API 572 Study Guide

Practice Questions
This following is a study aid that you can use to learn the details and content of API RP-572, Inspection of Pressure Vessels. There will be about 15-25 questions from this document on the API 510 exam. We do not spend time in class discussing this publication. So it is important that you become familiar with this content in your personal study sessions. Note! The study guide does not at this time have any questions for API 572 Appendix A. There will be some questions from Appendix A on the API exam. The questions in this study aid are in the same order as API 572. An answer key will be provided in class. It’s helpful to read a few pages of API 572 and then answer the questions associated with these pages. We suggest that you do this study guide at least twice prior to the API exam.

1.

Most pressure vessels are subjected to internal or external pressure that exceeds: a) b) c) d) 5 psig. 15 psig. 25 psig. 50 psig.

2. 3.

External pressure is usually caused by a vacuum or by using a ____________________ vessel. Vessel shell rings are normally made by: a) b) c) d) e) rolling plate at ambient temperatures. rolling plate at elevated temperatures. rolling plate at either elevated or ambient temperatures. forging. casting and machining.

4.

Shells constructed with multi-layers (a number of thin cylindrical sections) are normally used for vessels having: a) b) c) d) high design temperatures. high design pressures. exotic materials. a small diameter.

5.

Match the material with the service: A. B. C. Carbon Steel Copper Alloys Titanium _________ _________ _________ Cooling Water Sea Water Most Common Material

6.

What is the primary purpose for installing a lining on the inside of a vessel? a) b) c) d) Resist corrosion Improve heat transfer Improve fluid flow by decreasing the friction inside the vessel Minimized effort to clean vessel at future turnarounds

7.

When is a pressure vessel shell normally made from an alloy material? a) b) c) d) Corrosive service High operating pressures High operating temperatures Either high operating pressure or high operating temperature

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API 572 Study Guide
Practice Questions
8. List four types of Metallic Liners. a) b) 9. _________________________________ c) _________________________________

_________________________________ d) _________________________________

What are the two primary purposes for non-metallic liners? a) b) c) d) e) Resist erosion, insulate to reduce shell temperature Insulate to reduce shell temperature, resist thermal expansion Resist corrosion, resist thermal expansion Resist stress corrosion cracking, insulate to reduce shell temperature Beautify the facility, improve rate of heat transfer

10.

What is the most common feature of vessels that operate with a vacuum? a) b) c) d) Internally braces Stiffening rings Refractory lining Hemispherical heads

11.

An optionally part of an exchanger that is used to protect the tubes at the inlet nozzle is called a(n): a) b) c) d) baffle. demister mat. impingement plate. strip lining.

12.

What code is often used when constructing vessels that operate at high pressures? a) b) c) d) ASME B&PV Code Section VIII Division 1. ASME B&PV Code Section VIII Division 2 API/ASME Vessel Code. TEMA

13.

What codes are used when constructing a heat exchanger that is used in the petrochemical industry? a) b) c) d) API 660, ASME Section VIII, TEMA API 661, ASME Section VIII, TEMA API 660, API 661, TEMA API 660, API 661,. ASME Section VIII,

14.

All vessel manufacturers that build vessels to ASME Section VIII must have: a) b) c) d) an API 510 inspector on staff. access to an AWS inspector. a written quality-control manual. a machine capable of making dished heads.

15.

The vessel manufacturer stamps the vessel with the code symbol “U”. What is the meaning of a this code stamp? a) b) c) d) e) All applicable requirements of the ASME Code have been met All requirements of the U-Section in the ASME Code have been met Vessel has been hydrotested Vessel has been radiographed Vessel wall is of uniform thickness

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1) 2) 3) 4) 5) ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ 22. What metallurgies are most affected by CUI? a) b) c) d) Carbon steel and low chromes Carbon steel and all chromes Carbon steel and stainless steels Carbon steel. An inspector should be familiar with any _____________________ that govern the inspection and maintenance of pressure vessels. latest edition of ASME Section VIII. pre-2000 edition of ASME Section VIII.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 16. A vessel should be maintained in accordance with the: a) b) c) d) 17. 3 September 2005 msts-training. below the upper transformation. chromes and stainless steels 23. 19. List the temperature range where CUI is most prevalent: 1) 2) Carbon Steels Stainless Steels _________________oF _________________oF 24. uniform throughout the whole vessel. The corrosion rate resulting from corrosion-erosion is often: a) b) c) d) higher than the corrosion rate from corrosion without erosion. in an intermittent service. List the 3 basic forms of deterioration 1) 2) 3) ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ 20. code that was last used to rate the vessel. List the 2 basic reasons for inspection of pressure vessels 1) 2) ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 18. lower than the corrosion rate from corrosion without erosion. List process conditions that that could change the corrosion rate. 21. higher in stagnant areas.com . above 700 oF. Insulated carbon steel vessels may be subject to CUI if operating: a) b) c) d) above the lower-transformation temperature. construction code.

determine the cause of the deposits. What is a useful technique to use to evaluate the vessel cladding from outside surface of the vessel? a) b) c) d) Acoustic emission Eddy current Profile radiography UT thickness gauging 31. 1) 2) 3) 4) ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ 28.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 25. List four common areas where corrosion-erosion can occur. When checking for cracks. which of the following inspection techniques is useful only for surface or near-surface cracks? a) b) c) d) Acoustic emission Eddy current Radiography UT angle beam 30. (SCC = stress corrosion cracking) A) B) C) D) E) Chloride SCC Polythionic SCC Caustic SCC Amine SCC Carbonate SCC _____ Alkaline systems _____ Non-stress relieved carbon steel _____ Stainless steel _____ Operating temperatures over 400 oF _____ Sensitized stainless steel 29. msts-training. operating deposits are found in a specific section of the vessel. The inspector must: a) b) c) d) have all deposits removed. Match up the corrosion mechanism with the applicable material. Weld quality RT Profile RT Guided-wave UT Electromagnetic methods Visual inspection after removal of insulation Which deterioration mechanism can cause direction grooving? a) b) c) d) Erosion Oxidation Sulfidation Temper-embrittlement 27. determine if corrosion is occurring under the deposits. Which of the following methods is NOT used to detect CUI? a) b) c) d) e) 26.com 4 September 2005 . During an internal inspection. record the volume of the deposits.

What NDE method checks for cracks by increasing the vessel pressure above its normal operating pressure? a) b) c) d) Acoustic emission Eddy current Guided wave UT MFL 38.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 32. thermal fatigue. 36. chrome welds. Which deterioration mechanism is caused by cyclic stresses? a) b) c) d) 33. A prime location for thermal fatigue is at: a) b) c) d) circumferential welds. Cracking occurring in deaerators is attributed to: a) b) c) d) corrosion fatigue. List the three primary factors of creep: 1) 2) 3) __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ 5 September 2005 msts-training.com . mechanical fatigue. Creep Fatigue Graphitization Temper-embrittlement Which of the following vessels is most susceptible to fatigue? a) b) c) d) Coke drum Crude column FCCU regenerator Hydrotreater reactor 34. Why is it difficult to find fatigue cracking? a) b) c) d) Fatigues cracks are very tight It is very difficult to predict the location of fatigue cracking The growth rate of fatigue cracks is very slow It takes many cycles to initate the crack. velocity fatigue. What is a common cause for high-cycle fatigue? a) b) c) d) Low operating temperatures High operating temperatures High operating pressures Excess vibrations from mechanical equipment 35. 39. 37. but relatively few cycles to propagate the crack all the way through the vessel wall. stainless steel welds. dissimilar welds.

A partial buried vessel should be inspected for soil-to-air corrosion. 44. Susceptibility to HTHA attack increases as: a) b) c) d) operating temperature decreases. To perform this inspection. 49. 46. 41. atomic hydrogen reacts to form water. msts-training. What publication provides safe operation limits for steels operating in hydrogen service? a) b) c) d) e) ASME Section II ASME Section VIII API 579 API 941 API 2201 47. atomic hydrogen reacts to form hydrocarbons. uniform corrosion. molybdenum content increases. Which of the following can permeate steel (migrate through the steel)? a) b) c) d) Atomic hydrogen Atomic hydrogen and molecular hydrogen Atomic hydrogen and atomic helium Molecular hydrogen and helium 43. pits. 12 to 36 inches. 6 to 12 inches. metal grain size increases. High temperature sulfidation can begin to occur at temperatures above __________ oF. 3 to 6 inches. Creep cracking begins to occur in 1-¼ chrome steels at temperatures above __________ oF. nickel content increases. Susceptibility to HTHA attack increases as: a) b) c) d) chrome content increases. 48. High temperature sulfide attack usually appears as: a) b) c) d) cracks. the soil should be excavated: a) b) c) d) 1 to 2 inches. 45. At high temperatures: a) b) c) d) 42. metal grain size decreases. carbon content increases. molecular hydrogen disassociates to form atomic hydrogen. localized thinned areas. operating pressure decreases. molecular hydrogen disassociates to form water. HTHA can occur in 1-¼ chrome steels at temperatures above __________ oF.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 40.com 6 September 2005 .

Atomic nitrogen reacts with iron to form iron nitrate. Since less hydrogen is now available. and a process that reacts with carbon 55. There are various ways that these living organisms cause the actual corrosion to occur. penetrant testing. Creates an electrolytic concentration cell Creates by-products that are corrosive Creates atomic nitrogen. pressure cycles.com 7 September 2005 . operating at cold temperatures. b) c) d) 51. Small living organisms are the cause of biological corrosion. Which of the following is NOT a problem caused by decarburization? a) b) c) d) Material strength decreases Material toughness decreases Hardness of material increases Fatigue strength decreases 56. straight beam UT. the corrosion rate to increase. and numerous pressure cycles High operating temperature. What two factors cause decarburization in ferrous materials? a) b) c) d) Low operating temperatures. Organisms consumes (reacts with) hydrogen. msts-training. Match up the deterioration mechanism with the applicable description. A) B) C) D) Decarburization Graphitization Dealloying Temper Embrittlement _____ Selective leaching of a material in an alloy _____ Loss of carbon near surface of ferrous material _____ A metallurgical change that occurs to Cr-Mo alloys due to operating at high temperatures _____ Conversion of carbides to carbon nodules 54. and numerous pressure cycles Low operating temperatures. Decarburization is found using: a) b) c) d) metallography. What is a common micro-organism in soils that can cause biological corrosion? a) b) c) d) amoebas chloride-reducing bacteria sulfate-reducing bacteria oxygen-reducing parasites 52. excessive thermal expansion. MFL. and a process that reacts with carbon High operating temperature. 53. Changes in a metal’s microstructure can be caused by: a) b) c) d) improper heating and cooling.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 50. Which of the following is NOT a way biological corrosion occurs? a) Hydrogen normally slows down the corrosion rate on the external surface.

atomic hydrogen. 63.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 57.com . Which type of graphitization is most likely to lead to a mechanical failure? a) b) c) d) Localized graphitization Random graphitization Uniform graphitization Spot graphitization 60. a prolonged exposure to temperatures above 750oF. After the first pressure cycle 8 September 2005 msts-training. a prolonged exposure to temperatures above 825oF. thin-wall materials. a prolonged exposure to temperatures above 1100oF. 64. Temper embrittlement is caused when a susceptible material is subject to: a) b) c) d) low temperatures. dezincification can occur in which materials? a) b) c) d) Brass Bronze Monel Alloy 20 61. atomic hydrogen. Carbon steel and carbon – ½ molybdenum steel Carbon steel and low chromes (through 5% chrome) Carbon steel and all chromes High nickel alloys Stainless steels Graphitization occurs when a susceptible material is subject to: a) b) c) d) many temperature cycles. What materials are most susceptible to Graphitization? a) b) c) d) e) 58. When do most brittle failures in pressure vessels occur? a) b) c) d) During the vessel’s first winter weather During the first hydrotest After prolong exposure to temperatures above 250oF. low chromes. What materials are most susceptible to temper embrittlement? a) b) c) d) e) Carbon steel and carbon – ½ molybdenum steel Carbon steel and low chromes (through 5% chrome) Low chromes All chromes Stainless steels 62. In some water services. Brittle fracture is usually not a concern when using: a) b) c) d) carbon steels. post-weld heat treat materials. a prolonged exposure to temperatures above 450oF. 59.

Brittle failures initiate at a notch or stress concentration. 68. nozzle-to-shell weld. eddy current examination. welding flaw. Financial department’s equipment records. tee joint or angle joint. One important factor in developing an inspection plan for the next inspection is to occasionally check the: a) b) c) d) Operating department’s equipment records. nitrogen. The most common method to check for freeze damage is by: a) b) c) d) visual inspection. stamping in the vessel component. 69. tray ring weld. When setting the inspection interval for the internal inspection. Most often.com 9 September 2005 . Environmental department’s equipment records. lamination in the plate. this the initiating point is a: a) b) c) d) 66. Which of the following is NOT a potential result of an improper heat treatment? a) b) c) d) e) f) g) High residual stresses Increased density of material Hard zones in material Soft zones in materials Increased material strength Decreased material strength Increased susceptibility to cracking 70. at least 50% of the current corrosion allowance should still remain. msts-training. oxygen. at least 25% of the current corrosion allowance should still remain. zinc. 71. Hydriding of titanium alloys is caused when the material absorbs: a) b) c) d) hydrogen. digital UT. Maintenance department’s equipment records.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 65. e.100” of corrosion allowance remains. an interval is selected so that at the next inspection: a) b) c) d) the wall thickness is not less than the minimum required thickness. at least 0. angle beam UT. Which of the following deterioration mechanisms can be corrected by annealing the steel? a) b) c) d) Decarburization Dealloying Temper embrittlement HTHA 67.g.

Review past inspection records. be rather ugly and prevent your facility from achieving API’s Petrochemical Facility of the Year award. what is one potential problem? a) b) c) d) Residual penetrant can cause crevice corrosion Residual penetrant can cause steel to become anodic Vapors from the exam can displace air It is more difficult to prepare the shell for the exam as compared to other NDE methods 76. A vessel has a refractory lining. All NDE tools should be: a) b) c) d) calibrated daily. calibrated weekly. by visual examination and hammer-testing. When performing a PT examination inside an exchanger shell. an small area of damaged refractory is found. by visual examination and RT. 77. Ladders and platforms should be inspected: a) b) c) d) only with a visual examination. Review the equipment construction details. 78. by visual examination and UT. During the internal inspection. Small depressions on platforms are of concern since these can: a) b) c) d) collect and hold water. rated for the appropriate gaseous atmosphere. create flexing that could cause a fatigue failure. which of the following activities does the inspector NOT need to do? a) b) c) d) e) 73. Before performing a vessel inspection. potentially causing accelerated corrosion. Review the vessel’s service conditions Determine what is being offered as the “daily special” at the local lunch café. 74. Crevice corrosion is NOT common at which of the following locations? a) b) c) d) Under nuts on anchor bolts At repad-to-shell welds Where handrail supports slip into platform sleeves Between exchanger shell and cradle support msts-training. remove and replace all the refractory in the entire vessel. create a tripping hazard.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 72. Check with Operations to determine whether there were any abnormal operating conditions. remove enough of the refractory to determine the condition of the base metal. 75. remove the damaged refractory plus 50% more to determine the base metal condition. certified by UL-142.com 10 September 2005 . It is now important to: a) b) c) d) replace the refractory with superior materials.

A distorted anchor bolt is usually the result of: a) b) c) d) serious foundation settlement. using an anchor bolt of insufficient length. Guy wires supporting tall vessels should be examined using: a) b) c) d) visual examination. 82. High temperature. are usually not a serious concern. profile RT. Which of the following is usually NOT a cause of large cracks in a concrete foundations? a) b) c) d) 80. using an anchor bolt of insufficient diameter. should be further examined by hammer-testing. selecting the wrong material for the anchor bolt. What is the best way to prevent external corrosion on structural steel? a) b) c) d) Painting Fireproofing Galvanizing Insulation 84. 11 September 2005 msts-training. 81. Excessive settlement. acoustic emission. What is one important item to check during an External inspection of an exchanger? a) b) c) d) Surface temperature at the inlet and outlets The floating end of the exchanger is free to slide on it’s support Determine the fluid flow rate through both the shell side and tube side of the exchanger Measure the clearance between the shell and the ground 86. What is a good way to check for disbanded fireproofing? a) b) c) d) e) Visual examination UT Eddy current Hammer-testing with light taps Sledge hammer-testing with a 25 lb sledge hammer 85. Small hair-like cracks in concrete foundations: a) b) c) d) should always be caulked.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 79. should always be repaired with a cement material similar to the original material.com . Poor materials. What examination method is normally used to examine in-service anchor bolts? a) b) c) d) e) Visual UT Eddy current Hammer-testing Acid etching 83. UT. Poor design.

25 ohms. 95. 6”.0 ohms. The maximum permitted resistance-to-ground for a vessel grounding system is: a) b) c) d) e) 0. 93. an electrical short or from static electricity. Which of the following would be most affected if a vessel foundation experiences excessive settlement? a) b) c) d) e) Stiffener rings Relief devices Nozzles with attached piping Manways Top head 89. dealloying. 50 ohms. 94. Catalytic reformer vessels may have creep damage if the operating temperature is above _______ oF The grooves on an existing ring-joint flange should be checked for ___________________. a welding machine or from an electrical short. creep. crevice corrosion.5 ohms. What should be done if shell distortion is found at a nozzle? a) b) c) d) Check for cracking on all nozzle welds Check the hardness of nozzle welds and nozzle components Check thickness by taking UT readings on a 2” grid on all nozzle components and on the distorted area of the shell. 91. Vessel grounding connections are primarily needed to provide a path for electrical current from: a) b) c) d) a lighting strike or from a welding machine. 3”. corrosion fatigue. 5. a lighting strike or from static electricity. temper embrittlement. Only note the distortion in your inspection report 90. msts-training. 10 ohms. 92. Existing slip-on flanges should be checked for: a) b) c) d) chloride cracking. 6 guy wire diameters. 3 guy wire diameters.com 12 September 2005 . graphitization. Grooves on existing stainless steel flanges should be checked for: a) b) c) d) stress corrosion cracking.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 87. Guy wire clips should be placed at a spacing of at least: a) b) c) d) 88.

In a caustic storage vessel. A vessel operates in a cyclic temperature service. 101. Film lifting Blisters Rust spots Where are two likely areas where paint failures occur? a) b) c) d) e) Top heads and nozzles Weld seams and nozzles Top heads and moist crevices Weld seams and moist crevices Nozzles and moist crevices 98. 102. HTHA. Which of the following coating failures is easily missed during a visual examination? a) b) c) 97. nozzles. caustic embrittlement is least likely at: a) b) c) d) heating coil connections. fatigue cracking. yellow sticky deposit. 100.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 96. The vessel support-to-vessel welds should be checked using MT or PT to check for: a) b) c) d) stress corrosion cracking. What two on-stream NDE techniques may be able to locate moist insulation? a) b) c) d) e) f) Real-time RT and Thermography Real-time RT and MFL Neutron back scatter and Thermography Neutron back scatter and MFL Neutron back scatter and Real-time RT Thermography and MFL 99. areas of high stress. and _______ thickness reading(s) on each head. 104. white salt. internal baffles or vortex breakers. msts-training. black hard residue. The minimum number of TML’s required for a routine vessel is at least _______ thickness reading(s) on each shell ring. polytheonic cracking. Pit depth is normally measured with a ________________________________.com 13 September 2005 . Which of the following is NOT a significant factor in atmosphere corrosion? a) b) c) d) vessel operating pressure relative humidity chemical vapors metal surface temperature 103. Caustic that seeps through a crack will often leave a: a) b) c) d) brown residue.

MT or PT. msts-training. Why is wet fluorescent magnetic particle testing often used to detect certain types of cracking? a) b) c) d) Easier to perform than other types of MT Requires less effort to qualify the NDE examiner as compared to dry MT More sensitive technique as compared to dry MT Equipment to perform the exam is less expensive than what is needed for other MT exams 109. Normal vessel cleaning methods.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 105. visual exam using a flashlight beam perpendicular to the shell. usually are adequate to meet the inspector’s needs for an internal inspection. Place your hand on surface for exactly 1 second. caustic cracking. Blisters on a vessel shell can be easily detected with: a) b) c) d) UT. hydrogen blistering. Small blisters can be easily detected by: a) b) c) d) feeling the surface with your fingers. 850 oF. thermal fatigue cracking. Tough question! The temperature of a hot-spot on a refractory lined vessel should be periodically checked. graphitization. HTHA. 750 oF. temper embrittlement. Which of the following is NOT an acceptable method for checking the temperature? a) b) c) d) Portable thermocouple Thermography Temperature indicating crayons. A hot-spot has developed on a refractory lined carbon steel vessel. 111. visual exam using a flashlight beam parallel to the shell. magnetic flux leakage.com 14 September 2005 . RT. 107. A vessel contains an acid corrodent. 1100 oF. Calculate the vessel temperature based on the depth of the 3rd degree burns on your hand. Extra cleaning such as abrasive-grit or water blasting may be required when inspecting for: a) b) c) d) localized thin areas. like steam cleaning. 110. deep pitting. stress corrosion cracking. During the next internal inspection the wall at the hot-spot should be metallurgically examined whenever the metal temperature has exceeded: a) b) c) d) 450 oF. The areas directly below the liquid level are likely to be subject to: a) b) c) d) e) 106. hammer testing. 108.

API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 112. What is the normal cause of corrosion associated with reboilers? a) b) c) d) Hot process decomposes to form acids Hot process decomposes to form polytheonic caustic Increased velocity of returning process causes erosion Deposits in the process cause oxygen pitting 119. (once again proving it is difficult to come up with 3 wrong answers!) 117. vessel wall opposite the nozzle. An internal inspection will be performed on a vessel. at the tower where the hot process returns. cracks in the weld and heat affected zones. When a reboiler is used with a tower (fractionating column). top head of the tower. Exchangers in cooling water service have the highest corrosion rates where the: a) b) c) d) velocity is the highest. top of a hydrotreater reactor. Collect all necessary inspection tools Check the vessel permitting requirements Collect the necessary personnel protective equipment Read the previous inspection reports Sulfidation is a common concern at the: a) b) c) d) top of the crude unit’s fractionating column. a likely place for corrosion is on the: a) b) c) d) inlet nozzle. ph is the highest. 120. What is the initial step to be performed? a) b) c) d) 113. velocity is the lowest. Most cracks that occur in a vessel occur at ______________________. a common place for corrosion is: a) b) c) d) the inlet to the reboiler. extensive pitting. a) b) c) d) cracks in the base metal. water temperature is the highest. If steam is injected into a vessel.com . vessel’s anchor bolts. localized thin areas (LTA’s). If sludge settles on the bottom head of a vessel. A vessel subject to wet hydrogen sulfide or cyanide environments is susceptible to. bottom of a hydrotreater reactor. 115. at the tower where the cold process returns. 114. 15 September 2005 msts-training. bottom of the crude unit’s fractionating column. vessel wall directly below the nozzle. what corrosion mechanism is likely to occur? a) b) c) d) Stress corrosion cracking Dealloying Concentration cell corrosion Sludgitization 116. 118.

125. shining a flashlight beam parallel to the shell. visual examination and UT.e. List 4 major areas where cracks occur in vessels made of low chromes (i. An impingement plate is installed on an exchanger bundle. 127. red dye PT. What area is most susceptible to corrosion? a) b) c) d) 122. Exchanger shell near the impingement plate Tubesheet Tubes near the impingement plate Inlet nozzle During an internal inspection: a) b) c) d) at least 10% of all welds should be checked with either MT or PT. A very effective means to find cracks is by using: a) b) c) d) MFL. Coarse-grain steels Fine-grain steels 126.000 psi Steels with a yield strength above 20. visual examination and some type of crack detection NDE method. 100% of the internal surface should be cleaned. Which of the following steels is most likely to crack? a) b) c) d) Steels with a tensile strength lower than 70. Often corrosion will occur on the shell of an exchanger at the location of the baffles. UT and some type of crack detection NDE method. 1-1/4 & 2-1/4 Cr). eddy current testing.000 psi. hammer-testing should be performed on all nozzles. msts-training.com 16 September 2005 . dry particle MT. thickness readings should be taken at suspect locations.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 121. An easy way to find this corrosion is by: a) b) c) d) spot UT. a) b) c) d) __________________________________________ __________________________________________ __________________________________________ __________________________________________ 124. wet fluorescent particle MT. visual examination. Normally tower (column) trays are inspected using: a) b) c) d) only a visual examination. 123. visual examination.

it is important to determine the: a) b) c) d) thickness of the liner. MT.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 128. oxidation. How can small blisters easily be found? a) b) c) d) Feel metal surface with your fingers Visual examination Hammer-testing Spot UT readings 130. acoustic emission. caustic embrittlement. Existing exchanger shells sometimes become out of round making it difficult to reinsert the bundle. the identification of the welder who previously installed the liner. dew point corrosion. fatigue. dealloying. hydrogen blistering. Vessels containing amines are subject to: a) b) c) d) e) oxygen pitting. displacement of the bulged area. creep. 135. Areas directly above the liquid level in vessels containing acidic corrodents s are subject to: a) b) c) d) e) f) 129. 133. 134. What is the most common cause of exchanger shell out-of-roundness? a) b) c) d) e) f) Over pressure Elevated temperature Metal fatigue Creep Welding repairs to the shell Meteor strike 131. Bulged linings are often the indication of a _______________ in the liner. graphitization. dealloying. cracking. condition of the base metal under the liner. visual inspection.com . localized thinned areas. 17 September 2005 msts-training. cracking. 132. Deaerators used for boiler feedwater are subject to: a) b) c) d) e) pitting. caustic embrittlement. Loose or cracked metallic linings can be found using: a) b) c) d) light taps with a hammer. uniform corrosion. Whenever there are indications that a metallic liner has leaked.

Spark testing is being performed on a coating. When a refractory lining cracks. What happens if the voltage on a spark tester exceeds the dielectric strength of the coating? a) b) c) d) e) Coating will become magnetic Strength of the coating bond increases A hole is “blown” in the coating Coating will crack Creates a nuclear chain reaction that will destroy the entire universe 141. 143. Extra metal thickness in a vessel is: a) b) c) d) sometimes used as nozzle reinforcement. 139. lamination. holiday. eddy current. Low chromes High chromes Austenitic stainless steel Stabilized austenitic stainless steel High nickel alloys What are the two primary purposes for refractory linings? 1) 2) ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ 138. never allowed. voidea.com 18 September 2005 . MFL (magnetic flux leakage). film lift off. A common tool used to inspect refractory is a _________________________. 142.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 136. 140. What type of weld metal overlay is often used for hydrotreater reactors? a) b) c) d) e) 137. spark testing. A common tool used to find breaks in a pipe coating is: a) b) c) d) acoustic emission. always considered extra corrosion allowance. always clearly identified on a U-1 form. what is a common problem that occurs to the base metal? a) b) c) d) Dew point corrosion Dealloying Excessive thermal stress Brittle failure msts-training. A break or void in a paint coating is called a: a) b) c) d) e) blister.

API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 144. Which of the following is NOT a purpose of a pressure test? a) b) c) d) Validate vessel MDMT Assure equipment tightness Assure equipment integrity Redistribute stresses at discontinuities 148. Tension tests Bend tests Metallography Flash radiography Impact tests What method is often used to detect carburization and decarburization? a) b) c) d) e) Tension tests Bend tests Metallography Hardness testing Impact tests 146. 147. A pneumatic pressure test is performed on a large vessel. A vessel is being vacuum tested. 150. for every 1’ of vessel height Provide multiple calibrated pressure gauges Assure the water used has less than 50 ppm of particulates Assure vessel foundation and supports are adequate for the hydrotest weight 149. What is the most important concern when hydrotesting a large in-service vessel? a) b) c) d) Rope off an area equal to 1000 sq. What is one negative aspect of a vacuum test? a) b) c) d) Location of leak is not easily identified There are additional safety precautions as compared to a hydrotest Creating the vacuum requires expensive equipment The vacuum must be held for 24 hours msts-training. It is recommended NOT to hammer test vessels that are _________________________. heat exchangers.com 19 September 2005 . ft. What method is often used to detect metallurgical changes to the base metal? a) b) c) d) e) 145. Acoustic emission testing is especially useful on: a) b) c) d) vessels of simplistic design. large vessels. vessels where internal inspections are difficult to perform. What is one way to determine the location of remote leaks? a) b) c) d) Block-in the vessel and see if the pressure drops UT leak detector Binoculars Thermography 151.

A tube-side pressure test is being performed on an exchanger with a floating head bundle. Leaking tubes Roll leaks on both ends. Leaking tubes The exact location of any leak cannot be determined with this test 157. Leaking tubes The exact location of any leak cannot be determined with this test 156. The bundle is in the shell and the channel cover is removed. 30oF. above the vessel MDMT. The bundle is outside the shell and a test head is bolted to the stationary tubesheet. above the vessel MDMT.25”. 60oF. 30oF. The bundle is in the shell and the piping connected to a bottom shell nozzle is removed.com .API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 152.3 API 579 API 2201 155. A shell-side pressure test is being performed on an exchanger with a floating head bundle. and floating head gasket leaks The exact location of any leak cannot be determined with this test 20 September 2005 msts-training. This test will show overall bundle integrity and can be used to specifically locate which of the following leaks? a) b) c) d) e) Stationary tubesheet roll leaks Floating head tubesheet roll leaks Floating head gasket leak. above the vessel MDMT. This test will show overall bundle integrity and can be used to specifically locate which of the following leaks? a) b) c) d) e) f) Stationary tubesheet roll leaks Floating head tubesheet roll leaks Floating head gasket leak. 10oF. 154. 10oF. When performing a pneumatic pressure test. An in-service vessel has a shell thickness of 2. 30oF.5”. 10oF. The minimum metal temperature allowed during a pressure test is: a) b) c) d) e) 10oF. 30oF. This test will show overall bundle integrity and can be used to specifically locate which of the following leaks? a) b) c) d) e) Stationary tubesheet roll leaks Floating head tubesheet roll leaks Floating head gasket leak. tube leaks. the requirements of which code should be followed? a) b) c) d) e) f) ASME B&PV Section I ASME B&PV Section V ASME B&PV Section VIII ASME B31. The minimum metal temperature allowed during a pressure test is: a) b) c) d) e) 153. An in-service vessel has a shell thickness of 1. 60oF. A tube-side pressure test is being performed on an exchanger with a floating head bundle. above the vessel MDMT.

determine how far an area should be roped off.500” plate. The extra 0.125”.023” is usually consider extra corrosion. plugged. During a bundle pressure test. The inspection results indicate that the other tubes are acceptable for a future operational run..API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 158. Before applying a high-pressure hydrotest to a bundle. plugged. Which of the following components usually does NOT have a specified minimum thickness? a) b) c) d) e) Top head Nozzle reinforcement Metallic liner Platform handrail Internal baffle 164.com . assure that all tubes have been seal-welded at the tubesheet. replaced with improved metallurgy. replaced with improved metallurgy. assure that all tubes have been seal-welded at the tubesheet. removed. in the design of nozzle reinforcement. check the chloride content of the water. The leaking tube is normally: a) b) c) d) e) 159. so the designer orders 0. it is important to: a) b) c) d) connect a PRV to prevent excessive pressure. 162. 160. but often the designer uses the “extra” metal (and the extra is no longer extra): a) b) c) d) in the design of vessel stiffening. to minimize the number of RT’s. The inspection results indicate that the other tubes are acceptable for a future operational run. 163. rerolled. replaced in kind. The leaking tube is normally: a) b) c) d) e) replaced in kind. a tube roll-leak is discovered.. If a jurisdiction requires a vessel repair to meet the National Board Inspection Code. Before applying a hydrotest to the shell-side of a carbon steel bundle. determine whether the tubesheet is thick enough for the pressure. The total thickness needed is 0. have multiple pressure gauges connected for the test.477”. During a bundle pressure test. rerolled. it is important to: a) b) c) d) determine whether the tubes are thick enough for the external pressure. to improve the joint efficiency. a leaking tube is discovered. removed.352” and has a corrosion allowance of 0. 161. A shell has a minimum thickness of 0. what stamp would have to be used by the Repair Organization? a) b) c) d) e) A U UV R VR 21 September 2005 msts-training.

How should the repair area normally be inspected? a) b) c) d) 166. msts-training. are acceptable provided the tread thickness is adequate.com 22 September 2005 . should be filled with weld metal of a higher alloy than the base metal. A corroded shell area that has an area of 2. can be left unfilled provided adequate wall thickness remains and edges are blended. the base metal should only be a P1 or P-3 material. should be repaired with epoxy based materials. Stairway treads that have been worn smooth: a) b) c) d) can be roughened by placing weld beads on the worn surface. 167.5 ft2 is built-up with weld metal. the crack length cannot be greater than allowed in API 579.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 165. The groove: a) b) c) d) e) must always be filled with weld metal of the same metallurgy as the base metal. 168. A crack in a vessel is removed. should be filled with weld metal of the same tensile strength as the base metal. the craftsman must be qualified in accordance with ASME B&PV Section IX. should be filled with weld metal of a higher tensile strength than the base metal. should always be replaced. Visual examination Visual examination and either MT or PT Visual examination and spot UT Visual examination and eddy current When removing a crack in a vessel using flame or arc gouging: a) b) c) d) care must be taken to prevent the crack from growing.

63. 59. 19. 79. 36. 7. 66. 69. Downstream of pump discharge 4. 84. Stress 900oF c a d c 800oF d 450oF d c d c a 1&C 2&A 3&D 4&B d c a a c a a c b c b d c a a b d a e b c c d a b a d a d c d September 2005 6.explosion bonded c) plates welded to shell d) weld overlay a b c b a c a c regulations 1. Time 2. 41.rolled b) clad . 34. a b a d 1. 50. 11. 70. 45. 60. 48. 33. 25 . 72. 5. 13. 14. 12. 23. 51. 49. 67. 38. 65. 150 . High Velocity c 1. 2. 24. Chemical 3. 73. 77. 57. 31. Stress 3. Temperature 3. 18. 37. 15.com .250 2. 25. 58. 3. 32. 61. determine rate of deterioration 1. 42. 75. 83. 21. 29. 53. 4. 26. Downstream of orifices 3. 9. 52. 56. 76. 71. 81. b jacketed c b 1&B 2&C 3&A a d a) clad . 55. 43. Flow direction changes 1&E 2&D 3&A 4&C 5&B b d c b a d 23 35. Impingment 5. 8. 30. Mechanical a 1. Temperature 2. 47. 62. 40. Downstream of control valves 2. 10. 28. 74. 78. 82. 22. Electrochemical 2. 46. 16. 27.400 c a a 1. 68. Vibration 4. 39. 44. msts-training.API 572 Study Guide Answers 1. 80. 54. 20. 17. 64. determine condition 2.

110. 97. 114. 102. 92. 168. 129. 122. 148. 118. msts-training. 106. 86.com September 2005 . 161. 154. 103. 140. 133. 90. 125. 142. 135. 166. 105. 147. 162. 153. 95. 91. 111. 144. 121. 88. 131. 101. 155. 104. 163. 116. 160. 158. 117. 145. 143. 115. 164. 120. 134. 112. 167. 100. 165. 156. 1) erosion resistance 2) insulation c d c hammer a a c d pressurized a d b b a e d c a e e c e a d b c d b a e a 124. 126. 157. 128. 96. 107. 132. 149. 94. 99. 130. 138. 136.API 572 Study Guide Answers 85. 93. 127. 152. b a d c a 900oF cracks a c b d a d c pit gauge 1&1 b a c b a d a c d b c d b b c b c a welds d a c a) Attachment welds b) Main weld seams c) Gasket grooves (ring joint flg) d) Nozzle attachment welds d c a d b a e c d a leak c d 24 137. 109. 150. 113. 151. 98. 141. 139. 119. 87. 89. 159. 123. 146. 108.

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