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A J-tube is a conduit that has the shape of the letter J that is attached to the platform.

J-tube consists of the following components: Vertical Tube Bottom Bend Bell Mouth

It is a common practice in the offshore industry to use J-tube as a method of installation of SMALL diameter flowline, electrical cable or pipeline bundle as connecting a small diameter pipeline to the topside facilities through a small diameter riser is not very convenient in terms of supports. To overcome difficulties of installation and protection, small diameter pipelines / cables are installed by pulling-in through J-tube.

Subsea Insulation Valve (SSIV)


Subsea/ Sub-surface Insulation Valve is often placed in offshore pipeline to give an emergency stop point in the event of line rupture or on fire.

Pipeline Expansion
Virtue Anchor Point Virtue anchor point is the point where the expansion force is equivalent to the soil frictional force.

End Expansion/Movement Pipeline end expansion is movement at the hot end or cold end of linepipe. Expansion spool is recommended if the hot end expansion is significant.

Expansion Spool Expansion spool is spool piece installed to prevent pipeline from overstress risers and bends at platform during expansion that normally occurs at the hot end. Conventional expansion spool is in L or N-shape.

Pipeline Walking Pipeline walking is pipeline axial displacement due to increment or decrement of operating temperature and pressure.

Reversed Movement Pipeline tends to expand during increment of operating temperature and pressure. Reversed movement is the contraction of pipeline during the reduction of operating temperature and pressure.

Residual Movement Residual movement = end expansion (forward movement) reversed movement When the operating temperature and pressure increase, the linepipe will experience end expansion. If the operating temperature and pressure are reduced, the linepipe will experience contraction (reversed movement). Even if the operating temperature and pressure of linepipe are returned to initial values, partial of the movement towards the platform still remain (residual movement). This is because friction always opposes motion, and prevented the pipeline from fully contract when the operating temperature and pressure falls to ambient temperature,[Ref. 1].