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THE DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF AN INVERTER TABLE OF CONTENTS Title Page Certification Page Acknowledgements Dedication CHAPTER ONE:INTRODUCTION

1.1 Definition of Term TRANSFORMER FUNDAMENTALS DESCRIPTION OF COMPONENTS CHAPTER TWO: CHAPTER THREE: 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.4.1 3.5 4.1 Resistors Capacitors Semi-Conductor Diode Transistors Bipolar Transistor Field Effect Transistor (FET) OPERATION AND DESIGN CONSIDERATION Features of the Device

3.2.1 Types of Capacitor

CHAPTER FOUR: 4.1.1 Supply Unit 4.1.2 Inverter Unit

4.1.3 Stepup Transformer Unit 4.1.4 Triggering or Switching Unit 4.2 Design

4.2.1 Required Specification 4.2.2 Triggering or Switching Circuit 4.2.3 Buffer Stage 4.2.4 Transformer Turns Ratio CHAPTER FIVE: 5.1 CONSTRUCTION TESTING Casing and Packaging SSEMBLING OF SECTIONS PROCEDURE AND

CHAPTER SIX: 6.1

Testing of System Operation INSTALLATION OF COMPLETED DESIGN LIST, QUANTITY AND PRIZES OF COMPONENTS USED

CHAPTER SEVEN: CHAPTER EIGHT: 8.1 Conclusion

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION All modern engineering system includes certain aspects of control system at some point in their broadcast scenes, control engineering and the

associated theory are concerned with the means of making system to behave in a desired may. The system on this thesis is a DC AC inverter which is an apparatus used in the conversion of direct current (DC) to alternating current (AC). In our country today, this equipment is not all that in use not because it is not important but because people never give it a thought as per the construction and design. It is meant for use with a 12volts leadacid battery of its in a car for example a suitable output voltage of 240volts AC obtainable. This output voltage of 240volts AC can be used for powering small electrical appliances such as lights, electrical tools radio, soldering iron, fan etc. However, it is with mentioning that the DC generated with this appliance is nothing comparable to the AC generated by big generation duration. This appliance is therefore suitable for short time replacement for the real AC generation especially in the remote areas and it is install where electrical appliances are sold and the need might arise for it to be tested and certified good.

Another main area where this equipment can be of great utility is in communication system. In a situation where there is a constant AC power supply failure example in offices DC AC inverter is needed and such cases, inverter can be used as a source of light. Most industries in the country do not make use of DC AC inverter because the are through to be costly with respect to the task they perform. However, putting into consideration the task, this appliance can perform. It can be concluded that it is cheaper. The construction is simple, cheaper, easy to operate and portable. The usefulness of this device and the function cannot be over emphasized especially now that our country is passage through a very sensitive era in our power generating Authority (NEPA) has been dubbed NEVER EXPECT POWER ALWAYS. In these times when control and monitor of complex field operations have based in computer, a failure of AC, power supply to communication equipment means work stoppage and to some small scale industries a lot of economic and materials losses is avoidable.

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OND SURVEYING PROJECT MATERIALS OND STATISTICS PROJECT MATERIALS HND PROJECT DRAFTING, SOLDERING, DESIGN OR CONSTRUCTION. Are you looking for a Professional Electrical Electronics Engineering Graduate with many years of experiance on Drafting, Soldering, Design or construction of Circuits? We help final year (HND) Students construct their final year project circuit. We can also assist you during the writting of your project at a lower cost. Call Innocent (07039832800) for more information or visit his Office at: DGL CONCEPTS (MAJOR EGBODIKE SHOPPING PLAZA, 1ST FLOOR), NO. 1 NSUKKA ROAD, NINTH MILE CORNER ENUGU STATE. Engineer Innocent will teach you steps-by-steps on how to design/construct your circuit and its mode of operation. Engineer Innocent will also provide writen materials for the project he designed for you. . Apart from the topics below, you can also provide a new project topic and ask him to provide necessary materials including the circuit and block diagram. He has the ability to read and analyse all and complicated circuit diagrams. Please give engineer Innocent a try today and you will never regret it. Engineer Innocent has constructed the following Circuits for our HND clients:

Antenna of different types - for hnd AC/DC Inverter (50w - 100KVA) - for hnd Solar Inverter - for hnd Solar Energy Installation - for hnd Audio and Power Amplifier - for hnd Battery Chargers (Cell Phone, Car) - for hnd Alarms of different types - for hnd Touch activated switch and alarms - for hnd AM-FM-SW-TV active antenna - for hnd

FM Transmitter - hnd project design - for hnd Water level indicator with alarm - for hnd Auto turn-off battery charger - for hnd Rain Alarm - hnd project design - for hnd Remote control AC Lamp - for hnd Dark automated switch - for hnd Motorcycle alarm - hnd project design - for hnd DC-AC Inverter wit 555 timer - for hnd Break light flasher - for hnd Voltage Comparator - for hnd Fuse monitoring alarm - for hnd Audio mixer - for hnd Solar Cell Phone Charger - for hnd Automatic tricle charger - for hnd Tone control - for hnd Auto daylight alarm - for hnd High and low voltage cut-out with delay - for hnd Transmitter Organ - for hnd Automatic Oven Controller - for hnd UPS Power Supply - for hnd Seven Segment Led counter - for hnd Automatic voltage regulator - for hnd Automatic Voltage regulator - for hnd Gate alarm - hnd project design - for hnd

Headphone alarm - for hnd Full-Duplex intercom - for hnd Chrismas Light - for hnd Fire door alarm - hnd project design - for hnd Auto fan speed controller - for hnd Miniature FM Transmitter - for hnd AC line current detector - for hnd Variable Power supply - for hnd Zener diode tester - for hnd FM Receiver - for hnd Ultrasonic Pest Repeller - for hnd Power Suppliers - for hnd Water Activated Alart - for hnd Water Level Indicator with alarm - for hnd Power failure Alarm - for hnd Self Activating Power Supply - for hnd Microphone Mixer - hnd project design - for hnd Emergency siren simulator - for hnd Transformerless Power Supply - for hnd

RECOMMENDATION FROM CAREERSLIGHT ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICE Innocent (07039832800)" has been working with us since 2004. His Circuit Designs and Constructions are always approved and recommended by school supervisors. He is faithful, honest, and good. He has designed the above circuits from 1 - 52 and many more for our clients. So I recommend him to any one who need his services. INSTRUCTION: Inform Evang. Henry Ubani about any deal you have with any of our Advertisers, Clients or Partners via 08169533305. We will follow them up to make sure that our reputation and integrity are maintained.

The following are Project Topics with Materials. All these Project Topics below have supervised and approved, written and typed materials with Five (5) Chapters.
DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF A 2000W INVERTER Achieved by Careerslight HND Electrical Electronics Engineering Project Topics with Materials Staff Order No.: EEE-HND-CL-15501 Download Complete Material(Chapter 1 to 5) DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF A D.C TO A.C INVETER SYSTEM Achieved by Careerslight HND Electrical Electronics Engineering Project Topics with Materials Staff Order No.: EEE-HND-CL-15502 Download Complete Material(Chapter 1 to 5) THE CONSTRUCTION OF A 3-PHASE MOTOR OPERATION INDICATOR Achieved by Careerslight HND Electrical Electronics Engineering Project Topics with Materials Staff Order No.: EEE-HND-CL-15503 Download Complete Material(Chapter 1 to 5) CONSTRUCTION OF PVS CONDUIT WIRING SYSTEM OF TWO BEDROOM BUNGALOW Achieved by Careerslight HND Electrical Electronics Engineering Project Topics with Materials Staff Order No.: EEE-HND-CL-15504 Download Complete Material(Chapter 1 to 5) CONSTRUCTION OF A 12 VOLT BATTERY CHARGER Achieved by Careerslight HND Electrical Electronics Engineering Project Topics with Materials Staff Order No.: EEE-HND-CL-15505

Download Complete Material(Chapter 1 to 5) CONSTRUCTION OF AUTOMATIC CHANGE OVER WITH GENERATOR TRIP OFF Achieved by Careerslight HND Electrical Electronics Engineering Project Topics with Materials Staff Order No.: EEE-HND-CL-15506 Download Complete Material(Chapter 1 to 5)

OND PROJECT DRAFTING, SOLDERING, DESIGN OR CONSTRUCTION. Are you looking for a Professional Electrical Electronics Engineering Graduate with many years of experiance on Drafting, Soldering, Design or construction of Circuits? We help final year (OND) Students construct their final year project circuit. We can also assist you during the writting of your project at a lower cost. Call Innocent (07039832800) for more information or visit his Office at: DGL CONCEPTS (MAJOR EGBODIKE SHOPPING PLAZA, 1ST FLOOR), NO. 1 NSUKKA ROAD, NINTH MILE CORNER ENUGU STATE. Engineer Innocent will teach you steps-by-steps on how to design/construct your circuit and its mode of operation. Engineer Innocent will also provide writen materials for the project he designed for you. . Apart from the topics below, you can also provide a new project topic and ask him to provide necessary materials including the circuit and block diagram. He has the ability to read and analyse all and complicated circuit diagrams. Please give engineer Innocent a try today and you will never regret it. Engineer Innocent has constructed the following Circuits for our OND clients:

Antenna of different types - for ond - for ond AC/DC Inverter (50w - 100KVA) - for ond Solar Inverter - ond project design - for ond Solar Energy Installation - for ond

Audio and Power Amplifier - for ond Battery Chargers (Cell Phone, Car) - for ond Alarms of different types - for ond Touch activated switch and alarms- ond project design - for ond AM-FM-SW-TV active antenna - for ond FM Transmitter - for ond Water level indicator with alarm - for ond Auto turn-off battery charger - for ond Rain Alarm - for ond Remote control AC Lamp - for ond Dark automated switch - for ond Motorcycle alarm - for ond DC-AC Inverter wit 555 timer - for ond Break light flasher - ond project design - for ond Voltage Comparator - for ond Fuse monitoring alarm - for ond Audio mixer - for ond Solar Cell Phone Charger- ond project design - for ond Automatic tricle charger - for ond Tone control - for ond Auto daylight alarm - for ond High and low voltage cut-out with delay - for ond Transmitter Organ - for ond Automatic Oven Controller - for ond

UPS Power Supply - for ond Seven Segment Led counter - ond project design - for ond Automatic voltage regulator - for ond Automatic Voltage regulator - for ond Gate alarm - ond project design - for ond Headphone alarm - for ond Full-Duplex intercom - for ond Chrismas Light - for ond Fire door alarm - for ond Auto fan speed controller - for ond Miniature FM Transmitter - for ond AC line current detector - for ond Variable Power supply - for ond Zener diode tester - for ond FM Receiver - for ond Ultrasonic Pest Repeller - ond project design - for ond Power Suppliers - for ond Water Activated Alart - for ond Water Level Indicator with alarm - for ond Power failure Alarm - for ond Self Activating Power Supply - for ond Microphone Mixer - for ond Emergency siren simulator - for ond Transformerless Power Supply - for ond

RECOMMENDATION FROM CAREERSLIGHT ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICE Innocent (07039832800)" has been working with us since 2004. His Circuit Designs and Constructions are always approved and recommended by school supervisors. He is faithful, honest, and good. He has designed the above circuits from 1 - 52 and many more for our clients. So I recommend him to any one who need his services. INSTRUCTION: Inform Evang. Henry Ubani about any deal you have with any of our Advertisers, Clients or Partners via 08169533305. We will follow them up to make sure that our reputation and integrity are maintained.

Answer of the day goes to Samuel Noah Ramrajkar, for answering the

"What is the reason for not


questoin,

using diodes in parallel? "


Answer: "It is because no diode can have the exact same characteristics. This makes on of the diodes conduct more. This gives more electron-hole pairs leading to even better conduction, and the process repeats till the point entire current flows thru one diode. In few cases it may destroy it. Thus the process of current hogging repeats on the next diode.

Eventually all the diodes will blow out. Same is the condition for MOS,BJT,SCR not being connected in parallel."