Parking Standards

Contents
Page No.
Introduction 1
General Considerations 1-2
Cycle Parking 2-3
Motorcycle Parking 3
Interpretation 3
Parking Standards - Non-Residential Development 4-12
Annexes
Annex A Residential Parking Standards 13-15
Annex B Cycle Parking Design Details 16-21
Introduction
1. This document sets out the parking standards that the Department will have
regard to in assessing proposals for new development. It includes parking
standards for residential development previously published in ‘Creating
Places – Achieving Quality in Residential Developments’.
2. The standards comprise Supplementary Planning Guidance and should be
read in conjunction with the relevant policies contained in Planning Policy
Statements or the development plan.
3. The principle objective of the parking standards is to ensure that, in
assessing development proposals, appropriate consideration is given to the
accommodation of vehicles attracted to the site within the context of wider
government policy aimed at promoting modal shift to more sustainable forms
of transport.
4. The precise amount of car parking will be determined according to the
specific characteristics of the development and its location having regard to
these standards or any reduction provided for in an area of parking restraint
designated in a development plan. Proposals should not prejudice road
safety or significantly inconvenience the flow of traffic.
5. Developers are advised to consult the relevant development plans to
ascertain whether specific parking limitations apply to their proposed
development location.
General Considerations
6. In assessing the parking provision in association with development the
Department will normally expect developers to provide an access to the site
in accordance with the current standards
1
. Where appropriate, developers will
be required to demonstrate there is adequate provision of space within the
site, for parking, manoeuvring, loading and unloading to fulfil the operational
requirements of the proposed development.
7. Where developments incorporate more than one land use which are
functioning simultaneously, e.g. a warehouse containing a large office or
a public house containing a restaurant, the combined figures applicable to
both uses will apply. Conversely, in multi-purpose development where it can
be shown that separate uses operate at different times of the day greater
flexibility will be applied.
8. Floor areas quoted in the guidelines relate to Gross Floor Area unless
otherwise stated.
1
Development Control Advice Note 15, 1999 2
nd
Edition Vehicular Access Standards.
1
9. The term ‘one space’ used in the standards refers to standing area only and
the recommended minimum dimensions for a car space are 4.8 metres by
2.4 metres. The term ‘commercial vehicle space’ used in the standards refers
to the standing area required for the general type of commercial vehicle
which would normally serve the particular development.
10. The following are standard space requirements of some typical vehicles.
These may be used as basic minimum reference values but different layouts
such as parallel, herringbone and in-line, have slightly different overall space
requirements and detailed layout of parking spaces will be site specific.
Car 2.4 metres x 4.8 metres
Light Vans 2.4 metres x 5.5 metres
Rigid Vehicles 3.5 metres x 14.0 metres
Articulated Vehicles 3.5 metres x 18.5 metres
Coaches (60 seats) 3.5 metres x 14.0 metres
These dimensions refer to standing space only and do not take account of
access, manoeuvring space or space required for loading/unloading.
11. Operational parking space for commercial and service vehicles will depend
on the type attracted to a development and should provide for manoeuvring
space to enable vehicles to exit the site in forward gear.
12. Best practice on the number, size and layout of parking spaces reserved for
people with disabilities and general guidance on the provision of appropriate
related facilities is set out in the Department’s guide ‘Access for All’.
13. The Department will, on request or as necessary, provide advice on the
parking requirement for developments not covered by these standards taking
into account the number and size of vehicles likely to use the proposed
development at any one time and wider Government policy on transportation.
Cycle Parking
14. The promotion of cycling as a travel opportunity is part of the drive to
promote alternatives to the private car and encourage more sustainable
means of travel. One step in this process is to improve the provision, safety,
convenience and general environment for cycling by ensuring that the needs
of cyclists are fully taken into account in the development process. To help
promote cycle use the amount of good quality cycle parking needs to be
increased. It is important therefore that secure cycle parking is provided as
an integral part of new development.
15. Cycle theft is a major problem and concerns most cyclists. The provision of
carefully planned, secure parking facilities can help to reduce this concern
2
and may also help promote the use of cycle routes. A beneficial effect of
providing designated cycle parking areas may be a reduction in haphazard
chaining of bicycles to railings, pipes and lighting columns, thus removing
clutter and inconvenience to pedestrians and frontages.
16. Where the Department has determined that secure cycle parking facilities
should be provided the precise amount will be assessed against the
published standards. Full secure, weather protected parking will normally be
required for employee cycle parking. Weather protection will also be required
for visitor parking where space for ten or more cycles is provided or in cases
where medium to long-term cycle parking is required, for instance at public
transport interchanges.
Motorcycle Parking
17. Parking provision for motorcycles will be assessed on demand. The number
of motorcycles in use in Northern Ireland is approximately 2% of the total
number of cars. Where provided or required the location of motorcycle bays
within a development should take account of the requirements of users and
recognise that they are vulnerable in tight or enclosed space.
18. Motorcycle theft is also a problem that concerns most riders. The provision
of carefully planned, secure parking facilities which provide for natural
surveillance can help to reduce this concern. Additional security can be
afforded through the provision of security bollards or inground motorcycle
clamps to which motorcycles can be chained. Purpose built security systems
are also available which clamp the front wheel of a motorcycle and include
combined storage facilities for clothes and accessories.
Interpretation
19. For the purpose of interpreting the attached standards: ­
a) Gross floor space shall be calculated by way of internal measurement
to the inner face of the exterior wall and shall include any mall, covered
entrance lobby, enclosed circulation space, staff accommodation and
other ancillary space; and
b) Gross retail floorspace is floorspace used for selling goods by retail
and includes associated storage space but excludes any mall, covered
entrance lobby, enclosed circulation space, staff accommodation and any
other ancillary space.
c) Net retail floorspace is the area for the sale and display of goods, check­
out, counters, packing zones, circulation space from check-outs to exit
lobby, fitting rooms and information areas. Net retail floorspace shall be
calculated by way of internal measurement to the inner face of the wall.
3
P
a
r
k
i
n
g

S
t
a
n
d
a
r
d
s

-

N
o
n
-
r
e
s
i
d
e
n
t
i
a
l

U
s
e

C
l
a
s
s

2

D
e
s
c
r
i
p
t
i
o
n

N
o
n
-
O
p
e
r
a
t
i
o
n
a
l
P
a
r
k
i
n
g

S
p
a
c
e

O
p
e
r
a
t
i
o
n
a
l

P
a
r
k
i
n
g

S
p
a
c
e

C
y
c
l
e

P
a
r
k
i
n
g
S
t
a
n
d
a
r
d

C
l
a
s
s

A
1
:

S
h
o
p
s

F
o
o
d

r
e
t
a
i
l

1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

1
4

m
2

G
F
A

1

l
o
r
r
y

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

7
5
0

m
2

o
f

G
F
A

M
i
n
i
m
u
m

o
f

2

p
e
r
u
n
i
t

o
r

1

p
e
r

5
0
0

m
2
G
F
A

w
h
i
c
h

e
v
e
r

i
s

t
h
e

g
r
e
a
t
e
r

N
o
n

f
o
o
d

r
e
t
a
i
l

1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

2
0

m
2

G
F
A

1

l
o
r
r
y

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

7
5
0

m
2

o
f

G
F
A

M
i
n
i
m
u
m

o
f

2

p
e
r
u
n
i
t

o
r

1

p
e
r

5
0
0

m
2
G
F
A

w
h
i
c
h

e
v
e
r

i
s

t
h
e

g
r
e
a
t
e
r

C
l
a
s
s

A
2
:
F
i
n
a
n
c
i
a
l
P
r
o
f
e
s
s
i
o
n
a
l

&
O
t
h
e
r

S
e
r
v
i
c
e
s
2

U
s
e

C
l
a
s
s

a
s

d
e


O
f

c
e
s

a
n
d

s
e
r
v
i
c
e
s
a
p
p
r
o
p
r
i
a
t
e

t
o
p
r
o
v
i
s
i
o
n

i
n

a

s
h
o
p
p
i
n
g
a
r
e
a

w
h
e
r
e

t
h
e
s
e

a
r
e
p
r
i
n
c
i
p
a
l
l
y

t
o

s
e
r
v
e
v
i
s
i
t
i
n
g

m
e
m
b
e
r
s

o
f
t
h
e

p
u
b
l
i
c

1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

2
0

m
2

G
F
A

n
e
d

i
n

t
h
e

P
l
a
n
n
i
n
g

(
U
s
e

C
l
a
s
s
e
s
)

O
r
d
e
r

(
N
o
r
t
h
e
r
n

I
r
e
l
a
n
d
)

2
0
0
4
.

1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

3
0
0
0

m
2

G
F
A

f
o
r

c
o
m
m
e
r
c
i
a
l

v
e
h
i
c
l
e
s

M
i
n
i
m
u
m

o
f

2

p
e
r

u
n
i
t

4
C
l
a
s
s

B
1
:
B
u
s
i
n
e
s
s

C
l
a
s
s

B
1

O
f

c
e
s

1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

2
0

m
2

G
F
A

u
p

t
o

5
0
0
m
2
1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

3
0

m
2

G
F
A

a
b
o
v
e

5
0
0

m
2
+

1
0
%

o
f

s
t
a
f
f

p
a
r
k
i
n
g

f
o
r

v
i
s
i
t
o
r
s

1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

9
3
0

m
2

G
F
A
1

c
o
m
m
e
r
c
i
a
l

v
e
h
i
c
l
e

s
p
a
c
e
p
e
r

3
0
0
0

m
2

M
i
n
i
m
u
m

o
f

2

p
e
r
u
n
i
t

o
r

1

p
e
r

2
0

s
t
a
f
f

w
h
i
c
h
e
v
e
r

i
s

t
h
e
g
r
e
a
t
e
r

C
a
l
l

c
e
n
t
r
e
s

1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

3

s
t
a
f
f
+

1
0
%

o
f

s
t
a
f
f

p
a
r
k
i
n
g

f
o
r

v
i
s
i
t
o
r
s

1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

9
3
0

m
2

G
F
A
1

c
o
m
m
e
r
c
i
a
l

v
e
h
i
c
l
e

s
p
a
c
e
p
e
r

3
0
0
0

m
2

M
i
n
i
m
u
m

o
f

2

p
e
r
u
n
i
t

o
r

1

p
e
r

2
0

s
t
a
f
f

w
h
i
c
h
e
v
e
r

i
s

t
h
e
g
r
e
a
t
e
r

C
l
a
s
s

B
2
:

L
i
g
h
t
I
n
d
u
s
t
r
i
a
l
a
n
d
C
l
a
s
s

B
3
:

G
e
n
e
r
a
l
I
n
d
u
s
t
r
i
a
l

<
2
5
0

m
2

G
F
A

1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

2
5

m
2

G
F
A

1

s
p
a
c
e

f
o
r

c
o
m
m
e
r
c
i
a
l

v
e
h
i
c
l
e
s

M
i
n
i
m
u
m

o
f

2

p
e
r

u
n
i
t

>
2
5
0

m
2

G
F
A

a
s

<
2
5
0

m
2

w
i
t
h

a
d
d
i
t
i
o
n
a
l
1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

5
0

m
2

G
F
A

f
o
r

G
F
A

e
x
c
e
e
d
i
n
g

2
5
0

m
2
F
o
r

s
o
m
e

u
n
i
t
s

p
a
r
k
i
n
g
w
i
l
l

b
e

a
s
s
e
s
s
e
d

o
n
i
n
d
i
v
i
d
u
a
l

m
e
r
i
t
s

h
a
v
i
n
g
r
e
g
a
r
d

t
o

t
h
e

n
u
m
b
e
r
o
f

w
o
r
k
e
r
s
,

o
p
e
r
a
t
i
n
g
p
a
t
t
e
r
n
s
,

l
o
c
a
t
i
o
n

a
n
d
p
r
o
x
i
m
i
t
y

t
o

p
u
b
l
i
c
t
r
a
n
s
p
o
r
t

A

m
i
n
i
m
u
m

o
f

1

s
p
a
c
e

o
r

1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

7
5
0

m
2

G
F
A

f
o
r

c
o
m
m
e
r
c
i
a
l

v
e
h
i
c
l
e
s
,
w
h
i
c
h
e
v
e
r

i
s

t
h
e

g
r
e
a
t
e
r

M
i
n
i
m
u
m

o
f

2

p
e
r
u
n
i
t

o
r

1

p
e
r

5
0
0

m
2
G
F
A
,

w
h
i
c
h
e
v
e
r

i
s

t
h
e

g
r
e
a
t
e
r

C
l
a
s
s

B
4
:

S
t
o
r
a
g
e
o
r

D
i
s
t
r
i
b
u
t
i
o
n

S
t
o
r
a
g
e

o
r

D
i
s
t
r
i
b
u
t
i
o
n
C
e
n
t
r
e

1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

2
5
0

m
2

G
F
A

1

l
o
r
r
y

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

2
5
0

m
2

G
F
A

M
i
n
i
m
u
m

o
f

2

p
e
r
u
n
i
t

o
r

1

p
e
r

1
0
0
0

m
2
G
F
A
,

w
h
i
c
h
e
v
e
r

i
s

t
h
e

g
r
e
a
t
e
r

5
C
l
a
s
s

C
2
:

G
u
e
s
t

H
o
u
s
e
s
B
o
a
r
d
i
n
g

o
r

g
u
e
s
t

h
o
u
s
e

o
r

a
s

a

h
o
s
t
e
l

w
h
e
r
e
,

i
n

e
a
c
h

c
a
s
e
,

n
o

s
i
g
n
i


c
a
n
t

e
l
e
m
e
n
t

o
f

c
a
r
e

i
s

p
r
o
v
i
d
e
d
1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

b
e
d
r
o
o
m
,

p
l
u
s

r
e
s
t
a
u
r
a
n
t
,

f
u
n
c
t
i
o
n

r
o
o
m
,

c
o
n
f
e
r
e
n
c
e

a
n
d

b
a
r

a
t

1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

5

m
2

G
F
A
.

R
e
s
i
d
e
n
t

s
t
a
f
f

a
t

1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

3

s
t
a
f
f

o
n

d
u
t
y
N
o
t

r
e
q
u
i
r
e
d
M
i
n
i
m
u
m

o
f

2

p
e
r

u
n
i
t
C
l
a
s
s

C
3
:

R
e
s
i
d
e
n
t
i
a
l

I
n
s
t
i
t
u
t
i
o
n
s
H
o
s
p
i
t
a
l

o
r

N
u
r
s
i
n
g

H
o
m
e
1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

D
o
c
t
o
r

o
r

C
o
n
s
u
l
t
a
n
t
1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

3

N
u
r
s
i
n
g

a
n
d

A
n
c
i
l
l
a
r
y

S
t
a
f
f
1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

3

b
e
d
s
4

s
p
a
c
e
s

p
e
r

o
u
t
p
a
t
i
e
n
t

c
o
n
s
u
l
t
i
n
g

r
o
o
m
O
p
e
r
a
t
i
o
n
a
l

P
a
r
k
i
n
g

S
p
a
c
e

f
o
r

a
m
b
u
l
a
n
c
e
s

a
n
d

s
e
r
v
i
c
e

l
o
r
r
i
e
s

m
u
s
t

b
e

p
r
o
v
i
d
e
d

a
n
d

w
i
l
l

d
e
p
e
n
d

o
n

t
h
e

t
y
p
e

a
n
d

n
e
e
d
s

o
f

t
h
e

h
o
s
p
i
t
a
l
1

p
e
r

1
0

s
t
a
f
f
R
e
s
i
d
e
n
t
i
a
l

S
c
h
o
o
l
,

C
o
l
l
e
g
e

o
r

T
r
a
i
n
i
n
g

C
e
n
t
r
e
S
h
e
l
t
e
r
e
d

A
c
c
o
m
m
o
d
a
t
i
o
n

f
o
r

t
h
e

e
l
d
e
r
l
y

a
n
d
/
o
r

p
e
o
p
l
e

w
i
t
h

d
i
s
s
a
b
i
l
i
t
i
e
s
1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

3

N
u
r
s
i
n
g

a
n
d

A
n
c
i
l
l
a
r
y

S
t
a
f
f
0
.
2
5
-
0
.
5

s
p
a
c
e
s

p
e
r

b
e
d
,

g
r
e
a
t
e
r

w
h
e
r
e

p
a
r
t
i
c
u
l
a
r

p
a
r
k
i
n
g

d
i
f


c
u
l
t
y

e
x
p
e
r
i
e
n
c
e
d
W
h
e
r
e

n
o

c
o
m
m
u
n
a
l

l
i
v
i
n
g

s
t
a
n
d
a
r
d
s

a
r
e

i
n
v
o
l
v
e
d

n
o
r
m
a
l

r
e
s
i
d
e
n
t
i
a
l

s
t
a
n
d
a
r
d
s

a
p
p
l
y
M
i
n
i
m
u
m

o
f

1

l
o
r
r
y

/

a
m
b
u
l
a
n
c
e

s
p
a
c
e
1

p
e
r

1
0

s
t
a
f
f
6
C
l
a
s
s

D
1
:
C
o
m
m
u
n
i
t
y

a
n
d
C
u
l
t
u
r
a
l

U
s
e
s

N
u
r
s
e
r
y

s
c
h
o
o
l
s
D
a
y

n
u
r
s
e
r
i
e
s
P
r
e

s
c
h
o
o
l

p
l
a
y

g
r
o
u
p
s

1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

3

s
t
a
f
f
1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

1
0

c
h
i
l
d
r
e
n

1

L
a
y
-
b
y

o
r

t
u
r
n
i
n
g

s
p
a
c
e

a
s
a
p
p
r
o
p
r
i
a
t
e

M
i
n
i
m
u
m

o
f

2

p
e
r

u
n
i
t

P
r
i
m
a
r
y

S
c
h
o
o
l
s

1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

t
e
a
c
h
i
n
g

s
t
a
f
f
1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

2

a
n
c
i
l
l
a
r
y
s
t
a
f
f
O
n
e

h
a
l
f

o
f

t
o
t
a
l

s
t
a
f
f

p
r
o
v
i
s
i
o
n

f
o
r

v
i
s
i
t
o
r
s

F
a
c
i
l
i
t
i
e
s

a
r
e

r
e
q
u
i
r
e
d

f
o
r
b
u
s
e
s

a
n
d

c
a
r
s

t
o

p
i
c
k

u
p

a
n
d
s
e
t

d
o
w
n

u
s
i
n
g

e
i
t
h
e
r

c
o
a
c
h
s
p
a
c
e
,

m
a
n
o
e
u
v
r
i
n
g

s
p
a
c
e
o
r

a

t
u
r
n
i
n
g

a
r
e
a
,

a
l
l

w
i
t
h
o
u
t
e
n
g
a
g
i
n
g

r
e
v
e
r
s
e

g
e
a
r
I
d
e
a
l
l
y

a
n

i
n
t
e
r
n
a
l

o
n
e

w
a
y
s
y
s
t
e
m

s
h
o
u
l
d

b
e

p
r
o
v
i
d
e
d
w
i
t
h

a
s
s
o
c
i
a
t
e
d

l
a
y
-
b
y
e
t
o

a
l
l
o
w

s
e
t
t
i
n
g

d
o
w
n

a
n
d
p
i
c
k
i
n
g

u
p

o
f

p
u
p
i
l
s

b
y

b
o
t
h
b
u
s

a
n
d

c
a
r
S
p
a
c
e

c
a
n

b
e

p
r
o
v
i
d
e
d

u
s
i
n
g
r
e
i
n
f
o
r
c
e
d

p
l
a
y
g
r
o
u
n
d
s

a
n
d
d
r
i
v
e
w
a
y
s
A

m
i
n
i
m
u
m

p
r
o
v
i
s
i
o
n

f
o
r

b
u
s

s
p
a
c
e
s

w
i
l
l

b
e

r
e
q
u
i
r
e
d
w
i
t
h

a
d
d
i
t
i
o
n
a
l

p
r
o
v
i
s
i
o
n
d
e
p
e
n
d
i
n
g

o
n

t
h
e

n
e
e
d
s

o
f
t
h
e

e
d
u
c
a
t
i
o
n
a
l

f
a
c
i
l
i
t
y

1

p
e
r

1
0

s
t
u
d
e
n
t
s

S
e
c
o
n
d
a
r
y

S
c
h
o
o
l
s

1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

t
e
a
c
h
i
n
g

s
t
a
f
f
1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

2

a
n
c
i
l
l
a
r
y
s
t
a
f
f
1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

1
0

p
u
p
i
l
s
o
v
e
r

a
g
e

1
7
O
n
e

t
h
i
r
d

o
f

t
o
t
a
l

s
t
a
f
f

p
r
o
v
i
s
i
o
n

f
o
r

v
i
s
i
t
o
r
s

F
u
r
t
h
e
r

E
d
u
c
a
t
i
o
n

1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

t
e
a
c
h
i
n
g

s
t
a
f
f
1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

2

a
n
c
i
l
l
a
r
y
s
t
a
f
f
1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

4

s
t
u
d
e
n
t
s
o
v
e
r

a
g
e

1
7
O
n
e

t
h
i
r
d

o
f

t
o
t
a
l

s
t
a
f
f

p
r
o
v
i
s
i
o
n

f
o
r

v
i
s
i
t
o
r
s

L
i
b
r
a
r
i
e
s
A
r
t

G
a
l
l
e
r
i
e
s
M
u
s
e
u
m
s

1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

3

s
t
a
f
f

p
l
u
s
1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

3
0

m
2

G
F
A

1

m
o
b
i
l
e

l
i
b
r
a
r
y

p
a
r
k
i
n
g

s
p
a
c
e

M
i
n
i
m
u
m

o
f

1
0

p
e
r
u
n
i
t

7
C
l
a
s
s

D
1
:
C
o
m
m
u
n
i
t
y

a
n
d
C
u
l
t
u
r
a
l

U
s
e
s
(
c
o
n
t
i
n
u
e
d
)

H
e
a
l
t
h

C
e
n
t
r
e
s
D
o
c
t
o
r
s


S
u
r
g
e
r
i
e
s
D
a
y

C
l
i
n
i
c
s
D
e
n
t
i
s
t
s

S
u
r
g
e
r
i
e
s
V
e
t
e
r
i
n
a
r
y

S
u
r
g
e
r
i
e
s

1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

D
o
c
t
o
r
,

D
e
n
t
i
s
t

o
r

V
e
t
.
1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

2

o
t
h
e
r

s
t
a
f
f
.
4

s
p
a
c
e
s

p
e
r

c
o
n
s
u
l
t
i
n
g
o
r

t
r
e
a
t
m
e
n
t

r
o
o
m
.
1

a
m
b
u
l
a
n
c
e

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r
H
e
a
l
t
h

C
e
n
t
r
e

(
m
i
n
i
m
u
m
)

V
e
t
e
r
i
n
a
r
y

S
u
r
g
e
r
i
e
s

m
u
s
t

p
r
o
v
i
d
e

a
d
e
q
u
a
t
e

t
u
r
n
i
n
g
a
n
d

m
a
n
o
e
u
v
r
i
n
g

s
p
a
c
e

f
o
r
l
a
r
g
e
r

v
e
h
i
c
l
e
s

w
i
t
h

t
r
a
i
l
e
r
s
w
h
e
r
e

l
a
r
g
e

a
n
i
m
a
l

p
r
a
c
t
i
c
e

i
s
i
n
v
o
l
v
e
d

M
i
n
i
m
u
m

o
f

2

p
e
r

u
n
i
t

C
l
a
s
s

D
2
:
A
s
s
e
m
b
l
y

a
n
d
L
e
i
s
u
r
e

T
h
e
a
t
r
e
s
,

C
i
n
e
m
a
s
,
C
o
n
c
e
r
t

H
a
l
l
s
,

D
a
n
c
e
H
a
l
l
s

a
n
d

B
i
n
g
o

H
a
l
l
s

1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

3

s
e
a
t
s

M
i
n
i
m
u
m

o
f

1
0

p
e
r
u
n
i
t

N
o

S
p
e
c
i


c

C
l
a
s
s

S
u
i

G
e
n
e
r
i
s


C
h
u
r
c
h
e
s

a
n
d

C
h
u
r
c
h
H
a
l
l
s

1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

3

s
e
a
t
s

C
h
u
r
c
h
e
s

s
h
a
l
l

h
a
v
e

a
m
i
n
i
m
u
m

o
f

1

c
o
a
c
h

s
p
a
c
e

M
i
n
i
m
u
m

o
f

1
0

p
e
r
u
n
i
t

I
n
d
o
o
r

/

o
u
t
d
o
o
r
s
t
a
d
i
a

i
n
c
l
u
d
i
n
g

r
u
g
b
y
,

f
o
o
t
b
a
l
l
,

s
o
c
c
e
r
,

g
a
e
l
i
c

f
o
o
t
b
a
l
l
,

s
k
a
t
i
n
g

e
t
c
.

1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

3

s
t
a
f
f
1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

3

p
l
a
y
e
r
s

/
c
o
m
p
e
t
i
t
o
r
s
1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

3

s
p
e
c
t
a
t
o
r
s

1

c
o
a
c
h

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

5
0
0
s
p
e
c
t
a
t
o
r
s

M
i
n
i
m
u
m

o
f

1
0

p
e
r
u
n
i
t

o
r

1

p
e
r

5
0

s
e
a
t
s
,
w
h
i
c
h
e
v
e
r

i
s

t
h
e
g
r
e
a
t
e
r

S
o
c
c
e
r
,

H
o
c
k
e
y
,

R
u
g
b
y
,

C
r
i
c
k
e
t

e
t
c

P
i
t
c
h
e
s

1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

3

p
l
a
y
e
r
s

1

c
o
a
c
h

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

4

p
i
t
c
h
e
s

M
i
n
i
m
u
m

o
f

2

p
e
r
p
i
t
c
h

S
p
o
r
t
s

/

L
e
i
s
u
r
e
C
e
n
t
r
e
s

1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

3

s
t
a
f
f
1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

3

p
l
a
y
e
r
s
1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

3

s
p
e
c
t
a
t
o
r
s

M
i
n
i
m
u
m

o
f

1
0

p
e
r
u
n
i
t

8
S
u
i

G
e
n
e
r
i
s
(
c
o
n
t
i
n
u
e
d
)

S
w
i
m
m
i
n
g

P
o
o
l

1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

3

S
t
a
f
f
P
a
t
r
o
n
s

=

1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r
5
m
2

p
e
r

p
o
o
l

/

r
i
n
k
S
p
e
c
t
a
t
o
r
s

=

1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r
3

s
e
a
t
s

1

c
o
a
c
h

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

5
0
0
S
p
e
c
t
a
t
o
r
s

M
i
n
i
m
u
m

o
f

1
0

p
e
r
u
n
i
t

G
o
l
f

C
o
u
r
s
e
s

1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

3

S
t
a
f
f
4

s
p
a
c
e
s

p
e
r

h
o
l
e

f
o
r
p
l
a
y
e
r
s
B
a
r

a
n
d

r
e
s
t
a
u
r
a
n
t

t
o

b
e
a
s
s
e
s
s
e
d

s
e
p
a
r
a
t
e
l
y
1
1
/
2

s
p
a
c
e
s

p
e
r

b
a
y

f
o
r

a
g
o
l
f

d
r
i
v
i
n
g

r
a
n
g
e

M
i
n
i
m
u
m

o
f

5

p
e
r
c
o
u
r
s
e

M
a
r
i
n
a
s

1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

3

S
t
a
f
f
B
o
a
t

u
s
e
r
s

=

1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r
b
e
r
t
h
1

t
r
a
i
l
e
r

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

1
0
b
e
r
t
h
s

M
i
n
i
m
u
m

o
f

5

p
e
r

u
n
i
t

C
a
r
a
v
a
n

/

C
a
m
p
i
n
g
S
i
t
e
s

1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

3

S
t
a
f
f

(
a
d
j
a
c
e
n
t

t
o

s
i
t
e

o
f


c
e
)
1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

1
0

p
i
t
c
h
e
s
(
a
d
j
a
c
e
n
t

t
o

s
i
t
e

o
f


c
e
)

1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

p
i
t
c
h
P
u
b
l
i
c

O
p
e
n

S
p
a
c
e

4

s
p
a
c
e
s

p
e
r

h
e
c
t
a
r
e
T
a
x
i

O
f

c
e
s

1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

2
0

m
2
G
F
A
.

D
e
p
e
n
d
i
n
g

o
n

t
h
e

s
c
a
l
e

a
n
d

c
h
a
r
a
c
t
e
r

o
f
t
h
e

p
r
o
p
o
s
a
l

a
d
d
i
t
i
o
n
a
l
p
a
r
k
i
n
g

f
a
c
i
l
i
t
i
e
s

m
a
y

b
e
r
e
q
u
i
r
e
d

1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

9
3
0

m
2
1

c
o
m
m
e
r
c
i
a
l

v
e
h
i
c
l
e

s
p
a
c
e
p
e
r

3
0
0
0

m
2

G
F
A

9
S
u
i

G
e
n
e
r
i
s
(
c
o
n
t
i
n
u
e
d
)

H
o
t
e
l
s

1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

b
e
d
r
o
o
m

p
l
u
s
r
e
s
t
a
u
r
a
n
t
,

f
u
n
c
t
i
o
n
r
o
o
m
,
c
o
n
f
e
r
e
n
c
e

a
n
d

b
a
r

a
t
1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

5

m
2

G
F
A
.

R
e
s
i
d
e
n
t

s
t
a
f
f

a
t

1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

3

s
t
a
f
f

o
n

d
u
t
y

M
i
n
i
m
u
m

o
f

1

l
o
r
r
y

s
p
a
c
e

a
n
d
m
a
n
o
e
u
v
r
i
n
g

s
p
a
c
e

f
o
r

c
o
a
c
h

M
i
n
i
m
u
m

o
f

2

p
e
r

u
n
i
t
+

1

p
e
r

3
0

b
e
d
s

B
a
r
s
O
u
t
s
i
d
e

d
e
v
e
l
o
p
m
e
n
t
l
i
m
i
t
I
n
s
i
d
e

d
e
v
e
l
o
p
m
e
n
t
l
i
m
i
t

1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

3

m
2

N
F
A

1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

5

m
2

N
F
A

1

l
o
r
r
y

s
p
a
c
e

w
h
e
n

>
5
0
0

m
2

G
F
A
1

l
o
r
r
y

s
p
a
c
e

w
h
e
n

>
5
0
0

m
2

G
F
A

M
i
n
i
m
u
m

o
f

5

p
e
r

u
n
i
t

R
e
s
t
a
u
r
a
n
t
s
O
u
t
s
i
d
e

d
e
v
e
l
o
p
m
e
n
t
l
i
m
i
t
I
n
s
i
d
e

d
e
v
e
l
o
p
m
e
n
t
l
i
m
i
t

1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

3

m
2

N
F
A

1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

5

m
2

N
F
A

1

l
o
r
r
y

s
p
a
c
e

w
h
e
n

>
5
0
0

m
2

N
F
A
1

l
o
r
r
y

s
p
a
c
e

w
h
e
n

>
5
0
0

m
2

G
F
A

M
i
n
i
m
u
m

o
f

2

p
e
r

u
n
i
t

R
o
a
d
s
i
d
e

r
e
s
t
a
u
r
a
n
t
o
r

s
e
r
v
i
c
e

r
e
s
t
a
u
r
a
n
t
o
u
t
s
i
d
e

t
h
e
d
e
v
e
l
o
p
m
e
n
t

l
i
m
i
t
T
a
r
g
e
t
i
n
g

m
i
x
e
d

u
s
e

o
f

l
o
r
r
i
e
s

a
n
d

c
a
r
s

A

m
i
n
i
m
u
m

o
f

6

N
o

e
a
s
i
l
y

a
c
c
e
s
s
i
b
l
e

H
G
V
,

a
n
d

2

N
o

c
a
r

w
i
t
h

c
a
r
a
v
a
n

s
p
a
c
e
s
p
l
u
s

m
i
n
i
m
u
m

c
a
r

p
a
r
k
i
n
g
s
p
a
c
e
s

a
t

1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

3
m
2

N
F
A

p
l
u
s

1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

3

s
t
a
f
f

N
o
t

r
e
q
u
i
r
e
d

M
i
n
i
m
u
m

o
f

2

p
e
r

u
n
i
t

10
S
u
i

G
e
n
e
r
i
s
(
c
o
n
t
i
n
u
e
d
)

H
o
t

f
o
o
d

t
a
k
e

a
w
a
y
.

S
t
r
e
e
t

f
r
o
n
t
a
g
e

i
n


l
l

1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

3

m
2

N
F
A

a
n
d

1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

3

s
t
a
f
f

M
i
n
i
m
u
m

o
f

2

p
e
r

u
n
i
t

D
r
i
v
e

t
h
r
o
u
g
h

/

t
a
k
e
a
w
a
y

r
e
s
t
a
u
r
a
n
t

1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

3

m
2

N
F
A

a
n
d

1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

3

s
t
a
f
f
M
i
n
i
m
u
m

l
e
n
g
t
h

o
f

d
r
i
v
e
t
h
r
o
u
g
h

q
u
e
u
e

p
r
o
v
i
s
i
o
n
s
h
o
u
l
d

b
e

s
u
f

c
i
e
n
t

f
o
r

1
5
c
a
r
s

w
i
t
h
o
u
t

i
n
t
e
r
f
e
r
e
n
c
e
w
i
t
h

o
t
h
e
r

p
a
r
k
i
n
g

o
r

t
h
e
p
u
b
l
i
c

r
o
a
d

M
i
n
i
m
u
m

o
f

2

p
e
r

u
n
i
t

T
r
a
n
s
p
o
r
t

C
a
f
é
O
u
t
s
i
d
e

d
e
v
e
l
o
p
m
e
n
t
l
i
m
i
t

1

c
a
r

p
a
r
k
i
n
g

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

3
s
t
a
f
f
.
1

l
o
r
r
y

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

3

m
2

n
e
t



o
o
r

a
r
e
a

M
i
n
i
m
u
m

o
f

2

p
e
r

u
n
i
t

C
a
r

S
h
o
w
r
o
o
m
s

O
f

c
e
s
:

1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

3
0

m
2

G
F
A
S
a
l
e
s
:
1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

1
0
0

m
2

o
f

i
n
t
e
r
n
a
l

a
n
d

e
x
t
e
r
n
a
l
s
a
l
e
s

a
r
e
a

S
p
a
c
e

f
o
r

p
a
r
k
i
n
g

a
n
d
u
n
l
o
a
d
i
n
g

c
a
r

t
r
a
n
s
p
o
r
t
e
r

M
i
n
i
m
u
m

o
f

2

p
e
r

u
n
i
t

P
e
t
r
o
l

F
i
l
l
i
n
g

S
t
a
t
i
o
n

1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

p
u
m
p
p
o
s
i
t
i
o
n
,

p
l
u
s

1

w
a
i
t
i
n
g
s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

p
u
m
p

p
o
s
i
t
i
o
n
n
o
t

i
m
p
e
d
i
n
g

e
n
t
r
y

o
r
e
x
i
t

f
r
o
m

t
h
e

s
i
t
e

o
r

a
n
y
o
t
h
e
r

s
i
t
e

f
a
c
i
l
i
t
y
,

p
l
u
s

a
p
p
r
o
p
r
i
a
t
e
l
y

l
o
c
a
t
e
d
p
a
r
k
i
n
g

f
o
r

r
e
t
a
i
l

s
h
o
p

a
s
p
e
r

s
h
o
p
p
i
n
g

s
t
a
n
d
a
r
d

S
p
a
c
e

f
o
r

d
i
s
c
h
a
r
g
i
n
g

p
e
t
r
o
l
t
a
n
k
e
r
.
R
e
t
a
i
l

a
s

p
e
r

s
h
o
p
p
i
n
g
s
t
a
n
d
a
r
d
.

M
i
n
i
m
u
m

o
f

2

p
e
r

u
n
i
t

11
S
u
i

G
e
n
e
r
i
s
(
c
o
n
t
i
n
u
e
d
)

G
a
r
a
g
e
s

A
d
d

t
o
g
e
t
h
e
r

t
h
e

n
u
m
b
e
r
o
f

s
p
a
c
e
s

r
e
q
u
i
r
e
d

f
o
r
e
a
c
h

c
a
t
e
g
o
r
y
,

e
.
g
.

r
e
p
a
i
r

a
n
d

s
e
r
v
i
c
i
n
g

g
a
r
a
g
e
s
,
s
h
o
w
r
o
o
m
s
,

p
e
t
r
o
l


l
l
i
n
g
s
t
a
t
i
o
n

a
n
d

r
e
t
a
i
l
,

e
t
c
.

M
i
n
i
m
u
m

1

l
o
r
r
y

s
p
a
c
e

R
e
p
a
i
r

a
n
d

s
e
r
v
i
c
i
n
g
G
a
r
a
g
e
s

S
p
a
r
e

p
a
r
t
s

s
t
o
r
e

­
1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

2
5

m
2

G
F
A

i
f

a

m
a
i
n

D
i
s
t
r
i
b
u
t
o
r
W
o
r
k
s
h
o
p

-

4

s
p
a
c
e
s

p
e
r

b
a
y

o
r

2

l
o
r
r
y

s
p
a
c
e
s
p
l
u
s

1

c
a
r

s
p
a
c
e

i
f

a

l
o
r
r
y
r
e
p
a
i
r

s
h
o
p

(
t
h
e

s
e
r
v
i
c
e
b
a
y

c
o
u
n
t
s

a
s

o
n
e

s
p
a
c
e
)
C
a
r

W
a
s
h

5

s
p
a
c
e
s

f
o
r

w
a
i
t
i
n
g

n
o
t
i
m
p
e
d
i
n
g

e
n
t
r
y

o
r

e
x
i
t
f
r
o
m

t
h
e

s
i
t
e

o
r

a
n
y

o
t
h
e
r
o
n

s
i
t
e

f
a
c
i
l
i
t
y

T
y
r
e

a
n
d

E
x
h
a
u
s
t

C
e
n
t
r
e

4

s
p
a
c
e
s

p
e
r

r
e
p
a
i
r

b
a
y
(
1

r
e
p
a
i
r

b
a
y

c
o
u
n
t
s

a
s

1
s
p
a
c
e
)
2

l
o
r
r
y

s
p
a
c
e
s

p
e
r

l
o
r
r
y
r
e
p
a
i
r

b
a
y
1

s
p
a
c
e

p
e
r

3

s
t
a
f
f

M
i
n
i
m
u
m

o
f

1

l
o
r
r
y

s
p
a
c
e

12
Annex A: Residential Parking Standards
Car Parking
A1 The following tables (Tables 7 & 8 from the design guide ‘Creating Places’)
set out the car parking provision required for residents and callers in
developments on green-field sites or in low-density areas. Lesser provision
may be acceptable in inner urban locations and other high-density areas. In
special circumstances, in some inner urban locations, ‘car-free’ developments
may be considered appropriate - where it can be demonstrated that
households will not own a car or will keep it elsewhere. Further guidance on
reduced parking provision is also provided in Development Control Advice
Note 8 Housing in Existing Urban Areas.
A2 The tables take account of the sizes and types of dwelling to be provided,
and the proportions of spaces to be provided within house curtilages and / or
in communal grouped parking spaces.
A3 The provision required beyond house curtilages should be located in
off-street communal parking areas or parking bays contiguous with
carriageways.
A4 A carriageway width of 5.5m is intended to allow for parking by casual callers,
and these spaces may be counted towards the total provision required
provided:
• they are clearly indicated on the submitted layout plan; and
• they do not obstruct entrances to driveways or block access along the
carriageway.
A5 Where in-curtilage parking is provided and driveways, by virtue of their
length, can accommodate 2 or more cars parking end to end, no more than 2
of these spaces will be counted towards the in-curtilage provision.
A6 Garages will only be counted towards the in-curtilage provision, where
they are large enough to both accommodate cars and make provision for
general storage, or alternatively, provision for general storage can be made
elsewhere within the curtilage.
A7 Each part of the layout should be self-sufficient with regard to its parking
provision. For larger developments it will therefore be necessary to consider
each part of the development separately to arrive at an appropriate total
requirement.
A8 Table 7 sets out the parking requirements for apartments and terraced
houses that only have communal provision. Table 8 sets out the requirements
for houses having one or more parking spaces within the curtilage. The total
requirements given include spaces for residents, visitors and other callers.
13
Table 7 Total number of parking spaces per dwelling required
for apartments and houses that have only communal
parking provision.
Dwelling size
(bedrooms)
Total no. of
parking spaces
required per
dwelling
(unassigned
spaces)
Total no. of parking
spaces required
per dwelling
(assigned spaces)*
Apartments Bedsit and 1 bed 1.25 1.5
2 bed 1.5 1.75
3 bed 1.75 2.0
Terrace houses 1 and 2 bed 1.5 1.75
3 bed 1.75 2.0
*Communal parking areas with assigned spaces will not be adopted for future maintenance
by the Road Service.
Table 8 Total number of parking spaces per dwelling required
for houses that have in-curtilage parking provision.
Dwelling size
(bedrooms)
Total no. of parking spaces required
per dwelling
No. of in-curtilage
spaces provided
1 2 3 4
Terrace houses 1 bed 1.75 2.25
2 and 3 bed 2 2.25
Semi-detached
houses
3 bed 2.25 2.5 3.25 4.25
4 bed 2.5 2.75 3.5 4.25
Detached houses 3 bed 2.5 2.75 3.5 4.25
4 bed 2.75 3 3.75 4.5
5 bed 3 3.25 3.75 4.5
14
Cycle Parking
A9 The design guide ‘Creating Places’ states that sufficient space should be
provided for bicycle parking within dwellings, garages or outside. Communal
bicycle stands should normally be provided in association with apartment
developments.
A10 Communal bicycle stands needed for apartments should be located so
that they can readily be seen from front windows and entrances to provide
informal surveillance. They should be well-lit after dark to enhance personal
and bicycle security.
A11 Provision should normally be made for bicycles to be supported
independently of each other. To promote security, the parking facility should
make it possible for the frame of the bicycle and, if possible, both wheels to
be locked to the fixture.
A12 A recommended bicycle parking facility is the ‘Sheffield Stand’. Other facilities
may also be acceptable and the advice of the Department for Regional
Development’s Roads Service should be sought.
15
Annex B: Cycle Parking Design Details
Cycle Parking General Requirements
B1 Cycle parking facilities should be:­
• Conveniently located;
• Secure;
• Easy to use;
• Adequately lit;
• Well signed and; preferably,
• Sheltered.
Cycle Parking Design
B2 Ideally a cycle parking facility should allow for the frame and both wheels to
be locked to the fixture. Cycle stands which only grip the cycle by a wheel
(these include concrete slots) are not recommended as they offer only limited
security and can result in damage to wheel rims. The accepted types of cycle
parking facility are: -
1. Sheffield style.
2. Rail or Guard rail.
3. Wall bracket.
4. Cycle locker.
B3 Other types or innovative designs will be considered on their merits, however,
types, which solely support wheels, are only considered suitable within
secure buildings.
B4 When designing parking facilities the space required for a parked cycle
should be taken as 2,000mm (length) by 600mm (width).
B5 It is recommended that parking facilities should be located as close as
possible to the entrance of the establishment they are intended to serve in
order that convenience and security may be maximised. Where possible
they should be placed so that they may be overlooked by occupiers of the
buildings or be in clear view of pedestrians.
B6 Stands placed in dark recesses or at the rear of car parks will not be
accepted as these will not be attractive in terms of security and are therefore
unlikely to be used.
B7 Cycle stands should be placed carefully in relation to their surroundings.
The appearance of cycle stands may be enhanced by incorporating them
into wider environmental improvement schemes. Care should be taken to
ensure that any stand provided does not obstruct pedestrians or incorporate
dangerous projections.
16
B8 Designs should aim to be:­
• Secure;
• Vandal-proof;
• Well lit;
• Easy to use, and
• Accessible.
B9 Sheffield stands and wall loops are recommended, preferably situated as
close to the destination point as possible, in well signed small groups within
appropriately illuminated areas.
Figure 1: Sheffield Stand
750
250
Minimum
200 radius
700 - l000
500
700
(500min)
min l000
Note: All dimensions are in millimetres
Sheffield Stand
B10 A typical Sheffield Stand layout is shown on Figure 1. The stand provides
good support to the cycle and allows the cyclist to secure both the frame
and wheels without risk of damage. Stands should be 750mm high and a
minimum of 700mm long. A desirable minimum distance of 1,000mm should
be provided between stands to accommodate two cycles per stand. Stand
ends should either be embedded in concrete, bolted to the ground or welded
to parallel bars at ground level to form a ‘toast rack’ system. Adequate space
should be provided at either end of the stand to enable cycles to be easily
removed. (Desirable size 700, minimum 500mm).
17
B11 At schools, leisure facilities or other similar locations where children may
attend, an extra horizontal bar should be provided 500mm above ground
level to provide support for children’s cycles.
Figure 2: Wall Bars
zori ontal
2000
l000
500
30
o
to
300
50
50
horizontal
Wall Bars
B12 Wall bars are simple, relatively inexpensive and may be more appropriate
than Sheffield stands in areas where pavement widths are restricted. Refer
to Figure 2. They may also be less environmentally intrusive than Sheffield
stands in certain circumstances. The disadvantage with wall loops is that an
excessively long chain is required to secure both the cycle wheels and the
frame. Therefore, in the majority of circumstances wall bars are likely to only
offer a limited level of security. Bars should be installed at an angle of 30
O
,
should be 500mm from the ground at their lowest point, project no more than
50mm from the wall, and be a minimum of 2,000mm apart.
18
Figure 3: Typical Cycle Locker
650mm 900mm tYp. l500mm
l
5
0
0
m
m

l
9
0
0
m
m

l
5
0
0
m
m

|n Line Configuration
Parallel Configuration
l
5
0
0
m
m

l500mm
l500mm
Pecommended l500mm access aisles around tzree sides of units.
Cycle Lockers
B13 When provided in conjunction with surveillance, cycle lockers offer a secure
parking facility which allows accessories to be stored and provides weather
protection (Figure 3). Lockers may be operated by coin or token, or be
secured by cycle lock. Credit cards or ‘smart’ cards may also be used. At
public transport interchanges a system of reserving lockers on a weekly,
monthly or annual season ticket basis may be appropriate. Lockers should
be a minimum of 750mm wide, 1,900mm long and 1,200mm high. A minimum
space of 1,500mm should be provided in front of the locker door for ease of
access. The main disadvantages with cycle lockers are that they are likely to
be more expensive than Sheffield stands and may be visually intrusive within
environmentally sensitive areas.
19
Figure 4: Typical Cycle Store Layout
2000min
l800min
clearance
2000min
Sheffield
stands
700(min)
l000mm
500min
Distance to
wall 700
(500min)
Cycle Stores
B14 Cycle stores may be used in lieu of lockers where space permits. They can
either be under continuous supervision or have a shared key arrangement,
where each cyclist has a key to the outer door. Sheffield stands should be
provided inside (Refer to Figure 4) in order that cycles may be individually
secured. This type of arrangement is likely to be most appropriate at work
places where users generally belong to the same group.
Cycle Parking in Car Parks
B15 Supervised provision within car parks is a common form of continental
commuter cycle parking. It has the benefit of offering increased security
but without the additional cost of installing lockers or stores and may make
efficient use of areas within the car park that may not otherwise be used,
provided that the space is clearly visible.
Cycle Parking Time Periods
B16 Cycle parking is generally required for 3 time periods:
(a) Short Term < 2 hours;
(b) Medium Term 2 - 12 Hours;
(c) Long Term > 12 Hours.
20
Short to Medium Term Parking
B17 Short to medium term parking facilities are generally used at:
• Public Transport Interchanges (Railway Stations, Light Rail Stations,
Guided Bus Stations, Coach Stations, Major Bus Stops);
• Public Buildings (Central Government, Local Government, Health
Facilities);
• Workplaces (Public, Private and Voluntary Organisations);
• Education Facilities (Primary, Secondary and Further Education);
• Shops and Shopping Centres;
• Parks and Leisure Facilities; and
• Places of Entertainment.
Medium to Long Term Parking
B18 Medium to long term parking facilities are generally required at:
• Major transport Interchanges (Railway Stations, Coach Stations, Airports,
Ferry Ports);
• Student Halls of Residence;
• Private Residences;
• Hotels and Hostels; and
• Camping and Holiday Sites.
B19 In addition to the requirements for short-medium stay parking, designs should
aim to provide:­
• A higher level of security;
• Weather protection; and
• Storage areas.
B20 Cycle lockers, cycle stores (compounds) or supervised areas within car parks
are likely to be more appropriate than unsupervised Sheffield stands as they
provide increased security and storage facilities. Where necessary, location
of Sheffield stands near to luggage lockers may be used.
21

Contents

Page No. Introduction General Considerations Cycle Parking Motorcycle Parking Interpretation Parking Standards - Non-Residential Development Annexes
Annex A Annex B Residential Parking Standards Cycle Parking Design Details 13-15
16-21
1
1-2
2-3
3
3
4-12

loading and unloading to fulfil the operational requirements of the proposed development. 4. 7. Conversely. 1 . 1 Development Control Advice Note 15. 5. in assessing development proposals. Floor areas quoted in the guidelines relate to Gross Floor Area unless otherwise stated. 2. 1999 2nd Edition Vehicular Access Standards. Proposals should not prejudice road safety or significantly inconvenience the flow of traffic. a warehouse containing a large office or a public house containing a restaurant. the combined figures applicable to both uses will apply. The precise amount of car parking will be determined according to the specific characteristics of the development and its location having regard to these standards or any reduction provided for in an area of parking restraint designated in a development plan.g. Developers are advised to consult the relevant development plans to ascertain whether specific parking limitations apply to their proposed development location. The standards comprise Supplementary Planning Guidance and should be read in conjunction with the relevant policies contained in Planning Policy Statements or the development plan. in multi-purpose development where it can be shown that separate uses operate at different times of the day greater flexibility will be applied. e. developers will be required to demonstrate there is adequate provision of space within the site. for parking. In assessing the parking provision in association with development the Department will normally expect developers to provide an access to the site in accordance with the current standards1. This document sets out the parking standards that the Department will have regard to in assessing proposals for new development.Introduction 1. appropriate consideration is given to the accommodation of vehicles attracted to the site within the context of wider government policy aimed at promoting modal shift to more sustainable forms of transport. It includes parking standards for residential development previously published in ‘Creating Places – Achieving Quality in Residential Developments’. manoeuvring. Where appropriate. 8. Where developments incorporate more than one land use which are functioning simultaneously. The principle objective of the parking standards is to ensure that. 3. General Considerations 6.

11.4 metres. To help promote cycle use the amount of good quality cycle parking needs to be increased.4 metres x 4. One step in this process is to improve the provision. 15. The provision of carefully planned.8 metres 2. The promotion of cycling as a travel opportunity is part of the drive to promote alternatives to the private car and encourage more sustainable means of travel. Best practice on the number.4 metres x 5.5 metres x 14. manoeuvring space or space required for loading/unloading. Cycle theft is a major problem and concerns most cyclists. It is important therefore that secure cycle parking is provided as an integral part of new development. size and layout of parking spaces reserved for people with disabilities and general guidance on the provision of appropriate related facilities is set out in the Department’s guide ‘Access for All’. The term ‘commercial vehicle space’ used in the standards refers to the standing area required for the general type of commercial vehicle which would normally serve the particular development. The following are standard space requirements of some typical vehicles.0 metres 3.8 metres by 2.0 metres These dimensions refer to standing space only and do not take account of access. 12. The term ‘one space’ used in the standards refers to standing area only and the recommended minimum dimensions for a car space are 4.5 metres x 14. have slightly different overall space requirements and detailed layout of parking spaces will be site specific.9.5 metres x 18. provide advice on the parking requirement for developments not covered by these standards taking into account the number and size of vehicles likely to use the proposed development at any one time and wider Government policy on transportation. on request or as necessary. herringbone and in-line. convenience and general environment for cycling by ensuring that the needs of cyclists are fully taken into account in the development process.5 metres 3. 13. secure parking facilities can help to reduce this concern 2 .5 metres 3. The Department will. 10. Operational parking space for commercial and service vehicles will depend on the type attracted to a development and should provide for manoeuvring space to enable vehicles to exit the site in forward gear. Car Light Vans Rigid Vehicles Articulated Vehicles Coaches (60 seats) 2. safety. Cycle Parking 14. These may be used as basic minimum reference values but different layouts such as parallel.

pipes and lighting columns. 3 . for instance at public transport interchanges. secure parking facilities which provide for natural surveillance can help to reduce this concern. Parking provision for motorcycles will be assessed on demand. Motorcycle Parking 17. The number of motorcycles in use in Northern Ireland is approximately 2% of the total number of cars. For the purpose of interpreting the attached standards: ­ a) Gross floor space shall be calculated by way of internal measurement to the inner face of the exterior wall and shall include any mall. fitting rooms and information areas. 16. staff accommodation and other ancillary space. Net retail floorspace shall be calculated by way of internal measurement to the inner face of the wall. circulation space from check-outs to exit lobby. Motorcycle theft is also a problem that concerns most riders. Weather protection will also be required for visitor parking where space for ten or more cycles is provided or in cases where medium to long-term cycle parking is required. thus removing clutter and inconvenience to pedestrians and frontages. weather protected parking will normally be required for employee cycle parking. 18. Full secure.and may also help promote the use of cycle routes. The provision of carefully planned. Where the Department has determined that secure cycle parking facilities should be provided the precise amount will be assessed against the published standards. Additional security can be afforded through the provision of security bollards or inground motorcycle clamps to which motorcycles can be chained. enclosed circulation space. c) Net retail floorspace is the area for the sale and display of goods. counters. enclosed circulation space. covered entrance lobby. Interpretation 19. packing zones. staff accommodation and any other ancillary space. Where provided or required the location of motorcycle bays within a development should take account of the requirements of users and recognise that they are vulnerable in tight or enclosed space. check­ out. and b) Gross retail floorspace is floorspace used for selling goods by retail and includes associated storage space but excludes any mall. Purpose built security systems are also available which clamp the front wheel of a motorcycle and include combined storage facilities for clothes and accessories. covered entrance lobby. A beneficial effect of providing designated cycle parking areas may be a reduction in haphazard chaining of bicycles to railings.

Parking Standards .Non-residential Non-Operational Parking Space 1 space per 14 m2 GFA 1 lorry space per 750 m2 of GFA Operational Parking Space Cycle Parking Standard Minimum of 2 per unit or 1 per 500 m2 GFA which ever is the greater Minimum of 2 per unit or 1 per 500 m2 GFA which ever is the greater Minimum of 2 per unit Use Class 2 Description Class A1: Shops Food retail Non food retail 1 space per 20 m2 GFA 1 lorry space per 750 m2 of GFA 4 Offices and services 1 space per 20 m2 GFA appropriate to provision in a shopping area where these are 2 Use Class as defined inprincipally to serve the Planning (Use Classes) Order (Northern Ireland) 2004. visiting members of the public Class A2: Financial Professional & Other Services 1 space per 3000 m2 GFA for commercial vehicles .

whichever is the greater 5 Class B2: Light <250 m2 GFA Industrial and >250 m2 GFA Class B3: General Industrial as <250 m2 with additional A minimum of 1 space or 1 space per 50 m2 GFA for 1 space per 750 m2 GFA GFA exceeding 250 m2 for commercial vehicles. whichever is the greater For some units parking will be assessed on individual merits having regard to the number of workers.Class B1: Business Class B1 Offices 1 space per 20 m2 GFA up 1 space per 930 m2 GFA to 500m2 1 commercial vehicle space 2 per 3000 m2 1 space per 30 m GFA 2 above 500 m + 10% of staff parking for visitors 1 space per 3 staff + 10% of staff parking for visitors 1 space per 25 m2 GFA 1 space for commercial vehicles 1 space per 930 m2 GFA 1 commercial vehicle space per 3000 m2 Minimum of 2 per unit or 1 per 20 staff whichever is the greater Call centres Minimum of 2 per unit or 1 per 20 staff whichever is the greater Minimum of 2 per unit Minimum of 2 per unit or 1 per 500 m2 GFA. location and proximity to public transport Class B4: Storage Storage or Distribution 1 space per 250 m2 GFA or Distribution Centre 1 lorry space per 250 m2 GFA Minimum of 2 per unit or 1 per 1000 m2 GFA. whichever is the greater . operating patterns.

Sheltered greater where particular Accommodation for the parking difficulty elderly and/or people experienced with dissabilities Where no communal living standards are involved normal residential standards apply . no significant element of care is provided Class C3: Residential Institutions Hospital or Nursing Home Residential School.25-0. in each case. conference and bar at 1 space per 5 m2 GFA.5 spaces per bed. function room.Class C2: Guest Houses 1 space per bedroom. Not required plus restaurant. College or Training Centre 1 per 10 staff 6 0. Resident staff at 1 space per 3 staff on duty Minimum of 2 per unit 1 space per Doctor or Consultant 1 space per 3 Nursing and Ancillary Staff 1 space per 3 beds 4 spaces per outpatient consulting room Operational Parking Space for ambulances and service lorries must be provided and will depend on the type and needs of the hospital 1 space per 3 Nursing and Ancillary Staff Minimum of 1 lorry / ambulance space 1 per 10 staff Boarding or guest house or as a hostel where.

manoeuvring space or a turning area.Class D1: Community and Cultural Uses Facilities are required for 1 per 10 students buses and cars to pick up and set down using either coach space. all without engaging reverse gear Nursery schools 1 space per 3 staff Day nurseries 1 space per 10 children Pre school play groups Primary Schools 1 space per teaching staff 1 space per 2 ancillary staff One half of total staff provision for visitors Secondary Schools 1 space per teaching staff 1 space per 2 ancillary staff 1 space per 10 pupils over age 17 One third of total staff provision for visitors Ideally an internal one way system should be provided with associated lay-bye to allow setting down and picking up of pupils by both bus and car Space can be provided using reinforced playgrounds and driveways 1 space per teaching staff 1 space per 2 ancillary staff 1 space per 4 students over age 17 One third of total staff provision for visitors 1 Lay-by or turning space as appropriate Minimum of 2 per unit 7 1 space per 3 staff plus 1 space per 30 m2 GFA Further Education Libraries Art Galleries Museums A minimum provision for bus spaces will be required with additional provision depending on the needs of the educational facility 1 mobile library parking space Minimum of 10 per unit .

4 spaces per consulting or treatment room. 1 space per 3 players / football. Rugby. Dentist or Vet. skating etc. 1 space per 2 other staff. 1 space per 3 spectators Soccer. soccer. Hockey. gaelic competitors football. whichever is the greater Minimum of 2 per pitch Minimum of 10 per unit 1 space per 3 seats Health Centres Doctors’ Surgeries Day Clinics Dentists Surgeries Veterinary Surgeries Class D2: Assembly and Leisure 1 space per 3 seats Theatres. 1 ambulance space per Health Centre (minimum) Veterinary Surgeries must Minimum of 2 per unit provide adequate turning and manoeuvring space for larger vehicles with trailers where large animal practice is involved Minimum of 10 per unit Churches shall have a minimum of 1 coach space 1 coach space per 500 spectators Minimum of 10 per unit Minimum of 10 per unit or 1 per 50 seats. Dance Halls and Bingo Halls No Specific Class Churches and Church ‘Sui Generis’ Halls 8 1 space per 3 players 1 space per 3 staff 1 space per 3 players 1 space per 3 spectators Indoor / outdoor 1 space per 3 staff stadia including rugby. Cinemas. Cricket etc Pitches 1 coach space per 4 pitches Sports / Leisure Centres . Concert Halls.Class D1: Community and Cultural Uses (continued) 1 space per Doctor.

Depending on the scale and character of the proposal additional parking facilities may be required 1 space per 3 Staff Boat users = 1 space per berth 1 trailer space per 10 berths Caravan / Camping Sites Public Open Space Taxi Offices 1 space per 930 m2 1 commercial vehicle space per 3000 m2 GFA .Sui Generis (continued) Swimming Pool 1 space per 3 Staff Patrons = 1 space per 5m2 per pool / rink Spectators = 1 space per 3 seats 1 space per 3 Staff 4 spaces per hole for players Bar and restaurant to be assessed separately 11/2 spaces per bay for a golf driving range Minimum of 5 per course 1 coach space per 500 Spectators Minimum of 10 per unit Golf Courses Marinas Minimum of 5 per unit 9 1 space per 3 Staff (adjacent to site office) 1 space per 10 pitches (adjacent to site office) 1 space per pitch 4 spaces per hectare 1 space per 20 m2 GFA.

functionroom. manoeuvring space for coach + 1 per 30 beds conference and bar at 1 space per 5 m2 GFA.Sui Generis (continued) Hotels 1 space per bedroom plus Minimum of 1 lorry space and Minimum of 2 per unit restaurant. and 2 No car with caravan spaces plus minimum car parking spaces at 1 space per 3 Targeting mixed use of m2 NFA plus 1 space per lorries and cars 3 staff . Resident staff at 1 space per 3 staff on duty Bars 1 space per 3 m2 NFA 1 lorry space when >500 m2 GFA 1 lorry space when >500 m2 GFA Minimum of 5 per unit Outside development limit 1 space per 5 m2 NFA Inside development limit Restaurants 1 space per 3 m2 NFA 1 space per 5 m2 NFA 1 lorry space when >500 m2 GFA Minimum of 2 per unit 1 lorry space when >500 m2 NFA Minimum of 2 per unit 10 Outside development limit Inside development limit Roadside restaurant or service restaurant outside the development limit A minimum of 6 No easily Not required accessible HGV.

Street frontage infill 1 space per 3 m2 NFA and 1 space per 3 staff Minimum of 2 per unit Minimum of 2 per unit Drive through / take away restaurant Transport Café Outside development limit Minimum of 2 per unit 11 Car Showrooms Minimum of 2 per unit Petrol Filling Station Minimum of 2 per unit . plus 1 waiting space per pump position not impeding entry or exit from the site or any other site facility.Sui Generis (continued) 1 space per 3 m2 NFA and 1 space per 3 staff Minimum length of drive through queue provision should be sufficient for 15 cars without interference with other parking or the public road 1 car parking space per 3 staff. Retail as per shopping standard. 1 lorry space per 3 m2 net floor area Offices: 1 space per 30 m2 Space for parking and GFA unloading car transporter 2 Sales:1 space per 100 m of internal and external sales area Space for discharging petrol tanker. 1 space per pump position. plus appropriately located parking for retail shop as per shopping standard Hot food take away.

petrol filling station and retail. repair and servicing garages. etc. Spare parts store ­ 1 space per 25 m2 GFA if a main Distributor Workshop . showrooms. e.Sui Generis (continued) Garages Add together the number of spaces required for each category.g.4 spaces per bay or 2 lorry spaces plus 1 car space if a lorry repair shop (the service bay counts as one space) 5 spaces for waiting not impeding entry or exit from the site or any other on site facility 4 spaces per repair bay (1 repair bay counts as 1 space) 2 lorry spaces per lorry repair bay 1 space per 3 staff Minimum of 1 lorry space Minimum 1 lorry space Repair and servicing Garages 12 Car Wash Tyre and Exhaust Centre .

no more than 2 of these spaces will be counted towards the in-curtilage provision. A7 Each part of the layout should be self-sufficient with regard to its parking provision. Lesser provision may be acceptable in inner urban locations and other high-density areas. and the proportions of spaces to be provided within house curtilages and / or in communal grouped parking spaces. in some inner urban locations. For larger developments it will therefore be necessary to consider each part of the development separately to arrive at an appropriate total requirement. and they do not obstruct entrances to driveways or block access along the carriageway. and these spaces may be counted towards the total provision required provided: • • they are clearly indicated on the submitted layout plan. by virtue of their length. A6 Garages will only be counted towards the in-curtilage provision. ‘car-free’ developments may be considered appropriate . Table 8 sets out the requirements for houses having one or more parking spaces within the curtilage. provision for general storage can be made elsewhere within the curtilage.5m is intended to allow for parking by casual callers. where they are large enough to both accommodate cars and make provision for general storage. 13 . Further guidance on reduced parking provision is also provided in Development Control Advice Note 8 Housing in Existing Urban Areas. A2 The tables take account of the sizes and types of dwelling to be provided.where it can be demonstrated that households will not own a car or will keep it elsewhere. A4 A carriageway width of 5.Annex A: Residential Parking Standards Car Parking A1 The following tables (Tables 7 & 8 from the design guide ‘Creating Places’) set out the car parking provision required for residents and callers in developments on green-field sites or in low-density areas. In special circumstances. visitors and other callers. or alternatively. can accommodate 2 or more cars parking end to end. A5 Where in-curtilage parking is provided and driveways. A3 The provision required beyond house curtilages should be located in off-street communal parking areas or parking bays contiguous with carriageways. A8 Table 7 sets out the parking requirements for apartments and terraced houses that only have communal provision. The total requirements given include spaces for residents.

5 1.0 Apartments Bedsit and 1 bed 2 bed 3 bed Terrace houses 1 and 2 bed 3 bed *Communal parking areas with assigned spaces will not be adopted for future maintenance by the Road Service.0 1.25 2.25 1. of Total no.75 3 2 2.25 3.25 3.5 1.25 2.75 4.25 4.5 2. of parking parking spaces spaces required required per per dwelling dwelling (assigned spaces)* (unassigned spaces) 1. of parking spaces required per dwelling 1 1.75 3.5 4.25 4. Dwelling size (bedrooms) No.75 3 3.75 2.5 3.Table 7 Total number of parking spaces per dwelling required for apartments and houses that have only communal parking provision.75 1.25 2.5 2.5 3.5 1.25 4.5 3 4 14 .75 1.75 2.75 2 2. Dwelling size (bedrooms) Total no.75 2.5 2. of in-curtilage spaces provided Terrace houses Semi-detached houses Detached houses 1 bed 2 and 3 bed 3 bed 4 bed 3 bed 4 bed 5 bed Total no. Table 8 Total number of parking spaces per dwelling required for houses that have in-curtilage parking provision.

A11 Provision should normally be made for bicycles to be supported independently of each other. if possible. They should be well-lit after dark to enhance personal and bicycle security. To promote security. garages or outside. both wheels to be locked to the fixture.Cycle Parking A9 The design guide ‘Creating Places’ states that sufficient space should be provided for bicycle parking within dwellings. 15 . the parking facility should make it possible for the frame of the bicycle and. A12 A recommended bicycle parking facility is the ‘Sheffield Stand’. Communal bicycle stands should normally be provided in association with apartment developments. Other facilities may also be acceptable and the advice of the Department for Regional Development’s Roads Service should be sought. A10 Communal bicycle stands needed for apartments should be located so that they can readily be seen from front windows and entrances to provide informal surveillance.

Well signed and. B7 Cycle stands should be placed carefully in relation to their surroundings. B6 Stands placed in dark recesses or at the rear of car parks will not be accepted as these will not be attractive in terms of security and are therefore unlikely to be used. however. The accepted types of cycle parking facility are: 1. Sheffield style. Cycle locker. Easy to use. types. 3. Where possible they should be placed so that they may be overlooked by occupiers of the buildings or be in clear view of pedestrians. Secure.Annex B: Cycle Parking Design Details Cycle Parking General Requirements B1 Cycle parking facilities should be:­ • • • • • • Conveniently located. Care should be taken to ensure that any stand provided does not obstruct pedestrians or incorporate dangerous projections. 4. are only considered suitable within secure buildings. B4 When designing parking facilities the space required for a parked cycle should be taken as 2. preferably. Cycle Parking Design B2 Ideally a cycle parking facility should allow for the frame and both wheels to be locked to the fixture. which solely support wheels.000mm (length) by 600mm (width). B5 It is recommended that parking facilities should be located as close as possible to the entrance of the establishment they are intended to serve in order that convenience and security may be maximised. 16 . Sheltered. B3 Other types or innovative designs will be considered on their merits. The appearance of cycle stands may be enhanced by incorporating them into wider environmental improvement schemes. 2. Wall bracket. Rail or Guard rail. Adequately lit. Cycle stands which only grip the cycle by a wheel (these include concrete slots) are not recommended as they offer only limited security and can result in damage to wheel rims.

000mm should be provided between stands to accommodate two cycles per stand. bolted to the ground or welded to parallel bars at ground level to form a ‘toast rack’ system. minimum 500mm). Adequate space should be provided at either end of the stand to enable cycles to be easily removed. Well lit. Figure 1: Sheffield Stand  MIN   -INIMUM  RADIUS  MIN    . in well signed small groups within appropriately illuminated areas. Easy to use. A desirable minimum distance of 1. heffield stands and wall loops are recommended. and Accessible. Stand ends should either be embedded in concrete. The stand provides good support to the cycle and allows the cyclist to secure both the frame and wheels without risk of damage. (Desirable size 700. Stands should be 750mm high and a minimum of 700mm long.B8 Designs should aim to be:­ • • • • • B9 Secure.OTE !LL DIMENSIONS ARE IN MILLIMETRES Sheffield Stand B10 A typical Sheffield Stand layout is shown on Figure 1. preferably situated as S close to the destination point as possible. 17 . Vandal-proof.

B11 At schools. They may also be less environmentally intrusive than Sheffield stands in certain circumstances. The disadvantage with wall loops is that an excessively long chain is required to secure both the cycle wheels and the frame. Therefore. and be a minimum of 2. an extra horizontal bar should be provided 500mm above ground level to provide support for children’s cycles. leisure facilities or other similar locations where children may attend. project no more than 50mm from the wall. Refer to Figure 2. Bars should be installed at an angle of 30O. relatively inexpensive and may be more appropriate than Sheffield stands in areas where pavement widths are restricted.000mm apart. 18 . in the majority of circumstances wall bars are likely to only offer a limited level of security. Figure 2: Wall Bars    O TO HORIZONTAL horizontal    Wall Bars B12 Wall bars are simple. should be 500mm from the ground at their lowest point.

1.900mm long and 1. Lockers may be operated by coin or token.Figure 3: Typical Cycle Locker MM MM MM TYP MM MM MM 0ARALLEL #ONFIGURATION )N . or be secured by cycle lock.200mm high. cycle lockers offer a secure parking facility which allows accessories to be stored and provides weather protection (Figure 3). Credit cards or ‘smart’ cards may also be used.500mm should be provided in front of the locker door for ease of access.INE #ONFIGURATION 2ECOMMENDED MM ACCESS AISLES AROUND THREE SIDES OF UNITS Cycle Lockers B13 When provided in conjunction with surveillance. 19 MM MM MM . The main disadvantages with cycle lockers are that they are likely to be more expensive than Sheffield stands and may be visually intrusive within environmentally sensitive areas. A minimum space of 1. Lockers should be a minimum of 750mm wide. monthly or annual season ticket basis may be appropriate. At public transport interchanges a system of reserving lockers on a weekly.

Cycle Parking Time Periods B16 Cycle parking is generally required for 3 time periods: (a) (b) (c) Short Term < 2 hours. Sheffield stands should be provided inside (Refer to Figure 4) in order that cycles may be individually secured. 20 . Medium Term 2 . provided that the space is clearly visible. They can either be under continuous supervision or have a shared key arrangement. Long Term > 12 Hours. It has the benefit of offering increased security but without the additional cost of installing lockers or stores and may make efficient use of areas within the car park that may not otherwise be used. Cycle Parking in Car Parks B15 Supervised provision within car parks is a common form of continental commuter cycle parking.Figure 4: Typical Cycle Store Layout MIN MIN CLEARANCE MIN 3HEFFIELD MIN STANDS MM $ISTANCE TO WALL  MIN MIN Cycle Stores B14 Cycle stores may be used in lieu of lockers where space permits.12 Hours. This type of arrangement is likely to be most appropriate at work places where users generally belong to the same group. where each cyclist has a key to the outer door.

Where necessary. • Education Facilities (Primary. P • Hotels and Hostels. Medium to Long Term Parking B18 Medium to long term parking facilities are generally required at: • Major transport Interchanges (Railway Stations. Health Facilities). Local Government. • Public Buildings (Central Government. Major Bus Stops). Light Rail Stations. Airports. and • Places of Entertainment. B19 In addition to the requirements for short-medium stay parking. location of Sheffield stands near to luggage lockers may be used. • Shops and Shopping Centres. • Parks and Leisure Facilities. • Student Halls of Residence. Private and Voluntary Organisations). S B20 Cycle lockers. Secondary and Further Education). Coach Stations. and • Camping and Holiday Sites.Short to Medium Term Parking B17 Short to medium term parking facilities are generally used at: • Public Transport Interchanges (Railway Stations. 21 . Coach Stations. Ferry Ports). • rivate Residences. designs should aim to provide:­ • A higher level of security. • Workplaces (Public. cycle stores (compounds) or supervised areas within car parks are likely to be more appropriate than unsupervised Sheffield stands as they provide increased security and storage facilities. and • torage areas. Guided Bus Stations. • Weather protection.