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Oblique Shock Waves

ObliqueShockWaves

Fundamentals
Shockdoesntchange
velocitycomponent
y
p
tangenttoit,so ut1=ut2=ut
Observertravelingalong
shock at ut seesanormal
shockatu
sees a normal
shockwithupstreamMach
no.M1n
Obliqueshockcanthusbe
Oblique shock can thus be
analyzedasanormalshock
withM1 andM2 replaced
by M1n andM
byM
and M2n

u1t

u1n

u2

u1

u2 n

u2t

u1n = u1 sin
M 1n = M 1 sin
u1t = u1 cos
u2 n = u2 sin( ) M 2 n = M 2 sin( ) u2t = u2 cos( )

The M Relationship
TheM
ForaNormalShock

u2 ( 1) M 12 + 2
=
u1
( 1) M 12

u1t

u1n

u2

u1

u2 n

u2t

u1n = u1 sin
u2 n = u2 sin( )
M 1n = M 1 sin
M 2 n = M 2 sin( )

u1t = u1 cos
u2t = u2 cos( )

90
80

Strong shocks
Strongshocks

S
ShockWave
eAngle

70 1.1
60

13
1.3
1.6

2.0

2.4

6
4 5

50
40
30

Weak shocks
Weakshocks
M1

20

TABLES

10
0048121620242832364044
Deflectionangle

TABLES

Example
FindM2,p2,T2 andp01/p02

M1 =1.7
p1 =50kPa
T1 =200K

12o

Variations

M1 =1.7
p1 =50kPa
T1 =200K
200K

=12o

FindM2,p2,T2 andp01/p02

Suppose

itwasawedge?

M1 =1.7

12o

M1 =1.7
17

12o

M1 =1.7

12o

oraplate?
orfollowedbyan
y
expansion?

Variations

M1 =1.7
p1 =50kPa
T1 =200K
200K

FindM2,p2,T2 andp01/p02

Suppose

p2/p1 giveninsteadof?

=12o

TABLES

Shock Detachment
ShockDetachment
Supposetheturnangle
pp
g
inourexamplehad
been20o?

M1 =1.7

20o

AirflowoveraconeatMach3,asa
f
functionofconehalfangle
f
h lf
l