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ZEBRA Environmental Increased in Situ Remediation Efficacy With Sidwwinder Injection Technology and Electrical Conductivity Tracking

ZEBRA Environmental Increased in Situ Remediation Efficacy With Sidwwinder Injection Technology and Electrical Conductivity Tracking

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In-Situ Injection
In-Situ Injection

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Published by: ZEBRA ENVIRONMENTAL on Sep 13, 2012
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Increased In Situ Remediation Efficacy with an Innovative Injection Technology Electrical Conductivity Technology

Applied to Verify Post Injection Distribution of a Lime and Bentonite Gel Slurry at a Lead Acid Battery recycling facility

Effect of Hornet Tool
On distribution of a Lime and Bentonite Gel Slurry

In Situ Remediation Injections
Traditional remediation product injections in the environmental industry focus extensively on chemistry and biology, and the physical distribution of the agent in the aquifer has not received as much attention. For many remediation products, effective distribution or contact with the contaminant mass is crucial to successful remedial injection. Additionally, injected products often migrate to the surface adjacent to the injection rod string (blow-by), which substantially decreases remedial efficacy. The historical thought process was that the zones of higher hydraulic conductivity would most likely also contain the larger contaminant mass. It was assumed that these zones of higher conductivity would receive the majority of the injected remediation product. However, practical experience indicates that this theory of hydraulic conductivity and injected product acceptance may not be uniformly applicable across contaminated sites.

The Project
To Increase the Groundwater PH in the Injection Zone
•Injection Slurry = 2.5% Bentonite Gel + 10% Lime + 450 gal. •Injection Interval 7 ft to 20 ft BGS • Double Diaphragm Pump Set to 35 PSI used to Deliver Material • Hornet Tool used to Pulse Injection Slurry •Differential Pressure between Pump and Soil Matrix 12 - 22 PSI

What is Conductivity?
• EC responds to:
– Relative Soil Particle Size Distribution
• Sand = Low EC versus Clay = High EC • Must compare to a continuous soil core to standardize EC data!

– Presence of conductive materials
• Metal = Max EC Response

– Salts
• Presence of High Salt Concentration = Higher EC Response Compared With No Salts

• Data reported as milliSiemens per meter (mS/meter) and graphed over vertical profile. • EC probe = established technology, reliable and reproducible results.

Conductivity Set up

General EC Response to Soil Particle Size Distribution

What is the Hornet Tool?
• Generates a fluid pressure pulse causes momentary elastic flexure of the soil pore structure. • Increased Distribution • Helps eliminate “day lighting” and “blow-by”


Equipment Diaphragm Pumps

Equipment – Probes and Valves
Injection Check Valve Isolation Probe

Injection Ports

•EC Probe Detects Lime and Bentonite Gel Slurry Mixture •Pre-Injection EC Data Establish Baseline Soil Particle Size Distribution •Post-Injection EC Graph Line Deflection From Pre-Injection Indicates Lime and Bentonite Gel Slurry Mixture •Hornet Tool Influence Results by Reducing Day lighting and Blow-By

Injection Setup Without Hornet

Injection Setup Without Hornet

Site Overview Battery Recycling Facility
Injection Area


Data 5 FT OUT


Data 10 FT OUT



Lime Bentonite Gel and Lime Slurry

Site Photos

Site Photos

Site Photos

Site Photos

Site Photos

Results & Conclusions
• The EC data showed good comparisons between Pre and Post Injection Profiles
– “Clay” Peaks were Identified with some slight depth shift

• •

EC can be used to verify deposition of a lime/bentonite slurry after injection by comparison to Pre-Injection control locations The Hornet Tool appears to have enhanced the distribution of lime/bentonite slurry by restricting Day-Lighting and Blow-By

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