You are on page 1of 2

038 Spanish Commands http://foxhugh.wordpress.

com/spanish/38-commands/ To form commands, drop the final -s on the present tense conjugation for the t form and change the final -r of the infinitive to -d for the vosotros form. The other imperative conjugations (for Usted, Ustedes, and nosotros) use the present subjunctive forms. You use the nosotros form when you mean Let's + infinitive. Negative commands use no + the present subjunctive conjugations for all forms. So the only forms that differ between affirmative and negative commands are t and vosotros. Verbs that end in -car, -gar and -zar have the following changes in commands as well: c becomes qu, g becomes gu, and z becomes c. Affirmative t Usted nosotros vosotros Ustedes Negative t Usted nosotros vosotros Ustedes -ar -es -e -emos -is -en -er or -ir -as -a -amos -is -an -ar -a -e -emos -ad -en -er or -ir -e -a -amos -ed / -id -an

Habla! = Speak! (t form) Comed! = Eat! (vosotros form) No comis! = Don't eat! (negative vosotros form) Beba! = Drink! (Usted form) Coman! = Eat (Ustedes form) No beban! = Don't drink! (negative Ustedes form) There are 8 irregular verbs in the imperative, but they are only irregular for the t form. The rest of the commands follow the pattern above. infinitive decir hacer ir poner salir ser tener venir t form di haz ve pon sal s ten ven

There are several irregular stems that appear in the present subjunctive, and therefore in the imperative. infinitive imperative stem

038 Spanish Commands dar decir estar haber hacer ir poder poner querer saber salir ser tener traer venir ddigesthayhagvaypuedpongquiersepsalgsetengtraigveng-