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Junk Space

Junk Space

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Junkspace Author(s): Rem Koolhaas Reviewed work(s): Source: October, Vol. 100, Obsolescence (Spring, 2002), pp.

175-190 Published by: The MIT Press Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/779098 . Accessed: 29/07/2012 04:26
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polish. Junkspaceis its apotheosis. our concern for the masses has blinded us to People's Architecture.boosted by infinite computation. Because we abhor the utilitarian.Junkspace is the sum totalof our current more than did all previousgenerationsput together... shutter.. promotes disorientation by any means (mirror. century architecture the twentieth for Architecture century. somehowwe do not regbut isteron the same scales.Junkspace REM KOOLHAAS A LoganAirport: World-Class Upgrade theTwenty-first for Century -Late-TwentiethCentury Billboard Rabbit is the new beef. has whatcoagulates while modernization is in progress. 2002. or meltdown.. Althoughits individualpartsare the outcome of brilliantinventions.. globalization's fodder for the disenfranchised . its fallout. disappeared in the twentieth century.pp.the main thing. Junkspace food for the dispossessed. The built (more about that later) product of modernization is not modern architecture but Junkspace. Junkspace is what remainsafter modernization run itscourse. seemsan aberration. resurrection farce. Junk-Space the residue mankind leaves on the planet.we have been reading a footnoteunder a microscope hoping it would turn into a novel. Continuity the essence ofJunkspace... .we have condemned ourselvesto a lifelongimmersionin the arbitrary.a low-grade its as we achievement. OCTOBER 100. lucidlyplanned by human intelligence. Accordingto a new gospel of ugliness.. Modernization had a rational program:to share the blessingsof science. ? 2002 Rem ..Spring Koolhaas.. sprinkler.. but Junkspace the productof an encounterbetweenescalatorand air-conditioning. If is . conceivedin an incubatorof Sheetrock(all threemissing fromthe history is books).there is alreadymoreJunkspaceunder constructionin the twenty-first than has survived fromthe twentieth It was a mistaketo inventmodern .deploys the infrastructure seamlessness: of fire escalator... or.. hot-aircurtain. air-conditioning. echo) .universally. LAX: welcomingat counter. extensive perceivelimits. We do not leave pyramids. have built purgatory .. "Identity" the newjunk is possibly flesh-eating-orchids the check-in the is space-junkis the human debris thatlitters universe.. exploitsanyinvention it thatenables expansion. itis the essence..more precisely. theirsum spells the end of Enlightenment. 175-190..It is always so thatyou rarely it interior.

. space workhorseof structures.conditionedspace inevitably sooner or laterall conditionalspace turnsintoJunkspace.has become groans invisibly frames support nominal loads. architecture. More and more. air-conditioning sustainsour cathedrals. theory forthe productionof space is based on an obsessivepreoccupationwithits opposite: substance and objects. or huge beams ornamental.the effect its richnessis a terminal a erodes the credibility hollowness. Gravityhas remained constant.e.As ifspace itself invisible. ter.quarteredthe waya carcass is tornapart-individual chunksseveredfroma universal condition. small.. but withhidden receptorsthat will eventually make it cohere... The arch. Junkspace is the body double of . If architecture architecture. layered.so farseparate. shiny.K.an abandoned petri dish: it cancels underminesresolve.. When we thinkabout is all space. men..limited expectation. i. let's talkabout space then.confusesintentionwithrealization. reduced earnestness.. disof renovations. and not lightweight.Let's explore public space." has welan infinity virtual of to nonexistent theres. like a bubble.Architects could never explain space. and fixers.or worse.public and private. 3 percentArtNouveau.therefore air-conditioning-invisible has launched the endless building. a territory impaired vision.There are no walls. articulatedin different partsbut subdivided.air-conditioning mutantregimesof organizationand coexistencethatleave architecture behind. withaccumulation. cover casinos.spatially grandiose. coming populations it is simplyapplied-mostly in stucco-as ornamentalafterthought hurriedly on erected superblocks. become the depleted emblem of "community.more is hierarchy more. Junkspaceis a Bermuda Triangleof concepts. Air-conditioning unites them.Junkspace's iconographyis 13 percent Roman. a colossal blanketthatcoversthe earthin a stranglehold seduction. O. an of Seemingly apotheosis.onlypartitions. spend time in theme parks . A centeris now the workof generationsof space planners.resistedby the same arsenal since the beginningof time.cemented to form a solid new whole. The beauty of airports. money.176 OCTOBER sealed. no longerfree. 8 percent Bauhaus and 7 percentDisney (neck and neck). Air-conditioning dictated has separates buildings.. The lusterof The subtlety the shoppingcenter. Jacuzzi A fuzzy of blur.it fuseshigh and low. be on (All architects mayunwittingly working the same building.possiblyforever Space was created by pilingmatteron top of mat. membranesfrequently coveredin mirror shimmering or gold. . Structure underneathdecoration.especiallyaftereach upgrade.Junkspace of security is likebeing condemned to a perpetual withmillionsofyourbestfriends .. vicious parodyof ambitionthatsystematically of building.Where it is absent. once the . Junkspaceis our punishmentfortheirmystifications. followed deliver cyclopic burdens to unsuspecting destinations .. and bent.) Because it costs is becomes conditionalspace. we have onlylooked at itscontainers.It replaces distinctions.. held together not by structurebut by skin.compositionwithaddition.but unnoticed-has truly revolutionized medium. Junkspace is additive.repairsingle shopping like in the Middle Ages. Junkspace is overripe and undernourishingat the same time. of space.. empire straight a bloated and starvedto offer seamlesspatchwork the permanently of disjointed.

acres of glass hang fromspiderycables.and Regurgitationis the new creativity. splinteredinto thousands of shards. It exposes what previousgenerationskept under wraps:structures exit stairsdangle in emerge like springsfroma mattress. interiorsreferto the Stone and Space at the same time.its refusalto yet freeze ensures instantamnesia. beyond code . design.At the strokeof midnight all mayrevert TaiwaneseGothic.jeans. cherish.but onlyin its moststerilemanifestation. .free air..in it to three years it may segue into Nigerian Sixties.others in perpetual rhetorical turmoil:the deadest resides next to the most hysterical.Junkspace cannot be remembered. all visible at the same time: a quasi-panoptical universe in which all contents in rearrangethemselves splitseconds around the dizzyeye of the beholder. There is no form. yet familiar. Although strictly it nonarchitectural. a didactic trapeze. Themes cast a pall of arresteddevelopment in over interiorsas big as the Pantheon.. Norwegian Chalet. Because it cannot be grasped. franchise and sparklinginfrastructures light.Junkspace is best enjoyed in a state of postrevolutionarygawking.we honor.Junkspaceis beyond measure... tautlystretched skinsenclose flaccidnonevents.Modern archiAge tectureremainsessential.sneakers.. fleece. As if the People suddenly accessed the private quarters of a dictator. transplanted emblems of .The aesthetic is Byzantine. utterly unpredictable.Its geometriesare unimaginable. myths can be shared. and video describe an of authorlessworldbeyond anyone's claim.to the Dome.Junkspace'smodules are dimensionedto carrybrands.the more we seem to dress down. tends to the vaulted. Neon signifies both the old and the new. walls. sandals.like a screen saver.Junkspace but design dies in Junkspace.Junkspacedoes not pretendto create perfection. Junkspaceis a domain of feigned. spawningstillbirths everycorner. and dark. governs parka. . A stringent dress code-last spasm of etiquette?access to Junkspace: shorts. . fluorescent like meltingstained glass..a kingdom of morphas ing. Like the deactivatedvirusin an inoculation.gorgeous. High Tech (it seemed so dead only a decade ago!). Its specific configurationis as fortuitous the geometryof a snowflake. Brands in the same role as black holes in the universe:theyare essences Junkspaceperform mankindreflect at humanity itsmostcasual. Patternsimplyrepetitionor ultimately decipherable rules. The shiniest surfaces in the history of .only makable.Earthlings now live in a kindergarten on thrives grotesque. Polarities have merged-there is nothing left between desolation and frenzy. .simulatedorder. Some sectionsseem to be devoted to utterinertness. backpack. generate additional heat to raise the temperatureof embrace manipulation . Like a substance that could have condensed in any other form.Murals used to show idols.only proliferation.Junkspace 177 closely by Mayan ..It is flamboyant unmemorable. instead of creation. shell suit.Transparency in onlyrevealseverything whichyou cannot partake. through which meaning disappears .folded intensely Junkspaceis hot (or suddenlyarctic). or default Christian. The morewe inhabitthe palatial. only interest. probes thrust into space to deliverlaboriouslywhat is in fact omnipresent. brands husband aura at the mercyof focus groups.alwaysunique. LEDs. Superstrings of graphics.

stalemate. double.. verbs unknown and unthinkable in architecturalhistoryclamp.even couches.its contents are dynamicyet stagnant. . temporary a embracewitha coupling.dump. recycled or multiplied as in cloning:formssearch forfunctionlike hermitcrabs lookingfora vacant shell . rangesof modularchairs.In Junkspace. stick.materiality based on a finalstate that could was morning.in the worstcase.. glue.There is no progress. monumentalashtrays catch intermittent drops in a graybroth. lunch box is a microstaggersendlesslysideways The average contemporary cosm ofJunkspace:a fervent semanticsof health-slabs of eggplant. disparatematerials. culture .. .With enormous difficulty-budget. begin control?Since the introduction Real TimeTM? of Change has been divorcedfrom the idea of improvement.. as materials our culture abandoned repetition building and standardized. While whole will millenniaworkedin favor permanence.. like a crab on LSD.the tables are turned:it is subsystem only.. finalsoluthe thoughtofJunkspacefirst tion to transcendtheirhuge impasse. an intellectual issue: transitionalmoments are defined by longer brown bands barely maintain the illusion of an stapling and taping.. Everywhere inJunkspacethereare seatingarrangements. As the module becomes smaller and smaller.Instead of trying wrestorderfromchaos. orphaned particlesin search of a framework or pattern.waiting of encounterof difference. tearing.Like multipleBabels.. negotiation.. wrinkly unbroken surface.topped by thick layers of goat cheese-canceled by a colossal cookie at the bottom . . tailoring.. Because it is endless. singular the liberated from standardized the . ever understandJunkspace'shistories. like a reptile sheds skins. Instead of development. has like coating: construction acquired a new softness. like a tape spinningout of stop movingforward. it alwaysleaks somewherein Junkspace. the programofJunkspaceis escalation.unitary.axialities. huge superstructures that would would last through eternity. shoot. At the expense of partialdestruction.fold. fuse-have become indispensable. teemingwith impermanentsubsystems mutate over time.readingits faultlines with their fingertips. the exact momentthat onlybe modifiedat has and regularity repressive. is now a suggested possibly transient to be undone.178 OCTOBER Junkspaceto levels at whichyou could cultivateorchids. proportion.is reborn everyMonday Junkspacesheds architectures In previousbuilding.Where as detailingonce its the coming together.substancenow have become more and more modular. .beyond theircontrol. Each element performs task in negotiated isolation. of it forever.Only the blind.its status become that of a crypto-pixel.argument.bending.. deformation-irregularityand uniqueness are constructed from to identicalelements. offers it entropy.Pretendinghistoriesleft and right.withoutsuperstructure.no longerthe orchestrated a but the abruptend of a system. of and relationships.When did time to spool in everydirection. Architects and named it Megastructure. the picturesqueis the nowwrested from homogenized. unscrewed. high probability separation.. Junkspaceis drainingand is drained in return.as ifthe experience its more exhaustingthan anyprevious Junkspaceoffers consumersis significantly . comes predigitized . All materialization is provisional: cutting. The joint is no a problem.

to bodily functions:wedged between stainless-steelpartitionssit rows of groaningRomans. later. thatof the tentthatassumesdifferent to accommodatevariableinterior volumes. although it is an architecture the masses.as ifin a prayer. in hovering. thatis a misnomer.Or car shows. half-disappear ceilingvoidsto or in as All negotiateelusivemalfunctions..thisone heartlessly is casual and appreciably darker.Junkspace 179 utilitarian you find buffets: spatial sensation. language of apology is woventhroughits texture canned billboards euphoria.sooner or plenty. Junkspace representsa reverse typologyof less about kind than about quantity.denim togasbunched around theirhuge sneakers.M. ifin confession. can eitherbe absolutely Junkspace chaotic or frighteninglyaseptic-like a best-seller-overdetermined and indeterminate the same time. surfacesare archaeological. disorder.wings announcingas yetunimaginedsurprises-acres of organizationto supportfuture and drunkenness.a container of atoms. muffins. you've onlyseen thembeing preparedwithchillingprecision:a relentless grid of circular tables. where successive trucksdischarge their loads to form a heap. whole in spite of the randomnessof its contentsand its fundamental or shapelessness. announce momentary in discomfort returnfor imminentshine. busy. resupplying.. envelope shapes Or the vague crotchesof the new generation. .Each Junkspaceis connected. perfunctory assemblies of caffeineand calories-cottage cheese. Somewhere... .not dense . yet anotherpopulation.workerssink on their knees to repairfaded sections. tables draped in white or black sheets. . lessness is still form. Junkspace is a web without a spider. neverbeen invitedto thatkind of event. Junkspacerecoversfromyou: between 2 and 5 A. Take the dump. Junkspaceaccommodatesseeds of future a of perfection.As you recoverfrom Junkspace. extending toward a distant horizon.Junkspaceis oftendescribed as a space of flows. Junkspace is fanaticallymaintained. the allure of improvement. mopping. . formBut cumulative.a dais big enough forthe politburoof a totalitarian state. but flows depend on disciplinedmovement. There is a special way of moving in Junkspace..you have neverseen them in use.Junkspacedoes not inspireloyalty its cleaners . superpositionsof different "periods" (what do you call the momenta particular type of wall-to-wallcarpet was current?)-as you note when they're torn . Traditionally. "pardon our appearance" signs or miniatureyellow"sorry" markongoing patches of wetness. . the night shift undoing the damage of the day shiftin an endless Sisyphean replay. sweeping.It is an acquired culture. typologyimplies demarcation.toweling. Its anarchyis one of the last tangiblewaysin whichwe experience freedom.each trajectory strictly of is unique.. disarray.the definitionof a singularmodel that excludes other arrangements.It is a space of collision..There is somethingstrangeabout ballrooms.at the same time aimless and purposeful. their diameters preempting communication.for at instance:huge wastelands for Because you've keptcolumn-free ultimateflexibility. approximative identity.Dedicated to instantgratification.the formlessalso a typology... unripe grapes-notional representationsof withouthorn and withoutplenty. bodies that cohere.. . in its most abandoned stretches. Because it is so intenselyconsumed.

180 OCTOBER of Junkspacefeaturesthe tyranny the oblivious: sometimesan entireJunkspace comes unstuckthroughthe nonconformity one of its members.sections rot. a nightclub.alwaysnear dead ends-and assemblies of underdimensionedplastic structures-slides. the of stampedes triggered warringcompartments soccer fans. The younginstinctively avoid the Dante-esque manipulations/containers which to Withinthe meta-playground Junkspacehas condemned theirelders in perpetuity. Traffic Junkspace. you finally disappeared on vacation.leaving an invisibleswathof obstructionin his/her communicatedto its furthest extremities... Judgingthe built presumed a static condition.Sometimes. seesaws. evidence of progress. pushed througha single door or forced to negotiate the gap between two temporary obstacles (an invalid'sbleeping chariotand a Christmas tree): the manifestill will such narrowingprovokes mocks the notion of flows. the forgotten. potted palms (or verylarge corpses) covered in body bags. Seeing Junkspace in conversionis like inspecting unmade bed. curdles: on escalators.signs taped. Where wake.dead bodies piling by of doors of a disco-evidence of the awkward fit up in front the locked emergency between the portals ofJunkspaceand the narrowcalibrationsof the old world. Like radioactive has an insidious half-life. passages. near exits. now you're a witness.under duress. Since passengers have definitively demonstratedtheir infinitemalleability.Flows in Junkspace lead to disaster: department stores at the beginning of sales. . vastpotentialutopia clogged by its users.as notice when they've waste. Say an airportneeds an more space. sometimes an entireJunkspace-a departmentstore. air-conditioningunits startdripping. insane .a reluctantparticipant... flourishing deterioration as others are upgraded..new terminals wereadded.a bachelor pad-turns into a slum overnight withoutwarning:wattagediminishes letters drop out of signs. existsmallerplaygrounds. Renovation and restorationwere procedures that took place in your absence. mother-can destabilizean entire a Junkspace.individualsare channeled in a flow. the lost. each more or less characteristic of its own age.one .a singlecitizen of of an another culture-a refugee.the is hiccup entirehighway is a system Junkspace. Travelatorsare throwninto reverse. a deregulationeventually movementbecomes synchronized.. leaving the old ones as a readable record.automated tellers. Screens of taped Sheetrock segregate two populations: one wet. swings-shunned by their intended audience are turnedinto aJunknicheforthe old. the last the of humanism . it is never closed .permanent old and tempoand at risk . cracksappear as iffromotherwiseunregistered earthquakes. imperceptibly. in Junkspace is nonexistentor cataJunkspace Aging strophic. the idea of rebuildingon the spot has gained currency. ofJunkspace Junkspaceforchildren(usuallyin the least desirable square footage): sections of sudden miniaturization-often underneath staircases.. Because Junkspace is endless. one dry. In the past. hold it to a rustic'sransom.are no but remainjoined to the flesh of the main body via gangrenous longer viable. .fromairspace to the subway. parking it machines. Sections undergo an Alzheimer's-like rary. someone else's.. now each architecture embodies oppositeconditionssimultaneously: and new.

to be replaced by a dense crustof provisionaloccupation: kiosks. . . underwear.."Their tenant life tends to be short: the most the mostperfunctory All dresses. the more affluenthalf consumes old space. tortured. the tongue. asylum-seekers. the nose... turn horizontal without any fold down. Trajectories are launched as ramp. offering flows.cell phone-incredible adventures for the brain. as in a rainforest disappearing. The absolutehorizontal been abandoned. smoking.The flooris a patchwork: shiny. one flabby. Who would dare claim responsibility thissequence? The for opportunistic idea that a professiononce dictated..tangled arrangementssuddenly exposed to daylight. Transparency disappeared. or worse: unthinkable. building site.eccentricthe loops. the sudden reversals that comprise the typical path from check-in (misleadingname) to the apron of the averagecontemporary airport. stagnantwindows. bars. balconyabove a void.strollers. oysters.In fact. theykeep saying.graphic the Where once signagepromisedto deliveryou to designersare the greatturncoats: where you wanted to be. one overheated. but have become "destinations. species..From the sudden dead end where you were large . as muddy-alternaterandomly.. There are too manyrawneeds to be realized on onlyone has has plane. There was once a line.beams. now the ninetiethdegree has polemic about the rightangle and the straight become one among many. ifdedicatedto different plastic.string. the concourse suddenly turnsinto Casbah: improvised locker rooms. peristaltic of a crucial to all commercial shrink-wrap exchange. The ceiling is a crumpledplate like the Alps.Junkspace 181 one cold.hairy. insulation..even real campfires.).rope. the more inevitablethe transaction. is (itself perspective gone. sofas. heavy.and complex..improbably puncturedby grids of crystalchandeliers. meekly or of we submit to grotesque journeys past perfume. or at least presumed to predict. suddenlyemerge on a vertiginous warning..pornography. Metal ducts are replaced by breathingtextiles.turnsyou back when you're lost. coffee breaks.In this war.metallic. ducting.Impure.Half the population produces new hard.the testicles.. The ground is no more. cable..Because we never reconstruct question the absurdity these enforced ddrives. the ascents and descents. it now obfuscates and entangles you in a thicketof cuteness thatforcesyou past unwanteddetours. palms.fireproofing.the mostimplausibleflowers. Fascism minus dictator.remnants former of geometriescreateevernew forlornnodes of resistancethat create unstable eddies in newly havoc.Gaping joints reveal vast ceiling voids (formercanyonsof asbestos?). they exist only because they were never consciously different textures-concrete.there is calculation:the more erraticthe path. fountains.trolleys Corridorsno longer simplylinkA to B. Onlya perverse modernist choreography can explain the twistsand turns.carts. Instead of design.intersect.. To accommodate a nether space. world of manual labor. hidden the blueprint. gridsof unstable tilesalternatewithmonogrammed sheets of black plastic. the eye. efficient exposure. Postmodernism adds a crumple-zoneof viral pochethat fractures and multiplies the endless frontline display.the womb. people's movementsnow seems laughable. plotted. The is formerly straight coiled into evermorecomplex configurations.

"Space" is a as too scooped out ofJunkspace from soggyblockof ice creamthathas languished whatever. surreptitiously..granitestaircase..inspired by forgettable sources. sequence to reveala "permanent is conversion-continuous-followed. a first As thesubstance step. "original"condition.thefocusof theintervention. display slums.antiseptic applied.more or less spherical. Can the bland be amplified? The featureless exaggerated? be Through Variation?Repetition?Sometimes not overload but its height?Depth? Length? opposite. inevitable.. ) long in the freezer:cylindrical. the formerly residual is declaredthe newessence.busy.Jurassic concepts. But now your own architecture is infected... an absolute absence of detail. Toilet groups mutate into Disney Stores then morph to become meditation centers: Successive transformations mock the.a plan would actuallymake matters worse.. Laughable emptinessinfusesthe respectful distance or tentativeembrace thatstarchitects maintainin the presence of the past..Only the diagramgivesa bearable version. structural typefaces. "filigree"-emphatically uncompetitive-so thatcontinuity maybe establishedwiththe "rest" ofJunkspace (abandoned galleries.authenticor not.visitit treatit with condescending contemptor enjoy it vicariously. indiscreetdonor names chiseled prominently the meekest of the courtyard coveredby a masterful." The plan is a radar screen where individual pulses survivefor unpredictable periods of time in a Bacchanalian free-for-all In this standoffbetween the redundant and the . Who do you thinkyou are? Who do you want to you go.warped.word "plan. you always inhabit a sandwich. History corrupts. all-inclusive..would driveyou to instant despair. atrium-ridden JunkSignatureTMthe new architecis continuous.architecture turned has intoa time-lapse evolution. because you could not understand it. it Junkspaceis postexistential..) . the primordial decision is to leave the original intact... quarries reopened to excavate the in "same" stone. makesyou uncertainwhereyou are... has become equally smooth. filtered daylight expansesof monumentalreticence and makes them come alive. stools. pusheddownhill responsible by symmetries are maintained and helplessly exaggerated. generates Junkspace. showrespect. obscureswhere undoes whereyou were." The onlycertainty .. vibrantas a computer rendering..an escalatortakesyou to an invisible destination. ancient building techniques are resurrectedand honed to irrelevantshine...182 OCTOBER dropped bya monumental.shockingproof little. . cone-shaped.A voided condition of frightening that so much can be organized by so sparseness. you've thrownaway the keys.. be? (Note to architects:You thought that you could ignore Junkspace. in rare cases. sympathy. Conditioning is revealsvast. by "restoration.There is zero loyalty-and zero no tolerance-toward configuration. bloodless grafts: the bland has become the onlymeetingground forthe old and the new. ). facing a provisional vista made of plaster.. (There is no datum level." process the thatclaimsevernewsectionsofhistory extensions as ofJunkspace.. to be preserved is wrapped in a thick pack of commerce and catering-like a reluctant skier To minders. absolute history Color and matterare eliminatedfromthese corruptsabsolutely. The curse of public space: latent fascismsafelysmothered in signage. Invariably.

sweatshops pales into insignificance compared to the heat generated is political: It depends on the centralremovalof the critJunkspace byJunkspace.its original concept abused. seamless blueprintsof the mutuallyexclusive. but it actuallysplinters. instigate a Not exactly"anything politics of systematic disarray. privatefax machines.The combined pollutionof all ThirdWorldcars.reality/TV. coined a proactivewave of new oxymoronsto suspend former incompatibility: life/style. Restore. Junkspace will be our tomb. blatantlyproclaimshow it wants to be read: rich. unusual importation..motorbikes.renovate.revise. the other pollutes to consume. Babel has been misunderstood. in ical faculty the name of comfort and pleasure.revamp. Comfort the newJustice. it preempts people's cool. abstract.. where a grid of video screens reassemblesindividualframesinto a banalized. It comes with a sound track.smell. planes-turns into Junkspace. condoms:miniature centerscoexistwithyourbedside bible .. theyknoweveryabout you.. the formalwithers.. sonorous amalgamationsof status.recover.arbitratedby opaque NGOs.the impasseof seemingly launched a new language that straddles unbridgeable divides like a fragile designer'sfootbridge. except who you are.all yourdesires. reassemble.has Mankind. but out of identical statistics and unavoidable demographics. establish regimes of engineered disorientation.. buses. a mass of refractoryperiods caught in a Thousand Year Reign of Razzmatazz. and child is individuallytargeted.the secret of and repressive: the formless as Junkspaceis thatit is both promiscuous proliferates.suppressingletters. recourse . museum/store.or fabricationof nonexistentplurals. trucks. is Entireminiature statesnow adoptJunkspaceas political program."historical. Junkspace knowsall youremotions. woman. and history. EmissariesofJunkspacepursue you in the thing formerly imperviousprivacyof the bedroom: the minibar. huge. Half of mankind pollutes to produce. Language is not the problem..Junkspace 183 ture: the formermegalomania of a professioncontracted to manageable size. respect..return-the Parthenon marbles-redo.It of sensations. split offfrom the rest.world/music.regulations. Through acronym. Each man. Anything Junkspaceminus its savingvulgarity.Naming has replaced class struggle.redesign.stunning. Fragments come together at "security" only. in fact. food/court. Politicshas become manifesto by Photoshop. opportunistic an weave of vestedinterests. tracked. "minimal. waiting/lounge. and withit all rules. a paroxysmof prosperity..You are complicitin stripped the tracingof the fingerprints each of your transactions leaves.It createscommunitiesnot Junkspacepretends out of shared interest or free association... The subject is of privacyin returnfor access to a creditnirvana.body parts. utilitarian cubism disappointingly .courtesy profit to unite. endless debates. stretched-limousines. It sponsors a collective of brooding consumers in surly anticipation of their next spend. of just the new frontier Junkspace. rearrange. goes".tornbyeternaldilemmas.. seats.It is the interior Big Brother'sbelly. captions. freshplastic veils wrapping toilets pay-TVoffering compromised pornography.high-concept. rent: verbs that start with re-produce Junkspace . theyaim to shed meaning in returnfor a spacious new roominess. health/care.

.. . Junkspace has to swallowmore and more programto survive. only the architectis leftstanding.. clouding opaque deals.God is dead. Funded by joined properties.the underpinning of brands. a each square inch becomes a grasping. the author is dead. culture.most of its exterior surfacesbent. In the third has been removed . compensationand fund-raising. Justas Junkspaceis unstable. the the more specificitsJunkspace. everything cannot contract-when it is Junkspaceexpands withthe economybut itsfootprint no longer needed.. and dollars subsidy. public-private complicities.Its financing a deliberatehaze. Masterpieceis no longeran inexplicablefluke. has become a definitive sanction."engraveddonor bricks".military moguls who can accommodate any deficit in futuristicbalances. Space for "honoring. soon. At the end ofJunkspace." "sharing..transferred rights. Euros. A shortage of mastershas not stopped a proliferation masterpieces.Public SpaceTM:what remainsof the cityonce the unpredictable and "grieving.its object fromcriticism. . Guggenheim.the Metropolis. but a consistent typology:its mission to intimidate.needy surface dependent on covert or overt support.184 OCTOBER that revealsJunkspace's overall coherence to the dispassionate glare of barely in trainedguards:video-ethnography its bruteform." . or through Default PreservationTM (the maintenance of historical complexes that nobody wants but that the Zeitgeisthas declared sacrosanct). it thins. centrifugal its held together by the pull of the atrium. we willbe able to do anything We the anywhere. that optimisticallysell offvast tracts of waterfront. Because of its tenuous viability.former former leftists) bases and abandoned airfields developersor real-estate to hippodromes. grant:An erraticflowof yen." "caring. The more indeterminate city. fundamentaldeficit. dubious tax air breaks. Bilbao withthe Streetwith Disney.an insultingevolutionary of joke . leases. willhave conquered place. civility imposed byan overdoseof serif.unusual incentives.its performanceuntested. charity.it is onlytheirreversesynergy swollenand shrunk. rentals... Universal? old aura is transfusedwith new luster to spawn sudden Through Junkspace. franchises. contingentbankruptcy.huge percentagesof itssquare footagedysfunctional. simultaneously Junkspace Instead of public life. dreading the components barely imminentarrivalof forensicaccounting.. createsfinancialenvelopes thatare as fragileas theircontents.As its scale mushroomsrivals and even exceeds that of the Public-its economy becomes more is inscrutable. exemptions.Because of a struca tural shortfall. lottery...all ofJunkspace'sprototypes urban-the Roman are thatmakes themsuburban.tenuous legalities. roll of the a dice. reduceswhatis urban to urbanity.for else: cash." "healing".a semantic space that saves the "Masterpiece" leaves its qualities unproven. Junkspace happens spontaneouslythroughnatural corporate exuberance-the unfettered play of the market-or is generatedthroughthe combined actions of temporary bureaucrats (often "czars" with long records of three-dimensional philanthropy. disFor count. its actual ownershipis foreverbeing passed on in parallel disloyalty.. bonds. commercialviability: Barcelona amalgamatedwiththe Olympics. special zoning districts. Forum.Forty-second historyis dead. motivesunquestioned.. .

Junkspace 185 Millennium.dividingthe infirmary two: in above an endless humanist scrollof "color.We thoughtthe hospital was unique-a universethatidentifiedby its smell-but now thatwe are used to universal conditioningwe recognize it was merelya prototype. spill.marooned in a never-ending casual Friday. thenforcedinto rigoroushoops. now your nearest are huddled together in atriums. empty papers.inclusivist. Color has disappeared to dampen the resultingcacophony.Not canned laughter." loved ones. coffeecups.humankindis subjected to the most dictatorialscripts:fromthe pushyoration of the waiterto the instructions the on gulags on the otherend of the telephone.a biblical dictate that divided our weeks. news.. we're united in sedation .itsmajor inventions ancient: the movingimage. the author) has spawnedorphaned space.. eradicationof excess: abstraction camouflage. Why can't we tolerate .. and unthreatening: arbitrary. are is a Entertainment likewatching once-hotplanet cool off. scratch. throughverysmall holes. strongersensations?Dissonance? Awkwardness? heals.below a utilitarianzone for defacementand disinfectant. or at least thatis the assumptionof manyhospitals. cartoons. there once cue: relax.. poetic. and yesterday's You used to face death in bouquets. airplane. celebrationof the as the efficient. The chosen theater of Through megalomania-the dictatorial-is no longerpolitics.clowns. planned with the last adrenaline of modernism'sgrand inspiration.but entertainment. appropriate cells.concentrationmovie. enjoy... and art. death of God (and exposure and intimacy.all Junkspaceis defined by its smell. . and smudge .satisfies the drive to get rid of surprise. life or death we decisions are taken in spaces that are relentlessly litteredwith fading friendly. signage. war. collision.. the The secretof corporateaestheticswas the powerof elimination. On popular demand. children'ssunsets. Now we workharder. dinosaurs.entertainment concentration: concentration gambling.concentrationholiday. in contraction. The office the nextfrontier is Since you can workat ofJunkspace. organized public life. be well.forced to go throughthe motions by ruthlessCopernican laws. the rollercoaster. . concentrationculture. water is pressurized humanist.. concentration golf. Corpotainmentis a galaxy shortage-we have added nothing. have made them (too) human.the searchfora Corporate Sublime. organizes hermeticregimesof ultimateexclusion and Junkspace.but canned euphoria..the safety answering mankindis browbeateninto submitmore and more insistent perfumes.Junkspace is space as vacation.. public lifeand privacy.. . Junkspaceis authorless.and is used only as Genius? Anarchy? Junkspace .recorded sound. At the momentof its greatestemancipation. the Inevitably. organized beauty has become warm. Junkspace will assume responsibilityfor pleasure and religion.. surprisingly yet authoritarian. Often heroic in size.. A bold datum line is establishedon everyverticalsurface. ing to the most harshly engineered plotline . Except for celebrities-of which there is a dramatic just reconfigured.. air is burdened with added oxygen-as if only forcing malleable substancesinto the mostdrasticcontortions maintainscontrol. straight palmsare bent into grotesque poses. anticipated was a relationshipbetween leisure and work. concentration convention.

between the casinos. a meeting-boudoir: desksbecome sculptures. centurywill bring "intelligent" CNNNYSENASDAQC-SPAN. is carryingincreasingly . we tourism.because you stillneed a life.."wired to all the world's other Junkspace.. The collectivebastardizationof English is our most achievement. philosophies muffled. and comfort. Entire organizationsand/or professions a descent into the linguistic impose inmates wrestlewith words in equivalent of hell: condemned to a word-limbo.kiosks. concepts unlaunched.it simulates the city. lying. Intended for the interior. The twenty-first Junkspace: on a big digital "dashboard": sales. slang.First. All of the resurrected emblems and recycledambers of the formerly public need new The outing of pastures. Junkspace featuresthe officeas the urban home..we have broken its back with ignorance.. help them survive . of the unmemorable. outsourcing. Espace becomes E-space.amid a twisted arboreal Baroque . legitimacy.like a speech dummy...or to confrontbut to fudge. impressive and multitasking we can make it sayanything . the is Monumental on partitions.apologize. hovering momentarily. Language is no longer used to explore.. wood: All are enhanced to produce HyperecologyTM. course that complements presented in real time like the automotive-theory We drivinglessons .. Outside. Globalizationturnslanguage intoJunkspace. of want. fromgood to bad. accent. a benign ecofascismthatpositionsa rare surviving Siberian tigerin a forestof slot machines. it stakesclaims.186 OCTOBER home. then withdrawing withan amnesiac competency. a a water. ." persistence"... Air. of pleading. as Witnesscorporateagitprop: the CEO's suite becomes "leadership collective.parallel Walden.. A new vegetal is corralled for its thematic efficiency.. new rainforest. traffic calmed. jargon. .flattening.anythingthat goes up or down.. is the is shelters proliferate dictatorial messages..our most creativehypotheseswill never be formulated. near Armani.. .the oxymoron missionstatement. .it escapes fromits containers-semantic orchids easilyengulf that needed hothouse protectionemergingwithsurprising robustness-then the outdoorsitself converted: street paved more luxuriously. Through the retrofitting language.admitsguilt... discoveries will remain unmade.mini-Starbucks interior plazas: a Post-ituniverse: "team "information futilehedges againstthe universalforgetting memory.fosters sus. Junkspace has triggered the professionalizationof denaturing. real or imagined. Aberrantlinguisticecologies sustain virtualsubjects in their claim to express. are stuckin a now that we all speak it. Junkspace can a whole city. speech-doldrums. work-floor litbyintimatedownlights.A. The global progress of . a Junkspacerepresents finalManifest Destiny:the Worldas public space . a Satanic ever-descendingspirals orchestrationof the meaningless. fountainsproject entireStalinistbuildingsof liquid.blur. Landscape has become Junkspace. We inhabitsumptuousPotemkinsuburbsof weasel terminologies.. crime eliminated. thereare too fewplausible words left.. ejaculated in a split second. the office aspiresto the domestic. .foliage as spoilage: Trees are Then Junkspace spreads like a forest fire in L. consenpreemptsdebate.The ubiquity of English is Pyrrhic: nobody remembersits use.assignsvictimhood. define.bargaining. nuances miscarried.obfuscate.

free of commercialdebris. all coated in the same color-is it teal? Rust? Tobacco? With symmetries scaled of the endless curve of its terminals forcesits beyond any possibility recognition. .or the marketplace-to join the world of Junkspace. massive injections of lyricismhave enabled an infrastructure-the one domain previously immuneto design.in a colossal yin/yang. who extortlimitless regional funds. ecology turns into ecospace.a theoretically.the golf course is. In the past.Junkspace 187 tortured.Junkspaceis the apocalypse. bring maybe malaria to Sussex. we may die of oxygen poisoning. and forJunkspace to extend its manifestationsunder the sky. MXP looks as ifall of the leftovers East Germany's of reconstruction-whatever was needed to undo the deprivations Communism-have been of bulldozed together to hurriedly accordingto a vaguelyrectangular blueprint form a botched sequence of deformed.FortKnoxes eco-reserves a blank check for further as of chlorophyll. Ecology and economy have bonded in Junkspace as ecolomy.The methods of theirdesign and realizationare similar:erasure. and mankind shudders .. a huge global bureaucracy is in the the makingto settle.causing endless delays for its duped taxpayerstoo busy on cell phones to notice). inhabitedbyassembliesunitedonlyby the imminence of their dissolution. Railwaystations unfold like iron butterflies. provisional journey accommodationforthose going elsewhere. between the scraped and the 'scaped. willedinto being inadequate spaces (apparently Euros fromthe community's bythe currentrulersof Europe.or wind. trading the right to despoil for the in obligation to create steroidrainforests Costa Rica.in a misplaced gasp of to once he or she has buckled up for the return quasi-autonomy. to locals in a three-mile radius. balance betweenJunkspaceand golf. the rewriting complexities of Junkspace were compensated for by the stark rawness of its adjunct infrastructures: parking garages. distributioncenters a monumentalpurity thatwas the originalaim of modernism. distributed across the globe to give everycitizenan equal chance democratically of admission.this new generationof instruments a God..repeated ad infinitum. or even toupees.its conceptual double: empty. airports glisten like cyclopic dewoftennegligiblebanks like grotesquely drops. The economy has become Faustian.. routinely displaying Now.. (Sometimes when there is a strong shakes as if being played by a giant. pollution. DFW is composed of three elements only. Seemingly the oppoat sprinklers site end ofJunkspace. bridges span enlarged versionsof the harp. have turned into consumption gulags. 300 anopheline mosquitoesarriveeach day at GDG and GTW withability. To each rivuletits own Calatrava..tabula rasa. one kind of brick. hyperdevelopment depends on artificialunderdevelopment. wateraccording to mathematicaltimetables. one kind of tile. Junkspaceturnsinto biojunk.taste. fillingstations. Airports. reconfiguration. nothing else: one kind of beam. ) Junkspace can be airborne.lawns cover human manipulations like thick pelts. be disinfected from the dead end of the tourist destination. The relativeevacuation of the golf course is achieved by the further chargingofJunkspace... infecteight to twenty hazard exacerbatedby the average passenger'sreluctance. in fact. serene.. Oxygenbanks.

napkins-like frogsflattened car tires. Through our ancient evolutionary equipment. open spaces demand wide open Junkspace? Sunbelt: huge populations where there was nothing. is is duty-free Where Junkspace space. coordination.Public Artdistributed across LAX: the fishthathave disappeared fromour riversreturn as public artin the concourse. squeeze sensemeaning... cravingand owning.both conditionshappen in Junkspace (often at the same time).. righteouscrime. Valleycultures to to be the most resistant Junkspace:at GVZ you can stillsee a universe thought of rules. Deprivation can be caused by overdose or shortage. read intention. Museums are sanctimonious there is no sturdier aura gle signifier Junkspace.minia mum is maximumin drag.only those murderedwill be remembered.our irrepressible attention span.. PHX: warpainton everyterminal. Large spidersin the humongousconversionofferdelirium for the masses . Action. extends far beyond the art museum's ever-increasing boundaries.To accommodatethe converts have attracted default.188 OCTOBER users to enact relativity theoryin theirquest forthe gate.the contemporary Baroque. in the real world.."All paintingsbased on black grids are herded togetherin a singlewhiteroom.. lowerwhat to is higher. hierarchy... the more irresistible seductions. Memoryitself may have turned intoJunkspace.. dilute or die. wallpaper. the largerthe profit center. we helplessly register. meaningless.dead Indian outlines on by everysurface-carpet.. fillin blanks.. the but to minimizethe shame of consumption.we cannot stop makingsense out of the utterly less. Memory. order.Duty-free Junkspace.are now turnedagainstus: we cannotstop noticing-no sequence is too absurd. DairyQueen . provide insight. in Regionaljunk. Its role is not to approximatethe sublime.drain embarrassment.a selfbeauty.the "art planner" spreads Junkspace's fundamental incoherence by assigning defunct . Narrativereflexesthat have enabled us fromthe beginningof time to connect dots. Outside. It does not signify Its demonstrative earnestnessdriveswhole civilizations into the welcomingarms of camp and kitsch. poised moments before its waterfalls an as but at ZHR huge "timepieces" hoverin front interior of implosion.Monasteriesinflatedto the scale of department stores: is the Third Millennium'sentropy. Minimumis the ultimateornament.Ostensibly relieffromconstantsensorial onslaught. onlywhatis dead can be resurrected."cosmetics"History.trivial.musethey by ums massively turn "bad" space into "good" space.finally collapsed in a sin.The minimumnow existsin a state of parasitic codependency withthe overdose: to have and not to have. Body.curatorsplot hangingsand unexpected encounters in a donor-platelabyrinth withthe finesseof the retailer:lingerie becomes "Nude.but guilt. insulting. Dedicated to mostly expansion would dare to reshuffle respectingthe dead. On its triumphalmarch as contentprovider. Its dropoffis the seemharmlessbeginning of a journey to the heart of unmitigatednothingness. the more untreatedthe oak.. ingly were beyondthe animationprovidedbyPizza Hut. Society. essay will it be the first run out? Is emptinesslocal? Do wide to culturewas thinnest. than holiness. a stealthlaundering of luxury:the stricter the lines. no cemetery corpses as casuallyin the name of currentexpediency. neatness.

TV-studiosets-garishly monumental-are both the culminationand the end of perspectival space as we've knownit: angulargeometricremnants invading real space edited forsmoothtransmission virtual in infinities. now we tryto resurrect whatis gone ... starry space. Entire mountains are dismembered to provide ever-greater quantities of authenticity. just an optical stomach-swallowsimages and confessions like in indiscriminately.your own destination/current position. The constant in threatof virtuality Junkspace is no longer exorcized by petrochemicalprodor rubber. routineaddictionsof the stars..Junkspace 189 Junkspace go back to the kindergarten .Junkspaceis like a womb thatorganizes the transition of endless quantitiesof the Real-stone. ("Origins" is a mint shampoo that stings to worksin leftover mythologies residualsurfacesand plottingthree-dimensional forauthenticity... crucial feedbackloop .goods.) Color in the real worldlooks increasingly unreal. people-into the unreal.real for .Artgalleriesmove en masse to "edgy"locadiscourseis tions..plastic. while cyberspace has become the great outdoors the anal region. or her touchseals thefateofwhatwasreal. . Conceptually. the vastnessofJunkspaceextended to the hinge in an infernal edges of the Big Bang. to propel themas cyber-vomit space. surfeit reality-TV made of has us into amateur guards monitoring Junkuniverse From the livelybreastsof a .Junkspacehas to exaggerate its claimsto the authentic. sometimes.the dubious benefitsof the fund-raising marathon.. the classicalviolinist the designerstubbleof the Big Brotheroutcast.. his emptiness.theirwood all pale: maybethe originsof Will Whatifspace startedlookingat mankind? always going on about architecture.the robotic body language of the conductor. . Forestsare felled. a trashbag. the architect's is footbridge rocked to the breakingpoint bya stampede of enthusiastic pedestrians.then convertrawspace into whitecubes .the synthetic ucts.. Junkspace to renewwhatwas depleted. Mankind is .. through which you recognize.Stone onlycomes in instantly light yellow. trees. each monitor..the futileexplanationsof the politician: the swooping movementof the TV camera suspended fromits boom-an eagle withoutbeak or claws. the runnymakeup of the evangelist. polished to a blindingstate of flashthatrendersthe intended earnestness elusive. a soaplike green.a violent beige. used We loss..therefore A irresistible.flesh.vinyl cheapens. suspended on precariousbrackets. Because we spend our lifeindoors-like animalsin a zoowe are obsessed withthe weather:40 percent of all TV consistsof presentersof lesser attractiveness gesturing helplessly in front of windswept formations. Outside. each TV screen is a substitute a window. daylight. the designer's initial audacity now awaits the engineer's application of dampers.Scouting in taps it forincorporation Junkspace. invade the body?Through the vibes of the cell phone? Has it already? Junkspace Through Botox injections? Collagen? Silicone implants? Liposuction? Penis enlargements?Does gene therapyannounce a total reengineeringaccording to life is inside.drained. Color in virtualspace is luminous. the colors of Communist plasticsin the 1950s.the conto textualpedophilia of the former the revolutionary. The onlylegitimate art replenishes in directproportionto its own morbidity. Junkspace is a look-no-handsworld .

.190 OCTOBER site? Junkspace?Is each of us a mini-construction Is mankindthe sum of threeto fivebillionindividualupgrades?Is it a repertoire reconfiguration facilitates of that the intromission a new species into its self-made of The cosmeticis Junksphere? the new cosmic .. .

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