Cybernetics has its origin in the Greek work „Kybernetes‟ which means “steersman.

” A steersman is a person who directs the movement of the ship along the planned course or direction. In the 1940s, Norbert Weiner coined the term cybernetics. According to his definition, cybernetics is the study of “the entire field of control and communication theory, whether in the machine or the animal”. Cybernetics deals with the self-regulating principles in a variety of systems ranging from the human biological system to machine systems. The human brain is a complex structure that helps in regulating the body functions and helps the body perform complex activities. Organizations too are complex, as they are made up of different individuals. Cybernetics has been applied in such diverse fields as radar control, animal genetics (heredity), inferential( assumptions/ conclusions) automation, cryptography (Disciplines concerned with communication security-confidentiality of message) and deciphering(make sense of or decoding), automatic machine tool control, language translation, teaching machines, artificial intelligence and robotics. Due to its broad applicability, it has been popular with general systems theorists as a unifying theory of selfregulation.

Characteristics of a Cybernetic System
The following are the characteristics of a cybernetic system: Complex structures There are number of heterogeneous interacting components in a cybernetic system, making it complex. Mutual interaction The various components of a cybernetic system interact in a way that creates multiple interactions within and among the subsystems. Complementary In cybernetic systems multiple interactions take place as a result of multiple processes and structures. There are a number of subsystems which interact; and hence, there is a need for multiple levels of analysis which complement one another. Evolvability Cybernetic systems tend to evolve and grow in an opportunistic manner, rather than being designed and planned in an optimal manner. Constructivity Cybernetic systems are constructive. They increase in size and complexity by building on their existing characteristics and also developing new traits.