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Definition – general terminology Glossary of terms used in PPPs National context vs international experiences
What is the role of the government? What is the fundamental, non-negotiable role of the government?
Need to look at the way partnerships can be subdivided. 1. Ownership 2. Provision 3. Finance 4. M&E Goals: access, equity, quality, efficiency State responsibility – to ensure best possible outcomes, not necessarily who delivers? Meaning a changed role for government to regulatory and oversight responsibilties…
How do you avoid the relationship becoming contractual and actually being a partnership?
• Depends on the organization, for an LNGO a contractual arrangement with government could compromise their role but with other institutions might work • It is mainly a matter of how the agreements is developed, what is the role and how will they work? • This requires mutual roles and responsibilities and joint goals.
How do you create a space for NSPs to participate in policy dialogue?
• Again it depends on who the NSP is, what they are talking about and what the goal is. • Cambodia experience that KAPE has is to work with local governments • Inclusion in local education working groups, a seat at the table (e.g. Cambodia)
Division of responsibility – for example in the case of INGO/LNGOs, if we are delivering services in partnership with the government how do we still stay at arm’s length to ensure we are the advocates of those who need it?
• Depends on country context • In the case of Cambodia – (applicable to many of the countries in the region)Difficult situation but you choose your battles and be very judicious, private/informal conversations
How can PPPs be used?
Practical examples of how PPPs can improve outcomes in the areas of: Organizational reform Capacity building Quality improving Enhancing access and equity Bangladesh case proved the need for a combination of all four dimensions
Many case examples but the discussion came back to the fundamental issues of: • Definition – terminology • National context versus international experiences • Roles and responsibility • Political will • Accountabilities • Incentives for Private Partners to deliver public on goals How do we create a PPP?
Questions for discussion
• How do PPPs in social sectors (with multiple variables) compare to areas with more established experiences on PPPs such as infrastructure? Education – core educational services versus school construction Taking a sector wide perspective, PPPs at higher levels or in certain sub-sectors freeing up space and resources for government priorities on lower levels