You are on page 1of 30

,

"

substantial improvement

in

accuracy thanks toa.variety

to strengt~eIl th~mt e.g.,


,

use of VC

.,

1.

wore than one GVN

:;."':

~....

'

of steps

in~-. -the
organizational.
.
.
.

terror,1stor poli~ic;) -arenas during


-

}'

','

-.

.':

.its

.t>00r

assassination, etc.

\
r\
!':'.':

~woand one-half
of actions

years

we re launched to improve and make more effective

the

..

..;.~ :
".

Phoenix program.

A summary of' these give's a useful

per spect i ve to the current

':fo~h~iX~;~dr~:JiL~r~~t
~J~~W~:!~s~~~
"
prOVinci~~'~~~~~'ll~I'7{~~'~~~t;!~~~~
i~~~~t' ':~:!tt.i~~r.
"!"'~""i'

'<i\:"-:B;l:.t$.}~\~';;;;',ii;';;;';'::t~~~'!~?i;;h
J<;~/':~:;;~jij;lF~::':<f';~(\;"!;;l
as shown on the attached organizational'i'
"
':'
.
..
.' .; ,
."-~~'~~':~!'~~;i:;1?::":r
~'>~,,;t,~":. __','-+-';~~~~;~:f~~;~~):1;':,::"'~;::~'.~):~~~~~;i~,
..:,::.,;:,::;'.'~:'~;~~:_~
charts (Tab 18).
training program for GVN officials
working' in . the Phoenix .X
.: ':':'<~2~K\;{:;;:;.'
.'..
..' .-.
.:,;;;.f:'},.'~~,<:,::1d;c>; ;....~~-!i~~~~~:F(i:t"/);~X1;;:,~;~~;,ifll:~~~~~~
program was initiated
and has conducted, thetrail1in~rshown' in the 'attached~)1 ,: ....
."'i',;i;j\;;V(i\; .~jj; . ;";;:0'A,'

i.;'''.;,;'''".'.,'' .

t~e:~~i~;t~:~:;'adVisori"~~~~~el
shm:~\ntheattachedch~;tand.fa~ts~e;e.tpa.~:Y);~I~"f'~~f:i~}i1\

" ,

, On

shown on the attached

CommandAttention.

b.

chart

(Tab 20) and ha.ve~been giventhe+;~[o

Ona number ofocca~ions~thepreSident,and,\:


.

the Prime Minister


r , -

stressed

:;~

the impor'tance of the progracd,to asse~led

.. '.

..

" "'"

. Commanders, Province Chiefs and' otihe r officials.

-":>~

.r ;.'...,
A

.. '.~"

.:

""~"'.'

serieso~

special

~eg,iOn
t .

'

:"

:.. : ..

seminars

,-,',:.: ...

"

,heavily

e ng

in, the e::::::::

::i::::it:::~~1::i:r:O:~:ti:::a~::ec_

tions,and

\umbe;rof other programs' of the pacificatirn

Th~re was a

.nc Lfnat Lon

I
,"":,.;~--.::- "r:"

.:

'.~. '

and~velopment

to leave the workings of.'. the phoeni~program

Plan~

to the

...-

.;.;.,

j~niorofficcr~

if

,',.

.-

Among those

to be.
<,

officers

who did

focus

on the need for

-.'

tendency
.
.

tions

of this

to develop
.

'a favorite

unit

to conduct

nature.

The Phoenix

institutional

concept
<".

commit tee was never


~.-.

,7.

'.:

of

Operation

Pzocedure

for

application

.:

generated

.:

~.

other
, ,-~.

,-::"c :-:;;.

'

(Tab2Z)

the nation

t;

-c:

, meetings

-......: : :, ,"',' .....'.-,

in all

of coordination

basic

" .'

procedures

in command attention

and inspections

DlOCCs and PIOCCs

and of ..f.'ensive

tnrough

there

-:'"

to Phoenix,

;'-.::
...

c.

National

Chiefs

Police

in the

Police

with

form of special

i:.',':'" .;/., '-".'::;:

'''''.'':'

Phoenix" Committee
,",to.j.. >-,
;. ~"'-~.-:. ::". :.".'
:;'"
RegionCoinmanders,

meeting

_,

'all

has

Province

on 10 and 12 December.

Role.
.',t:J

the National

seminars

0-

;'~:~~f~:~~'~kS
::;;,~~;tii~~~ffi:;;.~,:.:
:':)_~.;~:.;t-~~~!;}';~:
.

I~

in MR2 and MR 3, a national

Police

againsl

which an increase

"". (,'J f!.:~!r?:,{.;\;\j;:;;,A ..,i:

on 1 December and Prime Ministerial


and Province

action

:~-~~#i~\~?~r~:(~::
~-,~:;:~,.
~:'~-~y~~{.~~}~~~;~i{~~~~:f::~j:
_ii~~~~)~\1:~_~?~&~;~~0!~t?/r~~~~:::~f~(~:;~_
..=~:~ii-

ca~' ~~')i:~lemented'~'"

. '.>:

gather ed outlined

->:;:~~:~~>:,r'~;04.~~~i,~;:~~~~r~~~\~~t;---~~~t-:
.
:~t~-~f.:
:k:,-.:\:

.'

,t1,;t~J:,~lan

,r:\i.::~.~\. ',':-;'_?~:\',q':/~~,::::~~>;:~yj~&~f~.::":i:(".;:~;~~,:~~,~:~;:::i'
';~-::<~Jf~,,'

"'. .:

Chiefs

t;~.:~_

'.

spirit

certain

reasons

-,

marked rise

~~'~'~:{~\:.'<
..-;~

has provided
for

S (attached)

thzoughou
"."<'~""

any great

..;~~--~~?j~>.\q
;1~~;~:"~~"Y,:
-.
: ,"~

,:<~,/,)f(~~:,;.:;?~:';':i\:(';" ..J:"

}" :~\'" :,~I-"\~~


":"".-.::,;:

procedures

. been

fu lly .implemented ';To improve. performance

t~t{~i~::k~~;
:>~~.:'. . .~-.; ~~.:~.~:i/f{;it
t~;.<~:j,~~}.~~?:::f~::ir~~-:~fi~~1~{i~~+.~,~~~r~~~~;:.
,0f~~~~;~?:;~\:~,~~~~\r~~~ii~5~'~f~~t
~~~~
~-.~~:~:>
~

Standing
:

vest

'.

. .':.',.,.'': '..,' : ::: : ,,',.',':.~<..,.\..;..:.,:.'.~..~.:,


~ ,.. -' ',' '. ';-,' ;~:_~;~':,'l'; ..::~"',,'(i~~,:~';~:;'.:r~:;,:(:,,~''''<''
,. .,:".,~f;'': .''','.> .',;~., ...,'.' _.:
....
-:,':~,
..'.'.,.,
...'.,..:.:).:'::.,:.:.:'
.............
,';..:....
,......
, ~.....
'~-.,.',.':',
: :.t..,.-. '.:\,.-,
. ~ ' ,' .. " >'~-<>?t~Ji;:?:~~'.~~\}:;::,'f~1f'~~~i~S.:.~~:"~~
..~
., ~~"
-"
-~ ~>-

,"':;;:,'';:.?,: .: ~ 'areas,

action

In the

1970

.-.

were ca:led

upon to take

".,~ --

~- ~ -...

a. "leading

role"

in the Phoen~x

',.,>,,:, ."~'
/pro~ram and a~ ,effor,t was initiated
to upgrade National
Police capability,
au thh!ff~~1~~.~\~:.~.~~;'i~~:~~if~:_:-.~_\~~;(~~~t~\'~~:
~ ~I.:~~,~.?
;~._
.
. _ . ~ ... _._ .~
. '.'
_...
~:'l ._;;:'~,-", ,,".'-;'.
';':~;",:.,~c<~'c,
ority and responsibility
for the program, maintaining
the committee structure

.--.~~~ff~~[r].;~;~'{)_~
;:;~'{~~~:~r\
~r-t)-'" ::~:<iJi~~~~t:(i:.
~<:<.~
.:.-.
:~;'-:

';/~::~:l'~<
:

-,.:f~~:

):as:a'suppoit'tngl:effort.
.:'f"~-,.':'".' , '....
".:'
...
:", :;,'.,._,
.

..'..:,',..;:
r. :':,:.;............
~7::.': ,

._ .

,.,:.:}..t': ....:.......,-~ .. ::.;: ,'. " ......: "


_ ~ __ _ ~

:t

:'

,<.'., ..\~~..-\>.~~.
~:.~
....
~~.~.'~~
_.~::Z:/(:i{~td$~~1r:5:~\~{i~:~~~~~~~-\~
'.~;jt~~]JjJ~~
~.~.~~:.:~:
-

_.< .

This .culminated
.:: ...
, :.,'.','.,:;...
,-;.::.;..
_

-"

inl1aY

1970 iri'the"":'transferofthe
_I,:..: ,.;, ,;:oi~;.\,:,:::J:'~:-,~,~,.
".~,;~~ '\~:'>.'-'-; ..:-::.),~.~".'~'.('.,:'
. _ i.
{~;;;"::~~:~~.~~':'t?:.'.i-;t.:.:~!?~<!gy~:r.t::~:':~;~?':::~.
. - ,. ,''~..;.';~:~-_._-:.~

, ,'" '.-,," -- """"


-',' ' ' ," j""
';. ~.'.:\'.tf:'f:;<;_;:/::I~}'~'::"

'.;. -~ ~~
.~
. .:!!';"

,y:~",

.... Ce~tral Phung Hang office


from the Prime Minister's
office','to
the Directorate.,.,
--G-e.....,n...;,.e--r...;.:.a-l~O-f.,..,;N~'~r-t~i+n-a
.....
l~p-o~l-i-C.....,~::-"'::;-:'-:-a
....
n~d.......,..i::"'t.....,s~.-e-s~ta-'b::-
--l-i-sh~me-f-l'I.-t";"'!":'~":"~";;
,,+~,;;.;. '-l-e....;p.;..a."r;,..a;..;t....;.e,;:...;.,'b~l,.
....
C...,.,'-, -t;';'h;"e""r';"e';"
:."'"-;

In the countr
.~ "-

s de,

. ./.----~';..

place,

a gradual
"

though

::*"

increase
-t-,

the current

. the attached

in Police
-.'

'..

leadership

partie
'."

pation

the

(Tab 23) 'In

in

the program

PlOCCs by serv Ice

co tinuirig

predominance

soJareas;thepolice
I

...:"."

c ~'.

of theDIOC

char t, demonstrating

ade r sh Lp in the program

. "'

did

responsibility
~
success,

.'

great

about

their

local

..

.'

organizations

.;-

indicated

that

the position
incumbent does not.
(

'duplicative
<,

-.

.~:>:-?~-<'-.'-'.
,,;;-.~'.'~'

may exist

Many of these

killed

or otherwise

of terrorist

activity

the total
~here'the'

identifications.

identification

disappeared,

of the'

however, are still

due to lack of knowledge of enemy geographic

vcr

reports,

by the decline

etc.

unit,

weak or

aliases,

outdated

In addition,:.cthere

has 'been--

's-:-

a'tendency
.....,,-.r.: .:'

to ~ol1ate

what information

was ava j.lab Ie rather

than-to

seek out

',_,,:./,,;.</new information

. ,The major thrust

of the current

)~~~f~H~~~~~~f*'i:~~.:~M~4~~.~:p:>'.~';d/
<~-:~
""~~l~iM~~t~~~4f~rj~i??;l;;i~~i');~\t;'~"~:(~jf{::'
::hr"f?\;'.i(" . .": . ~ 'v_~;~
X:~':.'.. although layingiEEI requirements on friendly

l,

program is on specific
,

agencies

targeting,

is

by

no means deve Loped

:::~:o:::t::~~~'1::::e:::::::~::
;:::::~i::::::::nc'e"""'"""

t~l}~i{;i;~i::~;?~:~::::::::
about

'.

them is

w being used

(attached)

(Tab 24)

.
'

ociated

with identification

is the'GVN'

ID Card program,'

\'j

to

~~
'ovide solid

identification

for all

S over

15.

Its

current

status

and

(Tcibs 25,2

-'-}-:

;;."';'.

,,:,

'.

'

tt of the fingerprint
Identifications

center

is shown on t e attached

which have resulted

frob this

charts

center

,9
'.

.~

are

shown

......in the atta~'hed

'.

chart

i.

./concerned
,

little

doubt

vc

thatt:he

are

.1, '.

this

lD Card p';~i;~m,

as they have been collecting

counterfeiting

.j . >'tThe

them, endeavoring

.icle;'tification.

\ .. :~ffol,r~ at~,~!~;~~er

'.

'~~d d~s~roYing

of

tp

V~'..

~as a1~f>~,:.n

..:

mechanizati~;~'9,{~,~),~urpose __~as bee~".~j .. id~~tiy:

intensive

t' a cent,~,~~_~;\:

.' t~:com !uter.ind~~.,~dual VCl from records' forwarded f rom locai files ~':T. is hasbeeo.::,';/
.
.,,,
,'-:.: ::,-.:,;:,:,'~;~:;:":
:.~,'.
. .: ;'\~:;~:.>. :;.,:~:;i't<>-:.
1
i .:\.:;"~t.:;.:.;'...",.~~._-:>.-::":;'.:...)~...,~.~.~..:::..,.
..-;,~.,.'".:. f .'
.'.:..:-.:
J_).~:.~:<".
,~"".~ '. ~<.~,,~;;:--::.
1\ .. extended to a "tracking system" by which this original
identificati-":'f,,:>
. iI
1.
..
.". ..' :... ,.....
..
-,/ .... ".
,. '.'c',;':" .
.J
upd~ted whenvthe individual
is captured,
r,~
'-~j"
I .
'.
.... ~
... ".
- .
""1',
him, information' is found on him
.

'

There is very

',:

cartls
t

(Tab 27):

ab6ut

.c~'~;tG7f;t;i~ilPlllr~

..

. d'

,,--<

",

. ,',

- ,

, "

\"

,.c:,\~.::~."'

"';"'.';~

..:;..;'"

-,."",:.".'r:

"

'.<; -.-~.

-,

: ~':~~';
:':~.';:
'._
..
~.:-:~;:;:
...
':,.'~:':;'

'

':,,:;:.,;-,

-~::~~"':".

~.;.f.;.'...~...~..'.:,.,j ......_:.~:~.:.~.:
~. '".

'

..

;Y"".:-',.~:..:.-,)" .

placed
";.,

is jscheduled

to
'-'.:: :~?;,!:./..
..

Quotas have'been
tion

Vet.'

of

assigned:to

"''1" .

level

VCl.:

<',

maximumincentive

..

toward elimination

the quotas were as follows:


rallied,

'

I"

killed

ra l l.Led, killed

Captured,
r ' ~;,-~',

t..

'~.

(A&B level

quotas,

..
.

., -.

....

..

tha~ wind'fall
but the
!

.'~.;:;'?..lower officials.'

.....,.

only)

GVN after

,,:<.1.800

'.

r.:

. rather

of higher

.....

Captured,

last

..

Ov r three yea~s, a. succ~ssivehardening

in or er to obtaIn

..:.

e neutrafiza

all

., ..... : ~\

'instituted.

.-.~~,~.~~'r~

;.-< .... "

..,.'\', ..

A number of debates
review retains

them for

their

have occurred

'incenttveeffect

over

upon

:::. ~':--' .' ..

.....
'

..,.

.. ;:

upon 'favored units


.

'

squads operating directly

'~:,'
- ,

",,:::'

"

"

',

..

',:

the legal
"

handling

vcr

of
.

','

'

after

capture

"'~'.

component of jU8ticein

the proceedings.

:C,;,),,:
With a reporting

system reflecting

~.~~~:'".~:: :~: ~:.\~i\\;'~~~~i.:-~.,>


I'
" :','

~~

~\.'

the activities
'

..; . "'.

!'

of
"

Province

Security

Com-

~;F~:,;;.:~:;::"". ~~

..

improvement .Ln processing


and ,,":\'i~0;<
; "14jtf:!,<';;>,',t\.,;;:~,:~~;~i~:f;;~~~I~~~;~
(,:it";< ~:;~'~.:~/~~~?'i~~~~~
....
~. _
.'..
'
:~i~>::.~~;j:
~~,,?:
'!~:~'~~~~'~'~_.~;.
:':'.~.'~.'
..~:. :<~;~~:
"..j~01?~r-~:;:~~:t>~~
rom the mid-1969 sample showing that 75 't.o 9,{) percent received ,",',';
. ittees,

,thi~ ,has ,:resulted

in a considerable

<.

;;.:~~~~.i.

'.~ : ':"~;~'~.;;

.~:~:;~>
../~~/f.~f~~J~):~:.:;{~/i~\>;"~
~'~~:"~:~i~q:i~;~~/:~'
.,.'.--.'~'
~,~~:~~:
:~.~. ~~~
.::;;:'~;
~~~~,~~{~\~~~i.>./
~~;~~:~~~~~~*~;1~~~~
-~:'
. ;~if~~!~~~:':~:~;{:"
h s sentence

"

to assist
30.~:~

the;

(Tab 29).

<

.AddLtLona.I prosecutors

'::c,,-,

",

>

",C

'

in the proper legalhandling:of

~~~!'\C:~~"
dim~edto

have been sent:'':~''

.'::>

"""

en.ur!~~~fp~~~f~~~;

ity Icomrni~.t~,es(T~b 30-A). , ~ se~ie,s, ~f ~rqUire~n.:ts


.Lmpos ed

'''\'

attached)

UpOI

:h~handling

of VCl,

to wit,

notification

",

such cases,

pf Village

'i-,"'~:,

as shown"

iO~ingOf the ~.
have been
Chief ',(decrees

, 31):' tim~":'llmit

octs.
I

on deteriti'o'~ beore:'hria~
"

A number of other

(decree

attach~d)

I,

recommendations

are currently

under

j'

and the actions

currently

under way to ameliorate

th~m
>'.,

-:'i~;,;.'

bilitation.

Littl~

or no action

has"'be'en :~~~ertakJn

on a

. ,~:,,

The need -for

this

~: ';..";

.)~~~

can

,~.,

(Tab.

,"\"';:(~"i',
:

in.

were tried in past


:.,;:.,.:

years

buy/Qled.,. Atthis

time, an

~.'

Con Son based upon successful Nationalist

Chinese

.,' ~-'"':" . ..,:,::~<)):::~;~~.,:.:,


:~.'..'.<).~ .:~

'~"";i<J~i/:

privileges'

a~~;'guidan~e~;;',Based~pon'

.".....
' -"-.;,-:..l,-- __

~villbe

~ ..
:~:'
..
..'':"":'~:-+"';'::...'

,~:.....:..~~.::~;:"

made to extend

hav~" a reorientation
in~'~vidual

th~ re cu l t s of this

the technique

e Lsewlie re .;Atthe

program,

p~~~:'{~'~eChic

primarily

or othe:

rnor

e sophisticated

same time,

, ; :~', "~, .. c ,~

' '" '"

to all

areas

.Of'

'~n' ':'

,"\"I; /~:'~:,'

,i~',;"H'?,".~'

-u:

Communis~ d'tai~,e~,~, ~~d

such as segregation
; ~.,~:~;.~'

';~'~:':"'''::':'

sheet"

!certain

c ."g.) Thua ~hi~~"~'"~~~~tff~;~\:'~

reorientati~n

techniques

..-;,.;......

as the" '~~~Ult o~ 't~e':'~'~~'~iJtive

Of~icial)

made a~):&~:s time to extend

to apply

ade~is'i~n

':-r'

',,'

, ~J;:;~~1[g?\''i''i'~'';~~'~~i~' ,",,,,",';';,'
-,2 :.':,~";,;
being

experi~nd,

c Lasae s of detainees
'w ..,,;:~

.:",

__ - '':~;;~:

.',.. '~~,5:~::,-

ro:

~~

.:

ota

(Tab 38). ,~he pos s LbdLi ty

'," ..,',~.,~
,/:.:,

..

~,

:,i,_",;"."

~"'~'~"':r4::-r,

.~'.

~<...~.,-:
;-;~"":::!l~:i~~~:;.E}j/

parole

system:!~:(

'<;~~f'~,Kftf!J?~~t:/5:}
i;'h;,l7t'!;~!?/.;''';~t~d-~:--~?~~~~~~~~:~~h::~~.
:~~~~~~_~~i~~i5?;::
.;:~~/[~~~~;/;~~~i~:~;~~~:~(i~~/~r.::
:',';7~?~~~;r~#~~t;jl~r~~1~~~~~~~
<,; ~.:",.,'~
the Hinistries
of Justice
.. -..
-, ,<:;~,: . ,'~.':
~.':.;~_
'/;.
". ,- .:-. -.
.'.:;~;~:~;?'~i/:~-.
fact sheet (Tab 39) 'The trackitigsystem

.:'
.'
the attached

:-".
:~\.!

enable

identified

residences

Communist detainees

and permit
k,

continuing

Information

the Phoenix

Public

publicly,under

~::

Information

the rationale

..:

~<,",.
._"

,:Y'.

upon release

,'.'.(".

,"-.'

program.

,This

of protecting

1969,

the Prime Minister

was designed
the people

to surface

two elements:

. ~:;~:(:<~f~1~l~',;:'.

'-,

The
:

"_.;

..'

:.

(1) general

"OJ'-

pho t ographs , n~me lists,

.. :1~:J.:,~>

etc.

-':'

of the Phoenix

program,

iLs sought ,

LndLvIdua I YCI whose capture


. :~~y~~~}~~~:}~~:.

TV spots,

Phoenix

information

,_~

of

'--::-~,;-;:'-:{<. '!::~~~\>:';,::./J11--

The current

goal

is

:,';L;"\

".

'.

,-'.~

and (2) specific

.--',

vcr

.~.~:

announce-

This has compromised posters

':~--

descriptions

">:

.'::~~

';}'>~;';'''~:''''''';'

organizations
.

;'-,.

in villages

and
'"",,:,:,"':':,'.:1&

<~~,'-;

',1' ';

the public

t Lon

vcr.'

program during
1.

The attached

fact

sheet

outlines

'exposure

of 100 percent

'

the

extent

of

1970 (Tab 40).

Vietnamese

Attitudes.

A variety

of explanations

:l:+:-.)'''-:.~'''::''''

'.~ ..

of identified

about

.-

,:.'

for"'a:'na::de"sir~bility

districts,

initiated

from terrorism.

. .,,_;,~:"::;':;"~_i~~~~ii,;{~;,::~/
,,'::.",';. _.:

.with

to

surveillance.

On 1 October

program has essentially

_:-'~';""_'~:

'

'.

information

-.--;

.,..:"

,,":~{:);.--:.

to be 'followed

police

Program.

.i

~ndlnterior~as
shown on
:_,':~J, ";':,ii.\~>.."" _' ,.,'_,
.,..
mentioned above will,

exist

for

the

I .'

reflected in certain attributes, such as concentration

on the protection

I
administration

rather than the population. a sharp separation of the Special


~~
..

I'

Police (Ex-Surete) from other Police oper~tions and a strong burea~cratic


, te~dency in the ;:, s~ Fr" nCh t rad i t ion.

These.

plus

the very heavy

the Police for the nmintenanceof

j~

bliga

t ions

self prQtection have

"""x ,,"

except lin

the field

",';::;"

military leadership of the country did not turn to the


to its own11more. r~Hable"
'. '.\; ;,,:;:::t:,;~(,,

mdit~ryunits,

for serious actiorts';:'

.,' '-.;;:--:.;,-,,:~;'r,~\;',.::, '

The Special Polj.ce--fontributeda great deal in

a:

number of

National Police was preoccupied with


resources control, and.support
..

of GVN administrative
,-"'.-;",

:~_::,'i'-.~.

A major step in the right direction occurred with the move of the
Police to the countryside, beginning with the 1969 program to press
Police to the district level and be Low,

further step was the

of village police stations in 1,802 (to date) of the 2,100 villages


this more direct cont.ac t with the rural population,

nation.t;Through

has incr~~sed its contribution

the

to ,internal security through

~~{-~~;;;'{~2ilt~Et~:;:~)_":!:/b~iii~~'
\; :,

toi}'frol!UCasures. low-le~el;iritelligence collection and


The Police achieved an improved public image after Tet 1968,
performed valuable public services and assistedsubstantially
defense of the1.1rban areas.
increased participation

Their subordination

in the

to Village Chief authority and

involvement in district, province and region affairs

under the respective.Chief has also brought the National Police into an improve
position of collaboration and coordination ,~ithrthe dominant military and admi nistrative structure.

While petty corruption is sUll

a problem in many~

\
""'.

'

improvement

still to

'qualif1cations, who were


Prime Ministerial

action, the De~artmentof~ense


."

"

as indicated on the attached fact

shortly by the appointment of


as the Chief
convenien:~eof clirect'access

'..

-.

\.,'

has greatly. increas~d.

From a low of

Guard and Self pefense Force.


~--0-....,....-j-----......:.-.......:.-.~---""""~~-"""'-~-'-~-:-==~---~~~~-:-~ '.,'
a t LonaI Police expanded

Police

".

ages of 18 and 35 . Hhen National Police strengths

appears
,

worked ou t,

-,;

The Phoenix component; of this training has been substantially

in

the attached

increased

as shown

fact

interim Prime Ministerial

decree by which it could be placed into effect.

draft being submitted would be a.comprehensive


Police status and management under the law.
our Public Safety team,a

solution to the overall

----~--~~~~~--~~
It reflects' ma~y years' of effort

British police advisory group working with it, CAS

and our overall CORDS review.

Personnel

pay raises will be included in the

.~q

for the GVN military and civil personnel as a whole

decreed
.

4S-A for ~. compariSon

of .NP wi th .other~ervices

pay).

..

Police:lnthe

..,.<tc;;;i:kf;,,;6:"~

past, due to poor discipline,

'. '.... ,:;.",>,

poor personnel

occasi n for temptation at roadblocks,handling

papers,
Police,

e, although corruption has by n9 meansieen


ages.of ~or.ruptioriwere a~ted upon by

and low pay,

eliminated.

e disciplinary

During
machinery

.-,.

shown in Tab 49.

pr Imary r'est

sibility for investigating

..
i,

offenses withilt the force, has been

"-r:

.estimates
"

.~

,~.\:.)~'~~
..:-:~:..
'"

\---::~-.

",

occasions

in. which'

.was'~ombined
-c-,

with

- .'
,

.~'.~ ..

'.

.:"

counter

"

,"

~.,..~
of f12,00,O
-

'.'

.,-

by end-December 197~ .:<D)."aft:-e~erilpt1onsho~ld


.'

,',

-. ;>~.; ~'~;/: .,:~:-~:;~:".~-

,',

be

' ,- -,., '

2,000 officers should be transferred

should

be e s t ab Lt.shcd by prov i nce , district

and village,
.

formula

reflecting

population

dcnsitylterritory

. '.

'~'"

~.

"~"~i:"'"

.'

and the secur:ity'situation.

..

This will

serve ;'as' a basis

for

the allocation

of Police

and rea116cation

-"

of .

c~ordinated with rsDF .: This ~;;~~~.ea joint DGNP/JGS/rSDF istaf~~~erdse

RF/pF,

. 5.

Public
de

Inforrnation
c

c-

.An

ene rgc tLc Phoenfx pub l fc information

Narnes ,

be publicized

with" re'~pect

.~t;~t~t>PhotoS,.ani other .Juableinforma-

.~:J;i::i~~

of

~ercent

maxi.mampubl ic participation

.Ln their

id~ntified

'vdI;:;i~:'~r~er:'.

;: .S;<~\~;):t";'),:.:

capture

This must be supple-"<~h.


rY.;.';!;'~';:.':t. :~.,. .
....
.'~"~{: :\~5r~~!t~~r~':~;\~;';':J~'i.?~;,.:
':<i'\;~;':;.-:~'ct;i~!;r4~~;{.;i'
.t:,!;;}j(\t~'j},Xf!20':~~_: .,.,: "&;-~~!,\:. ':i!1!,I':(.:: '. j'i'i~j~!~f~
mented byari.eriergetic
public iriformatj.on program--on' theimport:anceof
the Phoenix
.i;'\!:~~~~ijf"'~'
~~~.'<-_~.f;-:>
" .. ,:. _?~_~\.~::( ..
'. .r:
, ..,~:~;~;~:.~:;t-
_
.. ~.;.:''-:":' -, -: .<~~~
}~:~;;_
program
a '.'hol~e,;cand itscontd.buUon:
to ~protecting the populationagainst:::'

as

.. ~

terrorism
mustbe

and any revival


used

and military
-',-

"'-:, .~~:.

to

.-:"-! ~'~~;;::::.';-~
. :.,.;--,

of VC strength.

inform and stimulate

personnel

::::-": ~~:''"

The People's

the. active

(officials,

.. :.,-..;.,~:.:
...

teachers,

- ,

., .~;.. ;.~.. - .

Information

program
.:'" . ~
of all GVN~'ivil

participation

e tc s ) in Phoenix,

outlining

not

4:~~;. only

why they should

ste.pa ithey should

co l l abora te bu.t the' specific

take

to help.

~+j'1~;~:?-

Phoenix has been made the No.1


-J'P!o:<

~:,:.

and a d'etailedpublic

., ',

"

":'.",i:.,;.",MACVand CORD~)or discussion


, .

,,'..,

. ". <':;:-.'.-

s T~~rtIlation

,_
p-"

.:

.;,

",,;.:;t~.>.,::,gk<""d~:':-:-":,:..
>'~:;~:~;<:~'1
~/i:~~:'~;;:.".' .- _:-. -;:

mustbe'~e~panded

with

Co~ittee
. ,',,.

h~sbe~n
',',0~-,

the Minis try

of Info~mationJJGSIPolWar'

,,:..<,

informatio~-

_"

_ ~'

image ,jHh

,':,;

',.

the popu l.a t Ionv",":

':'"

',.

the Phoenix .program must become

.:.S.DF~inber~,

Phoenix

PoUC:epublic

and

.}i.:,

participation

reJponS~b~lit~.~ oiall
~~'the

of pacification,

dev~loped between JUSPAO,


",,..'t.,-,",~
,--.
-'
: .:,': " '"

~"The ..'National

to improve the police

".~r:: ;;:,?/t)iEtll~;j.;,;,:..~/,<-;c

PSDF must betrained.

..'.'.,",:'-.,.-',-

:>;~:-~
..

a primary

:.~.

:~\:{'-::I::2:;~':'~T<"~::
,:!':,.;~-;i~.

",'.,6',::PSDF:-'Maximum

in support

i~formationprogram

.. ;,.~,g~.."

.thePeople'

MACVPsyops priority

., .~.

~ot~._bomb~t .Qnd ,support .'~ll

progrnm and'~heir'

~ontribution

to it

per

'J.
attached
auxiliaries

lesson

plans
,(Tab 63)' . Specialist
.
.:

to

discuss

the overall

and National

Police

:':

must be.developedwithinthePSDF,

and thePhoeni~program."A

PSDF phoenix
to

s~pport

month 1)7 semi nar sho~ld


Phoenix

the National

Police

- .:'.

program,

the identity

be he.id by all

.PSDF units

,-----,

and ac t Lvf t Les. of the VCl


.

\\

by the PSDF to assi$t


the strtl~g~~against
:..

",.,

th'e VCl.

These seminars

must be~'t~ended'

.'

~;;rNati~nal
-.~
~

",

<'f'

"

Police

representativ:cs

in the village

and by National

"';:.:

Policerepre:sentatives

:l~e::d::::i::f::m:::::n~~a~ds,butthe tionalpOlic:;~s~j:::~:h:e:::::!:
No

.,<

<A

',:.

',J.:':

.."

. t Ive re spons fb Ll Lty

. .

."

..;,'

"

. .,:.'.'. ".

. , ..

Security

.,..:'

inf.orma.tion:::~~'M~
';:}fh ,;C';i,~,?:~:~;
'. , ..

t,,

.~..

should

.- ..........
be restrict:edto

. ,.,'

.)".

.... ;:'

:;'~-.

the Prov_ince Chief,

pursuant

to" the recomme~dation'


.':"

.. "" ,

Chairman at the'Vung Tau meeting oc~ober24


. :...

to

must .begiven

th

and the Prosecutor,

--,

-.-~--

a ProvinceC6uncil

....

Prosecutors

Committee vote

Province Council Chairman


.------.-. ...-,..,-~.-

;:~,i.;;:?i;,~3tt>'- :.;~~~;:'~:;:~:\:.':;'.~

"',

localsearch'out

of interrogation or detention.
The Province

,...

~.:

..... :

the wozkLngs of Province


".'

s.~curityco~ittees.

proc~ssing,accuracy

.most '",anted i~dividuals.


- ..

.rather
,"

'Th'ese

-,...... ::;..
1;J .....:
....

'

than Amedcan;"although
'

...

'

\.

US..

support

irisertedto

':.;:;~'.:.:.:"..<...,f..

the prog am

. .

. ,~
....

of each
',. .,':\~. ~.,~~~'~:';"'.,:.;;'~~<~.:;:;
2:' ~._.'~ ,~.;:; . ~

anin:t~Ufgence
"
',~

'.

service
.

'.. v;

.......

,,'.: ..

'

. :;:>'! ~....'- .

..

'~'~.

.'

''':

must
.

and the collection


for consol'ida

there
t Lon

.'

'_..

of available
into

files

information

...

to be carried

there ~ The Phoenix

tr~diti~n

i.

to the-upper
of

in th~attached(~~
inspection

thr~ugh the

.....4

iA

..

" :o- ... ".,~

of Interior's

th~ Hinistry
An intensified

Di.rectorate

program of reorientation
.;',

correction

and detention

centers.
"

of middle

level

Communists

','

:;,

:.

must primarily

and countering

'.

apparatus

This

"','

"0

efforts

of

. ,:.

.i ~-.

focus on ,

,,:>'
;"
the VC to"

1-

<-"',

and, fr~nts;pol'ice

operati~ils,

detenHon