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EXPERIMENT NO.

: 5
1. AIM: To determine the time period of undamped free vibration of equivalent spring mass system. 2. THEORY: Translational Masses Connected by a Rigid Bar Let the masses be attached to a rigid bar that is pivoted to one end. The equivalent spring mass system can be assumed to be located at any point along the bar. To be specific, we assume the location of the equivalent mass to be that of mass m1. The velocities of masses m2( 2) and m3( 3) can be expressed in terms of the velocity of mass m 1( 1), by assuming small angular displacement of the bar, as

And

By equating the kinetic energy of the three mass system to that of the equivalent mass term, we obtain

Which gives,

3. DESCRIPTION: The equipment is designed to study free damped and undamped vibration. It consists of M.S. rectangular beam supported at one end by a trunion pivoted in ball bearing. The bearing housing is fixed to the side member of the frame. The other end of beam is supported by the lower end of helical spring; upper

end of the spring is attached to screws which engages with screwed hand wheel. The screw can be adjusted vertically in any convenient position and can be clamped with the help of lock nut. The exciter unit can be mounted at any position along the beam. Additional known weights may be added to the weight platform under side exciter. 4. EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURE: 1. Support one end of beam in the slot of trunion and clamp it by means of screw. 2. Attach the other end of the beam to lower end of spring. 3. Adjust the screw to which the spring is attached with the help of hand wheel such that beam is horizontal in position. 4. Weight the exciter assembly along with discs, bearing and weights platform. 5. Clamp the assembly at any convenient position. 6. Measure the distance L1 of the assembly from pivot. Allow system to vibrate freely. 7. Measure the time for any 10 oscillations and periodic time and natural frequency of vibration. 8. Repeat the experiment by varying L1 and also putting different weights on the platform. 5. FORMULAE: 1. Equivalent mass at the spring

2. Theoretical time period 3. Actual Time Period

6. OBSERVATION AND CALCULATIONS

7. NOMENCLATURE: g=acceleration due to gravity k=stiffness of the spring L1=Distance of w from the pivot L=Length of Beam from pivot T=time for n oscillations 8. RESULTS: At l= m At l= m

= =

sec sec

= =

sec sec

Error %= Error %=