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Ipinaskil noong 01/29/2009 ni Roberto Añonuevo Hindi makapaniwala ang mga tao noon na wala naman talagang langit at lupa. Ako, si Alunsina, at ang asawa kong si Tungkung Langit ang pinagmulan ng lahat ng bagay. Kaming dalawa lamang ang pinag-ugatan ng buhay. Mula sa kaibuturan ng kawalan, itinakda ng aming kasaysayan ang paglitaw ng daigdig ng mga tao. Nabighani si Tungkung Langit nang una niya akong makita. Katunayan, niligawan niya ako nang napakatagal, sintagal ng pagkakabuo ng tila walang katapusang kalawakan na inyong tinitingala tuwing gabi. At paanong hindi mapaiibig si Tungkung Langit sa akin? Mahahaba’t mala-sutla ang buhok kong itim. Malantik ang aking balakang at balingkinitan ang mahalimuyak na katawan. Higit sa lahat, matalas ang aking isip na tumutugma lamang sa gaya ng isip ni Tungkung Langit. Kaya sinikap ng aking matipuno’t makapangyarihang kabiyak na dalhin ako doon sa pook na walang humpay ang pag-agos ng dalisay, maligamgam na tubigan. Malimit kong marinig ang saluysoy ng tubig, na siya ko namang sinasabayan sa paghimig ng maririkit na awit. Napapatigalgal si Tungkung Langit tuwing maririnig ang aking tinig. “Alunsina,” aniya, “ikaw ang iibigin ko saan man ako sumapit!” Pinaniwalaan ko ang kaniyang sinambit. At ang malamig na simoy sa paligid ang lalo yatang nagpapainit ng aming dibdib kapag kami’y nagniniig. Napakasipag ng aking kabiyak. Umaapaw ang pag-ibig niya; at iyon ang aking nadama, nang sikapin niyang itakda ang kaayusan sa daloy ng mga bagay at buhay sa buong kalawakan. Iniatang niya sa kaniyang balikat ang karaniwang daloy ng hangin, apoy, lupa, at tubig. Samantala’y malimit akong maiwan sa aming tahanan, na siya ko namang kinayamutan. Bagaman inaaliw ko ang sarili sa paghabi ng mga karunungang ipamamana sa aming magiging anak, hindi mawala sa aking kalooban ang pagkainip. Wari ko, napakahaba ang buong maghapon kung naroroon lamang ako’t namimintana sa napakalaki naming bahay. Madalas akong gumawi sa aming pasigan, at manalamin sa malinaw na tubig habang sinusuklay ang mababangong buhok. Ngunit tuwing tititig ako sa tubig, ang nakikita ko’y hindi ang sarili kundi ang minamahal na si Tungkung Langit. Sabihin nang natutuhan ko kung paano mabagabag. Ibig kong tulungan ang aking kabiyak sa kaniyang mabibigat na gawain. Halimbawa, kung paano itatakda ang hihip ng hangin. O kung paano mapasisiklab ang apoy sa napakabilis na paraan. O kung paano gagawing malusog ang mga lupain upang mapasupling nang mabilis ang
Sa mga sandaling yaon. Nagdulot iyon ng aming pagtatalo. Dumating ang yugtong nagpaalam ang aking kabiyak. Lingid sa kaniya. may mahalaga akong gawaing kailangang matapos. Ipinagtabuyan niya ako palabas sa aming tahanan. Kaparis ko rin naman siyang bathala. Alunsina?” asik ni Tungkung Langit sa akin. May bahid ng pagmamadali ang tinig ng aking minamahal. “Dito ka na lamang sa ating tahanan. nagdulot din yaon ng mainit na pagtatalo sa panig naming dalawa. napapakagat-labi na lamang ako habang may pumipitlag sa aking kalooban. Samantala. nagsisimula nang mamuo sa aking kalooban ang matinding paninibugho sa kaniyang ginagawa. kapag natapos ko na ang lahat ay wala ka nang hahanapin pa!” At malimit nagbabalik lamang siya kapag malalim na ang gabi. Alunsina. “Ano ba naman ang dapat mong ipanibugho. Dahil sa nangyari. “Mahal kong Alunsina. Aaluin ko siya at pipisilin naman niya ang aking mga palad . Ibig ko siyang sundan. Umalis nga si Tungkung Langit at nagtungo kung saan. Tumatanggi ang aking mahal. “Huwag mo na akong hintayin ngayong gabi’t maaga kang matulog. Makikita ko na lamang siyang umaalis sa aming tahanan nang napakaaga. Tila nagtutukop siya ng mga tainga upang hindi na marinig ang aking pagpupumilit. Subalit pinatititikan ko siya sa dayaray upang mabatid ang kaniyang paroroonan. Ngunit ano man ang aking naisin ay hindi ko maisakatuparan. Magpahinga ka. Nakita ko sa kaniyang mga mata ang paglalagablab. At ang pag-iral na yaon ang sinasagkaan ng aking pinakamamahal. hindi ko mapigil ang aking mga luha na pumatak. “Alunsina. di ko nais na makita kang nagpapakapagod!” Tuwing naririnig ko ang gayong payo ni Tungkung Langit. Magbabalik din agad ako. Natunugan ni Tungkung Langit ang aking ginawa. bathala na may angkin ding kapangyarihan at dunong. inagaw niya sa akin ang kapangyarihan ko. kunot ang noo. lalong nagiging abala si Tungkung Langit sa kaniyang paggawa ng kung ano-anong bagay. Ibig kong maging makabuluhan ang pag-iral. “Ang ginagawa ko’y para mapabuti ang daloy ng aking mga nilikha sa daigdig ng mga tao!” Napoot ang aking kabiyak sa akin. Araw-araw. at lumalabas sa kaniyang bibig ang usok ng pagkapoot. hindi ko mapigil ang maghinanakit. Nagalit siya sa dayaray at ang dayaray ay isinumpa niyang paulit-ulit na hihihip sa dalampasigan upang ipagunita ang pagsunod niya sa nasabing bathala.” ani Tungkung Langit.mga pananim. at tila laging malayo ang iniisip. .
Sinlamig ng bato ang buong paligid. Ngunit nanatili siyang bigo. Ayoko. Ang kaniyang pagkabigo na mapanumbalik ang aking pagmamahal ay higit niyang dinamdam. naisip niyang lumikha ng malalawak na karagatan upang maging salamin ko. hindi na muli akong lumingon nang hindi ko makita ang bathalang inibig ko noong una pa man. Hind gayon kababaw ang aking katauhang mabilis maaakit sa karagatan. mahilig si Alunsina na manalamin sa gilid ng aming sapa? Nababaliw si Tungkung Langit. Halimbawa. palumpong. Hubad din ako nang kami’y maghiwalay. Humanap pa ng mga paraan ang dati kong kabiyak upang paamuin ako. Mula noon. damo. “Ngayon. matututo rin si Tungkung Langit na magpahalaga sa kahit na munting bagay. pinapangarap niyang muling marinig ang aking matarling na tinig.Oo. Naghasik siya ng mga buto at nagpasupling ng napakaraming halaman. Ayoko nang magbalik pa sa kaniya. Lumipas ang panahon at patuloy niya akong hinanap. aniya. nadarama ko ang kaniyang pighati. nabalitaan ko na lamang na pinananabikan niya ang paghihintay ko sa kaniya kahit sa gitna ng magdamag. Akala niya’y maaakit ako sa kaniyang gawi. Alam kong nagkamali ng pasiya si Tungkung Langit na hiwalayan ako. Oo. maiibigan ito ni Alunsina. inaasam-asam niya na muli akong magbabalik sa kaniyang piling sa paniniwalang ibig kong makamit muli ang kapangyarihang inagaw niya sa akin. Kahit malawak ang puwang sa aming pagitan.” Umaalingawngaw ang tinig ni Tungkung Langit at inaamo ako dito sa aking bagong pinaghihimpilan upang ako’y magbalik sa kaniya.Hindi ko kailangan ang aking kapangyarihan kung ang kapangyarihan ay hindi mo rin naman magagamit. Habang nakasakay sa ulap. Pumaloob din si Tungkung Langit sa daigdig na nilikha niya na laan lamang sa mga tao. Hindi ba. Lumungkot nang lumungkot si Tungkung Langit at laging mainit ang ulo. baging. Ipinaabot sa akin ng dayaray ang naganap sa dati naming tahanan ni Tungkung Langit. Hindi ko kailangan ang kapangyarihan kung magiging katumbas iyon ng pagkabilanggo sa loob ng bahay at paglimot sa sariling pag-iral. Pumusyaw ang dating matitingkad na palamuti sa aming bahay.” sabi ko sa dayaray. Gayunman. Nang lumabas ako sa pintuan. kinuha niya sa dati naming silid ang mga nilikha kong alahas. muli siyang nabigo dahil hindi ako nagbalik sa kaniyang piling. Hubad ako nang una niyang makita. “Mabuti naman. nilisan ko ang aming bahay nang walang taglay na anumang mahalagang bagay. Ipinukol niya .” ang tila narinig kong sinabi niya. nadarama ko ang kaniyang paghikbi. Nagdulot din yaon sa kaniya upang lalong maging malikhain sa paghahanap. Ngunit hindi. hinahanap niya ang aking maiinit na halik at yakap. “Marahil. at punongkahoy.
Naging buwan ang dati kong ginintuang suklay. Kahit ano pa ang gawin ni Tungkung Langit. kaya huwag kayong magtaka kung bakit umuulan. hindi na muli akong nagbalik sa kaniyang piling. at muling isinalaysay ni Roberto T.lahat ang mga alahas sa kalawakan upang masilayan ko. Lumuha nang lumuha si Tungkung Langit. at sa aking kumakawag na supling. Namighati siya. at ang kaniyang pagluha ay nagdulot sa unang pagkakataon ng pag-ulan. at naging araw ang ginawa kong pamutong sa ulo. Añonuevo] . Ang mga luha ni Tungkung Langit ang huhugas sa akin. May panahong tumitindi ang kaniyang pighati. [Hango sa mito ng Hiligaynon at Waray. nagbubunga yaon ng malalakas na pagkulog at pagkidlat. gaya lamang ng naganap sa akin dati doon sa aming tirahan. naghunos na mga bituin ang mga hiyas ko’t mutya. At nadama niya kung paanong mamuhay nang mag-isa. Kapag siya’y humahagulgol.
and comb her long. In the morning when he woke up. It was in this place where order and regularity first took place.Philippine Literature Tungkung Langit And Alunsina Panay – Visayan Myth One of the stories about the creation of the world which the old people of Panay. and selfish goddess whose only work was to sit by the window of their heavenly home and amuse herself with her pointless thoughts.black hair all day long. where the water was constantly warm and the breeze was forever cool. Tungkung Langit was an industrious. Tunkung Langit felt very lonely. For months. He regretted what he had done. of courtship. Tungkung Langit (“Pillar of the Sky”) and Alunsina (“The Unmarried One”). And so. This reproach was resented by Alunsia and a quarrel between them followed. he divested his wife of powers and drove her away. sit down by a pool near doorsteps. he decided he should do something to forget his sorrows. He must do something about his lonely world. the sky. and the air were almost mixed up. while he was sailing across the regions of the clouds. For months he pondered on this. he called her attention. jet. and after so many years. the somber sight of the lonely sea and the barren land irritated him. In a world. The whole place. Sometimes. Tungkung Langit lost his temper. he would feel the loneliness creeping deep in his heart because there was no one to meet him at the doorstep or soothe the aching muscles of his arms. loving and kind god whose chief concern was how to impose order over the whole confused setup of things. However. One day Tungkung Langit told his wife that he would be away from home for some time to put an end to the chaotic disturbances in the flow of time and in the position of things. do not tire relating. In his rage. . This made the latter very angry when he found out about it. a thought came to him. Just where these two deities came from. One day. it was too late to even be sorry about the whole matter. Everything there was shapeless and formless – the earth. But. He assumed responsibility for the regular cosmic movements. Alunsina sent the breeze to spy on Tungkung Langit. suddenly became cold and desolate. it was not known. Tungkung Langit lived in utter desolation. tells that in the beginning there was no sky or earth – only a bottomless deep and a world of mist. He could not find Alunsina. Alusina was a lazy. he would find himself alone. especially those living near the mountains. there was confusion. Then from the depth of this formless void. Immediately after his return from his trip. He did not know where Alunsia went. and in the afternoon when he came home. they got married and had their abode in the highest realm of the ethereal space. once vibrant with Alunsina’s sweet voice. there appeared two gods. Several days after Alunsina had left. However. in desperation. And lo! The earth and the sea suddenly appeared. saying that it was ungodly of her to be jealous. He would make the sea and the earth. On the other hand. it is related that Tungkung Langit fell in love with Alunsina. she merely disappeared. she would go down the house. the sea. jealous. there being no other creature living in the world except the two of them.
DISCUSSION QUESTION 1. write the group answer on the board NOTE: Give only word phrase answers. incidentally. despite all these. hoping that when Alunsina would see them she might be induced to return home. How is Tungkung Langit described? 2. Alunsina did not come back. Up to this time. when it thunders hard. calling for his beloved Alunsina to come back entreating her so hard that his voice reverberates across the fields and countryside. The goddess’s necklace became the stars. the old folk says Tungkung Langit lives alone in his place the skies. Then. Historical Perspective Men Women . the old folk say that it is Tungkuling Langit sobbing. What is the role of Alunsina in the life of Tungkung Langit? How did she make the life of Tungkung Langit unhappy? 4. he would cry out his pent –up emotions and his tears would fall down upon the earth.So he came own to earth and planted the ground with trees and flowers. How is Alunsina described? 3. Then he took his wife’s treasured jewels and scattered them in the sky. Sometimes. however. find out why men and women can be evaluated in terms of their roles in society. her comb the moon and her crown the sun. How is a man and woman described in this myth? 6. What happens to Tungkuling Langit after the disappearance of Alunsina? 5. The people in Panay today say that rain is Tungkung Langit’s tears. Is this perception of a man and a woman still true at present? ACTIVITY 1 Group into 6’s and record the character traits of Tungkung Langit and Alunsina in the table below. Alunsina Tungkuling Langit ` ACTIVITY 2 From the details you have noted down in Activity 1.
At the time Namongan was getting ready to deliver her first born. He travelled faster after this and soon reached the place in which he found many Igorots still celebrating around the severed head of his father. While the husband was away. He slew them all. except one whom he tortured first before releasing. The baby boy was very strange because he could talk from the moment he was born and even he told his mother that he should be named Lam.Past present Past Present Then. believing his dreams to be true. Don Juan had to go to the mountains to punish an Igorot band. When Lam. He also chose his own baptismal sponsor.ang. Are the differences or none at all? Read the following epics and a answer the discussion question that follow: Philippine Literature BIAG NI LAM – ANG Ilocano Epic The following is just the basic form of the epic: In Nalbuan (La Union) lived Namongan and her husband Don Juan Panganiban. compare how men and women are described in the past with the present. . he dreamed one night of Igorots celebrating the death of his father.months old and his father has not yet returned the boy resolved to go after his father: While traveling. He woke up in anger.ang was nine. Namongan gave birth to a baby boy. And he asked his mother where his father was.
Upon arriving at the house of Ines Kannoyab. The people shouted in surprise and fear. So he married and there was great celebration.Upon returning to Nalbuan.ang told Ines that he had a premonition that he would be bitten by a big fish called berkakan (pr9obably of the shark family while fishing. So much was the dirt and so evil was the smell taken off his body that the fish in the river all died.ang slew Sumarang.ang fell inlove with a girl named Kannoyan. Later. This was what Lam. the bones of Lam.ang made his white rooster crow mightily to impress everyone. he might be revived. he nevertheless took a while rooster ans a dog with him as he went forth to court lnes.ang. Lam. When he returned to Kalanutian. and with the loving ministrations of the rooster. and Ines Kannoyan. they quarreled violently. But the white rooster told Ines that if the bones of Lam. And the house that collapsed before went up again as if nothing had happened. And it was as he said. Lam. So Lam. Philippine Literature INDARAPATRA AT SULAYMAN Maranao Epic . After some time. So. He was killed. with the help of adiver named Marcos. Lam. and immediately a house in the neighborhood collapsed. And to impress her. Duly impressed. The parents said they would bestow the hand of Ines upon Lam.ang went home and prepared for his wedding. several women friends gave him a bath in the Amburayan river. the dog. and Lam. ines Kannoyan and her parents came down and learned from the rooster of the intensions of Lam. Upon knowing that they were rivals. the headman of the town reminded lam-ang that his turn to catch raring (a kind of fish) had come. daughter of the richest man in Kalanutian. Lam. Lam.ang lived again. he and his companions were abroad a vessel of gold which more than matched the wealth of his future parents. Ines Kannoyan looked out her window. This rival’s name was Sumarang. he met another suitor of Ines.ang if the suitor could equal their wealth consisting of lands and gold. he made his dog growl. Hearing the noise of the shouts.ang could be recovered and gathered together.in – law. Although his mother tried to dissuade him.ang expected.ang were collected.ang found a crowd of rivals vying for the hand of the lady. On the way to Kalanutian.
But Sulayman knowing at once that this was the scourge of the land.” So Sulayman departed for Mindanao. drew his sword and cut Kurita to pieces. Kurita . For many years the people prospered . The fourth monster was also a dreadful bird. but he could see no living thing. living in the peace and contentment. lived on Mt. And he was very sorrowful and cried out: “Alad. it will die also. Matutum. for if you live. There many people living in the country and all the highlands were dotted with villages and settlements. gave him a ring and a sword as he wished him success and safety. So great was the death and destruction caused by these terrible creatures that at length. when on the wing. it will live. in the land of the golden sunset. “and the land shall be avenged. the heart of King Indarapatra was filled with compassion. was so large that. having seven heads and the power to see in all directions at the same time. Mt. a terrible creature with may limbs. but if you die. but went through the air and landed on the mountain where the rattan grew. was moved with pity.” said he. an ugly creature in the form of man. He looked on the land and the villages. and begged him to save the land of Mindanao from the monsters. The third an enormous bird called Pah. When tidings of these great disasters reached this distant city. and there only people who escaped its voracity were those who hid in the mountain caves.” zeal and enthusiasm adding to his strength. was a city so great that to look at its many people would injurie the eyes of men. how pitiful and dreadful is this devastation. it wrought havoc to its re gion. King Indarapatra proud of his brother’s courage. Sulayman listened to the story and as he heard it. Sukayman. Now far across the sea. Encouraged by his first success. laying waste the land. Matutum. where the . and the sea cover all the lowlands so that nothing could be seen but the mountains jutting from it. in a sort time has devoured every human being they could find. lives partly on land and partly on the sea. Sulayman went to Mt. Then he placed a young sapling by his window and said to Sulayman “By this tree I shall know your fate from the hour you depart from here. Bita was is haunt. Suddenly out of the ground came at his flesh. and her neither waded nor used a boat. Mindanao was covered with water. and he called his brother. Gurayan was its home and like the others. Tarabusaw.A long. and here it brought utter destruction on every living thing. long time ago. “I will go. the news spread even to the most distant lands – and all nations grieved to hear the das fate of Mindanao. it covered the s7un and brought darkness to the earth. Its egg was so large as a house. There he stood on the summit and gazed about on all sides. The second monster.” No sooner had Sulayman uttered those words than the whole mountain began to move and then shook. Mt. but its favorite haunt was the mountain where the rattan palm grew. and far and wide from that place he devoured the people. Suddenly appeared in the land four horrible monster which.
and they hid a cave in the ground from whence they never ventured to come out. For a long time. they had hidden in a hollow tree. he knew that his. came life again. and he poured a small jar of water over the bones of Sulayman. He. and when he saw the bones of Tarabusaw. he sat down on a rock to rest when. Of all people in the land. immediately he struck. awed at the great destruction. Bita. in the course of his search. where the dead bird lay on the ground. Putting on his sword and belt. This. Disappointed and tired. At Indarapatra’s request. Gurayan where he killed. only few left. and though he passed by many homes. the old woman led him to one such cave. he beheld a small jar of water by his side. His grief now so overwhelmed Indarapata that he wept for some time. Then Tarabusaw used all his powers to try to devour Sulayman. but the wing fell on Sulayman and he was crushed. Then although he was very sad. As he greeted her. however. After some time Sulayman returned to his distant home. With a loud yell. As he did so. They all gathered about the strange. until at last. Indarapatra began searching everywhere to see id some of the people who hid in the earth were still alive. was the work of Sulayman. the battle continued. but Indapatra continued his journey to Mt. he saw that not a singlr soul was left. the woman told him. starting him. he started for Mindanao. and thebird fell dead at hisa feet. peace and safety had been restored to the land. Still searching for his brother. she drew neared and talked to him while he ate the rice. . Sulayman declared that he had not been dead but asleep. he caught sight of a beautiful woman at a distance. and their hearts were full of joy. As he looked toward the sky he beheaded a great bird that swooped upom him. He went on till he came to Matutum. neither showing any sign of fear. As for herself and her old husband. Here havoc was present everywhere. he arrived in at Mt. and this they never dared to leave until after Sulayman killed the voracious bird Pah. he knew had been sent from heaven . There he met the headman with his family and some people. Upon looking up. There he looked about. One day. Tarabusaw forth leaped. looking about he saw near him a pot of uncoked rice with big fire on the ground in front of it. the monster fell exhausted to the ground and Dulayman killed him with his sword. too. When he hasatened toward her she disappeared through a hole in the ground where she stood. For a moment they looked at each other. too. Now at this very time King Indapatra was sitting at his window. in search for his brother. and when he lifted the severed wing he be held the bones of Sulayman with his sword by his side. As he stood on the heights viewing the great devastation. Bita. This revived him and he proceeded to cook the rice. They greeted each other and talked animatedly for a great length of time. “Alas!” he cried. “my brother is dead” and he wept bitterly. The next placed visited by Sulayman was Mt. who fought back. he heard someone laugh near by.conditions were even worse. he was filled with a desire for revenge. she went on. As he walked sudden darkness fell over the land. and looking out he saw the little tree wither and dry up. traveled through the air eith great speed until he came to the mountain where the rattan grew. and turning he beheld an old woman watching him. and when she saw the bones of Kurita he knew his brother had been there. there was a noise in the forest and movement in the trees.
And the sea withdrew from the land and the gave lowlands to the people. the headman gave his daughter to him in marriage. character portrayal (man and woman) and Filipino values. then present your findings to the class. Then the people all came out of their hiding places and returned to their homes where they lived in peace and happiness. Use the chart. and legends. Research on some epics. parables. myths. DICUSSION QUESTIONS 1. character portrayal and development. . b. c. Filipino values. Do the epics certain the readers with the extraordinary feats of the hero that show Filipino values in ancient times? 4. Read these two epics and compare them as to: a. How are the women described in these epics OUTPUT Compare and contrast the Ilocano with the Maranao on these points: epic qualities. Plot. Characteristic in terms of epic quality. and of theme. Epic Characteristic Plot Man Character Potrayal Woman Filipino Values INTEGRATION Tell a story. When they found out what Indarapatra had done for them.asking many questions. Do these epics teach moral values? 3. for this was the first time they had heard about the death of the monsters. What are the characteristic features of a n epic that are reflected in these exploits? 2. and she proved to be the beautiful girl whom Indarapatra had seen at the mouth of the cave. plot development.
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