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Vpt421 Veterinary Toxicology Tanuvas Lecture Notes

Vpt421 Veterinary Toxicology Tanuvas Lecture Notes

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VPT 421 TOXICOLOGY TANUVAS LECTURE NOTES
VPT 421 TOXICOLOGY TANUVAS LECTURE NOTES

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Published by: Sunil on Sep 11, 2012
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a. Tropane or atropine like
alkaloids

Atropa belladonna, Datura , Hyoscyamus,
Erythroxylon

b. Pyrrolizidine alkaloids

Crotolaria, Heliotropium

c. Pyridine/piperidine
alkaloids

Conium, Lobelia

d. Pyrrolidine alkaloids

Nicotina tabaccum

e. Purine alkaloids

Coffea, Theobroma

f. Quinoline alkaloids

Cinchona

g. Isoquinoline alkaloids

Papver somniferum

h. Indole alkaloids

Claviceps, Strychnos

i. Quinolizidine alkaloids

Laburnum

j. Steroidal glycoalkaloids

Solanum

k. Steroidal alkaloids

Veratrum

l. Diterpenoid alkaloids

Aconitum

m. Phenylamine alkaloids

Ephedra

2. Terpenes

a. Monoterpenes

Cantharidine, Anamirta cocculus

b. Sesquiterpenes

Helenium microcephalum

c. Diterpenes

Aconitine from Aconitum sp

d. Triterpenes

Lantadenes from Lantana sp

3. Glycosides

a. Cyanogenetic glycosides Sorghum vulgare , Gossypol
b. Steroidal glycosides

Digitalis purpurea

c. Coumarin glycosides

Ipomoea sp
d. Anthraquinone glycosides Cassia fistula
e. Mustard oil glycosides

Brassica nigra

4. Proteinacious compounds

a. Toxalbumins/proteins

Abrin from Abrus preactorius
Ricin from Ricinus communis

b. Peptides

Amatoxins from Amanita sp.

c. Amines

Mimosine from Mimosa pudica

5. Organic acids

Oxalic acid from Beta vulgaris

6. Resins and resinoids

Cannabis sativa

53

Phytotoxins: Alkaloides and glycosides

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