SCIENCE 6 Lourdes School of Mandaluyong 1st Trimester Exam Reviewer – Answer Key Identify the laboratory apparatus being

described. Write your answer in the blank before each number. Erlenmeyer flask 1. It is used to heat and store liquids. Its bottom is wider than the top to make heating faster. Platform balance 2. It is a type of scale with two platforms to hold objects to be weighed. Beaker 3. It can be used to hold and heat liquids. It can also be used in mixing one component to another. Funnel 4. It is used to prevent spillage and make transferring powders and liquids from one container to another easier. Bunsen burner 5. It is used to heat up items in the laboratory. It gives off a small flame that can be adjusted. Test tube 6. It is a basic container in the laboratory. It is small and can hold a small amount of liquid. It can also be used in heating. Crucible 7. It is used to heat small quantities at high temperatures. Mortar and pestle 8. These are used in crushing solids into powder. Pipet 9. It is used to move small amounts of liquids from place to place. It is usually disposable and made of plastic. Ring stand 10. It is used to hold items being heated. Stirring rod 11. It is made of glass and is used to stir mixtures. Graduated cylinder 12. It is used to accurately measure the volume of liquids. Wire gauze 13. It is used to support a container (beaker/flask) during heating. Test tube rack 14. It is used to hold test tubes during an experiment or during storage. Thermometer 15. It is used to take temperature of solids, liquids, and gases. Read each sentence and identify the scientific attitude being described. Write only the letter of your answer. A. B. C. D. E. Careful judgment Creativity Critical mindedness Curiosity Humility F. G. H. I. J. Intellectual honesty Objectivity Patience Resourcefulness Rationality

D 16. Scientists never stop learning. They want to know the why and how of things. J 17. Scientists do not believe in superstitions. Facts and statements should be supported by proofs. E 18. Scientists do not belittle others and boast about their achievements. A 19. Scientists base their conclusions on facts and reliable information. G 20. Scientists’ interpretations are based on actual observation and experiments. H 21. Scientists can spend time or days to finish a task to get accurate results.
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C 22. Scientists are willing to evaluate evidences presented in support of a conclusion. B 23. Scientists are sensitive to problems. They can generate new and original ideas. I 24. Scientists can find alternative materials for their experiments. F 25. Scientists give reports truthfully and acknowledge their sources of information. Write True if the sentence is true. If it is false, correct the underlined word by writing your answer on the blank. True 26. Inferring is the process of giving logical meaning to an observation. It is a tentative explanation given on observation. Problem 27. A hypothesis is a scientific question that can be answered by gathering evidences. Hypothesis 28. A problem is a tentative answer or explanation of something that needs to be proven through scientific investigation. True 29. The conditions or factors that affect the results of an experiment are called variables. Controlled 30. A factor that is kept the same in an experiment is called variable manipulated variable. True 31. Testing hypotheses is done by experimentation. True 32. Data are pieces of information gathered from the experiment. True 33. A conclusion is a statement that answers the problem based on the interpretation of observation. Albert Einstein 34. Sir Isaac Newton is the scientist known for the Theory of Relativity. True 35. Thomas Edison invented the electric light bulb. Airplane 36. The Wright Brothers, Orville and Wilbur, invented the microwave oven. True 37. Dra. Fe Del Mundo invented an improvised incubator that helped babies in the barrios. True 38. Alexander Fleming invented penicillin. Agapito Flores 39. Pedro Flores was a Filipino scientist who was said to have invented the first fluorescent lamp. True 40. Nicholas Copernicus is regarded as the founder of modern astronomy. Encircle the letter of your answer. 41. It is the jelly-like part of the cell where chemical reactions, such as respiration, take place. B a. nucleus c. cell wall b. cytoplasm d. cell membrane 42. It is the thick layer of the cell that gives it a regular shape. C a. nucleus c. cell wall b. cytoplasm d. cell membrane 43. It is the part of the cell that controls all cellular activities. A a. nucleus c. cell wall b. cytoplasm d. cell membrane 44. It is the thin layer of the cell that allows substances to enter and exit. D a. nucleus c. cell wall b. cytoplasm d. cell membrane 45. It is the organ system that supports the body and gives it shape. B a. digestive system c. respiratory system b. skeletal system d. excretory system

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46. It is the organ system that enables the body to move and maintain posture. B a. Urinary system c. Circulatory system b. Muscular system d. Nervous system 47. It is the organ system that transmits signals between the brain and different parts of the body. D a. Urinary system c. Circulatory system b. Muscular system d. Nervous system 48. It is the organ system that is responsible for the exchange of gases within the body. C a. Digestive system c. Respiratory system b. Skeletal system d. Excretory system 49. It is the organ system that that makes it possible for the body to produce an offspring. B a. Nervous system c. Circulatory system b. Reproductive system d. Endocrine system 50. It is the organ system that is responsible for the removal of wastes from the body. C a. Digestive system c. Excretory system b. Urinary system d. Endocrine system 51. These are responsible for receiving used blood coming from all the parts of the body. B a. valves c. plasma b. atria d. ventricles 52. These are the pumping chambers of the heart. D a. valves c. plasma b. atria d. ventricles 53. These are overlapping layers of muscles that allow blood to flow only in one direction. A a. valves c. plasma b. atria d. ventricles 54. At rest, the average heartbeat is ____ times per minute. C a. 40-80 c. 60-100 b. 50-90 d. 70-110 55. Blood is composed of 55% of a liquid part called ____. D a. red blood cells c. platelets b. white blood cells d. plasma Fill in the blanks. Choose your answer from the list below. o o o o o o vena cava 66 pulse 57 capillaries 67 leukocytes 60 heart 56 lymph nodes 68 o o o o o o platelets 61 aorta 64 arteries 63 blood 58 erythrocytes 59 veins 65 o o o blood vessels 62 systemic circulation 70 pulmonary circulation 69

56. It is the job of the _______________ to pump blood and keep the blood moving throughout the body. 57. The _______________ is the rhythmic stretching of the artery caused by the pressure of the blood within as the ventricles contract. 58. The _______________ transports water, oxygen, nutrients, salts, hormones, and other substances that sustain life. 59. Red blood cells or _______________ transport oxygen and carbon dioxide to and from the cells.

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60. White blood cells or _______________ fight invading bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites that cause infection. 61. _______________are made in the bone marrow and they help stop bleeding. 62. _______________ are the vast network of small tubes that carry blood throughout your body. 63. _______________ are blood vessels with thick walls that carry oxygen-rich blood away from the heart. 64. _______________ is the largest artery. 65. _______________ are thin-walled blood vessels that carry oxygen-poor blood back to the heart. 66. The largest vein is called _______________. 67. _______________ are the smallest blood vessels and it connects arteries to veins. 68. _______________ are masses of tissues composed of many white blood cells that eat up and filter out harmful substances in the lymph. 69. _______________ is the movement of blood from the heart and into the lungs. 70. _______________ is the movement of blood from the heart to the rest of the parts of body. Enumeration. I. Safety guidelines in the science laboratory (71-75): a. Never run or play in the laboratory room. b. Wear safety goggles when you are working with chemicals, open flame, or substances that are harmful to the eyes. c. Turn off heat sources when not in use. d. Check glassware for chips or cracks and do not use them. e. Never handle chemicals with your bare hands.

II. Four main types of tissues (76-79): a. Epithelial b. Connective c. Muscle d. Nerve III. Type of muscle tissues (80-82): a. Skeletal b. Cardiac c. smooth IV. Major parts of the circulatory system (83-85) a. Heart b. Blood c. Blood vessels V. Chambers of the heart (86-89) a. Left atrium b. Right atrium c. Left ventricle d. Right ventricle VI. Components of the blood (90-93): a. Red blood cells (RBC) b. White blood cells (WBC) c. Platelets
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d. Plasma VII. Kinds of blood protein (94-97) a. Albumin b. Fibrinogen c. Prothrombin d. Gamma globulin VIII. Types of blood vessels (98-100) a. Arteries b. Veins c. Capillaries

IX. Functions of the lymphatic system (101-103) a. Absorbs fats from the intestines to the blood stream. b. Removes and destroys toxic substances. c. Prevents the spread of diseases throughout the body. X. Ways to keep the circulatory system healthy. (104-108) a. Exercise regularly. b. Eat a well-balanced, low-fat diet. c. Live in a clean environment. d. Avoid smoking cigarettes or staying with smokers. e. Have a positive outlook in life. Complete the tables below. DISEASE 109. Aneurysm SYMPTOMS Slight shortness of breath, chest pain, swelling of the arm or the face and neck. Chest pains that result to difficulty in breathing. CAUSES Bulging aorta/artery caused by weakened walls and high blood pressure. Insufficient oxygen reaching the heart muscle because of narrowing or obstruction of the coronary artery. Hardening of the arteries because of cholesterol deposits. An immature blood cell called the progenitor cell divides uncontrollably and becomes cancerous. Lack of blood flow to the brain caused by a blood clot in one of the arteries or a ruptured artery. The opening between the right and left atria or right and left ventricles remain open after birth.

110. Angina pectoris

111. Arteriosclerosis

112. Leukemia

Chest pains and shortness of breath, severe leg pain, and high blood pressure. Pale skin, fatigue, shortness of breath, nosebleeds, and bruises. Paralysis on one or both sides of the body and may result in sudden death or permanent brain damage. Bluish tinge of the skin due to insufficient supply of oxygen.

113. Stroke

114. Congenital Heart Disease or Blue Baby Syndrome

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115. Hypertension or high blood pressure

116. Congestive heart failure

117. Iron-deficiency anemia

Dizziness, headache, and a ringing sensation in the ears. Blood pressure is higher than normal. Weakness, lack of endurance, dull pain in the legs, palpitation, and swelling of the ankles. Fatigue, faintness, palpitation, shortness of breath, and headache.

Blood vessels narrow causing the heart to pump harder than normal. The hurt muscles are weak and are unable to pump enough blood to the body

118. Sickle-cell anemia

119. Hemophilia

120. Polycythemia

121. Purpura

The bone marrow fails to produce sufficient red blood cells because of insufficient iron in the body. Severe infection and Abnormal hemoglobin in the damage to the major organs, blood carries disc-shaped Unexplained back pain, red blood cells to deform chest pain, and abdominal into sickle shapes. pain. Inability of blood to clot even Insufficiency or lack of blood from minor injuries. proteins called clotting factors. Headache, dizziness, fainting The blood contains an spells, unusual itchiness after abnormally large number of taking a bath, frequent red blood cells causing it to nosebleeds, and swelling of thicken and block small the ankle. blood vessels. Small patchy hemorrhages Toxic or chemical injury to on the skin. blood vessels due to a low platelet count.

122-125. BLOOD TYPE A B AB O

CAN DONATE TO A, AB B, AB AB All

CAN RECEIVE FROM O, A B, O All O

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