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1

2552




12 cm 2880 rpm

30 mm 70 mT 7
74 mm
40 550
8 cm 7.14 m/s 855 rpm
4.9 V 17.52 mA
3.60 V
14.90 mA LED 7
9%
LED

.
.
4






1
1
1
3
4
4
5
5
8
19
19
27
27
33
33
34
49

1.1

(fossil fuel)



(alternative energy)

(green energy)

(wind turbine)

1.2




1.3





8 m/s




23 m/s (wind map)
50 m


6.4 m/s




29 m/s

1.4
1.4.1


1.4.2

1.5
1.5.1 (magnet motor)

(carbon brush)
v
B (coil)
(generator)
1.5.2 (induced generating voltage)

1.6
1.6.1
v
Teslameter B
standard wire gauge
(slot)
1.6.2 (blower)

magneto

(bridge rectifier circuit)

1.7 ()


(induced current) (electrical power)

1.8
1.8.1

1.8.2

1.8.3

1.8.4

1.8.5

1.9 (definition)
(magnet motor)
(generator)
(induced generating voltage)
(induced current)
(electrical power)
(bridge rectifier circuit)
1.10
. .
10,000 2551 1

2.1
(2547)

100










(2549)
8


18,000 MW
2 3 12,000 MW 2,800 MW


50
.

200 kW






(2547)

4.1 m/s
3 m/s
25 m/s
507,264
(2551)


(Design variable)
(Taper) (Twist angle) (Tip speed ratio)
(Pitch angle)
(Angle of attack)




Blade element momentum

MATLAB



(2552)


3



Fluent



(
k-epsilon) (Local Grid Refinement)

National Renewable Lab. (USA)

stall Fluent

Fluent
(2551)


(Doubly-fed)




(2543)



36 %

2.2







2,000 (wind turbine)



(start up wind speed)
2.5 m/s
2 (vertical axis
wind turbine) (horizontal axis wind turbine) 2.1

2.1
http://www.mastertower.com/new_products.htm
2.1
1.

2.
23
200 W
5 MW

10





2.2
1.

2.

3.

2.2
http://www.mastertower.com/new_products.htm
4.

5.
6.
7.

11

8.

9.


10.

Wind

AC 220 V 70 A

BATTERY 12V 70 A

INVERTER

2.3
: http://research.crma.ac.th/2549/images/8/87/Document2.doc (p42)

12

2.3
1. (inverter)
(convert)
(deep cycle battery)
offgrid inverter
2.





(grid connected system)

(battery bank) (inverter) 2.4

2.4
http://www.prapai.co.th/knowledgeview.php?nid=34

13


(grid tie transfer)

3.

10 MW (VSPP)
(adder)
3.50 ( 6 )
10



2.5

2.5

14

2.5
1.
1
2. 40 550 4
0.7 mT

1
3.
1
4. LED 7
1
4
1.
A = 0.07 m 0.08 m
(Lysen, 1982)

2.6

input
Pair =

1
2

( air )

T oC

Av 3air

15


( 273.15 K ) 0 3
Pair = 21
Av air
( T + 273.15 K )

2.

2.7 () ()
()
2.5
2.7 () ()
magneto
() (induced
generating voltage) (Faraday)


v v
Vgen = N{ d( B A ) / dt }

16

3.

2.8

2.8
load resistance LED
7 2.9
4.

2.9 LED

17

(output)
( VAC )
(I AC ) LED 7

P = VAC I AC


= e =
e =

e =

output
100 %
input
VAC I AC

1 ( 273.15 K ) 0 Av air
2 ( T + 273.15 K )

2 ( T + 273.15 K ) VAC I AC
( 273.15 K) 0 Av 3air

100 %

100 %

3

3.1

(1) (2) (3)


(4)

3.1

20

3.1.1

3.2
(ventilating fan)
36 12 cm 6.3 cm
1 cm 220 VAC 50 Hz 2880 rpm
A = 0.07 m 0.08 m
3.2
3.1.2

3.2
7 19 mm
37 mm

21

74 mm
70 mT 3 mm 10 mm
27 mm 33 mm 3 mm
18 mm { 2.6 ()} 26 () 40
4 550 A = 13 mm 12 mm = 156 mm 2
3.3

3.3 () ()
()


magneto

3.1.3

4 bridge
3.4 10 V 1000 F
3.5

22

3.4
http://www.electronics-tutorials.ws/diode/diode_6.html

3.5

23

3.1.4

load 3.4 LED 7

3.6 LED 7

3.2
3.2.1
cpu, power supply, case computer,

3.2.2 (V) (I)


3.2.3 V
I
3.2.4

(carbon brush)
3.2.5
SWG
slot stator

24

v
3.2.6 teslameter B
magneto
3.2.7
V I
4 cm
3.2.8
4 cm
3.2.9

3.3
3.3.1 (anemometer)
3.3.2 (multimeter)
3.3.3 (tachonometer)

3.4

3.7

1
2
1

25

3.4.1
3.4.2
3.4.3
3.4.4

3.7

4 cm
3.4.4.1
3.4.4.2

3.4.4.3
3.4.4.4
3.4.4.5
LED 7
3.4.4.5 (plot graph)

3.8

3.9

26

3.10
LED 7

1 0 cm
8.40 m/s
906.76 rpm 4 cm
7.55 m/s 871.46 rpm
4 cm
4.1
4.1
(m)
0
0.04
0.08
0.12
0.16
0.20
0.24
0.28
0.32
0.36
0.40
0.44
0.48

(rpm)
906.76
871.46
855.58
822.38
796.96
758.38
721.36
684.16
654.32
632.44
595.42
571.24
548.94

(m/s)
8.40
7.55
7.14
6.84
6.50
6.13
5.74
5.34
5.00
4.73
4.46
4.24
3.86

28

4.1 4.1

950

wind turbine rotational rate (rpm)

900
850
800
750
700
650
600
550
500
0.0

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5

-2

distance (x10 m)

4.1 4 cm

4.1 (
)
( )

29

wind speed (m/s)

3
0.0

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5

-2

distance (x10 m)

4.2 4 cm

4.2 (
)
()

30

2 4.2

4.2
4.2
4 cm

(m)

(mA)

(m/s)
(V)
0
8.40
45.3
5.50
0.04
7.55
19.22
5.00
0.08
7.14
17.52
4.90
0.12
6.84
15.62
4.80
0.16
6.50
14.24
4.70
0.20
6.13
12.18
4.60
0.24
5.74
10.54
4.50
0.28
5.34
8.38
4.40
0.32
5.00
6.9
4.30
0.36
4.73
5.12
4.20
0.40
4.46
4.34
4.00
0.44
4.24
3.3
3.90
0.48
3.86
2.26
3.80

(mW)

e=

249.15
96.10
85.85
74.98
66.93
56.03
47.43
36.87
29.67
21.50
17.36
12.87
8.59

16.22
8.62
9.10
9.04
9.40
9.38
9.68
9.34
9.16
7.84
7.55
6.51
5.76

4 4.2
5
6
P = VI
1
P = ( 5.50 V) ( 45.3 10 3 A ) = 249.15 mW

31

1 4.2 (2.8)

2 ( T + 273.15 K ) VAC I AC

e =

( 273.15 K ) 0 Av 3air

100 %

T = 20 o C
r = 3.7 10 2 m
a = r 2 = ( 22 / 7)( 3.7 10 2 m) 2
e =

2 ( 20 + 273.15 K) (5.5 V)( 45.3 10 3 A)


( 273.15 K) (1.2923kg / m 3 ){(22 / 7) (3.7 10 2 m) 2 }(8.4 m / s) 3

100 %

e = 16.22 %

4.2 5
6 4.2 4.3

250

power (mW)

200

150

100

50

0
3

wind speed (m/s)

4.3

32

4.4
(inspection)

7.55 8.4 m/s 96 249 mW
2
3.86 7.14 m/s

ac current
ac voltage
efficiency

current (mA), voltage (V), efficiency

50

40

30

20

10

wind speed (m/s)

4.4


4.2 4.4

1.
4.3
2. (slope)
1
3. 9 %

5

5.1
9 %
3.86 8.40 m/s

2.26 45.3 mA 3.8 5.5 V
8.6 250 mW
LED 7

5.2
1.8.1

1.8.2

1.8.3