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ÑéäãÄÑõ ÄäÄÑÖåàà çÄìä, 2009, ÚÓÏ 425, ‹ 6, Ò.

843–845

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ÅàéãéÉàü
ìÑä 574.6:574.635

ìëäéêÖçàÖ ëçàÜÖçàü äéçñÖçíêÄñàà
èéÇÖêïçéëíçé-ÄäíàÇçéÉé ÇÖôÖëíÇÄ Ç ÇéÑÖ åàäêéäéëåÄ
Ç èêàëìíëíÇàà êÄëíÖçàâ:
àççéÇÄñàà Ñãü îàíéíÖïçéãéÉàà
© 2009 „. Ö. Ç. ã‡Á‡‚‡, ë. Ä. éÒÚÓÛÏÓ‚
è‰ÒÚ‡‚ÎÂÌÓ ‡Í‡‰ÂÏËÍÓÏ É.Ç. ÑÓ·Ó‚ÓθÒÍËÏ 26.09.2008 „.
èÓÒÚÛÔËÎÓ 01.10.2008 „.

èÓ‚ÂıÌÓÒÚÌÓ-‡ÍÚË‚Ì˚ ‚¢ÂÒÚ‚‡ (èÄÇ) –
‚‡Ê̇fl „ÛÔÔ‡ ÔÓÎβڇÌÚÓ‚, ӷ·‰‡˛˘Ëı ÏÂÏ·‡ÌÓÚÓÔÌ˚Ï ‰ÂÈÒÚ‚ËÂÏ [1, 2].
Ç˚үˠ‡ÒÚÂÌËfl, ‚ ÚÓÏ ˜ËÒΠ‚Ó‰Ì˚Â, ËÒÔÓθÁÛ˛ÚÒfl Í‡Í ÓÒÌÓ‚‡ ‰Îfl ÙËÚÓÚÂıÌÓÎÓ„ËÈ Ó˜Ë˘ÂÌËfl
Ë ÂωˇˆËË ÔËÓ‰ÌÓÈ Ò‰˚, Á‡„flÁÌÂÌÌÓÈ
‡Á΢Ì˚ÏË ÔÓÎβڇÌÚ‡ÏË [3]. ÇÓ‰Ì˚ ‡ÒÚÂÌËfl
(χÍÓÙËÚ˚) ÏÓ„ÛÚ ‚˚ÒÚÛÔ‡Ú¸ Í‡Í Ù‡ÍÚÓ˚ Ó˜Ë˘ÂÌËfl ‚Ó‰˚, fl‚ÎflflÒ¸ ‚‡ÊÌÓÈ ˜‡ÒÚ¸˛ ÔËÓ‰ÌÓÈ
ÒËÒÚÂÏ˚ Ò‡ÏÓÓ˜Ë˘ÂÌËfl ‚Ó‰˚, ÔӇ̇ÎËÁËÓ‚‡ÌÌÓÈ ‚ ‡·ÓÚ‡ı [1, 2] Ë ‰.
ê‡Ì ̇¯ÂÈ ËÒÒΉӂ‡ÚÂθÒÍÓÈ „ÛÔÔÓÈ ·˚ÎË
‚˚fl‚ÎÂÌ˚ ‰ÓÔÛÒÚËÏ˚ ÂÊËÏ˚ ‰ÎËÚÂθÌ˚ı ̇„ÛÁÓÍ ÒËÌÚÂÚ˘ÂÒÍÓ„Ó ÔÓ‚ÂıÌÓÒÚÌÓ-‡ÍÚË‚ÌÓ„Ó
‚¢ÂÒÚ‚‡ ‰Ó‰ÂˆËÎÒÛθهڇ ̇ÚËfl (SDS) ̇ ÌÂÒÍÓθÍÓ ‚ˉӂ ‚Ó‰Ì˚ı ‡ÒÚÂÌËÈ, ‚Íβ˜‡fl χÍÓÙËÚ OST1, ˜ÚÓ ‡ÒÒχÚË‚‡ÂÚÒfl Í‡Í ÓÒÌÓ‚‡ ‰Îfl
ÙËÚÓÚÂıÌÓÎÓ„ËË Ó˜Ë˘ÂÌËfl ‚Ó‰, ÒÓ‰Âʇ˘Ëı ˝ÚÓ
‚¢ÂÒÚ‚Ó ËÁ Í·ÒÒ‡ ‡ÎÍËÎÒÛθهÚÓ‚.
é‰Ì‡ÍÓ Ô‰ÒÚ‡‚ÎflÎÓ ËÌÚÂÂÒ ÔÓÎÛ˜ËÚ¸ ‰Ó͇Á‡ÚÂθÒÚ‚‡ ÚÓ„Ó, ˜ÚÓ ‚ ÔËÒÛÚÒÚ‚ËË Ï‡ÍÓÙËÚ‡
‰ÂÈÒÚ‚ËÚÂθÌÓ ÔÓËÒıÓ‰ËÚ ËÁÏÂÌÂÌË ıËÏ˘ÂÒÍÓ„Ó ÒÓÒÚ‡‚‡ ‚Ó‰˚ Ë ÒÌËÊÂÌË ÍÓ̈ÂÌÚ‡ˆËË ÔÓÎβڇÌÚ‡. àÁÏÂÂÌË ‚Â΢ËÌ˚ ÔÓ‚ÂıÌÓÒÚÌÓ„Ó
̇ÚflÊÂÌËfl ‚Ó‰˚ ÔÓÁ‚ÓÎflÂÚ ÔÓÒΉËÚ¸ Á‡ ÒÛ‰¸·ÓÈ
‰Ó·‡‚ÎÂÌÌÓ„Ó ‚ ‚Ó‰Û èÄÇ. ꇷӘ‡fl „ËÔÓÚÂÁ‡ ÒÓÒÚÓËÚ ‚ ÚÓÏ, ˜ÚÓ Ï‡ÍÓÙËÚ ÒÔÓÒÓ·ÒÚ‚ÛÂÚ ÛÏÂ̸¯ÂÌ˲ ÍÓ̈ÂÌÚ‡ˆËË èÄÇ ‚ ‚Ó‰Â Ë ‚ ˝ÚÓÏ ÒÎÛ˜‡Â
ÔÓÒΠ‰Ó·‡‚ÍË èÄÇ ‚ ˝ÍÒÔÂËÏÂÌڇθÌ˚ ÏËÍÓÍÓÒÏ˚ Ò Ï‡ÍÓÙËÚÓÏ ‚ÓÁÌË͇ÂÚ ÒÎÂ‰Û˛˘‡fl ÒËÚÛ‡ˆËfl. Ç̇˜‡Î ÔÓÒÚÛÔÎÂÌË ‚ ‚Ó‰Û ‰Ó·‡‚ÎÂÌÌÓ„Ó
èÄÇ ‚˚Á˚‚‡ÂÚ ÌÂωÎÂÌÌÓ ÒÌËÊÂÌË ÔÓ‚ÂıÌÓÒÚÌÓ„Ó Ì‡ÚflÊÂÌËfl ‚Ó‰˚. èÓÒÎÂ‰Û˛˘Â ÔÓÒÚÂÔÂÌÌÓ ÛÏÂ̸¯ÂÌË ÍÓ̈ÂÌÚ‡ˆËË ‰Ó·‡‚ÎÂÌÌÓ„Ó
èÄÇ Ó·ÛÒÎÓ‚ÎË‚‡ÂÚ Ô·‚Ì˚È ‚ÓÁ‚‡Ú Í ÌÓχθÌÓÏÛ ÛÓ‚Ì˛ ÔÓ‚ÂıÌÓÒÚÌÓ„Ó Ì‡ÚflÊÂÌËfl (ÒÌËÊÂÌÌÓ ÔÓ‰ ‰ÂÈÒÚ‚ËÂÏ èÄÇ ÔÓ‚ÂıÌÓÒÚÌÓ ̇Úfl-

åÓÒÍÓ‚ÒÍËÈ „ÓÒÛ‰‡ÒÚ‚ÂÌÌ˚È ÛÌË‚ÂÒËÚÂÚ
ËÏ. å.Ç. ãÓÏÓÌÓÒÓ‚‡

ÊÂÌË ‚ÓÒÒڇ̇‚ÎË‚‡ÂÚÒfl ‰Ó ÛÓ‚Ìfl, ı‡‡ÍÚÂÌÓ„Ó ‰Îfl ˜ËÒÚÓÈ ‚Ó‰˚). í‡ÍËÏ Ó·‡ÁÓÏ, ÂÒÎË ‚
ÔËÒÛÚÒÚ‚ËË Ï‡ÍÓÙËÚ‡ ÍÓ̈ÂÌÚ‡ˆËfl ‰Ó·‡‚ÎÂÌÌÓ„Ó ‚ ÒËÒÚÂÏÛ èÄÇ ÒÌËʇÂÚÒfl, ÚÓ ‚ ˝ÍÒÔÂËÏÂÌÚ ‰ÓÎÊÌÓ Ì‡·Î˛‰‡Ú¸Òfl ÔÓÒÚÂÔÂÌÌÓ ÔÓ‚˚¯ÂÌËÂ
ÔÓ‚ÂıÌÓÒÚÌÓ„Ó Ì‡ÚflÊÂÌËfl ‰Ó ‚Â΢ËÌ˚, ı‡‡ÍÚÂÌÓÈ ‰Îfl ˜ËÒÚÓÈ ‚Ó‰˚.
ñÂθ˛ ‰‡ÌÌÓÈ ‡·ÓÚ˚ ·˚ÎÓ ÔÓ‰Ú‚Â‰ËÚ¸ „ËÔÓÚÂÁÛ Ó ÚÓÏ, ˜ÚÓ ‚ ÔËÒÛÚÒÚ‚ËË Ï‡ÍÓÙËÚÓ‚ ÏÓÊÂÚ ÛÒÍÓflÚ¸Òfl ÔÓˆÂÒÒ ÔÓÒÚÂÔÂÌÌÓ„Ó ‚ÓÒÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚ÎÂÌËfl ‚Â΢ËÌ˚ ÔÓ‚ÂıÌÓÒÚÌÓ„Ó Ì‡ÚflÊÂÌËfl ‚Ó‰˚
ÔÓÒΠ̇˜‡Î¸ÌÓ„Ó ÂÁÍÓ„Ó ÒÌËÊÂÌËfl, ‚˚Á‚‡ÌÌÓ„Ó
ÔÓÒÚÛÔÎÂÌËÂÏ ‚ ‚Ó‰Û èÄÇ ‰Ó‰ÂˆËÎÒÛθهڇ ̇ÚËfl.
åÂÚÓ‰Ë͇ ˝ÍÒÔÂËÏÂÌÚ‡
Ç ÓÔ˚Ú‡ı ËÒÔÓθÁÓ‚‡ÎË Ï‡ÍÓÙËÚ˚, ÍÓÚÓ˚Â
ıÓÓ¯Ó Á‡ÂÍÓÏẨӂ‡ÎË Ò·fl ‚ ‡Ì Ôӂ‰ÂÌÌ˚ı ˝ÍÒÔÂËÏÂÌÚ‡ı Ë ÔÓfl‚ÎflÎË ‰ÓÒÚ‡ÚÓ˜ÌÓ ‚˚ÒÓÍÛ˛ ÊËÁÌÂÒÔÓÒÓ·ÌÓÒÚ¸ Ë ÛÒÚÓȘ˂ÓÒÚ¸ ‚ ÛÒÎÓ‚Ëflı ‚ÓÁ‰ÂÈÒÚ‚Ëfl èÄÇ (·ÓΠÔÓ‰Ó·ÌÓ ÓÔËÒ‡ÌËÂ Ë ı‡‡ÍÚÂËÒÚË͇ ËÒÔÓθÁÓ‚‡ÌÌ˚ı ‚Ó‰Ì˚ı
‡ÒÚÂÌËÈ „ÓÚÓ‚flÚÒfl Í Ô˜‡ÚË). Ç Ô·ÒÚËÍÓ‚˚ ÒÓÒÛ‰˚ ÂÏÍÓÒÚ¸˛ 1.5 Î ÔÓÏ¢‡ÎË ÔÓ 1 Î ÓÚÒÚÓÂÌÌÓÈ
‚Ó‰ÓÔÓ‚Ó‰ÌÓÈ ‚Ó‰˚. Ç ÒÓÒÛ‰˚ 2, 3, 4 Ë 4Ä ‰Ó·‡‚ÎflÎË ÔÓ 3 ÏÎ ‡ÒÚ‚Ó‡ SDS (ÍÓ̈ÂÌÚ‡ˆËÂÈ 2 „/Î).
í‡ÍËÏ Ó·‡ÁÓÏ, ‰Ó·‡‚ÎflÎË ÔÓ 6 Ï„ èÄÇ ‚ ͇ʉ˚È
ÒÓÒÛ‰. (ÑÓ·‡‚ÎÂÌË SDS ‚ ÏÂ̸¯ÂÈ ÍÓ̈ÂÌÚ‡ˆËË –
0.4 Ï„/Î Ì ÔÓÁ‚ÓÎËÎÓ ‚˚fl‚ËÚ¸ ͇ÍËı-ÎË·Ó Á‡ÏÂÚÌ˚ı ËÁÏÂÌÂÌËÈ, Ú‡Í Í‡Í ËÁÏÂÂÌËfl ̇ıÓ‰ËÎËÒ¸ ̇
Ô‰ÂΠ˜Û‚ÒÚ‚ËÚÂθÌÓÒÚË ÏÂÚÓ‰‡). íÂÏÔÂ‡ÚÛ‡
‚ ̇˜‡Î ÓÔ˚Ú‡ 23°C.
Ç ÒÓÒÛ‰˚ 4 Ë 4Ä, ÍÓÏ ‰Ó·‡‚ÎÂÌËfl ‡ÒÚ‚Ó‡
SDS ‚ ÚÓÈ Ê ÍÓ̈ÂÌÚ‡ˆËË, Í‡Í Ë ‚ ÒÓÒÛ‰˚ 2 Ë 3,
ÔÓÏ¢‡ÎË ÊË‚Û˛ ÙËÚÓχÒÒÛ Ï‡ÍÓÙËÚ‡ OST1 (3 „
Ò˚ÓÈ ·ËÓχÒÒ˚). Ç 5-È ÒÓÒÛ‰ ÔÓÏ¢‡ÎË ÙËÚÓχÒÒÛ Ï‡ÍÓÙËÚ‡ OST1 ·ÂÁ ‰Ó·‡‚ÎÂÌËfl SDS. ëÓÒÛ‰˚ ‚˚‰ÂÊË‚‡ÎË ÔË ÍÓÏ̇ÚÌÓÈ ÚÂÏÔÂ‡ÚÛ Ë
ÔÂËӉ˘ÂÒÍÓÏ ÓÒ‚Â˘ÂÌËË Î‡ÏÔ‡ÏË ‰Ì‚ÌÓ„Ó Ò‚ÂÚ‡ (8 ˜ ‚ ÒÛÚÍË). óÂÂÁ ÓÔ‰ÂÎÂÌÌÓ ‚ÂÏfl ËÁ ÒÓÒÛ‰Ó‚ ÓÚ·Ë‡ÎË ÍÓ΢ÂÒÚ‚Ó ‚Ó‰˚, Ú·ÛÂÏÓ ‰Îfl

843

844

ã‡Á‡‚‡, éÒÚÓÛÏÓ‚

퇷Îˈ‡ 1. ÇÎËflÌË χÍÓÙËÚ‡ OST1 ̇ ËÁÏÂÌÂÌË ÔÓ‚ÂıÌÓÒÚÌÓ„Ó Ì‡ÚflÊÂÌËfl ‡ÒÚ‚ÓÓ‚ SDS (Ïç/Ï)
ÇÂÏfl ˝ÍÒÔÓÁˈËË, ˜ (‚ ÒÍӷ͇ı – ÚÂÏÔÂ‡ÚÛ‡, °C)


ÓÔ˚Ú‡

LJˇÌÚ ÓÔ˚Ú‡

1
2
3
4
4A
5

äÓÌÚÓθ (H2O‰ËÒÚ)
SDS
SDS
SDS + OST1
SDS + OST1
OST1 (·ÂÁ SDS)

0.3 (24) 0.8 (24) 1.3 (24) 22.3 (24) 46 (23) 70 (23) 142 (24) 238 (24) 406 (24) 646 (25)
72.18
68.59
68.59
68.59
69.24
72.18

72.18
69.24
69.24
69.89
69.89
72.18

72.18
68.92
68.92
69.57
69.24
72.18

72.18
68.92
68.92
69.57
69.24
72.18

ËÁÏÂÂÌËfl ÔÓ‚ÂıÌÓÒÚÌÓ„Ó Ì‡ÚflÊÂÌËfl. èÓ‚ÂıÌÓÒÚÌÓ ̇ÚflÊÂÌË ËÁÏÂËÎË ÏÂÚÓ‰ÓÏ ÇËθ„ÂθÏË (ÏÂÚÓ‰ ÓÚ˚‚‡ Ô·ÒÚËÌÍË [4]). ùÚÓÚ ÏÂÚÓ‰ ¯ËÓÍÓ ÔËÏÂÌflÂÚÒfl ̇ Ô‡ÍÚËÍ ‰Îfl ı‡‡ÍÚÂËÒÚËÍË ÔÓ‚ÂıÌÓÒÚÌÓ„Ó Ì‡ÚflÊÂÌËfl ‚Ó‰, ÒÓ‰Âʇ˘Ëı
‡Á΢Ì˚ ÔËÏÂÒË [4]. êÂÁÛθڇÚ˚ ËÁÏÂÂÌËÈ
ÔÓ‚ÂıÌÓÒÚÌÓ„Ó Ì‡ÚflÊÂÌËfl ‚ ‡Á΢Ì˚ ÏÓÏÂÌÚ˚
‚ÂÏÂÌË (ÔÓÒΠ˝ÍÒÔÓÁˈËË ‰Ó 646 ˜) Ô‰ÒÚ‡‚ÎÂÌ˚ ‚ Ú‡·Î. 1.
êÂÁÛθڇÚ˚ Ë Ëı Ó·ÒÛʉÂÌËÂ
Ç ÂÁÛθڇÚ Ôӂ‰ÂÌÌ˚ı ËÁÏÂÂÌËÈ ÔÓ͇Á‡ÌÓ, ˜ÚÓ ‚ ÏËÍÓÍÓÒÏÂ Ò Ï‡ÍÓÙËÚÓÏ OST1 ÔÓËÒıÓ‰ËÎÓ ‚ÓÒÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚ÎÂÌË ÔÓ‚ÂıÌÓÒÚÌÓ„Ó Ì‡ÚflÊÂÌËfl ‚Ó‰˚ ‰Ó ÛÓ‚Ìfl, ·ÎËÁÍÓ„Ó Í ‚Â΢ËÌÂ, ı‡‡ÍÚÂÌÓÈ ‰Îfl ˜ËÒÚÓÈ ‚Ó‰˚, ÏÂÌ ˜ÂÏ Á‡ ÚÓ ÒÛÚÓÍ.
ìÊ ˜ÂÂÁ 46 ˜ ËÌÍÛ·‡ˆËË ÒËÒÚÂÏ˚, ÒÓ‰Âʇ˘ÂÈ
ÙËÚÓχÒÒÛ ‡ÒÚÂÌËÈ, ÔÓ‚ÂıÌÓÒÚÌÓ ̇ÚflÊÂÌË ÒÛ˘ÂÒÚ‚ÂÌÌÓ Ì‡‡ÒÚ‡ÂÚ Ë ÔË·ÎËʇÂÚÒfl Í Á̇˜ÂÌ˲
‰ËÒÚËÎÎËÓ‚‡ÌÌÓÈ ‚Ó‰˚, ‚ ÚÓ ‚ÂÏfl Í‡Í ‚ ÍÓÌÚÓÎÂ
(·ÂÁ ÙËÚÓχÒÒ˚ ‡ÒÚÂÌËÈ) Á̇˜ÂÌË ÔÓ‚ÂıÌÓÒÚÌÓ„Ó Ì‡ÚflÊÂÌËfl (68.7 Ïç/Ï) ÓÒÚ‡ÂÚÒfl ·ÎËÁÍËÏ Í ÚÓÏÛ
ÒÌËÊÂÌÌÓÏÛ Á̇˜ÂÌ˲, ÍÓÚÓÓ ̇·Î˛‰‡ÎÓÒ¸ Ò‡ÁÛ
ÔÓÒΠ‰Ó·‡‚ÎÂÌËfl èÄÇ (68.59 Ïç/Ï).
ÇÓÒÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚ÎÂÌË ÔÓ‚ÂıÌÓÒÚÌÓ„Ó Ì‡ÚflÊÂÌËfl
‚Ó‰˚ ‚ ÒÓÒÛ‰‡ı ·ÂÁ ÙËÚÓχÒÒ˚ ‡ÒÚÂÌËÈ ÔÓËÒıÓ‰ËÚ Á‡ Á̇˜ËÚÂθÌÓ ·ÓΠ‰ÎËÚÂθÌ˚È ÔÂËÓ‰ ‚ÂÏÂÌË – ÓÍÓÎÓ 17 ÒÛÚ (Ú‡·Î. 1).
èÓÎÛ˜ÂÌÌ˚ ÂÁÛθڇÚ˚ ÔÓ͇Á‡ÎË, ˜ÚÓ ‚ ÒËÒÚÂχı Ò ‰Ó·‡‚ÎÂÌÌ˚Ï SDS ‚ ÔËÒÛÚÒÚ‚ËË ÙËÚÓχÒÒ˚ χÍÓÙËÚ‡ OST1 ‰ÂÈÒÚ‚ËÚÂθÌÓ ÔÓËÒıÓ‰ËÚ ÛÒÍÓÂÌÌÓ ‚ÓÒÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚ÎÂÌË ÌÓχθÌÓ„Ó
ÛÓ‚Ìfl ÔÓ‚ÂıÌÓÒÚÌÓ„Ó Ì‡ÚflÊÂÌËfl ‰Ó ‚Â΢ËÌ˚,
ı‡‡ÍÚÂÌÓÈ ‰Îfl ˜ËÒÚÓÈ ‚Ó‰˚. ùÚÓ Òӄ·ÒÛÂÚÒfl Ò
Ô‰ÔÓÎÓÊÂÌËÂÏ, ˜ÚÓ ‚ ÔËÒÛÚÒÚ‚ËË Ï‡ÍÓÙËÚ‡
ÛÒÍÓflÂÚÒfl ËÒ˜ÂÁÌÓ‚ÂÌË ËÁ ‚Ó‰˚ èÄÇ.
èÓÎÛ˜ÂÌÌ˚ ÂÁÛθڇÚ˚ fl‚Îfl˛ÚÒfl ÌÓ‚˚Ï ‰Ó͇Á‡ÚÂθÒÚ‚ÓÏ ‚‡ÊÌÓÒÚË ‡ÒÚÂÌËÈ ‚ ÔÓˆÂÒÒ‡ı Ò‡ÏÓÓ˜Ë˘ÂÌËfl ‚Ó‰˚ Ë ‚ÔËÒ˚‚‡˛ÚÒfl ‚ Ô‰ÎÓÊÂÌÌÛ˛ ‡Ì ÍÓ̈ÂÔˆË˛ ÔÓÎËÙÛÌ͈ËÓ̇θÌÓÈ ÓÎË
·ËÓÚ˚ ‚ Ò‡ÏÓÓ˜Ë˘ÂÌË ‚Ó‰ [5–9]. ÅÓΠÔÓÎÌÓÂ
ÔÓÌËχÌË ÓÎË Ó„‡ÌËÁÏÓ‚ ‚ Ó˜Ë˘ÂÌËË Ë ÙÛÌ͈ËÓÌËÓ‚‡ÌËË ‚Ó‰Ì˚ı ˝ÍÓÒËÒÚÂÏ ËÏÂÂÚ Á̇˜ÂÌËÂ

72.28
68.70
68.70
71.30
71.63
72.28

72.28
69.02
69.35
71.16
72.28
72.28

72.18
68.70
69.24
71.92
71.92
72.18

72.18
69.89
70.22
72.18
72.18
72.18

72.18
72.19
72.19
72.49
72.49
72.18

71.97
71.85
71.84
72.29
72.29
72.29

‰Îfl ‰ÂÚ‡ÎËÁ‡ˆËË Û˜ÂÌËfl Ó ·ËÓÒÙÂ [10, 11],
‚Íβ˜‡fl Ô‰ÒÚ‡‚ÎÂÌËfl Ó· ‡ÔÔ‡‡Ú ·ËÓÒÙÂ˚
[12] Ë Ó ÓÎË Ó„‡ÌËÁÏÓ‚ ‰Îfl ÒÚ‡·ËÎËÁ‡ˆËË Ò‰˚.
àÁÛ˜ÂÌË ˝ÚËı ‚ÓÔÓÒÓ‚ ÓÒÚ‡ÂÚÒfl ‚ ÒÔËÒÍ ÔËÓËÚÂÚÌ˚ı Á‡‰‡˜ ˝ÍÓÎÓ„ËË [13] Ë ‚ÌÓÒËÚ ‚Í·‰ ‚
‡Á‡·ÓÚÍÛ Ì‡Û˜ÌÓÈ ÓÒÌÓ‚˚ ÌÓ‚˚ı ÚÂıÌÓÎÓ„ËÈ
Ó˜Ë˘ÂÌËfl ‚Ó‰˚, ÛÒÚÓÈ˜Ë‚Ó„Ó ËÒÔÓθÁÓ‚‡ÌËfl ‚Ó‰Ì˚ı Ë ‚Ó‰ÌÓ-·ËÓÎӄ˘ÂÒÍËı ÂÒÛÒÓ‚, ˝ÍÓÎÓ„ËÁ‡ˆËË ˝ÍÓÌÓÏËÍË Ë ÓÒÌÓ‚Ì˚ı ÒÙÂ ÊËÁÌË Ó·˘ÂÒÚ‚‡
[14, 15], ˜ÚÓ fl‚ÎflÂÚÒfl Ô‰ÔÓÒ˚ÎÍÓÈ ÛÒÚÓȘ˂ӄÓ
‡Á‚ËÚËfl.
àÚ‡Í, ‚ÔÂ‚˚ ÔÓ͇Á‡ÌÓ, ˜ÚÓ ‚ ÔËÒÛÚÒÚ‚ËË
‚Ó‰Ì˚ı χÍÓÙËÚÓ‚ ÔÓËÒıÓ‰ËÚ ÛÒÍÓÂÌË ÒÌËÊÂÌËfl ÍÓ̈ÂÌÚ‡ˆËË ÒËÌÚÂÚ˘ÂÒÍÓ„Ó èÄÇ ‚ ‚Ó‰ÌÓÈ Ò‰Â. Ç˚fl‚ÎÂÌÌ˚È Ù‡ÍÚ ÏÓÊÂÚ ËÌÚÂÔÂÚËÓ‚‡Ú¸Òfl Í‡Í Ò‚Ë‰ÂÚÂθÒÚ‚Ó ÔÂÒÔÂÍÚË‚ÌÓÒÚË ËÒÔÓθÁÓ‚‡ÌËfl ËÁÛ˜ÂÌÌ˚ı ‚Ó‰Ì˚ı χÍÓÙËÚÓ‚ ‰Îfl
‡Á‡·ÓÚÍË ÙËÚÓÚÂıÌÓÎÓ„ËË Ó˜Ë˘ÂÌËfl ‚Ó‰˚. Ä‚ÚÓ˚ ‚ Ú˜ÂÌË ÌÂÒÍÓθÍËı ÎÂÚ ‚‰ÛÚ ˝ÍÒÔÂËÏÂÌڇθÌ˚ ËÒÒΉӂ‡ÌËfl, ‰‡˛˘Ë ËÌÙÓχˆË˛ Ó
Ô‡‡ÏÂÚ‡ı ÛÒÚÓȘ˂ÓÒÚË ‡ÒÚÂÌËÈ Í ÔÓÎβڇÌÚ‡Ï Ë Ù‡ÍÚÓ‡ı, ‚‡ÊÌ˚ı ‰Îfl ËÒÔÓθÁÓ‚‡ÌËfl ‡ÒÚÂÌËÈ ‰Îfl ËÌÌÓ‚‡ˆËÓÌÌ˚ı ˝ÍÓÚÂıÌÓÎÓ„ËÈ. ùÚË
‡·ÓÚ˚ ·˚ÎË Ì‡˜‡Ú˚ Ò ËÒÔÓθÁÓ‚‡ÌËÂÏ Ì‡ÁÂÏÌ˚ı
‡ÒÚÂÌËÈ Ë Á‡ÚÂÏ ÔÓ‰ÓÎÊÂÌ˚ ̇ ‚Ó‰Ì˚ı χÍÓÙËÚ‡ı (Ú‡·Î. 2).
чÌÌÓ ̇Ô‡‚ÎÂÌË ËÒÒΉӂ‡ÌËÈ ‚‰ÂÚ Í ‡Á‡·ÓÚÍ ÏÂÚÓ‰Ó‚ ÙËÚÓÂωˇˆËË Ë ÙËÚÓÚÂıÌÓÎÓ„ËË Ó˜Ë˘ÂÌËfl ‚Ó‰ ÓÚ ÒËÌÚÂÚ˘ÂÒÍËı èÄÇ, ÍÓÚÓ˚ ÒÓ‰ÂʇÚÒfl ‚ ÒÚÓ˜Ì˚ı ‚Ó‰‡ı ÏÌÓ„Ëı ÚËÔÓ‚ Ë
fl‚Îfl˛ÚÒfl ÓÔ‡ÒÌ˚ÏË Á‡„flÁÌËÚÂÎflÏË Ò‰˚ [1, 6].
Ç˚¯ÂËÁÎÓÊÂÌÌ˚ ÓÔ˚Ú˚ ‚ÌÓÒflÚ ‚Í·‰ ‚ ÔÓÌËχÌË ÓÎË ‡ÒÚÂÌËÈ ‚ ÒÛ‰¸·Â ÔÓÒÚÛÔ‡˛˘Ëı ‚
‚Ó‰Û ÔÓÎβڇÌÚÓ‚ ËÁ Í·ÒÒ‡ ÒËÌÚÂÚ˘ÂÒÍËı èÄÇ.
Ç 2001 „. ‚ ‡·ÓÚ [1] ·˚Î Ò‰ÂÎ‡Ì ÒÎÂ‰Û˛˘ËÈ ‚˚‚Ó‰: “é·Ì‡ÛÊÂÌ̇fl ‚ ̇¯ÂÈ ‡·ÓÚ Ò‡‚ÌËÚÂθÌÓ ‚˚ÒÓ͇fl ÚÓÎÂ‡ÌÚÌÓÒÚ¸ … ‡ÒÚÂÌËÈ Í ÒËÌÚÂÚ˘ÂÒÍËÏ ÔÓ‚ÂıÌÓÒÚÌÓ ‡ÍÚË‚Ì˚Ï ‚¢ÂÒÚ‚‡Ï ÏÓÊÂÚ ·˚Ú¸ ËÒÔÓθÁÓ‚‡Ì‡ ÔË ÙËÚÓÂωˇˆËË”
(ÒÚ. 157). êÂÁÛθڇÚ˚, ÔÓÎÛ˜ÂÌÌ˚ ‚ ÓÔ˚Ú‡ı,
ÓÔËÒ‡ÌÌ˚ı ‚ ‰‡ÌÌÓÈ ÔÛ·ÎË͇ˆËË, ÔÓ‰Ú‚Âʉ‡˛Ú
˝ÚÓÚ ‚˚‚Ó‰.
Ç ‰‡ÌÌÓÈ ‡·ÓÚ ÔËÌËχ· Û˜‡ÒÚË ‡ÒÔË‡ÌÚ͇ Ö.Ä. ëÓÎÓÏÓÌÓ‚‡.

ÑéäãÄÑõ ÄäÄÑÖåàà çÄìä      ÚÓÏ 425      ‹ 6    2009

845

ìëäéêÖçàÖ ëçàÜÖçàü äéçñÖçíêÄñàà

퇷Îˈ‡ 2. ê‡ÒÚÂÌËfl (‚Ó‰Ì˚Â Ë Ì‡ÁÂÏÌ˚ χÍÓÙËÚ˚), ËÁÛ˜ÂÌÌ˚ ‚ ˝ÍÒÔÂËÏÂÌڇθÌ˚ı ÒËÒÚÂχı, ÒÓ‰Âʇ˘Ëı
Á‡„flÁÌfl˛˘Ë ‚¢ÂÒÚ‚‡ (ÔÓÎβڇÌÚ˚)
Çˉ ‡ÒÚÂÌËÈ

èÓÎβڇÌÚ

èËϘ‡ÌËÂ

à̉˂ˉۇθÌ˚ ÔÂÔ‡‡Ú˚ – èÄÇ
Fagopyrum esculentum Moench
SDS, ÒÛθÙÓÌÓÎ; íï100; íÑíåÄ [1, 6]
Cucumis sativus L.
SDS, íÑíåÄ, ˝ÚÓÌËÈ
[1, 6]
Lepidium sativum L.
íï100
[1, 6]
Sinapis alba L.
SDS, ÒÛθÙÓÌÓÎ
[1, 6]
Zea mays L.
SDS
[1, 6]
Elodea canadensis Mchk.,
SDS
[3]; ‚. Ï.
Potamogeton crispus L.,
SDS
[3]; ‚. Ï.
Najas guadelupensis L.
SDS
[3]; ‚. Ï.
Fontinalis antipyretica L.,
SDS
[3]; ‚. Ï.
Salvinia natans L.,
SDS
[3]; ‚. Ï.
Salvinia auriculata Aubl.
SDS
[3]; ‚. Ï.
à̉˂ˉۇθÌ˚ ÔÂÔ‡‡Ú˚ – ÔÂÒÚˈˉ˚ Ë ‰.
Fagopyrum esculentum Moench
ãÓÌÚÂÎ
[1, 6]
Sinapis alba L.
Ñçéä
[1, 6]
Cucumis sativu sL.
ãÓÌÚÂÎ
[1, 6]
Myriophyllum aquaticum (Vell.) Verdc. èÂıÎÓ‡Ú
‚. Ï.; ÌÓ‚˚ ÂÁÛθڇÚ˚ (Ò Û˜‡ÒÚËÂÏ
S. McCutcheon, V.A. Nzengung, D.D. Yifru)
ëÏÂÒ‚˚ ÔÂÔ‡‡Ú˚
Oryza sativa L.
ëåë, èåë
[1, 6]
Fagopyrum esculentum Moench
ëåë, èåë
[1, 6]
Cucumis sativus L.
èåë
[1, 6]
Pistia stratiotes L.
èåë
[1, 6]; ‚. Ï.
Fontinalis antipyretica L.
ëåë
‚. Ï.; ÌÓ‚˚ ÂÁÛθڇÚ˚ (Ò Û˜‡ÒÚËÂÏ
Ö.Ä. ëÓÎÓÏÓÌÓ‚ÓÈ)
èËϘ‡ÌËÂ. íï100 – íËÚÓÌ ï100; íÑíåÄ – ÚÂÚ‡‰ÂˆËÎÚËÏÂÚË·ÏÏÓÌËÈ ·ÓÏˉ; ëåë – ÒËÌÚÂÚ˘ÂÒÍÓ ÏÓ˛˘Â Ò‰ÒÚ‚Ó; èåë – ÔÂÌÓÏÓ˛˘Â Ò‰ÒÚ‚Ó; ‚. Ï. – ‚Ó‰Ì˚ χÍÓÙËÚ˚; Ñçéä – ‰ËÌËÚÓÓÚÓÍÂÁÓÎ (2,4-‰ËÌËÚÓ-6-ÏÂÚËÎÙÂÌÓÎ).

Ä‚ÚÓ˚ ·Î‡„Ó‰‡flÚ ÒÓÚÛ‰ÌËÍÓ‚ åÉì ËÏ.
å.Ç. ãÓÏÓÌÓÒÓ‚‡ Á‡ ÒÓ‰ÂÈÒÚ‚Ë ‚ ‚˚ÔÓÎÌÂÌËË
ÓÔ˚ÚÓ‚.
ëèàëéä ãàíÖêÄíìêõ
1. éÒÚÓÛÏÓ‚ ë.Ä. ÅËÓÎӄ˘ÂÒÍË ˝ÙÙÂÍÚ˚ ÔË
‚ÓÁ‰ÂÈÒÚ‚ËË ÔÓ‚ÂıÌÓÒÚÌÓ-‡ÍÚË‚Ì˚ı ‚¢ÂÒÚ‚ ̇
Ó„‡ÌËÁÏ˚. å.: åÄäë-èÂÒÒ, 2001. 334 Ò.
2. éÒÚÓÛÏÓ‚ ë.Ä. // ÑÄç. 2004. í. 396. ‹ 1. ë. 136–
141.
3. ëÓÎÓÏÓÌÓ‚‡ Ö.Ä., éÒÚÓÛÏÓ‚ ë.Ä. // ÇÓ‰. ıÓÁ-‚Ó
êÓÒÒËË. 2006. ‹ 6. ë. 32–39.
4. ôÛÍËÌ Ö.Ñ. äÓÎÎÓˉ̇fl ıËÏËfl. å.: Ç˚Ò¯. ¯Í.,
2006. 444 Ò.
5. Ostroumov S.A. // Riv. biol. 1998. V. 91. ‹ 2. P. 221–
232.
6. Ostroumov S.A. Biological Effects of Surfactants. Boca
Raton; L.; N.Y.: CRC Press; Taylor & Francis, 2006.
279 p.

7. Ostroumov S.A. // Hydrobiologia. 2002. V. 469. ‹ 1/3.
P. 117–129.
8. Ostroumov S.A. // Hydrobiologia. 2002. V. 469. ‹ 1/3.
P. 203–204.
9. Ostroumov S.A. // Riv. biol. 2004. V. 97. P. 39–50.
10. ÑÓ·Ó‚ÓθÒÍËÈ É.Ç. // ùÍÓÎ. ıËÏËfl. 2007. í. 16.
‹ 3. ë. 135–143.
11. ÑÓ·Ó‚ÓθÒÍËÈ É.Ç. // ÇÓ‰‡: ÚÂıÌÓÎÓ„Ëfl Ë ˝ÍÓÎÓ„Ëfl. 2007. ‹ 1. ë. 63–68.
12. Kapitsa A.P. // Environ. Ecol. and Safety of Life Activity. 2007. ‹ 1(37). P. 68–71.
13. Ostroumov S.A., Dodson S., Hamilton D. et al. // Riv. biol. 2003. V. 96. P. 327–332.
14. Yablokov A.V., Ostroumov S.A. Conservation of Living
Nature and Resources: Problems, Trends, Prospects.
B.: Springer, 1991. 272 p.
15. ü·ÎÓÍÓ‚ Ä.Ç., éÒÚÓÛÏÓ‚ ë.Ä. ìÓ‚ÌË Óı‡Ì˚
ÊË‚ÓÈ ÔËÓ‰˚. å.: ç‡Û͇, 1985. 176 Ò.

ÑéäãÄÑõ ÄäÄÑÖåàà çÄìä      ÚÓÏ 425      ‹ 6    2009