Division (Phylum

)

Meaning

Common name

Distinguishing characteristics Hornshaped sporophytes, no vascular system Persistent unbranched sporophytes, no vascular system

Anthocerotophyta

Flower-horn plants

Hornworts

Non-Vascular

Bryophyta

Moss plants

Mosses

Marchantiophyta

Marchantia plants

Liverworts

Ephemeral unbranched sporophytes, no vascular system

Lycopodiophyta

Wolf foot plants

Clubmosses & Spikemosses

Microphyll leaves, vascular system

Pteridophyta

Fern plants

Ferns & Horsetails

Prothallus gametophytes, vascular system

Pteridospermatophyta

Fern with seeds plant Seed ferns

Only known from fossils, mostly Devonian, ranking in dispute[11]

Vascular

Coniferophyta

Sap/pitch plants

Conifers

Cones containing seeds and wood composed of tracheids

Gymnosperm

Cycadophyta

Palm plants

Cycads

Seeds, crown of compound leaves

Ginkgophyta

Ginkgo plants

Ginkgo, Maidenhair

Seeds not protected by fruit (single species)

Gnetophyta

Gnetophytes

Seeds and woody vascular system with vessels

Angiosperm

Anthophyta (or Magnolioph Flower plant yta)

Flowering plants

Flowers and fruit, vascular system with vessels

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