5/16/12

MasteringPhysics: MasteringPhysics: Scores

Chapter 15 Assignment
Due: 11:00pm on Wednesday, January 25, 2012
Note: To understand how points are aw arded, read your instructor's Grading Policy. [Sw itch to Standard Assignment View ]

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Exercise 15.1
The speed of sound in air at 20 Part A What is the wavelength of a sound wave with a frequency of 784 on a piano? ANSWER: = 0.439 Correct , corresponding to the note is 344 .

Part B How many milliseconds does each vibration take? ANSWER: = 1.28 Correct

Part C What is the wavelength of a sound wave one octave higher than the note in part A? ANSWER: = 0.219 Correct

Exercise 15.16
A 1.70a weight equation Part A How much time does it take a pulse to travel the full length of the string? ANSWER: = 0.11 Correct string of weight 1.22 is tied to the ceiling at its upper end, and the lower end supports . When you pluck the string slightly, the waves traveling up the string obey the

session.masteringphysics.com/myct/scores

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ANSWER: = 0.0 is stretched with a tension of 29.50 with frequency 120 Part A Calculate the average power carried by the wave.com/myct/scores .30 Part B What happens to the average power if the wave amplitude is halved? ANSWER: = 4. A wave and amplitude 1. .0 travels along the wire.20×10−2 Correct 2/12 session.masteringphysics.168 Correct and length 83.20 A piano wire with mass 3.5/16/12 MasteringPhysics: MasteringPhysics: Scores Part B What is the weight ANSWER: ? = 18 Correct Part C How many wavelengths are on the string at any instant of time? ANSWER: = 47 Correct Part D What is the equation for waves traveling down the string? ANSWER: Correct Exercise 15.

Each pulse is identical to the other and travels at 2.250 .00 = 0.masteringphysics.5/16/12 MasteringPhysics: MasteringPhysics: Scores Exercise 15. View Correct Part C session.com/myct/scores 3/12 .00 .500 . apart at Part A Sketch the shape of the string at ANSWER: = 0. View Correct Part B Sketch the shape of the string at ANSWER: = 0. The leading edges of the pulses are 1.28: Interference of Triangular Pulses Two triangular wave pulses are traveling toward each other on a stretched string as shown in the figure .

masteringphysics. ANSWER: View Correct Part D Sketch the shape of the string at ANSWER: = 1.250 .750 .com/myct/scores apart.5/16/12 MasteringPhysics: MasteringPhysics: Scores Sketch the shape of the string at = 0.0 oscillates in simple harmonic motion with amplitude 0. View Correct Part E Sketch the shape of the string at ANSWER: = 1.34 Adjacent antinodes of a standing wave on a string are 15.000 .850 session. A particle at an antinode and period 0. The string lies 4/12 .0750 . View Correct Exercise 15.

5/16/12 MasteringPhysics: MasteringPhysics: Scores along the +x-axis and is fixed at Part A .com/myct/scores 5/12 . How far apart are the adjacent nodes? ANSWER: = 15.0 Correct Part C What is the amplitude of the two traveling waves that form this pattern? ANSWER: = 0.masteringphysics.40 session. = 0.425 Correct Part D What is the speed of the two traveling waves that form this pattern? ANSWER: = 4.00 Correct Part E Find the maximum and minimum transverse speeds of a point at an antinode.0 Correct Part F What is the shortest distance along the string between a node and an antinode? ANSWER: = 7.712.50 Correct Exercise 15.0 Correct Part B What is the wavelength of the two traveling waves that form this pattern? ANSWER: = 30. ANSWER: . Enter your answers numerically separated by a comma.

ANSWER: = 8. Part A Find the amplitude.50 A transverse wave on a rope is given by . ANSWER: = 125 Correct Part D session. ANSWER: = 0. Part A What is the frequency of its fundamental mode of vibration? ANSWER: = 408 Correct .com/myct/scores 6/12 .00 .750 Correct Part B Find the period. The steel wire is 0.masteringphysics.400 long Part B What is the nurmber of the highest hamonic that could be heard by a person who is capable of hearing frequencies up to 10000 Hz? ANSWER: = 24 Correct Problem 15.00×10−3 Correct Part C Find the frequency.5/16/12 MasteringPhysics: MasteringPhysics: Scores A piano tuner stretches a steel piano wire with a tension of 800 and has a mass of 3.

0500 ANSWER: = 1. Find the tension.25 Correct Part F Is the wave traveling in the ANSWER: x.95 Correct . ANSWER: = 5.or x-direction? x-direction x-direction Correct Part G The mass per unit length of the rope is 0.740wire is used to support two uniform 239posts of equal length (the figure ). ANSWER: = 5.masteringphysics.56 A 4. ANSWER: = 6.00 Correct Part E Find the speed of propagation. 0. session. . causing the wire to vibrate in its 7th overtone.com/myct/scores 7/12 .42 Correct Problem 15.5/16/12 MasteringPhysics: MasteringPhysics: Scores Find the wavelength.91. Part H Find the average power of this wave. A strong Assume that the wire is essentially horizontal and that the speed of sound is 344 wind is blowing.

com/myct/scores satisfies the wave equation.5/16/12 MasteringPhysics: MasteringPhysics: Scores Part A What is the frequency of the sound this wire produces? ANSWER: = 18. ANSWER: My Answer: Because its speed is v. including spaces). moves in the Part B Show that session. the wave pulse travels to the right a distance vt in a time t.5 Correct Part B What is the wavelength of the sound this wire produces? ANSWER: = 18. then at time t it will be shown by y = f(x − vt).61: Waves of Arbitrary Shape Part A Explain why any wave described by a function of the form -direction with speed . If a wave moves in the positive x direction with speed v. Essay answers are limited to about 500 words (3800 characters maximum.masteringphysics.6 Correct Problem 15. no matter what the functional form 8/12 .

What is the speed of this wave? Express your answer in terms of the variables ANSWER: = Correct . and observations reveal that the maximum displacement occurred at flashes 1 and 5 with no other maxima in between.990 . where . write . . Part A Find the period for the traveling waves on this string. . Then. The results from five successive stroboscopic pictures are shown in the figure . including spaces). where . session.masteringphysics. .68 A vibrating string 52. The strobe rate is set at 5000 flashes per minute.5/16/12 MasteringPhysics: MasteringPhysics: Scores of . and are all Problem 15. to take partial derivatives of Essay answers are limited to about 500 words (3800 characters maximum. ANSWER: My Answer: df/dx = (df/du)(du/dx) = df/du d^2f/dx^2 = d(df/du)/du(du/dx) = d^2f/du^2 df/dt = (df/du)(du/dt) = (df/du)(-v) d^2f/dt^2 = (-v)d(df/du)/du(du/dt) = v^2d^2f/du^2 Comparing: d^2f/dx^2 = (1/v^2)d^2f/dt^2 Part C A wave pulse is described by the function positive constants.com/myct/scores 9/12 .0 long is under a tension of 0. To do this. . use the chain rule: .

980 Correct session.520 Correct Part D In what harmonic is the string vibrating? ANSWER: = 2 Correct Part E What is the speed of the traveling waves on the string? ANSWER: = 5.masteringphysics. ANSWER: = 0. ANSWER: = 10.4 Correct Part C Find the wavelength for the traveling waves on this string.com/myct/scores 10/12 .5/16/12 MasteringPhysics: MasteringPhysics: Scores ANSWER: −2 = 9.60×10 Correct Part B Find the frequency for the traveling waves on this string.42 Correct Part F How fast is point P moving when the string is in position 1? ANSWER: = 0 Correct Part G How fast is point P moving when the string is in position 3? ANSWER: = 0.

You received 22 out of a possible total of 22 points.5 Correct Problem 15. The string is tuned as in part (a) when its temperature is . is 63. and a coefficient of linear expansion of Assume that the temperature of the body of the guitar remains constant.85: Out of Tune The B-string of a guitar is made of steel (density 0. The steel string has a . Find Young's modulus of if the temperature of the string rises to .4 Correct ). ANSWER: = -4.masteringphysics. Part A Find the string tension. The fundamental frequency is f = 247. ANSWER: = 99. Strenuous playing can make the temperature of the string rise. the frequency changes by a small given by .20 Correct Part C Will the vibration frequency rise or fall? ANSWER: rise fall Correct Score Summary: Your score on this assignment is 100%.5/16/12 MasteringPhysics: MasteringPhysics: Scores Part H What is the mass of this string? ANSWER: = 17.com/myct/scores 11/12 .406 mm.5 cm long. changing its vibration frequency. session. and has diameter Part B If the tension amount is changed by a small amount .0 Hz.

com/myct/scores 12/12 .5/16/12 MasteringPhysics: MasteringPhysics: Scores session.masteringphysics.

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