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is a remote town in Mindanao under the missionary jurisdiction of the Jesuits. It is in the province of Zamboanga del Norte, Philippines.
four-year exile in Dapitan was unexciting but productive and idyllic. When he reached Dapitan, he found it a sleepy little town, but soon it became wide awake. On Sept. 1892, he won in a lottery and he used the money to purchase a 16-hectare agricultural land along the coast of Talisay which is now known as Rizal Shrine.
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this land, he built three houses- all made of bamboo, wood, and nipa.
The first house which was square in shape was his home. The second house was the living quarters of his pupils with eight sides (octagonal). And the third house was the barn where he kept his chickens and had six sides (hexagonal).
CASA CUADRADA .Rizal’s Home together with members of his family who came to visit him.
CASA REDONDA .An octagonal dwelling which served as a dormitory to some of his pupils. It was later converted to a clinic and it was here where George Taufer. the foster father of Josephine Bracken was operated on his eyes.
This small hexagonal hut was utilized as Rizal’s chicken coop. CASA REDONDA PEQUEÑA .
.Talisay He built his house by the seashore of Talisay. Members of his family took turns visiting him to assuage his loneliness. surrounded by fruit trees.
father. painter.Talisay He spent his lonely but productive and altruistic life for four years in banishment working as a rural physician. composer. merchant. poet. inventor. linguist. teacher. sculptor. biologist. aside from being a lover. surveyor. grammarian. farmer. architect. archaeologist. environmentalist. and brother to all Dapitanons. .
MI RETIRO ROCK .It is a natural heart shaped rock so called because it was here where our national hero is known to have scribbled beautiful verses of his famous poem “Mi Retiro (A Mi Madre)” which translates to “My Retreat (For my Mother) and “Himno a Talisay” which translates to “Hail to Talisay”. He also spent many hours watching the sunset here.
Wins in Manila Lotterry September 21. 1892 .
bringing a brass band.Wins in Manila Lottery On September 21. ordered the town folks to gather at the shore. hastily dressed in gala uniform. . and himself rushed there. thinking that a high Spanish official was coming. The mail boat Butuan was approaching the town. 1892. with colored pennants flying in the sea breezes. the sleepy town of Dapitan burst in hectic excitement. Captain Carnicero.
9736 jointly owned by Captain Carnicero. Butuan.Wins in Manila Lottery The mail boat. Rizal. and Francisco Equilor (Spanish resident of Dipolog. brought no Spanish officials but the happy tidings that the Lottery Ticket No. Dr. a neighboring town of Dapitan) won the second prize of P20. 000 in the government-owned Manila Lottery. .
200. Rizal's winning in the Manila Lottery reveals an aspect of his lighter side. .00 to his father and PHP200.Wins in Manila Lottery Rizal's share of the winning lottery ticket was PHP6. 000. Upon receiving this sum.00 to his friend Basa in Hong Kong. he gave PHP2.00.
bought lands and built houses in Talisay which is now popularly known as the Rizal Shrine. . He invested the remaining money in business. Lottery was only Rizal’s vice. but he was a lottery addict.Wins in Manila Lottery He never drank hard liquor and never smoked.
Rizal’s Scientific Activities while in Exile 1892 .1896 .
some rich patients who paid him handsomely for his surgical skill.As a Physician Rizal practiced medicine in Dapitan. Marquez. . he wrote: “Here the people are so poor that I have even to give medicine gratis. but most of them were so poor that he even gave them free medicine. To his friend in Hong Kong.” He had. Dr. however. He had many patients.
As a Physician Rizal practiced medicine in Dapitan. however. Marquez. but most of them were so poor that he even gave them free medicine. . To his friend in Hong Kong.” He had. he wrote: “Here the people are so poor that I have even to give medicine gratis. Dr. some rich patients who paid him handsomely for his surgical skill. He had many patients.
and even from Hong Kong. and paid Rizal a cargo of sugar. Don Florencio Azcarraga – a rich haciendero of Aklan. . he paid P3000. and highly gratified by the restoration of his sight. Panay. Bohol. Rizal’s frame as a physician. particularly as an eye specialist. He had many patients who came from different parts of the Philippines – from Luzon. 2.As a Physician In August 1893 his mother and sister (Maria) arrived in Dapitan and lived with him for one year and a half. The operation was successful. Negros and Mindanao. was also cured by eye ailment. He operated on his mother’s right eye. spread far and wide. A rich Filipino patients namely: 1. Don Ignacio Tumarong – was able to see again because of Rizal’s ophthalmic skill. Cebu.
He studied the medicinal plants of the Philippines and their curative values.As a Physician As a Physician. . Rizal became interested in local medicine and in the use of medicinal plants.
Going back to his academic life. .As an Engineer Rizal applied his knowledge through the waterworks system he constructed in Dapitan. Rizal obtained the title of expert surveyor (perito agrimensor) from the Ateneo Municipal.
H. .F. praised Rizal's engineering. he widened his knowledge by reading engineering-related books.As an Engineer From his practical knowledge as agrimensor. Mr. Cameron. he successfully provided a good water system in the province. An American engineer. despite the inadequacy of tools at hand. As a result.
A pool of water that compromise Rizal’s aqueduct that supplied potable water to Dapitan. a feat of water works engineering well ahead of his time according to modern engineers. TALISAY WATER SYSTEM .
2.Community Works in Dapitan When 1. Aside from constructing the town's first water system. he decided to improve it: To the best of his God-given talents To awaken the civic consciousness of its people. Rizal arrived in Dapitan. he spent many months draining the marshes in order to get rid of malaria that infested Dapitan. .
the P500 which an English patient paid him was used to equip the town with its lighting system. spread malaria. .Community Works in Dapitan As a European-trained physician. This lighting system consisted of coconut oil lamps placed in the dark streets of Dapitan. he knew that the mosquitoes. which thrive in swampy places.
Rizal and Father Sanchez made a huge relief map of Mindanao out of earth. 3. 1. stones and grass. . With the help of his former Jesuit teacher and friend. He jokingly remarked that he would make it nicely so that it could "rival the best in Europe." In front of the church. 2.Community Works in Dapitan Another community project of Rizal was the beautification of Dapitan. Father Sanchez: He remodeled the town plaza in order to enhance its beauty.
2. Rizal and Father Sanchez made a huge relief map of Mindanao out of earth. 1.Community Works in Dapitan Another community project of Rizal was the beautification of Dapitan. . With the help of his former Jesuit teacher and friend. He jokingly remarked that he would make it nicely so that it could "rival the best in Europe. Father Sanchez: He remodeled the town plaza in order to enhance its beauty. stones and grass." In front of the church. 3.
RELIEF MAP OF MINDANAO .One of Rizal’s masterpieces is the map of Mindanao which he perfectly and accurately made without copying from an original map as there aren’t any maps at the time.
.As a Teacher Since boyhood Rizal knew the value of good education. He himself planned to establish a modern college in Hong Kong for Filipino boys so that he could train them in modern pedagogical concepts. During his travels abroad he observed the education system of modern nations. which were then unknown in the Philippines.
fields. and construction projects in the community. Instead of charging them tuition fees. which existed. . In 1893 he established a school.As a Teacher His exile to Dapitan gave him the opportunity to put into practice his education ideas. It began with three pupils and in the course of time the enrolment increased to 16 and that these pupils did not pay any tuition and later to 21. until the end of his exile in July. he made them work in his garden. 1896.
geography. and to "behave-like men. languages (Spanish and English).As a Teacher Rizal taught his boys reading. to love work. industrial work. nature study. history. He trained them how to collect specimens of plants and animals. writing. mathematics (arithmetic and geometry). morals and gymnastics." .
. in English. while the pupils sat on a long bamboo bench.m. the teacher. On one day the lessons were conducted in Spanish. sat on a hammock. 1. 4. the poorest pupil occupied the end of the bench.As a Teacher In Rizal’s school for boys these are follows: Formal classes were conducted between 2:00 p. on the next day. 3.m. Rizal. the best pupil was called "emperor" and he sat at the head of the bench. and 4:00 p. 2. As in the Ateneo.
arnis (native fencing). stone-throwing. Outside the class hours. boxing.As a Teacher During the recess the pupils built fires in the garden to drive away the insects. . and boating. 5. and manure the soil. wrestling. pruned the fruit trees. Rizal encouraged them to play games in order to strengthen their bodies. They had gymnastics. 6. swimming.
Italian. On April 5 1896. Rizal could rank with the world’s great linguists. Subanum. He studied the Bisayan and Subanum languages. made a comparative study of the Bisayan and Malayan languages.Linguistic Studies A born linguist. Portugese. Japanese. Ilokano. Subanum. Catalan. Bisayan. as follows: Tagalog. He knew 22 languages. Latin. Hebrew. 3. He learned the Bisayan. Chinese. Arabic. Greek. English. . By this time. He studied the Bisayan and Subanum languages. Malay. he wrote to Blumentritt. He wrote a tagalog grammar. 2. Swedish and Russian. his last year of exile in Dapitan. Sanskrit. German. French. Dutch. and Malay languages. Spanish. Rizal continued his studies of languages in Dapitan: 1.
. the head of the image was “procured from abroad”. For the sake of economy. He contributed his painting skill to the Sisters of Charity who were preparing the sanctuary of the Holy Virgin in their private chapel.Artistic works in Dapitan Rizal continued his artistic pursuits in Dapitan.
and the serpent’s head. the apple. The three rare species of animal life – the dragon.Artistic works in Dapitan Rizal modeled the right foot of the image. which was painted in oil by an artist Sister under his direction. which he had discovered. Rizal made sketches of persons and things that attracted him in Dapitan. the frog and the beetle. He had sketches of the numerous fishes he caught in Dapitan waters. . He also designed the exquisite curtain.
A statue of a girl called “The Dapitan Girl”. some of his pupils secretly went to Dapitan in a boat from Talisay. by way of avenging her lost puppy. . 3. He then modeled a statuette representing the mother-dog killing the crocodile. A bust of St. A bust of Father Guerrero. a puppy of Syria (Rizal’s dog) tried to follow and was devoured by a crocodile. Other sculptural works of Rizal in Dapitan were: 1.Artistic works in Dapitan One day in 1894. 4. Paul which he gave to Father Pastells. A wooden carving of Josephine Bracken. and called it “The Mother’s Revenge”. 2.
and numerous fruit trees. He bought 16 hectares of land in talisay. sugar cane. corn. and hospital. containing 6000 hemp plants. He acquired more lands until his total holdings reached 70 hectares. where he built his home. coffee and cacao. . 1000 coconut trees.As a Farmer In Dapitan. It is very poetic and very picturesque. He wrote “My land” to his sister Trinidad. coconuts and fruit trees. sugarcane. coffee. school. Rizal devoted much of his time to agriculture. and planted cacao.
He invited his relatives and friends. especially those in Calamba. Rizal introduced: 1. He imported agricultural machinery from the United States. Modern methods of agriculture which he had observed in Europe and America.As a Farmer On his farms. where there was plenty of water and good port facilities. He encouraged the Dapitan farmers to discard their primitive system of tillage and adopt the modern agricultural methods. 5. 4. 3. . to come to his projected agricultural colony. 2. Rizal dreamed or establishing an agricultural colony in the sitio of Ponot near Sindagan Bay.
He particularly told Saturnina that she could profitably engage in the textile. particularly Saturnina and Hidalgo to come to Mindanao. 2. He made profitable business ventures for fishing. . copra and hemp industries. He expressed his plan to improve the fishing industry of Dapitan. for there is vast and ample field for business in the island. jewelry. 5. In that business these are follows: 1. and hemp business. 3. He instructed Hidalgo to help him buy a big net for trawl fishing and to send him two good Calamba fishermen who could teach the Dapitan folks better methods of fishing. He invited his relatives. a Dapitan merchant. Rizal engaged in business in partnership with Ramon Carreon.As a Businessman Aside from farming. 4.
collect funds for their purchases. He shipped 150 bales of hemp to a foreign firm in Manila at huge profit for himself and his business partner. To break the Chinese monopoly on business in Dapitan. He purchased hemp in Dapitan at P7 and 4 reales per picul and sold it in Manila at P10 and 4 reales. To improve the farm products. 1895 the Cooperative Association of Dapitan Farmers. obtain better outlets for them. In that industry these are follows: 1. 3. and help the producers and workers by taking establishing a store wherein they can buy prime commodities at moderate prices. Rizal formed a business partnership with Ramon Carreon in lime manufacturing. giving him a profit of P3 per picul. 4. Their Limeburner had a monthly capacity of more than 400 bags of lime.As a Businessman The most profitable business venture of Rizal in Dapitan was in the hemp industry. Rizal organized on January 1. 2. . 5.
During his exile in Dapitan.Rizal’s Inventive Ability While practicing medicine in Calamba. . he invented a cigarette lighter which he sent a gift to Blumentritt. He called it “sulpukan”. This unique cigarette lighter was made of wood. It’s mechanism is based on the principle of compressed air. This machine could manufacture about 6000 bricks daily. he invented a machine for making bricks.
Rizal Josephine Bracken & .
with blue eyes. George Taufer.Josephine Bracken Josephine Bracken is an Irish girl of sweet eighteen. 1873. She was born at Hong Kong on October 3. a chestnut blond. Her parents are James bracken. . who later became blind. a corporal in the British garrison. and she was adopted by Mr. Her mother died in childbirth. slender. and Elizabeth Jane MacBride.
Taufer’s blindness so he accompanied by his adopted daughter Josephine went to manila to seek services of the famous ophthalmic surgeon. Rizal and Josephine fell in love with each other at first sight. After a whirlwind romance of one month. Dr. Jose Rizal. they agreed to marry. refused to marry then without the permission of the bishop of cebu. . But father Obach.Josephine Bracken No ophthalmic specialist in Hong Kong could cure Mr. the priest of dapitan.
Since no priest would marry them. he flared up in violent rage. Rizal grabbed his wrists and prevented him for killing himself. Dapitan had become for him a heaven of bliss.Josephine Bracken When Mr. Taufer’s heard of their projected marriage. Rizal and Josephine held hand together and married themselves before the eyes of god. . Taufer returned alone to hongkong. Rizal and Josephine lived happily in Dapitan. Rizal was no longer lonely. Josephine stayed in manila with Rizal’s family. Unable to endure the thought of losing Josephine. Mr. he tried to commit suicide by cutting off his throat with a razor.
who lived only for three hours. The lost son of rizal was named “Francisco” in honor of rizal’s father. don Francisco and was buried in Dapitan.Josephine Bracken In early part of 1896 Rizal was extremely happy because Josephine was expecting a baby. . she prematurely gave birth to an eight-month baby boy. Unfortunately.
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