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Integrated Management of Childhood Diseases

Integrated Management of Childhood Diseases


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Published by sarguss14

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: sarguss14 on Jan 16, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Integrated Management of Childhood Illnesses IMCI

 Pneumonia,

diarrhea, DHF, measles , malaria & malnutrition cause more than 70% of the deaths in children under 5 yrs old  WHO and UNICEF has described a set of integrated guidelines on the management of these illnesses instead of separate guidelines for each illness


has developed a training package to teach the integrated case management process to health workers who see sick children


 3)


Strategy for reducing the mortality and morbidity associated with major causes of childhood illnesses Objectives Reduce significantly global mortality & morbidity associated with the major causes of diseases in children under 5 years old To contribute to the healthy growth and development of children

Why an integrated approach?
 There

are important relationships between the illnesses  Effective case management needs to consider all of the child’s symptoms so that any problem of the child will not be overlooked

Case Management Process

guidelines rely on detection of cases based on simple clinical signs without laboratory tests and offer empirical treatment  Action oriented classification rather than exact diagnosis are used  Case management process is presented in a series of charts which show the sequence of steps and provide information in performing them

Case Management Process
 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

The charts describe the following steps: Assess the child or young infant Classify the illness Identify treatment Treat the child Counsel the mother Give follow-up care

Case Management Process

2. 3.

Case management charts are divided into two parts: Age 1 week up to 2 months Age 2 months up to 5 yrs

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