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W Paging W-Paging Problem Optimization Guide

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Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Foreword
Paging is associated with the paging success rate of the network. Its closely related to the whole network performance. This KPI can be optimized by means of paging test and the consequent trouble-shooting based on paging failure analysis.

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Learning Guide
Before learn this course, you should have:
Learned WCDMA signaling flow

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References
WCDMA Signaling Flow 3GPP R7 25_series

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Objectives
Upon completion of this course, you will be able to:
Collect data regarding paging problem Locate paging problem Solve the located paging problem Analyze the typical paging cases

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Contents
1. Paging Overview 2. Paging Problem Analysis Process

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Paging Initiation
CN initiated paging
Establish a signaling connection

UTRAN initiated paging


Trigger the cell update procedure Trigger reading of updated system information gg g p y

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Paging Type 1
If UE is in CELL_PCH,URA_PCH or IDLE statethe paging message will be transmitted on PCCH with paging type 1
CN PAGING RANAP RANAP RNC1 RNC2 NODEB1.1 NODEB2.1 UE

RANAP

PAGING

RANAP

PCCH: PAGING TYPE 1

PCCH: PAGING TYPE 1

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Paging Type 2
If UE is in CELL_DCH or CELL_FACH statethe paging message will be transmitted on DCCH with paging type 2
CN SRNC UE

PAGING RANAP RANAP

DCCH: PAGING TYPE 2 RRC RRC

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Paging Overview
CN Initiated Paging UTRAN Initiated Paging Paging Type 1 Applicable Paging Type 2 Applicable Applicable Applicable

Paging type 2 could be considered as normal RRC signaling, no more discussion about this part, for more detailed information, please refer to the WCDMA Signaling Procedure WCDMA Procedure Paging type 1 is the emphasis of this course

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Contents
1. Paging Overview 2. Paging Problem Analysis Process

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Contents
2. Paging Problem Analysis Process 2.1 Problem Analysis Flow 2.2 Network Information Collection 2.3 Optimization Target Confirmation 2.4 2 4 Paging Problem Locating 2.5 Typical Paging Problem Analysis 2.6 Optimization Verification

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Flow for Analyzing Paging Problems


Collect network information Identify optimization goal Locate paging problem Optimize paging problem Optimization verification
NO

Optimization goal achieved?


YES

END
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Contents
2. Paging Problem Analysis Process 2.1 Problem Analysis Flow 2.2 Network Information Collection 2.3 Optimization target Confirmation 2.4 2 4 Paging Problem Locating 2.5 Typical Paging Problem Analysis 2.6 Optimization Verification

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Network Information Collection Overview


Data of network to be optimized could be collected by the following ways:
Statistics Alarm Customers complaint Network planning info & optimization record Radio parameter configuration

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Network Information Collection


Traffic statistics
The paging-related traffic statistics can be observed respectively on the traffic statistics console of RNC, UMSC and SGSN according to different paging areas CN_PAGE_IDLE_UE_SUCC_RATE, which is paging success , p g g rate of UE in idle state initiated by CN UTRAN_PAGE1_SUCC_RATE, which is the success rate of Paging Type 1 initiated by UTRAN

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Network Information Collection


RNC Paging KPI
CN_PAGE_IDLE_UE_SUCC_RATE = [CN_PAGE_IDLE_UE_SUCC]/ [CN PAGE IDLE UE SUCC]/ [CN_PAGE_IDLE_UE_REQ] [ [UTRAN_PAGE1_SUCC_RATE = UTRAN_PAGE1_SUCC]/[UTRAN_PAGE1_REQ]

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Network Information Collection


RNC Paging KPI
Name CN_PAGE_IDLE_UE_REQ Description Count paging times at IU interface of idle subscribers Count paging success times of idle subscribers Count times of initiating PAGING TYPE 1 initiated from UTRAN side Count PAGING TYPE 1 message initiated from UTRAN side and the times of UE success receive ti f i response received Standard measuring point Receive the PAGING messages initiated by CN when UE is in idle status y Receive RRC connection request message of UE and the reason belongs to the called type, such as Terminating Conversational Call PAGING TYPE 1 message initiated from UTRAN side UE paging response message received at UTRAN side . id

CN_PAGE_IDLE_UE_SUCC

UTRAN_PAGE1_REQ

UTRAN_PAGE1_SUCC

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Network Information Collection


RNC counters for paging messages to idle UE
Number of PAGING TYPE 1 messages from the RNC to the UEs in idle mode after it receives the PAGING messages from the CN
VS.RANAP.Paging.Att.IdleUE

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Network Information Collection


RNC counters for successful paging messages to idle UE
number of RRC CONNECTION REQUEST messages from the UEs to the RNC that has sent a PAGING TYPE 1 messages to page the UEs in idle mode
VS.RANAP.Paging.Succ.IdleUE

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Network Information Collection


RNC counters for PAGING TYPE 1 message initiated from UTRAN side
number of PAGING TYPE 1 messages originated by the RNC for triggering the state transition of an UE in CELL_PCH or URA_PCH state
VS.UTRAN.Paging1.Att

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Network Information Collection


RNC counters for successful PAGING TYPE 1 message initiated from UTRAN side
number of CELL UPDATE messages from the UEs to the RNC These messages are taken as successful responses to the PAGING TYPE 1 messages sent by the RNC to the UEs in CELL_PCH or URA_PCH state
VS.UTRAN.SuccPage1

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Network Information Collection


UMSC Paging Traffic Statistics
LA paging success rate = First paging transmission timesnumber of delivered no - response messages First paging transmission times

First paging success rate =

First paging response times First paging transmission times

Non - first paging success rate =

Interface paging repitetion response times Interface paging repetition times

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Network Information Collection


UMSC Paging Traffic Statistics Index
Name
The first paging times The first paging response times Interface paging repeat times Interface paging repeat response times The first paging times of Iu interface Lu interface paging repeat times Delivery paging no-response times

Description

Standard measure point


Carry out statistics when MSC sends PAGING message to RNC/BSC Carry out statistics when MSC receives PAGING RESPONSE after the first sending of Paging message Carry out statistics when MSC sends PAGING message to RNC/BSC Carry out statistics when MSC receives PAGING RESPONSE after the non-first sending Paging message Carry out statistics when MSC sends PAGING message to RNC Carry out statistics when MSC sends PAGING message to RNC not at the first time Paging timer stay-over statistics g g y

The first sending times of Paging Req by MSC Successfully receiving response times after the first sending of Paging message by MSC The non-first paging times of MSC Successfully receiving response times after the non-first sending of Paging message by MSC The first sending Paging times of Iu interface The non-first sending Paging times of Iu interface Times of having no paging response messages received

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Network Information Collection


SGSN Paging Traffic Statistics
RAPagingSuccessRate RAGroupPaging Re quesTimesRAGroupPagingFailureTimes RAGroupPaging Re questTimes
Standard measure point SGSN sends Iu interface paging request message (PAGING), and its CN Domain is PS. Paging retransmission message times reach maximum.

Name Group paging request times of each RA p paging Group p g g failure times of each RA

Description It provides delivery group paging request times in th i t ti i the specific RA, not including retransmission messages It provides group paging failure times in the specific RA

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Network Information Collection


Alarm
From CN
RNC overload

From RNC
the flow control alarm
When RNC is in paging flow control state, the paging message will be lost unconditionally

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Network Information Collection


Data collection from customers complaint
Time Place Terminated UE type Others
Subscriber name Originated phone number Terminated phone number Happened frequently or not Process description

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Network Information Collection


For the network that has not been put into service
Pay more attention to the division of location area & route area

For the network that has been put into service, it may have experienced several optimization processes before this optimization. Emphasis should be put on optimization records about:
Coverage absence System overload Paging lost Low power allocation of paging channel

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Network Information Collection


Parameters to be checked before optimization:
CN paging retransmission times and paging interval UTRAN paging retransmission times and paging interval DRX paging cycle coefficient k (DRX paging cycle = 2k) Paging indication quantity NP included in a PICH frame Channel power allocation of PICH and PCH Whether CN adopts g p global p g g paging UE ID used by CN paging (IMSI,TMSI or PTMSI)

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DRX Procedure
UE receives the paging indicator on PICH periodically, that is the Discontinuous Reception (DRX) The value for the DRX paging cycle length is determined as follows: : DRX Cycle Length MAX (2k, PBP) frames

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Paging Indicator Channel (PICH)


Carrying Paging Indicators (PI) Fixed rate (30kbps), SF = 256 N paging indicators {PI0, , PIN-1} in each PICH frame, N=18, 36, 72 or 144 72,
288 bits for paging indication
b0 b1

12 bits (undefined)
b 287 b 288 b 299

One radio frame (10 ms) ( )

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Secondary Common Control Physical Channel (SCCPCH)


Carrying FACH and PCH, SF = 256 - 4
Pilot: used for demodulation TFCI: Transport Format Control Indication, used for describe data f format t
TFCI N TFCI bits Data N Data bits T slot = 2560 chips, 20*2 k bits (k=0..6) Pilot N Pilot bits

Slot #0

Slot #1

Slot #i 1 radio frame: T f = 10 ms

Slot #14

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DRX Procedure (Cont.)


Through DRX, UE only listens to PICH at certain predefined time. And UE will read the paging information on SCCPCH if the paging indicator is 1. The value of the Paging Occasion is determined as follows: Paging Occasion (CELL SFN) = {(IMSI div K) mod (DRX cycle length div PBP)} * PBP + n * DRX cycle length + Frame Offset

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DRX Procedure (Cont.)


In FDD the UE shall monitor its paging indicator in the PICH frame with SFN given by the Paging Occasion The Page Indicator to use is calculated by using the following formula: PI = (IMSI div 8192) mod NP

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Parameters of DRX
DRXCYCLELENCOEF
Parameter name: DRX cycle length coefficient Recommended value: 6

PICHMODE
Parameter name: PICH mode Recommended value: V36.

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Parameters of DRX
MACCPAGEREPEAT
Parameter name: Number of page re-TX Recommended value: 1

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Common Physical Channel Power Parameters y


MAXTXPOWER
Parameter name: Max transmit power of cell The recommended value is 430, namely 43dBm

PCPICHPOWER
Parameter name: PCPICH transmit power The recommended value is 330 namely 33dBm 330,

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Common Physical Channel Power Parameters y


MAXFACHPOWER
Parameter name: Max transmit power of FACH The recommended value is 10, namely 1dB

PCHPOWER
Parameter name: PCH transmit power The recommended value is -20, namely -2dB 20 2dB

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Common Physical Channel Power Parameters y


PICHPOWEROFFSET
Parameter name: PICH power offset The default value of this parameter is -7, namely -7dB

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Contents
2. Paging Problem Analysis Process 2.1 Problem Analysis Flow 2.2 Network Information Collection 2.3 Optimization target Confirmation 2.4 2 4 Paging Problem Locating 2.5 Typical Paging Problem Analysis 2.6 Optimization Verification

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Optimization Target
Determining optimization KPI goal
Two KPI, location area paging success rate and RA paging success rate , should meet the optimization requirements. The paging success rate is recommended to be higher than 86%

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Contents
2. Paging Problem Analysis Process 2.1 Problem Analysis Flow 2.2 Network Information Collection 2.3 Optimization target Confirmation 2.4 2 4 Paging Problem Locating 2.5 Typical Paging Problem Analysis 2.6 Optimization Verification

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Paging Problem Allocating Overview


Paging problems can be divided into three categories:
Paging message is not delivered at the air interface at all Paging message has been delivered, but UE does not receive the message or receives the wrong message UE fails in responding after receiving paging messages

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Contents
2. Paging Problem Analysis Process 2.1 Problem Analysis Flow 2.2 Network Information Collection 2.3 Optimization target Confirmation 2.4 2 4 Paging Problem Locating 2.5 Typical Paging Problem Analysis 2.6 Optimization Verification

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Paging Problem Optimization Overview


Further analysis on paging loss cause
Too large paging area planned Improper setting of CN paging retransmission times and interval Improper setting of UTRAN paging retransmission times and interval CN adopts whole-network paging Improper setting of DRX paging cycle coefficient Improper setting of Np value CN adopts improper UE identifier Too low power allocation of paging channels Existence of coverage dead zones UE performance problems

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Contents
2.5 Typical Paging Problem Analysis
2.5.1 2 5 1 Paging Area 2.5.2 CN and UTRAN Paging retransmission Times and Interval 2.5.3 Whole-Network Paging strategy 2.5.4 2 5 4 DRX Paging Cycle Coefficient and Np value 2.5.5 UE Identifier Utilized by CN Paging 2.5.6 Power allocation of Paging Channels 2.5.7 Coverage Dead Zones 2.5.8 UE Performance Problems and DETACH Functions

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Page46

Paging Area Problem Analysis


In general, CN pages target UE in one paging area (LA or RA)
LA is defined for CS service paging
Mobile terminals can move freely without updating VLR

Contain one or more cells RA is defined for PS service paging Mobile terminals can move freely without updating SGSN in a specified operation mode A RA may contain one or more cells

LA RA

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Paging Area Problem Analysis


Paging area is planned too large
the same paging message of a network paging mobile station may be sent in multi cells, which will overload the paging channel as well as increasing signaling flow at the Iub interface

Paging area is planned too small


subscribers will update locations frequently while moving, which will increase signaling flow of the system. Moreover, frequent location update will influence the standby time of UEs

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Paging Area Problem Analysis (Cont.)


Calculaiton Result of Paging Area When Cn Id Adopting IMSI :

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Paging Area Problem Analysis (Cont.)


Optimization Measures
Split location areas where network capacity or paging traffic is bigger than a specified threshold, which can reduce paging message flow efficiently

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page50

Contents
2.5 Typical Paging Problem Analysis
2.5.1 2 5 1 Paging Area 2.5.2 CN and UTRAN Paging retransmission Times and Interval 2.5.3 Whole-Network Paging strategy 2.5.4 2 5 4 DRX Paging Cycle Coefficient and Np value 2.5.5 UE Identifier Utilized by CN Paging 2.5.6 Power allocation of Paging Channels 2.5.7 Coverage Dead Zones 2.5.8 UE Performance Problems and DETACH Functions

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Page51

Improper Setting of CN Paging retransmission Times and Interval


In order to guarantee the paging success rate, CN will retransmission paging message at the IU interface
CN paging retransmission times and interval can be configured Paging is initiated specific to location area, paging retransmission will increase paging traffic CN paging retransmission configuration should be in accordance with UTRAN

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Page52

Improper Setting of CN Paging retransmission Times and Interval


Problem Analysis
In order to guarantee the paging success rate, CN will retransmission paging message at the IU interface CN paging retransmission is the retransmission paging in case that UE has not responded at the first time It is no good for CN paging interval to be too short

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Page53

Improper Setting of CN Paging retransmission Times and Interval


Problem Analysis
In order to guarantee the paging success rate, CN will retransmission paging message at the IU interface CN paging retransmission is the retransmission paging in case that UE has not responded at the first time It is no good for CN paging interval to be too short

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Page54

Improper Setting of CN Paging retransmission Times and Interval


Optimization Measures
CN paging retransmission configuration should be in accordance with UTRAN. When UTRAN retransmits paging once, once it is suggested for CN configuration to retransmit once (totally twice) at the interval longer than two paging cycles Reduce paging repeat times and increase paging interval keep interval, the time of no paging responses unchanged, interval of reporting prompt tones when there is no paging response will not be influenced

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page55

Improper Setting of UTRAN Paging Retransmission Times and Interval


Problem Analysis
Paging is delivered at the fixed time (a paging cycle), and UTRAN paging interval is the integer multiple of a paging cycle, one paging cycle in general y g
we can adjust UTRAN paging repeat interval by adjusting DRX paging cycle coefficient k

Optimization Measures
It is reasonable for paging retransmission times to keep the current default configuration It is also reasonable to adjust paging retransmission times on RNC maintenance console using MML command SET UDPUCFGDATA

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Contents
2.5 Typical Paging Problem Analysis
2.5.1 2 5 1 Paging Area 2.5.2 CN and UTRAN Paging retransmission Times and Interval 2.5.3 Whole-Network Paging strategy 2.5.4 2 5 4 DRX Paging Cycle Coefficient and Np value 2.5.5 UE Identifier Utilized by CN Paging 2.5.6 Power allocation of Paging Channels 2.5.7 Coverage Dead Zones 2.5.8 UE Performance Problems and DETACH Functions

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Page57

CN Whole Network Paging Problem Analysis g g y


Problem Analysis
Considering improving call connection rate, CN side can be configured with whole-network paging, which bears the characteristics that paging has overridden the concept of location area and is area, initiated specific to all UTRANs suspended under whole CN In this case, paging traffic becomes larger, especially when multiple location areas are suspended under CN, the location areas with smaller capacity will be overloaded, and can not recover for a long time

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CN Whole Network Paging Problem Analysis g g y


Optimization measures
Global paging should be avoided in CN
CN global paging is useful only when UE location area is recorded as failure by NLR, which hardly occurs once it occurs, it means serious fault occurs; even more CN global paging d i does not work t k

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Page59

Contents
2.5 Typical Paging Problem Analysis
2.5.1 2 5 1 Paging Area 2.5.2 CN and UTRAN Paging retransmission Times and Interval 2.5.3 Whole-Network Paging strategy 2.5.4 2 5 4 DRX Paging Cycle Coefficient and Np value 2.5.5 UE Identifier Utilized by CN Paging 2.5.6 Power allocation of Paging Channels 2.5.7 Coverage Dead Zones 2.5.8 UE Performance Problems and DETACH Functions

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page60

Improper Setting of DRX Paging Cycle Coefficient p p g g g y


DRX paging cycle coefficient of UE has CN-specific DRX and UTRAN-specific DRX

CN-specific DRX CN ifi

UTRAN-specific DRX UTRAN ifi

SIB1 RRC CONNECTION SETUP


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Improper Setting of DRX Paging Cycle Coefficient p p g g g y


DRX paging cycle coefficient
CN-specific DRX cycle l CN ifi l length coefficient i used f idl mode th ffi i t is d for idle d Minimum K value in CN-specific DRX cycle length coefficient and UTRAN-specific DRX cycle length coefficient is used for connection state ( CELL-PCH & URA-PCH ) CN-specific DRX cycle length coefficient is configured by command ADD CNDOMAIN for BSC6810 or ADD UCNDOMAIN for ADD CNDOMAIN ADD UCNDOMAIN BSC6900 UTRAN-specific DRX cycle length coefficient is configured by command SET FRC for BSC6810 or SET UFRC for BSC6900 SET FRC SET UFRC

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Page62

Improper Setting of DRX Paging Cycle Coefficient p p g g g y


Questions:
Suppose that the CN paging repeat time is 1 (totally broadcasting 2 times), and the interval is 2s, so how should the UTRAN repeat times and the intervals be set?

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Page63

Improper setting of Np value


Problem Analysis
Np refers to PI paging indication number delivered in a certain frame by paging indication channel PICH, the value of which is within the range of (18, 36, 72, 144), which is indicated by Number of PI per frame in SIB5, UE will receive PICH frame at the specified paging time and find the corresponding PI indicator bit (the qth PI). Only when the corresponding PI indicator bit is effective, UE demodulates the corresponding S-CCPCH frame
Np q = PI + ((18 (SFN + SFN / 8 + SFN / 64 + SFN / 512)) mod 144 ) mod Np 144

Significance of Np in the actual network: IMSI is divided into Np groups by this parameter, and all IMSIs in each group adopt the same PI

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Improper setting of Np value


Influences of Np value on network
If Np value is too small, the corresponding UE number in each group will be larger. For each IMSI, if the probability that PI indication occurs increases, increases times that IMSI is waken up will increase which is no good increase, in saving UE power If Np value is too large, the corresponding IMSI number in each group will be smaller. For each IMSI, if the probability that PI indication occurs decreases, times that IMSI is waken up will decrease. However, However if Np is larger the bit number of each PI will decrease and larger, PICH demodulation performance of UE will be required higher

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Contents
2.5 Typical Paging Problem Analysis
2.5.1 Paging Area 251 P i A 2.5.2 CN and UTRAN Paging retransmission Times and Interval 2.5.3 Whole-Network Paging strategy 2.5.4 DRX Paging Cycle Coefficient and Np value 2.5.5 UE Identifier Utilized by CN Paging 2.5.6 Attach Detach Switch Swtich 2 5 6 Att h & D t h S it h S ti h 2.5.7 Power allocation of Paging Channels 2.5.8 Coverage Dead Zones 2.5.9 UE Performance Problems

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page66

UE Identifier Utilized by CN Paging


Problem Analysis
When UE is in IDLE state, CN can only page 3 UEs at the same paging time using IMSI When UE is in IDLE state, CN can only page 5 UEs at the same paging time using TMSI or PTMSI When UE is in CELL_PCH or URA_PCH state, no matter what paging identifier CN uses, UTRAN transfers UE identifier to U-RNTI and pages, it can only page five UEs at the same paging time

Optimization Measures CN optimization pages b using UE t ti i ti by i temporary id tifi TMSI and identifier d PTMSI, and it can be adjusted with software parameters

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page67

Contents
2.5 Typical Paging Problem Analysis
2.5.1 Paging Area 251 P i A 2.5.2 CN and UTRAN Paging retransmission Times and Interval 2.5.3 Whole-Network Paging strategy 2.5.4 DRX Paging Cycle Coefficient and Np value 2.5.5 UE Identifier Utilized by CN Paging 2.5.6 Attach Detach Switch 2 5 6 Att h & D t h S it h 2.5.7 Power allocation of Paging Channels 2.5.8 Coverage Dead Zones 2.5.9 UE Performance Problems

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Page68

IMSI ATTACH & DETACH Function F ti


Problem Analysis
After Aft UE i powered on and registered successfully, MSC/VLR will set th is d d i t d f ll ill t the subscriber state as ATTACH state. IMSI DETACH means that after mobile subscribers power off, MS initiates a DETACH flow and MSC/VLR sets the subscriber state as IMSI detach Generally HLR will not be informed by this detach. Generally, flow UE determines whether IMSI ATTACH and DETACH processes can be adopted th d t d through receiving th system message 1 G h i i the t 1. Gsm MAP IE consists of i t f two octets, one is T3212, and bit1 of the other octet is ATT identifier. 0 means that the network does not allow UE to adopt IMSI ATTACH and DETACH processes, 1 refers t th admission f to the d i i During actual network operation, UTRAN should activate IMSI ATTACH and DETACH functions

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IMSI ATTACH & DETACH Function (Cont.) ( )


SIB1

Optimization Measures
Check and modify IMSI attachment and detachment admission indication by using the Command LST CNDOMAIN and MOD CNDOMAIN on RNC maintenance console

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Contents
2.5 Typical Paging Problem Analysis
2.5.1 Paging Area 251 P i A 2.5.2 CN and UTRAN Paging retransmission Times and Interval 2.5.3 Whole-Network Paging strategy 2.5.4 DRX Paging Cycle Coefficient and Np value 2.5.5 UE Identifier Utilized by CN Paging 2.5.6 Attach Detach Switch 2 5 6 Att h & D t h S it h 2.5.7 Power allocation of Paging Channels 2.5.8 Coverage Dead Zones 2.5.9 UE Performance Problems

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page71

Too Low Power allocation of Paging Channels P i Ch l


Phenomenon
Subscriber complaints are centralized in some certain areas when UE is called, the prompt tone the subscriber is out of service will occur

Problem Analysis
the print message of paging decoding failure can be seen at the UE daemon, which is the problem of the over-low paging channel power allocation

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Page72

Too Low Power allocation of Paging Channels P i Ch l


Optimization measures
The current baseline power allocation: PICH is -3dB and PCH is -2dB, which are both relative to pilot channels power. Improve the power allocation between PICH and PCH properly Check and modify PICH power by using MML Command LST CHPWROFFSET and MOD PICHPWROFFSET on RNC maintenance console Check and modify PCH power by using Command LST SCCPCH and MOD SCCPCH

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page73

Contents
2.5 Typical Paging Problem Analysis
2.5.1 Paging Area 251 P i A 2.5.2 CN and UTRAN Paging retransmission Times and Interval 2.5.3 Whole-Network Paging strategy 2.5.4 DRX Paging Cycle Coefficient and Np value 2.5.5 UE Identifier Utilized by CN Paging 2.5.6 Attach Detach Switch 2 5 6 Att h & D t h S it h 2.5.7 Power allocation of Paging Channels 2.5.8 Coverage Dead Zones 2.5.9 UE Performance Problems

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page74

Existence of Coverage Dead Zones


Problem Analysis
Phenomenon: Subscriber complaints are centralized in a certain area, UE fails both in calling and being called, the signal strength shown in UE panel is low and RSCP and EC/IO of pilot signals tested with the low, drive test equipment are lower than indexes required for UE normal access, by which coverage dead zone is identified in this area

Optimization Measures
Carry out coverage optimization, for specific optimization measures, please refer to relevant Guidance

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Contents
2.5 Typical Paging Problem Analysis
2.5.1 Paging Area 251 P i A 2.5.2 CN and UTRAN Paging retransmission Times and Interval 2.5.3 Whole-Network Paging strategy 2.5.4 DRX Paging Cycle Coefficient and Np value 2.5.5 UE Identifier Utilized by CN Paging 2.5.6 Attach Detach Switch 2 5 6 Att h & D t h S it h 2.5.7 Power allocation of Paging Channels 2.5.8 Coverage Dead Zones 2.5.9 UE Performance Problems

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UE Performance Problem
Problem Analysis
The receiving performance and demodulation performance of different UEs are also different Sort out and analyze subscriber complaint materials. If the materials called UE is of the same type, problem may exist in UEs

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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UE Performance Problem
Optimization Solution
Take a called verification test on UEs from different manufacturers compare UE receiving performance parameters and demodulation performance parameters
including testing RSCP and EC/IO of pilot signals received at the same place and learn about the service demodulation thresholds of UEs

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Contents
2. Paging Problem Analysis Process 2.1 Problem Analysis Flow 2.2 Network Information Collection 2.3 Optimization target Confirmation 2.4 2 4 Paging Problem Locating 2.5 Typical Paging Problem Analysis 2.6 Optimization Verification

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Optimization Verification
After network is optimized and adjusted, the optimization results should b verified. Th f lt h ld be ifi d The frequently-used verifying tl d if i methods are available as follows:
Traffic statistics Alarm Subscriber complaint p Dialing test

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Summary
We have learned the some typical cases of paging problem, the paging problem could be caused by improper paging area division, improper paging retransmission times and interval, improper DRX paging cycle coefficient and Np value, weak coverage, whether switch on attach/detach function, low power allocation of paging channels, and f i l ll i f i h l d specified UE performance.

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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