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MasteringPhysics: MasteringPhysics: Scores

Chapter 23 Assignment

Due: 11:00pm on Wednesday, February 22, 2012

Note: To understand how points are aw arded, read your instructor's Grading Policy. [Sw itch to Standard Assignment View ]

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Exercise 23.5

A small metal sphere, carrying a net charge of = -2.70 , is held in a stationary position by = -7.60 and mass insulating supports. A second small metal sphere, with a net charge of 1.60 , is projected toward with speed 22.0 . When the two spheres are 0.800 apart, . Assume that the

is moving toward

two spheres can be treated as point charges. You can ignore the force of gravity.

Part A What is the speed of ANSWER: when the spheres are 0.420 apart?

= 14.9 Correct

Part B How close does ANSWER: get to ?

= 0.299 Correct

Exercise 23.12

Two protons are aimed directly toward each other by a cyclotron accelerator with speeds of 1500 , measured relative to the earth. Part A

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Find the maximum electrical force that these protons will exert on each other. ANSWER: = 6.13×10−2 Correct

Exercise 23.21

Two point charges between them; point = 2.20 is 0.080 and from = -7.00 are 0.100 from apart. Point is midway and 0.060 (the figure ). Take the electric

potential to be zero at infinity.

Part A Find the potential at point ANSWER: .

= -863 Correct

Part B Find the potential at point ANSWER: .

= -801 Correct

Part C Find the work done by the electric field on a charge of 2.40 . Express your answer using two significant figures. ANSWER: = 1.5×10−7 Correct

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that travels from point

to point

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Exercise 23.34

An infinitely long line of charge has linear charge density 7.50×10−12 1.67×10−27 . Part A Calculate the proton’s initial kinetic energy. Express your answer numerically in joules to four significant figures. ANSWER: = 8.350×10−22 Correct , charge ) is 12.0 . A proton (mass from the line and moving directly toward the line at 1000

Part B How close does the proton get to the line of charge? Express your answer numerically in meters to three significant figures. ANSWER: = 0.115 Correct

Exercise 23.38

A ring of diameter 7.90 its circumference. Part A How much work does it take to move a tiny 4.00 away to the center of the ring? ANSWER: = 5.38 Correct charged ball of mass 2.10 from very far is fixed in place and carries a charge of 5.90 uniformly spread over

**Part B Is it necessary to take a path along the axis of the ring? ANSWER: Yes No Correct
**

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Part C Why? Essay answers are limited to about 500 words (3800 characters maximum, including spaces). ANSWER: My Answer: It is not necessary to take a path along the axis of the ring because the charge is the same distance from the center. This is because the charge is uniformly spread over its circumference.

Part D If the ball is slightly displaced from the center of the ring, what will it do? Essay answers are limited to about 500 words (3800 characters maximum, including spaces). ANSWER: My Answer: Because the charge is +q uniformly spread on the circumference of the ring and if the ball with charge +Q is moved from the center, then it will be repelled and moved away from the ring.

Part E What is the maximum speed it will reach? ANSWER: = 71.6 Correct

Problem 23.55

A vacuum tube diode consists of concentric cylindrical electrodes, the negative cathode and the positive anode. Because of the accumulation of charge near the cathode, the electric potential between the electrodes is not a linear function of the position, even with planar geometry, but is given by where is the distance from the cathode and is a constant, characteristic of a particular diode and operating conditions. Assume that the distance between the cathode and anode is 17.0 and the potential difference between electrodes is 200 .

Part A Determine the value of ANSWER: .

= 4.58×104 Correct

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Part B Obtain a formula for the electric field between the electrodes as a function of Express your answer in terms of the variables ANSWER: = Correct and .

.

Part C Determine the magnitude of the force on an electron when the electron is halfway between the electrodes. ANSWER: = 1.99×10−15 Correct

Part D Determine the durection of the force on an electron when the electron is halfway between the electrodes. ANSWER: Toward the negative cathod Toward the positive anode Correct

Problem 23.62

A Geiger counter detects radiation such as alpha particles by using the fact that the radiation ionizes the air along its path. A thin wire lies on the axis of a hollow metal cylinder and is insulated from it . A large potential difference is established between the wire and the outer cylinder, with the wire at higher potential; this sets up a strong electric field directed radially outward. When ionizing radiation enters the device, it ionizes a few air molecules. The free electrons produced are accelerated by the electric field toward the wire and, on the way there, ionize many more air molecules. Thus a current pulse is produced that can be detected by appropriate electronic circuitry and converted to an audible "click." Suppose the radius of the central wire is 145 and the radius of the hollow cylinder is 1.80 .

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Part A What potential difference between the wire and the cylinder produces an electric field of at a distance of 1.20 from the axis of the wire? (Assume that the wire and cylinder are both very long in comparison to their radii.) ANSWER: = 1160 Correct

Problem 23.70

A thin insulating rod is bent into a semicircular arc of radius distributed uniformly along the rod. Part A Calculate the potential at the center of curvature of the arc if the potential is assumed to be zero at infinity. Express your answer in terms of the given quantities and appropriate constants. ANSWER: = Correct , and a total electric charge is

Score Summary:

Your score on this assignment is 100%. You received 16 out of a possible total of 16 points.

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