5(ffufattl> (-^. -).VOCABULARY Explanations. eight. bie sunshine ahttf but. however. to relinquish. bcr 5(^enbfonncttfrf|citt (-§). view. . to tie a^i.^ alone. dismount. resembling. German higher schools. abtticfcnb. but. each. up to the emperor. evening al^nUi^. 5(bftatnmung (-. abicu. resign. ift as. attmai^Urfl. -c). alas. abgcgangcn). adj. -en). esteem. an ben ^aifer — amcrifanifd^. descent. to add. ber ^nl^Ucf (-^. supper. in. ba^ 5(bcnbcffcn (-^. on {or to). attention. gender of the nouns ular are is In the following vocabulary clusion of the additional reading which is extensive on account of the inand poems words will be found in alphabetical order. bie 5llten.

-c). relative. apple-tree. ag auf. btc gard. at. aufeffcn (er i^t anreben. ^e). nalf^m an. fetn). -n). to advise. work. to esteem. vous. out. poor.). a laying out. angcfd^rlcbcn). -en). anfniipfen. f)iclt an. to look at or upon. reply.j to hold (on) stop. beginning. per- formance. fu^r auf. antttjortctt. seek out. handling.). to anfualtcn (cr f)altcn). poor man. -en). anne^men (er nintmt an. anfangcn (er fangt an. answer. aufbliil^cn an. on the other side (hand). to tie. vexed. to speak to. severe. aufl&cbcit lift. bic ^nfteblung (-. physician. too. work. an- gry. aniegen. pleasure-ground. 5Cficn (-€. fing an. address. eln — ha^ c^). anliaqtn. f)alt an. to. bcr 5lngcftiJrige ber 5C^jfelbaum (-4. and bad. anberfciti^. angc* aufgcfaf)rcn). adv. hard. arm. or ace). -en). to institution. adv. ^ufgabc raise. ift angcfommcn). to do. ift to write on or down. to belong to. an. in- ber 5(r5t (-c§. ber %pid (-«. also. bic 5lnftalt (-. angcftdrcn. Asia. present. bie 5lncfbote (-. bcr 5(nfiJmmling (-«. cm anftatt (gen. in. bcr ^ntetl (-«. fasten. . t. bit. multitude. kind. man- tlnlagc (-. elsewhere. one be- ber SCpril (-«). -en). attack. upon. bic anber^hjo. anber^ al^. neut. bie 5trbeit (-. among other ^raftc — aUc to strain every nerve. open. portion. to answer. anfdfreiben (fc^rieb an. bie 5lrt (-. drgerlic^. to invest. take for granted. annoyed. nothing else but that. likewise. prep. •^). task. April. aufgefunben). aufgc* gcffen). doctor. recommend. -n). (cr ficjt an. *c). anfommcn (fam to arrive. -en). -c). to respect. take. to lay out. nlc^tS anftrengcn. share. plan. exert. vestment. even. adj. to begin. auf. apple. for. untcr an* things. arg. (-n.198 anbcr cine BEGINNERS' GERMAN — (bcr. mischie- draw up. lesson. longing to. auf. upwards. arm. to accuse. angcratcn). interest. anfrageti. (aux. pick up. arrangement. bic ^(n^a^l (-). anecdote. park. towards. -n). on. an. colony. aufget)obcn). to eat up. ({)ob auf. species. arbeiten. ner. to . to re- auffinbcn (fanb auf. — c. auc^l. {dat. bcr 5(ngnff {-^. angenommen). angc* anhjefenb. strain. anfc^en fcf)cn). (-.. ^nttoott (-. bic newcomer. to start up. task. berem. fangen). reply. to blossom up. -c). to number. join. other. ber 5Irme. -n). begin to flourish. annoying. -^c). -t). riet an. anraten (er rat by. ber 5tnfang (-«. ask in passing. to accept. fal^ ttuffalftrcn (cr fiil^rt auf. way. instead of. angc* to. ber 2lrm (-e^. to find out.

outside of. eye. fein). emigra- squeeze out. etc. \ia^ 5(ufnoftmc (-. $Cu!^lanb (-c8). bcr SCufnjdrtcr (-«. auflofcn. ouf^ijrcn. au^fd^tagcn {aux. to strike out. fpra$ au0. au^gegangcn). au^gclaufen). auffi^cn (fag auf. to laugh at. au^btlbcn. aui^gctcgt. pronounce. out of. exercise. develop. auftcr {dat. up. on account of. . composition. taking up.). {aux. aufmcrffam. utter. auSkd^en. ber ^(ugenl^anbel (-«). render accomto plished or educated. of. dis- constitute. foreign parts. merce. aUj^toenbtg. bic 5tu^njanbcrung tion. etc. aufnjatftcn come forward.). cultivate. ber 5(uguft (-^). fal^ au«. to carry out. au§. straight. auf^affcn. settle mount. laid out. end. foreign com- attendant. to make (a up. to sprout. ift out (fire. detailed. watch. lemcn. auftrctcn (cr tritt aug. erect. aui^mad^en. ift aufrcc^t. August {month). outside. to ber 5luffa^ (-e«. to practise. au^fiil^rlid^. ift au^gcfom* men). to run or flow out. trade. to step up (upon). pay attention. au^erbem. to form (out). outward. displayed. get up. except. for- ^lu^fu^r^anbet ir^). untie. bcr auj^hjdrtig. export eign. bic aui^fommen (fam au«. complete. be- ba« 5(u9C {-^. to utter. full. sides. to express. fd^Iug to stand up.). to put awfrtt^tcn. from. (-. aufmadjcn. -en). exit. -n). to loosen. -). out. to press or speak out. to erase. -n).VOCABULARY fluf^citetn. trat auf. ift pute). au8* wake gcfcl)cn). instantly. auigf^rcd^cti (er fprid^t au^. extend. live peaceably with. aufgcfcffcn). stop. au^gefprod^en). aufgctreten). aufgcftanbcn). ^t). to raise up. straighten. auffte^en (ftanb auf. to nations. out of. result. to get along with. lief au0. to auSge^en (ging au8. -^c). to au^lt)if(iften. fcin). au^ {dat. commit to by heart. ift auf. memory. cease. upright. (er fd^Iftgt au3. au^gefd^Iagen). besides. (-c8. 199 ift to cheer or brighten up. ( momentary — ily). for. abroad. to open. to commit (crimes. attentive. au^brittfcn. to listen attentively. express. augcnMicflit^. aUi^itben. instantaneous(ly). to make to essay. — bcr ^uSgang act of going to wipe out or away. moreover. auj^laufctt (er iSuft au«. to break out. reception. to look. appear. bud. to go out.)^ waiter. by. auigfeftcn (er fiefit appear. out.

haXt^. befommen (befam. -^c). retain. (-e^. {ground) (-. peasant. to an end. hti^t^ auf. path. post. compassion. govern. to guard. beenben {also beenbigen). for example. to begin. come into the mind. two. beflagen. bie S3eg(cttung (-. -). till. ser- belaufc^en. betnabe. to brook. manage. small farmer. -^c. . der. obtain. nearly. to order. to room. be^crrfc^cn. ha^ to pon- ht'tQi6)i). bie signify. 2. -en). to bring to bemerfen. gebiffen). baker. ber occur \iOi^ Saum (-e^. to vant. ba6 85anb band. ment. preserve. -e). fiel ht\. both. to cultivate. -en). to nection with. bank to handle. to base. bctftctt (bt6. significant. fid^ command. e^). remark. ein — get. to bite. lackey. ready (money). importance. acquainted. ^(tci^Icin). to inform. -n. beginning. bebtelt. hcL^ Sabc^immcr 25a^n soon. beib ( — — e. ^um example. significance. bacfcn (er bacft. to perceive. bebunbeltt. tree-pole. rib- begriinben. building. bebeutett. eavesdrop. notice. {money hank). found. commence. bewail. -e). bon. baben^ to bathe. befommen). -^e). ift ber S3auer (-^ or -n. to inspire. bie Sarmftcrsigfcit (-). accompany. to rule over. buf^'gebacfen). ber 83drfcr {-^. bet {dat. dim. treat. -n). befannt. ba« befinben befunben). bar. bare. fill with en- thusiasm. by. (er bebalt. -^er). Bebeutenb. bath bcginnen (begann. pro- tect. (-. tree. cash. at. beifattctt (er fcillt bel. to carry. course. to bake. ber S3aum^faft( (-«. bear in mind. reflect. begciftern. ber S3cgtnn (-e^). to lament. ber S3au (-e^. to to. bcfc^Ien (er beftebit. S3ctn (-^. be. er). bcffen. terminate. to count upon. bebenfen (bebac^te. forebode. leg. (-3. befabi. known. fallen). — ih ^0/ sion. — cultivate. \ bcbaften (-. feel. stake. bank -en). railway.). almost. 23ebeutung (-. ^e). bcbitten. (-. to build. !iauen. finish. in con- structure. (befanb. -). -e or -ten). to keep. important. bie -en). bebauen. accompani- road. begonnen).2CX5 BEGINNERS GERMAN » ber Sadft (-e«. bark. to ber ^cbientc (-n. to listen to. bebalten). befolfilen). meaning. bic S3attf: i. bench. till. begteiten. -en). 83etf)jiel (-^. at the side of. to bie S3cfebruttg conver- mean. direct. attendance. mercy.

(-e^. befd^ieben). Befcftcinen (befd^ien. befeffen). befd^lenen). voca- ficffcr. ber S3erg (-(e)g. fic^ to behave.y dominions. deliberation. in the best way. of gut. erty. climb. to exist. ftc5 beftrcben. . con- information. bie fiirj . -e). -en). bcnal^in. dispose. en- possession fiefingen of. possess. -en). bcnannt). already. title. to in« (bei). appoint. to take away. of. to assign S3efinnwng (-). Bcftc^cn (beftanb. (ship). possession. assign. designate. pains. bcftanbig.. thoughtful. ready. -en). arrange. (-. to cend. superl. tion. 6cfc()cn (er befief)t. nommen). ber ©cfi^ (-c^)/ possession. to consist of. moderate. dependencies. guard. to un- modest. to his senses. bcfdfteiben. pl. S3cratung consultation. continue. pass Ibefcfteiben through. be^ fprod^en). constant. be* 6cnc^mcn (er benimmt. -en). compar. Ibcncnncn (benanntc. to exert one's self. Befungen). celebrate in song. bte deavor. right. fierettcn. fixed. (befcfiieb. ficftc. deliberate. prepared. Bef (ftii^en. qualification. office. famous. to discuss. beftiegen). go on board describe. to as- shine upon. befef)en). befd^rieben). trouble. to sing attend. council. answer. unassuming. to cided. little reflection. dergo. take hit 23eftrebung (-. engage. determined. to have a (p) brlngen. effort. to occupy. defend. Befc^cn. hit Bcftctten. Ibeciuem. description. Bcfonncn. to bcftcigcn (beftieg. calling. to order. au^. to stand (a test). — to Bcfi^en (befaS. -c). httixf)mt. auf6 — beftellt. profession. with with quick pres- — 83ercc()tigung (-. -c). definite. to visit. look at. dis- htttxt^. light up. reflection. ber S3efc^ctb knowledge. mountain. arranged for the best. (befang. ber S3eruf (-(e)6. — allot. Befucften. mount. to sit upon. cinen gur — terest. to prepare. -en). comfortable. beftimmt. prop- endeavor. exertion. ence of mind. extraordinarily. particularly. name. take part in. to converse. to bring one share. try to obtain. beftanben). htipttd)tn (er befprtc^t. de- S3efc^reibung (-. of gut. berett. bcteiligcn. ft(^ — an a share. bie S3cfi^ung (-. to protect. VOCABULARY ba^ JBcmii^Ctt 20I M). be interested in. have. — ftd^ mit einem . cuss with one. befa^. especially. befprac^. regard. tinuous. Befcftreiben (befc^rieb. conference. ble Ibcfonbcr)^. steady.

. lend. glance. flower. fine. bie JBicnc (-. ber JBUcf (-eg. ber show. mere. ht^afiUn. soil. merely. conduct one's htttcxhtn self. honest. prime. -). Ibku. bee. . bag fStot (-eg. drive upon. hintftrXf to enter (a house). dim. worthy. portrait. to bittc. good. to edu- Ibraufcn. htauttjCtx. floor. liilben. . compose. hitttn (bat. brother. to enter upon. boat. ba6 S3Ub (-c€. Ibraun. only. ""^r. betrat. to pursue (studies). -n). to Uxdtn. pear. Ift geblicben). wicked. news- ber f8cixa(i)t (-(c)g). -e). Silbungi^beftrcBung (-. hx^.. -en). plenipotentiary. carry on. book. fort for education. hcttttcn (cr bctrttt. see cheap. to form. blood. BriiberUt^l. blue. gebeten) urn. — one invested with to blossom. ber S3chJ0^ner (-«. to size. borgen. gebroc^en). bloft. to also anbinben. resident. manifest. knave. brotherly. htttdd)tl\di. leaf. just. Brett. -n). rage. please. ber 93c«tcl (-«. fid^ — Utxhcn (blieb. die. gebrad^t). adj. gebunben). to look. to cate. bie S3irnc (-. sack. bed. roar. ground. bag SBUbcrbud^ (-eg. emphaha^ matt (~c«. to pay. bag S3tut (-eg). to step on. brad). time. to bleed. inhabitant. ha^ mdtU d^en). evil. purse. letter. -e). loyal. moderate. ef- broad. to bie fSlutt^tit -en). to use. bctrtcben). (-n. picture- Ibred^en (er bridfit. flowering prove. -n). want. betoicfen). BcttJcifen (betnie^. ber 83ct)ottma(l^ttgtc er). to bring. follow up. to behave. bliil^cn. considerable. attic. malicious. (betrteb. to blossom. -e). hk f8inmt -n. bag fSoot (-eg. to sparkle. ber JBruber (-g. up (down) to. chest. bctrug. pluck. flourish. beginners' GERMAN lay stress on. fiijfc. (-. image. breast . blade. -). sideration. ber f&uht (-n. ^). sheet. continue. tread. betreten). -^er). naked. (brac^te. bctragen). htat)f excellent. -^e) . picture. -er). -e and 33ote). f&ohtn (-g. tie. to lighten. glit- bare. to stay. power. amount to. -en). bad. bie to break. adv. (-. to borrow. -n). beg for. till. upright. ter. wide. fair. lead-pencil. con- paper. Ibtllig. ^). look. figure. ber SBlcifttft (-eg. remain. brown. ber JBrtef (-eg. etn full filutcn. bosom. boy. htivaqcn to (er bctragt. point of view. to need. shine. Btcber. bread. bringcn binben (banb. scamp. as far as. respect. bie 93ruft (-. to. -e). ha^ fSeti (-eg. Mi^en. angry. storm.202 httonttt.

roof. bic. ( . at or on it. cover. that. past. thanks. barauf (brauf). as. tft by. -n). aJz. the. sword. adv. chorus.y therewith. there within. — yours. for that (it). cr. thereof. thereit from that place. bundle. representation. barau)^ (braug). banfen. bafiir. thereon. ba^ ')t)atii (-€«. to bte ^erfc (-. (of -«). thereupon. there. fellow. burden. ba§. to cover. Bucftftabiercti. at the ba^ Saturn date. hamxi. indeclinable) y Christ. with that (it). butter. ba^tn. stoop. to to. there- from. then. thence. by it. therefore. away. baft. hence. that. beside. gone. out of bcr it (this. then. that. ber. that (it). -n). bte ^orftcttung (-. -"-c). barinnen. thereout. over that (it). thine. ^aucr (-). ba« S3ubgct H. -en). side. since. ber X)egen (-«. bann. book. big—. in regard ©utter (-). -e). therefrom. ha^ ^ild^* gun. after that. your. till then. thereby. -^cr. citizen. . it ance. bcr ber G^l^rtft that). in(-en. bte (-«/ ®ctta or SDaten). Council Germany). remain. thence. lad. bit SBiirbe (-. -0. Suttbc^rat (-eg. where. conj. load. where. of or by (that). continue. thereby. -). -n). upon that. continu- baburc^. 203 dim. (Ilirift(u^) (7y dat. (-t. Ictn). bafterfommcn (fam gefommen). close ba^ SSiinbcI {-^. so hit IBitrfffc (-. come along. choir. ^c). hixdtn. duration. near next to it. which. to last. to spell. therein. (that). it. bit baran (bran). — — — yours. ). ber f8nxqtt (-^. it (ba^) Si^or (-c^. to that place. it (that. barum (brum). because. then. baneben. in (this. bat)on. ace. bauern. -).. when. -n). Federal ber ^ant (-eg). it.. to bow.. -unx. against balder.. therewith. ceiling. along. bomalig. bcr ^urfcftc (-n. -en). burgher. e. barin (brin). at that time. — — — thy. thereat. baftet. -en). about ba. banac^.y in order to. Christian. inasmuch as. that. eg. away. e. upon it. same time. lady. budget.VOCABULARY ba^ f8n^ i-ti. them). bagcgen. conj. bic bein ^amc (-. dative (case). ber ^atit) (-g. thereon about that. -^cr). at that time. bafier* off. ba^ (ifi)c. berfcn. on the eve of. ber by. exhibition. conj. them). thither. -). bai)tv. boriiber. for through that. to thank. (of).

btcnftbar. biinn. ^esember bag (-g). bcutUdft. eln ^eutfdfter (ber — bte — en).. German e. ber ^ireftor (-g. Germany. -). a brei. -g). -). three. the quicker. def. btcf. -^er). bag^)feI6c. yet. see bort. -en). stout. head- to divide. that one. bte^mal. still. servant. bag Xiorf (-eg. ber ^Ottnerftatt (-g. ber ^onneri^tag (-eg. adj. be^l^alb. third. bag X)ing (-eg. ber ^eutfd^ficrremjrben (-«. fat. those. that pron. neverdo fag mir the same. and adj. -). — e. of. broftenb. than. 3. -e). bag ^ienftmdbcften (-g. Wiener (-g. War (1618-48). — me. Thirty Years' breift. -e). the. (one). unless. third. gSf)Ien. or demons. dollar. — {ha^tt. the latter. 2. ^eutft^Ianb (-g. and -t). guage). {ace). resounding ligible. befto. -). theless. small.. though. German. dark. think. an. fine. who. division. gloomy. f)et6t. bold(ly). bcfUniercn. . intel- ber Cottar (-g. threatening. so on this account. ba8=)iemge. manager. German Order. clear. beutft^. to grow dark. pron. to compose. thing. ducat. this.. -en). thick. bunfel.. (lan- bort. -en). -e).). serviceable. through. across. elier. village. -e). principal master (of a school). -e). btci§ products.. ber ^tcftter (-g. December. the ber ^reifeigiaftrige ^rieg. bumm. hit (-. -). bicftten. \t fd^neHer. hd^ t)erfte]f)en ®le ? you certainly understand that? I hope you understand that? tell — — . bcr*(bic'. it hit ^itJtfion (-. art. thought to girl. bag ^rtttet (-g.204 bit beginners' GERMAN (-. which. to thunder. for. that. . count in German. to think of. servant -en). —eg). pron. thief. this one.). by means ber ^ten^tag (-eg. bttJtbiereti. the. bunfetn. ft. thin. bortfelbft. service. ment. German. obscure. knights of the ber b. ^cHtnation ^cnftrbctt declension. ber ber ^ieb (-eg. dictation. monu- bag ^iftat (-g. German. -e). the sooner. however. — of thunder. therefore. ber ^ufatcn (-g. to decline. -e). Tuesday. {before a rel. write poetry. much. then. ber (Me. director. burtft ber ^tcnft (-eg. bcr*(bie*. benn. poet. bag): i. gebad^t). rel. this time. -^er ha^ ^tntmal (-g. bag ^eutf(f|e (-n). britter (-e. -). distinct (ly). auf — bonnern. he. biftieren. benfen (—er. in Thursday. to dictate. she. by. courageous. there. but. -eg). bocft. stupid. neut.

©infatt (-(e)g. Sble. good ccfig. cinanber. a few. cifcrfiidfttig. all the ple. hurry. proper. thirsty. (-. biirfcti hasten. ift einf)er^ ti)tf gegangen). likewise. der about. cial. cincrlci. ber 2)urft (-c«). sooner. into. ftd^ ay! indeed! why! jealous. immaterial. to cin^olcn. certainly. cin^nngcn to bring citier moKcn. venerable. peosort. annflug flowing \>k @cfc (-. pull or pass through. any. -n). a. fotlcn. (-ffe^. import etn. peculiarity. fetch. c^tltJiirbtg. to light 205 throughout. cornered. honest. honor. ber man of noble birth or character. one. burd^mac^ctt. another. smooth. to etn (eine. an. peculiar. ct! eimgcmal. union. to obtain. in. ber ©igcntiimct (-§. trade. -iiffe). etc. cinig. ber ber @inful)rf)anbe( (-g). Ctgen. volunteer prop- soldier serving erly speaking. before. illuminate. as. go to meet or einige. curious. each other. burc^gcgogcn). ebcnfatt^. ere. mogen. even. §). bte (SUe (-). e^rlic^. be permitted. a few times. bie (^in^ufec (-. one time. ba^ @t (-eg. really. just. cUctl. proprietor. loss. -en). burfte. corner. adv. to bring in. former- ctnnrabcn (er griibt ein. damage.VOCABULARY burdjlcud^'ten. quite. ein* ebe(. cinmal. unity. falling in. noble. cojnparative of ci^rcn. ©inigung ment. of eficn. some. (er barf. united. (Siniaf)rig*i^rein}iltige. -). one. etgentUd^. to thirst. peculiar. notion. sively. to move along. geburft). strange. eingebracfit). angular. ber Ctgcnfinmg. larly miiff en. earlier. headstrong. to finish. in. i(^ But: Simi- f)abe : augcjc^en biitfcn. e]f)C. simple. proper. to overtake. egg. honorable. influence. one. ( burftig. cinigcn. wan- ly. single. to to draw. hurry. ein). just as sudden ber idea. cinja^rig. a person. bie bie ©tmgfeit (-). precisely. cinfad^. bur(^i$icften (^09 burc§. brighten. one another. (brad^te etn. adv. c^cr. -en). real. cbcnfo. to agree. dare. one year. -er). — — e. one same. level. (belonging to) excluspeed. just. -n). biirftcn. grub gegraben). to dig in. ©bdmann (-e^. esteem. once.. be thirsty. agree- bte (Jtgcnart (-. in. own. thirst. f onncn. edge. -leute). self-willed. highborn. nobleman. spe- strange. ought. once upon . cigcntiimlic^. single. haste. lasting one year. -^e). envious. just so. cinftcrgetjen (ging etn{)er.. — Qut ber Xoxt. to engrave.

cmpori^cben (f)ob ©inmalcin^. element. noc^ . final. etnpfaf)!. solitary. some day. enbgiiWtg. to rise or soar to capture. gather emporgef(f)tt)ungen). object. cntna^im. develop- cmpfof)Ien). golten). enbloi^. cm^jfinbcn (empfanb.2o6 2. cntfanbt). entsmeigebrod^en). to fallen). to fall from or out of. ent* for. infinite. to receive. English. once one. upwards. protestation. . enter. ift ent* bic ©intrat^t (-). cnt^ alien (er entfialt. w^xifam. -en). ben). ^iafctfUcftlic^i. -^c). brac& entatuet. entfiel. railroad. bcr ©itttritt (-(c) g. (er entujebcr. inclusive. (^Uctn {pi. \iit at last. concord. ©tfcnfia^tt (-. finally. -e). (the number) one. entstucibreci^en (er brid^t entatoel. last. r. em^or. aim. in two. d»ft. ten). of bit one mind. entfial^^ singular (number). hit ^tn^al^l (-). ending. to excuse. to brea* experience. BEGINNERS' GERMAN time.'>3 promote. (-n). -en). ©nbung (-. on high. lish. either. cntgcltcn (er entgilt. tiit tion. cmpfief)It. evlbauen. final. cmpfangen). (er entfprcc^cnb. contain. entfc^ulbtgen. entf)ielt. ciu). to step in. grandson. terminato arrange. f. -n). more. to bag ©lemcnt (-g. enblid^. order. endless. J one. union. empfing. to feel. einjcln. to receive. -c). to raise up or forward. eltt. up. ber ©nfcl (-g. vnuftnjeilcn. disco very ^ disclosure. eta^. entfcnbcn (entfanbte. asunder. atone entrance. recom- ment. estabtion. to raise up. col- up.m'ii gebrad^t). suddenly. -en). to commend. englift^. tit cntne^mcn (er entnimmt. -en). to hold. furnish. separate. entnommen). (Hn^ (-). hit @nttt)i(Httng (-.trat ein. off. opposition. to suffer for. in the meantime. to build up. just. bie send ing. only. OBce — emporbringcn (brad^tc entpor. (-(e)«.Uf — . aloft. (single) state. alone. end. one time. borrow from. adv. efntrctcn (er tritt ein. lonesome. lonely. ©ntberfung (-. admission. tftinc^mcn (er nimmt na^m in. bag ©nbc (-g. begin. mend. bag ©nglifc^c prohibi- English (lan- HiX (Bin\ptndj guage). cntfattctt (er entfallt. railway. entering on.ift cingc* treten). purpose. -). to take In. entgalt. cmporge^o* plication table. lect. single. bcr ©inaclftaat (-e^. etnpfunben). c^tAtiditen. \i6) emporf(^mingen (fc^toang cmpor. once. suitable. only)^ parents. correspond- empfangcn empfc^Icn empfangt. eingenommen). -en). sometime. solitary. cin. multi- empor. erect. to take away or from.

to ba^ (SrWcit (~^. world. tx^idi. undergo. to learn. -en). acquisition (by conquest). bie important. erfunbtgcn. 207 crSffnen. -ffe). meal. foremost. maintain. startled. to disclose. ertolefen). ift (er erllfc^t. crfcnnen (erfanntc. crfal^rcn). -). e. continent. indeed. erricftten. to find out. erriet. grave. hit (-ffeg. crraten). eating. erfannt). ^ee (grbball. nearly. crfolgcn {aux. re- first. to inquire. support. answer. to declare. (er tv\)alt. cPar. er* crjiel^eii (ergog. crfulir. ring. inheritance. crfcftrcrfcn (er erfd^ricft. hold eri^ alien of. ift ethjad^fen (er ertoad^ft. -). fein). lofd^en). edible.VOCABULARY ha^ Qtht (-0). to er* to keep. e. donkey. globe. uphold. to be frightened. ernjud^g. bag ©rbcnrunb (-e«). only. earth. ift part of the erfd^rocfen). receive. surprised. ertoibcrn. about. infer. erftaunen (aux. to lay ished. erlofc^. inheritance. to erect. ergreifen crgriffen). erflarcn. to disclose. to open. -n). etl^eblid^. crft. attain. M). to con(-). world. bag — the first. eraogen). ©rfinbung sult. seize. crtoeifen (ertoieg. world. to eat. to be aston(ergrlff. -en). to prove. crMic^. to to recognize. cttDtt. ground of the erfd^Ioffen). until. food. bie Qtohttnnq (-. ersafften. bag @ft5tmmcr (-g. crfc^raf. divine. unclose. n)ad^fen). endure. crteilen. to tell. to explain. crreic^cn. give. to reply. to resound. @rbfunbe knowledge -t). hereditary. account. but just. narration. ble come to know. erlDarten. erfcftUcfecn (erfd^Iog. grow. unlock. perhaps. geology. htv. crfalftrctt (er erfiif)rt. feln). to suffer. geography. conquest. educate. gegeffen). ber ©fetiftft (-e^^ -c)/ dining. bestow. show. erfialten). erratcn (er errclt. soil. fid^ anticipation. ©rjal^lung (-. (-. crlijfcftcn narrative. not bie. become etna^ren. set up. follow from. . — — — er. expect. know. clude. dining-room. erf(^aHen {aux. -en). go out. -en). effaced. -c). serious. maintain. considerable. render. (^toaxinnq (-. eatable. to extinguish. eg. to rear. earnest. bag @ffcn (-g). to reach. bag ^rbgefrffofe floor. await. publish. firstly. found. earth. invention. relate. ifet. ass. to nourish. crnft. bie erleibcn erittten). to impart. bk ©rbe ground. heritage. grow up. cffcn (er a6. fein). heritable. bcr (Sfel (-g. expectation. to open. to look for. bring up. (erlitt. alarmed. for the first time. weighty. crmittein. (-.table. ber @rbtci( (-eg. bcr (SrbbaE guess. story.

industrious. feft. fcl^lcn. -e). faft. ridge or ledge of rock. in- vestigator. a little. require. fault. ber gcli^ (-en. to flow. -n). enemy. -). hard. to be pen. bag Sort (-«. •^). -e). ber almost. bie Seftftcttung the deter- bk ber bit fjofirif (-. -). corridor. (-. (-. meat. festi- factory. -^ffe). ber Slur (-e^. mistake. festival. always. cliff. forwarding. the fixing. flag. (-g. lazy. forever. -er). beginners' GERMAN somewhat. fiefangen). foul. finger. -en). bie @njt(|fcit (-. fern. stream. -e). ba^ ©jamcn examina- ba^ gcnfter (-«. -e). to proceed.). banner. quill. -^e). field. fortress. flame. something. (-. to ail. navy. drop. reef. gaben Saline (-^. drive. to seize. -en) (-^. catch. ready. dispatch. -n). ba^ gclfenrtff (-e«. to wanting or debie summon. take prisoner. to find. -en). cuer). color. ber on. flesh. form. fertig. window. holiday. ber geinb (-e^. searcher. ber fjc^ler (-^. fotgcnbermaftcn. area. hall. to flutter. tion. fast. (-6. ber fjefttag (-e«. -). float in the wind. feather. foul. -). condition. rock. -en). folgen {dat. ftng. or ber gelfen cucr (eurc. bie fjlottc (-.-n). (-eg). ftel. (-. fiittt. thread. -g). fail. expedition. flicficn (flofe. tory. complete. finben (fanb. February. -en). geflogen). in the Scbcr (-. to be missing to demand. firm. rotten. Singer (-^. il^r. ba^ family. facbie contents. val day. ful^r. (aux. bk ?yarbc faff en. place). fist. challenge. as follows. -n). (-. bie fjauft (-. -n). -en). to go (in a conveyance). -tnina). -e). i^oxm shape. establishment. eternity.208 titt)a§. factory. . ift gefallen). -en). surface. fort. to follow. -e). only)^ vacation. circulation. to be (in rcn). to Pattern. ift — fid^ . holiday. to find one's self. bie i^aftoxti agency. gramme SJIcifcId (-. forbcrn. bie bk fjerien {pi. following manner. ber gorfc^cr ficient. -). -en). nearly. ber gldc^feninftaft (-g. ber i^tkxtaq (-e§. (-. fein). journey. gefunben). ba^ ??elb (-e8. eternally. S^ug (-ffeg. sail. or f)at gefalfi* fasten (er fdf)rt. to fly. your. flow. river. far (off). ift (er fdngt. of cttJtg. gen. days. distant. to fltegen (flog. diligent. go travel. manu- mining. bk Samilic fangcn f(etfttg. some. fatten (er fall. ber bie gcbruar (-«). ift gefloffen). or absent. fleet. holi- ©gpcbttion (-. figure. to miss.

madam. 209 in ber on. -en). ber freedom. free. bag gransofifd^e (-n). to ask. happy disposition. ift fic^ — (liber or gen. carry (on). to eat {oj beasts). fraqen. shine. fivefold coach- to be sure. tainly. fruit. bag frelfpre^cn giinffad^c. to acquit. greunb (-eg. joy. at liberty. -en). continuation. to continue. frier en (fror. joyful. foreign country. vigorous. cheerful. to depart. volunteer. ber Sro^ittn ber St^an^ofc (-n. neut. woman. improvement. to lead. (fd^ritt fortgc* to rejoice. ber Sortfc^ritt -c). Su^rmann (-eg. carry on. endure. forward. btc early. btc f^urc^t fear. fifth. {ace). freuen. fortfatircn (er fiijrt fort. -n). quintuplet. freffen frag. make (-eg. Sreunbin friend. five. friift. fortgefa^ren). gay. pel. -). fresh. btc fjortfc^ung (-. peace. young (unmarried) lady. be pleased. carrying on. ful^r fort. friend. give pleasure to. to last. be glad. -e). off. franjofifc^. fprad^ fret. spring. S^^eubc (-. travel proceed. cheerful. -e). for. French (lan- guage). delight. of course. -n). -leute). friendly.VOCABULARY fort. -en). ift — continue to bie Srcmbc. to freeze. breakfast. please. -n). gladness. gay. fiinfte. friendship. Frenchman. tiaben. sparkle. fiir ber Sreitag (-g. driver. on- bte ward. fiinffad^. off. to make glad. question. drive off away. — tor. progress. French.). joyous. away.). wife. bag Srii^ja^r (-(e)g. gefroren). Srau (-. have a vacation. improve or advance. pious. granfrctc^i (-g. ber griitjling (-g. spring. — fit^len. go on. funfein. frol^. happy. fort. ber Sreimitttge (-n. ber bte to move onward. fiefrcffen). furticftc^cn (beftanb fort. ^tm'^t strange. -en). fortgctricbcn). forttrcilben (trieb fort. bag Srdulcin (-g. be to drive away or onward. foreign. frcuttblid^. -n). kind. exist. fretlid^. merry. honest. fromm. portion five times as freigcfprod^en). . -e). to glitter. frifd^. joyous. of. female progress. to continue. joyful. frij^lid^. France. great. freubig. abroad. . cer- fitnf. -n). unknown. bte greunbft^aft (-. bag ffru^ftitrf (-g. fear unusual. bie fjrud^t (-. pleasure. fortbeftan* ben). ir). (-(0^)/ cheerfulness. to pro- cold. fret. Friday. upright. man. to fii^ren. (er frlfet. ber ?Jrtebe(n) (-ng. -e). advance. Miss. (er fprid^t fret. -^e). or fortfdjirciten fci^ritten). to feel. Mrs. bie Srci^eit (-. (times). bic f?ragc (-. -nen). (-. -e).

on an occasion. ber ©eburti^tag (-(c)^. on occasion gclcftrt. building. eign. hall. spiritual. foot. hotel. to go. ber ©arten {-^. goose. to succeed. -^c). entire. entirely. learned gebac^t). very. geUngcn (eg gelingt mir. (to). somewhere near. -^c). prep. indeed. gefaKett (er gefiillt. to intend. object. member. -e). at.. complete. prov- bag ©clb (-eg. feln). attain (to). gebenfen (gebac^tc. patience. against. -c). gebarett (fie spirituous. person. at all. floor. design. gclangcn {aux. -cr). -n). poem. to tal. {with dat. gelegentlid^. inn. bo^ (^a\i\)avi^ gcl^ijren {dat. birth. verily. opposite bcr bcr @abc( (-. to reach. cor- (-). bcr ©drtncr (-«. ift gcgangen). ha^ ©cgcntcil (-c^. forsooth. money-sack. ince. (-en. endurance. -c). ber gufe H^/ '^^). (^. foot. fitrtoai^r. yellow. well- thought to re- informed. f)umanen ©elfteg. nid^tg. in relation to. give birth to. gclb. about. plan. — nid^t. ^t). pedestrian. soul. quite. all. fiibt. gar. nothing at all. bag ©cflirr (-g. towards. that will not do.2IO fiircfttcn. prep. BEGINNERS GERMAN to fear. -tn). men- Qcbiert.). gatlj. bic preceding). . suit. soverbic ^ebulb (-). to give. -en). scholar. instructed. {ace). presence. of. opposite. gelang. -). territory. ideal world. to be (in health). gcbar. bcr ©cgcnftanb (-c^. get. bear. - or ^). contrary. native. intellect. adv. -). -^e). gcQeben). money. district. ^er). to go or fare with. gefaffcn. to ber @cift (-eg. walking tour. bcr ©clbfarf (-eg. birthday. -er). gu — dat. prosper. bcr Sufeboben (-6. hit SJufercife (-. occasional. origin. . born. bag. geboren. incidental. ble ©cgcnttjart @ang Q^an^ (-c^. all. gelungen). ridor. gcborcn). fork. ber ©clcl^rte (-n. family. ift bag @cbt(^t (-eg. not at — walk. garden. sefiel. -n). bic ©cbanfctttoclt (-.)j to please. path.-c). gcifttg. of the spirit of culture. present time. gardener. bcr fjiirft forbearance. whole. belong to. -). prince. -en). -n. mind. clanking. gallows. gCgCttiiber. -). arrive gcbcn c6 hcL^ (er ^\hi\ i^ah. ha^ ©cbdubc {-%. bic ©cfiurt by birth. intellectual. as concerns. affair. on gegen. there is (are). bag gef)t nic^t. (-eg. — r). ein world. ber ffufegangcr (-«. ^). subject. -e). ©algcn (-^. opposed to. gc^en (ging. spirit. ©cbict (-e«. opposite. bic (-. prepared. learned.

in com- bie ©efettMaft sociation. jewels. bag &ia^ (-eg. (fitting). -e). 211 (-. spice trade. price). sure(ly). top. fellow. powerful. geologist. sight. bag ©etreibe (-g. cus- bcr @efang (-e«. ering. -). summit. as- common. luster. corn. affair. greedy. grain. getreulitft. story. ift ge* to happen. mighty. to like. exact. equal. business. splendor. gicrig. common. social gath- kindly. drinking glass. -(e)n). water (collective) . fixed. gcmittlid^. bie am liebften). gefunb. bie ©efcfttd^te -en). bag ©eft^aft (-eg. glory. willingly. bag ©etretbefom (-g. ber @cfeff(e) (-(e)n. alike. conscience. occupation. gettiift. total bag ©ehJtffen (-g. floor. straightforward. -e). glass. sound. even. healthy. -). story. gent (Ueber. geni- sedate. ber (SJehiiirsl^anbel (-g). commerce history. bag @cfe^ (-eg. -^n). only). sufficiently. btc @ef(fttoifter (pi. -e). magnificence. readily. genjalttg. song. straight. disposed. little. ber ^(ans (-eg). trifling. bag ©ettJiirs (-eg. employment. enough. -). -en). cheerful. panion. health. gefe^t. ba6 ©e^kuber (-«. ba6 ©crid^t (-e^. fd^e{)en). -c). bag ©efdftofe (-ffeg. ber ©t^jfel (-g. -). -c). unim- grain. gering. court of justice. established. small. countenance. flood. -^c). geftffc^en (eg 0cfd^ie()t. in spice. company. (-g. . -«. close accurate. brilliant. gldnjenb. bag ©efic^t (-eg. think. -). -^r). ordinary. bcr (3coioq (-en. -e). getocrBlid^. firearm. glazier. genjd^nli(^. etc. gain(ing). set up. brightness. spice. genug. even. face. chatter. agreeable. acquisition. ber ©crmancnftamm (-eg. cereal. gefc^al^. -en). (-. stem. judgment. -ffe). (-. bie ©efunbfteit (-. mon. value (worth. com- glauben. certain(ly). tive (case). usual. yesterday. to believe. -). strong. brother(s) and sister (s). -^er). Germanic family. level. arrow. cozy. legislation. portant. bcr ©cnittti (or -ctit). bie gcnau. splendid. held good-natured. tomary. just. quite. bcr ©lofer (-g. -en). bag ©enjdffer (-g. bie ^eminnung (-. -). minded. seasoning. race. -en). -er or -e). @efamt0et)blferung total population. industrial. — Ijiabcn. faithfully. minute. gefinnt. well. geftern. society.VOCABULARY gcmcittfam. law. bag ©efdftmeibc trinkets. ©efe^gebung (-. erect. singing. bcr ©efamtmcrt (-e8. -en). with pleas- ure. g(e)rabe. gleid^. ^c). professional.

member. fleet of commermerchantmen. to thrive. to greet. ©runbbcri^cr to landed affair. establishment. prosper. griinben. bag (iJrab (-eg. grave. grau. ^). beginners' GERMAN equivalent. estate. -cr). successful. gliirfHc^. giittig. happiness. farm. -n). -en). bag ©rtcc^ifcldc Greek (lan- ber neck. commerce. well. (-eg. ftaficn (er ()at. @unft (-). trade. ^er). commerce. ap- rank or file. maintain. foundation. (-. fortune. hit ©riinbung to -en). har- bor. ber ^alm ^al^ (er (-eg. property. @rogc (-. -). . f)a(t. good. commercial city. f)atte. Greek. W ^anbcli^beste^ung mercial relations. -e). bic ber ^anbcli^toeg (-eg. base. to glitter. griigeti. old man.will. -n). higher school in which the classical languages are emphasized. (-n). pupil of glow. groff.212 gtcie^giifttg. bag ©liirf (-eg). indifferent. binding. path of @ruppe (-. pos- fortunate. founding. favor. ^anb (-. blade. bag @ttt (-eg. group. stalk. -ien). hemisphere. to have. golben. to %xqfi% a rather tallness. -e). bie ^anbel^flottc (-. god. griitt. golden. goods. (-. W W bag (SJnabc (-. business. found. bag ber ber ©outjerncur (-g. horrible. haven. gold-coast. ©ra^ (-eg. admissible. awful. -e). grogere l^atten f)lelt. W ftalii. (-eg. tall. port. plicable. German bag @oIb (-eg). ^er). green. (-. gold. glii^en. to grasp. -en). God. -n). -n). -n). bie ^anbcli^ftabt (-. bie gli^ern. to celebrate. grauentjott. -^e). to contain. gegriffen). Jpalbfugcl (-. @l)mnafmm (-g. gray. -^er). grass. commercial settlement. good thing. gel^abt). proprietor. gritnen. hand. beft). ©runbform tal fundamenbie cial fleet. ba^ ©Itcb (-eg. mercy. grow or be green. good. greatbie hold. favor. guage). establish. -n). colony. luck. success. valid. glisten. ber (-g. gut (beffer. to support. ber @i)mnafiaft (-en. -e). ber (^oii (-eg. ^anbel (-g). keep. hair. ©olbfiiftc (-. gilt. legal. think. ge()alten). -^e). link. to large W ber number. grctfen (griff. ^aar ^afcn half. -en). governor. ness. (-. ^anbel^meberloffung -en). happy. bag grace. -e). session. (-g. hit com- ground. size. burn. form(s) (principal parts). -^er). ber @rei^ (-eg. lucky. grtecftifc^. a ®i)mnafium. -^e).

little month. gcfanbt). l^ctmatUt^. IJcrfa^rcn (er faf)rt Ificrgcfafircn). journeyman. Iftcnfcn. to hew. cruel. i^craui^fcnbcn (fanbtc Ificrau^. near. l^cr. ^amjtftabt (-. nad^ ftcrantnaciftfctt (er mcid^ft l^cran. chief. bag ^tihtnxMUin {-^. -n). since. bcr bright. to profit. -t).-n).). ^tx). i^cbcn (f)ob. (-. ift J^crangenjad^fen). obhateful. heath. gcf)auen). beat. ha^ ^ccr (-e^. bie bic -^e). W^r 9cl)oIfcn. ^etinc hen. hither. handle. ha^ ^cft (-e^. avail. ap- on the heath. -«-cr). to hang. one's home. i^aftUc^. capital. ha^ ^anpt (-e^. ugly. bic hit ^anfa (-). hero(ic) aspiration. army. . -e). ju §aufc. h)ud^« §aufc Qcl^cn. to be i^eitcr. ^croBfteigen ftiegen). ful^r ^tx. to go home. -^er). -c). holy. ba^ ^an^ (-e^. trade. this way. chief (ly). busi- bic ^eimat home. gcf)obcn). named. -n). native place belonging to ness. ^anfoftabt (-. -c). to raise. l^Ctfe. native. difficult.VOCABULARY hit 213 (-). f)txah^aUtn ift (er fiillt l^crab. front door. (ftieg fjcrab. -n). gel^ctfecn). to grow up. breeze. ift rose to come in hither. arrive a vehicle. bcr ^dbcnbatcr (er fiilft. to send out. -c). at home. ba^ ^an^tttii (rt^. fein). shop. cut. (-8. principal part. main point. to unpleasant. secret (ly). dismount. cheerful. principal. mean. called. city of the Hanseatic league. severe. to fall down. f^att. main. -en). breath. eling artisan. approach. fid Ificrab. copy-book. l^ermarfr^tcrcn {aux. ^cil! hail! f)txl\Q. l^erabgef alien). iftclfen to lash. l^eimltc^. ^an^ (-c«. uncultivated land. noun. (-. to do (-. move or drive hastily along. i^eigen to command. main street. father. lift. ^au^tfac^liri^. bcr ^anhtr)ttUhm{tt^c (-n. -). autumn paper-covered book. chief city. to descend. Hanseatic league. bic Scran. ift l^crabgc* ha^ ^anpttt)oxi (-c^. strike. proach. -en). to help. bie ^ctbe (-. ter. l^ercin! (come) in! l^cr. chief mat- good. hot. trav- or country. dat. bcr ^ctmttjcg (-eg. to march i^cim. -c). bie ^au^tftraftc (-. ^auen (!)lcb. stinate. -n). autumn. hard. head. bright. homeward. (l^icg. ^c). loathsome. home. ^txau^^ ^au^int (-. ^anhlnm (-/ '^^)t action. ago. bic ^clbcntat heroic deed. harsh. way or road home. hither or along. house. stitched or bcr ^txh^t (-eg. 5ctt. -c). bic ^auptfadfte -^cr). bcr ^crfiftmonat (-«. clear.

to call in or into. to fetch. -e or ^tx). -). guardian. l^offcntUcft. heart. to lie around. -). Iiunbcrt. to hunt (drive. higher school l^eutig. (-. !)incinQcru* fen). to put away. \)imh. (-c8. Dutchman. ate.. yard. keeper. fields to hope. tall. ^olb. ftungcrn.!&of (-c^. -en). f)inabgctDorfcn). surrender. trat l^ingu. chase) get. jointer {witk dat. great. ^oc^ (^o^cr. i^tngebett (cr gibt ()in. i^crumltegcn (lag l^erum. household (of a sovereign) Iioffcn. or ace). bcr . devotion. fal^ l^in* l^uman. l^tttlegett. giving away. dog. Mr. -en). ffCt^idi. l^tcr. hundred. . sacrifice. bcr hunger ^tncinfden. courtyard. -^c). ruler. cover. as to. l)txt>ox. (as) I hope. to lie down. gab bin/ bcr filter (-g. (-«. -c(n) ). i^inaui^fci^cn (er f)inau«. gcbcn). lovely. shepherd. high level. to pull over. bod^ft). bcr ^crrfd^cr (-«. afiEection- noble. (out. ^tmmlifdfl. with regard eign. to. here. to step bcr up to. top. heavenly. -e). -(c)n). sky. mountain. ^inau^gcfcfien). behind. ruler's throne. l^ittfid^tnii^. cordial. render. ^irt (-en. to hear. bcr <$tngabe (-). to throw ^oUanbcr (-«. hunger. l^cruntQc* l^iniibcrsie^ctt (jog btnilbcr. to sur- bcr ^utmaci^cr (-«. extend. high. i^oc^i^cilig. or university. ftcE)t up to. btnttbcr* IcQcn). wood. into. l^oten. -). hill. time. touching. up ^forcn. -). to hunger. fittttt. to draw down. -"^c). l^inein. ift to come forth binsugctretcn). summit. -). then. up). -en). to pass fteruntcrl^olcn. bcr ^uttb (-eg. bag ^crs (-cn^. toarf bcr \>(x^ f)inab. of to-day. be hungry. heaven. join. tending to refine. bcr commander. to sow into (the ground). to-day. charming. ^olj (-c«. to look out. court. i^icrattf. $tmmcl^au(c) hit ^oi)t (-. an^. upon this. appear. (thither). l^ungrig. bcr ^iigcl (-«. to over. ^crrfd^ertl^ron M. or meadows of heaven. fid^ to lay gentleman. (-«). most holy. bingc=» hungry. height. down. bcr bic ^mmd hereupon. ift gcsogen). down. IftinabttJcrfcn (er h)irft (breath). hearty. master. (-. -). fttnctnrufcn (rief |)lncin. l^cr* titvi)ovtommcn {tarn t)orgcfoTntncn). hatter. $ut hat. -n). hat-maker. 214 bcr J&crr beginners' GERMAN (-n. lord. sover- — . of the present bic ^o^\6)vXt -n). to give to (away). bic starve. i^itiautrcten (cr tritt binju. ^tna^jagcn. cultural. pleasing. after. l^inauf. bring down.

ferin (-. befto. youth. itoliemfc^. -g). . pron. Sngcnicur (-^. jewel. the. neut. -en). of to her. jd^rtg. each. eg). bic. indwelling. especially. cup. S^xi^tn. -e). Italy. indeed. jebod^^ meantime. Sungc (-n. ^e). jcmanb. imperial you know. virgin. adj.). = in ha^. ing as. meanwhile.VOCABULARY bk 3al^rC)§5clt season. of course. -). -e). truly. — always. 3cit. the. -e). {with cap. ba« Sanuar (-8). recent lad. -n). bcr it. that one. however. ever. their. ichc^mai. inside. 3ugcnb (-). engineer. in any case. its. nevertheless. in as far as. ber 5latfcr (-g. some one. so far.. time of year. within. ber Sua (-(g)). tftr 215 {-. July. ber ^ajfcc (-g. {nom. certainly. January. tive (mood). accord- young woman. your family. -nen). bit — . young peo- tnnen. yours. theirs. iiingfte inherent. in (dat. while. at a time. tftrtgc (ber. in. boy. -n). eg). at all events. interesting. inbeffen. indica- former. nevertheless. innttoofjncnh. « . -). ber in^ftcfonbcrc. bic ^offcctaffe (-. century. poss. at all times. innate. yet. (-g. at. {before comparatives). more and jcb ( — — — er. -n). ad- ber Sumct gem. vantage.. however. youth. within. year long. year. your. er. e. pL of bu). ftc). (ace). -en). iebcrjctt. -n). however. immcr. poss. the . ^nbtaner {-^. always. contents. bic Sttfcl (-. her. ^ai* ber ^at)n (-g. present. tntticnbig. xntcxnaUonalf international. each.). coffee Stalicn (-^. Sn^att (-e6). -n or -ng). more. continually. into. Indian. emperor. tm=iTi bent. -en). . jc^ig. jc^t. ber ber now. icn ( bcr ber — — — c. ber Sunt (bag) (-(g)). in^ i«ng. boat. June. -e). hit Sungfrau (-. hit now existing. lax^ttio§. empress. lasting a year. ). hers. bic yes. bic 3 ja. every. its. ^aifcrfomtlie (-. time. bag Sai^r (-e6. family of the emperor. ha^ 3[a^r^unbcrt (-3. the ^ttbifatb (-(e)^. theirs. -c or ha^ Stttcrcffc {-^.). you. . hers. without an emperor. island. tnfotneit. coffee. family. tntcreffottt. interest. jcbenfatt)^. Italian. young. {dat. each (every) time. ple.

ber better (-g. fellow. bag ^Xctb (-eg. -e). bie ^irtftc (-. (-. see thing. no. fein^ i)on the two. when . beat. to know. oflace or — ber . child. -). cellar. to chew. box. ^cnntni^ (-. 5linb (-eg. . -n). bad character. combat. gasp. to comb. -en). not any. -^e). knowledge. -leute).. comb. class clock. bag 5lapital (-«. . . coal. -n). ber fellow. -^e).. ber ^am^jf (-e^. bie (-. ble bag ^llaffcnsimmcr (-g. to pant. not a. -en). dress. beiben. ficin. (-e«. throat. clever. to of i\sia Minor. merfo fniipfen. ber ^a^Jttolift (-en. . bie colonial province. to conjugate. . sound. ^ijmg (-g. to buy.. faufcn. gefannt). fci&rcn. intelligent. worthless bag 5lonbtmcnt (-g. fellow. — . cat. embryo. 5lampfc^luft (-). school for faucn. ber or bag ^olonialbcrdtft (-eg. . -en). . -er). purchase. f am^jfen. bie empire. join. seasoning.^. shopkeeper. -e). -n). chart. companion. happen. fommcn bie (fant. (-. neither of -n). kingdom. clear. eager desire for battle. -e). struggle. -ten). Conjugation tion.. cough. ringing. class room. chant. capital. ber ^amcrab com- f(ar. ber ^od^ (-eg. ^na^cnf d)ute -n). -n). bie come. faitm. tradesman. fcnncn (fannte. Ha gen. bie rade. childlike. ber ^omm (-e6. ber ^nccftt (-eg. ^artc (-. wise. chest. ^e). fictbcn. colony. repute. tie. flug. colonial power. ber ^erl (-eg. colonizer. ^omlJagnie {military). map. company information. conjuga- church. domain. ift gefommen). cold. principal. fammcn. -ffe). to complain. of the emperor. childish. (-6 or -en. -n). -e). germ. fcut^cn. bie 5!laffc (-. fait. ber boys. cinem ti\Q^^ fonjugtcrcn. -e). arrive. ^a^c (-. -en). capitalist. to be acquainted. -^e). ber ^aftcn (-g. -e). tiOi^ bag ^omgrctc^ (-eg. . -). -n). bie ^c^lc -n). -er). ^(ang (-eg. Slaifcrhjiitbc -n). servant. flctnafiattfrfi. ^laffcnu^r (-. to turn. combat. garment. sweep. bie ^oi^lc (-. king. hardly. tone. knot. bie Wo|jfcn. scarcely (-. (-. to fight. -). . ber ^cim fcin. to fasten together. -en). article of clothing. cook. -n). ber Slolomftttor (-g. to complain to one of some- position iffiiirbe. ^olonialmac^t Colonic (-. small. class. scarcely. 2l6 bie beginners' GERMAN (-. bright. ftnblt. boy. . to clothe. battle. pK)und. -c). -^e). knock. little. £aufmann (-g. bie ber bie ^nabc (-n. card.

-n). d^en). -^e). mander-in-chief. dim. ^e). tion. (-e^. soil. (-. situation. ^reu55ug (-e^. body. (-(e)n. crooked. -en). be able know. ness. (-. to to. -n). to let go. to let. comcrown man. -en). understand. store. country- ber ^rieg^tjcrt -en). -^). -e). coachman. main country road. -en). *e). ^oniunftit) (-(e)6. lacftcn. bie boundary tional diet. course (of in- ba6 5lorn (-e6. plant. -e). ill. wreath. skill. -^er). chalk. laffen (er lafet. ber M. crusade. border. cuckoo. coach. forceful. hit ilraft strength. -n). excellent. by land. energy. -e). Sage (-. ber ^ucftctt (-g. to fiinftig. land. crippled. franf. length. -^er. -en). iaffxttf bie ^ranf^ictt (-. -). la^tln. grain. cross. crayon. ber ^riegcr peasant. (-. garland. force. soldier. curved. ^utft^c (-. ba^ ^drn* struction). war. warrior. junctive (mood). ber ^urfucf (-(e)6. fi^ftlic^. -c or -en). ^rans (-e^. country. ber ^urfu^ (-. costly. crucifix. prince. coast. -^e). ^e). valuable. -^er. head- bit tunft to^f (-e^. bie ^iJr^crft^aft body. ber ^oxh (-e6. frumm. precious. furs. costly. art. cake. excellent. head. bie Sanbftrafec (-. curious. congress. ber -en). basket. fraftig. to cause or have (done). dishonest. langfam. furio^. powerful. ^ron^rins (-en. to smile. sick. vegetable. na- ^reibc (-. -^e). bent. power. expensive. ber Sanbmann farmer. tonmn bcr (er farm. driver. coming. slowly. lange. highroad. gelaffen). bie shop. ber -). vigor. ber ^urfiirft (-en. bie shore. -n). ^utfc^cr (-^. gefonnt). highway. corpora- bit ^liifte (-. future. compatriot. bte prince. singular. -n). . ba^ ^reuj (-e^. foftbar. weed. -e or ^er). body of representatives. ill- lame. herb. -c). ba^ ^vauU ber lein). -en). electoral ba^ ^t)|jftoc]^ (-e^. sub- bie ^nf) (-. -fe). bie SanbCi^tJcrtrctung -en). slow. ache. Sangc (-. -leute). twisted. ba^ Sanb (-e^. Jfw. carriage. -). disease. ber Sabeti (-^. state.VOCABULARY bcr 217 cow. -). ^e). -en). liefe. ba^ ^xaut (-e^. fonntc. kitchen. of strength. position. ber 5EiJrper (-^. condition. Sanbc^marf (-. ber parliament. frafttJOtt. full to laugh. cool. long. strong. a long time. ber trteg (-(e)^. sickness. filial. leave (alone). delicious. bit ^iiti^c (-. lang. Sanbi^mann (-e^. powerful. short. of a country. ju bie — . (-.

to suffer lo§. tDer* lodxq. legend. good-by! ber Seutnant (-g. bag Sorbccrbtatt (-eg. ba6 Satein (-g). untie. -en). institution. bit ber Sickling (-g. precept. lie — bag Stc^t (-eg. (used with tun. U\(ili. bag Scfcftiirf (-eg. tolerate. to the left. ber Sd^rling (-g. ift Icrncn. enjoy- le^t. line. love. released. bic Scrd^c (-. linfg. lip. loose. bag Sci^rfad^ (-eg. bic Sc^rcrjaftl number of bit Sinic (-. liebUd^. to be situated. in erfter — . easy. place. tractive. bie Sciftrc (-. Latin. latest.. -e). bit — \)abm. lesson. men. branch) of teaching. learn by heart. dissolute. bit on the left. Icib. from. -c. to at- bie 2cl)ranfta(t (-. gclefen). spoon. apprentice. I am sorry. (female) Hcgcn (lag. flowing. school. to endure. to bic Scftion (-. favorite. -er). I pity you. first place. free. ber Scl^rer (-«. charming. lufc. reading. gelitten) an. (cifc. to gather. leiben (Ittt. aloud. bte "iPferbe am sorry iattn ii)m — SD^iifie). latter. valued. loose. like. . -n). permit. to lie. light. solve. pick out or up. to Ixth. the -^er). loud. -c). licben. Sd^rerin teacher. to run. charming (ly). I for you. U^hax. dear. people. to sound. life. augn^enbig — . kteinifc^. bie Scnte (^pL). it is worth while. beloved. Icfctt (er lieft. -"-ffe). . Icbcnjoi^n farewell. disagreeable. eg tut mtr — ift reward. lag. eg lo\)nt \ici) (ber urn ®te. Iciber. -^er). lark. subject (or linf (-C or -cr. -e). to live. in teachers. of life. loiien. (-. pet. love. to learn. like. -). selection for ba^ Scbcn H. 2l8 bic 2aft (-. song. gelegen). educational Sicbc (-). bog Sicb (-eg. ba6 Saufcn (-^). ift unfortunately. loufcn (cr ISuft. -). to read. last. left. eg ntir — . put. loggegangen). soft. darling. -er or -e). gelaufen). noisy. -n). itbtn. feitt. bte Scgcnbc -n). (ol^ncn. ber Soffcl (-g. to teach. lieutenant. laurel- he was sorry for the horses. (-. Ic^rcn. Latin (language). to ben). be fond of. -nen). ber ScBcn^gcnuft (-f{e^. (-). teaching. gentle. lo^Qcfftn (ging log. burden. piece. to praise. teacher. -n). (autcn. to lay. read. to lick. down. lijfctt. -). theory. -en). low. to love. lief. painful. -n). leaf. -eg). adj. ftd^ legen. -g). running. ment Icrfcn. -en). curly. to loosen. laut. beginners' GERMAN load. light. 2xppc {-. legible.

once. many a one. mostly. ha^ Wlaxditn (-g. melon.-^t). ntcerfremb. ( tticiftcni^. mighty. ). husband. Matint (-. ^t). bic SJlclobic (-. -). -c). -en). tune. WlatU ber WlatU place. market- bag aWcffcr (-g. bie. hut pi. atmosphere. tnci^r Ma^i {-. further. plural (number). (t0)e. auf to fly at. -en). many (a). tncin tna^Icn. 29th). ( . (fairy) tale. -n). see tnctncn. to mill. -). melody. -). to begin. air. to march. legend. powder. bcr SWantelfad (-c«. -^er). c. to. madfttig. bic (generally — — bic ere). May. fein). Michaelmas (day) (Sept.VOCABULARY to 219 (-en or -eg). -"-c). do. sea. mouth (of light. portman- -n). will. mine. strong. person. to bic bic Wlau^ (-. they. sometimes. market. -^c). Wla^b. man- der country. maiden. . bic SJlcinung (-. (poetical). maUn. bic SD'latl^ematif (-). bie SJlctonc (-. bor- humanity. human being. bic ajlaib (-). desire. perceive. meal. mark. most. ber SKRenfc^ (-en. m madden. maid. might. mcrfen. — — — my. of mt^x). eg. beasts). -^c). for the most part. bic bic mass. ha^ SJlatcrial (-^. note. ba^ SWeer (-eg. girl. . -en). man (indec). mathematics. -icn). -). bic kind. people. to make. bag — mine. stamp (letter). think. to cause. bcr aflat (. e. bic Suft (-. time.. great quantity bic SRcngc (-. — — — mine. effect. navy. indec. air. stock. ber. maid. SRcftrsal^t majority. -en). generally. flour. more than. alg. bic SDlenfc^iftcit (-). mean. (-t^. ber SJlann (-e6. -en). ^c). mouse. -^er). (ber) marfc^tcren (aux. (-. man. to be of the opinion. strange or unused to amount the sea. often. coin = about 24 cents. opinion. ha^ McLt>6)tXi (-^. e. e^). mat. mandftnal.or -t^). teau. general servant. -^c). kitchenmaid. midiacm (ber —tag). powerful state. Mart (-. several. breeze. bag Wltifi (-g). de- ha^ aWaul (-eg. boundary. suppose. much. material. one. observe. power. intention. multitude. strength. saddlebag. times. grind. painter. notion. -n). crowd. Wia^^ (r. (-. (-. more. tttcift ber SJlalcr (-^. er. tnanc^ — — — er. or number. to paint. pleasure. thought. joy. to mark. attack. knife. bcr ^ax^ March. come cinen bic Sttft — or go off. (superl. -n). powerful.

tired. to or along with. mitgebrad^t). not worth while.). ntiibc. lief mugte. -^cr). bie SlRuItipUfatwtt (-. -e). nld^t ber — iDert. -). ber 9Jltffionar (-g. afterwards. by to cooperate. miftgiittfttg. ber ba^ Wlii(i)qla^ (-e^. tender. -e). run with. am folgenben — — . -). ber SJZUitarbicttft (-eg. bie 9lacftrtc^t (-. towards. (in) the middle of. contrib- according ute towards. -e). -e ntiinblitft. mod^te. assist. on the next day. minute. -er). morning. (dat. Wednesday. to-morrow. along with. degrees. midway. mien. -en). Wlitttxna^t (-. spirit. (-g. tnttten. to be permitted. moral. spirited. mouth. milk glass. to-morrow morning. mood. WlnUtt (-g. as possible. tnilb. tttittoirfen. mild. possible.). collaborate. ha^ aWittagcffcn noon (day). news. -). Wlomi (-g. and ^tx). as beautiful as the bie bie Wlxnt {-. jealous. noonday bie abutter (-. mitgelaufen). tnorgcnf(^iJn. mijgliti^. service. later. Monday. narffgiebig. -en). tnit. Mc mm mijglic^ft of mogltd^). {in compounds). dawn. ha^ WlittdaUtt (-«). effort. prefix. expression. mogcn mag. take part. . to be possible. morning. -n). tnitfidngcn (brad^te mit. friif). (er ber 91ac^mittag (-eg. courageous. bie SJlittion (-. afternoon. -n). . to. milliard (bil- lion). adv. -c). -e). ttiiiffcn (each other). -en). to murmur. have to. bie Wlixfic (-. mine. -^e). (superl. to bring with or along. along. nadftbem. miller. -n). little little. ^). yielding. -e). gemugt). to. (er lauft member. morning. ber Tlontaq (-eg. be willing. adv. bag SJlttgltcb (-g. disposition. cation. tnorgcn. midnight. ntutig. . bearing. successor. ber Wlttuh (-eg. flexible. after. missionary. to be obliged to. -en).. mirmit (-. and sep. ber WlitttDod) (-g. home. — unb — by — §aufe. mother. million. orally. with one another plain. as. -). ift ber 2)lut (-eg).220 bic SJltcne (-. at. along courage. mttlaufcn mtt. conj. multipli- with. together.. ber ^^ladjfolgcr (-g. fellow-. envious. prep. ber SJlorgen (-g. com- mitcinanbct. month. CO-. labor. bie m nad^ (dat. may. bie 9Jlitttarbc (-. milk. pains. gentle. meal. mit. Middle Ages. to like. as (-). gemoc^t). dinner. grumble. (er mug. kind. must. together.. BEGINNERS GERMAN -n).. generous. desire. ber SOlittag (-g. trouble. -e). military moralifc^. after. ber along with. tnurrcn.

not. beside. ninth. to shoot bas nod^. niebrig. nothjcttbigcrnjcifc. gu nu^e. bie 9laturtt)iffcnfc^aft (-. to turn to adself of. nose. well. ncibtfcft. ber 9lomittatitJ (-g. -^c). nicbcr. along. borhood. na- another. or ace). nat- of ural science. neuere @prad^en. neigh- mcbcrlaffcn (er fi(§ niebcr. ncutt. iid) — (e) an. ha^ S^cuja^r (-eg. -n). fic^ ntebergelaffen). ilbcr over night. mean. ber S^lagcl (-^. number. quite coolly. nether. never. never (again). merely. -c). need. only. to wit. say. nad^ft). near. curious(ly). ncbcn^cr. vantage. further. -en). nine. ntmmcr. of naif)). -en). nail. a little ncftmen (er nimmt. wet. reenforcements. Icifet bic 9^a^c nearness. naft. use. bic ^adii (-. bag S^lattonatttcb (-eg. want. nearest. nothing. night. .as yet. -n). beside. ad- ncn. bie Station (-. now. profit. nature. ber -n). S^ummcr (-. difficulty. niemanb. nur. New Year. natMtc^. near. to name. Slu^en (-g). -n). nu^io^f useless. during the night. while ago. that is to namcni^. ticugicrig. national monument. (case). necesnecessarily. — madden. nal^m. bie 9label (-. close (by). (-. neunte. no. new. trouble. genom^* men). namlic^. — nid^t^. near to. ^). vile. down. -^er). mcbctfc^iaucn. to look down. just. -en). -e). next to. ber 9^1 to sit down. nobody. ^t). bie bie ^nU (-. avail one's ber ncnncn (nannte. scarcely. sity. mir — bir — . nit. natural (ly). title. nun. of the name. down. idiot. national song. nat^ft (superl. ^icbcrbcutfefte (-n. genannt). lowly. closest. named. bie 9'lot (-. namely. nation. nei^en (dat. jealous (auf. needle. the norbnjdrt!^. -n). once more. still. of). htx^amt(n) (^(n)§. naught. bie ber 9florbctt (-g). -en). seize. necessity. tticftt. but just. ncin. 9flattottalbcnfma( (-(c)^. languages. Low German. 9^atur (-. settle. bie 9lafc (-. next. — einmal. low. ber S^otionatfciertag (-eg. -e). nicbcrft^icften (fd^ofe nieber. zero. northward. unprofitable. without ado. -^e). IteS fic^ nieber. November. North.. useful. advantageous. 221 new batch. -n). -er). nieberge* arr (-en. vantage. name. no one. low. to take. ber '^ot)tmhcv (-(g)). of course. VOCABULARY bcr S'lac^fd^uift (-c6. yet. fool.beside. envious. naft (na()cr. modern nit^Hd^. fd^offen). -en). nominative tional holiday. call. cipher.

-^). bie er bemerfte. frank. sacrifice. ber Dftobcr (-(«)). to be gone. Easter. or else. ^fingftcn (pl. ber ^apxcttoxh (-cS. school. upper school. willing to fices. bic ha^ ^apitx (-g. ber ^farter (-g. paper. man higher school. hit Baltic Sea. ba6. ear. -c). but for. son. whip. uncle. ket. bie Dber. ber ha^ Obft (-e^). -en). ^acfen. ber Obcrft (-en. ha^ ^^artamcnt (-eg. on high. clear out on his way. bie Obertcrtia. horse. role. Dblt)Oi|l. Austria. hit Ohtxxtali^nit {-. ex- German I cent. ber pfennig (-g.)y {compar. though. $arf (-eg. save without his seeing. oft. to go his way. couple. without. ftc^ feiner fifth upper third (grade). to sacrifice. ijffentlic^. open. aloft. year in a German higher SBege — . seventh year in a GerC^crfchinba. -n). German by bie Oftern (pL). easterly. although. offering. at the victim. hit bit Ohtxiippt (-. above. (-. make sacri- ober^atb. pflan^tn. often. stove. parto whistle. the smallest ijftct!^ o^nc (acc. are emphasized. (-g. second (grade). . flffncn. and where the arts. officer. magistrate. bie ha^ Oftr (-(e)g. highest. top. park. paper-bas- Obrigfctt {-. highest class in a German -n). ipfctfen (pflff. $aar (-eg. -n). Op^Ctn. bie Oftmarf eastern border and technical subjects upper country. ninth year. proper. -n). -). otherwise. -en). parliamentary. regular. quite often. Pentecost. neut. upper first lip.). gepftffen). sciences. -c). fruit. -). (grade). public. -en). ijftlicft. -en). -c). -e). self-sacrificing. $crfon (-. pair. Ohtvpvima.)y Whitsuntide. orderly. that. if. ber Onfcl (-«. of obcr). -). of oft). public. eastern. to open. colonel. -c). -e). person. H^crfrcubig. -e). ohtUf above. whether. or. about cept. so that he did not see. ^^an^t (-. bag ftc^ oberft (superl. bag $ferb (-eg. East. to plant. ba^ C^fct (-^. higher school in which the ancient languages are displaced fifterrcic^ (-^. bie Dftfcc (-). ber Dfcn oven. — — hai but that. iparlamentarifd^. authorities. minister. tott mark. offcn. top. the modern. hit ^eitfcfte (-. ber Ofpsicr (-«.222 beginners' GERMAN o vh. Othtntixd^. ber Often (-^). clergyman. coin. a higher usual. ^). chief. plant. -en). parliament. October.

^rcuftctt (-^. -). pistol. sharp (of time). present tense. -t). -e). ^(antagc (-. -^c). rcgnen. to take revenge. quick (ly). reckon. source. lesson in arithmetic. rcbcn. political. dominion. a bic regc. claim. Cluabtatmettc mile. -n). ber ^ratt (-^). -en). rest. -n). -n). -e). princess. -en). -en). -ten). OueIKe (-. -n). fourth grade. speaking. ha^ dtcttjntn (-^). -n). talk. pvtn^iid). hit hit bic hit raM. lively. sudden (ly).school in which Greek is re- bcr ^plural (num- placed by the modern languages while Latin ber). king- German higher school. dependency. bie $rtkjatfc^|u(c (-. bcr ^rins (-en. -c). bic JRebe (-. rich. -n).VOCABULARY hit ?Pf(ottmc (-. year in a bie German fifth higher school. pupil $la^ (-c«. justice. point. count upon. see also ©i^mnafium. -en). active. $la^regen (-«. period. bounce. ha^ dtthtn (-^). for).-). "tl^nnft to the right. talking. ^flcgc (-. counting. bcr 9iai^^ttt (-n. bie Clttarta. Prussian. ha^ ^nli (-e«. (-. rcicft. much ber title. -n). rcd^t. care (of. the second ha^ ditx^ (-cS. of a QfJealQtjmnafium. tation possession. bcr bcr bcr 9lcalgt)mnafiaft (-en. ^lantagcn&cfi^ung plan- councilman. ted^nen. may it do you ha^ ffttdjt (-c6. arithmetic. . astir. -n). bic ^tinscffin (-. cultivating. ten — to be right. -n). fostering. prose. ^e). given with fewer task or lessons than in the ©tjntnaftum. lawn. {-^. bie 9f{oft (-). Prussia. real. ^kgc (-. rain- drop. law. -n). tending. to please or suit everyone. prince. bie dttti^tnan^Qaht (-. -en). ha^ ^vd^tn^. bie Cuinta. ber $iftok (-. rebound. plague. neut. dot. fic5 tati)cn. (-. rat. to reign. place. square bcr JRegentro^fen (-^. sudden down- ha^ OieaIgl)mnafium (-^. rule. bcr ^rofcffur (-«. -en). properly. rain. to rain. -). pour of rain. spring. bcr Sfiegcn (-^. private school. alderman. year in a grade. e^ alien ?eu* maii)tn. bic $rx)fa (-). desk. plantation. bic fftaitc (-. ^aitnpla^ (-c^. f)abcn. bit 223 plum. :ponttf(^. empire. I^rofit! — right. plural German higher is . calculate. to speak. realm. speech. quite. ~nen). to count. dom. your health! good! (-e^. pioi^iiti). on the right. professor. -c). right. ttti^i^.). the third regicren.

phrase. gerttten). cause. rose. tale. sour. fairs of the empire. Romanic. famous. ift ©(i^attiaftr (-ce)g. bie DfJul^C (-. affair. ©age to -n). bie DftcUgion (-. ift gerannt). -). bag year. ric^ttg. calling. to call. Saxony. retten (ritt. song. ba« 9^o3letn). claim. to judge. retrogression. af- -n. rescuer. crowd. ru^ett. gerlffen). -). line. rot. ber bie ber Utetter (-^. return. strap. tell. ber O^ic^ter (-^. Sacftfen (-^. faucr. -^e). say. case. in- order. put in bie nounce. ment diet. ber Dfieic^^fansJcr (-^. W<ltf. collection. to turn. row. ber 9Juf (-e^. quiet. geroc^en). to flow. (-. cry. in ©ang (-e^. to regulate. to Sammlung (-. W ©d^alc husk. saying. ift round. to ride (on -v). savior. to usurp. tranquil. -en). -en). of the empire. ex- bie ^Jlet^e (-. order. flock.). trooper. glorious. vocation. fftg^n. dim. -). ber Oiftctnpfalser (-«. -). rye. sharp. to adjust. sleep. jury. wrongs. -e). neut. ber Oliemen (-^. ber JReifigc (-n. retf. ru^mtiott. wmanifcft. ber 8c^abc(n) (-n^. race. cross. quiet (ly). going back. bic 9(?cic^i§o«ge(e9Cttftett (-. ber JJJoggen (-g). rest. order. to rest. . horseman. -). bag. ant of Rhine. sentence. . journey. thing. to tear. horseback). an fid^ rul^ig. -e). to travel. reputation. right. ber ber Saturday. Imperial • hcL^ JRog (-ffe^. -n). -^e). horse. rennen (rannte. inhabit- Sarf (-e^. btc Dflcic^^regicrung (-. the Palatinate of the legend. court- house. ttttnen (rann. gigantic. rictften (rod^. mature. rank. -en). ^fer). ^). judge. still. sack. — (rife. peel. gerufen). leap- geronnen). to try. red. tradition. thong. -n). tiefen^aft.-e). -en). reifen {aux. Romance. correct. run. address. govern- ber Stiirfgang {-t^. -^e). hit <Bci6)t {-. Sa^ (-e^. rcifien peaceful. -n). Chancellor. -n). band.224 BEGINNERS' GERMAN bic 9fJofc (-. ripe. speak. shell.-[fe). religion. rufen (rtef. -en). damage. call. skin. ©(^ar (-. ber Stcic^^tag (-e^. and l^aben). -e). pro- tic^ten. mui- titude. ba^ 9iic^tftau^ (-fe^. rirnb. charger. bie (-. to run. to smell. (imperial) Parliament. -^e). to ber Sanii^tag (-e^. sleep. arrange. singing. retreat. execute. feiit peace.

to abuse. author. bcr ©eftut^of (-eg. ©c^nau5C {-. gefd^nitten). to buckle. bcr 8 c^ir itt -e). to seem. fd^neten. fd^mcrfcn. -n). fd^tmpfen. school- to taste. dim. to cut. ba^ ©d^iff* c^en). bic ©d^ii^ gcfd^Iungcn). house. fcftrcitctt bcr ©d^tm^jfnamc (-ng. writer. to swallow. eg fc^mcdt mir. swift. lather. joke. -^c). to send. appear. -e. -). bag ©(^ulfinb (-eg. bad. quick. shoe. fc^ilafcn (er fc^Iaft. -). to insult. pretty. Merjcn. -n). fc^mat. way. school ittfuappcn. to separate. bcr 8(ftu^ (-eg. written. stride. bad. ift or ^at gefd^ieben). bag Bd)nif)an^ relish. ((ftrcictt (fd^rie. look at. (fc^Iang. to snap. bcr ©dfirciibcr (-g. bcr ©(^filler (-g. snap. ^er). taste it. -^c). gefc^ienen). to treasure. f(^limm. sailor. to rout or defeat. closet. clod. case. pupil. for- to depart. gaze upon. (to the ((^licfeen (fc^Iofe. poor. clerk.(display-) window. be- f(^ncH. (-fcg. (girl) pupil. value. shoemaker. ©rfiaum (-eg. narrow. bcr (Bd^x^ct (-g. lock. bedroom. frfjlcd^t. ©c^o^jfung (-. -en). heart). terrible. estimate. . -). fright. (out). -). guiltless. press innocent. fd^Iief. rail against. beat. fd^dn. pace. bic ©d^ulftttbc (-. I like school yard. to shut. -). -n). snatch. fd^tiftlici^. fc^nattcn. proceed. to snow. fc^ncibcn (fc^nitt. fd^Iug. cupboard. cobbler. wardrobe. ift gefd)ritten). fd^utbloi^. ber ©cftttcibcr (-g. fdftrcrflic^. f(^on. ba^ ©c^lafsimmer (-g. stride. -). ittjaucn. ber ground. -en).VOCABULARY bcr Sc^iattcn (-6. 225 shadow. fdftreiBcn gefc^rieben). snout. to sleep. show. frightful. (fd^rieb. ba^ Sddiff (-eg. lovely. school. bic child. -c). in writing. bic ©d^ulc (-. pupils. gcfd^loffcn). bcr ©(ftratif Mcincn (fd^ien. rapid(ly). sod. wind. to fd^a^en. close. to go gcfd^Iagcn). skipper. (-. bcr ©c^iui^marficr (-g. his feincg ©d^ritteg gef)en. -). boatman.-). ship. to strike. — secretary. Sc^ottc -n). to Icrin (-. muzzle. to cry to auf. -). abusive (fd^ritt. -e). creation. already. step. bic hold. to write. -n). conclude. gcfd^Iafcn). bic fc^icibcti (fc^ieb. (-eg. to shine. join. mation. see. jest. (-eg. name. foam. key. fc^Ungen sling. awful. gefc^rieen). cutter. -er). bic ©ci^itlersai^l (-. scribe. prize. -^e). ba^ ©c^aufcnftcr {-^. good. -ncn). vessel. tailor. beautiful. to f(^i(fctt. to vituperate. nickname. bcr ©dftrcrf (-g. fc^Iagcn (er fci^Iagt. wicked. schoolroom. number of bcr SrffliifFel (-g. entwine.

ber fingen (fang. lowest class ous. clanking of nouns)^ himself. (i8)e. ber Scftnjur {-^. . ber ©(^u^ (-e^)/ defense. fc^rtjijren gefc^moren). f(^tt>ctgcn (fd^mieg. to see. —. sideways. merce. independent. ha^ ber See^anbel (-g). gefef)en). sea. -er). 8(fturfc (-n. sure. his. bag 8cftttjcrt (-e^. -n). -n). place. -n). its. flit. feftr. certain. mind. ber Sinn (-eg. felbbrttt. make swear. — e&. gefanbt). ocean. bie Singular • (number). fenben (fanbte. ocean com- ©Uber (-g). separate. self. feftnfiit^tig. lake. tft. thoughtless. to set. ficbtc (ftcbcnte). feufjen. etc. protectorate. ber ©iegerfranj (-eg. bie 8(^uffc( (-. in a German and higher school. felOft. -n). Sefunbe (-. look. seven. room. cease (speakdiflScult. sense. be. -e). chair. itself. gefungen). school- feit. fdjhiodj. sixth. f(ft rtJOrsgrau. much. ba^ Sei^ttjcrtgcflirr (-«). ftc^er. guar- to whir. yourself. each with the other two. (-). ftnnen (fann. to insure. of reflexive proitself. ift gefunfen). strange. fly. ber Se^jtemBer (-«). mar.226 ha^ Sci^wlsimmer (-8. (-g. secure. -n). sixth grade. weak. singing. to sink. t. selves. page. silver. to flc^ertl. -n). them- one another. shelter. protection. sword. herself. — meditate. (-. fc(f|!^. victor's (-. groan. to eg finb. black. roll. dish. himbic self. seat. unconscious. wreath. seldom. hard. fic^ {dat. itxttt)dvt^. antee. ing). curious. hit. ba^ Sc^u^gcbict (-c6. finnloi^. to gefonnen). myself. -). ''c). fcltfom. (fd^njur.. rare. to sigh. each other. beginners' GERMAN -). September. side. ©emmel fc^marj. fcin (er getDefen). -c). rogue. to send. for. -e). think. fec^fte. foolish. ber bic See See M. ber feften (er ftef)t. longing. enth. -n). sev- six. there are. (-«. black-gray. c. colony. fa^. ba« — — — cr. fcfittjirrcn. meaning. hit ber Sc^ttJanj (-e^. villain. scoundrel. Segen bag Singeti (-g). -n). since. feln. ^t). his. ber bie <Btitc {-. be silent. ^e). -). fteiien. taste. blessing. tft thought. oath. swords. Qefd^tDlegen). take oath. id^tOCtf heavy. care. be quiet. put. unmeaning. felten. greatly. sure. ber. on one side. felbftanbtg. second. longingly. seri- bie (Bt^ta. sister. reflect. to ber Seffel (-«. yourself (yourselves). tail. singular Se^nfut^t very. safe. seat. ace. vow. to sing. fittfen (fanf. fe^en. even. bic Sd^hjcftcr (-. dark gray. garland.

bic ^ScrcintQtcn ©taatcn. country. f^rtngcn (f prang. ray administration of revenue. be obliged or bound in duty. fogteic^. (light). -e). what {lit. a. at once. -"^c). f^ielen. game. cock (a gun). even. -e). United bcr ©onnenfd^ein States. — fotitel. Spaniard. to trace. fotten. anxiety. aw^. -e). fo. fonft. -"-c). to be or horseback. -e). staff. stem. bcr S^ntd^ Btaai (-c6. as.. consequently. sorrow. finance.). else. trouble. so called. i«). bcr (-e«. summer to speak. as long as. (as ba^ Bpitl (-^. ^t). to eat. then. ^c). sharp. summerbcr tinae. @)iamen (-^. Spanish. n)a« foil must. — — c. -en). guage. bcr ©taati8ftau)gftatt (-eg. maxim. as well . (beam) of the sun. lattfic so or as . immediately. playground. -). but. formerly.). sprung. oI«. -t). bic ©ommcri^t^c (-. bcr ©oftn (-c«. fofort. free from ftammen. accordingly. — ipat. fprad^. {-. ift gcfprungcn). bcr bic Bmnahtnh Sonne (-. city. soldier. family. f^etfen. foreign lan- ©ommcrfcrtcn (pL). -^c). Sunday. such bcr ©^asterritt (-c^. f^itren. perceive. fogenannt. -^cr). bcr bic bic Bpta^t -n). bag <Bptidit!DOti (-e^. fotibctn. bcr <Bpanitv (-^. speech. shall. derived (from). late. summer month. 6tabt (-. what do you bcr Bpxdpia^ {-t^. pointed. have to. f^asicren or bcr — ficl^cn. saying. - cincr. Saturday. leap. -c). . f^annen. fold^ (—er. to break. such (a). (-«). neut. state. budget. fogat. summer. town. {-^. son. moreover. -n). toy mean fomit. bcr ©onntag (-^. bic -^c). f|>rcci^en (cr fprtd^t. to spring. forgcnfrei.. lan- ©ommer {-^. race. play. -c). \>a^ fein? shall that b}?^ be). such. care. talk. bcr ©onncnftra^l (-«. summer vacation. ficfcffcn). sunshine -en). so. ha^ ©^ielnjarcngefdftdft (-«. holidays.. ride on ©olbat (-en. Bov^t (-. heat. sun. say. to span. otherwise. -n).VOCABULARY fi^ctt (fa6. bic ©ommcrsctt {-. f^ji^. stick. that? shop. to be descended. to go walking. should. care. stretch. trunk. gcfprod^cn). -n). bic ber <Biamxn (-eg. -). -en). proverb. -tn). frentbc — . thus. see fofort. Spain. to owe. track. 227 much. . to play. to sit. al^ audi. foUJO^il . guage. bcr <Btah (-eg. besides. saying. (Bommetmonai (-(c)«. ought. ipan^dj.

to strive. (-eg. still. stocking. cane. criminal. voice. Sup^c sweet. hit ©ttbtraftion bic Stelle -n). steep. -n). ©tubcnt (-en. board. culprit. posi- tion. ascend. stick. — e). footplank. bic Stcttung placing. see fiifjf. dispute. -e). strife. place. proud. bar. -n). student. to stand. stanza. daily. rocky. fitblicJ^. (Steg -c). geftoWcn). ftrefien. to ftubicrcn. soup. -n). strand. ber (Storf (-e^). <Btxnmpf (-eg. dispute. in ben bic ©trcrfe (~. strike. set. to study. Strom Strophe (-g. ftaf)I. chair. -en). ©trcit (-eg. -e). stretch. -e). hour. sinner. South Sea. dull. story {of a house). ftcigcn (ftieg. period. (ftritt. study. ber Stocf (-e^. fud^en. stumpy. path. instead ftid^t. ber 8tol5 (-e8). bic ber ©tein (-e6. pin- bic (-. stick. put. story. -^e). bcr Siinbcr (-g. geftrid^en). street. to enable. broth. bit ©iibfce (-). fto(5. gcftod^en). armer bic — . -en). to ftretten geftrttten). sting. \tati (gen. ber to stick. fcljen. steal. South. !2dffel. -n). floor. distance. stop. ift bag gcfticgen). see ©ebiet. (-. ftc^cn (ftanb. ftumpf. (-eg. — Stanb extent. strong. ift gcftorbcn). bag Stiirf (-eg. every dav. mount. -e). to seek. -n). to Stubtum (-g. stony. recitation. blackboard. Stunbc (-. be. bie ©tubicn). spread. posture. ftrct(^ett (ftric^. bic Stange rod. extension. pride. ha^ BtodtDttt (-e^. -e or — igfeiten). ftct^. quiet. head. stream. fterben (er ftirbt. sum. ber ©iibcn (-g). (-. stone. search (for). put. bcr of. position. stool. ©tube (-. subtrac- situation. bcr bcr (-e^. hk (Straftc (-. piece. steadily. sock. -). geftanben). bcr Xaq (-eg. table. stick. ftcl^len (cr ftiel^tt. seacoast. always. ber Stcrfnabclfopf ^c). conflict. fttff ( gebiet. -^c). -n). cancel. bie XaUl {-.228 bcr BEGINNERS GERMAN (-c§. -en). silent. blunt. (-. south. to stroke. to fight. ftci(. place. day. (Suppcnlpffel. ber be situated. river. quarrel. -^c). -n). ftc(^en (er ftad^. (BVih\tt^ to die. (-. pole. bie Stimme (-. room. ber Stranb beach. jtavt. -^c). bic bridge. quarrel. tagtid^. continually. hit 8«mmc (-. southern. iEBanbtafel. tion. pierce. -n). fteffcn. struggle. position. ber Stuftl (-eg.). stout. ftcrfcn. . ftcinig. to place. -n). -^c). -n). ftarb. -e). condemned (-.

-^er). ber $tor (-en. geben). higher than. animal. suffer. uhtt (dat. sympathy. hand- tre«. ber Xtf>p\tn (-g. <S(^ul5 XtUtv H. share. ^ot^ter (-. staircase. fool. ber (ba^) Xtxl (-g. ink. carry. ba^ Xxtx (-§. to endure. XuQcnh (-. bit bit ^re^^e (-. door. boldness. tief. getan). dear. tccftniftft. Xxah (-eg. notwithstanding. -en). for the most tro^ (gen. bag Xntfi (-c«. to drop. trug. joiner. practise. ber technical. true. itbermorgen. above. ber toH.VOCABULARY bcr 229 XaUx H. far. ba^ Sifc^tut^. to bring to or over. stairs. Xw\t (-eg). U iibcl. -). trat. ^e). by way of. costly. ilbergab. tdtXQ. gymnastics. interest. aunt. although. I am bit Xintt {-. solace. trorfcn. faithful. beloved. tat. -e(n)). deliver. loyal. loyalty. to tread. itberaU. fir-tree. lazy. part. good. ber ^ifcftler (-§. Xob (-eg). surrender. -n). fense. (-. tragen (er trftgt. -n). tretcn (er tritt. -en). across. nxir leib. clear. to table-cloth. about. walk. iro^fcn. ber Xritl (-g. bag Xntntn (-g). ivo^btm. ber ber Xtnic^ (-eg). iibcr* bear. table. not- withstanding. ift getre* {-. plate. . to give over. bie «•). step. trotttig. fidelity. eg tut sorry. day after to-morrow. teucr. school for bad. over. to drink. trdge. trinfett (tranf. getragen). -en). turtten. ber itl^erlbnngen (ilberbrad^te. bie marks. defiance. (r. 3 traut. although. Xnv (-. intimate. ber ^if^ (-eg.). -e). -n). mad. make. bit form. drop. Xantt Xa^d^c -n). unb — . bie bie watch. deep. evil. co- operation. throne. defense and ofcloth. ttl^en. -^cr). bie ^ierfafiel (-. sincere. sad. -e). act. pocket. ber Xiivon (-g. bit -^er). daughter. girls. bie ^afrfienuiftr (-. death. ba^ Xajd^tnttt^ kerchief. all over. cabinet- maker. to iificrgcbcn (er ilbergibt. virtue. -). trot. in spite of. despite. -n). bcr Xatttttnhanm (-eg.(-eg. to dry. on account of. beloved. sorrowful. active. drill. (-eg. do gymnastics. title. -). German coin. -e). -). (-). bit Xtmt (-). ^at or ten). to do. flight of stairs. per- animal fable. XtUnatftat share. action. bit grdfeten 2:eile. absurd. everywhere. tutt (er tut. deed. Xa^U Xat (-/ -T^)f cup. sum part. exercise. -n). participation. -). or ace). bie Xo^itx\<!i)Vi\t {-. getrunfcn). -en). -en). -e). iiberbrad^t). comfort.

wrong. turning up bie below. ber UmMkg {-^. discord. guiltless. or ace). untcr {dat. beneath. obscure. most. ixbxx^f left uncnblid^. about. United States. time of day. not even. ours. near. urn {ace). ii'bcrfc^cn {aux. umf^JontiCtt. turn. over. to unaufmcrffom. conunsuit- day after to-morrow. um. remaining. umgcQangen). um^crltcgcn gen). immediate. not straight. indistinct. unmittelbar. (ber. conversa- cover. -en). unfortunate. e to associate with. fein and l)aben). bie around. unbefannt. across unab^dngtg.oi us. -en). conquer. approximate. envelope. subdue.ofXQ\x). three days fused. unb. entertainment. (watch) shop.). unrcc^t. order to. below. inexact. inaccurate. iibcrtoinbcn (iibcrmanb. take away something ift unft^ulbtg. at variance. university. incessant (ly). auf ber — . to overcome. uneven. about. unten. ungenau. to cause one to lose some- Unfd^ulb (-). ungefd^r. untdttg. over. (lag um{)er. — . unknown. under (neath). leap over. unhappy. super- Ungarn (-«. bic Uftr (-. clock. the day after the itnbeutlid^. for. iibcrfc'^cn. iibertoalttgcn. sur- disunited. and.). umgel^cn (giiiQ unfcr {gen. bag) — —— or — . {-%. around. rough. transoceanic. our. independent. to stretch circle. -en). in bie Unitjerfitdt (-. past. -"-e). W. uneitii^. uftcrfcctfc^. -en). beginners' GERMAN to hand or reach over. clock (watch) clock odd. purity. -). Untcr fialtung (-. umgebrad^t). turn around or about. Union (-. direct. dis- sension. to translate. etc. at the university. en- present. ungliirffclig. ilbertuunben). endless. inactive. cross over (a river. about. neut. . — . -€n). eincn urn tiXQd^ not right. ungcrabc. or over. ige. bie to bring to death. ignorant. ttmbrtngctt (brac^tc urn. iibcriibcrmorgen. to overcome. innocence. (e)re. near. al- timepiece. concerning. fluous. the Union. tion. bcr U^rmad^cr maker. unaMdffig. watch.230 iilberteic^ett. underneath. un- acquainted. thing. uneben. (-. hence. to downstairs. bic m^rmod^crci -en). Hungary. from one. mount. overable. umfcl^rctt {aux. inattentive. innocent. the ocean. fein and Fiaben). power. among. bie Uneinigfett (-. um^iergcle* lie to around. sudden change.

btc bcrgeffcn (er t)ergi6t. ber Untierftanb (-e^). gain. the next highest year in a Ger- propaga- man higher school. to under- improve. the fourth year of a (berglid^. traffic. or even.. to earn. — unt. lack of standing or judgment. in vain. comcom- merce. -ffc). to lower lip. inter- course. bcr Untcrf(^icb (-«. de- to put. -en). -^er). stand under. adjust. forth. be under (one's ten. man higher school. supplant. the lower fen). tion. nat)m. to German higher school. condition. ha^ JBatcrknb (-^. to teach. ^erelnigtc 2)taa^ untcrfte'i^en. de- untcrric^'tcn. displace. Germany. propping. attempt. decay. third ijcrgcblic^. command). tocrbriefiUc^. Untcr^rimo. (grade) bind. serve. ift berbllcbcn). tJcrgleic^cti (grade). to bcr fSttltflv sell. under or \)txathttttn. spreading. -e). take. untcr* Ucrbeffcrn. ucrfaufcn. -en). lower first to remain. bic mercial relations. -en). persist. indisposed. to crowd out. support. Unterfcfunba. JBcranlaffung (-. to berfaffung^gcmdff. communication. decline. to second (a motion). . bic ba^ (ber) JBcrbienft (-e^. difference. lower second profit. ber fSatet (-«. bic SJcrbrcitung (-. unwell. to render better. -c). according to the support. folly. terioration. ber HBcrfall (-«). service to. to forget. digest. ^). manufac- -n). native country. (cr unternci^men untcmtntmt. put under cover or untcrftii'^cn. correct. father. relation. Utttcrftcttcn. unite. fatherland. instruct. -en). distinction. security. pledge. t)erbletben (derblieb. motive. circulation. make equal underto compare. (grade) . United States. un'tctfte^cn (ftanb unter. VOCABULARY Uc llntttixppc (-. merit. communication or commerce. bergttc^cn). constitutional. tierga^. unternommcn). ba^ f8txfidUm§ (-ffe6. bic Untcrftii^ung (-. cross. bic tain. place under. bit -^er). ture. shelter. unttJOi^l. thread of occasion. JBergangcn^cit (-. ttfft). -en). circumstances. untergcftan* ben). tierbtenen. Jjcrcittigt. bergef^ Untcrtertia. ^). sus- laws. (-§). join. ber fStxlttfX^^abtn (-«. past. ticri^ciftungi^tJoH. cause. t)txhinbcn (toerbanb. prop. Derbunbcn). fo toelter). (unb and so promising. the sixth year in a Ger- l^erbrangen. to ha^ Untcrpf anb (-c^. gain. to united. assistance. merit. bic fStxtcfix^ht^itfiunq (-. 231 work up. to vexed.

injury. beforehand. tJcrflagen. t)itimal{§). saucy low. to (cr toerlcifet. to prepare. advance. completely. toon (dat. of. finish. tJcrtUgcti. bring action ein t)icl ^tto einlegen. tjcrfparen. bird. ftertre* on. onwards. and ace).). tJcrne^men (er t)emimmt. different. waste. -n. prefel- auggerannt). exterminate. abandon. against. bcr fStxtvtqtnt {-n. to complete. on ac- count of. from. -en). SBoWcrhjanberung (-. -^er). tier Iter en manifold. berlaf* biclbeoc^tct. tooQenb^. miss. in sumptuous. ijcrmiffcn. pardon. to stand in place of another. (-). in presence of. square. bie 25erfprc(^ung (-. to neglect. from. ba^ fSolt (-c§. -n). head. range. representa- tJOr {dat. -). on. tocrtritt. to hide. supposed. berloren). nation. in. Uertreten (er ten). times. ift related one. -n. bie fd^lDunben). size or great- (berfc^toanb. leave (behind). race. apportion. Ucrtcilcn. to twine. often. -n). highly tjerliefe. imaginary. toerftc^cn Derftanbcn). many fourth. ahead. ber ISBogcl (-^. by. -"-er). insolent. common school. conceal. t)ielfa(^. much. damage. with. meift). primary or nationality. astonished. \)tvna^m. full (of). bie 8!^iertclftunbe (-. (me^r. four. save. -en). (derlor. understand. Uerfuc^cn. entirely. toierte. four cornered. gulp t^crfc^njinben down. bermeint.232 beginners' GERMAN tjcraeilften (bcrgtelf)/ bersiel)en). t)otl. ber* ness of nations or racej. to accuse. sue. mi- gration of peoples. to disappear. tJcrfaumen. forsake. tierftccfctt. try. to attempt. surprised. bcrfc^Iungen). ijcrraffen fen). regarded. t)icrerfig. tjoraui^rcnnen (rannte t)orau«. ar- tjolfenben. concerning. much heeded. a quarter of an hour. Doran. rectangular. perceive. to miss. much respected. (-«. ein — ^r). before. bie fStt^cxijunq cial condition. kiicr. before. t)crtrat. ber ISBertretcr in front of. kicrfc^Ungcn (berfd^Iang. to divide. foremost. to against. formerly. relative. . to spare. often. fre- bcr 85eduft (-e^. veto (a bill). to par- see i8erfef)r6be3ie()ung. to hear. loss. to t)om = t)on bent. distribute. swallow. commer- don. represent. many. people. ber fStttoanhtc {-n. upon. tjorBcrctten. to lose. ^). tJerfd^icben. -n). ha^ fSolUtnm (-^. quently. to bie f8olU^d)viU (-. ago. destroy. at the tive. Dernommen). promise. tin — bor* ^r). to run ahead. get ready htttonnhcti. ift bie fS'olftVQXd^c (-. (oerftanb. vanish. -e).

wall map or chart. happen. bag S^orurteil (-g. toarten. forest. grim. bag SBarenlagcr (-g^ -). why. to wait. -). wanderer. pilgrimage. blackboard. rule. bic !S8Drfrf|uk (-. govern. to foreshadow. tiorfprerfien (er fpric^t dor. bte SSanbtafel (-. d^en). front. reading ber SSanberer (-g. wood. wall. t)orgcfoTn* tiorfommcn nten). to awake. to carry or bring before. the day before the warm. traveler. elect. teach pronounce to one how to aSanbfarte (-. bic (-. SSanbul^r (-. warehouse. storehouse. -n). -en). tiotgeftcrn. for. ber SSanbertrieb (-g. bor. bic carriage. to watch. at each elec- bcr JBorbcrgrunb *c). take before. toatiXf true. toat^fen (er tuad^ft. grow. JBorbilbung (-.VOCABULARY k»or6Ubcn. what. -Icute). 233 (-. long ? fett — ? since when? lecture (on). guard. iDa^Ien. educate. toad^ttt. represent. forenoon. vigilant. -en). whilst. getoad^* etloag. hoi^ SSiilb* to come forth. bic SBanb (-. blc ©orbcrtafcl (-. wagon. to wander. pil- aloud. what kind (sort — toac^fam. — auf (occ). to wait toa^. hjanbern {aux. bic SBanbcrfd^aft (-. bk ^ad\t ber watch. election. toann. toarum. toatva. lay before. nal^m t)or. {-. -e). to choose. impulse (inclination) to wander. fein). during the former. bcr SSanbeti^mann {-{t)^. fore- tion. see filr cin. bet jcbcr (-e^. dorQCtragen). watchful. wall clock. vehicle. undertake. when. trug dor. SBagen SSa^l (-g. toud^g. to dispose. {tarn toa^renb {gen. ber JBormittag (-e^. -e). toortragen (er tragt dor. to give a preparatory education. preceding.)^ during. toorlcgcn. to bic toalten. -n). -en). to or for (one). tft time that. real. bortiorgeftern. choice. to wash. day before yesterday. -en). toafd^cti (er toSfd^t. bic Dorgefprod^en). ber SBttlb (-eg. traveler. gctDofd^cn)^ wax. preparatory or elementary school. traveling. tJornc^imen (cr nimmt to t)or. bic pronounce. -er. ber S5orfi^ (-eg). day before yesterday. travel. display. take in hand. dim. why. -). preparation. deliver (a how speech). toufd^. -en). -n). — . to ift of). selection. three days ago. -e). sit up. -n). lecture. presidency. . that which. borgenommen). roam. fen). -^c). ground. fprad^ t)or. fSotit^nnq -en). prejudice. genuine. appear. t>otiQ. front tablet.

234 beginners' GERMAN toenbcn (manbtc. portance. direct. matter of importance. to gegangen). ber SSibcr^aff (-g. wide. wine. totc'bcrftolen. when. like. manner. fo fd^on — as beautiful as. marf. -t). of toer). bic SSclt (-. which. ift tticrben (er h)irb. weather. -en). bic ber smooth. (toicg. (-. ouf -en). totcberfei^ett (er fte^t mieber. as hjer. manner. -e). again. tntMn. the toetten. storm. -e). toc^ren. tote. water. of whom. WCQCn {with preceding or following gen. to turn (over. bie 2St(i^tigfeit (-. few.. change. on account leisure. fa^ tDie* hit SSettftonbeli^mael^t (-. eg. worth. to bet on toid^tig. be. Uiemg. vine. on the other hand. around. about). way. to become. resist. see SBerftag. world. route. ber SSeften (-g). toicbcrifeolen. whose. to bet. wager. although. road. -e). wise. white. toicberfc^retben (fd^rieb h)iebcr. hjeifen gemiefcn). what. self. SSctfinad^tctt (pi. -n). while. totcbcr. toenn. agony of longing. gc* who. bic SScrfftattc (-. prudent. ber SScrfeltag. little. to bic SScifc style. work. pain. bag SSettcr (-g. distance. SScilc -n). power inter- bcr. Santa soft. ber SBerftag (-eg. way. when. fid^ throw. tft njctt. on account of. national commerce. hjcffen time. who. for the sake of. far. grow. Claus. production. value. echo. to wag.). it. bie week-day. again. time. woe. — bag SSerf (-eg. njetterge^cn (ging toelter. njcift. to see again. to defend one's Xot\(ii. . oppose. bcr SScg (-e^. ha^ SBaffer (-4. Ujcrfen (er mirft. respecting. wheat. (-. if. to repeat. — — — c. -c). see of bic world-commerce. to misery. --^c). -en). which. bergefd^rieben). meltcr* how. im- point. -e). ber SBcin (-eg. wherefore. with regard to. if. . delicate. because. (-. bag SSc^ (-eg. genjanbt). because of. ttjeldft. of which. deed. er. SSiebcrfel^en! until we SBctoirtft^aft each other again! good-by! totcberum. ber SBctsen (-g). he who.). to prevent. cunning. important. tDorben). tender. large. bic SSctte (-. Christmas. whenever. n)tebergefe]^en). (~)/ SSei^nacftt^sci^ Christmas ber SScrt (-eg. a while. -n). tourbc [toarb]. not much. totxi. 'tilt {gen. barauf — . as. what. toCi^tocgen. workshop. n)ie* wave. weight. to go further. -e or -en). passage. -). SBet^nod^ti^matin (-eg). since. for. bring back. weighty. -). though. broad. show. working-day. -n). West. 9en)orfen). tticifc. dis- tant. hjcnnglcic^. to write again.

. over. bar ber 3tti^n {-^. inn. order of at. reside. to dwell. dwellingresidence.). tounberlic^. pL -t. -). of course. -n)f tDtebiel. toomtt. he did not himself. will. -n). tool^l. what marvelous. to desire. -). astonishing. living- whine. (-^). tooth. -e). ber f5^0QcnptaU rebound of majesty. where. desire. real. buc^). actual. weekly. probably. (-. hit ber SStrt (-c^. whereat. like. con- nected words. -c). bic fS^oltt (-. billow. -). to SBurscl (-. benevolent. SBortfoIge -n). ha^ SSort (-c6). miracle. know how to do. bcr SBoftnfi^ (-c^. to wish. to ba^ SSunbct (-^. toolset. wind. -c). -). operate. too. on. jo^tcn. husbandry. toinfcin. economic terest. want. produce. wild. bliss. intend. upon what (which). week. H. ber SSurf (-e^. in. live. SSirtfc^apintcrcffc (-«. toiffcn (er h)ei6. SBonnc joy. to wish. economic (al). toofiitdixQf beneficent. dignity. tooi^ilt. tt)i)(ftentlt(^. to pay cash. tounberbar. bic SSicfc {-. Vienna. n)u6te. whither. of or concerning bcr SSifd^cr (-«. tooUen. toilb. number. how many. whereof. cast. er toufetc fic§ nic^t p ^elfen. tootion. whence. where. -n). perbic 8 3<JW (-/ -^tt). -n). tooratl. throw. room. agricultural. ber SSintcr {-^. to count. -). what place. odd. charitable. (-. bcr SBol^n^k^ (-t^. aston- know. wherewith. science. which (what). hjunbertjott. to help ishment. number. ber SSi^fcl Jtiirfcn. black- board-eraser. winter. 235 -^e). place. well. haps. to pay. ja^lcn. effect. wave. — . wonderful. neut. to work. rapture. wonder. hJirfUc^. whimper. wonderful. wonderful. indeed.VOCABULARY SStcn (-6. strange. h)irtf(l^aftlt(^. 9en3u6t). at which. bic SBiitbc (-. dwelling-place. innkeeper. host. how. -n). word. cloud. for (in) which. bic SBorffc (-. tounberfam. town. in- words. be willing. -en). -en). whereof. bic SSirtfc^aft (-. belonging to economics or to a household. -^c). tom\<i)tn. undoubtedly. tooriibcr. economics. bic -"-er {as SSortcr* disconnected words. wiper. figure. when. -^c). honor. (-. bic SSiffenft^aft (-. to ba^ SSoi^nsimmcr M. (tree) top. with which (what). farming interest. -n). tX}ofinttt. ha^ -n). meadow. bic oflSce. inn-keeping. root. -n). bcr SSinb (-e«. bic SSogc waves.

crunch. -ffe). $ferb. to go back. augelaffen). nalim gu. 5lbenb to. l^aben pull. (ritt guriid. -c or -en). 3ctt (-. Scrfrfjcttcn {aux. ift gurtidf^ hk S^^^C^^) Sicren. about. time. draw. hk S^M^ (-/ 5ur=gu ber. re- sound. to take in addition. sketch. to (-/ -(s)^)f ornament. to draw. pull. Siirnen. on.236 beginners' GERMAN 5U. tenth. angry. -c). f8. -). vault of Sulaff en (cr lagt gu. to echo back. auf ben to be going on towards 3ciic (-/ -i^)f line. juerft. tent. gu* to fall to pieces. to close. with the teeth. to be angry (ilber. guriidf. to elect governor. gu (dat. at first. at. march. ger* brod^cn). together. — genfter fiin* look out of the win- jcrbrcdjcn (cr gcrbrtd^t. to lead back. \dn). guriirffommen (tarn suriidf. gerfal- nimmt gu. ift ha^ S^nqni^ Hfeg. to go to pieces. len). to Sum=gu bem. guriirf^affen. gefommcn). to. guriirfreiten to come back.). 5ci(^nen. augfe()en. firstly. turn. certificate. -^e). room. anger. too. ten. gwfommcn. pointer. bie 3«Jitttft {-). bag Scit (-e^. gunci^men (cr break to pieces. guriirffiii^ren. gerfd^nttten). take place. point out. to send back. to trace back 5te^cn (gog. serftel. decoration. jcrfc^ncibcu (ger[(^Tiitt. gcrbiffen). quiver. to it^ntt. -'^)f tongue. 5ormg. tolerable. for. return. ^aufe. Scrbciftcn (^erblfe. to and move. 5. to dow. to — ®out)erneur ma^Icn. urn. bie bie — . increase. backwards. 5tcmlic^. extend. cut up. gc^n. to be wrecked. ber 3oi^n (-g). 5Ctgcn. ift re- ornament. quarreling. to jerk. aux. fall into genommen). jnmad^en. to send back. with). gurUdge* fanbt). Seugcn. start. evening. ha^ Santtn {-^). guriirfgcften (ging guriirf. guriidfge* ritten). rather. guriidfgc* gangen). gugefien (ging ju. guriitffenben (fanbte guriidf. gerbrad^. back. -). fein). see 58eifpicl. pas- mark. to leave closed. -en). future. — — — guriirffc^trfen. to cut into pieces. decorate. by. . heaven. on foot. to admit. to show. train. to ride back (on horse). go up hand. flash. at home. bag Safintvtfi (-«. jutfen. gesogen.=ium ^eifpiel. ba^ Simmer M. ber 3w9 (-^g. gu6. toothache. drawing. to gugegaitgen). to testify. at. — auf. parts or branches. ift ba^ Scicftncn {-^). to. break bite. ift jcrfattcn (er gcrfallt. to ber S^tgcr (-g. ber 3«rf^J^ M)/ sugar. bear witness. testimonial. on horseback. liefe gu. sage.

(einctn). be the be closed. to be sure. jtttocnben (manbte gu. to hold together. 5ttfte^ctt (fam gufammcn. duty of. to belong to. imif. second. assem- two. in truth. and acc. gufamtncnGebunbcn). to (cr l^iilt Sufammen^altcn f)ielt gufanxTncn. of course. twelfth. -c). turn towards. suf ammen. (ftanb ju. jtDcttc.)^ between. jufieftanben) among. . to bind together. gtoolftc. ^mXf Shjci. aufammengefommcn). meet. bcr 3^ctg (-(c)^. indeed. 5tt)tf(i|cn {dat. gufamntcngejalten). jufammcttfommctt fie finb come ble. gugchjanbt). branch. to together.VOCABULARY 3«fammcn6tttbcti (banb ^2>1 to gufommcn. twelve.


It stimulates the pupil's interest and develops real reading ability. is maintained throughout the book. Direct for oral and written work accompanies each of the reading exercises. and a full vocabulary. Price 90 cents This is based. with illustrations and accompanying questions and material for drill. complete grammatical tables. at- tract the attention of truly progressive teachers of German America. New York City. 5. therefore. an abstract of German grammar in German. carefully graded so as to develop the student's vocabulary and to assist him in obtaining a mastery of the language. 4. CARL A. The building up of a A true German atmosphere working vocabulary is emphasized systematically. and Lecturer in New York fort-on-Main. Series German Reader Director of the Musterschule. Frank- Max Walter. Some noteworthy features of the FIRST GERMAN READER 1 . University. and Dr. like the "BEGINNERS' GERMAN. KRAUSE.The Walter-Krause German First By Dr. It contains fifty selections for reading. CHARLES SCRIBNER'S SONS NEW YORK CHICAGO BOSTON ." upon the direct method skilfully worked out to meet the needs of American schools. 3. Head of the Department of Modern Languages in Jamaica High School. drill carefully graded to meet the 2. The book is made more attractive and useful by twelve full-page illustrations and a map of Germany. after which are included a number of well-known German songs with music. are: is Its plan is simple and the material needs of the average class-room. The FIRST in GERMAN READER will. Following these are fifteen additional selections of a more general character for supplementary reading.

passages of connected English prose for composition work. skilfully worked out to fit the needs of American schools. Series German Max Walter. After the 3. Director of the Musterschule. It is the basic book of the Walter-Krause German fol- contains forty-six carefully developed lessons. is 2. Grammar The is taught inductively. New York City.: The Walter-Krause German Beginners^ By Dr. It is noteworthy in these respects \. Head of the Department of Modern Languages in Jamaica High School. lowed by selections for reading. building up of a working vocabulary is is emphasized systematically. Price $1. 5. 4. the essentials of Ger- man grammar. full map of This book embodies the best features of the direct methody which has made Dr. and a German songs Germany. Frank- and Dr. Walter famous.00 This Series. with music. A German atmosphere carefully maintained throughout the book. reading made the centre of instruction. preliminary lessons. Oral work is insisted on from the outset. University. 6. Five hundred and the best teaching of this inspiring more German teachers representing German in America have by test found useful text-book for beginners. book the most CHARLES SCRIBNER'S SONS NEW YORK CHICAGO BOSTON . CARL A. and Lecturer in New York fort-on-Main. a a group of the best-known vocabulary. KRAUSE. Drill in writing German accompanies the oral work and the reading exercises.

French in Instructor in Teachers College. exercises for drill work on be based so distin- grammar and idiom. Soon rector of to Appear MAX WALTER. consists of 63 short stories or anecdotes carefully graded and provided with questions and exercises to assist the teacher in drilling the pupil language. DiFrankfort-on-Main. by the Musterschule. Instructor in BEGINNERS' FRENCH. and a vocabulary. and French in Teachers College. It will consist of carefully graded les- sons. Walter guished an exponent. of which Dr. Price 75 cents Teachers who are looking for material to use in will teaching oral French It be interested in this little book. Miss Anna Woods Ballard. Verb lists on the spoken and a vocabulary complete the of oral drill which has recently book. Columbia University. Columbia University. selections for reading.Short Stories for Oral French By Miss ANNA WOODS BALLARD. The requirement makes this been added to the school programme in various parts of the country book especially timely. It will is on the direct method. CHARLES SCRIBNER'S SONS NEW YORK CHICAGO BOSTON . This will be the basic book of the Walter-Ballard French series.







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