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Materials Selection Guide Final Version

Materials Selection Guide Final Version

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Published by: Muhammad Riaz, 0092-333-5592619 on Sep 13, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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FRP has been used for many years to accommodate hot acidic salt solutions associated with plating,
electro-winning, or anodizing involving zinc, tin, silver, gold, lead, copper, nickel, platinum, and
chrome. Often this is done at temperatures of 200ºF or higher, so the premium resins with high heat
distortion properties are ordinarily suggested. These resins also tend to have good dielectric properties.

As is the case with most materials, corrosion resistance life is a function of temperature and
concentration. It is difficult to generalize aspects of the numerous plating solutions which might have
been encountered, so it always good to test solutions in advance if there are concerns. Temperature
limitations given in the tables are only intended to be general guidelines. Some plating solutions, such
as those associated with chrome, lead, or zinc may contain HF or fluoride salts along with other acid
ingredients. Most fabricators will use synthetic veils for these solutions. Those solutions which employ


oxidizing acid, such as chromic acid tend to be the most aggressive.

Sound construction and corrosion resistance is important since many plating operations cannot tolerate
debris or impurities in the plating solutions. If the operations entail use of large parts or ingots, care
must be taken to avoid physical damage to the FRP construction.

Plating is usually done by a dipping operation. The baths have been made of total composite
constructions, but they have also entailed laminate lined concrete or steel. Good surface preparation,
priming, bonding, and surface cure are important. Laminate thicknesses of up to ¼” are commonly

Apart from the baths per se, plating operations require a great deal of ducting as well as scrubbers and
mist eliminators. FRP is widely used. In almost any plating plant, acid drift will eventually induce
corrosion to surrounding equipment, such as concrete flooring, grating, roofing, conduit trays, or
cooling towers. It is very common to use polymer concrete, FRP protected concrete, fiberglass grating
& handrails, and various pultruded composites for corrosion protection.

Picking is a commonly used process to remove rust or mill scale from steel and other metals. It is also
used to affect a more uniform surface on the steel to minimize compositional gradients which can
contribute to oxygen cell corrosion. Normally dilute sulfuric acid (2-5%) is used, but more
concentrated acids are also used, such as 15% HCl. The temperatures range from ambient up to about
200ºF. FRP has a long history of successful application.

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