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Vpt421 Veterinary Toxicology Tanuvas Lecture Notes

Vpt421 Veterinary Toxicology Tanuvas Lecture Notes

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VPT 421 TOXICOLOGY TANUVAS LECTURE NOTES
VPT 421 TOXICOLOGY TANUVAS LECTURE NOTES

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Published by: Sunil on Sep 11, 2012
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•The Codex Alimentarius Commission is an international body established to develop
international standards for food.
•It aims to protect the health of consumers while ensuring fair practices in the food trade.

Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP)

•HACCP system is the internationally recognized system to help assure safe food production.
HACCP emphasizes prevention in the avoidance of food safety problems.
•The HACCP system is made up of three parts:
oThe identification of hazards, and the determination of the severity of the hazard and

risks.

oThe determination of critical control points (CCP) is required to control the hazard. A
critical control point is a location, practice, procedure or process which can be used to
minimize or prevent unacceptable contamination, survival or growth of food-borne
pathogens or spoilage organisms, or introduction of unwanted chemicals or foreign
objects.

oEstablishment and implementation of monitoring procedures to determine that each
CCP is under control. Monitoring systems must be able to effectively determine if a CCP
is under control. Corrective action must be defined to be used when a CCP monitoring
point shows that the system is out of control.

Radiation hazards:

INTRODUCTION

•In veterinary medicine, the greatest potential for acute radiation damage lies in accidents
releasing the contents of nuclear reactors, radiation cancer therapy used most commonly for
dog mammary tumors or a gross miscalculation of irradiation dose needed for diagnostic
imaging.

•Radiation fatalities at the highest dose can affect the CNS, possibly by damaging the BBB.
•At a lower dose they can damage intestinal epithelium with rapid turnover, causing the GI
syndrome and at a still lower level that can damage blood cells causing the hematologic
syndrome.

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