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SINH HC LP 10 BI 5: PROTEIN

* Ni dung c bn: I. Cu trc: - Nguyn tc cu to: a phn, n phn l cc axit amin (a.a) - C trn 20 loi axit amin khc nhau. (23 loi) - Cc axit amin lin kt vi nhau bng lin kt peptit, to thnh chui polipeptit. 1, Protein bc 1 : L s lng, thnh phn, trnh t sp xp cc axit amin trong chui polipeptit. 2, Protein bc 2 : L chui polipeptit xon hnh l xo hoc gp np nh lin kt hidro gia cc axit amin. 3, Protein bc 3 : L hnh dng phn t protein trong khng gian 3 chiu, do protein bc 2 cun xp theo kiu c trng, to khi hnh cu. 4, Protein bc 4 : L cu trc c to thnh nh s kt hp gia cc protein bc 3. * Hin tng bin tnh : l hin tng cu trc khng gian 3 chiu ca protein b ph hu, dn ti protein mt chc nng. - Nguyn nhn : nhit cao, pH... II. Chc nng: - Cu to nn t bo v c th. - Xc tc cc phn ng sinh ho. - iu ho chuyn ho vt cht - D tr cc axit amin. - Vn chuyn cc cht. - Thu nhn cc tn hiu ho hc. - Vn ng - Bo v, chng bnh tt. * Kin thc b sung: Cc loi axit amin bit: - Cc axit amin thit yu: Isoleucine Leucine Lysine Methionine Phenylalanine Threonine Tryptophan Valine - Cc axit amin khng thit yu: Alanine, Asparagine, Aspartic Acid, Cysteine*, Glutamic Acid, Glutamine*, Glycine*, Proline*, Selenocysteine*, Tyrosine, Arginine, Histidine*, Ornithine*, Taurine* * Mt s cu hi: 1. Trong cc bc cu trc ca protein th bc no l quan trng nht? V sao? Bc 1.

2. C s phn bit cc bc cu trc protein l loi lin kt c mt trong phn t l g? Protein bc 1: ch c lin kt peptit. Protein bc 2: c lin kt hidro. Protein bc 3: ngoi lin kt hidro cn c th c lin kt disunfit, lin kt ion 3. Thnh phn dinh dng ch yu trong trng l protein. Trng cha nhiu protein th lm g? Protein l cht d tr nng lng ch yu trong trng. Nn trng cha nhiu protein cung cp nng lng cho qu trnh sinh trng ca ng vt. 4. Ti sao chng ta cn n protein t cc ngun thc phm khc nhau? Trong s 20 loi axit amin cu to nn protein ngi, c mt s axit amin m con ngi khng th t tng hp c (gi l cc axit amin thit yu), do vy phi nhn t nhiu ngun thc n khc nhau. Mt s axit amin con ngi t tng hp c, gi l axit amin thay th.