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Unless otherwise specified Chinese text in this article is written in the format (Simplified Chinese / Traditional Chinese; Pinyin). In cases where the Simplified and Traditional Chinese characters are identical, the Chinese term is written only once. Chinese characters
each corresponding .Chinese characters are logograms used in the writing of Chinese (where they may be called hanzi. as well as in a number of other languages. the characters are largely morphosyllabic. though most of these are minor graphic variants only encountered in historical texts. Chinese characters constitute the oldest continuously used system of writing in the world. and were formerly used in Vietnamese (hán tự). In Chinese orthography. 汉字/漢字 "Han character") and Japanese (kanji). Studies carried out in China have shown that functional literacy requires knowledge of between three and four thousand characters. in Korean (hanja). Chinese characters number in the tens of thousands. albeit less frequently. Such characters are also used.
but they are nonetheless written with two characters. most significantly today in Japanese. Some characters. and as purely phonetic elements based on their pronunciation in the . the majority of Chinese words today consist of two or more characters. About 10% of native words have two syllables without separate meanings. ignoring the Chinese pronunciation. characters are used to represent native words.to a spoken syllable with a distinct meaning. but often quite different pronunciations. In other languages. They typically have similar meanings. Cognates in the several varieties of Chinese are generally written with the same character. to represent Chinese loanwords. though this is the exception and is generally informal. However. generally ligatures. represent polysyllabic words or even phrases.
please visit http://learnchineseonlinefree. These foreign adaptations of Chinese pronunciation are known as Sinoxenic pronunciations.org/ . and have been useful in the reconstruction of Ancient Chinese.com/ and http://chinesedictionaryonline. For more valuable free tips.historical variety of Chinese they were acquired from.