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log10 1094

(SN+1)5.19

PSI 4.2 1.5 + 2.32 * log10MR 8.07

log10w18 = ZR * So + 9.36 * log10(SN+1) 0.20 + 0.40 +

TL Design serviceability loss, PSI

50

TL

10 40 20 10 5

99.9

5.0

,S

99

.2

1.0

.5

.4 1 .05 Example:

O stan da v rd d erall evia tion

Reliability, R (%)

.05

80

70

60 w18 = 5 106 R = 95% So = 0.35 MR = 5000 psi PSI = 1.9 Solution: SN = 5.0

Estimated total 18-kip equivalent single axle load applications, w18 (millions)

90

.6

Effective roadbed soil resilient modulus, MR (ksi)

.1

50

1.0 1.5 2.0

3.0 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 Design structural number (SN) 1

Figure 4.3 AASHTO flexible pavement design nomograph.

Source: From Guide for the Design of Pavement Structures; 1991, by the American Association of State Highway Transportation Officials, Washington, DC. Used by permission.