P. 1
Materials Selection Guide Final Version

Materials Selection Guide Final Version

|Views: 70|Likes:

More info:

Published by: Muhammad Riaz, 0092-333-5592619 on Sep 13, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

09/27/2013

pdf

text

original

All polyester resins are subject to air inhibition, which influences the cure in the outer surface of the
laminate, leading to a tacky surface or a surface that can be softened by acetone. Cure systems can
overcome this surface inhibition by incorporating a paraffin wax additive in the resin for the final
lamination. The wax works to prevent air inhibition due to its incompatibility. If the temperature is too
hot, the wax dissolves and becomes ineffective. Usually, the topcoat should not be applied if the
laminate surface is over 100o

F.

Thixotropes, Antimony Oxides, and Other Additives

Fillers are used to enhance a specific property of a
laminate, e.g. the addition of antimony trioxide to develop
flame retardance, but they can also be used to bulk the resin
with cheap filler at the expense of the finished laminate
properties. It is important to assure that fillers are used
wisely. In general, fillers detract from the performance of
resin.

63

Common fillers include silica flour, glass micro-balloons, milled fiber, graphite, carbon, metallized
fibers, silicon carbide, and ceramic beads. These materials may be added to extend resin or to add other
properties, such as electrical conductivity or abrasion resistance. Pigments are added to modify the
color and opacity of the resin. Fillers and pigments are not commonly used in the corrosion barrier.

The following Table lists commonly used fillers, the normal amounts that are used, and the purpose for
which they are used. Some amounts will be determined by the resin manufacturer, e.g. a certain
percentage of antimony trioxide to match the amount used in ASTM E-84 tests; other amounts will be
determined by the fabricator.

Filler

Amount

Purpose

Fumed silica

1-2phr*

Thixotropy (viscosity control)

Antimony trioxide

1-5phr

Fire retardant synergist

Antimony pentoxide

3-5phr

Fire retardant synergist

Aluminum trihydrate

50-120phr

Low smoke formulation

Carbon black/graphite

1-30phr

Electrical conductivity

Silica carbide

1-30phr

Abrasion resistance

Pigments/UV stabilizer

1-2phr

Cosmetics/UV protection

* parts per hundred parts
resin

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->