P. 1



|Views: 647|Likes:
Published by Bruce Craddock

More info:

Published by: Bruce Craddock on Jan 17, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF or read online from Scribd
See more
See less


Main Goal

Protect the passer so that he can effectively get the ball to the receiver.
That means he needs time, space, and good passing lanes in order to be
effective as a passer.

I keep things very simple and in the passing game I mimic my running
schemes as much as possible so that the defense does not know it is pass
until the last moment.

The Free Blocking Zone

There is a common misconception that lineman cannot cross the LOS
while pass blocking. This is not the case at all and you need to read your
rules books thoroughly; even highlight the sections that are important and
tab them.

In order for an interior lineman to be called for INELIGIBLE PASSER DOWN
FIELD he must go pass the FREE BLOCKING ZONE, which is defined as three
(3) yards from the LOS on each side of the ball and four (4) yards wide
from the center. That means you have three (3) yards to play with before
a flag is thrown. With that being said I would not tempt fate and keep it
at two (2) yards to give you a cushion.


ART. 1 . . . The free-blocking zone is a rectangular area extending laterally 4 yards either

side of the spot of the snap and 3 yards behind each line of scrimmage. A player is in the

free-blocking zone when any part of his body is in the zone at the snap.”

From the NFHS rule book.

Basic Pass Protection Schemes

I use two basic schemes when teaching pass protection and three
additional schemes as my player’s age, football ability, and technique
mature. I always have to remind myself that I am coaching kids and that
when I teach something it has to be simplified so that every player has the

Copyright © 2005 Jack Gregory


ability to master it. This is especially true in the passing game as so many
more aspects have to be perfect in order for a pass play to actually work.
With a playaction pass it is a little easier as the defense can be fooled into
temporally playing run and allowing us to get separation for both our
receivers and the passer.

WEDGE PASS – this is simply wedge blocking with the adjustment that the
center only moves three steps down field and then stops. Once he stops
everyone works to seal up the inside and force the defense to flow
around the wedge. The passer takes a drop (normally a quick drop (one
step) or a three-step drop. The key is the blockers keep their hips together
and not allow any separation on the inside. We will have two additional
blockers in the backfield that will seal of the perimeters on each side as
well. Their rule is to allow nothing to get inside of them.

RED/BLUE – This is really a modified version of SIDE that pushes the play side
defenders wide as the QB rolls. The backside hinge blocks from the BSG to
the BSE (if not going out in a pass route) sealing off backside penetration.
It is the simplest way to teach young lineman to pass pro on a roll out. The
only difference between RED/BLUE and SIDE is that on the play side they
only track for four hard steps and then attempt to seal off the defense
and take their defenders flat to the boundary and the backside hinge

CP: Hinge Block - nothing more then a group of lineman dropping
towards the rollout on the backside and sealing the defense off from the
inside towards the backside. The purpose of this is the force the defense
to go around the hinge forcing them to go all the way to the backside

Center takes three

steps and stops.

Force everything to

flow around the

wedge wall.

Copyright © 2005 Jack Gregory


and away from the roll out. Pass drop at an angle with inside-over-
backside priority.

CP: Bear in mind that since we are using a 30 degree angle we actually
have to travel five yards down field (not 3 yards) so that gives us five to
seven steps which is why we use four as a nice buffer.

BLACK/BROWN – This is really the classic buck sweep blocking action using
SAB blocking. The playside end (if not in a route) and tackle and center
block SAB IN while the playside and backside guard pull getting two steps
of depth and then turn up field and attack the LOS attempting to log and
push their defender up field as they seal him inside. If they cannot do that
they simply kick them out and attempt to drive them up field. The
backside tackle and end (if not in a route) hinge block.

CP: Instead of the pulling guards pulling through the LOS as taught in SAB
Pulling we have them take that first step for depth and then the next step
aims away from the LOS getting more depth and then as they clear the
EMLOS they attack the LOS squaring their hips and shoulders.

CP: If playing against an ODD front have the Center block MOMA (MAN
ON MAN AWAY) since you have both guards pulling someone has to pick
up the NT as he is more of a threat then the backside defensive tackle
who can be picked up by the backside tackle hinge blocking.

Copyright © 2005 Jack Gregory


GREEN/YELLOW – Is the next step in the teaching progression from
RED/BLUE. If you have taught the REACH blocking progression to your
lineman you can add GREEN/YELLOW. It is simply RED/BLUE with the
playside lineman using REACH blocking instead of simply SAB blocking.
This gives your playside more of a chance of sealing the outside up and
allowing your passer to get outside cleanly and make a big play either on
in the air on the ground.

CP: Make sure you instill in them that PASS means no more then four steps
up field.

These are really the heart of what I teach when it comes to pass
protection. If I am coaching older kids and I know that they are going into
a high school that uses a lot of base pass protection I will teach a basic
drop back pass protection. I simply call it BASE PASS and the rules are

At the snap of the ball they drive out for one step punching into their
defender as they take short choppy steps staying low. They keep the LOS
and the QB separated. They always seal off the inside first.

Copyright © 2005 Jack Gregory



If it is wedge pass I simply teach wedge pass along with wedge blocking.
I go over the differences and explain how it works and then we rep
wedge pass along with wedge. I do add defenders into the drill so that
they can learn how to move up and then seal off.

If it is SAB or REACH based I teach them with my regular SAB/REACH
progression by first showing the differences and how to utilize the scheme.
Otherwise we use the same drills.

BASE pass protection is a different thing all together so when I teach them
this I simply line up all seven blockers and work on driving out, dropping,
staying low, and punching into the defender. I first do it on air, then on
head up defenders, then with five or six defender that position themselves
as the defense that we are going to face.

CP: PASS TAG – any pass tag added to a running play tells the line these

1) Tells all SAB to take three steps down their track and turn their
butts to the passer and seal off.
2) Pulling linemen stay the same but anyone sealing seals off no
more then 3 steps past the LOS and away from the passer
3) BSTE if staying in hinge blocks vice shoe shine (cut).

Copyright © 2005 Jack Gregory


You're Reading a Free Preview

/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->