The Story of DNA - Questions

Answer these questions while you listen to the discussion
1. What is one example of a trait inherited by children from their parents through DNA?
________________________________________________________________________
2. Describe the shape of DNA.
________________________________________________________________________
Complete this table about the structure of DNA:
deoxyribose = a kind of sugar with
3. ___________________
a nucleotide

made up of 3 parts

a phosphate group made of phosphorus
and oxygen
a nitrogenous base
4. ___________________ (A)
Thymine (T)

DNA

made up of 4 types of
nucleotide
5. ___________________ (C)
Guanine (G)

1. Hydrogen bonds are the reasons that DNA can write ‘codes’ out of the ‘letters’ that
are the bases of the DNA ladder.
T
F
2. What do we call the process of copying DNA?
________________________________________________________________________

Complete this table about the types of mutation:

(8) ___________________

where one or more bases are left out

substitution

where one or more bases are substituted for
another base in the sequence

(9) ___________________

where one or more extra base is put in

duplication

where a sequence of bases pairs are (10)
___________________

11. What is mRNA?
________________________________________________________________________
12. Although Francis Crick and James Watson were awarded the _________________ in
1962 for their work on DNA, Rosalind Franklin had not received recognition for her
work when she _________________ in 1958.

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