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• • • •
Grip Stance Sight Alignment Sight Picture
• Trigger Control • Breath Control • Follow-Through
SKILLS YOU REALLY NEED WHEN IT REALLY COUNTS
with control of recoil. and shooting. SKILLS YOU REALLY NEED WHEN IT REALLY COUNTS . fighting. (Gun-wrist-body alignment for point shooting) SIGHT PICTURE The placement of the aligned sights or weapon on the target or exact aiming point. Preparing to fire the next shot. Combined with sight alignment = “Sight Package” TRIGGER CONTROL Independent movement of the finger on the trigger moving it straight back until the gun fires with minimal movement of the sights and gun. STANCE A body position that allows effective movement. SIGHT ALIGNMENT The relationship between the front and rear sights.The Fundamentals of Marksmanship GRIP Controlling the weapon while shooting and through recoil with pressure and friction and leverage. BREATH CONTROL A method of controlling breathing to minimize gun movement as the body expands and contracts during inhalation and exhalation. FOLLOW THROUGH Consciously maintaining the shooting fundamentals for a brief time after the shot is fired.
shooting will often be done with one hand. The strong side thumb can be straight or curled down for better contact and control. SKILLS YOU REALLY NEED WHEN IT REALLY COUNTS .under duress you will probably squeeze the weapon hard.Grip GRIP: Controlling the weapon while shooting and through recoil with pressure and friction and leverage. Get used to the convulsive grip in training. For Marksmanship. and a firm grip with the support and a lighter grip with the strong hand will allow better trigger manipulation and is the most desirable for accuracy. Grip is reality based. At close range against sudden encounters. This will most likely require anticipation and control of duress. It is quicker and allows the other hand to be used for grasping items and for balance. Two hands are better than one.
Web of hand high up on backstrap with no space showing.Grip: Strong Hand Initial “Vee” placement. Middle finger tight under trigger guardno space. Thumb can be straight or bent for better pressure. Thumb rests on frame or ‘rides’ safety.gun directly in line with forearm. SKILLS YOU REALLY NEED WHEN IT REALLY COUNTS . Trigger finger on frame.
Grip: Support Hand Second hand always comes from the rearthumb pointed forward fingers down at 45 degrees. Thumbs and trigger finger point along slide. or ‘rides’ safety. Notice change in wrist angle SKILLS YOU REALLY NEED WHEN IT REALLY COUNTS . Second hand fills the gap. strong side thumb rests on top of support hand. No space under trigger guard.
• SKILLS YOU REALLY NEED WHEN IT REALLY COUNTS . We teach dropping into the fighting stance as the gun is brought up because that will be your natural reaction under duress. with control of recoil. Reality Based Combat Stance is based on the instinctive response to threats.facing.Stance STANCE A body position that allows effective movement. tight base • Aggressive forward lean • It is also an important part of aiming as the body aligns and points the weapon and the eyes simply verify it is on target with minor correction Traditional marksmanship will direct shooters to bring the gun to their eyes. and shooting. fighting: • Toes to threat • Lower the center of gravity • Toes Straight • Bent knees • Back Straight • Head. fighting. Shoulders forward • Strong. flinching.
the triangle between the arms and the body still must project the gun straight out from under the dominant eye/center line. This will take more practice. but as the gun is brought to the center of the body. the wrist must lock and bend to keep it oriented directly to the threat The gun is oriented perpendicular to the upper body along the center line or dominant eye based on the shooters dominance If the upper body and lower body are squared to the threat. SKILLS YOU REALLY NEED WHEN IT REALLY COUNTS . point shooting will be much easier If the body must turn.Sight Alignment: Wrist-Gun-Body Alignment SIGHT ALIGNMENT The relationship between the front and rear sights. (Gun-wristbody alignment for point shooting) One of the most important parts of point shooting is the alignment of the gun to the body. via the bend in the wrist Initially the gun is grasped and aligned parallel to the forearm.
Sight Alignment: Full Sight Aimed Alignment FULL SIGHT AIMED FIRE “Sight Picture” • • • • “Equal Height” “Equal Light” Final focus on the top part of the front sight Rear sights and target aligned but blurry Equal on both sides • • • • Set up with combat breath control during the respiratory pause Mostly useful in pro-active and offensive situations with the ability to fully anticipate the need for the shot Front sight should not move during trigger pull Check using dime and washer and unknown empty gun anticipation drill SKILLS YOU REALLY NEED WHEN IT REALLY COUNTS .
(greater than half the width of the back of the frame outline) T o R p e a r SKILLS YOU REALLY NEED WHEN IT REALLY COUNTS .Sight Alignment: Wrist-Gun-Body Alignment Peripheral VisionWhen learning the technique. it helps to verify your wrist-guntarget alignment based on the outline of the weapon Errors: • The side of the slide is showing in either direction • The front sight is not visible at all • The top of the slide is showing too much.
Combined with sight alignment = “Sight Package” „Sight Package‟ includes the level of aiming verification that takes place before shooting Sight package in reality based shooting is based on: 1.and the related target It is uncommon for anyone at any level of training to take the time to verify their sights when directly and immediately under close range threat. SKILLS YOU REALLY NEED WHEN IT REALLY COUNTS .Sight Picture: Sight Package SIGHT PICTURE The placement of the aligned sights or weapon on the target or exact aiming point. Primarily the level of duress of the shooter (immediate survivability) 2. Secondarily on • The accuracy needed to hit the target.not just the sights. This is primarily due to the instinctive stress response requiring clear visual focus on the threat. combined with (target profile) • The situational concerns (situation) Sight package involves the entire body and weapon.
lining up the sights completely as in traditional marksmanship. 4. Full sighted fire. Target Focused Flash Sight Picture. 2. or on the target itself. 3. Target Focused Point Shooting. Front sight anywhere above rear sight is sufficiently accurate. Index Shooting (body point). body part. Gun may be partially visible in field of view. final focus on front sight. Front sight centered and level. Top edges of slide form a ‘Runway” to the target below line of vision.Sight Picture/Sight Package Continuum Continuum of sight package: 1.no to little visual verification of the gun. Indexed by body posture. 1 2 3 4 SKILLS YOU REALLY NEED WHEN IT REALLY COUNTS .rough visual alignment of the sights/weapon while primarily focused on the target.only peripheral and eventually subconscious rough alignment towards the target.
and gives the best combination of a wide target area for misses and severity of injury. • • • • SKILLS YOU REALLY NEED WHEN IT REALLY COUNTS . is at or above the edge of body armor. miss small.” We are looking for “railroad tracks” or a “runway” along the edge of the outline of the sides of the gun’s frame straight to the target like a perspective drawing.the top part of the sternum. we want to be focused on a small part of the threat: “Aim small. It contains vital organs. with only peripheral verification of the sight package The amount of peripheral verification will be slowly reduced over time until it is subconscious The primary shot zone is high center mass.Sight Picture: Sight Package Point Shooting Sight Package • We want to practice while being focused on the threat as much as possible. With precision.
Trigger Control • TRIGGER CONTROL. (B) is the preferred point. (A) may be too much trigger for some and may push shots to the left. but not best for every person SKILLS YOU REALLY NEED WHEN IT REALLY COUNTS . and can greatly affect marksmanship.Independent movement of the finger on the trigger moving it straight back until the gun fires with minimal movement of the sights and gun • Trigger control is probably the greatest source of error in pistol marksmanship • The trigger must be pulled or squeezed straight backward to avoid pulling the weapon out of alignment during the shot • Ideally a shooter wants to squeeze the trigger back slowly until there is a “surprise break” and the shot is fired • Trigger control and grip work together to eliminate shot anticipation • Finger placement on the trigger is highly individualistic.
Shot is fired with a single sight picture with careful and full follow through as if firing another shot (always prepare for one more during follow through practice) • String (Tap). always prepare to take one more • For combative marksmanship. useful only at very close range SKILLS YOU REALLY NEED WHEN IT REALLY COUNTS Fully Forward Fully Back Reset .Each shot is fired separately with a new sight picture.Trigger Control • The trigger should be released only far enough so a “click” is felt and heard. As shooters improve. which indicates the trigger has reset • Trigger reset is part of good follow up • After the final shot. they are able to do this rhythmically and quickly. but with minimal time between shots. the trigger and gun are often squeezed convulsively.One sight picture is acquired and weapon is fired as fast as the weapon can be controlled. This requires a harder grasp on the weapon to keep it steady • Single shot. • Burst (Hammer).
Shoot Officer chases and armed bad guy until he gets a clear shot. The skill is to snap into position. SKILLS YOU REALLY NEED WHEN IT REALLY COUNTS . which sets you up mentally for the fundamentals of marksmanship.Breath Control BREATH CONTROL A method of controlling breathing to minimize gun movement as the body expands and contracts during inhalation and exhalation. forces out a quick exhalation. and take a deliberate fully aimed shot as quickly as possible Example: Run. stop doing this as soon as you recognize it and make breathing part of your tactical response and follow through • If you make the deliberate decision for a perfect shot. another full breath with release should take place • Combat breathing should start as soon as you are alerted to the potential need for violence • Against a spontaneous threat. one should shoot during the respiratory pause after exhaling while the body is the most motionless • If the shot is not made in time. the officer stops quickly. breath out. you should set up the breath. you will most likely hold your breath while shooting. finds the sights fully and shoots in a compressed time frame. Stop. • Ideally.
right.this can be done on the move The shooter should then “take off” and “take cover” getting behind cover or moving to a flank while checking the rear for un-expected threats Other “T’s” are Talk. Top off.Consciously maintaining the shooting fundamentals for a brief time after the shot is fired. and scan his surroundings If the shooter is more comfortable staying extended. In real-life situations. it is not a major error. The purpose of the compression to a ready position is to break tunnel vision and protect it from a potential attack The shooter should scan “left. or Take care of injuries Verbal commands should initially be “Don’t move” or “Stay down” FAST-5 Fight Assess Scan Take off Take Cover Talk Top Off Treat injuries FAST. middle (back to check the threat). middle (checking the threat one last time). Preparing to fire the next shot. this will only happen if taking one perfect shot. otherwise it will be highly compressed Combat follow through is shooting the threat until it is no longer a threattypically to the ground and/or with weapon dropped Next the shooter follows the threat down and assesses. the shooter should place the finger on frame. compress the weapon. while still aimed in and ready to shoot If the threat does not need to continue to be shot.Follow Through • • • • • FOLLOW THROUGH.5 From Randy Harris Suarez International Staff Instructor • • • • • SKILLS YOU REALLY NEED WHEN IT REALLY COUNTS .
or forced exhalation for a fast shot Preparing for the next shot and tactical response SIGHT PICTURE TRIGGER CONTROL BREATH CONTROL FOLLOW THROUGH Preparing for the next shot SKILLS YOU REALLY NEED WHEN IT REALLY COUNTS . target blurry “Controlled Surprise Break” Respiratory Pause REALITY-BEHAVIOR BASED COMBAT MARKSMANSHIP Strong ‘convulsive’ grip with both hands Combat Crouch. gun brought to eyes Focus on front sight perfectly centered in rear sight High upper chest (when available). focus on small part of target. light squeeze strong hand More upright. again final focus on front sight. gun in peripheral vision “Convulsive grip” and straight rearward pressure if possible Combat breathing before and after.Differences Between Combat Marksmanship and Reality-Behavior Based Combat Marksmanship FUNDAMENTAL GRIP STANCE SIGHT ALIGNMENT “COMBAT” MARKSMANSHIP Heavy squeeze support hand. body dropped as gun brought up Focus on threat. body-wrist-gun forms runway to the target under eyes High upper chest (when available).
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