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Literature Review Modified New Govind

Literature Review Modified New Govind

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Published by Govind Samleti

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Govind Samleti on Sep 14, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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A Presentation On

Advanced Ignition System In Internal Combustion Engine
Presented By

Govind N. Samleti
(M.E –Part I)

Paper on

Laser-assisted homogeneous charge ignition in a constant volume combustion chamber.

Dhananjay Kumar Srivastava, Martin Weinrotter, Henrich Kofler, Avinash Kumar Agarwal, Ernst Wintner
Optics and Lasers in Engineering. Vol.-47 (2009). Published by Elsevier
Article history: Received 31 March 2008, Accepted 3 December 2008, Available online 23 January 2009.

    The research is based on homogeneous charge compression ignition system. In this paper a new concept of auto-ignition is presented. Kopecek et al. made research by using leaser to generate plasma to help the HCCI combustion. The concept is based on the fact that most HCCI engines are operated on EGR rates in order to slow-down the fast combustion processes. Laser radiations of wave length 2.79 µm are used to auto-ignite the charge. The water molecules absorb the laser radiation and get heated-up to speed up ignition. Taking the advantage of this feature the time when the mixture is thought to auto ignite could be controlled by laser pulse.

 

Diagram of the laser ignition setup. (1) Laser head, (2) collimating lens,(3)conversing lens, (4) air inlet, (5) exhaust outlet, (6) fuel/ water inlet, (7) pressure transducer, (8) photodiode, (9) combustion chamber (10) Optical window.

 It was found that the number of laser pulse required for ignition of

combustible mixture decreases with increasing laser power and
moisture content.  The lowest pulse needed to ignite combustible mixture was 3 for 6W

laser energy and 0.3 ml of water injection.

Paper on

Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) combustion: Implementation and effects on pollutants in direct injection diesel engines.
By Suyin Gan, Hoon Kiat Ng, Kar Mun Pang
Applied Energy Vol-88 (2011) Published by Elsevier

Article history: Received 9 June 2010. Accepted 7 September 2010. Available online 6 October 2010.

  This paper reviews the implementation of HCCI combustion in direct injection diesel engines. S. Gan et al. made research by considering the homogeneity of charge, the fuel injection process and particularly the injection timing. i. Early injection. ii. Late injection. In early injection the fuel is injected early in the compression stroke i.e. 80° to 60° BTDC, which allows sufficient mixing time for the formation of a homogeneous mixture. But it is limited to certain speeds only. In late injection the fuel is injected just before TDC till later crank angles i.e. 7° BTDC to 3° ATDC to allow thorough mixing of fuel and air prior to ignition to reduce smoke emission. A high swirl is introduced for further improving mixing of in-cylinder charge.

 HCCI combustion concept is developed to the need for lower NOx and soot emissions from DI diesel engines.  In Early injection the NOx emissions were lower, but increase in HC and CO concentration.  In Late injection the NOx emission is lower, and with high EGR and swirl the mixing of charge is improved.

 In paper 1:
 A good explanation about the HCCI is given.  The language used is easy to understand.  Exact values are represented in this paper.

 In paper 2:
 The language is difficult to understand.  Sufficient explanation is not given.  Exact values of results are not given.

Thank you

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