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4--Early Roman Civilization, I

4--Early Roman Civilization, I

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Published by Akansha Lal

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Published by: Akansha Lal on Sep 14, 2012
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Roman amphitheater

to 284 A.D.) .C.Early Roman Civilization (753 B.E.

Early Roman Civilization Three historical periods: – The Roman Monarchy (753 BCE to 509 BCE) – The Roman Republic (509 BCE to 31 BCE) – The Roman Empire (31 BCE to 248 AD) .

the Punic Wars (264-146 BCE). the aristocratic patricians and the plebeians The Middle Republic (264-133 BCE): the challenge of Carthage. The Late Republic (133-31 BCE): the rise of the equestrian order. . a social class who gained wealth during the Punic Wars.The Roman Republic The Early Republic (509-264 BCE): division of society into two classes.

was a major political figure from 60 to 44 BCE. I Julius Caesar. or ruler. an equestrian. and head of the armies. He took his authority from the many titles and powers he held: dictator for life. Future Roman emperors recognized him as their predecessor by calling themselves Caesar. .The Late Republic: Julius Caesar. consul.

emerged as a new leader in 31 BCE. During Octavian’s rule. II On march 15. 44 BCE. patrician’s power decreased and equestrian power increased. . Octavian. a band of senatorial assassins murdered Caesar and Rome plunged into chaos. He was later called Augustus Caesar. Caesar’s nephew and adopted son. we have the beginning of Pax Romana (Roman Peace) and the Roman Empire.The Late Republic: Julius Caesar. With Octavian.

Assassination of Julius Caesar .

Julius Caesar .

Circus Maximus .

there were three distinct social classes: The patrician (aristocracy) The equestrian (army) The plebian (common people) .Three Social Classes During Roman Republic and Empire.

The Roman blend the utilitarian with the aesthetic.Roman culture Hellenistic culture became the foundation of Roman civilization. Fascination with the spectacle Architecture and sculpture are increasingly monumental and theatrical. .

. From Egypt came the worship of Isis (a religion that promised immortality). They celebrated December 25th as Mithra’s birthday. blending different religions.Roman Religion The Romans were syncretists. from Persia they borrowed the cult of Mithra.

31 BCE to 14 AD) The Third Literary Period (The Silver Age. 14 AD to 200 AD) .Roman Literature The First Literary Period (250 to 31 BCE) The Second Literary Period (The Golden Age.

translations . speeches. Catullus: love poetry Cicero: letters.Roman Literature: The First Literary Period Lucretius: in his book (On the Nature of Things) he defended Epicurianism that denied divine intervention in human affairs.

Cicero .

Cicero .

on how to seduce women.Roman Literature: The Second Literary Period Virgil: Aeneid imitates Homer’s The Odyssey Horace: he created a new genre. In Metamorphoses (Transformations) he revives Greek and Roman Myths. the satire Ovid: Art of Love. .

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