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V at no load

EMF

Stator Current at no load

EMF

V at no load

Stator Current at no load

V at rated load

EMF

Stator Current at rated load

Stator Current at no load

V at rated load

EMF

V at no load

Stator Current at rated load

Stator Current at no load

Strategy of Motor Control Torque developed by motor r I sq

If r ( Rotor Flux ) magnitude remains constant Torque developed by motor I sq 1 Analogous to Ia1 in DC Drive I sq 2 Analogous to Ia2 in DC Drive Isd ( Analogous to If in DC Drive)
Speed Accuracy = 0.5 %, Torque Accuracy = 2 %

I sq Is 1

Is 2

ib Is

Ib 2 ic

ia

ia

ic

Is = = 2 =

Ia + J 2 /3 J 4 /3

Ib +

2 ic

Spatial Operator

- Axis
ib Is

Is
_ Axis

Is

ic

ia - ib
a,b,c

Is
Is = ia Is

Is = (1/ 3 ) ia + (2/ 3) ib

Clark Transformation

q _ Axis ib Isq - Axis

Is

Ib

Is
2 ic Isd

d _ Axis _ Axis

ia Is ic
Isq

= Rotor Flux Position d-q Is

Isq = Is Cos - Is Sin Isd = Is Cos + Is Sin


= Rotor Flux Position
Isd

Is

Park Transformation

Vsq * d-q Vs

= Rotor Flux Position

Vsd *

Vs

Inverse Park Transformation


Vs * = Vsd * Cos - Vsq * Sin Vs * = Vsd * Sin + Vsq * Cos = Rotor Flux Position

Load = 0 Load = Constant

s = Stator Flux , Speed = w1 r = Rotor Flux , Speed = w1 _ Axis s = Stator Flux , Speed = w1

r = Rotor Flux , Speed = w1

= Rotor Flux Position _


Axis

Load = Variable
Speed of Stator Flux = W1 , W1 = Wmr + d / dt Speed of Rotor Flux = Wmr

Block diagram of Vector Controlled AC Drive


Park Inverse Transformation

N*

N* N* Logic RG e N

Isq* SC

Vsq *

CC

d-q +

Vs *

Vector Control
Vsd *
CC

Vs *

Isd*

PWM

Isq

d-q

Is

ia ic

Isd

Vector Control Is - a,b,c


Park Clark Transformation T

Transformation