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Planar Motion (1)

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09/07/2012

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Unit 4 PLANAR MOTION - Supplementary Problems r 2 1 3 i j 1. An object has a time dependent position vector given by r (t) = ( 2 t ˆ + t ˆ ) meter. a.

Draw the graph of the trajectory of the object for 0 ≤ t ≤ 3. 0 seconds and indicate on the graph the direction of motion of the object. b. Determine the speed of the object at t = 1.0 second. [2.5 m/s] c. Determine the magnitude of the acceleration of the object at 2.0 seconds. [6.3 m/s2] 2. At a particular instant of time an object has the following position, velocity, and acceleration vectors: r r r r = (−2 ˆ + 4 ˆ ) m i j v = (2 ˆ ) m/s i a = (6 ˆ ) m/s2 j r a. How is the magnitude and direction of r changing at this instant? [decreasing, rotating CW] r b. How is the magnitude and direction of v changing at this instant? [magnitude constant, rotating CCW] r r r j i j i j c. A while later r = (4 ˆ ) m, v = (2 ˆ − 3 ˆ ) m/s, and a = (−4 ˆ + 6 ˆ ) m/s2. Answer (a) and (b) above for this instant of time. [(a) decreasing, rotating CW; (b) decreasing, not rotating] 3. Given the following x and y components of the position of an object as a function of time: x = ( 3t − 4 t ) and y = ( −6 t + t ), where x and y are in meters and t in seconds. Find: r 2 a. its velocity as a function of time. { v = [(3 − 8 t) ˆ + ( −6 + 3 t ) ˆ ] m/s} i j r ˆ + 6 t ˆ ) m/s2] j b. its acceleration as a function of time. [ a = (−8 i c. how far the object is from the origin at t = 3.0 seconds. [28.5 m] d. its speed at t = 0. [6.7 m/s] e. the magnitude of its acceleration at t = 1.0 second. [10.0 m/s2] f. Draw the position, velocity, and acceleration vectors at t = 2.0 seconds. 4. Given that the coordinates of an object are (1.0 m, 2.0 m) at t = 0 and the x and y 3 components of its velocity at any time are given by v = 4 t + 4 t and v y = 4 t , where v is
x 2 3

in m/s and t in seconds. a. Show that the equation of the trajectory of the object is given by x = y2/4. b. Draw the position, velocity, and acceleration vectors for the object at t = 1.0 second.

Unit 4 PLANAR MOTION - Supplementary Problems r j 5. Given that the position of an object at t = 0 is ro = (−3 ˆ ) m, its velocity at t = 0 is r v o = ( 4 ˆ ) m/s, and the x and y components of its acceleration as a function of time are i given by ax = −8 sin 2 t and ay = 12 cos2 t , where t is in seconds. Find: r = (−4 2 ˆ + 6 2 ˆ ) i j a. its acceleration at π/8 seconds. [ a
π /8

m/s2] b. the magnitude of its acceleration at π/4 seconds. [aπ/4 = 8 m/s2] c. its velocity as a function of time. r ˆ + (6 sin2 t )ˆj ] m/s} v = [(4 cos 2 t) i r j d. its velocity at π/4 seconds. [ v π/ 4 = 6. 0 ˆ m/s] e. its speed at 5π/8 seconds. [ v 5π/ 8 = 26 m/s] {

f. its position as a function of time. { r ˆ − ( 3 cos 2 t )ˆj ] m} r = [(2 sin 2 t ) i r 3 i j g. its position at π/8 seconds. { rπ /8 = [( 2 ˆ )− 2 2 ˆ )] m} 1 h. how far the object is from the origin at π/3 seconds. [ rπ /3 = 2 21 m] i. the equation of the trajectory of the object. [x2/4 + y2/9 = 1] 6. An object moves in a circle of radius 3.0 meters at constant speed, completing 3 revolutions every minute. At t = 0 it is at point P and is moving counter-clockwise. Find: a. its period T in seconds. [20.0 s] b. its angular speed in rad/s. [ω = π/10 rad/s] c. its linear speed. [v = 0.3π m/s] d. the magnitude of its acceleration. [a = 0.03π2 m/s2] e. its position as a function of time. r i j { r = 3 [sin(πt / 10) ˆ − cos( πt / 10 ) ˆ ] m} r i f. its position at 17.0 seconds. [ r17 = (−2. 4 ˆ − 1.8 ˆj ) m] r i g. its velocity as a function of time. { v = 0. 3 π [cos( πt / 10) ˆ + sin(πt / 10 )ˆj ] m/s}

r i h. its velocity at 10.0 seconds. [ v10 = ( −0. 3 π ˆ ) m/s] r 2 i. its acceleration as a function of time. { a = 0. 03 π [ − sin(πt / 10) ˆ + cos(πt / 10) ˆ ] i j r ˆ ˆ j. its acceleration at 12.0 seconds. [ a12 = (0. 17 i − 0. 24 j ) m/s2] 7. Given the circular path of a particle defined by the position vector r r = 2 [(sin6 t) ˆ + ( cos6 t ) ˆ ] m, where r is in meters and t in seconds. Find: i j a. the radius of the path. (r = 2.0 m) b. the speed of the particle. (v = 12.0 m/s) c. the magnitude of the centripetal acceleration of the particle. (a = 72.0 m/s2) d. the direction of motion of the particle, clockwise or counter-clockwise. (CW) m/s2}

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