Maroon Marauder

Eugene L. Carnahan Cadet Squadron 85 PCR-CA-273 Summer Quarter 2011 INSIDE THIS ISSUE:

From the Cadet Deputy Commander
Squadron 85 ,
1 1 2 3 4 5-6 7-8 9 10-11 11 12

Special 30th Anniversary From the Deputy Cadet Commander Promotions and Awards From the Deputy Commander Autobiography of E.L. Carnahan National Cadet Competition Stay Cool—Safety California Capital Air Show What’s Next for NASA? What a Ride It’s Been! Calendar

As most of you may have noticed, both the Cadet Commander Anthony Smith and myself have not been in attendance. This is because of an accident that occurred. I will explain the basics of what happened. For those of you who know the Folsom area, you may be familiar with a popular jumping spot called China Wall. For those of you who aren't, China Wall is a 60 foot cliff that you can jump off of and into the water below. However you can't just jump, you have to get a running start in order to clear the almost straight up and down cliff. Recently Anthony and I decided to go there and hang out, do some jumping etc. After a few successful jumps, Anthony decided to climb the tree that is nearby and jump from there. Although the tree extends out over the cliff, there is still a couple of feet of the cliff to clear. When Anthony jumped, he jumped about a foot short and at the bottom hit his feet. He hit his feet, and only his feet, then went into the water. He called out for help so I ran down the embankment, moved him to safety and waited for the paramedics. Forty minutes later they arrived by boat, stabilized him and he was then transported to the hospital. After waiting several hours for him to get out of the Operating Room where he had an external metal splint hooked up to his feet and ankles, we (his mom, brother, my mom and I) were informed that both of his heels and both ankles were broken.

They also told us that they did a full body X-Ray and his spine and everything else looked fine, which is exceptionally rare in this type of accident. Currently he is mentally okay, it's just his feet that aren't working so well. I bring this to your attention for a few reasons. First and most importantly we must support Anthony through the tough months ahead. Second we still have the squadron to run, so we need continue with promotions and participating in activities. I’ve been speaking with Anthony and he wants to make sure all of us get the most out of the Cadet Program. Lastly I want this to be the biggest lesson that we can learn from, and for it to impact as many people as possible. Think of the possible consequences of your actions for everything, not only when doing “dangerous stunts” but in all aspects of your life. If you have ever said to yourself “oh nothing bad is going to happen” you’re wrong. Always think through the things that could happen and act accordingly for your safety and the safety of others. ~ C/Capt. Evan Yanagihara Deputy Cadet Commander Sq. 85

Special 30th Anniversary Edition
December 2010 marks the 30th Anniversary of Eugene L. Carnahan Cadet Squadron 85’s official charter as a Civil Air Patrol Squadron. In the next issues of the 2011 Maroon Marauder, we will explore our past through contributions from various current and past squadron members. Learn from our history and proud heritage as a squadron, and what it means to be “Always on Parade”

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PROMOTIONS AND AWARDS
Congratulations to the following Cadets for their Promotions and Awards for Q2 2011 (April / May / June)

Cadet:
Arriola, Trinity

Cadets: Barb,
Julianne Gregory, Clarissa Tinney, Blake Verleur, Keis

Cadets:
Anderley, Jacob Gregory, Aundrea Sherman, Jacob Wandell, Lawren

Cadet:
Morris, Dayton

Cadet:
Kaita, Kimberly

C/Amn C/A1C C/SrA

C/TSgt

C/CMSgt

SPECIAL CONGRATULATIONS FOR ACHIEVING A MAJOR MILESTONE IN THE CADET PROGRAM

Billy Mitchell Award C/2Lt. #60063 Cadet: Anthony Smith
Gen Billy Mitchell advocated for an independent air force. Moreover, he realized that the general public must understand why aviation is important to America. He demonstrated that aircraft could be significant in war fighting by sinking several captured and overage battleships from the air in 1921 and 1923.

Amelia Earhart Award C/Capt. #15250 Cadet: Mary Barb
Perhaps no name is as symbolic of aerospace achievement as Amelia Earhart. In 1928, she became the first woman to cross the Atlantic by air. She disappeared in 1937 near Howland Island in the Pacific Ocean while trying to circumnavigate the world in a twin engine Lockheed Electra. Her disappearance is one of the greatest unsolved mysteries of the 20th century.

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From the Squadron Deputy Commander
Greetings Squadron 85!
The first half of 2011 has been a very event filled time for the squadron! We've had a lot of success and we have some great plans for the months to come matched by some very important goals. Six cadets from our squadron won at the lower levels of competition and competed at the National Cadet Competition. They had some outstanding success with a 1st Place victory in Standard Drill, 2nd Place in Inspection and a 3rd Place overall finish! NCC is the highest level of cadet competition with outstanding performances by all of the teams. Any cadet from our squadron can strive to be a part of future teams, but the requirements to perform well at that level require commitment and dedication. Twelve of the Fourteen cadets competing on our team were cadet officers. Excellent work to the team and we hope all of our cadets want to join us on future teams. We had a "first-in-a-long-time" achievement for C/2Lt Anthony Smith-Garcia. It has been several years since any member of the squadron has received a "First Find" award and ribbon. Our Cadet Commander answered the call and went out on a mission a few weeks Your Squadron 85 National Cadet Competition participants with the 1st Place ago finding an emergency beacon in an experivictory in Standard Drill, 2nd Place in Inspection and a 3rd Place overall finish mental aircraft on a small air strip north of Sac(left to right): C/CMSgt. Jake Bernal, C/2Lt John Barb, C/Capt. Mary Barb, ramento. The emergency services mission is Pacific Coast Region Drill Team Commander C/Capt. Evan Yanagihara, C/2Lt one of the most important parts of Civil Air Anthony Smith and C/CMSgt. Kimberley Kaita Patrol and we have been offering a lot of training lately to our cadets to prepare them to assist in this mission. C/2Lt Smith-Garcia's success is one example of success in this area. Any emergency beacon must be responded to, even if it is not an emergency, because additional beacons would be extremely hard to locate with one already active. Supporting the emergency services mission, and providing an exciting opportunity to our cadets, we will be having a "bivouac," or CAP camping trip, the weekend of August 6th and 7th. We realize that many cadets will be starting school on August 8th, so we will be starting on Saturday morning and ending in the afternoon on Sunday. We are finalizing the details and location, but we have picked an extremely safe location and the cadets have been receiving training from one of our new senior members, a former cadet, 1Lt Randall Sherman. I'd like to extend a huge thank you to 1Lt Sherman for his efforts in putting this together, and we look forward to a great bivouac. We have several goals for the squadron around the areas of emergency services, cadet progression in the program, and recruiting. We are currently falling short of our cadet progression goals. We want to see each cadet succeed in their own promotion goals and measure up to the CAP guideline of no fewer than two promotions each year. I would encourage all of the cadets to strive to be members of the cadet staff and to become cadet officers. Our squadron will continue to provide the support to help all cadets in meeting their promotion goals, and please talk to your flight staff if you have any questions or if there is anything that we can do to better support your progress. By joining the ranks of the Sergeants and Cadet Officers in the squadron, you will be able to start to "give back" to the new cadets. You will be able mentor them in their progress, provide leadership and direction to the squadron, and help lead us to future goals. I'd also like to extend a congratulations to all of our cadets who have been awarded milestone achievements so far this year, and to those cadets who have completed their first basic encampment. We had eight cadets attend encampment and we have had our first two Earhart recipients for several years. Congratulations! 2011 has been a great year so far for the squadron and we look forward to finishing the year with strength, progress and ready to continue to grow our cadet ranks. As school starts in August, look to your new classmates and potential new cadets in Civil Air Patrol and let's set a goal to award each cadet in the squadron a recruiting ribbon for two recruits by the end of the next school year.

Ronald Thompson, Capt., CAP Squadron Deputy Commander

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The Autobiography of Eugene L. Carnahan and the Planes He Flew
I was born in Colorado Springs, Colorado in May 1932. At the beginning of WWII our family moved to Topeka , Kansas where I completed my primary schooling and entered high school. Upon graduation from in June of 1950, I entered the United States Air Force and reported to Basic Training at Lackland AFB, Texas. Then I went into the Military Air Weather service as a student Weather Observer at Chanute AFB, Illinois. After completion of training I was assigned to the Base Weather Station at Offut AFB, Omaha, Nebraska (then HQ SAC). About a year later on to Davis Monthan AFB, Arizona where I trained into Rawin Sounds (upper air sounding of the atmosphere for winds, pressure, temp., North American T-6 Texan and relative humility). Some time during this stay I was offered the chance to qualify for Aviation Cadet School. After entering Pilot Training Class 55 F and completing preflight at Lackland AFB, I went to Primary at Bartow, Florida where I flew the T6. Then on to Basic at Bryan AFB, Texas where the T28 and the Lockheed T33 were flown. All in all, about 300 hrs of flying were in bodied in finishing flying school. Which included all phases of instruments, formation, UFR transition and acrobatics. After graduation and receiving my commission and wings as a USAF Pilot in December 1954, I was reassigned as a flight instructor in the T28 and T33 aircraft. I remained at this job for about 18 months , then reassigned to Craig AFB as an Instructor Pilot. After completing that assignment my next stop was McConnd AFB, Kansas to check out in the B47 as an Aircraft Commander., then 4 years at Mt. Home AFB, Montana to check out in the B52, again in the position of Aircraft Commander. Then to Beale AFB for 4 more years with a SAC (Strategic Air Command) Combat Ready Crew. I was happily finishing my B52 Instructor Pilot check out at Castle AFB when I received orders assigning me into the pipeline to train as a forward air controller. Destination: Vietnam. During this training I flew the full F100 Qualification Course at Luke AFB, Arizona.

North American T-28 Trojan

Lockheed T-33 Shooting Star

Boeing B-47 Stratojet

Boeing B-52 Stratofortress

North American F-100 Super Sabre

In October 1967, I departed Travis AFB on my way to South Vietnam via the Philippines for the Jungle Survival Course. After arrival, I was sent to Plieku AB and assigned the 1st Brigade of the 4th Infantry Division at DakTo RVN. I logged about 650 hours in 365 missions in 01 and 02 Birddogs.

Cessna 0-1 Birddog

On returning to the US, SAC once again claimed me away to Wurtsmith AFB, Michigan where I was assigned the Command Post as an Officer Controller. My flying duties during this time were as Mission Support in the Douglas DC3. During the next 18 months, I flew about 650 hours in this plane, until my retirement in June 1970. ~ Eugene L. Carnahan, CAP November 1982

Douglas DC-3

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National Cadet Competition 2011
NCC...where to start! The late nights preparing uniforms, the intense stress during standard drill, the suspense at the banquet, etc, NCC will be remembered forever! The time spent in preparation, the attention to detail and focus during personal study has paid off! I must say that this is a competing top favorite CAP activity of all times for me! I want to say thank you to Majors Dustin and Laura Jones and Captain Thompson for all the time and effort that you all put into coaching us and being our escorts! Also a special thanks to Evan Yanagihara for all that you have done for us as a team! GO PACMEN!!! - C/Capt Mary Barb

NCC is not only a leadership experience but one of the most important and dedicating activities I have ever attended. - C/CMSgt. Jake Bernal

National Cadet Competition is my absolute favorite activity so far in the CAP! I made some good friends from different states all over America. I got to meet the national commander, and some of her staff, all of them were very wonderfully people. - C/2Lt John Barb

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National Cadet Competition 2011
NCC is one the most difficult, stressful, time consuming, but most worth your time CAP activities. Nothing can compare to it. The friendships and trust you build with your team is one of the strongest you will ever build. - C/2Lt. Anthony Smith

At NCC it's all different. You don't have one person in charge of doing everything...instead it's about everyone working together to be the best at something. Obviously I am really happy about the 1st place in Standard Drill but I am most happy that I've been given the opportunity to meet the people that I have. - C/Capt. Evan Yanagihara

Are you preparing yourself to be part of this elite group of cadets? Need more information about how to be selected? Contact C/Capt. Evan Yanagihara

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STAY COOL!
‘Extreme heat’ is defined as, “Summertime temperatures that are substantially hotter and/or more humid than average for a location at that time of year”. We’re in the middle of our summer season, and although it hasn’t been extremely hot for too many days in our part of the world so far, we still need to re-visit this very important topic. You’ve probably seen news reports and/or have had an experience where someone has suffered some sort of heat-related illness. Keeping the following information fresh in your mind could help eliminate or at least minimize heat emergencies: The most life threatening, hot -weather issue that CAP members may face is HEAT STROKE. Heat stroke occurs when the body is unable to regulate its temperature. The body’s temperature rises rapidly, the sweating mechanism fails, and the body is unable to cool down. Body temperature may rise to 106 degrees or higher within 10 to 15 minutes (keep in mind that ‘normal’ body temperature is 98.6). Recognizing HEAT STROKE – Warning signs vary but may include: An extremely high body temperature (above 103) Red, hot and dry skin (no sweating) Rapid, strong pulse (skin does not flatten when pinched/released) Throbbing headache Dizziness Nausea Confusion Unconsciousness What to do: If you see any of these signs, you may be dealing with a life-threatening emergency! Have someone call for immediate medical assistance while you begin cooling the victim. Get into a shady area (don’t have victim walk on his own if possible) Cool the victim rapidly using whatever methods you can (immersion in cool water, spray with garden hose, sponge, or wrap in a cool, wet sheet and fan him/her vigorously, ice under the armpits) Monitor body temperature and continue cooling efforts until body temp drops to 101-2 Do not give the victim fluids to drink Get medical assistance as soon as possible
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HEAT EXHAUSTION: is a milder form of heat-related illness that can develop after several days of exposure to high temperatures and inadequate or unbalanced replacement of fluids. Those most prone to heat exhaustion are elderly people, people with high blood pressure, and people working or exercising in a hot environment (just standing on asphalt in BDU’s can trigger overheating!). Recognizing HEAT EXHAUSION: Heavy sweating, Paleness, Muscle cramps, Tiredness, Weakness, Dizziness, Headache, Nausea or vomiting, Fainting The skin may be cool and moist, the pulse rate will be fast and weak, and breathing will be fast and shallow. If left untreated, it may progress to heat stroke. Help the victim to cool off, and seek medical attention if symptoms worsen or last longer than 1 hour. What to do: Give cool, nonalcoholic beverages Cool shower, bath or sponge bath Rest Get in an air-conditioned environment (a nearby car works wonders) Lightweight clothing (if multiple layers such as BDU’s, remove blouse, cover and shoes) Remember - If the environment is hot enough for the victim to get overheated, then it's hot enough for the rescuers! DO NOT LEAVE CHILDREN OR PETS IN CARS! (We still hear about this usually-tragic event on the news every year) Even in cool temperatures, cars can heat up to dangerous temperatures very quickly. With windows cracked open, interior temperatures can rise more than 20 degrees within the first 10 minutes; 50+ degrees on hot days. Anyone left inside is at risk for serious heat-related illnesses or even death. USE COMMON SENSE! Avoid hot foods and heavy meals – they add heat to your body. Drink plenty of fluids and replace salts and minerals in your body (don’t take salt tablets unless under medical supervision); dress in cool, loose clothing and shade your head and face with hats or umbrellas; limit sun exposure during mid-day hours and in places of potential severe exposure such as beaches; provide plenty of fresh water for your pets, and leave the water in a shady area. Hot Tip…Your best defense against heat-related illness is prevention. Staying cool and making simple changes in your fluid intake, activities, and clothing during hot weather can help you remain safe and healthy. For more information on ‘Extreme Heat’ and home-readiness, read the July issue of “The Safety Beacon”, page 3 in your e-services news section. Also, go to http://www.bt.cdc.gov/disasters/extremeheat for more ‘what you should know’ information. - Laura Clark, 1Lt., CAP / Safety Officer

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F-15 Strike Eagle Demo Team, Patriot Jet Team, F/A-18 Demonstration Team, U-2S Dragon Lady Spyplane, C-5B Galaxy, C-17A Globemaster III, USAF Heritage Flight, much more

and Tora! Tora! Tora! ...
Civil Air Patrol duties will be from 0700 - 1600 on both days. CAP is confirmed for Flight Line Control and VIP assistance - Best place to view the show! Overnight billeting is available for Cadets/Seniors coming from outside the area. If coming from out of town for overnight, please provide transportation to & from billeting. Cadets: Please email your CAWGF 150 by 4 Sept 2011 to the Cadet Project Officer: C/Capt. Evan Yanagihara @ cadetyani@gmail.com, denoting which day you will be attending. Both days are preferable! Cadet Staff Positions: Please be advised you must attend both days, preference given to early applicants. Please email a brief resume and CAWGF150 by 21 Aug 2011 to Project Officer: Capt. Aaron Yanagihara @ paocap85@sbcglobal.net. Senior Members: Please email CAWGF 150 to Capt. Aaron Yanagihara Send all signed CAWGF 150 to: Capt. Yanagihara, 417 Andri Ct. El Dorado Hills, CA 95762 An equipment list and directions will be forwarded once your CAWGF 150 is received.

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What's Next for NASA?
The end of the space shuttle program does not mean the end of NASA, or even of NASA sending humans into space. NASA has a robust program of exploration, technology development and scientific research that will last for years to come. Here is what's next for NASA: Exploration NASA is designing and building the capabilities to send humans to explore the solar system, working toward a goal of landing humans on Mars. NASA will build the Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle, based on the design for the Orion capsule, with a capacity to take four astronauts on 21-day missions. NASA will soon announce the design for the heavy-lift Space Launch System that will carry us out of low Earth orbit. They are developing the technologies we will need for human exploration of the solar system, including solar electric propulsion, refueling depots in orbit, radiation protection and high-reliability life support systems. International Space Station The International Space Station is the centerpiece of our human spaceflight activities in low Earth orbit. The ISS is fully staffed with a crew of six, and American astronauts will continue to live and work there in space 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. Part of the U.S. portion of the station has been designated as a national laboratory, and NASA is committed to using this unique resource for scientific research. The ISS is a test bed for exploration technologies such as autonomous refueling of spacecraft, advanced life support systems and human/robotic interfaces. Commercial companies are well on their way to providing cargo and crew flights to the ISS, allowing NASA to focus its attention on the next steps into our solar system. Aeronautics NASA is researching ways to design and build aircraft that are safer, more fuel-efficient, quieter, and environmentally responsible. They are also working to create traffic management systems that are safer, more efficient and more flexible. They are developing technologies that improve routing during flights and enable aircraft to climb to and descend from their cruising altitude without interruption. NASA believes it is possible to build an aircraft that uses less fuel, gives off fewer emissions, and is quieter, and they are working on the technologies to create that aircraft. NASA is also part of the government team that is working to develop the Next Generation Air Transportation System, or NextGen, to be in place by the year 2025. They will continue to validate new, complex aircraft and air traffic control systems to ensure that they meet extremely high

The Multi Purpose Crew Vehicle Credit: Lockheed Martin

The International Space Station in May 2011. Credit: NASA

The Research Flight Deck is being used to develop safer and more efficient cockpit technologies. Credit: NASA
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Science NASA is conducting an unprecedented array of missions that will seek new knowledge and understanding of Earth, the solar system and the universe. The Dawn spacecraft is making a year-long visit to the large asteroid Vesta to help us understand the earliest chapter of our solar system's history. In August, the Juno spacecraft will launch to investigate Jupiter's origins, structure, and atmosphere. The September launch of the National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System Preparatory Project is a critical first step in building a nextgeneration Earth-monitoring satellite system. NASA returns to the moon to study the moon's gravity field and deterThe Juno mission to Jupiter is set to mine the structure of the lunar interior with the October launch of launch in August 2011. Credit: NASA GRAIL. In November, NASA will launch the Mars Science Laboratory named Curiosity on its journey to Mars to look for evidence of microbial life on the red planet. And in February 2012, NASA will launch the Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array to search for black holes, map supernova explosions, and study the most extreme active galaxies. ~ Source: www.nasa.gov

What a Ride It's Been!
As a tribute to NASA's Space Shuttle Program, artist Brian Basset created this commemorative drawing depicting his characters, Red and Rover, racing alongside the space shuttle as it lands for the final time later this year. In 2004, Basset was honored with a one-man show of his space-themed comic strips at NASA Headquarters in Washington, D.C. On July 26, 2005, an original drawing by Basset commemorating America's return to flight launched aboard shuttle Discovery on the STS-114 mission. Basset created the strip in 2000 about a boy and his dog, who dream of one day going into space. Twice nominated by the National Cartoonists Society for Best Comic Strip of the Year in 2003 and 2010, Red and Rover appears in more than 160 newspapers worldwide and is syndicated by Universal Uclick. Previously, Basset worked as an editorial cartoonist for The Seattle Times. ~ Source: www.nasa.gov

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PLEASE CONSULT THE SQUADRON WEBSITE WEEKLY FOR CHANGES IN MEETING TOPICS AND/OR UNIFORM REQUIREMENTS

J U LY 2 0 1 1
JULY 7 14 22 28 Aerospace Ed./Safety/Blues Leadership/BDUs PT Character Dev./Blues

Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu 3 10 4 11 18 25 5 12 19 26 6 13 20 27 7 14 21 28

Fri 1 8 15 22 29

Sat 2 9 16 23 30

Activities

2 Summer Spectacular 14-23 CAWG Encampment

17
24/31

AU G U S T 2 0 1 1
Sun 7 14 21 28 Mon 1 8 15 22 29 Tue Wed Thu 2 3 4 9 16 23 30 10 17 24 31 11 18 25 Fri 5 12 19 26 Sat 6 13 20 27
Activities AUGUST 4 11 18 25 6-7 19-21 Aerospace Ed./Safety/Blues Leadership/BDUs PT Character Dev./Blues Squadron Bivouac PCAM Air Show

SEPTEMBER 2011
SEPTEMBER 1 8 15 22 29 4-5 10-11 17 Aerospace Ed./Safety/BDUs Leadership/Blues PT Character Dev./Blues Special Activity - TBA Labor Day Bazaar CA Capital Air Show Training Leaders for Cadets

Sun 4 11 18 25

Mon Tue Wed 5 12 19 26 6 13 20 27 7 14 21 28

Thu 1 8 15 22 29

Fri 2 9 16 23 30

Sat 3 10 17 24

Activities

Eugene L. Carnahan Cadet Squadron 85 PCR-C A-273 Summer Quarter 2011 Contact Information: Aaron P. Yanagihara, Capt., CAP Public Affairs Officer / Editor Phone: 916-257-2815 E-mail: paocap85@sbcglobal.net Meeting: On the Web @
Veterans Memorial Building 130 Placerville Dr. Placerville, CA 95667 Thursdays 1830 hrs—2100 hrs

www.cap85.org

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