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Bi 11 TNH HNH CC NC T BN GIA HAI CUC CHIN TRANH TH GII (1918-1939)

1. Thit lp trt t th gii mi theo h thng Vcxai Oasinhtn. - Sau chin tranh TG 1 cc nc t bn thng trn (Anh,Php, M) t chc hi ngh Vc xai (1919-1920) v Oa-sinh-tn (1921-1922) phn chia quyn li. - Qua cc vn kin k kt mt trt t th gii mi c thit lp => H thng Vcxai Oasinhtn. - Vi h thng Vcxai Oasinh tn cc nc thng trn ginh c nhiu quyn li v kinh t v p t, n dch cc nc bi trn 2. Cao tro cch mng 1918 1923 cc nc t bn. Quc t Cng sn. - Hu qu ca cuc chin tranh TG 1 v tc ng ca cch mng thng Mi Nga lm bng n cao tro cch mng cc nc t bn t 1918 - 1923. - Phong tro u tranh i cng bng dn ch, nhng yu sch v kinh t v ng h nc Nga X vit. - Khng ginh c thng li nhng phong tro li nhiu bi hc kinh nghim cho phong tro cng nhn. => S pht trin ca phong tro cch mng th gii i hi phi c mt t chc quc t lnh o. - Thng 3.1919 i hi thnh lp Quc t Cng sn c tin hnh Mt-xc-va. - Hot ng: Ch yu thng qua cc i hi, quan trng nht l i hi II v i hi VII. - ng gp: Lnh o phong tro cch mng th gii, li nhiu bi hc cho phong tro cng nhn v s nghip GPDT - Nm 1943 Quc t Cng sn t tuyn b gii tn v th gii c nhiu thay i v s ch o chung khng cn ph hp. 3. Cuc khng hong kinh t 1929 1933 v hu qu ca n. - Nguyn nhn: + Sn xut t, chy theo li nhun (cung vt cu) + S mt cn bng v kinh t trong ni b tng nc v s pht trin khng u gia cc nc t bn. - c im: + Khng hong v c cu nn kinh t ca ch ngha t bn + Ln v phm vi, trm trng v mc v ko di v thi gian - Hu qu: + Kinh t:Tn ph nng n nn kinh t cc nc t bn, y hng trm triu ngi (cng nhn, nng dn v gia nh h) vo tnh trng i kh. SXCN gim 38%, thng mi gim 2/3 + Chnh tr - x hi: bt n nh. Nhng cuc u tranh, biu tnh din ra lin tc khp c nc, li ko hng triu ngi tham gia. T l ngi tht nghip cao, - i ph li cuc khng hong kinh t v n p phong tro cch mng,giai cp t sn cm quyn cc nc tm cch thot khi bng hai con ng + Anh-Php-M: Ci cch kinh t duy tr CNTB thot khi khng hong. + c-Italia-Nht: Thit lp hnh thc thng tr mi (CNPX ra i) ro rit chy ua v trang =>S ra i ca hai khi quc i lp, bo hiu nguy c ca mt cuc chin tranh th gii mi 4. Phong tro Mt trn nhn dn chng pht xt v nguy c chin tranh. - c im + Phong tro t di s lnh o ca Quc t Cng sn + Mang tnh qun chng rng ri Lan rng khp cc nc t bn - Cc phong tro tiu biu + Php: Mt trn nhn dn Php ginh thng li trong cuc tuyn c 5.1936 v lp chnh ph mi. Mt trn bo v c nn dn ch, Php thot khi him ha pht xt + Ty Ban Nha: Mt trn nhn dn cng ginh c thng li trong tuyn c v thnh lp Chnh ph Mt trn Nhn dn. - Cc nc quc gip cc th lc pht xt gy ni chin tiu dit nn cng ha.